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Substance Abuse rehabilitation

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1. Notes from the Field: Fatalities Associated with Human Adenovirus Type 7 at a Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Facility — New Jersey, 2017 (PubMed)

Notes from the Field: Fatalities Associated with Human Adenovirus Type 7 at a Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Facility — New Jersey, 2017 29596407 2018 12 11 2018 12 11 1545-861X 67 12 2018 Mar 30 MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. Notes from the Field: Fatalities Associated with Human Adenovirus Type 7 at a Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Facility - New Jersey, 2017. 371-372 10.15585/mmwr.mm6712a6 Rozwadowski Faye F Caulcrick-Grimes Mardea M McHugh Lisa L (...) Haldeman AnnMarie A Fulton Tara T Killerby Marie M Schneider Eileen E Lu Xiaoyan X Sakthivel Senthilkumar K SK Bhatnagar Julu J Rabeneck Demi B DB Zaki Sherif S Watson John J eng Journal Article 2018 03 30 United States MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 7802429 0149-2195 IM Adenovirus Infections, Human epidemiology virology Adenoviruses, Human classification genetics isolation & purification Disease Outbreaks Female Humans Male Middle Aged New Jersey epidemiology Polymerase Chain Reaction Substance Abuse

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2018 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

2. Patterns and sociodemographic characteristics of substance abuse in Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia: a retrospective study at a psychiatric rehabilitation center (PubMed)

Patterns and sociodemographic characteristics of substance abuse in Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia: a retrospective study at a psychiatric rehabilitation center The problem of substance abuse is one of the top 20 risk factors for poor health worldwide. Though widely prevalent in the Middle East, there are few studies in Saudi Arabia.Record the pattern of substances abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of abusers attending the local rehabilitation center.Descriptive, retrospective medical (...) record review.Patients admitted to psychiatric rehabilitation center.The sample included all patients admitted to a rehabilitation center during the period of January 2016-December 2016. Data was collected retrospectively from patient records.Descriptive epidemiological data and statistical comparisons.612 patients.The majority of patients (73%) were 21-40 years of age. Polysubstance abuse (60%) and amphetamine (24%) abuse were most predominant in the 20-40 year olds (45%) and high school dropouts

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2018 Annals of Saudi Medicine

3. Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse

Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse TITLE: Yoga for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depression, and Substance Abuse: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 22 June 2015 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), depression and substance abuse (SA) are mental health disorders that can lead (...) to considerable impairments in the functioning of individuals worldwide. In Canada, the lifetime prevalence rate of PTSD, GAD, depression and substance abuse is 8%, 1 9%, 2 11%(major depressive episode) 2 and 22%(substance use disorder). 2 The first-line treatment for mental health disorders is often a combination of pharmacological and psychological therapies such as antidepressants and/or cognitive behavioural therapy. 3,4 Not all patients have adequate responses to pharmacological treatment. Patients may

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

4. Consumer Health Information Technology in the Prevention of Substance Abuse: Scoping Review. (PubMed)

prevention to rehabilitation across the globe. With the use of digital technology rapidly increasing, an effort to leverage the consumer health information technologies (CHITs) to combat the rising substance abuse epidemic has been underway. CHITs are identified as patient-focused technological platforms aimed to improve patient engagement in health care and aid them in navigating the complex health care system.This review aimed to provide a holistic and overarching view of the breadth of research (...) Consumer Health Information Technology in the Prevention of Substance Abuse: Scoping Review. Addiction is one of the most rapidly growing epidemics that currently plagues nations around the world. In the United States, it has cost the government more than US $700 billion a year in terms of health care and other associated costs and is also associated with serious social, physical, and mental consequences. Increasing efforts have been made to tackle this issue at different levels, from primary

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2019 Journal of medical Internet research

5. Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started

Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started December 2015Accreditation for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centres: Getting Started December 2015 This document is published by the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA). Suggested citation: Accreditation Stakeholders Working Group. (2015). Accreditation for residential substance abuse treatment: Getting started. Ottawa (...) , Ont.: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. © Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, 2015. CCSA, 500–75 Albert Street Ottawa, ON K1P 5E7 Tel.: 613-235-4048 Email: info@ccsa.ca Production of this document has been made possible through a financial contribution from Health Canada. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of Health Canada. This document can also be downloaded as a PDF at www.ccsa.ca. Ce document est également disponible en français sous le titre : L’agrément de

