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Substance Abuse rehabilitation

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1. Patterns and sociodemographic characteristics of substance abuse in Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia: a retrospective study at a psychiatric rehabilitation center (Full text)

Patterns and sociodemographic characteristics of substance abuse in Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia: a retrospective study at a psychiatric rehabilitation center The problem of substance abuse is one of the top 20 risk factors for poor health worldwide. Though widely prevalent in the Middle East, there are few studies in Saudi Arabia.Record the pattern of substances abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of abusers attending the local rehabilitation center.Descriptive, retrospective medical (...) record review.Patients admitted to psychiatric rehabilitation center.The sample included all patients admitted to a rehabilitation center during the period of January 2016-December 2016. Data was collected retrospectively from patient records.Descriptive epidemiological data and statistical comparisons.612 patients.The majority of patients (73%) were 21-40 years of age. Polysubstance abuse (60%) and amphetamine (24%) abuse were most predominant in the 20-40 year olds (45%) and high school dropouts

2018 Annals of Saudi Medicine PubMed abstract

2. Notes from the Field: Fatalities Associated with Human Adenovirus Type 7 at a Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Facility — New Jersey, 2017 (Full text)

Notes from the Field: Fatalities Associated with Human Adenovirus Type 7 at a Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Facility — New Jersey, 2017 29596407 2018 12 11 2018 12 11 1545-861X 67 12 2018 Mar 30 MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. Notes from the Field: Fatalities Associated with Human Adenovirus Type 7 at a Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Facility - New Jersey, 2017. 371-372 10.15585/mmwr.mm6712a6 Rozwadowski Faye F Caulcrick-Grimes Mardea M McHugh Lisa L (...) Haldeman AnnMarie A Fulton Tara T Killerby Marie M Schneider Eileen E Lu Xiaoyan X Sakthivel Senthilkumar K SK Bhatnagar Julu J Rabeneck Demi B DB Zaki Sherif S Watson John J eng Journal Article 2018 03 30 United States MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 7802429 0149-2195 IM Adenovirus Infections, Human epidemiology virology Adenoviruses, Human classification genetics isolation & purification Disease Outbreaks Female Humans Male Middle Aged New Jersey epidemiology Polymerase Chain Reaction Substance Abuse

2018 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report PubMed abstract

3. Role of imitation and limited rehabilitation capacity on the spread of drug abuse (Full text)

Role of imitation and limited rehabilitation capacity on the spread of drug abuse We formulate a mathematical model for the spread of drug abuse using non linear ordinary differential equations. The model seeks to investigate both peer influence and limited rehabilitation effects on the dynamics of drug abuse. Peer-influence is modelled through the mechanism of imitation and limited rehabilitation is described using a special treatment function. Center manifold theory is used to show (...) text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] are high enough such that [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]. The results suggest the need for comprehensive and accessible substance abuse treatment services to curtail drug abuse.

2018 BMC research notes PubMed abstract

4. Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse

Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse TITLE: Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 22 June 2015 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), depression and substance abuse (SA) are mental health disorders that can lead (...) to considerable impairments in the functioning of individuals worldwide. In Canada, the lifetime prevalence rate of PTSD, GAD, depression and substance abuse is 8%, 1 9%, 2 11%(major depressive episode) 2 and 22%(substance use disorder). 2 The first-line treatment for mental health disorders is often a combination of pharmacological and psychological therapies such as antidepressants and/or cognitive behavioural therapy. 3,4 Not all patients have adequate responses to pharmacological treatment. Patients may

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

5. Child Abuse, Elder Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence

by the application of tests, examinations, history or other procedures which can be applied rapidly.” 1 A positive screen identifies patients with higher probability of abuse that require additional testing or evaluation. However, screening does not lead to a diagnosis of abuse, and an initial negative screen does not “rule out” abuse. Screening must occur across the trauma/emergency care continuum (emergency department [ED], intensive care unit [ICU], medical-surgical units, and rehabilitation (...) concerns based on their experience that may not be supported by evidence. A careful and well-documented history is an essential component of the evaluation for physical abuse. A number of developed guidelines provide consensus on elements of concern learned from the history. 1,2 Historical clues of concern include the following: z Social factors such as a family member history of substance use or abuse, mental health disorders (e.g., depression or psychosis), arrests or incarcerations, and intimate

