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Sports Contact Levels

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1. Comparing fMRI activation during smooth pursuit eye movements among contact sport athletes, non-contact sport athletes, and non-athletes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparing fMRI activation during smooth pursuit eye movements among contact sport athletes, non-contact sport athletes, and non-athletes Though sub-concussive impacts are common during contact sports, there is little consensus whether repeat blows affect brain function. Using a "lifetime exposure" rather than acute exposure approach, we examined oculomotor performance and brain activation among collegiate football players and two control groups. Our analysis examined whether there are group (...) differences in eye movement behavioral performance and in brain activation during smooth pursuit.Data from 21 off-season Division I football "starters" were compared with a) 19 collegiate cross-country runners, and b) 11 non-athlete college students who were SES matched to the football player group (total N = 51). Visual smooth pursuit was performed while undergoing fMRI imaging via a 3 Tesla scanner. Smooth pursuit eye movements to three stimulus difficulty levels were measured with regard to RMS error

2018 NeuroImage : Clinical

2. Noninvasive Interactive Neurostimulation Therapy for the Treatment of Low-Grade Lateral Ankle Sprain in the Professional Contact Sport Athlete Improves the Short-Term Recovery and Return to Sport: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

impedance. The objective of this prospective, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial was to compare the results in terms of improvement of a foot functional score, lower level of reported pain, and return to sports in 2 groups of contact sport athlete affected by a grade I or II lateral ankle sprain. Patients were randomized using random blocks to the NIN program (group I) or a sham device (group II). The outcome measurements were the use of a self-reported Inability Walking Scale, patient-reported (...) Noninvasive Interactive Neurostimulation Therapy for the Treatment of Low-Grade Lateral Ankle Sprain in the Professional Contact Sport Athlete Improves the Short-Term Recovery and Return to Sport: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ankle injuries are very common between professional athletes and recreational sports. Lateral stable ligaments injury can be treated conservatively. Noninvasive interactive neurostimulation (NIN) is a form of electric therapy that works by locating areas of lower skin

2019 The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3. Prophylactic Treatment for Contacts of Patients with Invasive Meningococcal Disease on Sports Teams

is presented separately. Prophylactic Treatment for Contacts of Patients with IMD on Sports Teams 3 Selection Criteria and Methods One reviewer screened citations and selected studies. In the first level of screening, titles and abstracts were reviewed and potentially relevant articles were retrieved and assessed for inclusion. The final selection of full-text articles was based on the inclusion criteria presented in Table 1. Table 1: Selection Criteria Population Individuals potentially exposed to a case (...) Prophylactic Treatment for Contacts of Patients with Invasive Meningococcal Disease on Sports Teams Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time allowed. Rapid

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

4. Risk of Concussion for Athletes in Contact Sports at Higher Altitude vs at Sea Level: A Meta-Analysis-Corrected-Reply. (Abstract)

Risk of Concussion for Athletes in Contact Sports at Higher Altitude vs at Sea Level: A Meta-Analysis-Corrected-Reply. 28241210 2018 10 30 2018 10 30 2168-6157 74 4 2017 04 01 JAMA neurology JAMA Neurol Correct Data and Meta-analytic Approaches Show the Reduced Risk of Concussion for Athletes Playing at Higher Altitudes-Reply. 485-486 10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.6068 Zavorsky Gerald S GS Department of Respiratory Therapy, Georgia State University, Atlanta. Smoliga James M JM Department of Physical

2017 JAMA neurology

5. Sports Contact Levels

Sports Contact Levels Sports Contact Levels Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Sports Contact Levels Sports Contact (...) Levels Aka: Sports Contact Levels , Contact Sport , Collision Sport II. Types: Collision or Contact Sports ball Ice and Field Hockey Soccer Wrestling Basketball Diving Lacrosse Rodeo Ski jumping Water polo Team handball III. Types: Limited Contact Sports Baseball Cheerleading Diving Floor hockey Softball, Gymnastics Field events (High jump, Pole vault) (Nordic or Alpine ) Volleyball IV. Types: Non Contact and Strenuous Sports Rowing Sailing Swimming Tennis, Weight lifting Field events (Shot put

