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Sydenham Chorea

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181. UFMG Sydenham's chorea rating scale (USCRS): reliability and consistency. Full Text available with Trip Pro

UFMG Sydenham's chorea rating scale (USCRS): reliability and consistency. Despite the renewed interest in Sydenham's chorea (SC) in recent years, there were no valid and reliable scales to rate the several signs and symptoms of patients with SC and related disorders. The Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) Sydenham's Chorea Rating Scale (USCRS) was designed to provide a detailed quantitative description of the performance of activities of daily living, behavioral abnormalities

2005 Movement Disorders

182. Serum from Sydenham's chorea patients modifies intracellular calcium levels in PC12 cells by a complement-independent mechanism. (Abstract)

Serum from Sydenham's chorea patients modifies intracellular calcium levels in PC12 cells by a complement-independent mechanism. The proposed pathogenesis of Sydenham's chorea (SC) is an autoantibody-mediated basal ganglia dysfunction. Our study has shown that incubation of PC12 cells with complement-inactivated serum from SC patients was associated with a significant increase in Ca2+ levels evoked by KCl stimulus (mean +/- SEM, 341.0 +/- 8.7% of fluorescence intensity, arbitrary units) when

2005 Movement Disorders

183. Did Gustav Mahler have Sydenham's chorea? (Abstract)

Did Gustav Mahler have Sydenham's chorea? Sydenham's chorea (SC), a major manifestation of acute rheumatic fever (RF), is characterized by chorea and other motor and non-motor features. Among the latter are behavioral symptoms, including obsessive-compulsive disorder. Although SC is typically a self-limited condition, up to 50% of patients may evolve with persistent chorea. There is evidence that Gustav Mahler had a movement disorder, but its nature remains undetermined. There are witnesses (...) describing him as having facial dyskinesia and a gait disorder consistent with chorea. His conducting performance was notorious for obsessive attention to details of the staging and musical production. Mahler was diagnosed with a valvulopathy in 1907 and died of subacute bacterial endocarditis in 1911. It is possible that the composer suffered from RF in childhood with carditis and SC, which may left him with valvulopathy, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and persistent chorea.

2006 Movement Disorders

184. Obsessive compulsive behavior, hyperactivity, and attention deficit disorder in Sydenham chorea. (Abstract)

Obsessive compulsive behavior, hyperactivity, and attention deficit disorder in Sydenham chorea. The authors investigated obsessive-compulsive behavior, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 50 healthy subjects, 50 patients with rheumatic fever without chorea, and 56 patients with Sydenham chorea. Obsessive-compulsive behavior, OCD, and ADHD were more frequent in the Sydenham chorea group (19%, 23.2%, 30.4%) than in the healthy subjects (...) (11%, 4%, 8%) and in the rheumatic fever without chorea group (14%, 6%, 8%). ADHD was more common in persistent Sydenham chorea.

2005 Neurology

185. Recurrence of Sydenham chorea: implications for pathogenesis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Recurrence of Sydenham chorea: implications for pathogenesis. Sydenham chorea (SC), a major sign of rheumatic fever (RF), is related to systemic streptococcal infection and is treated with antibiotics. Recurrence usually occurs within a short interval following the initial event and is considered part of RF.To evaluate the rate, nature, and course of recurrent SC during an extended follow-up period.Prospective assessment of a cohort of patients with SC who were admitted between 1985 and 2002 (...) .General community hospital.Diagnosis of RF was based on the revised Jones criteria. Other causes of chorea were excluded. Recurrence was defined as the development of new signs, lasting more than 24 hours and separated by a minimum of 2 months from the previous episode. Patients were observed from 1 to 14 years following the initial SC episode and for at least 1 year after recurrence. At recurrence, patients were assessed for RF clinical and laboratory activity, including change in cardiac

2004 Archives of Neurology

186. Late recurrences of Sydenham's chorea are not associated with anti-basal ganglia antibodies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Late recurrences of Sydenham's chorea are not associated with anti-basal ganglia antibodies. Anti-basal ganglia antibodies (ABGA) have been associated with 100% of acute cases and 69% of persistent cases of Sydenham's chorea. We describe two cases of late recurrences of Sydenham's chorea with absence of ABGA. Both patients had several childhood episodes of Sydenham's chorea. MRI imaging of the basal ganglia and exhaustive investigations for other causes of chorea were normal or negative

