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Sports Contact Levels

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1. Contact Sports-related Concussion in Amateur Athletes, Primary Prevention of

Contact Sports-related Concussion in Amateur Athletes, Primary Prevention of Contact Sports-related Concussion in Amateur Athletes, Primary Prevention of - Practice Management Guideline Search » Contact Sports-related Concussion in Amateur Athletes, Primary Prevention of Published 2018 Citation: Authors Toby M Enniss, Khaled Basiouny, Brian Brewer, Nikolay Bugaev, Julius Cheng, Omar K Danner, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster, Gregory Hawryluk, Hee Soo Jung, Felix Lui, Rishi Rattan, Pina Violano (...) , 2018 Correspondence to: Dr Toby M Enniss, Department of Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA; Abstract Background Awareness of the magnitude of contact sports-related concussions has risen exponentially in recent years. Our objective is to conduct a prospectively registered systematic review of the scientific evidence regarding interventions to prevent contact sports-related concussions. Methods Using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development

2018 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

2. Comparing fMRI activation during smooth pursuit eye movements among contact sport athletes, non-contact sport athletes, and non-athletes (PubMed)

Comparing fMRI activation during smooth pursuit eye movements among contact sport athletes, non-contact sport athletes, and non-athletes Though sub-concussive impacts are common during contact sports, there is little consensus whether repeat blows affect brain function. Using a "lifetime exposure" rather than acute exposure approach, we examined oculomotor performance and brain activation among collegiate football players and two control groups. Our analysis examined whether there are group (...) differences in eye movement behavioral performance and in brain activation during smooth pursuit.Data from 21 off-season Division I football "starters" were compared with a) 19 collegiate cross-country runners, and b) 11 non-athlete college students who were SES matched to the football player group (total N = 51). Visual smooth pursuit was performed while undergoing fMRI imaging via a 3 Tesla scanner. Smooth pursuit eye movements to three stimulus difficulty levels were measured with regard to RMS error

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2018 NeuroImage : Clinical

3. Risk of Concussion for Athletes in Contact Sports at Higher Altitude vs at Sea Level: A Meta-Analysis-Corrected-Reply. (PubMed)

Risk of Concussion for Athletes in Contact Sports at Higher Altitude vs at Sea Level: A Meta-Analysis-Corrected-Reply. 28241210 2018 10 30 2018 10 30 2168-6157 74 4 2017 04 01 JAMA neurology JAMA Neurol Correct Data and Meta-analytic Approaches Show the Reduced Risk of Concussion for Athletes Playing at Higher Altitudes-Reply. 485-486 10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.6068 Zavorsky Gerald S GS Department of Respiratory Therapy, Georgia State University, Atlanta. Smoliga James M JM Department of Physical

2017 JAMA neurology

4. Prophylactic Treatment for Contacts of Patients with Invasive Meningococcal Disease on Sports Teams

is presented separately. Prophylactic Treatment for Contacts of Patients with IMD on Sports Teams 3 Selection Criteria and Methods One reviewer screened citations and selected studies. In the first level of screening, titles and abstracts were reviewed and potentially relevant articles were retrieved and assessed for inclusion. The final selection of full-text articles was based on the inclusion criteria presented in Table 1. Table 1: Selection Criteria Population Individuals potentially exposed to a case (...) Prophylactic Treatment for Contacts of Patients with Invasive Meningococcal Disease on Sports Teams Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time allowed. Rapid

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

5. Motor performance during experimental pain: The influence of exposure to contact sports. (PubMed)

than the other groups.Athletes who play contact sports may have better coping and adjustment to experimental pain, especially during threatening conditions. Performance during experimental pain is mediated by pain tolerance and physical pain bothersomeness.Athletes with even relatively small amounts of contact sport experience perform better during experimental pain than athletes who play non-contact sports. Experienced contact athletes had higher levels of direct coping and were more challenged (...) Motor performance during experimental pain: The influence of exposure to contact sports. Athletes who play contact sports are regularly exposed to pain, yet manage to perform complex tasks without significant decrement. Limited research has suggested that superior pain tolerance in contact athletes may be important in this context and this may be altered via experience of pain. Other psychological variables such as challenge states, pain bothersomeness and coping style may also influence skill

