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Chemical Society (ACS): . A probiotic elixir based on elite athlete poop The news release and a at the ACS meeting had an alluring hook: Certain bacteria show up more often in the poop of elite athletes than in the poop of sedentary people. So researchers theorized that a probiotic elixir containing components of elite athlete poop could help boost athletic performance and become the next hot sports drink. An intriguing concept, for sure. But as Roehr pointed out, there was no published research, so (...) Harvard researchers’ speculative, poop-based sports drink company raises questions about conflicts of interest 'Fitbiomics' raises questions about Harvard conflict of interest policies Note to our followers: Our nearly 13-year run of daily publication of new content on HealthNewsReview.org came to a close at the end of 2018. Publisher Gary Schwitzer and other contributors may post new articles periodically. But all of the 6,000+ articles we have published contain lessons to help you improve
Injury/Illness Management: Ability to address and manage the acute injury or illness associated with the sports activity. Sports Science: Maximizing the athlete’s performance with training in mind, as well as the effects of nutrition and environment on the performance. Medical/Surgical Considerations: Taking care of the medical and surgical considerations of athletes. Injury Prevention: Offering injury and disease prevention for athletes. Critical Inquiry: Maintaining the current knowledge (...) Completing preparticipation physical evaluations for the fall sports season in schools Completing preparticipation physical evaluations for the fall sports season in schools | BJSM blog - social media's leading SEM voice by By Dr. Kristina DeMatas To prepare each student for the fall sports season in the US, a medical professional must carry out a (PPE). This ensures that young athletes are medically able to engage in sports and have a good current health status. The PPE is guided
Society of Sports Nutrition in 2004 and updated in 2010. It presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to optimization of training and performance enhancement through exercise training and nutrition. Notably, due to the accelerated pace and size at which the literature base in this research area grows, the topics discussed will focus on muscle hypertrophy and performance enhancement. As such, this paper provides an overview of: 1.) How ergogenic aids and dietary (...) supplements are defined in terms of governmental regulation and oversight; 2.) How dietary supplements are legally regulated in the United States; 3.) How to evaluate the scientific merit of nutritional supplements; 4.) General nutritional strategies to optimize performance and enhance recovery; and, 5.) An overview of our current understanding of nutritional approaches to augment skeletal muscle hypertrophy and the potential ergogenic value of various dietary and supplemental approaches.This updated
Identification of Factors Associated with Potential Doping Behavior in Sports: A Cross-Sectional Analysis in High-Level Competitive Swimmers Background: Doping behavior, including the misuse of performance-enhancing drugs, is currently a serious problem in sports, and the efficacy of preventive efforts directly depends on information regarding the associations among different precipitating factors (PF) and doping behavior. This study aimed to establish the PF of potential doping behavior (PDB (...) ) in competitive swimmers. Methods: The study included 301 swimmers from Slovenia (153 females, 16.4 ± 2.4 years), tested during the 2017 National Championship. Variables were collected by previously validated questionnaires, which included questions on sociodemographics, sports-related factors, consumption of dietary supplements, knowledge of doping, factors of hesitation, and doping-related factors (i.e., number of doping tests, opinion about the presence of doping in sport). The PDB (positive, neutral
Herbal medicine for sports: a review The use of herbal medicinal products and supplements has increased during last decades. At present, some herbs are used to enhance muscle strength and body mass. Emergent evidence suggests that the health benefits from plants are attributed to their bioactive compounds such as Polyphenols, Terpenoids, and Alkaloids which have several physiological effects on the human body. At times, manufacturers launch numerous products with banned ingredient inside (...) with inappropriate amounts or fake supplement inducing harmful side effect. Unfortunately up to date, there is no guarantee that herbal supplements are safe for anyone to use and it has not helped to clear the confusion surrounding the herbal use in sport field especially. Hence, the purpose of this review is to provide guidance on the efficacy and side effect of most used plants in sport. We have identified plants according to the following categories: Ginseng, alkaloids, and other purported herbal ergogenics
Liver Injury Associated with Sporting Activities. Exertional heat stroke most commonly develops following prolonged levels of aerobic activity in a warm or humid environment. Hypoperfusion of the vital organs along with activation of the inflammasome can lead to progressive and potentially fatal multiorgan failure including acute liver failure. In the United States, herbal and dietary supplements that are marketed to improve performance, strength, and weight loss are increasingly being used (...) by both amateur and professional athletes. Consumption of bodybuilding supplements that contain androgenic anabolic steroids can lead to adverse hepatic effects ranging from asymptomatic serum aminotransferase elevations to severe cholestatic hepatitis with prolonged jaundice. Various non-bodybuilding nutritional supplements that contain a mixture of botanicals, caffeine, and chemicals have also been associated with idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity. In particular, green tea extract derivatives
