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261. Potassium iodide

; Zhang, Mingming; Wang, Xiaoshan (2009). Wu, Taixiang, ed. "Oral potassium iodide for the treatment of sporotrichosis". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4): CD006136. : . . Marshall, JK; Irvine, EJ (1997). "Successful therapy of refractory erythema nodosum associated with Crohn's disease using potassium iodide". Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology . 11 (6): 501–2. : . . External links [ ] ( ) compounds ( and ) Wall/ membrane inhibitors ( inhibitors) Topical: ‡ ‡ # ‡ ‡ # ‡ ‡ Systemic

2012 Wikipedia

262. Zoonotic sporotrichosis of lymphocutaneous type in a man acquired from a domesticated feline source: report of a first case in southern Karnataka, India. (Abstract)

Zoonotic sporotrichosis of lymphocutaneous type in a man acquired from a domesticated feline source: report of a first case in southern Karnataka, India. Sporotrichosis is commonly encountered due to traumatic implantation of thorns or decayed vegetation with the dimorphic fungi, Sporothrix schenckii. Zoonotic spread of Sporotrichosis is rare and we describe here the first case of feline transmission of lymphocutaneous sporotrichiosis encountered in India.An excision biopsy of nodulo-ulcerative (...) consistent with Sporotrichosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by culturing Sporothrix schenkii and demonstration of thermal dimorphism. Pathogenicity testing in mice lead to orchitis in 12-15 days and the organism was re-isolated in pure culture. The patient was treated with oral saturated potassium iodide solution with complete resolution of the lesions.Close contact with infected domesticated feline can be a potential source of transmission for Sporotrichosis as evidenced in this report.

2009 International Journal of Dermatology

263. Response of macrophage Toll-like receptor 4 to a Sporothrix schenckii lipid extract during experimental sporotrichosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Response of macrophage Toll-like receptor 4 to a Sporothrix schenckii lipid extract during experimental sporotrichosis Toll-like receptors have been implicated in the recognition of various pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, protozoa and fungi. However, no information is available about Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) participation in Sporothrix schenckii recognition and the consequent triggering of the immune response to this fungal pathogen. Following activation of TLRs by ligands

2009 Immunology

264. Sporotrichosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sporotrichosis 19718388 2011 07 14 2018 11 13 1936-900X 10 3 2009 Aug The western journal of emergency medicine West J Emerg Med Sporotrichosis. 204 Burns Michael J MJ University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Orange, CA. Kapadia Neel N NN Silman Eric F EF eng Journal Article United States West J Emerg Med 101476450 1936-900X 2008 05 07 2008 07 11 2008 07 14 2009 9 1 9 0 2009 9 1 6 0 2009 9 1 6 1 ppublish 19718388 PMC2729227 J Clin Microbiol. 1991

2009 Western Journal of Emergency Medicine

265. Iodine

goiter and some thyroid disorders. It is also used for treating a skin disease caused by a fungus (cutaneous sporotrichosis); treating fibrocystic breast disease and breast pain (mastalgia); weight loss; preventing breast cancer, eye disease, diabetes, and heart disease and stroke; and as an expectorant. Iodine is also used for serious bacterial diseases called anthrax and syphilis. Iodine is also used to for radiation emergencies, to protect the thyroid gland against radioactive iodides. Potassium (...) than using antibiotics alone. Fungal skin condition (Cutaneous sporotrichosis) . Saturated solution of potassium iodide is commonly used for cutaneous sporotrichosis. There are reports that taking potassium iodide by mouth alone or with another antifungal treatment is effective for most people with cutaneous sporotrichosis. Pneumonia . Early research suggests that rinsing the throat with iodine in the form of povidone-iodine decreases the risk of pneumonia in people with severe head trauma who

