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Sports Performance Supplement

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1721. Vegetable Consumption in Relation to Health

. Dietary Supplement: Vegetables 200 or 50 grams of vegetables daily for four weeks Active Comparator: Weight loss interventio Consumption of - 1000 kcal daily, for four weeks to be used as a positive control for the vegetables interventions. Dietary Supplement: energy restriction Consume about 1000 kcal less daily, for four weeks, as a positive control to the vegetables interventions. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Investigate whether the maximal exercise performance test is a good (...) and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00959790 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : August 17, 2009 Last Update Posted : February 28, 2012 Sponsor: TNO Collaborator: Netherlands: Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports Information provided by (Responsible Party): W.J. Pasman, TNO Study Details Study

2009 Clinical Trials

1722. A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen. Maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp) is consumed both as a sports supplement by strength and endurance athletes, and as a natural stimulant to enhance sexual drive. However, whether or not the postulated benefits of maca consumption are of scientific merit is not yet known. The aim of the study was therefore to investigate the effect of 14 days maca supplementation on endurance performance (...) and sexual desire in trained male cyclists.Eight participants each completed a 40 km cycling time trial before and after 14 days supplementation with both maca extract (ME) and placebo, in a randomised cross-over design. Subjects also completed a sexual desire inventory during each visit.ME administration significantly improved 40 km cycling time performance compared to the baseline test (P=0.01), but not compared to the placebo trial after supplementation (P>0.05). ME administration significantly

2009 Journal of Ethnopharmacology

1723. Dietary quercetin supplementation is not ergogenic in untrained men. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dietary quercetin supplementation is not ergogenic in untrained men. Quercetin supplementation increases muscle oxidative capacity and endurance in mice, but its ergogenic effect in humans has not been established. Our study investigates the effects of short-duration chronic quercetin supplementation on muscle oxidative capacity; metabolic, perceptual, and neuromuscular determinants of performance in prolonged exercise; and cycling performance in untrained men. Using a double-blind, pretest (...) following cycling were measured before and after 7-16 days of supplementation with 1 g/day of quercetin in a sports hydration beverage or a placebo beverage. Pretreatment-to-posttreatment changes in phosphocreatine recovery time constant, Vo(2peak,) substrate utilization, and perception of effort during submaximal exercise, total work done during the 10-min maximal effort cycling trial, and voluntary and electrically evoked strength loss were not significantly different (P > 0.05) in the quercetin

2009 Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1724. The effect of galactose supplementation on endurance cycling performance. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of galactose supplementation on endurance cycling performance. This study tested the hypothesis that supplementation with galactose before and during endurance exercise would spare carbohydrate (CHO), optimize fat utilization and improve performance compared with a typical sports drink formulation.Nine well-trained cyclists undertook three trials, each consisting of 120 min at 65 VO(2max) followed immediately by a set work, self-paced time trial (TT). Three treatments, allocated (...) workload exercise.Mean TT power output was significantly less in Gal compared with Gluc/Gal (P=0.030). Blood glucose and insulin concentrations were lower, and free fatty acids higher in Gal compared with Gluc/Gal and Gluc/Fru. Respiratory exchange ratio was not significantly different between trials.Ingestion of an 8% galactose-only solution (12.5 ml per kg body wt per h) is detrimental to endurance performance compared with equivalent volumes of iso-osmotic solutions containing 50% galactose/50

2009 European journal of clinical nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1725. Pycnogenol

, and stocking in chronic venous insufficiency. Int J Angiol. 2015 Dec;24:268-74. Epub 2015 Jul 15. . Taxon: Pinus pinaster Aiton. U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. Available at: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?28525. Accessed May 29, 2018. Vinciguerra G, Belcaro G, Bonanni E, et al. Evaluation of the effects of supplementation with Pycnogenol on fitness in normal subjects with the Army Physical Fitness Test and in performances of athletes in the 100-minute triathlon. J Sports (...) M, Belcaro G, Saggino A, Luzzi R, Dugall M, Feragalli B. Pycnogenol supplementation in minimal cognitive dysfunction. J Nuerosurg Sci. 2018 Jun;62:279-284. . Belcaro G, Dugall M, Ippolito E, Hus S, Saggino A, Feragalli B. The COFU3 Study. Improvement in cognitive function, attention, mental performance with Pycnogenol in healthy subjects (55-70) with high oxidative stress. J Neurosurg Sci 2015 Dec;59:437-46. Belcaro G, Dugall M. Preservation of muscular mass and strength in aged subjects

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1726. Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