supplements on information processing and RPE. This finding is particularly interesting since decision-making processes are vital in many sportsperformance. (...) Effects of Carbohydrate, Caffeine and Guarana on Cognitive Performance, Perceived Exertion and Shooting Performance in High Level Athletes. This study aimed at investigating the effect of carbohydrate (CHO), caffeine (CAF) and a guarana complex (GUAc) ingestion during a running exercise on cognitive performance, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and shooting performance in high level Modern Pentathlon athletes.Ten athletes completed four counterbalanced sessions within a 2 week-period
, with females using less than males (p = 0.02), while use was twice as likely in Latino vs. White (p = 0.03). Overall, 45% reported their nutrient requirements were different from non-athlete peers. Latinos were less likely (p = 0.03) to report that their diet met nutritional requirements, but more than twice as likely to report that nutritional supplements were necessary for training (p < 0.001). Adolescent athletes, especially females and Latinos, would benefit from sport nutrition education that enhances (...) food selection skills for health and sportperformance.
of essential amino acids (EAAs) and adequate leucine, are most effective in stimulating MPS. Different types and quality of protein can affect amino acid bioavailability following protein supplementation. Athletes should consider focusing on whole food sources of protein that contain all of the EAAs (i.e., it is the EAAs that are required to stimulate MPS). Endurance athletes should focus on achieving adequate carbohydrate intake to promote optimal performance; the addition of protein may help to offset (...) International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: protein and exercise The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein
Increasing medical student exposure to musculoskeletal medicine: the initial impact of the Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Interest Group To investigate the impact of the Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Interest Group (OSSMIG) on medical student interest and confidence in core musculoskeletal (MSK) concepts through supplemental education and experiences at a single tertiary, academic institution.Medical student OSSMIG members at various levels of training were anonymously (...) in MSK medicine, improved confidence in their ability to perform orthopedics-related physical exams, strengthened mentorship with residents and attendings, and developed a connection with the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and its residents (median "Strongly Agree", interquartile range one and two scale items).Since its inception 8 years ago, OSSMIG has been well received and has positively impacted University of Washington School of Medicine students through various interventions. Surgical
The nutrition for sport knowledge questionnaire (NSKQ): development and validation using classical test theory and Rasch analysis Appropriate dietary intake can have a significant influence on athletic performance. There is a growing consensus on sports nutrition and professionals working with athletes often provide dietary education. However, due to the limitations of existing sports nutrition knowledge questionnaires, previous reports of athletes' nutrition knowledge may be inaccurate.An (...) updated questionnaire has been developed based on a recent review of sports nutrition guidelines. The tool has been validated using a robust methodology that incorporates relevant techniques from classical test theory (CTT) and Item response theory (IRT), namely, Rasch analysis.The final questionnaire has 89 questions and six sub-sections (weight management, macronutrients, micronutrients, sports nutrition, supplements, and alcohol). The content and face validity of the tool have been confirmed based
International society of sports nutrition position stand: nutrient timing The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review regarding the timing of macronutrients in reference to healthy, exercising adults and in particular highly trained individuals on exercise performance and body composition. The following points summarize the position of the ISSN:Nutrient timing incorporates the use of methodical planning and eating of whole foods, fortified (...) foods and dietary supplements. The timing of energy intake and the ratio of certain ingested macronutrients may enhance recovery and tissue repair, augment muscle protein synthesis (MPS), and improve mood states following high-volume or intense exercise.Endogenous glycogen stores are maximized by following a high-carbohydrate diet (8-12 g of carbohydrate/kg/day [g/kg/day]); moreover, these stores are depleted most by high volume exercise.If rapid restoration of glycogen is required (< 4 h
Creatine Use in Sports The use of creatine as a dietary supplement has become increasingly popular over the past several decades. Despite the popularity of creatine, questions remain with regard to dosing, effects on sportsperformance, and safety.PubMed was searched for articles published between 1980 and January 2017 using the terms creatine, creatine supplementation, sportsperformance, and dietary supplements. An additional Google search was performed to capture National Collegiate Athletic (...) supplementation for increased performance in short-duration, maximal-intensity resistance training.While creatine appears to be safe and effective for particular settings, whether creatine supplementation leads to improved performance on the field of play remains unknown.
