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Spondylosis

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1301. Inverse relation between osteoporosis and spondylosis in postmenopausal women as evaluated by bone mineral density and semiquantitative scoring of spinal degeneration. (Abstract)

Inverse relation between osteoporosis and spondylosis in postmenopausal women as evaluated by bone mineral density and semiquantitative scoring of spinal degeneration. The relation between bone mineral density and severity of spondylosis was evaluated in postmenopausal women.To examine the possible inverse relation between osteoporosis and spondylosis by evaluating the association between bone mineral density and osteophyte formation or intervertebral disc narrowing using a semiquantitative (...) scoring system.The literature contains studies demonstrating an inverse relation between osteoporosis and spondylosis as well as those documenting insufficient support for such a relation. However, in these studies, only limited-range grading systems (e.g., Grades 1-4) were used to evaluate the severity of spondylosis.In this study, 104 postmenopausal women older than 60 years underwent bone mineral density measurement of the lumbar spine (anteroposterior, lateral, and midlateral) and proximal femur

2003 Spine

1302. Angiogenesis in osteoarthritis and spondylosis: successful repair with undesirable outcomes. (Abstract)

Angiogenesis in osteoarthritis and spondylosis: successful repair with undesirable outcomes. Osteoarthritis and spondylosis are frequently described as "wear-and-tear" arthritis, apparently contradicting modern management, which focuses on continuing and progressive exercise. Laboratory findings, including the growth of new blood vessels, encourage comparisons with repair processes. This review aims to place recent evidence in the context of previous work emphasizing the dynamic nature (...) in osteophytes and at the osteochondral junction, thereby contributing to radiologic disease progression. Innervation of new blood vessels may contribute importantly to chronic pain.Reconceptualizing osteoarthritis and spondylosis as reparative processes provides a pathologic model consistent with current advice to exercise, when exercise facilitates repair. Repair does not, however, lead to normal tissue, and understanding the mechanisms by which changes in joint innervation may occur as a consequence

2004 Current Opinion in Rheumatology

1303. Correlation of nerve root pain with dermatomal sensory threshold and back pain with spinal movement in single level lumbar spondylosis. (Abstract)

Correlation of nerve root pain with dermatomal sensory threshold and back pain with spinal movement in single level lumbar spondylosis. We studied 27 patients with low back pain and unilateral L5 or S1 spinal nerve root pain. Significant radiological changes were restricted to the symptomatic root level, when compared with controls. Low back and leg pain were graded on a visual analogue scale. Dermatomal quantitative sensory tests revealed significant elevations of warm, cool and touch

2004 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery British Volume

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