2018 FP Notebook

6. Contact sport participation and chronic traumatic encephalopathy are associated with altered severity and distribution of cerebral amyloid angiopathy. (Abstract)

, in those with CAA, a history of contact sports was associated with increased CAA severity in the frontal leptomeningeal vessels (OR = 4.01, 95% CI 2.52-6.38, p < 0.001) adjusting for AD, APOE ε4 status, and age. Participants with CAA had increased levels of sulcal tau pathology and decreased levels of the synaptic marker PSD-95 (p's < 0.05), and CAA was a predictor of dementia (OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.02-2.99, p = 0.043) adjusting for age, sex, and comorbid pathology. Overall, contact sport participation (...) Contact sport participation and chronic traumatic encephalopathy are associated with altered severity and distribution of cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) consists of beta-amyloid deposition in the walls of the cerebrovasculature and is commonly associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the association of CAA with repetitive head impacts (RHI) and with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is unknown. We evaluated the relationship between RHI from contact

2019 Acta neuropathologica

7. Motor performance during experimental pain: The influence of exposure to contact sports. Full Text available with Trip Pro

than the other groups.Athletes who play contact sports may have better coping and adjustment to experimental pain, especially during threatening conditions. Performance during experimental pain is mediated by pain tolerance and physical pain bothersomeness.Athletes with even relatively small amounts of contact sport experience perform better during experimental pain than athletes who play non-contact sports. Experienced contact athletes had higher levels of direct coping and were more challenged (...) Motor performance during experimental pain: The influence of exposure to contact sports. Athletes who play contact sports are regularly exposed to pain, yet manage to perform complex tasks without significant decrement. Limited research has suggested that superior pain tolerance in contact athletes may be important in this context and this may be altered via experience of pain. Other psychological variables such as challenge states, pain bothersomeness and coping style may also influence skill

2019 European Journal of Pain

8. The Individual and Combined Effects of Multiple Factors on the Risk of Soft Tissue Non-contact Injuries in Elite Team Sport Athletes Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Individual and Combined Effects of Multiple Factors on the Risk of Soft Tissue Non-contact Injuries in Elite Team Sport Athletes Aim: Relationships between athlete monitoring-derived variables and injury risk have been investigated predominantly in isolation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the individual and combined effects of multiple factors on the risk of soft-tissue non-contact injuries in elite team sport athletes. Methods: Fifty-five elite Australian footballers were (...) athletes. Individual and combined effects of these variables on injury risk were evaluated with generalized linear mixed models. Results: High cumulative loads and acute-to-chronic workload ratios were associated with increased risk of injuries. The effects for measures derived using exponentially weighted moving averages were greater than those for rolling averages. History of a recent injury, long-term experience at professional level, and substantial reductions in a selection of musculoskeletal

2018 Frontiers in physiology

9. Cerebral Autoregulation Is Disrupted Following a Season of Contact Sports Participation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cerebral Autoregulation Is Disrupted Following a Season of Contact Sports Participation Repetitive subconcussive head impacts across a season of contact sports participation are associated with a number of deficits in brain function. To date, no research has investigated the effect of such head impact exposure on dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA). To address this issue, 179 elite, junior-level (age 19.6 ± 1.5 years) contact sport (ice hockey, American football) athletes were recruited (...) for pre-season testing. Fifty-two non-concussed athletes returned for post-season testing. Fifteen non-contact sport athletes (age 20.4 ± 2.2) also completed pre- and postseason testing. dCA was assessed via recordings of beat-by-beat mean arterial pressure (MAP) and middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCAv) using finger photoplethysmography and transcranial Doppler ultrasound, respectively, during repetitive squat-stand maneuvers at 0.05 and 0.10 Hz. Transfer function analysis was used

2018 Frontiers in neurology

10. Outcomes After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair in Adolescent Athletes Participating in Collision and Contact Sports Full Text available with Trip Pro

