How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,778 results for

Sports Performance Supplement

Latest & greatest

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1701. Glycogen synthesis after road cycling in the fed state. (PubMed)

Glycogen synthesis after road cycling in the fed state. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a recovery beverage immediately after exercise on rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis in response to road cycling when nutritional supplementation was supplied during exercise and a solid meal was served two hours after exercise. Eight trained male cyclists, (25+/-4 years, 69.3+/-5.2 kg, VO2 peak=4.5+/-0.4 L.min(-1)) performed two 62 km outdoor training rides in a double-blind (...) , randomized cross-over experiment. Subjects received a food bar and a commercial sport drink during each ride. A recovery beverage (40 g CHO+20 g PRO) or a placebo (PL) was administered 30 min post-exercise. At 2 h post-exercise, a solid meal was provided for both trials. There was no difference between trials at any time point for glycogen (140+/-9, 56+/-8, and 70+/-8 wt.(-1).hr.(-1) for pre, post, and 4 h post, respectively). The addition of a supplemental recovery beverage ingested soon

2009 International Journal of Sports Medicine

1702. Caffeine consumption amongst British athletes following changes to the 2004 WADA prohibited list. (PubMed)

and mailing lists to direct athletes to the Web-based questionnaire. Postal questionnaires were distributed at domestic sporting events. A higher proportion of cyclists (59.9 %) compared with track and field athletes (32.6 %) consumed caffeine to enhance performance (p < 0.001). A higher proportion of elite as opposed to sub-elite athletes representing cycling (p = 0.031) and athletics (p = 0.010) used caffeine to enhance performance. Of all caffeine containing products used, coffee, energy drinks (...) , pharmaceutical preparations and caffeinated sports supplements were most prevalent. Results revealed that amongst UK athletes, the intention to use caffeine as an ergogenic aid was high, and that use was more widespread and accepted in competitive sport, especially at elite level, when compared to recreational sport.

2008 International Journal of Sports Medicine

1703. Canadian clinical practice guidelines on the management and prevention of obesity in adults and children

. A, supplemented by key points from rele- vant chapters, we recommend the following interventions. Measurement of BMI and waist circumference Rationale: Measuring BMI and waist circumference is an essen- tial first step to determine the level and distribution of adiposity and is a grade A recommendation when screening for over- weight and obesity in individuals. These measures are straight- forward and easy to perform. The measurement of BMI (weight divided by height squared) and waist circumference can (...) and prevention at the individual and population levels. The recommendations are based on a prespecified process that was overseen by the Steering Committee. Specific chap- ters of the guidelines were delegated to a group of content experts within the Expert Panel, who performed a systematic literature review and were responsible for drafting the recom- mendations for each chapter. Recommendations were appraised by an independent Evidence-based Review Com- mittee, members of which assessed whether

2007 CPG Infobase

1704. Interventions to promote walking: systematic review

review. BMJ 2007; 334: 1204 PubMedID DOI Original Paper URL Other publications of related interest 1. Data supplement containing further details of methods and results to accompany the paper: Ogilvie D, Foster CE, Rothnie H, Cavill N, Hamilton V, Fitzsimons CF, Mutrie N. Interventions to promote walking: systematic review. Available from: [accessed 24/07/2014]. 2. Foster C, Hillsdon M. Changing the environment to promote health enhancing physical activity. J Sports Sci 2004;22:755-69. 3. National (...) included in the review Studies involving any type of participant except for those focused on trained athletes or sports students were eligible. Participants included sedentary, inactive, low active and physically active individuals with or without medical co-morbidities. The participants belonged to various social backgrounds and included households, city residents, primary school students, students and employees. Outcomes assessed in the review All studies which reported a specific measure of walking

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2007 DARE.

