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Stimulant Use Disorder

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101. Some Clinically Useful Information that Neuropsychology Provides Patients, Carepartners, Neurologists, and Neurosurgeons About Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Some Clinically Useful Information that Neuropsychology Provides Patients, Carepartners, Neurologists, and Neurosurgeons About Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective (but non-curative) treatment for some of the motor symptoms and treatment complications associated with dopaminergic agents in Parkinson's disease (PD). DBS can be done relatively safely and is associated with quality of life gains. In most DBS centers, neuropsychological

2017 Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

102. Updated Review on the Clinical Use of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Psychiatric Disorders Full Text available with Trip Pro

Updated Review on the Clinical Use of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Psychiatric Disorders With the ability to modulate cortical activity, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is becoming increasingly important in clinical applications for psychiatric disorders. Previous studies have demonstrated its promising efficacy in depression and schizophrenia, and emerging evidence has also been found in patients with anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (...) and the optimal protocol of rTMS in psychiatric disorders, especially for medication-resistant symptoms.

2017 Neuroscience bulletin

103. Developing Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) as a Treatment Tool for Cocaine Use Disorder: a Series of Six Translational Studies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Developing Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) as a Treatment Tool for Cocaine Use Disorder: a Series of Six Translational Studies Cocaine dependence is a chronic and relapsing disorder which is particularly resistant to behavioral or pharmacologic treatment, and likely involves multiple dysfunctional frontal-striatal circuits. Through advances in preclinical research in the last decade, we now have an unprecedented understanding of the neural control of drug-taking behavior (...) and empirically developing a non-invasive, neural circuit-based intervention for cocaine use disorder. Utilizing a multimodal approach of functional brain imaging and brain stimulation, we have attempted to design and optimize a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment protocol for cocaine use disorder. This manuscript will briefly review the data largely from our own lab that motivated our selection of candidate neural circuits, and then summarize the results of six studies, culminating

2017 Current behavioral neuroscience reports

104. Insular and Cingulate Attenuation during Decision Making is associated with Future Transition to Stimulant Use Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Insular and Cingulate Attenuation during Decision Making is associated with Future Transition to Stimulant Use Disorder To understand processes placing individuals at risk for stimulant (amphetamine and cocaine) use disorder.Longitudinal study.University of California, San Diego Department of Psychiatry, CA, USA.Occasional stimulant users (OSU; n = 184) underwent a baseline clinical interview and a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) session. On the basis of a follow-up clinical (...) interview completed 3 years later, OSU (n = 147) were then categorized as problem stimulant users (PSU: n = 36; those who developed stimulant use disorders in the interim) or desisted stimulant users (DSU: n = 74; those who stopped using). OSU who did not meet criteria for PSU or DSU (n = 37) were included in dimensional analyses.fMRI blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) contrast percentage signal change from baseline collected during a Paper-Scissors-Rock task was examined during three decision-making

2017 Addiction (Abingdon, England)

105. Suppression of autoimmune demyelinating disease by preferential stimulation of CNS-specific CD8 T cells using Listeria-encoded neuroantigen Full Text available with Trip Pro

Suppression of autoimmune demyelinating disease by preferential stimulation of CNS-specific CD8 T cells using Listeria-encoded neuroantigen CD8 T-cells predominate in CNS lesions of MS patients and display oligoclonal expansion. However, the role of myelin-specific CD8 T-cells in disease remains unclear, with studies showing protective and pathogenic roles in EAE. We demonstrated a disease-suppressive function for CNS-specific CD8 T-cells in a model where the antigen is exogenously administered (...) in vivo and used for in vitro activation. To probe the nature of the CD8 response elicited by endogenously presented myelin antigens in vivo, we developed a novel approach utilizing infection with Listeria monocytogenes (LM) encoding proteolipid protein peptide (PLP) amino acids 178-191 (LM-PLP). LM-PLP infection preferentially induced PLP-specific CD8 T-cell responses. Despite the induction of PLP-specific CD8 T-cells, LM-PLP infection did not result in disease. In fact, LM-PLP infection resulted

2017 Scientific reports

106. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Treatment Outcomes among Adults with Stimulant Use Disorders after a Dosed Exercise Intervention Full Text available with Trip Pro

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Treatment Outcomes among Adults with Stimulant Use Disorders after a Dosed Exercise Intervention The current study examined differences in substance abuse treatment outcomes among racial and ethnic groups enrolled in the Stimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) trial, a multisite randomized clinical trial implemented through the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA's) Clinical Trials Network (CTN). STRIDE aimed to test vigorous exercise (...) as a novel approach to the treatment of stimulant abuse compared to a health education intervention. A hurdle model with a complier average causal effects (CACE) adjustment was used to provide an unbiased estimate of the exercise effect had all participants been adherent to exercise. Among 214 exercise-adherent participants, we found significantly lower probability of use for Blacks (z = -2.45, p = .014) and significantly lower number of days of use for Whites compared to Hispanics (z = -54.87, p = <.001