2015 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

6. Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice

Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice - ACOG Menu ▼ Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice Page Navigation ▼ Number 633, June 2015 (Replaces Committee Opinion Number 422, December 2008) (Reaffirmed 2018) Committee on Ethics This Committee Opinion was developed (...) by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists as a service to its members and other practicing clinicians. Although this document reflects the current viewpoint of the College, it is not intended to dictate an exclusive course of action in all cases. Alcohol Abuse and Other Substance Use Disorders: Ethical Issues in Obstetric and Gynecologic Practice ABSTRACT: Alcohol abuse and other substance use disorders are major, often underdiagnosed health problems for women, regardless of age, race

2015 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

7. Veterans in substance abuse treatment program self-initiate box gardening as a stress reducing therapeutic modality. (PubMed)

Veterans in substance abuse treatment program self-initiate box gardening as a stress reducing therapeutic modality. To assess the experiences of a veteran initiated horticultural therapy garden during their 28-day inpatient Substance Abuse Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Program (SARRTP).Retrospective study.Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), Salem, Virginia, USA INTERVENTIONS: Group interviews with veterans from the last SARRTP classes and individual interviews with VAMC greenhouse

2018 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

8. Safety and tolerability of sauna detoxification for the protracted withdrawal symptoms of substance abuse (PubMed)

Safety and tolerability of sauna detoxification for the protracted withdrawal symptoms of substance abuse Protracted drug withdrawal symptoms can last months or years after drug cessation, often precipitating a return to substance misuse. We evaluated the safety and preliminary health benefits of a unique chemical exposure regimen based on exercise, sauna and therapeutic nutrients.This was a prospective evaluation of 109 individuals sequentially enrolled into a sauna detoxification component (...) of a multi-modal, long-term residential substance abuse treatment centre.Data from medical charts, client self-reports and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) responses indicated that the Hubbard sauna detoxification method was well tolerated, with a 99% completion rate, including one human immunodeficiency virus and nine hepatitis C positive clients. There were no cases of dehydration, overhydration or heat illness. Statistically significant improvements were seen in both mental and physical SF-36 scores

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2018 The Journal of international medical research

9. Role of imitation and limited rehabilitation capacity on the spread of drug abuse (PubMed)

Role of imitation and limited rehabilitation capacity on the spread of drug abuse We formulate a mathematical model for the spread of drug abuse using non linear ordinary differential equations. The model seeks to investigate both peer influence and limited rehabilitation effects on the dynamics of drug abuse. Peer-influence is modelled through the mechanism of imitation and limited rehabilitation is described using a special treatment function. Center manifold theory is used to show (...) text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] are high enough such that [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]. The results suggest the need for comprehensive and accessible substance abuse treatment services to curtail drug abuse.

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2018 BMC research notes

10. Length of stay and treatment completion for mothers with substance abuse issues in integrated treatment programmes

in treatment. Funding Not stated. Bibliographic details Milligan K, Niccols A, Sword W, Thabane L, Henderson J, Smith A. Length of stay and treatment completion for mothers with substance abuse issues in integrated treatment programmes. Alcohol, Drugs and Driving 2011; 18(3): 219-227 DOI Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Delivery of Health Care, Integrated; Humans; Length of Stay; Mothers; Substance-Related Disorders /rehabilitation AccessionNumber 12011005938 Date (...) Length of stay and treatment completion for mothers with substance abuse issues in integrated treatment programmes Length of stay and treatment completion for mothers with substance abuse issues in integrated treatment programmes Length of stay and treatment completion for mothers with substance abuse issues in integrated treatment programmes Milligan K, Niccols A, Sword W, Thabane L, Henderson J, Smith A CRD summary The authors concluded that findings suggested integrated programmes for women

2011 DARE.

11. Effect of Add-On Yoga on Cognitive Functions among Substance Abusers in a Residential Therapeutic Center: Randomized Comparative Study (PubMed)

behaviors.The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a yoga-based intervention as an add-on in enhancing cognitive functions, compared with physical exercise to newly admitted substance abusers seeking an inpatient treatment program.The study was a single-blind, randomized, comparative design that included 96 male participants, between 18 and 40 years in a residential rehabilitation treatment unit. Partakers in the yoga or physical exercise group received supervised daily training for 12 weeks, in addition (...) Effect of Add-On Yoga on Cognitive Functions among Substance Abusers in a Residential Therapeutic Center: Randomized Comparative Study Chronic vulnerability characterizes substance abuse disorder with consequent relapse. The process of abstinence depends on cognitive recovery. Hence, behavioral intervention should account for cognitive dimension of substance abusers. Recent studies highlight yoga-based intervention as a promising add-on therapy for treating and preventing addictive

