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Spondylosis

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21. [Clinical effect of grain-moxibustion combined with acupuncture in treating cervical spondylosis with neck pain]. (PubMed)

[Clinical effect of grain-moxibustion combined with acupuncture in treating cervical spondylosis with neck pain]. To observe the differences in the clinical effects on cervical spondylosis with neck pain between the grain-moxibustion combined with acupuncture and simple acupuncture.Eighty-eight cervical spondylosis patients with neck pain who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 44 cases in each one. The patients in the control group (...) ). There was no significant difference in NPQ scores and MPQ scores between the two groups after one course of treatment (both P>0.05), but the NPQ scores and MPQ scores in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group after 6 months follow-up (both P<0.05).The immediate efficacy of grain-moxibustion combined with acupuncture for cervical spondylosis with neck pain is similar to that of simple acupuncture, however, the long-term curative effect is better.

2018 Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion

22. [Effects on cervical spondylosis of neck type treated with (PubMed)

[Effects on cervical spondylosis of neck type treated with To observe the clinical effects on cervical spondylosis of neck type treated with the combined therapy of Hegu needling and Shu needling techniques at the positive reaction points as compared with the conventional acupuncture.A total of 90 patients of cervical spondylosis of neck type were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 45 cases in each one. In the observation group, the combined therapy of Hegu needling (...) <0.05).Either the combined therapy of Hegu needling and Shu needling techniques at the positive reaction points or the conventional acupuncture is effective in the treatment of cervical spondylosis of neck type. The combined therapy of Hegu needling and Shu needling techniques at the positive reaction points achieves the superior effects as compared with the conventional acupuncture.

2018 Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion

23. A preliminary study: The effect of ergonomic latex pillow on pain and disability in patients with cervical spondylosis. (PubMed)

A preliminary study: The effect of ergonomic latex pillow on pain and disability in patients with cervical spondylosis. Background: Cervical pillows are considered to be part of the therapeutic strategy in cervical spondylosis, but there is little or no convincing scientific evidence on the effectiveness of these pillows in relieving pain and disability in these patients. Hence, this study investigated the effects of ergonomic latex pillow in conjunction with routine physiotherapy versus (...) routine physiotherapy alone on disability and pain intensity in patients with cervical spondylosis. Methods: 22 patients with cervical spondylosis in a single-blinded pilot study with a pre/post-test design were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Both groups received 12 sessions of physiotherapy for four weeks. In the experimental group, participants were given an ergonomic latex pillow to sleep it for four weeks. Participants in the control group slept on their own usual pillow

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2018 Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

24. Comparison of high-intensity laser therapy and combination of ultrasound treatment and transcutaneous nerve stimulation in patients with cervical spondylosis: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Comparison of high-intensity laser therapy and combination of ultrasound treatment and transcutaneous nerve stimulation in patients with cervical spondylosis: a randomized controlled trial. The aim of the study was to compare the effect of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) and a combination of ultrasound (US) treatment and transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) on pain, range of motion (ROM), and functional activity in patients with cervical spondylosis (CS). A total of 84 patients (...) analgesic efficacy and improved function in patients affected by cervical spondylosis 4 weeks after the therapy. HILT plus exercise was more effective than US/TENS plus exercise. HILT can be promoted and used in this pathology with positive outcomes. However, further studies are needed to optimize the dose and duration of HILT therapy.

2018 Lasers in medical science

25. Association of Arrhythmia in Patients with Cervical Spondylosis: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study (PubMed)

Association of Arrhythmia in Patients with Cervical Spondylosis: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study Sympathetic activity, including cervical ganglia, is involved in the development of cardiac arrhythmias.The present study investigated the association between cervical spondylosis and arrhythmia, which has never been reported before.Patients newly diagnosed with cervical spondylosis (CS) with an index date between 2000 and 2011 were identified from the National Health Insurance Research (...) of atrial fibrillation (95% CI = 1.79⁻2.76) compared with non-CS cohort.Cervical spondylosis is associated with a higher risk of arrhythmia.