2004 Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

187. Sydenham chorea: a case report and review of the literature. (Abstract)

Sydenham chorea: a case report and review of the literature. Sydenham chorea (SC) is the neurological manifestation of rheumatic fever and is the most common acquired chorea in children. The disease presents as choreiform movements and behavioral changes after a streptoccocal throat infection. Although the incidence of SC has diminished because of aggressive antibiotic treatment, both isolated cases and epidemics persist, necessitating emergency physicians to be familiar with the disease. We

2007 Pediatric Emergency Care

188. Sydenham's Chorea

Sydenham's Chorea Sydenham's Chorea. Acute rheumatic fever and chorea info | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Sydenham's Chorea Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 24 Feb 2017 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European (...) Guidelines. You may find the article more useful, or one of our other . In this article In This Article Sydenham's Chorea In this article Synonym: St Vitus' dance Sydenham's chorea is a neurological manifestation of rheumatic fever (RF). Chorea (from the Greek word meaning 'dance') occurs in 20-40% of patients with RF [ ] . Although it is the most common cause of acute chorea worldwide, cases are now rare in the developed world [ ] . An autoimmune process is triggered after infection with group A beta

2008 Mentor

189. Corticosteroids i Sydenham's chorea. (Abstract)

Corticosteroids i Sydenham's chorea. 7203571 1981 05 21 2013 04 18 0971-5916 72 1980 Nov The Indian journal of medical research Indian J. Med. Res. Corticosteroids i Sydenham's chorea. 696-701 Kalra V V Ghai O P OP eng Clinical Trial Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial India Indian J Med Res 0374701 0971-5916 0 Adrenal Cortex Hormones IM Adrenal Cortex Hormones therapeutic use Brain Diseases etiology Child Child, Preschool Chorea drug therapy etiology Female Humans Male Rheumatic Fever

1981 The Indian journal of medical research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

190. Homovanilic acid in Huntington's disease and Sydenham's chorea. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Homovanilic acid in Huntington's disease and Sydenham's chorea. Homovanilic acid (HVA) was determined in the lumbar CSF of 12 patients with Huntington's disease and 12 with Sydenham's chorea before and after probenecid administration. The means of HVA concentration (basal and after probenecid) were lower in those with Huntington's disease than in controls, and were even lower in a sub-group characterised by increased tone and slowness of voluntary movement. There was no correlation between CSF (...) HVA values and the severity of abnormal movements, nor with length of the illness and age of the patients with Huntington's disease. The mean basal HVA concentration did not differ from controls in those with Sydenham's chorea but the accumulation with probenecid was significantly lower. These results suggest a decrease in cerebral dopamine release in both forms of chorea.

1981 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

191. SPECT and MRI findings in Sydenham's chorea. Full Text available with Trip Pro

SPECT and MRI findings in Sydenham's chorea. 8006668 1994 07 15 2018 11 13 0022-3050 57 6 1994 Jun Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry SPECT and MRI findings in Sydenham's chorea. 763 Hill A A Herkes G K GK Roche P P eng Case Reports Comment Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1992 Mar;55(3):238-9 1564496 Adult Chorea diagnosis etiology Female Humans Magnetic Resonance Imaging Rheumatic

1994 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

192. Successful treatment of refractory Sydenham's chorea with pimozide. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Successful treatment of refractory Sydenham's chorea with pimozide. 3998747 1985 07 17 2018 11 13 0022-3050 48 4 1985 Apr Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Successful treatment of refractory Sydenham's chorea with pimozide. 390 Harries-Jones R R Gibson J G JG eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 1HIZ4DL86F Pimozide IM Adolescent Chorea drug therapy Humans Male Pimozide therapeutic use 1985 4 1 1985 4 1