1705. ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 Guidelines for Management of Patients With Ventricular Arrhythmias and the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death

for important cardio- vascular diseases and procedures, directs this effort. The Task Force is pleased to have this guideline developed in conjunction with the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Writing committees are charged with the task of performing an assessment of the evidence and acting as an independent group of authors to develop or update written recommen- dations for clinical practice. Experts in the subject under consideration have been selectedfromall3organizationstoexaminesubject-speci?c (...) data and write guidelines. The process includes additional representatives from other medical practitioner and speci- alty groups when appropriate. Writing committees are speci?cally charged to perform a formal literature review, weigh the strength of evidence for or against a particular treatment or procedure, and include estimates of expected health outcomes where data exist. Patient-speci?c modi- ?ers, comorbidities, and issues of patient preference that might in?uence the choice of particular

2006 European Society of Cardiology

1706. Clinical practice guidelines for the psychosocial care of adults with cancer

especially when these pose emotional stress. Participation in communication skills training also appears to be a valuable strategy, given evidence that those health professionals who feel insufficiently trained in communication and management skills have higher levels of stress. 35 It may be necessary for health professionals to challenge unrealistic expectations of professional performance. Investing in interpersonal relationships is likely to improve coping ability, since supportive relationships

2003 National Breast and Ovarian Cancer Centre

1707. Children and physical activity: a systematic review of barriers and facilitators

. All five studies examined children’s views on what stopped them taking part in physical activity. These studies highlighted a total of 20 distinct but interrelated barriers. The 20 barriers clustered around three underlying themes: preferences and priorities (e.g. a preference for doing other things, a lack of spare time); family life and parental support (e.g. parents’ lack of current participation in, or enthusiasm for, sports and exercise); restricted access to opportunities for participation (...) in sport or exercise (e.g. cost, particularly for children from families with a low income; distance, particular for children from rural areas; lack of means for safe travel; lack of facilities) and participating in unstructured forms of physical activity (e.g. busy traffic; threat of crime; threat of intimidation by older children; and neglect of local play areas). Four of the five studies also examined children’s views about what helped them to take part in physical activity. A total of 14 distinct

2003 EPPI Centre

1708. A systematic review of the evidence for incentive schemes to encourage positive health and other social behaviours in young people

and crime-related behaviour (p 70). Particular examples referred to in the report are the Karrot project in London, where 11- to 16-year-olds are provided with a range of sport, art, drama and music activities and a reward scheme, with the aim of improving school attendance and ‘good citizenship’; and the Connexions Card, available to all 16- to 19-year-olds in England, which enables young people to collect points for learning and development activities that can be exchanged for rewards. The White Paper

2006 EPPI Centre

1709. Assessing the challenges of applying standard methods of economic evaluation to public health programmes

underlying the various forms of economic evaluation, and their appropriateness for assessing public health interventions. In all cases a cost-consequences analysis should be performed, prior to proceeding to the valuation of the various outcomes of public health interventions. Research should be conducted into the practicalities of applying the intersectoral compensation test approach. Research should also continue both into the development of a more generic measure of wellbeing, that could be applied (...) the QALY remains the primary measure of health outcome, it can be supplemented by a ‘cost-consequence’ approach in order to take account of the complexity and multidimensional character of public health interventions. This allows explicit consideration of multiple, non-health related and/or outcomes that are 20 difficult to quantify. It also means that issues such as equity and distribution, which are key to public health policy, can be used to inform the analysis.(7) 1.4 Reviews of economic evaluation

2006 Public Health Research Consortium

1710. National tobacco control policies: do they have a differential social impact?

the effects of policy changes before and after new regulations are introduced. One major project exploring policy effectiveness as well as providing an evidence base for the FCTC is the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC project). This is exploring the effect of FCTC policy changes on smokers across 15 ix countries. Recent findings from the study have been published in a special supplement of the journal Tobacco Control x , and overall it concluded that the FTCT policies (...) of the pack to contain one of two messages with 40% of the back containing one of 14 rotating warnings. 1.3.2 Advertising and Marketing Restrictions Although tobacco advertising on television has been banned in most countries since the 1960’s, other forms of tobacco promotion have been allowed to continue. These forms of promotion include billboard, magazine and newspaper advertising as well as direct mail, price promotions, coupon schemes and sports and arts sponsorship. Indeed, even although