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

266. Sporotrichoid cutaneous tuberculosis. (Abstract)

of scrofuloderma appeared to simulate sporotrichosis more than sporotrichoid lupus vulgaris. As seen from other reports and the present one, children and those just past adolescence have often been affected. Since sporotrichoid pattern is known to be usually associated with the less pathogenic atypical or non-tuberculous mycobacteria, it is speculated that the good lymphatic drainage and proneness to trauma that go with the high physical activity in these age groups may rarely result in this clinical

2007 Clinical & Experimental Dermatology

267. Relationships among genotypes, virulence and clinical forms of Sporothrix schenckii infection. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationships among genotypes, virulence and clinical forms of Sporothrix schenckii infection. This study explored the relationships among genotypes, virulence and clinical forms of Sporothrix schenckii. Genomic DNA from isolates of S. schenckii, collected from different clinical forms of sporotrichosis, was amplified by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Suspensions of different isolates of S. schenckii were inoculated into healthy BALB/c mice to compare their virulence (...) , and the numbers and distribution of spores were determined by histological analysis. RAPD analysis indicated that the isolates from different clinical forms of sporotrichosis belonged to different genotypes. The mice inoculated with isolates from disseminated sporotrichosis showed an earlier onset of illness and more severe lesions than those inoculated with isolates from lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis, which, in turn, showed an earlier onset of illness and more severe lesions than those inoculated

2006 Clinical Microbiology and Infection

268. In vitro susceptibility of Sporothrix schenckii to six antifungal agents determined using three different methods. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. schenckii was found with IZ and KZ. Lack of activity was observed with FZ, VZ, and FC. When AB is indicated for sporotrichosis, the susceptibility of the strain must be analyzed. Commercial quantitative antifungal methods have a limited usefulness in S. schenckii.

2007 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

269. ELISA for early diagnosis of histoplasmosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

ELISA for early diagnosis of histoplasmosis. An ELISA was developed and evaluated as a method for detecting antibodies against glycosylated and deglycosylated histoplasmin (HMIN). Sera from patients with histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, sporotrichosis, coccidioidomycosis, aspergillosis, cryptococcosis and healthy donors were tested by ELISA against purified, deglycosylated histoplasmin (ptHMIN) and compared with purified, native (i.e. glycosylated) histoplasmin (pHMIN). Although cross

2004 Journal of Medical Microbiology

270. Disseminated Sporothix schenckii in a patient with AIDS. (Abstract)

Disseminated Sporothix schenckii in a patient with AIDS. Sporothrix schenckii is a widespread dimorphic fungus which can cause cutaneous infection following local implantation. Disseminated sporotrichosis may occur in immunodeficient individuals but meningitis remains a rare complication. Diagnosis is usually difficult, requiring isolation of the organism from the CSF or skin so appropriate treatment can be promptly initiated. We present the first case of S. schenckii meningitis reported

2005 Journal of Infection

271. Tropical dermatology: fungal tropical diseases. (Abstract)

the world. Sporotrichosis is a worldwide subcutaneous mycosis with a high incidence in tropical countries and is an important illness in immunocompromised patients. Rhinosporidiosis was classed as a fungal infection but is now considered a protistan parasite that belongs to the class Mesomycetozoea. It is included in this review because of its historical classification. In the past, most of these mycoses were restricted to specific geographic areas and natural reservoirs. There are, however, situations

2005 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

272. Epidemiological data and molecular characterization (mtDNA) of Sporothrix schenckii in 13 cases from Mexico. (Abstract)

Epidemiological data and molecular characterization (mtDNA) of Sporothrix schenckii in 13 cases from Mexico. Sporotrichosis is an endemic mycosis in Mexico and Central America.To present epidemiological data and characterize molecular subtypes of 13 strains of Sporothrix schenckii, and to correlate clinical and epidemiologic presentation with subtypes.Thirteen Mexican cases of sporotrichosis were identified, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from clinical isolates of S. schenckii were analyzed