2019 American College of Surgeons

6. Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started

Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started December 2015Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started December 2015 This document is published by the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA). Suggested citation: Accreditation Stakeholders Working Group. (2015). Accreditation for residential substance abuse treatment: Getting started. Ottawa (...) , Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. © Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, 2015. CCSA, 500–75 Albert Street Ottawa, ON K1P 5E7 Tel.: 613-235-4048 Email: info@ccsa.ca Production of this document has been made possible through a financial contribution from Health Canada. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of Health Canada. This document can also be downloaded as a PDF at www.ccsa.ca. Ce document est également disponible en français sous le titre : L’agrément de

2015 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

7. Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice

Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice - ACOG Menu ▼ Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice Page Navigation ▼ Number 633, June 2015 (Replaces Committee Opinion Number 422, December 2008) (Reaffirmed 2018) Committee on Ethics This Committee Opinion was developed (...) by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists as a service to its members and other practicing clinicians. Although this document reflects the current viewpoint of the College, it is not intended to dictate an exclusive course of action in all cases. Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice ABSTRACT: Alcohol abuse and other substance use disorders are major, often underdiagnosed health problems for women, regardless of age, race

2015 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

8. Consumer Health Information Technology in the Prevention of Substance Abuse: Scoping Review. (Full text)

prevention to rehabilitation across the globe. With the use of digital technology rapidly increasing, an effort to leverage the consumer health information technologies (CHITs) to combat the rising substance abuse epidemic has been underway. CHITs are identified as patient-focused technological platforms aimed to improve patient engagement in health care and aid them in navigating the complex health care system.This review aimed to provide a holistic and overarching view of the breadth of research (...) Consumer Health Information Technology in the Prevention of Substance Abuse: Scoping Review. Addiction is one of the most rapidly growing epidemics that currently plagues nations around the world. In the United States, it has cost the government more than US $700 billion a year in terms of health care and other associated costs and is also associated with serious social, physical, and mental consequences. Increasing efforts have been made to tackle this issue at different levels, from primary

2019 Journal of medical Internet research PubMed abstract

9. Women and women with children residential rehabilitation best practice

4 observed the ratio of men and women in rehabilitation is less than the gender prevalence of substance use in the community. Also, women with substance abuse disorders tend to experience more severe medical and social consequences when compared to men. She noted that the odds of completing treatment were three times higher among adult clients in non-hospital residential rehabilitation facilities when compared to those in outpatient methadone programs. These findings suggest that more needs (...) 2006 and current day in the English language. A representative list of free-text keywords was generated and entered into electronic databases for mapping to subject headings. A final database search was conducted in December 2016 and January 2017. The following combination of keywords and subject headings was used as follows: 1. Wom$n* OR female* OR mother* 2. Substance abuse treatment centers/ OR alcohol rehab* OR drug rehab* OR residential rehab* or addict* 3. Managed care programs/ OR self care

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

10. Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation: Scientific Statement

for patientassessmentthatwereoutlinedbyBaladyetal.(32) and included a participant’s medical history, physical examination, and testing. The medical history encom- passes cardiovascular events, procedures and surgery, left ventricular function, comorbid conditions (e.g., mental health and substance abuse), current symptoms (e.g., chest pain, shortness of breath, lower extremity edema), and lifestyle habits (dietary, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol habits). The physical examination includes a full cardiovascular-focused examination (...) Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation: Scientific Statement AACVPR/AHA/ACC SCIENTIFIC STATEMENT Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation A Scienti?c Statement From the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation, the American Heart Association, and the American College of Cardiology Randal J. Thomas, MD, MS, MAACVPR, FAHA, FACC, Chair Alexis L. Beatty, MD, MAS, MAACVPR, FACC Theresa M. Beckie, PHD, MSN, FAHA LaPrincess C. Brewer, MD, MPH, FACC Todd M. Brown, MD, FAACVPR, FACC

