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Sports Performance Supplement

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1742. Impacts of After?School Programs on Student Outcomes Full Text available with Trip Pro

that are of particular interest to policymakers—programs that include academic support services—for two main reasons. First, 21 st CCLC grantees are expected to incorporate academic support services into their programming, and it is likely that a large percentage of after‐school programs are now funded with 21 st CCLC grants. Second, as part of the No Child Left Behind legislation, the federal government legislated Supplemental Educational Services (SES), including after‐school programs, to assist students who (...) attend Title I schools not meeting performance goals. Recent Reviews of Evidence There have been six major reviews of research on the impact of out‐of‐school programs that have included programs with an academic focus ( ; ; ; ; ; Scott‐Little, Hamann, & ). 5 compares the methods and conclusions from prior reviews. However, all differ in important ways from this new review. For example, prior reviewers cast a broad net when defining an after‐school program and included programs with a primary focus

2006 Campbell Collaboration

1743. ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 Guidelines for Management of Patients With Ventricular Arrhythmias and the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death

for important cardio- vascular diseases and procedures, directs this effort. The Task Force is pleased to have this guideline developed in conjunction with the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Writing committees are charged with the task of performing an assessment of the evidence and acting as an independent group of authors to develop or update written recommen- dations for clinical practice. Experts in the subject under consideration have been selectedfromall3organizationstoexaminesubject-speci?c (...) data and write guidelines. The process includes additional representatives from other medical practitioner and speci- alty groups when appropriate. Writing committees are speci?cally charged to perform a formal literature review, weigh the strength of evidence for or against a particular treatment or procedure, and include estimates of expected health outcomes where data exist. Patient-speci?c modi- ?ers, comorbidities, and issues of patient preference that might in?uence the choice of particular

2006 European Society of Cardiology

1744. Exercise in migraine therapy. Is there any evidence for efficacy: a critical review

, but the limited search and lack of reporting of review methods and assessment of study quality made it difficult to assess their reliability. Authors' objectives To examine the evidence supporting exercise for patients with migraine. Searching PubMed and Current Contents were searched from 1962 to July 2007 using reported search terms; abstract books and supplements were included in the search. In addition, "current and well-established" international textbooks were screened. Study selection Studies and case (...) reports that evaluated exercise and endurance sports for patients with migraine were eligible for inclusion. Studies evaluating physical treatment, massage, chiropractic therapy, manipulation or multidisciplinary interventions were excluded. Inclusion criteria were not specified for outcomes. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-experimental studies and case series were included. All of the studies evaluated aerobic endurance training programmes with sessions of 20 to 60 minutes two or three

2008 DARE.

1745. Interventions to promote walking: systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

review. BMJ 2007; 334: 1204 PubMedID DOI Original Paper URL Other publications of related interest 1. Data supplement containing further details of methods and results to accompany the paper: Ogilvie D, Foster CE, Rothnie H, Cavill N, Hamilton V, Fitzsimons CF, Mutrie N. Interventions to promote walking: systematic review. Available from: [accessed 24/07/2014]. 2. Foster C, Hillsdon M. Changing the environment to promote health enhancing physical activity. J Sports Sci 2004;22:755-69. 3. National (...) included in the review Studies involving any type of participant except for those focused on trained athletes or sports students were eligible. Participants included sedentary, inactive, low active and physically active individuals with or without medical co-morbidities. The participants belonged to various social backgrounds and included households, city residents, primary school students, students and employees. Outcomes assessed in the review All studies which reported a specific measure of walking

2007 DARE.

1746. Interventions to increase walking behavior Full Text available with Trip Pro

or individually tailored mediated interventions on a population level. Funding National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD43447); National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (HL69866, HL64342). Bibliographic details Williams DM, Matthews CE, Rutt C, Napolitano MA, Marcus BH. Interventions to increase walking behavior. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2008; 40(7 Supplement): S567-S573 PubMedID DOI Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Health Behavior (...) intervention or in addition to an intervention. Trials included one or more walking intervention compared with each other and/or a control. The inclusion criteria for outcomes were not explicitly stated, but in included trials the outcomes were self-reported changes in the amount of walking. Participants in the included studies were generally inactive healthy adults between 18 and 80 years of age. The authors did not state how the papers were selected for review nor how many reviewers performed

