How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

487 results for

Superficial Thrombophlebitis

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

181. Behcet Disease (Follow-up)

showing pulmonary artery aneurysm in a Behçet disease patient. Courtesy of Mohanad Elfishawi, MD, Rheumatology Department, Cairo University. Acneiform lesions in a Behçet disease patient. Courtesy of Mohanad Elfishawi, MD, Rheumatology Department, Cairo University. Superficial thrombophlebitis in a Behçet disease patient. Courtesy of Mohanad Elfishawi, MD, Rheumatology Department, Cairo University. Postphlebitic limb in a Behçet disease patient. Courtesy of Mohanad Elfishawi, MD, Rheumatology

2014 eMedicine.com

182. Ulnar Neuropathy (Follow-up)

superficial and deep wound infections. Two additional meta-analyses, using somewhat different methods, were also unable to find any significant differences between the outcomes of simple decompression and those of decompression plus transposition. [ , ] However, one of these studies detected a trend in favor of decompression plus transposition, and the authors raised the possibility that a more highly powered study might be able to detect a difference. [ ] The aforementioned Cochrane review also examined (...) and traction on the nerve are contributing to the patient’s symptoms. [ ] The primary disadvantage is that the nerve may be hypersensitive after surgery because of its new superficial location. The potential exists for disruption of the ulnar nerve blood supply with the transposition. A longitudinal incision approximately 15 cm in length is made over the course of the ulnar nerve. Once the nerve is visualized from about 8 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle to 6 cm distal to the epicondyle, the distal

2014 eMedicine.com

183. Nonneoplastic Epithelial Disorders of the Vulva (Diagnosis)

a pseudomembranous coating. Vulvar ulcers, ranging in diameter from a few millimeters to 3 cm, often appear as multiple crops of well-defined and very tender ulcers with fibrinous bases and considerable undermining. Fistulae, with partial or complete destruction of the labia, may develop. Other manifestations of the disease include fever, malaise, acneiform lesions or cutaneous nodules on the skin, arthritis, synovitis, and thrombophlebitis. Associated erythema nodosum and erythema multiforme have been reported (...) ). Lymphangioma This condition is usually detected early in infancy on the labia minora or majora as an asymptomatic, raised, compressible, doughy mass, sometimes showing multiple clustered, superficial, thin-walled, translucent, and persistent pseudovesicles filled with clear fluid that may progressively grow over time. [ ] Angiokeratoma Angiokeratomas manifest as 1-3 mm, dark, red-to-purple, and sometimes hyperkeratotic papules. Patients are usually asymptomatic. Benign vulvar lesions. Angiokeratomas

2014 eMedicine.com

184. Normal and Abnormal Puerperium (Diagnosis)

superficial injury to the skin and subcutaneous perineal tissue or vaginal epithelium only. Second degree lacerations extend into the musculature of the perineal body, including the deep and superficial transverse perineal muscles, the bulbocavernosus muscle, and the pubococcygeus muscle. Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS), which are third and fourth degree perineal lacerations are considered more severe forms of obstetric tears. Third degree lacerations extend beyond the muscles and involve (...) and mortality Following 48-72 hours of intravenous antibiotic therapy, 90% of women clinically improve. Fewer than 2% of patients develop life-threatening complications such as septic shock, pelvic abscess, or septic pelvic thrombophlebitis. [ ] History A patient may report any of the following symptoms: fever, chills, lower abdominal pain, malodorous lochia, increased vaginal bleeding, anorexia, and malaise. Physical A focused physical examination is important and should include vital signs, an examination

2014 eMedicine.com

185. Paraneoplastic Diseases (Diagnosis)

, mild acanthosis and thinning of the granular layer are present or the granular layer may be absent. Superficial perivascular lymphohistiocytic infiltrates may be present in the dermis. Patient demographics are not significantly different from those expected with the associated underlying cancer. The cause of AI is not ascertainable by means of clinical examination of the skin alone. As with AN, unless cancer is strongly suggested based on clinical findings, nonmalignant disease associations, which (...) given together with ultraviolet-A (UV-A) phototherapy. Extramammary Paget disease Paget disease is characterized by a solitary, pruritic (but painless), sharply demarcated, erythematous, superficial, eczematous, slightly infiltrated plaque, which usually appears on the areola. The lesion of (EMPD) is clinically indistinguishable from that of Paget disease, except for its location; lesions in persons with EMPD typically appear on the apocrine gland–bearing perianal or vulvar skin. Occasionally, cases