2006 Public Health Research Consortium

1711. Nursing Care of Dyspnea:The 6th Vital Sign in Individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

directed at practice settings and the environment in order to facilitate nurses’ practice and (4) Evaluation and monitoring indicators. It is acknowledged that individual competencies of nurses vary between nurses and across categories of nursing professionals (RNs and RPNs) and are based on knowledge, skills, attitudes and judgement enhanced over time by experience and education. It is expected that individual nurses will perform only those aspects of care for which they have received appropriate (...) (2001). Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and World Health Organization Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD): Executive summary. Respiratory Care, 46(8), 798-825. Veterans Health Administration (2000). VHA/DOD clinical practice guideline for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clinical Practice Guidelines Office of Quality and Performance

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

1712. Care and Maintenance to Reduce Vascular Access Complications

Nurses will select a peripheral insertion site appropriate for the required therapy IV and with the least risk of complication. Site and Catheter Care Safety/Infection 2.0 Nurses will prevent the spread of infection by following routine practices and IV Prevention Control using additional precautions. Skin Antisepsis 3.0 Nurses will consider the following factors when performing catheter site care IV using aseptic technique: ¦ Catheter material (composition); ¦ Antiseptic solution; and ¦ Client’s (...) access devices? It is acknowledged that the individual competencies of nurses varies between nurses and across categories of nursing professionals (RPNs and RNs) and are based on knowledge, skills, attitudes, critical analysis andCare and Maintenance to Reduce Vascular Access Complications 14 decision making which are enhanced over time by experience and education. It is expected that individual nurses will perform only those aspects of care and maintenance for vascular access devices for which

2005 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

1713. Caregiving Strategies for Older Adults with Delirium, Dementia and Depression

) Organization and Policy recommendations: directed at the practice settings and the environment to facilitate nurses’ practice; (4) Evaluation and monitoring indicators. It is acknowledged that the individual competencies of nurses varies between nurses and across categories of nursing professionals (RNs and RPNs) and are based on knowledge, skills, attitudes, critical analysis, and decision-making which are enhanced over time by experience and education. It is expected that individual nurses will perform

2004 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

1714. Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health

. The appropriate type of activity is best determined by the individual’s preferences and what will be sustained. Exercise, or a structured program of activity, is a subset of activity that may encourage interest and allow for more vigorous activity. People who perform more formal exercise (i.e., structured or planned exercise programs) can accumulate this daily total through a variety of recreational or sports activities. People who are currently sedentary or minimally active should grad­ ually build up (...) , epidemiology, exercise physiology, geriatrics, nutrition, pediatrics, public health, and sports medicine presented data to the panel and a conference audience of 600. Evidence The literature was searched through Medline and an exten­ sive bibliography of references was provided to the panel and the conference audience. Experts prepared abstracts with relevant citations from the literature. Scientific evidence was given precedence over clinical anecdotal experience. Consensus Process The panel, answering

1995 NIH Consensus Statements

1715. Drugs and Sport

in that sport. If the doctor is at fault, there is potential for litigation irrespective of whether the individual is an amateur or professional competitor. To enhance performance : in doing so this could give an unfair advantage. The GMC's stance on this is unequivocal: GMC guidance Doctors who prescribe or collude in the provision of drugs or treatment with the intention of improperly enhancing an individual's performance in sport would be contravening the GMC's guidance and such actions would usually (...) may also be visited by representatives from their governing body for out-of-season testing. Some drugs are permissible when a sportsperson is not competing but not permissible during competition. Others, such as anabolic steroids are banned at all times. Some drugs are banned in some sports but not in others. Banned substances can include alcohol and caffeine above a certain level. Beta-blockers would impair performance of an endurance athlete but suppression of tremor gives unfair advantage

2008 Mentor

1716. A systematic overview of the effectiveness of physical therapy intervention on soft tissue neck injury following trauma