2019 European Journal of Pain

6. Contact sport participation and chronic traumatic encephalopathy are associated with altered severity and distribution of cerebral amyloid angiopathy. (PubMed)

, in those with CAA, a history of contact sports was associated with increased CAA severity in the frontal leptomeningeal vessels (OR = 4.01, 95% CI 2.52-6.38, p < 0.001) adjusting for AD, APOE ε4 status, and age. Participants with CAA had increased levels of sulcal tau pathology and decreased levels of the synaptic marker PSD-95 (p's < 0.05), and CAA was a predictor of dementia (OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.02-2.99, p = 0.043) adjusting for age, sex, and comorbid pathology. Overall, contact sport participation (...) Contact sport participation and chronic traumatic encephalopathy are associated with altered severity and distribution of cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) consists of beta-amyloid deposition in the walls of the cerebrovasculature and is commonly associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the association of CAA with repetitive head impacts (RHI) and with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is unknown. We evaluated the relationship between RHI from contact

2019 Acta neuropathologica

7. Competitive sports participation in high school and subsequent substance use in young adulthood: Assessing differences based on level of contact (PubMed)

Competitive sports participation in high school and subsequent substance use in young adulthood: Assessing differences based on level of contact The objective of this analysis is to examine how participation in different types of competitive sports (based on level of contact) during high school is associated with substance use 1 to 4 years after the 12th grade. The analysis uses nationally representative samples of 12th graders from the Monitoring the Future Study who were followed 1 to 4 years (...) after the 12th grade. The longitudinal sample consisted of 970 12th graders from six recent cohorts (2006-2011). The analyses found that respondents who participated in at least one competitive sport during the 12th grade had greater odds of binge drinking during the past two weeks (AOR = 2.04; 95% CI = 1.43, 2.90) 1 to 4 years after the 12th grade, when compared to their peers who did not participate in sports during their 12th grade year. Moreover, respondents who participated in high-contact

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2016 International review for the sociology of sport

8. Risk of Concussion for Athletes in Contact Sports at Higher Altitude vs at Sea Level: A Meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Risk of Concussion for Athletes in Contact Sports at Higher Altitude vs at Sea Level: A Meta-analysis. 27598557 2018 08 16 2018 08 16 2168-6157 73 11 2016 11 01 JAMA neurology JAMA Neurol Risk of Concussion for Athletes in Contact Sports at Higher Altitude vs at Sea Level: A Meta-analysis. 1369-1370 10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.0795 Zavorsky Gerald S GS Department of Respiratory Therapy, Georgia State University, Atlanta. Smoliga James M JM Department of Physical Therapy, High Point University, High

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2016 JAMA neurology

9. Sports Contact Levels

Sports Contact Levels Sports Contact Levels Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Sports Contact Levels Sports Contact (...) Levels Aka: Sports Contact Levels , Contact Sport , Collision Sport II. Types: Collision or Contact Sports ball Ice and Field Hockey Soccer Wrestling Basketball Diving Lacrosse Rodeo Ski jumping Water polo Team handball III. Types: Limited Contact Sports Baseball Cheerleading Diving Floor hockey Softball, Gymnastics Field events (High jump, Pole vault) (Nordic or Alpine ) Volleyball IV. Types: Non Contact and Strenuous Sports Rowing Sailing Swimming Tennis, Weight lifting Field events (Shot put

2018 FP Notebook

10. Epidemiology of Head Injuries Focusing on Concussions in Team Contact Sports: A Systematic Review.

Epidemiology of Head Injuries Focusing on Concussions in Team Contact Sports: A Systematic Review. Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries.The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football.Four electronic databases (...) an increased concussion risk in football and ice hockey when compared to male players.Future research should focus on concussion in women's contact sports, as there is little evidence available in this area. Methodological deficits are frequent in the current literature, especially regarding sample size and study power, and should be avoided.

