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327 results for

Sporotrichosis

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221. Acute Febrile Neutrophilic Dermatosis (Diagnosis)

mycobacteria , Mycobacterium chelonae , and Penicillium species. [ , , ] Notably, Yersinia -associated Sweet syndrome has been noted to improve with antibiotics. [ ] Fungal infections have also been linked in the onset of Sweet syndrome, as it may be a presenting feature of coccidiomycosis and has been associated with sporotrichosis. [ , ] Viral agents such as HIV, cytomegalovirus (CMV), hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and parvovirus B19 have also been implicated. [ , ] Iatrogenic causes of Sweet syndrome (...) ]. Ann Dermatol Venereol . 1990. 117(11):858-60. . DiCaudo DJ, Ortiz KJ, Mengden SJ, Lim KK. Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) associated with pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. Arch Dermatol . 2005 Jul. 141(7):881-4. . Freitas DF, Valle AC, Cuzzi T, et al. Sweet syndrome associated with sporotrichosis. Br J Dermatol . 2012 Jan. 166(1):212-3. . Oskay T, Karademir A, Kutluay L. Sweet's syndrome associated with cytomegalovirus infection. Int J Dermatol . 2004 Jan. 43(1):57-9. . Fortna

2014 eMedicine.com

222. Meningitis (Diagnosis)

, and plant products. Human infections are characteristically lymphocutaneous. Extracutaneous manifestations of sporotrichosis may occur, though meningeal sporotrichosis, which is the most severe form, is a rare complication. AIDS is a reported underlying risk factor in many described cases and is associated with a poor outcome. Infection with free-living amebas is an infrequent but often life-threatening human illness, even in immunocompetent individuals. N fowleri is the only species of Naegleria

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

223. Meningitis (Follow-up)

Med . 2010 Jan 14. 362(2):146-54. . Sloan D, Dlamini S, Paul N, Dedicoat M. Treatment of acute cryptococcal meningitis in HIV infected adults, with an emphasis on resource-limited settings. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2008 Oct 8. CD005647. . Kauffman CA, Bustamante B, Chapman SW, Pappas PG. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of sporotrichosis: 2007 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis . 2007 Nov 15. 45(10):1255-65. . Treatment of tuberculosis. MMWR

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

224. Sarcoidosis (Overview)

, and trypanosomiasis Fungal infections - Actinomycosis, aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis, nocardiosis, and sporotrichosis Helminth infestations - Ascaris, cysticercosis, taeniasis, Diptera larvae, and nematode infestations (onchocerciasis and Toxocara, Ancylostoma, and Necator species) Viral uveitis - Herpes simplex, herpes zoster, vaccinia, and cytomegalovirus Differential diagnosis of posterior uveitis that may clinically mimic

2014 eMedicine.com

225. Rhinosporidiosis (Overview)

Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases . 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2010. 3365-3376. Hospenthal DR. Entomophthoramycosis, Lobomycosis, Rhinosporidiosis, and Sporotrichosis. Guerrant RL, Walker DH, Weller PF, eds. Tropical Infectious Diseases. Principles, Pathogens, & Practice . 3rd. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. 603-607. Karunaratne WAE. Rhinosporidiosis in Man . London, England: The Athlone Press; 1964. Kwon-Chung KJ, Bennett JE. Rhinosporidiosis

2014 eMedicine.com

226. Meningitis (Treatment)

Med . 2010 Jan 14. 362(2):146-54. . Sloan D, Dlamini S, Paul N, Dedicoat M. Treatment of acute cryptococcal meningitis in HIV infected adults, with an emphasis on resource-limited settings. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2008 Oct 8. CD005647. . Kauffman CA, Bustamante B, Chapman SW, Pappas PG. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of sporotrichosis: 2007 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis . 2007 Nov 15. 45(10):1255-65. . Treatment of tuberculosis. MMWR