2014 eMedicine.com

186. Mondor Disease (Diagnosis)

: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Mondor Disease Overview Background First described in detail by Henri Mondor in 1939, this condition is a rare entity characterized by a sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the subcutaneous veins of the anterior chest wall, as diagrammed in the image below. Fage in 1870 has been credited with delineating cording as a sign of superficial thrombophlebitis.} Illustration of the venous channels (...) , Stege H. Mondor disease associated with physical strain: report of 2 cases. Arch Dermatol . 2005 Jun. 141(6):800-1. . Oldfield MC. Mondor's disease. A superficial phlebitis of the breast. Lancet . 1962 May 12. 1:994-6. . Feller N. [Mondor's disease.]. Dapim Refuiim . 1962 Aug. 21:423-5. . Bauer-Hack K. [Contribution to Mondor's disease.]. Med Welt . 1962 Oct 13. 41:2152-6. . Manimala NJ, Parker J. Evaluation and Treatment of Penile Thrombophlebitis (Mondor's Disease). Curr Urol Rep . 2015 Jun. 16 (6

2014 eMedicine.com

187. Prevention of Thromboembolism in Spinal Cord Injury (Diagnosis)

this is a nonspecific and insensitive test Low-grade fever that cannot be explained after investigation of other possible sources Superficial thrombophlebitis felt as a palpable cord and/or superficial venous distention at the knee, groin, or anterior abdominal wall The clinical signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism (PE) may be the primary manifestation in patients with confirmed DVT. Symptoms may include pleuritic chest pain, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and feelings of impending doom. Further physical signs of PE may

2014 eMedicine.com

188. Pulmonary Embolism (Diagnosis)

: 58% Accentuated second heart sound: 53% Tachycardia (heart rate >100/min): 44% Fever (temperature >37.8°C [100.04°F]): 43% Diaphoresis: 36% S 3 or S 4 gallop: 34% Clinical signs and symptoms suggesting thrombophlebitis: 32% Lower extremity edema: 24% Cardiac murmur: 23% Cyanosis: 19% Testing Perform diagnostic testing on symptomatic patients with suspected pulmonary embolism to confirm or exclude the diagnosis or until an alternative diagnosis is found. Routine laboratory findings are nonspecific (...) is not a disease; rather, pulmonary embolism is a complication of venous thromboembolism, most commonly (DVT; shown in the image below). Virtually every physician who is involved in patient care encounters patients who are at risk for venous thromboembolism, and therefore at risk for pulmonary embolism. (See .) Computed tomography venograms in a 65-year-old man with possible pulmonary embolism. This image shows acute deep venous thrombosis with intraluminal filling defects in the bilateral superficial femoral

2014 eMedicine.com

189. Pulmonary Embolism (Overview)

: 58% Accentuated second heart sound: 53% Tachycardia (heart rate >100/min): 44% Fever (temperature >37.8°C [100.04°F]): 43% Diaphoresis: 36% S 3 or S 4 gallop: 34% Clinical signs and symptoms suggesting thrombophlebitis: 32% Lower extremity edema: 24% Cardiac murmur: 23% Cyanosis: 19% Testing Perform diagnostic testing on symptomatic patients with suspected pulmonary embolism to confirm or exclude the diagnosis or until an alternative diagnosis is found. Routine laboratory findings are nonspecific (...) is not a disease; rather, pulmonary embolism is a complication of venous thromboembolism, most commonly (DVT; shown in the image below). Virtually every physician who is involved in patient care encounters patients who are at risk for venous thromboembolism, and therefore at risk for pulmonary embolism. (See .) Computed tomography venograms in a 65-year-old man with possible pulmonary embolism. This image shows acute deep venous thrombosis with intraluminal filling defects in the bilateral superficial femoral

2014 eMedicine.com

190. Nonneoplastic Epithelial Disorders of the Vulva (Overview)

a pseudomembranous coating. Vulvar ulcers, ranging in diameter from a few millimeters to 3 cm, often appear as multiple crops of well-defined and very tender ulcers with fibrinous bases and considerable undermining. Fistulae, with partial or complete destruction of the labia, may develop. Other manifestations of the disease include fever, malaise, acneiform lesions or cutaneous nodules on the skin, arthritis, synovitis, and thrombophlebitis. Associated erythema nodosum and erythema multiforme have been reported (...) ). Lymphangioma This condition is usually detected early in infancy on the labia minora or majora as an asymptomatic, raised, compressible, doughy mass, sometimes showing multiple clustered, superficial, thin-walled, translucent, and persistent pseudovesicles filled with clear fluid that may progressively grow over time. [ ] Angiokeratoma Angiokeratomas manifest as 1-3 mm, dark, red-to-purple, and sometimes hyperkeratotic papules. Patients are usually asymptomatic. Benign vulvar lesions. Angiokeratomas