1985 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

193. MRI in hemiballism due to Sydenham's chorea. Full Text available with Trip Pro

MRI in hemiballism due to Sydenham's chorea. 1564496 1992 05 20 2018 11 13 0022-3050 55 3 1992 Mar Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry MRI in hemiballism due to Sydenham's chorea. 238-9 Konagaya M M Konagaya Y Y eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1994 Jun;57(6):763 8006668 Adolescent Basal Ganglia pathology Basal Ganglia Diseases diagnosis Chorea diagnosis Female

1992 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

194. [Carbamazepine in paroxysmal choreoathetosis in Sydenham's chorea]. (Abstract)

[Carbamazepine in paroxysmal choreoathetosis in Sydenham's chorea]. There are presented three different forms of chorea, in which we have observed an spectacular response to the administration of carbamazepine. The two first cases are paroxysmal choreoathetosis. Both are free of episodes of choreoathetosis under the administration or very low dosis of carbamazepine. However when a placebo is been used or in an accidental omit of the drug, the crisis reapears. The third case is a Sydenham chorea

1989 Anales españoles de pediatría

195. Cor triatriatum sinister, not mitral stenosis, in an adult with previous Sydenham's chorea: diagnosis and preoperative assessment by cross sectional echocardiography Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cor triatriatum sinister, not mitral stenosis, in an adult with previous Sydenham's chorea: diagnosis and preoperative assessment by cross sectional echocardiography In cor triatriatum sinister, one of the rarest congenital cardiac anomalies, a membrane divides the left atrium into a pulmonary venous component above and the vestibule below. The importance of the anomaly lies in the effects of the resultant pulmonary venous obstruction that usually present in the first year of life and can mimic (...) obstructed total anomalous venous drainage or congenital mitral stenosis. A case presented as mitral stenosis in the third decade of life, ten years after a well documented episode of Sydenham's chorea. The diagnosis was made rapidly by transthoracic echocardiography and transoesophageal echocardiography was used for complete assessment. Cardiac catheterisation added nothing to the non-invasive diagnosis or the preoperative assessment. Uncomplicated corrective surgery was undertaken.

1992 British Heart Journal

196. Treatment of Sydenham chorea with corticosteroids. (Abstract)

Treatment of Sydenham chorea with corticosteroids. Despite treatment with valproic acid and neuroleptics, a significant proportion of patients with Sydenham chorea (SC) remain with chorea. We evaluated the effect of intravenous methyl-prednisolone followed by oral prednisone in patients with SC refractory to conventional treatment. Patients were enrolled in the study if they failed to improve with conventional treatment, despite the development of side effects. Chorea was rated on a 0 to 4 (...) score. Five patients, 3 of them women, were included in the study. The median pretreatment rating score of the chorea was 3 (range, 3-4) and dropped to 1 (range, 0-2) after a median follow-up of 7 months (range, 3-7 months). Two patients developed Cushing syndrome. Our data suggest that intravenous methyl-prednisolone followed by oral prednisone is an effective and well-tolerated treatment of refractory SC.

2003 Movement Disorders

197. Absence of antibodies to cardiolipin in patients with Huntington's chorea, Sydenhams chorea and acute rheumatic fever. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Absence of antibodies to cardiolipin in patients with Huntington's chorea, Sydenhams chorea and acute rheumatic fever. 2976812 1989 04 28 2018 11 13 0022-3050 51 11 1988 Nov Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Absence of antibodies to cardiolipin in patients with Huntington's chorea, Sydenhams chorea and acute rheumatic fever. 1458 Asherson R A RA Hughes G R GR Gledhill R R Quinn N P NP eng Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R (...) 0022-3050 0 Autoantibodies 0 Cardiolipins IM Autoantibodies analysis Cardiolipins immunology Chorea immunology Humans Huntington Disease immunology Rheumatic Fever immunology 1988 11 1 1988 11 1 0 1 1988 11 1 0 0 ppublish 2976812 PMC1032824 J Exp Med. 1976 Oct 1;144(4):1094-110 789810 Arch Neurol. 1982 Mar;39(3):192-3 6978125 Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1983 May;90(5):487-90 6405781 Arthritis Rheum. 1986 Dec;29(12):1535-6 3801077 Ann Rheum Dis. 1987 Jan;46(1):1-6 3813670 Arthritis Rheum. 1988 Apr;31(4

1988 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

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