. Strahlenther.Onkol. 2011;187:485-491. . Mets, M. A., Ketzer, S., Blom, C., van Gerven, M. H., van Willigenburg, G. M., Olivier, B., and Verster, J. C. Positive effects of Red Bull(R) Energy Drink on driving performance during prolonged driving. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2011;214:737-745. . Ivy, J. L., Kammer, L., Ding, Z., Wang, B., Bernard, J. R., Liao, Y. H., and Hwang, J. Improved cycling time-trial performance after ingestion of a caffeine energy drink. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2009;19:61-78. . Plesofsky (...) -Vig N. Pantothenic acid. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th ed. Malvern, PA: Lea & Febiger, 1994. Anon. Calcium pantothenate in arthritic conditions. A report from the General Practitioner Research Group. Practitioner 1980;224:208-11. . Webster MJ. Physiological and performance responses to supplementation with thiamin and pantothenic acid derivatives. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1998;77:486-91. . Arnold LE, Christopher J, Huestis RD, Smeltzer DJ

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1727. Blue-Green Algae

, Kabore F, Zongo F, et al. Nutrition rehabilitation of undernourished children utilizing Spiruline and Misola. Nutr J 2006;5:3. . Baicus C, Baicus A. Spirulina did not ameliorate idiopathic chronic fatigue in four N-of-1 randomized controlled trials.Phytother Res 2007;21:570-3. . Kalafati M, Jamurtas AZ, Nikolaidis MG, et al. Ergogenic and antioxidant effects of spirulina supplementation in humans. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2010;42:142-51. . Baicus C, Tanasescu C. Chronic viral hepatitis, the treatment (...) Blue-Green Algae Blue-Green Algae: MedlinePlus Supplements The navigation menu has been collapsed. Menu Show Search Search MedlinePlus GO You Are Here: → → → Blue-Green Algae URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/923.html Blue-Green Algae To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. What is it? "Blue-green algae" refers to several species of bacteria that produce blue-green colored pigments. They grow in salt water and some large fresh water lakes

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1728. L-Arginine

Dichloride, L-Arginine HCl, L-Arginine Hexanoate, L-Arginine Hydrochloride, L-Arginine Ketoisocaproic Acid, L-Arginine L-Pyroglutamate, L-Arginine Pyroglutamate, L-Arginine Taurinate, Malate de Di-Arginine, Orotate de Di-Arginine, R-Gene 10. Methodology To learn more about how this article was written, please see the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database . References Aguiar AF, Balvedi MC, Buzzachera CF, et al. L-Arginine supplementation does not enhance blood flow and muscle performance in healthy (...) and physically active older women. Eur J Nutr. 2016;55:2053-62. . Camarena Pulido EE, García Benavides L, Panduro Barón JG, et al. Efficacy of L-arginine for preventing preeclampsia in high-risk pregnancies: A double-blind, randomized, clinical trial. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2016;35:217-25. . Pahlavani N, Entezari MH, Nasiri M, et al. The effect of l-arginine supplementation on body composition and performance in male athletes: a double-blinded randomized clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017;71:544-548

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1729. Phosphate Salts

1;8:591-9. . Brewer CP, Dawson B, Wallman KE, Guelfi KJ. Effect of repeated sodium phosphate loading on cycling time-trial performance and VO2peak. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2013 Apr;23:187-94. . Buck CL, Wallman KE, Dawson B, Guelfi KJ. Sodium phosphate as an ergogenic aid. Sports Med. 2013 Jun;43:425-35. . Buck CL, Dawson B, Guelfi KJ, McNaughton L, Wallman KE. Sodium phosphate supplementation and time trial performance in female cyclists. J Sports Sci Med. 2014 Sep 1;13:469-75. . Brewer CP (...) , Dawson B, Wallman KE, Guelfi KJ. Effect of Sodium Phosphate Supplementation on Cycling Time Trial Performance and VO2 1 and 8 Days Post Loading. J Sports Sci Med. 2014 Sep 1;13:529-34. . West JS, Ayton T, Wallman KE, Guelfi KJ. The effect of 6 days of sodium phosphate supplementation on appetite, energy intake, and aerobic capacity in trained men and women. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2012 Dec;22:422-9. . van Vugt van Pinxteren MW, van Kouwen MC, van Oijen MG, van Achterberg T, Nagengast FM

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1730. Chronic Pain

-methionine (SAMe) for knee osteoarthritis pain have had conflicting results. There isn’t enough research on dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) for osteoarthritis pain to allow conclusions to be reached. For more information, see the NCCIH fact sheet on . Rheumatoid arthritis The amount of research on mind and body practices for rheumatoid arthritis pain is too small for conclusions to be reached about their effectiveness. Dietary supplements containing omega-3 fatty acids , gamma (...) of tai chi, yoga, mindfulness, and biofeedback for fibromyalgia symptoms have had promising results, the evidence is too limited to allow definite conclusions to be reached about whether these approaches are helpful. There is insufficient evidence that any natural products can relieve fibromyalgia pain, with the possible exception of vitamin D supplements, which may reduce pain in people with fibromyalgia who have low vitamin D levels. Studies of homeopathy have not demonstrated that it is beneficial