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2018 Journal of clinical medicine

26. A Hybrid Dynamic Stabilization and Fusion System in Multilevel Lumbar Spondylosis (PubMed)

A Hybrid Dynamic Stabilization and Fusion System in Multilevel Lumbar Spondylosis The Dynesys-Transition-Optima (DTO) hybrid system was designed to achieve arthrodesis and stabilization in patients with lumbar degeneration. Satisfactory outcomes were demonstrated previously. However, no study has evaluated the effects of using the DTO system in patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis or stenosis.This retrospective study included 35 consecutive patients with multilevel lumbar degeneration

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2018 Neurospine

27. The Influence of Depression on Health Care Expenditures Among Adults with Spondylosis, Intervertebral Disc Disorders, and Other Back Problems in the United States. (PubMed)

The Influence of Depression on Health Care Expenditures Among Adults with Spondylosis, Intervertebral Disc Disorders, and Other Back Problems in the United States. Back pain is a very prevalent complaint, affecting two-thirds of the US population, and it accounts for $100 billion annually in health care expenditures. The occurrence of depression has been reported in existing literature among patients with back pain, but there is limited information regarding health care expenditures among (...) patients with back pain and concurrent depression.To assess excess total and subtypes of health care expenditures among adults with spondylosis, intervertebral disc disorders, and other back problems who reported having depression compared with those without depression in the United States.We utilized a cross-sectional design, pooling Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data from 2010-2012. The eligible study sample included adults (age ≥18 years) who reported positive health care expenditure. Total

2018 Pain Medicine

28. Risk of posterior circulation stroke in patients with cervical spondylosis: A nationwide, population-based study. (PubMed)

Risk of posterior circulation stroke in patients with cervical spondylosis: A nationwide, population-based study. Cervical spondylosis (CS) is reported to be associated with vertebrobasilar insufficiency. However, few cohort studies have investigated the association between CS and posterior circulation ischemic stroke.The study cohort comprised 27,990 patients aged ≥18 years with a first diagnosis of CS. The controls consisted of patients with propensity score matched for age, sex

2018 Atherosclerosis

29. Prevalence of and risk factors for Modic change in patients with symptomatic cervical spondylosis: an observational study (PubMed)

Prevalence of and risk factors for Modic change in patients with symptomatic cervical spondylosis: an observational study The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of cervical Modic change (MC) in patients with cervical spondylosis and to develop a better understanding of the possible risk factors for the prevalence of MC.Between January 2014 and April 2017, patients with cervical spondylosis were included in our study. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI (...) ) to evaluate the presence of MC. The MC was classified into three types according to the Modic classification. Potential risk factors were collected from demographic data, lifestyle variables, laboratory tests, and radiographic images. Both univariate and multivariate analysis were used to detect factors associated with MC. We further compared several variables related to fat metabolism between patients with Type 1 and Type 2 MC.The prevalence of MC in patients with cervical spondylosis was 9.24%. The MC

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2018 Journal of pain research

30. Diagnosis and Incidence of Spondylosis and Cervical Disc Disorders in the University Clinical Hospital in Olsztyn, in Years 2011–2015 (PubMed)

Diagnosis and Incidence of Spondylosis and Cervical Disc Disorders in the University Clinical Hospital in Olsztyn, in Years 2011–2015 Disorders connected with the musculoskeletal and central nervous system dysfunction are the most significant clinical problem worldwide. Our earlier research has shown that back and spinal disorders and lumbar disc disorders were most frequently diagnosed using MRI scanner at the University Clinical Hospital (UCH) in Olsztyn in years 2011-2015. We have also (...) observed that another two diseases of spinal column, spondylosis and cervical disc disorders, were also very prevalent. The main objective of this work was to analyze the prevalence of spondylosis and cervical disc disorders in the study population diagnosed at UCH in years 2011-2015.The digital database including patients' diagnostic and demographic information was generated based on MRI reports from years 2011-2015 and analyzed using SPSS software.Within the study group (n = 13298) the most

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2018 BioMed research international