2014 eMedicine.com

191. Normal and Abnormal Puerperium (Overview)

superficial injury to the skin and subcutaneous perineal tissue or vaginal epithelium only. Second degree lacerations extend into the musculature of the perineal body, including the deep and superficial transverse perineal muscles, the bulbocavernosus muscle, and the pubococcygeus muscle. Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS), which are third and fourth degree perineal lacerations are considered more severe forms of obstetric tears. Third degree lacerations extend beyond the muscles and involve (...) and mortality Following 48-72 hours of intravenous antibiotic therapy, 90% of women clinically improve. Fewer than 2% of patients develop life-threatening complications such as septic shock, pelvic abscess, or septic pelvic thrombophlebitis. [ ] History A patient may report any of the following symptoms: fever, chills, lower abdominal pain, malodorous lochia, increased vaginal bleeding, anorexia, and malaise. Physical A focused physical examination is important and should include vital signs, an examination

2014 eMedicine.com

192. Mondor Disease (Overview)

: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Mondor Disease Overview Background First described in detail by Henri Mondor in 1939, this condition is a rare entity characterized by a sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the subcutaneous veins of the anterior chest wall, as diagrammed in the image below. Fage in 1870 has been credited with delineating cording as a sign of superficial thrombophlebitis.} Illustration of the venous channels (...) , Stege H. Mondor disease associated with physical strain: report of 2 cases. Arch Dermatol . 2005 Jun. 141(6):800-1. . Oldfield MC. Mondor's disease. A superficial phlebitis of the breast. Lancet . 1962 May 12. 1:994-6. . Feller N. [Mondor's disease.]. Dapim Refuiim . 1962 Aug. 21:423-5. . Bauer-Hack K. [Contribution to Mondor's disease.]. Med Welt . 1962 Oct 13. 41:2152-6. . Manimala NJ, Parker J. Evaluation and Treatment of Penile Thrombophlebitis (Mondor's Disease). Curr Urol Rep . 2015 Jun. 16 (6

2014 eMedicine.com

193. Nephrectomy, Radical (Treatment)

, covering the resected area with greater omentum. Previous Next: Postoperative Details Many postoperative complications, such as myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, atelectasis, pneumonia, and thrombophlebitis, can be reduced with adequate preoperative preparation, avoidance of intraoperative hypotension, appropriate blood and fluid replacement, postoperative breathing exercises, early mobilization, and elastic support of the legs, both during (...) %. Intraoperative complications include injury to any gastrointestinal organs (eg, liver, spleen, pancreas) or to any major blood vessels (eg, aorta, inferior vena cava). Pleural injuries can result in pneumothorax. Postoperative complications include secondary hemorrhage from the renal pedicle or any unrecognized injury, atelectasis, ileus, both superficial and deep wound infections, temporary or permanent renal failure, and incisional hernia. Other well-recognized systemic complications include myocardial

2014 eMedicine.com

194. Cavernous Sinus Syndromes (Overview)

by a superficial temporal-to-middle cerebral bypass to ensure cerebral circulation after carotid ligation. [ ] Cavernous sinus inflammatory, infectious, and granulomatous lesions Infection within cavernous sinus or in the adjacent structures can result in sinus thrombosis and/or development of inflammatory changes. The rare but important causes include: aspergillosis, Wegener granulomatosis, tuberculosis, and sarcoidosis. Some of these share symptoms with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (unilateral ophthalmoplegia (...) are treatable. Metastatic cancer is a frequent cause of cavernous sinus syndromes, and the prognosis depends on the specific tumor type. Cavernous sinus septic thrombophlebitis mortality has decreased from 100% to 20% with the improvement of diagnosis and therapies. Cavernous sinus aneurysms and C-C fistulas can be treated successfully by endovascular techniques. Lateral extension of pituitary tumors, a common cause of this syndrome, can be treated by surgical resection, radiation therapy in selected

2014 eMedicine.com

195. Chlamydial Pneumonias (Overview)

, blanching, maculopapular rash), splinter hemorrhages, superficial venous thromboses, acrocyanosis, and erythema nodosum. Horder spots resemble rose spots which are observed in patients with typhoid fever. C trachomatis pneumonia Nasal obstruction/discharge, cough, and tachypnea are common symptoms in C trachomatis infection. Infants are usually symptomatic for 3 weeks or longer before presentation. Most patients are afebrile and only moderately ill. Scattered crackles with good breath sounds (...) . In most states, physicians are required to report cases of ornithosis to the appropriate health care authority. Complications Complications of psittacosis include endocarditis, thrombophlebitis, myocarditis, thyroiditis, pancreatitis, hepatitis, renal failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and fetal death. Aortic valve replacement and a prolonged course of antibiotic therapy may be necessary for patients with endocarditis. Severely ill hypoxemic patients may require ventilatory support