2017 Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse Controlled trial quality: uncertain

107. SNORAP: A Device for the Correction of Impaired Sleep Health by Using Tactile Stimulation for Individuals with Mild and Moderate Sleep Disordered Breathing Full Text available with Trip Pro

SNORAP: A Device for the Correction of Impaired Sleep Health by Using Tactile Stimulation for Individuals with Mild and Moderate Sleep Disordered Breathing Sleep physiology and sleep hygiene play significant roles in maintaining the daily lives of individuals given that sleep is an important physiological need to protect the functions of the human brain. Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is an important disease that disturbs this need. Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS (...) we named SNORAP) were applied to five volunteer patients (male, mean age: 33.2, body mass index mean: 29.3). After receiving the sound in real time with the microphone, the snoring sound was detected by using the Audio Fingerprint method with a success rate of 98.9%. According to the results obtained, the severity and the number of the snoring of the patients using SNORAP were found to be significantly lower than in the experimental conditions in the apnea hypopnea index (AHI), apnea index

2017 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

108. Using Electrical Stimulation to Enhance the Efficacy of Cell Transplantation Therapies for Neurodegenerative Retinal Diseases: Concepts, Challenges, and Future Perspectives Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using Electrical Stimulation to Enhance the Efficacy of Cell Transplantation Therapies for Neurodegenerative Retinal Diseases: Concepts, Challenges, and Future Perspectives Disease or trauma-induced loss or dysfunction of neurons in any central nervous system (CNS) tissue will have a significant impact on the health of the affected patient. The retina is a multilayered tissue that originates from the neuroectoderm, much like the brain and spinal cord. While sight is not required for life (...) evaluation of endogenous retinal stem cells and the differentiation of exogenous adult stem cells into various retinal cell types, suggest that this may be the most appropriate option to replace lost retinal neurons. Unfortunately, the various limitations of CT, such as immune rejection or aberrant cell behavior, have largely prevented this technique from becoming a widely used clinical treatment option. In parallel with the advances in CT methodology, the use of electrical stimulation (ES) to treat

2017 Cell transplantation

109. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation to Modulate Top-Down Regulation for Drug Craving in Methamphetamine Use Disorder

underlying drug induced craving. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Amphetamine Use Disorders Device: Active transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Device: Sham transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Phase 1 Phase 2 Detailed Description: Methamphetamine use disorder (MUD) is among the costliest and deadliest substance use disorders (SUDs) world-wide and is frequently comorbid with other mental health conditions. There is no empirically validated medical treatment for MUD (...) mental health conditions. There is no empirically validated medical treatment for MUD. Drug craving is the signature aspect of MUD and other substance use disorders and has been associated with continued drug use and relapse. The investigators and others have shown that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) can modulate drug craving in different SUDs. tDCS is a method of non-invasive brain stimulation and is a low-cost scalable technology without

2017 Clinical Trials

110. What helps and hinders the use of drop foot electrical stimulators in individuals with a neurological condition? A systematic review of qualitative studies and meta-synthesis

What helps and hinders the use of drop foot electrical stimulators in individuals with a neurological condition? A systematic review of qualitative studies and meta-synthesis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) , editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from

2019 PROSPERO

111. Prescription psychostimulants for the treatment of stimulant use disorders in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Prescription psychostimulants for the treatment of stimulant use disorders in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) . No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data

2019 PROSPERO

112. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for alcohol use disorder (AUD): a systematic review

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for alcohol use disorder (AUD): a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web (...) A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome. These decisions may have been made in various stages of the review, e.g. the decision to exclude certain disease models, the decision to pool certain units of measurement for an outcome, the choice of effect measure, how subgroup variables are stratified etc. In order to assess the robustness of the findings of the meta-analysis, the analyses are re-run using the alternative

2019 PROSPERO

113. The use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the intellectual disability and developmental disorders population

The use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the intellectual disability and developmental disorders population Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) . No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data

2019 PROSPERO

114. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Veterans With Alcohol Use Disorders

sobriety is critical because it is associated with the best medical, cognitive, psychiatric, and psychosocial recovery from AUD. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Alcohol Use Disorder Device: Active rTMS Device: Sham rTMS Not Applicable Detailed Description: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of intermittent theta burst repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a treatment for Veterans with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) to decrease the exceedingly high (...) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Veterans With Alcohol Use Disorders Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Veterans With Alcohol Use Disorders - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more