2008 DARE.

1747. A systematic review of the evidence for incentive schemes to encourage positive health and other social behaviours in young people

and crime-related behaviour (p 70). Particular examples referred to in the report are the Karrot project in London, where 11- to 16-year-olds are provided with a range of sport, art, drama and music activities and a reward scheme, with the aim of improving school attendance and ‘good citizenship’; and the Connexions Card, available to all 16- to 19-year-olds in England, which enables young people to collect points for learning and development activities that can be exchanged for rewards. The White Paper

2006 EPPI Centre

1748. National tobacco control policies: do they have a differential social impact?

the effects of policy changes before and after new regulations are introduced. One major project exploring policy effectiveness as well as providing an evidence base for the FCTC is the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC project). This is exploring the effect of FCTC policy changes on smokers across 15 ix countries. Recent findings from the study have been published in a special supplement of the journal Tobacco Control x , and overall it concluded that the FTCT policies (...) of the pack to contain one of two messages with 40% of the back containing one of 14 rotating warnings. 1.3.2 Advertising and Marketing Restrictions Although tobacco advertising on television has been banned in most countries since the 1960’s, other forms of tobacco promotion have been allowed to continue. These forms of promotion include billboard, magazine and newspaper advertising as well as direct mail, price promotions, coupon schemes and sports and arts sponsorship. Indeed, even although

2006 Public Health Research Consortium

1749. Assessing the challenges of applying standard methods of economic evaluation to public health programmes

underlying the various forms of economic evaluation, and their appropriateness for assessing public health interventions. In all cases a cost-consequences analysis should be performed, prior to proceeding to the valuation of the various outcomes of public health interventions. Research should be conducted into the practicalities of applying the intersectoral compensation test approach. Research should also continue both into the development of a more generic measure of wellbeing, that could be applied (...) the QALY remains the primary measure of health outcome, it can be supplemented by a ‘cost-consequence’ approach in order to take account of the complexity and multidimensional character of public health interventions. This allows explicit consideration of multiple, non-health related and/or outcomes that are 20 difficult to quantify. It also means that issues such as equity and distribution, which are key to public health policy, can be used to inform the analysis.(7) 1.4 Reviews of economic evaluation

2006 Public Health Research Consortium

1750. Diagnostic arthroplasty for conditions of the knee

and reference test among consecutive or non-consecutive patients. Diagnostic performance outcomes examined included specificity, sensitivity, likelihood ratios and predictive values. Safety outcomes examined included pain, patholaxity, complications related to anaesthesia, haemarthrosis, infection, deep vein thrombosis and knee stiffness. Methods Studies were identified by searching BMJ Clinical Evidence, the York (UK) Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD), the Cochrane Library, PubMed and EMBASE from (...) reviews are summarised below. 1. For meniscal lesions and ACL tears, MRI is an effective diagnostic tool when compared to diagnostic arthroscopy. In particular, MRI has a high specificity and negative predictive value, suggesting that screening MRI studies can effectively rule out the presence of meniscal lesions and ACL tears and reduce the number of unnecessary diagnostic arthroscopies performed. MRI is useful in situations where the results of a clinical examination are uncertain

2008 Publication 80

1751. Clinical Guideline on the Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

, antidepressants and NSAIDs), nutritional supplements, phonophoresis, smoking cessation, systemic steroid injection, therapeutic touch, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), weight reduction, yoga. (Inconclusive, Level II and V) Recommendation 5 We recommend surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome by complete division of the flexor retinaculum regardless of the specific surgical technique. (Grade A, Level I and II) Recommendation 6 We suggest that surgeons do not routinely use the following procedures when performing (...) after three voting rounds, no recommendation is adopted. ARTICLE INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed a priori. Articles were retrieved and included only if they met these specific inclusion and exclusion criteria (see Appendix II: Article Inclusions and Exclusions). Supplemental searches were conducted to identify national rates and other information relevant to performance measures. Work Group members were given the opportunity to supplement the searches