2014 eMedicine.com

227. Lobomycosis (Treatment)

. Lobomycosis. Report of the eighth Colombian case and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol . 1976. 3(4):180-9. . Rodríguez G, Sarmiento L. The asteroid bodies of sporotrichosis. Am J Dermatopathol . 1998 Jun. 20(3):246-9. . Rodriguez G, Barrera GP. The asteroid body of lobomycosis. Mycopathologia . 1996-1997. 136(2):71-4. . Fischer M, Chrusciak Talhari A, Reinel D, Talhari S. [Sucessful treatment with clofazimine and itraconazole in a 46 year old patient after 32 years duration of disease]. Hautarzt

2014 eMedicine.com

228. Cutaneous Manifestations of HIV Disease (Treatment)

the following: Scaling plaques Crusted ulcers Ecthymalike lesions Verrucous ulcers Inflammatory nodules Panniculitis Pustular lesions Draining sinuses Localized skin involvement resembling sporotrichosis is unusual. Primary cutaneous MAC infection manifesting as sporotrichosislike lesions was described in a patient with AIDS. [ ] The possibility of coinfections, which may be multiple, should be kept in mind. Coinfection with B quintana , MAC, and CMV has been reported in an AIDS patient. [ ] In patients

2014 eMedicine.com

229. Chromoblastomycosis (Treatment)

of Cladosporium carrionii (left) and Fonsecaea pedrosoi (right), the 2 most commonly isolated agents in chromoblastomycosis. Chromoblastomycosis, tumoral form. Chronic disease led to elephantiasis and involvement of the entire lower limb. Plaque lesion on the foot. The verrucous aspect of the lesion differentiates it from other infectious dermatoses that may present as a verrucous lesion, namely, cutaneous leishmaniasis, sporotrichosis, cutaneous tuberculosis, and cutaneous mycobacteriosis. Culture

2014 eMedicine.com

230. Rhinosporidiosis (Treatment)

Livingstone Elsevier; 2010. 3365-3376. Hospenthal DR. Entomophthoramycosis, Lobomycosis, Rhinosporidiosis, and Sporotrichosis. Guerrant RL, Walker DH, Weller PF, eds. Tropical Infectious Diseases. Principles, Pathogens, & Practice . 3rd. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. 603-607. Karunaratne WAE. Rhinosporidiosis in Man . London, England: The Athlone Press; 1964. Kwon-Chung KJ, Bennett JE. Rhinosporidiosis. Medical Mycology . Philadelphia, Pa: Lea & Febiger; 1992. 695-706. Mohan H, Chander J

2014 eMedicine.com

231. Sarcoidosis (Treatment)

, and trypanosomiasis Fungal infections - Actinomycosis, aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis, nocardiosis, and sporotrichosis Helminth infestations - Ascaris, cysticercosis, taeniasis, Diptera larvae, and nematode infestations (onchocerciasis and Toxocara, Ancylostoma, and Necator species) Viral uveitis - Herpes simplex, herpes zoster, vaccinia, and cytomegalovirus Differential diagnosis of posterior uveitis that may clinically mimic

2014 eMedicine.com

232. Keratoacanthoma (Treatment)

corticosteroid treatment of multiple eruptive keratoacanthomas: case report and review of a controversial therapy. Dermatol Surg . 2002 Oct. 28(10):954-8. . Frank TL, Maguire HC Jr, Greenbaum SS. Multiple painful keratoacanthomas. Int J Dermatol . 1996 Sep. 35(9):648-50. . Meffert JJ. Cutaneous sporotrichosis presenting as a keratoacanthoma. Cutis . 1998 Jul. 62(1):37-9. . Patel NP, Cervino AL. Treatment of keratoacanthoma: Is intralesional methotrexate an option?. Can J Plastic Surg . Summer 2011. (19)2:e15

2014 eMedicine.com

233. Meningitis (Overview)

, and plant products. Human infections are characteristically lymphocutaneous. Extracutaneous manifestations of sporotrichosis may occur, though meningeal sporotrichosis, which is the most severe form, is a rare complication. AIDS is a reported underlying risk factor in many described cases and is associated with a poor outcome. Infection with free-living amebas is an infrequent but often life-threatening human illness, even in immunocompetent individuals. N fowleri is the only species of Naegleria