2007 International Journal of Dermatology

273. Detrimental role of endogenous nitric oxide in host defence against Sporothrix schenckii Full Text available with Trip Pro

of endogenous NO during systemic sporotrichosis. When inoculated with yeast cells of S. schenckii, WT mice presented T-cell suppression and high tissue fungal dissemination, succumbing to infection. Furthermore, susceptibility of mice seems to be related to apoptosis and high interleukin-10 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha production by spleen cells. In addition, fungicidal activity and NO production by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages from WT mice were abolished

2008 Immunology

274. Histofarcin test for the diagnosis of epizootic lymphangitis in Ethiopia: development, optimisation, and validation in the field. (Abstract)

of the test since the true infection status of a 'false positive' could not be known on the basis of clinical features. Therefore, standard test validation procedures including slaughtering and isolation of HCF is required. After proper validation, we conclude that the histofarcin test could play a significant role in detecting early infection, and differentiating of EL from glanders, ulcerative lymphangitis, and sporotrichosis.

2006 Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)

275. Ecthyma

: Lymphomatoid papulosis Sporotrichosis Investigations Swab for bacteriology. Fasting glucose or HbA1c to exclude diabetes. FBC for neutropenia. Associated diseases Ecthyma is more likely to occur in association with diabetes or other conditions of immune compromise. Management [ ] Non-drug Treatment depends on the progression of the disease. Hygiene is important. Use bactericidal soap and frequently change bed linens, towels and clothing. Remove crusts and apply an antibiotic ointment daily. Povidone-iodine

2008 Mentor

276. Conjunctivitis

of an ocular prosthesis. It is characterised by papillary hypertrophy, a mucoid discharge and, in severe cases, ptosis. Treatment involves removal of the irritant, together with use of cool compresses, lubricants and topical mast cell stabilisers. Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome This rare condition can arise as a result of , , sporotrichosis, , and . It presents with generalised malaise and a unilateral conjunctivitis. It responds to treatment of the underlying cause. Pediculosis (head lice, pubic lice

2008 Mentor

277. Mycobacterial Skin Infections

kansasii : Most patients who present with localised primary cutaneous M. kansasii infection are immunocompetent, whereas most patients with disseminated or pulmonary infection are immunocompromised. It may resemble cellulitis or sporotrichosis. It may also present with tenosynovitis, cutaneous lymphadenitis; the clinical presentation is similar to that expected in lupus profundus and with ulcerative perineal lesions. Mycobacterium malmoense : cervical lymphadenitis in preschool-aged children. It has

2008 Mentor

278. Cat Scratch Disease

: Osteolytic lesions [ ] Erythema nodosum [ ] Thrombocytopenic purpura Differential diagnosis [ ] The list of differential diagnoses is long, as it can include all known causes of . Depending to some extent on a history of exposure or travel to endemic areas, a short list would include: Other problems that may need to be considered include: , , collagen vascular disease, , pyogenic lymphadenitis, histoplasmosis, sporotrichosis. Investigations [ ] Haematology . This may reveal a mild leukocytosis and raised

2008 Mentor

279. Pyoderma Gangrenosum

(perinuclear) positive, particularly if inflammatory bowel disease is present. The presence of c-ANCA (cytoplasmic) may indicate Wegener's granulomatosis. Swabs and cultures of the ulcer. Biopsy of the lesion - often indicated to exclude other causes, although there are no specific diagnostic features of PG. Biopsy may sometimes cause extension of the ulcer. Differential diagnosis [ ] Infections: Bacterial, including . Viral - eg, . Parasitic - eg, . Tropical mycoses - eg, sporotrichosis. Vascular

2008 Mentor

280. Acne Conglobata and Rarer Forms of Acne

dormant for many years. Rarely, acne conglobata can be associated with pyogenic arthritis and pyoderma gangrenosum (known as PAPA). This is thought to be a genetic condition (a defect of chromosome 15). Another variant is pyoderma gangrenosum, acne and suppurative hidradenitis (PASH) syndrome. Differential diagnosis [ ] Acne fulminans Acne vulgaris Acneiform eruptions Sporotrichosis Investigations [ ] Diagnosis is usually clinical with no investigations required for diagnosis. However, underlying

2008 Mentor

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