2008 Congress of Neurological Surgeons

1752. Nursing Care of Dyspnea:The 6th Vital Sign in Individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

directed at practice settings and the environment in order to facilitate nurses’ practice and (4) Evaluation and monitoring indicators. It is acknowledged that individual competencies of nurses vary between nurses and across categories of nursing professionals (RNs and RPNs) and are based on knowledge, skills, attitudes and judgement enhanced over time by experience and education. It is expected that individual nurses will perform only those aspects of care for which they have received appropriate (...) (2001). Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and World Health Organization Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD): Executive summary. Respiratory Care, 46(8), 798-825. Veterans Health Administration (2000). VHA/DOD clinical practice guideline for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clinical Practice Guidelines Office of Quality and Performance

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

1753. Care and Maintenance to Reduce Vascular Access Complications

Nurses will select a peripheral insertion site appropriate for the required therapy IV and with the least risk of complication. Site and Catheter Care Safety/Infection 2.0 Nurses will prevent the spread of infection by following routine practices and IV Prevention Control using additional precautions. Skin Antisepsis 3.0 Nurses will consider the following factors when performing catheter site care IV using aseptic technique: ¦ Catheter material (composition); ¦ Antiseptic solution; and ¦ Client’s (...) access devices? It is acknowledged that the individual competencies of nurses varies between nurses and across categories of nursing professionals (RPNs and RNs) and are based on knowledge, skills, attitudes, critical analysis andCare and Maintenance to Reduce Vascular Access Complications 14 decision making which are enhanced over time by experience and education. It is expected that individual nurses will perform only those aspects of care and maintenance for vascular access devices for which

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

1754. Eating disorders toolkit, a practice based guide to the inpatient management of adolescents with eating disorders, with special reference to regional and rural areas

and will depend, in part, on their level of insight to the illness as well as their medical and psychological status at the time. Parent or carer input is required to validate or supplement some of the interview findings. ? Involve the patient and family in assessment, treatment and discharge planning. ? Adolescents are still growing and developing. Physical consequences of the eating disorder may be irreversible, though may be treatable if intervention is timely. ? See Appendix 5 for examples of psychometric (...) , difficulties) Eating Disorders Toolkit - Assessment and Treatment Planning 18 PAST AND CO-MORBID PSYCHIATRIC HISTORY 1. Past psychiatric history and treatment 2. Co-morbid conditions (mood and anxiety disorders are common) 3. Other psychological history including neglect, trauma, depression, self-harm, suicidal thoughts and bullying 4. Personality traits (e.g., perfectionism, obsessiveness) SOCIAL AND FAMILY HISTORY 1. Personal interests (e.g., hobbies, sport, recreations) and strengths 2. History

2008 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1755. Opioid prescription in chronic pain conditions guidelines for South Australian general practitioners

, and diversion. By establishing treatment expectations for each patient, and structuring therapy appropriately, GPs can identify these patients who are at risk, help those who may need controls to manage the therapy responsibly, and provide monitoring necessary for safe and effective prescribing. GPs should consider the following approaches in developing a universal precautions approach: 1. In assessing patients for opioid therapy, take a detailed history and perform an appropriate physical examination (...) in function may be demonstrated by improved sleep patterns, and ability to relieve incident pain by resting and waiting for the pain to ease over time. It is rare for complete pain relief to occur. For some patients, pain relief may be meaningful when specific tasks can be performed, mood improves, sleep is better, or relationships with others can occur. The monitoring of pain intensity is important but the GP needs to assess all activities of daily living in an effort to understand the overall effects