31. Association between Cervical Spondylosis and Migraine: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study (PubMed)

Association between Cervical Spondylosis and Migraine: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study Background: Few studies have investigated the longitudinal association between cervical spondylosis (CS) and migraine by using a nationwide population-based database. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from 2000 to 2011 identifying 27,930 cases of cervical spondylosis and 111,720 control subjects (those without cervical spondylosis) from a single database. The subjects were frequency (...) -matched on the basis of sex, age, and diagnosis date. The non- cervical spondylosis cohort was four times the size of the cervical spondylosis cohort. To quantify the effects of cervical spondylosis on the risk of migraine, univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR), and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: After a 10-year follow-up controlling for potential confounding factors, overall migraine incidence was higher

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

32. The prevalence and associated factors of symptomatic cervical Spondylosis in Chinese adults: a community-based cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

The prevalence and associated factors of symptomatic cervical Spondylosis in Chinese adults: a community-based cross-sectional study. Cervical spondylosis adversely affects life quality for its heavy disease burden. The report on the community-based prevalence and associated factors of cervical spondylosis is rare, especially in Chinese population. Whether prevention is needed and how to prevent it is not clear. This study aims to explore its prevalence and related lifestyle factors and provide (...) evidence on prevention of cervical spondylosis.A community-based multistage cross-sectional survey of six communities from the Chinese population was conducted. A face-to-face interview was conducted to obtain individual information, and prevalence was calculated. Single-factor analysis and multivariable logistic regressions were used to explore the associated factors in total and subgroup populations.A total of 3859 adults were analyzed. The prevalence of cervical spondylosis was 13.76%, although

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2018 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

33. Atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis: Comparison of the treatment effect of different surgical approaches. (PubMed)

Atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis: Comparison of the treatment effect of different surgical approaches. To compare the effectiveness of total disk replacement (TDR), anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and laminoplasty on atypical symptoms of cervical spondylosis.Patients with confirmed diagnosis of cervical spondylosis and reported atypical symptoms such as blurred vision, headache, nausea, palpitation, tinnitus, vertigo, hypomnesia, and abdominal discomfort (...) significantly alleviated in most patients after surgical intervention. No significant differences were found regarding the change of severity of those symptoms among patients in different surgery groups.TDR, ACDF, and laminoplasty can equally alleviate the severity of atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis. This indicates that the neural network in the posterior longitudinal ligament may not be the cause of atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis.

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2018 Medicine

34. Efficacy of cortico/cancellous composite allograft in treatment of cervical spondylosis. (PubMed)

Efficacy of cortico/cancellous composite allograft in treatment of cervical spondylosis. This was a prospective comparative study.The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes of patients treated with cortico/cancellous composite allograft or autoiliac bone graft in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion.Several methods have been developed to fuse the cervical spine for treatment of cervical spondylosis. Cortico/cancellous composite allograft might be another (...) alternative.A total of 46 patients who underwent surgery for treatment of cervical spondylosis were evaluated between September 2010 and January 2015. The duration of operation, blood loss, perioperative complications, neck disability index (NDI), visual analogue scale (VAS), and fusion rates were compared between the 2 groups.There were no significant differences in clinical or radiologic outcomes between the patients treated with cortico/cancellous composite allograft and those treated with autoiliac bone

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2017 Medicine

35. ACDF vs TDR for patients with cervical spondylosis - an 8 year follow up study. (PubMed)

ACDF vs TDR for patients with cervical spondylosis - an 8 year follow up study. ACDF has been considered as the gold standard in the treatment of single level cervical disk protrusion. However, it may cause adjacent level degeneration due to regional biomechanical changes. TDR has been applied with satisfactory results for over a decade, but there is no consensus if TDR is safer and more efficient than ACDF. The current study was carried out to compare the efficiency and safety of TDR and ACDF