2018 Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)

11. Cerebral Autoregulation Is Disrupted Following a Season of Contact Sports Participation (PubMed)

Cerebral Autoregulation Is Disrupted Following a Season of Contact Sports Participation Repetitive subconcussive head impacts across a season of contact sports participation are associated with a number of deficits in brain function. To date, no research has investigated the effect of such head impact exposure on dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA). To address this issue, 179 elite, junior-level (age 19.6 ± 1.5 years) contact sport (ice hockey, American football) athletes were recruited (...) for pre-season testing. Fifty-two non-concussed athletes returned for post-season testing. Fifteen non-contact sport athletes (age 20.4 ± 2.2) also completed pre- and postseason testing. dCA was assessed via recordings of beat-by-beat mean arterial pressure (MAP) and middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCAv) using finger photoplethysmography and transcranial Doppler ultrasound, respectively, during repetitive squat-stand maneuvers at 0.05 and 0.10 Hz. Transfer function analysis was used

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2018 Frontiers in neurology

12. The Individual and Combined Effects of Multiple Factors on the Risk of Soft Tissue Non-contact Injuries in Elite Team Sport Athletes (PubMed)

The Individual and Combined Effects of Multiple Factors on the Risk of Soft Tissue Non-contact Injuries in Elite Team Sport Athletes Aim: Relationships between athlete monitoring-derived variables and injury risk have been investigated predominantly in isolation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the individual and combined effects of multiple factors on the risk of soft-tissue non-contact injuries in elite team sport athletes. Methods: Fifty-five elite Australian footballers were (...) athletes. Individual and combined effects of these variables on injury risk were evaluated with generalized linear mixed models. Results: High cumulative loads and acute-to-chronic workload ratios were associated with increased risk of injuries. The effects for measures derived using exponentially weighted moving averages were greater than those for rolling averages. History of a recent injury, long-term experience at professional level, and substantial reductions in a selection of musculoskeletal

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2018 Frontiers in physiology

13. Serum neurofilament light as a biomarker for mild traumatic brain injury in contact sports. (PubMed)

Serum neurofilament light as a biomarker for mild traumatic brain injury in contact sports. To evaluate whether the axonal protein neurofilament light (NFL) in serum is a sensitive biomarker to detect subtle brain injury or concussion in contact sports athletes.Two prospective cohort studies involving (1) 14 Swedish amateur boxers who underwent fluid biomarker assessments at 7-10 days after bout and after 3 months of rest from boxing and (2) 35 Swedish professional hockey players who underwent (...) blood biomarker assessment at 1, 12, 36, and 144 hours after concussion and when the players returned to play were performed. Fourteen healthy nonathletic controls and 12 athletic controls were also enrolled. Serum NFL was measured using ultrasensitive single molecule array technology.Serum NFL concentrations were increased in boxers 7-10 days after bout as compared to the levels after 3 months rest as well as compared with controls (p = 0.0007 and p < 0.0001, respectively). NFL decreased following

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2017 Neurology

14. Outcomes After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair in Adolescent Athletes Participating in Collision and Contact Sports (PubMed)

, number of anchors, concurrent Hill-Sachs lesion, and repair of a superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesion.Arthroscopic Bankart repair is an effective surgical option for traumatic shoulder instability in adolescents participating in collision and contact sports. At a minimum 4-year follow-up, arthroscopic Bankart repair effectively restored stability in 90% of cases; 80% returned to their preinjury level of sport. (...) Outcomes After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair in Adolescent Athletes Participating in Collision and Contact Sports Literature on arthroscopic stabilization in adolescent patients participating in collision and contact sports is limited, as most studies include adolescents within a larger sample group comprised primarily of adults.To review the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability in an adolescent population participating in collision and contact sports.Case

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2017 Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine

15. Comparative Analysis of Head Impact in Contact and Collision Sports (PubMed)

Comparative Analysis of Head Impact in Contact and Collision Sports As concerns about head impact in American football have grown, similar concerns have started to extend to other sports thought to experience less head impact, such as soccer and lacrosse. However, the amount of head impact experienced in soccer and lacrosse is relatively unknown, particularly compared with the substantial amount of data from football. This pilot study quantifies and compares head impact from four different (...) the college soccer cohort. The results suggest that head impact in sport substantially varies by both the type of sport (football vs. soccer vs. lacrosse) and level of play (college vs. high school).