2014 eMedicine.com

196. Cesarean Delivery (Overview)

of the procedure [ ] Complications See the list below: Approximately 2-fold increase in maternal mortality and morbidity with cesarean delivery relative to a vaginal delivery [ ] : Partly related to the procedure itself, and partly related to conditions that may have led to needing to perform a cesarean delivery Infection (eg, postpartum endomyometritis, fascial dehiscence, wound, urinary tract) Thromboembolic disease (eg, deep venous thrombosis, septic pelvic thrombophlebitis) Anesthetic complications (...) surgery. Shaving appears to be associated with a slightly increased risk for infection. [ ] The use of chlorohexidine solution rather than a povidone iodine solution is associated with a decrease risk of both superficial and deep wound infection. [ ] Anesthesia The anesthesiologist will review regional anesthetic techniques. Regional anesthesia is used for 95% of planned cesarean deliveries in the United States. The 3 main regional anesthetic techniques are spinal, epidural, and combined spinal

2014 eMedicine.com

197. Common Pregnancy Complaints and Questions (Overview)

common as women age; weight gain, the pressure on major venous return from the legs, and familial predisposition increase the risk of developing varicose veins during pregnancy. These can occur in the vulvar area and be fairly painful. Rest, leg elevation, acetaminophen, topical heat, and support stockings are typically all that is necessary. Determining that the varicosities are not complicated by superficial thrombophlebitis is important. Having a venous thromboembolism in association (...) with superficial thrombophlebitis is rare. Hemorrhoids, essentially varicosities of the anorectal veins, may first appear during pregnancy for the same reasons and are aggravated by constipation during pregnancy. Why are urinary tract infections more common during pregnancy? Pregnancy predisposes women with bacteriuria, which in the nonpregnant state is usually self-limiting, to developing urinary tract infections (UTIs). Normal pregnancy-related physiologic changes contribute to UTIs, including dilatation

2014 eMedicine.com

198. Erysipelas (Overview)

: Loretta S Davis, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Erysipelas Overview Background Erysipelas is a bacterial skin infection involving the upper dermis that characteristically extends into the superficial cutaneous lymphatics. It is a tender, intensely erythematous, indurated plaque with a sharply demarcated border. Its well-defined margin can help differentiate it from other skin infections (eg, cellulitis). [ ] See the image below. (See .) Well (...) usually are not life threatening, and most cases resolve after antibiotic therapy without sequelae. (The disease may also resolve spontaneously, without treatment.) Complications of erysipelas may include the following: Gangrene/amputation Chronic edema Scarring Bacteremia sepsis Scarlet fever Pneumonia Abscess [ , ] Embolism Meningitis Death The most common complications of erysipelas include abscess, gangrene, and thrombophlebitis. [ ] Less common complications (< 1%) are acute glomerulonephritis

2014 eMedicine.com

199. Campylobacter Infections (Overview)

. Such adherence would promote gut colonization. PEB 1 is a superficial antigen that appears to be a major adhesin and is conserved among C jejuni strains. Some strains of C jejuni produce a heat-labile, choleralike enterotoxin, which is important in the watery diarrhea observed in infections. Infection with the organism produces diffuse, bloody, edematous, and exudative enteritis. The inflammatory infiltrate consists of neutrophils, mononuclear cells, and eosinophils. Crypt abscesses develop in the epithelial (...) in Campylobacter jejuni. Antimicrob Agents Chemother . 2008 Nov. 52(11):3947-54. . Carbone KM, Heinrich MC, Quinn TC. Thrombophlebitis and cellulitis due to Campylobacter fetus ssp. fetus. Report of four cases and a review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore) . 1985 Jul. 64(4):244-50. . Crushell E, Harty S, Sharif F, Bourke B. Enteric campylobacter: purging its secrets?. Pediatr Res . 2004 Jan. 55(1):3-12. . Drake AA, Gilchrist MJ, Washington JA 2nd, et al. Diarrhea due to Campylobacter fetus subspecies

2014 eMedicine.com

200. Chlamydial Pneumonias (Treatment)

, blanching, maculopapular rash), splinter hemorrhages, superficial venous thromboses, acrocyanosis, and erythema nodosum. Horder spots resemble rose spots which are observed in patients with typhoid fever. C trachomatis pneumonia Nasal obstruction/discharge, cough, and tachypnea are common symptoms in C trachomatis infection. Infants are usually symptomatic for 3 weeks or longer before presentation. Most patients are afebrile and only moderately ill. Scattered crackles with good breath sounds (...) . In most states, physicians are required to report cases of ornithosis to the appropriate health care authority. Complications Complications of psittacosis include endocarditis, thrombophlebitis, myocarditis, thyroiditis, pancreatitis, hepatitis, renal failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and fetal death. Aortic valve replacement and a prolonged course of antibiotic therapy may be necessary for patients with endocarditis. Severely ill hypoxemic patients may require ventilatory support

2014 eMedicine.com

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>