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1731. Carnitine

to improve performance. However, twenty years of research finds no consistent evidence that carnitine supplements can improve exercise or physical performance in healthy subjects—at doses ranging from 2–6 grams/day administered for 1 to 28 days [ ]. (The total body content of carnitine is about 20 grams in a man weighing 155 pounds, almost all of it in the skeletal muscle [ ].) For example, carnitine supplements do not appear to increase the body's use of oxygen or improve metabolic status when (...) more and improved their performance on memory-requiring tasks. At present there are no equivalent studies of this kind in humans. However, a meta-analysis of double-blind, placebo-controlled studies suggests that supplements of acetyl-L-carnitine may improve mental function and reduce deterioration in older adults with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease [ ]. In these studies, subjects took 1.5–3.0 grams/day of acetyl-L-carnitine for 3–12 months. Cardiovascular and peripheral arterial

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1732. Ephedra and Ephedrine Alkaloids

ephedra species) in the United States in 2004. It was an ingredient in some dietary supplements marketed for weight loss, increased energy, and enhanced athletic performance. The dried stems and leaves of the ephedra plant have been used to create capsules, tablets, extracts, and teas. How Much Do We Know? A large amount of research led to ephedrine alkaloids becoming main oral asthma medications in the 1940s and 1950s. Ephedra also has been used as a weight-loss agent and energy enhancer for athletic (...) performance. However, the increasing number of reported adverse events caused the FDA to ban dietary supplements that contain ephedrine alkaloids. What Have We Learned? According to the FDA, there is little evidence of ephedra’s effectiveness, except for short-term weight loss. However, the increased risk of heart problems and stroke outweighs any benefits. What Do We Know About Safety? The FDA banned the U.S. sale of dietary supplements containing ephedrine alkaloids. It found that these supplements had

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1733. Children, Alternative Therapies

complementary health approaches vary in age and health status. For example: About 10 percent of infants are given teas or botanical supplements, usually for fussiness or stomach problems. About 40 percent of children aged 2 to 8 are given dietary supplements containing vitamins or minerals. However, that age group generally eats a nutritionally adequate diet. Teens are particularly likely to use products that claim to improve sports performance, increase energy levels, or promote weight loss. Children (...) for Children The 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) included a comprehensive survey on the use of complementary health approaches by almost 45,000 Americans, including more than 10,000 children aged 4 to 17. The survey found that 11.6 percent of the children had used or been given some form of complementary health product or practice, such as yoga or dietary supplements, during the past year. Data from the found that from 2012 to 2017 the use of yoga and meditation in the past 12 months

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1734. Physical activity in the workplace

of the need to encourage healthier lifestyles and the government has set specific targets to increase physical activity levels (Department of Culture, Media and Sport 2002; DH 2004; Health Development Agency 2004; House of Commons Health Committee 2004; Wanless 2004). Physical activity is essential for good health (DH 2004). Increasing activity levels will help prevent and manage over 20 conditions and diseases including cancer, coronary heart disease, diabetes and obesity. It can also help to promote (...) : Employers in businesses of all sizes, in the private, statutory and voluntary sectors, to improve the health of their employees. Improved employee health and wellbeing may lead to reduced sickness absence and increased productivity among the workforce. NHS organisations meet DH standards for public health as set out in the seventh domain of Standards for better health (updated in 2006). Performance against these standards is assessed by the Healthcare Commission and forms part of the annual health check

2008 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

1735. Antenatal care for uncomplicated pregnancies

screening tests are being performed. This allows enough time for treatment if anaemia is detected. 1.6.1.2 Haemoglobin levels outside the normal UK range for pregnancy (that is, 11 g/ 100 ml at first contact and 10.5 g/100 ml at 28 weeks) should be investigated and iron supplementation considered if indicated. 1.6.2 1.6.2 Blood grouping and red-cell alloantibodies Blood grouping and red-cell alloantibodies 1.6.2.1 Women should be offered testing for blood group and rhesus D status in early pregnancy (...) decisions about their care. This information should include where they will be seen and who will undertake their care. [2008] [2008] Lifestyle consider Lifestyle considerations ations All women should be informed at the booking appointment about the importance for their own and their baby's health of maintaining adequate vitamin D stores during pregnancy and whilst breastfeeding. In order to achieve this, women should be advised to take a vitamin D supplement (10 micrograms of vitamin D per day