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2017 Journal of neurotrauma

16. Effect of a New Rule Limiting Full Contact Practice on the Incidence of Sport-Related Concussion in High School Football Players. (PubMed)

Effect of a New Rule Limiting Full Contact Practice on the Incidence of Sport-Related Concussion in High School Football Players. Sport-related concussion (SRC) has been associated with cognitive impairment, depression, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. American football is the most popular sport among males in the United States and has one of the highest concussion rates among high school sports. Measured head impacts and concussions are approximately 4 times more common in contact (...) practices compared with noncontact practices. The Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association passed new rules defining and limiting contact during practice before the 2014 football season.To determine if the SRC rate is lower after a rule change that limited the amount and duration of full-contact activities during high school football practice sessions.Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.A total of 2081 high school football athletes enrolled and participated in the study in 2012-2013 (before

2019 American Journal of Sports Medicine

17. Overview of sport-related injuries

-related injuries are either contusions or strains. Jarvinen MJ, Lehto MU. The effects of early mobilisation and immobilisation on the healing process following muscle injuries. Sports Med. 1993;15:78-89. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8446826?tool=bestpractice.com Contact sports (e.g., football, hockey) may increase the risk of contusion, whereas sprinting and jumping are the most common activities associated with muscle strains. Garrett WE Jr. Muscle strain injuries. Am J Sports Med. 1996;24 (...) -up prior to exercise. Hoelmich P. Adductor-related groin pain in athletes. Sports Med Arthrosc. 1997;5:285-291. Garrett WE, Safran MR, Seaber AV, et al. Biomechanical comparison of stimulated and nonstimulated skeletal muscle pulled to failure. Am J Sports Med. 1987;15:448-454. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3674268?tool=bestpractice.com Related conditions Condition Description Traumatic brain injury can be sustained during contact sports or high-risk recreational activities. Faul M, Xu L

2018 BMJ Best Practice

18. Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans

skiing. Since then, the range of available sports and opportunities for participation at all levels — from recreational to competitive — has broadened greatly. Within VA, the vision of VA's Office of National Veteran Sports Programs & Special Events ( ) is "to be leaders in the provision of adaptive sports and therapeutic arts programs that complement VA's rehabilitation system of care for Veterans and members of the Armed Forces with disabilities." The national rehabilitation events are intended (...) Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans Management Briefs eBrief-no154 -- Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no154 -- Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 154 » Issue 154 April 2019 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. Adaptive Sports

2019 Veterans Affairs - R&D

19. Catastrophic Cervical Spine Injuries in Contact Sports (PubMed)

Catastrophic Cervical Spine Injuries in Contact Sports Study Design Systematic review. Objectives To determine the incidence of catastrophic cervical spine injuries (CCSIs) among elite athletes participating in contact team sports and whether the incidence varies depending on the use of protective gear or by player position. Methods Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles published from January 1, 2000, to January 29, 2016, were searched. Results Fourteen studies were included (...) that reported CCSI in rugby (n = 10), American football (n = 3), and Irish hurling (n = 1). Among Rugby Union players, incidence of CCSI was 4.1 per 100,000 player-hours. Among National Football League players, the CCSI rate was 0.6 per 100,000 player-exposures. At the collegiate level, the CCSI rate ranged from 1.1 to 4.7 per 100,000 player-years. Mixed populations of elite and recreational rugby players in four studies report a CCSI rate of 1.4 to 7.2 per 100,000 player-years. In this same population

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2016 Global spine journal

20. Sports Activity after Low-contact-stress Total Knee Arthroplasty – A long term follow-up study (PubMed)

Sports Activity after Low-contact-stress Total Knee Arthroplasty – A long term follow-up study The purpose of this study was to provide comprehensive long-term data about sports activity levels in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to determine the impact of pre-operative function, pain and specific performed sports on the results. 236 patients who have undergone TKA for severe osteoarthritis of the knee were asked to provide specific information regarding exercised types (...) of sports before surgery and after at least 10 years following TKA. Pre- and postoperative function and pain were evaluated by the use of Tegner-, WOMAC- and VAS Score. After a mean of 14.9 years, a significant improvement regarding pain and function was observed. Pre-operative Tegner- and WOMAC scores revealed significant positive correlations with the post-operative Tegner-Score. Accordingly, a high percentage of patients (70.9%) stayed actively involved in sports. Nevertheless, the number

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2016 Scientific reports

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