. We performed a descriptive analysis.21 above the 122 identified studies met the inclusion criteria. Sociodemographic factors, sport and training frequency, athlete population, reasons/motives for use and consumption, sources of information and list of supplements and frequency are the found indicators for estimating intake of supplements.there are great heterogeneity in terms of the proposed indicators by the authors at the questionnaires and intake estimation using nutritional supplements (...) [VARIABLES USED IN QUESTIONNAIRES ABOUT ERGONUTRITIONALS SUPPLEMENTS INTAKE]. nutritional supplements intake is increasing during the recent years both in Spain and in the rest of the world. Questionnaires that estimate the intake and supplement use have methodological limitations. The purpose of this study is to describe used indicators in questionnaires that estimate nutritional supplements intake among athletes so facilitate understanding of these limitations.a literature review of variables
Evidence-based Guideline: Evaluation and managment of concussion in sports DOI 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31828d57dd 2013;80;2250-2257 Published Online before print March 18, 2013 Neurology Christopher C. Giza, Jeffrey S. Kutcher, Stephen Ashwal, et al. Neurology Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of management of concussion in sports: Report of the Guideline Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Evaluation and This information is current as of March 18, 2013 http://www.neurology.org (...) Jeffrey Barth, PhD Thomas S.D. Getchius Gerard A. Gioia, PhD Gary S. Gronseth, MD, FAAN Kevin Guskiewicz, PhD, ATC Steven Mandel, MD, FAAN Geoffrey Manley, MD, PhD DouglasB.McKeag,MD, MS David J. Thurman, MD, FAAN Ross Zafonte, DO Correspondence to American Academy of Neurology: firstname.lastname@example.org Editorial,page2178 Supplementaldataat www.neurology.org Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Evaluation and management of concussion in sports
Evaluation and management of concussion in sports Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Evaluation and management of concussion in sports | Neurology Advertisement Search for this keyword Main menu User menu Search Search for this keyword The most widely read and highly cited peer-reviewed neurology journal Share June 11, 2013 ; 80 (24) Special Article Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Evaluation and management of concussion in sports Report of the Guideline Development (...) of Neurology (G.S.G.), University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City; Matthew Geller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center (K.G.), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Neurology and Neurophysiology Associates, PC (S.M.), Philadelphia, PA; Neurological Surgery (G.M.), UCSF Medical Center, San Francisco, CA; Department of Family Medicine (D.B.M.), Indiana University Center for Sports Medicine, Indianapolis; Department of Neurology (D.J.T.), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta
Effect of Hibiscus Tea and Green Tea Supplements on Athletic Performance, Blood Pressure, Muscle Damage Indices and Oxidative Stress Effect of Hibiscus Tea and Green Tea Supplements on Athletic Performance, Blood Pressure, Muscle Damage Indices and Oxidative Stress - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You (...) have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effect of Hibiscus Tea and Green Tea Supplements on Athletic Performance, Blood Pressure, Muscle Damage Indices and Oxidative Stress The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02637570
Beta-alanine Supplementation and Its Effects on Performance, Muscle Carnosine Content and Safety in Athletes With Spinal-cord Injury Beta-alanine Supplementation and Its Effects on Performance, Muscle Carnosine Content and Safety in Athletes With Spinal-cord Injury - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You (...) have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Beta-alanine Supplementation and Its Effects on Performance, Muscle Carnosine Content and Safety in Athletes With Spinal-cord Injury The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02604927