2008 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

1736. Glycogen synthesis after road cycling in the fed state. (Abstract)

Glycogen synthesis after road cycling in the fed state. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a recovery beverage immediately after exercise on rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis in response to road cycling when nutritional supplementation was supplied during exercise and a solid meal was served two hours after exercise. Eight trained male cyclists, (25+/-4 years, 69.3+/-5.2 kg, VO2 peak=4.5+/-0.4 L.min(-1)) performed two 62 km outdoor training rides in a double-blind (...) , randomized cross-over experiment. Subjects received a food bar and a commercial sport drink during each ride. A recovery beverage (40 g CHO+20 g PRO) or a placebo (PL) was administered 30 min post-exercise. At 2 h post-exercise, a solid meal was provided for both trials. There was no difference between trials at any time point for glycogen (140+/-9, 56+/-8, and 70+/-8 mmol.kg(-1)wet wt.(-1).hr.(-1) for pre, post, and 4 h post, respectively). The addition of a supplemental recovery beverage ingested soon

2009 International Journal of Sports Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1737. Canadian clinical practice guidelines on the management and prevention of obesity in adults and children

. A, supplemented by key points from rele- vant chapters, we recommend the following interventions. Measurement of BMI and waist circumference Rationale: Measuring BMI and waist circumference is an essen- tial first step to determine the level and distribution of adiposity and is a grade A recommendation when screening for over- weight and obesity in individuals. These measures are straight- forward and easy to perform. The measurement of BMI (weight divided by height squared) and waist circumference can (...) and prevention at the individual and population levels. The recommendations are based on a prespecified process that was overseen by the Steering Committee. Specific chap- ters of the guidelines were delegated to a group of content experts within the Expert Panel, who performed a systematic literature review and were responsible for drafting the recom- mendations for each chapter. Recommendations were appraised by an independent Evidence-based Review Com- mittee, members of which assessed whether

2007 CPG Infobase

1738. Cholestagel - colesevelam

development, sensory/ reflex development, behaviour, and reproductive performance. 1 ) gp 1 received basal diet, gp2 received cellulose at 2 g/kg/day (cellulose control) 2 ) gp 1 received basal diet and gp 2 received cellulose at 3 g/kg/day (cellulose control) 3 ) dose depicted is the total daily dose. Dams were dosed twice a day with half of the total daily dose. No treatment-related adverse effects were found in the reproductive toxicity studies. This is not surprising as colesevelam does not reach (...) the plasma. The only effect observed is the known effect on food consumption and body weight gain when colesevelam was administered to the animals via the diet. Local tolerance No local tolerance studies have been performed by the applicant. By virtue of its route of administration, colesevelam might induce local adverse effects in the (gastro)intestinal tract. However, macroscopic and histopathological evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract of animals after repeated dosing with colesevelam revealed

2005 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

1739. Financial Benefits for Child Health and Well?Being in Low Income or Socially Disadvantaged Families in Developed World Countries Full Text available with Trip Pro

), Florida Transition Program (FTP), New Hope, Jobs First in Connecticut, Welfare Restructuring Project in Vermont (WRP) and Self‐Sufficiency Project in New Brunswick & British Columbia (SSP)). One study was a teenage pregnancy reduction study (Dollar‐a‐day Program ). The welfare reform studies combined cash incentives (e.g. negative taxation, income supplements) with work support or requirement to work along with other changes to provision of welfare payments. Control and comparison groups All studies (...) of involvement with police are given in and while includes parental report of any arrests or convictions. and both record parent‐reported frequency of child involvement in organised activities (clubs, sports and lessons outside of school) although reports this outcome for single parent subsample only. Primary Outcome 3; Oral health None reported, aside from dental check ups in . Secondary Outcome 1; children's psychomotor or cognitive development Three studies used measures of cognitive development in young

2008 Campbell Collaboration

1740. Behavioural and Cognitive Behavioural Training Interventions for Assisting Foster Carers in the Management of Difficult Behaviour Full Text available with Trip Pro

. NOT MET: losses to follow up in excess of 20% OR unevenly distributed between comparison groups. v) Intention‐to‐treat MET: intention‐to‐treat analysis performed or possible with data provided. UNCLEAR: intention‐to‐treat not reported, and cannot be verified by contacting the investigators. NOT MET: intention‐to‐treat analyses not done and not possible with the data provided. Other methodological issues were documented in the data extraction form. 3. Data management The review authors independently (...) of heterogeneity Consistency of results was assessed visually and by examining I 2 ( ), a quantity which describes the approximate proportion of variation in point estimates that is due to heterogeneity rather than sampling error. We supplemented this with the chi‐squared test of heterogeneity, and by comparing results of fixed and random‐effects models. 7. Sensitivity analyses Should sufficient data be available for updates of this review, primary analyses will be based on available data from all included

2007 Campbell Collaboration

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