2017 Clinical Trials

115. A Preliminary Investigation of Pre-Frontal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder

, will reduce cue elicited craving, and cue reactivity in treatment seeking cannabis use disordered participants. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Cannabis Use Disorder Device: Active rTMS Device: Sham rTMS Not Applicable Detailed Description: The overarching goal of this proposal is to investigate if a course of excitatory DLPFC rTMS results in reduced cannabis cue-induced craving in treatment seeking individuals with CUD (Aim1). Additionally, the investigators seek to explore (...) rTMS condition that will allow both participants and investigators to be blinded. Primary Purpose: Treatment Official Title: A Preliminary Investigation of Pre-Frontal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder Actual Study Start Date : August 1, 2017 Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2021 Estimated Study Completion Date : April 1, 2021 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go

2017 Clinical Trials

116. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Patients With Opioid Use Disorders

) and tests for potential biomarkers of immune parameters will also be measured during 12-weeks follow up. The study results will provide the important data in whether rTMS add-on methadone maintenance therapy is able to 1) reduce heroin use; 2) reduce craving for heroin; 3) be an effective treatment for OUD, and 4) be associated with improvement in fMRI, biological markers and psychological tests. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Heroin Dependence Device (...) Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Patients With Opioid Use Disorders Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Patients With Opioid Use Disorders - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before

2017 Clinical Trials

117. Conditioned Pain Modulation Using Painful Cutaneous Electrical Stimulation or Simply Habituation?

stimulation. We compared the effects of CPM and habituation on PCES-induced pain and PCES-evoked potentials and analyzed whether increased attention by a random change of electric intensities amplifies the habituation effects. Condition or disease Habituation Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Actual Enrollment : 33 participants Observational Model: Case-Crossover Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional Official Title: Conditioned Pain Modulation Using Painful (...) Conditioned Pain Modulation Using Painful Cutaneous Electrical Stimulation or Simply Habituation? Conditioned Pain Modulation Using Painful Cutaneous Electrical Stimulation or Simply Habituation? - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove

2017 Clinical Trials

118. Use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation to preserve the thickness of abdominal and chest muscles of critically ill patients: A randomized clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation to preserve the thickness of abdominal and chest muscles of critically ill patients: A randomized clinical trial. To evaluate and compare the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with conventional physical therapy on muscle thickness in critically ill patients.Double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Twenty-five patients participated in the study.Patients on mechanical ventilation for 24-48 h were randomized to an intervention (...) group (neuromuscular electrical stimulation + conventional physical therapy) or a conventional group (sham neuromuscular electrical stimulation + conventional physical therapy). Primary outcome was thickness of the rectus abdominis and chest muscles, determined on cross-sectional ultrasound images before and after the intervention.Eleven patients were included in the intervention group and 14 in the conventional group. After neuromuscular electrical stimulation, rectus abdominis muscle thickness

2017 Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

119. What rodent models of deep brain stimulation can teach us about the neural circuit regulation of prepulse inhibition in neuropsychiatric disorders. (Abstract)

What rodent models of deep brain stimulation can teach us about the neural circuit regulation of prepulse inhibition in neuropsychiatric disorders. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is routinely used for treatment of movement disorders and it is also under investigation for neuropsychiatric disorders with deficient sensorimotor gating, such as schizophrenia, Tourette's syndrome and obsessive compulsive disorder. Electrical stimulation induces excitation and inhibition both at the stimulation site (...) the neuronal circuit regulation that is of relevance to PPI and its deficits in neuropsychiatric disorders with disturbed sensorimotor gating. Finally, we report on the use of the PPI paradigm in human patients operated for DBS on/off stimulation, which may further elucidate the neuronal network involved in regulation of PPI.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

2017 Schizophrenia Research

120. Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Alcohol Use Disorder Patients: Effects on Dopamine Transporter Availability and Alcohol Intake. (Abstract)

Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Alcohol Use Disorder Patients: Effects on Dopamine Transporter Availability and Alcohol Intake. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may affect neuro-adaptations associated with alcohol use disorder (AUD), potentially influencing craving and alcohol intake. We investigated alcohol intake and dopamine transporter (DAT) availability by Single Photon Emission (...) Computed Tomography (SPECT) in the striatum of AUD patients before and after deep rTMS. Fourteen patients underwent baseline clinical and SPECT assessment. Eleven out of fourteen patients were randomized into two groups for the REAL (n.5) or SHAM (n.6) treatment. Clinical and SPECT evaluations were then carried out after four weeks of rTMS sessions (T1). At baseline, AUD patients showed higher striatal DAT availability than healthy control subjects (HC). Patients receiving the REAL stimulation revealed

2017 European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology

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