2008 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

1756. Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health

. The appropriate type of activity is best determined by the individual’s preferences and what will be sustained. Exercise, or a structured program of activity, is a subset of activity that may encourage interest and allow for more vigorous activity. People who perform more formal exercise (i.e., structured or planned exercise programs) can accumulate this daily total through a variety of recreational or sports activities. People who are currently sedentary or minimally active should grad­ ually build up (...) , epidemiology, exercise physiology, geriatrics, nutrition, pediatrics, public health, and sports medicine presented data to the panel and a conference audience of 600. Evidence The literature was searched through Medline and an exten­ sive bibliography of references was provided to the panel and the conference audience. Experts prepared abstracts with relevant citations from the literature. Scientific evidence was given precedence over clinical anecdotal experience. Consensus Process The panel, answering

1995 NIH Consensus Statements

1757. Exercise for female osteoporosis: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials

; regular training of the deltoid muscle; upper limb exercises; undefined exercise; low-intensity non-loading exercise; and no exercise controls. Regimes with and without concomitant drug therapies were included. Concomitant drug therapy included oestrogen (0.625 mg/day), oestrogen and progesterone replacements, placebo, and calcium supplements. The intervention periods ranged from 7 months to 4 years. Participants included in the review The groups of female participants included were: postmenopausal (...) mass; and those with low bone density. Outcomes assessed in the review The following outcomes were assessed in the primary studies: bone density; bone mass of the trunk and upper thighs; strength of back extensor muscle; muscle strength; calcium homeostasis; back pain; back pain intensity; cardiovascular performance; dynamic balance; functional fitness; well-being; and the number of falls. Bone density measurements included the radius, forearm, non-dominant forearm, spine, lumbar spine, femoral

1998 DARE.

1758. Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety

stated that future studies should carefully document the exercise dose and examine the relation of treatment outcomes with cardiorespiratory and/or muscular fitness. In addition, the authors provide a 5-point list of issues that should be resolved in future studies. Bibliographic details Dunn A L, Trivedi M H, O'Neal H A. Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2001; 33(Supplement 6): S587-S597 PubMedID Indexing Status (...) . Outcomes assessed in the review Studies that measured the effects of physical activity on symptoms of anxiety and depression were eligible. Studies that only examined the acute effects of exercise were excluded. Studies that did not specify the methods used to measure the anxiety and depression outcomes were excluded. How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made? The authors did not state how the papers were selected for the review, or how many reviewers performed the selection

2001 DARE.

1759. A systematic overview of the effectiveness of physical therapy intervention on soft tissue neck injury following trauma

1985 to 1997. The keywords used were 'physical therapy', 'intervention', 'whiplash', 'cervical strain', 'neck', 'pain' and 'treatment'. The authors also reviewed the reference lists of the identified articles. Four key journals were handsearched back one year. These included Spine, Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy, Manual Therapy, and Journal of Manipulative Therapeutics. Relevant references (going back to 1980) from each paper were also reviewed. Study selection Study designs (...) not state how the data were extracted for the review, or how many of the reviewers performed the data extraction. Methods of synthesis How were the studies combined? A qualitative, narrative synthesis was undertaken. Publication bias was not assessed. How were differences between studies investigated? The authors stated that the studies were too different to pool results in a meta-analysis, but no formal statistical test of heterogeneity was performed. Results of the review Of the 320 articles

2000 DARE.

1760. Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomised controlled trials

training using weights machine; endurance training using stationary bicycles; combination of strength and endurance training; and strength and balance retraining exercise, as prescribed and modified by a physiotherapist. Exercise sessions included one-to-one and group activities, sessions conducted both under supervision and self-supervised, and sessions conducted at centres and at home. Cointerventions included home visits, phone calls encouraging continuance of activities, and calcium supplements (...) , adverse effects, costs and cost-effectiveness of interventions. How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made? The authors do not state how the papers were selected for the review, or how many of the reviewers performed the selection. Assessment of study quality Validity was not formally assessed, although issues such as randomisation and blinding were considered. Data extraction The authors do not state how the data were extracted for the review, or how many of the reviewers performed

2000 DARE.

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