2014 eMedicine.com

234. Pneumonia, Fungal (Overview)

is soil enriched by nitrogen contained in birds' and bats' droppings, [ ] whereas B dermatitidis is found in the soil and decaying wood, especially in waterways. [ ] Coccidioides species is found in alkaline, highly salinic, sandy soils and extreme temperatures. Sporotrichosis has been described worldwide; prevalence is higher in tropical and temperate zones. Infection generally occurs following traumatic inoculation with soil, plants, and organic matter contaminated with the fungus. However (...) . [ ] Among the Candida species, C albicans and C glabrata rank as the two most frequently isolated organisms. [ ] Despite the frequent isolation of Candida species from respiratory samples in nonneutropenic patients, the organisms are not considered causes of pneumonia regardless of the species isolated. [ ] Pneumonia from Candida species is exceptional in nonneutropenic patients. [ ] Sporothrix schenckii is the etiological agent of sporotrichosis, a chronic fungal infection that most frequently affects

2014 eMedicine.com

235. Nocardiosis (Overview)

and often misdiagnosed as sporotrichosis (more common) because it also manifests as a primary lesion at the site of injury, followed by a proximal spread of lymphangitis and nodular lesions along the lymphatics. The lymphocutaneous or sporotrichoid form is the least common form of primary cutaneous nocardiosis. However, it probably is more common than reported, and diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Of 14 patients reported from 1920-1986, more than half had a history of gardening or thorn

2014 eMedicine.com

236. Hand Infections (Follow-up)

infection is sporotrichosis; this condition can appear with an ulcerative lesion, along with lymphadenopathy. Gardeners are most commonly infected. Oral itraconazole for 3-6 months is the current recommended course of treatment. Fungal abscesses or disseminated fungal infections can occur and are usually found in immunocompromised patients. [ ] Previous Next: Surgical Therapy As a rule, all abscess cavities must be drained. Antibiotics alone are not effective in treating pus. If the patient does

2014 eMedicine Surgery

237. Hand Infections (Treatment)

infection is sporotrichosis; this condition can appear with an ulcerative lesion, along with lymphadenopathy. Gardeners are most commonly infected. Oral itraconazole for 3-6 months is the current recommended course of treatment. Fungal abscesses or disseminated fungal infections can occur and are usually found in immunocompromised patients. [ ] Previous Next: Surgical Therapy As a rule, all abscess cavities must be drained. Antibiotics alone are not effective in treating pus. If the patient does

2014 eMedicine Surgery

238. Nocardiosis (Diagnosis)

and often misdiagnosed as sporotrichosis (more common) because it also manifests as a primary lesion at the site of injury, followed by a proximal spread of lymphangitis and nodular lesions along the lymphatics. The lymphocutaneous or sporotrichoid form is the least common form of primary cutaneous nocardiosis. However, it probably is more common than reported, and diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Of 14 patients reported from 1920-1986, more than half had a history of gardening or thorn

2014 eMedicine.com

239. Meningitis (Treatment)

Med . 2010 Jan 14. 362(2):146-54. . Sloan D, Dlamini S, Paul N, Dedicoat M. Treatment of acute cryptococcal meningitis in HIV infected adults, with an emphasis on resource-limited settings. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2008 Oct 8. CD005647. . Kauffman CA, Bustamante B, Chapman SW, Pappas PG. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of sporotrichosis: 2007 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis . 2007 Nov 15. 45(10):1255-65. . Treatment of tuberculosis. MMWR

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

240. Meningitis (Overview)

, and plant products. Human infections are characteristically lymphocutaneous. Extracutaneous manifestations of sporotrichosis may occur, though meningeal sporotrichosis, which is the most severe form, is a rare complication. AIDS is a reported underlying risk factor in many described cases and is associated with a poor outcome. Infection with free-living amebas is an infrequent but often life-threatening human illness, even in immunocompetent individuals. N fowleri is the only species of Naegleria

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

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