2019 American College of Cardiology

11. Management of Stroke Rehabilitation

patient. Additional materials including an abbreviated provider summary, patient summary, and pocket card are available at the following link: https://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/Rehab/stroke/. A. Methods The current document is an update to the 2010 Stroke Rehabilitation CPG. The methodology used in developing the 2019 CPG follows the Guideline for Guidelines, an internal document of the VA and DoD EBPWG that was updated in January 2019.[10] The Guideline for Guidelines can be downloaded from (...) Management of Stroke Rehabilitation VA/DoD CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF STROKE REHABILITATION Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Defense QUALIFYING STATEMENTS The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense guidelines are based upon the best information available at the time of publication. They are designed to provide information and assist decision making. They are not intended to define a standard of care and should not be construed as one

2019 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

12. Veterans in substance abuse treatment program self-initiate box gardening as a stress reducing therapeutic modality. (Abstract)

Veterans in substance abuse treatment program self-initiate box gardening as a stress reducing therapeutic modality. To assess the experiences of a veteran initiated horticultural therapy garden during their 28-day inpatient Substance Abuse Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Program (SARRTP).Retrospective study.Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), Salem, Virginia, USA INTERVENTIONS: Group interviews with veterans from the last SARRTP classes and individual interviews with VAMC greenhouse

2018 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

13. Safety and tolerability of sauna detoxification for the protracted withdrawal symptoms of substance abuse (Full text)

Safety and tolerability of sauna detoxification for the protracted withdrawal symptoms of substance abuse Protracted drug withdrawal symptoms can last months or years after drug cessation, often precipitating a return to substance misuse. We evaluated the safety and preliminary health benefits of a unique chemical exposure regimen based on exercise, sauna and therapeutic nutrients.This was a prospective evaluation of 109 individuals sequentially enrolled into a sauna detoxification component (...) of a multi-modal, long-term residential substance abuse treatment centre.Data from medical charts, client self-reports and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) responses indicated that the Hubbard sauna detoxification method was well tolerated, with a 99% completion rate, including one human immunodeficiency virus and nine hepatitis C positive clients. There were no cases of dehydration, overhydration or heat illness. Statistically significant improvements were seen in both mental and physical SF-36 scores

2018 The Journal of international medical research PubMed abstract

14. Exploring how prison-based drug rehabilitation programming shapes racial disparities in substance use disorder recovery. (Full text)

Exploring how prison-based drug rehabilitation programming shapes racial disparities in substance use disorder recovery. Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members (...) prisoners who participated in a minimum of 12 months of prison-based TC programming, and described how programming rhetoric impacted their substance abuse treatment experiences. While many of the respondents described distressing experiences as TC participants, White respondents were more likely to eventually embrace the "addict" label and speak of privileges and reintegrative support subsequently received. Black respondents were more likely to defy the treatment rhetoric, and either fail to complete

2017 Social Science & Medicine PubMed abstract

15. Substance Abuse, Relapse, and Treatment Program Evaluation in Malaysia: Perspective of Rehab Patients and Staff Using the Mixed Method Approach (Full text)

Substance Abuse, Relapse, and Treatment Program Evaluation in Malaysia: Perspective of Rehab Patients and Staff Using the Mixed Method Approach This study examined reasons for substance abuse and evaluated the effectiveness of substance treatment programs in Malaysia through interviews with rehab patients and staff. Substance rehab patients (aged 18-69 years; n = 30) and staff (ages 30-72 years; n = 10) participated in semi-structured interviews covering a range of topics, including family (...) and peer relationships, substance use and treatment history, factors for substance use and relapse, motivation for entering treatment, work experience, job satisfaction, treatment evaluation, and patient satisfaction. Most patients did not demonstrate the substance progression trend and had normal family relationships. Most patients reported having peers from normal family backgrounds as well. Various environmental and personal factors was cited as contributing to substance abuse and relapse