1985 to 1997. The keywords used were 'physical therapy', 'intervention', 'whiplash', 'cervical strain', 'neck', 'pain' and 'treatment'. The authors also reviewed the reference lists of the identified articles. Four key journals were handsearched back one year. These included Spine, Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy, Manual Therapy, and Journal of Manipulative Therapeutics. Relevant references (going back to 1980) from each paper were also reviewed. Study selection Study designs (...) not state how the data were extracted for the review, or how many of the reviewers performed the data extraction. Methods of synthesis How were the studies combined? A qualitative, narrative synthesis was undertaken. Publication bias was not assessed. How were differences between studies investigated? The authors stated that the studies were too different to pool results in a meta-analysis, but no formal statistical test of heterogeneity was performed. Results of the review Of the 320 articles

2000 DARE.

1717. Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety

stated that future studies should carefully document the exercise dose and examine the relation of treatment outcomes with cardiorespiratory and/or muscular fitness. In addition, the authors provide a 5-point list of issues that should be resolved in future studies. Bibliographic details Dunn A L, Trivedi M H, O'Neal H A. Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2001; 33(Supplement 6): S587-S597 PubMedID Indexing Status (...) . Outcomes assessed in the review Studies that measured the effects of physical activity on symptoms of anxiety and depression were eligible. Studies that only examined the acute effects of exercise were excluded. Studies that did not specify the methods used to measure the anxiety and depression outcomes were excluded. How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made? The authors did not state how the papers were selected for the review, or how many reviewers performed the selection

2001 DARE.

1718. Exercise for female osteoporosis: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials

; regular training of the deltoid muscle; upper limb exercises; undefined exercise; low-intensity non-loading exercise; and no exercise controls. Regimes with and without concomitant drug therapies were included. Concomitant drug therapy included oestrogen (0.625 mg/day), oestrogen and progesterone replacements, placebo, and calcium supplements. The intervention periods ranged from 7 months to 4 years. Participants included in the review The groups of female participants included were: postmenopausal (...) mass; and those with low bone density. Outcomes assessed in the review The following outcomes were assessed in the primary studies: bone density; bone mass of the trunk and upper thighs; strength of back extensor muscle; muscle strength; calcium homeostasis; back pain; back pain intensity; cardiovascular performance; dynamic balance; functional fitness; well-being; and the number of falls. Bone density measurements included the radius, forearm, non-dominant forearm, spine, lumbar spine, femoral

1998 DARE.

1719. Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomised controlled trials

training using weights machine; endurance training using stationary bicycles; combination of strength and endurance training; and strength and balance retraining exercise, as prescribed and modified by a physiotherapist. Exercise sessions included one-to-one and group activities, sessions conducted both under supervision and self-supervised, and sessions conducted at centres and at home. Cointerventions included home visits, phone calls encouraging continuance of activities, and calcium supplements (...) , adverse effects, costs and cost-effectiveness of interventions. How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made? The authors do not state how the papers were selected for the review, or how many of the reviewers performed the selection. Assessment of study quality Validity was not formally assessed, although issues such as randomisation and blinding were considered. Data extraction The authors do not state how the data were extracted for the review, or how many of the reviewers performed

2000 DARE.

1720. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of advanced breast cancer

MMM mitozantrone, methotrexate and mitomycin C MRI magnetic resonance imaging NBCC National Breast Cancer Centre NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NSW New South Wales Prn as required PS performance statusviii Clinical practice guidelines for the management of advanced breast cancer QCHOC Quality of Care and Health Outcomes Committee QOL quality of life RCT randomised controlled trial SCF supraclavicular fossa SNRI selective noradrenergic (...) or other medical conditions. Symptoms which affect quality of life include nausea, pain, dyspnoea, tiredness, anorexia, vomiting, constipation, abdominal bloating and lymphoedema. Loss of function may relate to the performance of (or capacity to perform) a variety of activities that are normal for most people. Such activities may include self-care activities (feeding, dressing, bathing), mobility (ability to move indoors/ outdoors), physical activities (walking, lifting, bending) and role activities

2000 Cancer Australia

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>