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2017 Annals of neurosciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Exploring how prison-based drug rehabilitation programming shapes racial disparities in substance use disorder recovery. (PubMed)

Exploring how prison-based drug rehabilitation programming shapes racial disparities in substance use disorder recovery. Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members (...) prisoners who participated in a minimum of 12 months of prison-based TC programming, and described how programming rhetoric impacted their substance abuse treatment experiences. While many of the respondents described distressing experiences as TC participants, White respondents were more likely to eventually embrace the "addict" label and speak of privileges and reintegrative support subsequently received. Black respondents were more likely to defy the treatment rhetoric, and either fail to complete

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2017 Social Science & Medicine

13. Systematic Review - Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders

-deployment health assessment and Veterans using VHA care with a history of mTBI or TBI unspecified compared to 11% to 35% in those with no TBI. National samples generally found a higher prevalence of substance use disorders in the service member and Veterans groups with a history of mTBI or TBI unspecified vs the no-TBI groups. For alcohol abuse the prevalence was 4% to 19% for the TBI groups and 2% to 11% in those with no TBI history. Results for substance use disorders were mixed for the geographically (...) the mTBI and no-TBI groups was at least 20%. No eligible studies reported PTSD prevalence for active duty service members. · Depressive disorders were more prevalent in Veterans and service members with a history of mTBI vs no-TBI (low strength evidence). The differences in prevalence ranged from 5% to 37%. One study of Veterans reported similar prevalence rates of depressive disorders in TBI and no-TBI groups. · Substance use disorders (including alcohol, drug, and tobacco abuse) were more prevalent

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

14. Burnout among service providers addressing substance use disorders

, mindfulness, and values-based action. Rehabilitation Psychology. 2008;53(4):479. Weingardt KR, Cucciare MA, Bellotti C, Lai WP. A randomized trial comparing two models of web-based training in cognitive–behavioral therapy for substance abuse counselors. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2009;37(3):219–27. Leichsenring F, Hiller W, Weissberg M, Leibing E. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychodynamic psychotherapy: Techniques, efficacy, and indications. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 2006;60(3 (...) related training (25). Interventions to reduce burnout A meta-analysis of burnout interventions found that person-directed interventions were more effective than those directed at the organizational level (26). Another study noted that active coping strategies were effective in reducing burnout among sexual or substance abuse counsellors (27). Work related interventions include having providers make use of specific therapies. One study identifies acceptance and treatment therapy (ACT) which consists

2019 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

15. Factors associated with depression and suicide attempts in patients undergoing rehabilitation for substance abuse. (PubMed)

Factors associated with depression and suicide attempts in patients undergoing rehabilitation for substance abuse. Comorbidity of major depression with substance abuse increases the risk of committing suicide. The objective of this work was to determine the psychological and socio-demographic factors associated with depression and suicide attempts in patients rehabilitating for drug consumption.57 Patients attending a center for drug abuse treatment answered the following instruments: the Mini (...) -international neuropsychiatric interview, a questionnaire of general information and background data on consumption of substances, depression and suicide attempts, and the Spanish adaptation of the Holmes and Rahe scale for the assessment of life events. Chi-square and logistic regression tests were used to establish associations between variables.68.4% of the Patients had current major depression, of these, 75.4% experienced it before the onset of substance abuse. Patients attempting suicide before drug