2016 Frontiers in Psychiatry PubMed abstract

16. Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputation

Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputation VA/DoD CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE FOR REHABILITATION OF INDIVIDUALS WITH LOWER LIMB AMPUTATION Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Defense QUALIFYING STATEMENTS The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense guidelines are based upon the best information available at the time of publication. They are designed to provide information and assist decision making. They are not intended to define a standard of care and should (...) and/or therapeutic interventions within these guidelines does not guarantee coverage of civilian sector care. Additional information on current TRICARE benefits may be found at www.tricare.mil or by contacting your regional TRICARE Managed Care Support Contractor. Version 2.0 – 2017September 2017 Page 2 of 123 Prepared by: The Rehabilitation of Individuals with Lower Limb Amputation Work Group With support from: The Office of Quality, Safety and Value, VA, Washington, DC & Office of Evidence Based Practice, U.S

2017 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

17. Effect of Add-On Yoga on Cognitive Functions among Substance Abusers in a Residential Therapeutic Center: Randomized Comparative Study (Full text)

behaviors.The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a yoga-based intervention as an add-on in enhancing cognitive functions, compared with physical exercise to newly admitted substance abusers seeking an inpatient treatment program.The study was a single-blind, randomized, comparative design that included 96 male participants, between 18 and 40 years in a residential rehabilitation treatment unit. Partakers in the yoga or physical exercise group received supervised daily training for 12 weeks, in addition (...) Effect of Add-On Yoga on Cognitive Functions among Substance Abusers in a Residential Therapeutic Center: Randomized Comparative Study Chronic vulnerability characterizes substance abuse disorder with consequent relapse. The process of abstinence depends on cognitive recovery. Hence, behavioral intervention should account for cognitive dimension of substance abusers. Recent studies highlight yoga-based intervention as a promising add-on therapy for treating and preventing addictive

2017 Annals of neurosciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

18. Factors associated with depression and suicide attempts in patients undergoing rehabilitation for substance abuse. (Abstract)

Factors associated with depression and suicide attempts in patients undergoing rehabilitation for substance abuse. Comorbidity of major depression with substance abuse increases the risk of committing suicide. The objective of this work was to determine the psychological and socio-demographic factors associated with depression and suicide attempts in patients rehabilitating for drug consumption.57 Patients attending a center for drug abuse treatment answered the following instruments: the Mini (...) -international neuropsychiatric interview, a questionnaire of general information and background data on consumption of substances, depression and suicide attempts, and the Spanish adaptation of the Holmes and Rahe scale for the assessment of life events. Chi-square and logistic regression tests were used to establish associations between variables.68.4% of the Patients had current major depression, of these, 75.4% experienced it before the onset of substance abuse. Patients attempting suicide before drug

2014 Journal of Affective Disorders

19. Abuse-Deterrent Formulations of Opioids: Effectiveness and Value

, infections through needle sharing, 71,72 thrombotic microangiopathy, 19 or other risks 20 caused by intravenous exposure of substances produced by the tampering of the excipients used in ADF technology. ADFs may deter chewing, intranasal, and intravenous routes of abuse. 21 However, swallowing pills whole is the most common form of abuse and is not deterred by ADFs. 22 Opioid Abuse, Diversion, and Shifts in Opioid Use The progression from medical use to non-medical use, to abuse and addiction, has (...) not been very well studied. It is generally believed that chewing an ER opioid is an important step towards addiction, followed by intranasal and intravenous routes of abuse. 21 However, even among patients entering drug rehabilitation programs, oral abuse of the IR formulation or the manipulated ER formulation remains the major route, with the exception of morphine, abused through the intravenous route in 66% of patients entering drug rehabilitation. 23 Understanding the characteristics and pathways

2017 California Technology Assessment Forum

20. Motivational interviewing for substance abuse (Full text)

Motivational interviewing for substance abuse Motivational interviewing for substance abuse - Smedslund - 2011 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Motivational interviewing for substance abuse Corresponding Author E-mail address: E-mail address: +47 2325 5155 | +47 9138 7076 Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health (...) outcomes); and therapist MI‐inconsistent behavior (related to worse outcomes). Why it is important to do this review The intervention is used widely, and therefore it is important to find out whether it helps, harms or is ineffective. Several reviews and meta‐analyses have been published (e.g. ; ; ; ; deWildt 2002; ; ; ; ; ; ; Nahom 2005; ; ) but they all differ somewhat from our review. Some of them have studied effects of MI (AMI) on other groups in addition to substance abusers or studied only

2011 Campbell Collaboration PubMed abstract

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