, number of anchors, concurrent Hill-Sachs lesion, and repair of a superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesion.Arthroscopic Bankart repair is an effective surgical option for traumatic shoulder instability in adolescents participating in collision and contact sports. At a minimum 4-year follow-up, arthroscopic Bankart repair effectively restored stability in 90% of cases; 80% returned to their preinjury level of sport. (...) Outcomes After Arthroscopic Bankart Repair in Adolescent Athletes Participating in Collision and Contact Sports Literature on arthroscopic stabilization in adolescent patients participating in collision and contact sports is limited, as most studies include adolescents within a larger sample group comprised primarily of adults.To review the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability in an adolescent population participating in collision and contact sports.Case

2017 Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine

11. Comparative Analysis of Head Impact in Contact and Collision Sports Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparative Analysis of Head Impact in Contact and Collision Sports As concerns about head impact in American football have grown, similar concerns have started to extend to other sports thought to experience less head impact, such as soccer and lacrosse. However, the amount of head impact experienced in soccer and lacrosse is relatively unknown, particularly compared with the substantial amount of data from football. This pilot study quantifies and compares head impact from four different (...) the college soccer cohort. The results suggest that head impact in sport substantially varies by both the type of sport (football vs. soccer vs. lacrosse) and level of play (college vs. high school).

2017 Journal of neurotrauma

12. Serum neurofilament light as a biomarker for mild traumatic brain injury in contact sports. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Serum neurofilament light as a biomarker for mild traumatic brain injury in contact sports. To evaluate whether the axonal protein neurofilament light (NFL) in serum is a sensitive biomarker to detect subtle brain injury or concussion in contact sports athletes.Two prospective cohort studies involving (1) 14 Swedish amateur boxers who underwent fluid biomarker assessments at 7-10 days after bout and after 3 months of rest from boxing and (2) 35 Swedish professional hockey players who underwent (...) blood biomarker assessment at 1, 12, 36, and 144 hours after concussion and when the players returned to play were performed. Fourteen healthy nonathletic controls and 12 athletic controls were also enrolled. Serum NFL was measured using ultrasensitive single molecule array technology.Serum NFL concentrations were increased in boxers 7-10 days after bout as compared to the levels after 3 months rest as well as compared with controls (p = 0.0007 and p < 0.0001, respectively). NFL decreased following

2017 Neurology

13. Overview of sport-related injuries

-related injuries are either contusions or strains. Jarvinen MJ, Lehto MU. The effects of early mobilisation and immobilisation on the healing process following muscle injuries. Sports Med. 1993;15:78-89. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8446826?tool=bestpractice.com Contact sports (e.g., football, hockey) may increase the risk of contusion, whereas sprinting and jumping are the most common activities associated with muscle strains. Garrett WE Jr. Muscle strain injuries. Am J Sports Med. 1996;24 (...) -up prior to exercise. Hoelmich P. Adductor-related groin pain in athletes. Sports Med Arthrosc. 1997;5:285-291. Garrett WE, Safran MR, Seaber AV, et al. Biomechanical comparison of stimulated and nonstimulated skeletal muscle pulled to failure. Am J Sports Med. 1987;15:448-454. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3674268?tool=bestpractice.com Related conditions Condition Description Traumatic brain injury can be sustained during contact sports or high-risk recreational activities. Faul M, Xu L

2018 BMJ Best Practice

14. Competitive sports participation in high school and subsequent substance use in young adulthood: Assessing differences based on level of contact Full Text available with Trip Pro

Competitive sports participation in high school and subsequent substance use in young adulthood: Assessing differences based on level of contact The objective of this analysis is to examine how participation in different types of competitive sports (based on level of contact) during high school is associated with substance use 1 to 4 years after the 12th grade. The analysis uses nationally representative samples of 12th graders from the Monitoring the Future Study who were followed 1 to 4 years (...) after the 12th grade. The longitudinal sample consisted of 970 12th graders from six recent cohorts (2006-2011). The analyses found that respondents who participated in at least one competitive sport during the 12th grade had greater odds of binge drinking during the past two weeks (AOR = 2.04; 95% CI = 1.43, 2.90) 1 to 4 years after the 12th grade, when compared to their peers who did not participate in sports during their 12th grade year. Moreover, respondents who participated in high-contact