2014 Journal of Affective Disorders

16. Latino Mother/Daughter Dyadic Attachment as a Mediator for Substance Use Disorder and Emotional Abuse (PubMed)

Latino Mother/Daughter Dyadic Attachment as a Mediator for Substance Use Disorder and Emotional Abuse To date, no studies have investigated emotional abuse of adult Latina women by their mothers despite evidence that emotional maternal abuse may significantly contribute to the emotional abuse experienced by Latina women in their lifetime. Cross-sectional data including 316 women was analyzed using mediation and logistic regression. Overall, 7.1 % of mothers and 24.1 % of daughters abused drugs (...) ; and, 19.5 % of daughters were emotionally abused by their mothers. Mother's attachment to her daughter mediated the association between mother's drug abuse and emotionally abusing her adult daughter (indirect effect: 0.863). Latina women can serve as perpetrators of emotional abuse of their adult children. Since drug-abusing daughters are more likely to be victims of emotional abuse by their mothers and drug-abusing mothers are more likely to abuse their daughters, drug-rehabilitation practitioners

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2016 Journal of immigrant and minority health / Center for Minority Public Health

17. Pre-treatment Drug Use Characteristics and Experiences among Patients in a Voluntary Substance Abuse Treatment Center in Malaysia: A Mixed Methods Approach (PubMed)

Pre-treatment Drug Use Characteristics and Experiences among Patients in a Voluntary Substance Abuse Treatment Center in Malaysia: A Mixed Methods Approach Drug use in Malaysia remains a significant public health and social problem despite implementation of harsh punitive drug policies such as forcibly placing suspected drug users into compulsory drug detention centers (CDDCs). Following criticism over human right violations in CDDCs, Malaysia has begun to transition towards voluntary drug (...) in drug initiation and relapse, and the positive effect of the C&C center on drug rehabilitation.The drug use profile of the Kelantan C&C center enrollees shows extensive pretreatment amphetamine use, polysubstance use, and injection drug use, including high-risk behaviors such as sharing needles, syringes, and containers. Evidence points to the need for integration of social support-oriented practices and behavioral interventions into the rehabilitation of drug users in this region.

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2016 Substance Abuse

18. The Effects of Family-Centered Problem-Solving Education on Relapse Rate, Self Efficacy and Self Esteem Among Substance Abusers. (PubMed)

The Effects of Family-Centered Problem-Solving Education on Relapse Rate, Self Efficacy and Self Esteem Among Substance Abusers. The success of drug abuse treatment and relapse prevention methods depends widely on not only pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical therapies but also self efficacy and self esteem promotion.The current study attempted to clarify the effects of Problem Solving Education (PSE) on relapse rate, self efficacy and self esteem among drug abusers.This non-controlled (...) clinical trial (quasi-experimental) assessed 60 opium and heroin abusers who were willing to quit and were referred to the Mehr Center of Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation Facility. The patients were allocated to two groups of 30 (intervention and control groups). While both groups received the routine care of the clinic, the intervention group also attended eight 45-minute family-centered PSE sessions. The Coopersmith Self esteem Inventory and Quit Addiction Self efficacy Questionnaire were

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2016 International journal of high risk behaviors & addiction Controlled trial quality: uncertain

19. Coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse: community health and social care services

between services and people with coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse who use them). 1.3.7 Consider the suitability of the type of housing (for example, high to low support or independent tenancies), employment, detox, rehabilitation services or other support identified for the person, in collaboration with relevant providers. T ake the person's preferences into account. 1.3.8 Ensure agencies and staff communicate with each other so the person is not automatically discharged from (...) ). 1.6.4 Recognise that people with coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse are at higher risk of not using, or losing contact with, services. There are specific populations who are more at risk. These include men, young people, older people and women who are pregnant or have recently given birth. It also includes: people who are homeless people who have experienced or witnessed abuse or violence people with language difficulties people who are parents or carers who may fear

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

20. Recovery schools for improving behavioral and academic outcomes among students in recovery from substance use disorders: a systematic review

steadily after age 12 and peaks among youth ages 18-23 (White, Evans, Ali, Achara-Abrahams, & King, 2009). Although not every youth who experiments with alcohol or illicit drugs is diagnosed with an SUD, approximately 7-9% of 12-24 year olds in the United States were admitted for public SUD treatment in 2013 (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2016). Recovery from an SUD involves reduction or complete abstinence of use, defined broadly as “voluntarily sustained control (...) disorder (SUD), i.e., “a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress” (APA, 1994). Substance abuse and dependence were originally diagnosed separately with substance abuse considered an early phase and dependence the more severe manifestation; however, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V (DSM-V) modified the definition of an SUD to combine abuse and dependence into one category with different levels (APA, 2013). An SUD

2018 Campbell Collaboration

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