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2017 BMC Surgery

36. Anterior Cervical Spondylosis Surgical Interventions are Associated with Improved Lordosis and Neurological Outcomes at Latest Follow up: A Meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Anterior Cervical Spondylosis Surgical Interventions are Associated with Improved Lordosis and Neurological Outcomes at Latest Follow up: A Meta-analysis. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cervical spondylosis surgery on cervical lordosis and to identify factors affecting the change by latest follow-up. Literature search was carried out in electronic databases and study selection followed a priori eligibility criteria. Random effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate effect

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2017 Scientific reports

37. Surgical interventions for cervical spondylosis due to ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament: A meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Surgical interventions for cervical spondylosis due to ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament: A meta-analysis. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various surgical interventions for the management of cervical spondylosis due to the ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).After a comprehensive literature search in electronic databases, studies were selected by following pre-determined eligibility criteria. Random effects meta-analyses were performed (...) ) improved JOA score. Anterior surgical approaches had an effect size of 4.80 [4.10-5.50] and posterior approaches with laminectomy and laminoplasty improved JOA score by 3.57 [2.39-4.75] and 3.99 [3.65-4.32], respectively. Improvement in JOA score was significantly inversely related to the preoperative JOA score (P < .00001). Surgical interventions did not significantly affect cervical lordosis at the latest follow-up.Surgical interventions for cervical spondylosis due to OPLL significantly improve JOA

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2017 Medicine

38. Relationship between the small cervical vertebral body and the morbidity of cervical spondylosis. (PubMed)

Relationship between the small cervical vertebral body and the morbidity of cervical spondylosis. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the size of the cervical vertebral body and the morbidity of cervical spondylosis, and to examine the characteristics of spondylosis patients with small cervical vertebral bodies.The clinical data and the sagittal reconstructions of computed tomography images of 182 patients with cervical spondylosis were collected retrospectively. Patients (...) achieved similar recovery rates in the SCVB group and the NSCVB group (81.8% vs 93.6%; P > .05). The rate of symptom (eg, axial neck pain) recurrence and persistence in the SCVB group was significantly higher than in the NSCVB group (P < .05).Our study found that smaller size of the cervical vertebral body is an attributing factor for cervical spondylosis. Patients with smaller cervical vertebral bodies are prone to persistent axial neck pain, but not neurological symptoms.

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2017 Medicine

39. Double crush syndrome caused by cervical spondylosis and vertebral artery loop. (PubMed)

Double crush syndrome caused by cervical spondylosis and vertebral artery loop. The purpose of this article is to report a successful treatment experience in a rare case of simultaneous cervical nerve root compression by spondylotic cervical foraminal stenosis and a vertebral artery loop.51-year-old man presented with a 4-year history of left-sided cervical pain radiating to the left shoulder with progressive exacerbation of weakness on left shoulder girdle muscles for 7 months. The patient had (...) girdle returned normal.This report illustrates the first phenomenon of a double crush syndrome caused by vertebral artery loop and cervical spondylotic changes. When patients with cervical spondylosis present with unexplainably severe pain and weakness, additional underlying pathologies should be considered when making differential diagnoses. The investigation planning should involve electromyography, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance imaging.

2017 European Spine Journal

40. Complications and Mortality Following One to Two-Level Anterior Cervical Fusion for Cervical Spondylosis in Patients Above 80 Years of Age. (PubMed)

Complications and Mortality Following One to Two-Level Anterior Cervical Fusion for Cervical Spondylosis in Patients Above 80 Years of Age. A retrospective database review.The aim of this study was to determine the complication and mortality rates in patients 80 years of age and older who were treated with anterior cervical fusion surgery and to compare these rates against those of other elderly patients.Cervical spondylosis is frequently observed in the elderly and is the most common cause (...) of myelopathy in older adults. With increasing life expectancies, a greater proportion of patients are being treated with spine surgery at a later age. Limited information is available regarding outcomes following anterior cervical fusion surgery in patients 80 years of age or older.Medicare data from the PearlDiver Database (2005-2012) were queried for patients who underwent primary one to two-level anterior cervical spine fusion surgeries for cervical spondylosis. After excluding patients with prior spine

2017 Spine

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