2016 International review for the sociology of sport

15. Sports and Exercise Physiology - What is known in the cellular, biochemical and systemic levels.

Sports and Exercise Physiology - What is known in the cellular, biochemical and systemic levels. Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac ischemia, duration of ischemia and duration

2020 PROSPERO

16. Effect of a New Rule Limiting Full Contact Practice on the Incidence of Sport-Related Concussion in High School Football Players. (Abstract)

Effect of a New Rule Limiting Full Contact Practice on the Incidence of Sport-Related Concussion in High School Football Players. Sport-related concussion (SRC) has been associated with cognitive impairment, depression, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. American football is the most popular sport among males in the United States and has one of the highest concussion rates among high school sports. Measured head impacts and concussions are approximately 4 times more common in contact (...) practices compared with noncontact practices. The Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association passed new rules defining and limiting contact during practice before the 2014 football season.To determine if the SRC rate is lower after a rule change that limited the amount and duration of full-contact activities during high school football practice sessions.Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.A total of 2081 high school football athletes enrolled and participated in the study in 2012-2013 (before

2019 American Journal of Sports Medicine

17. Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans

skiing. Since then, the range of available sports and opportunities for participation at all levels — from recreational to competitive — has broadened greatly. Within VA, the vision of VA's Office of National Veteran Sports Programs & Special Events ( ) is "to be leaders in the provision of adaptive sports and therapeutic arts programs that complement VA's rehabilitation system of care for Veterans and members of the Armed Forces with disabilities." The national rehabilitation events are intended (...) Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans Management Briefs eBrief-no154 -- Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no154 -- Adaptive Sports for Disabled Veterans Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 154 » Issue 154 April 2019 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. Adaptive Sports

2019 Veterans Affairs - R&D

18. Policy Prevention of Sports-related Orofacial Injuries

, level of activity and expo- sure time, level of coaching and type of sports organization, whether the player is a focus of attention in a contact or non- contact sport, history of previous sports-related injury, and the situation (practice vs. game). 34 Behavioral risk factors (e.g., hyperactivity) also have been associated significantly with injuries affecting the face and/or teeth. 35,36 While this predictive index looked at contact versus non- contact sport as a factor, non-contact sports can (...) articles. The policies, recommendations, and listed references of the Academy for Sports Dentistry (ASD) and the International Association of Dental Traumatology were consulted as valuable resources in preparation of this document. Background The tremendous popularity of organized youth sports and the high level of competitiveness have resulted in a signifi- cant number of dental and facial injuries. 1,2 From 1990- 2003, there was an average of 22,000 dental injuries annually in children less than 18

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

19. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Sport-Related Concussion/mTBI

to diagnose, assess and manage. 1 Sport-related concussion/ mTBIs can occur in any population playing sport. A concussion/mTBI injury is more likely to occur when the force or impact suffered is not anticipated by the athlete. Concussion/mTBI’s are more likely to occur in contact sports, with the highest incidences (excluding combat sports) being in soccer, football, ice hockey, rugby and basketball. 2,3 However, nonsport- related concussion/mTBI’s also occur in athletes, and can impact their return (...) -to-sport as well. The majority of sport concussion/mTBI symptoms in adults resolve within 10-14 days, although the recovery time frame may be longer in children and adolescents. 1,3-5 For more information on the management of concussion/mTBI in children and adolescents aged 5-18 years please see the . Accurate diagnosis, management, and return-to-sport decisions are essential at all levels of participation (i.e., amateur to professional) and for all types of sport. Experts unanimously agree that any

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

20. Level of activity, return to sport and functional abilities of young adult patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO)/triple osteotomy surgery: a systematic review

Level of activity, return to sport and functional abilities of young adult patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO)/triple osteotomy surgery: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD (...) . If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity

2019 PROSPERO

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