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Spondylosis

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242. Arthroplasty versus ACDF for cervical spondylosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Arthroplasty versus ACDF for cervical spondylosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing

2013 PROSPERO

243. CRACKCast E043 – Spinal Injuries

Extension x 3 Posterior neural arch fracture – fracture of neural arch of c1 (just look it up…) from compression of posterior elements of c2 Unstable secondary to location Hangman’s fracture – classically described as forced extension against a noose, this traumatic spondylosis of both pedicles of c2, now more commonly seen in MVC Technically unstable, but often without cord damage secondary to the very large neural canal diameter here Extension teardrop – abrupt extension results in ALL pulling off

2016 CandiEM

244. CRACKCast E001 – Airway

is the presence of an underbite: if the patient CANNOT bite their upper lip with their lower teeth (buck teeth boy) they will be a very difficult tube!!*** Evaluate the 3-3-2 rule Mouth opening, length of mandible, and thyromental distance A high riding larynx and receding mandible = impossible tube Mallampati score : Mallampati I = easy; Mallampati IV = challenging Use a Laryngoscope to visualize in obtunded pts. Obstruction or obesity Epiglottitis, ludwig’s angina, etc. Neck mobility Spondylosis, Rheumatoid

2016 CandiEM

245. Stress (Fatigue/Insufficiency) Fracture, Including Sacrum, Excluding Other Vertebrae

for genetic damage, malformation, or neurodevelopmental effects based on current knowledge [79]. Furthermore, MRI may also demonstrate other reasons for occult pelvic pain, such as soft-tissue abnormalities or the subchondral hip or supra-acetabular stress fractures described in some osteoporotic patients [63]. The clinical differential diagnosis includes sacroiliitis from inflammatory or infectious causes, osteitis condensans ilii, and lumbosacral degenerative spondylosis [60]. Variant 12: Suspect stress

2016 American College of Radiology

246. Osteoporosis and Bone Mineral Density

. The NOF recommends treatment in patients with a 10-year probability of a hip fracture =3% or a 10-year probability of a major osteoporosis-related fracture =20% based on FRAX [16]. Two sites are routinely evaluated with DXA: the lumbar spine and hip. Up to 4 vertebral levels, L1-L4, are measured and reported in addition to 2 regions of the hip: the total and the neck [12]. In the event of artifactually elevated lumbar spine BMD due to fracture, facet joint osteoarthritis, or spondylosis, up to 2 (...) with spondylosis and degenerative facet osteoarthritis. Such findings may involve 1 or more of the L1 ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 12 Osteoporosis and Bone Mineral Density through L4 levels scanned. The International Society of Clinical Densitometry recommends that no more than 2 levels may be excluded from the overall calculation of lumbar spine BMD [55]. If more than 2 levels are involved, then the entire spine should be excluded from evaluation [55]. In this circumstance the recommendation is to scan

2016 American College of Radiology

247. Cervical Radiculopathy and Myelopathy

[3, 4] . Previous neck injuries, cervical strains, and arthritis increase the risk of developing DDD, which may result in the development of abnormal bony spurs (spondylosis). Less commonly, cervical DDD progression and its sequelae may directly compress parts of the spinal cord (myelopathy), affecting gait and balance. Treatment options for DDD include conservative and surgical measures. In the general population, the rate of surgery for degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine increased (...) syndromes of degenerative cervical spondylosis. Adv Orthop, 2012. 2012: p. 393642. 3. Matsumoto, M., Y. Fujimura, N. Suzuki, Y. Nishi, M. Nakamura, Y. Yabe, and H. Shiga, MRI of cervical intervertebral discs in asymptomatic subjects. J Bone Joint Surg Br, 1998. 80(1): p. 19-24. 4. Lehto, I.J., M.O. Tertti, M.E. Komu, H.E. Paajanen, J. Tuominen, and M.J. Kormano, Age-related MRI changes at 0.1 T in cervical discs in asymptomatic subjects. Neuroradiology, 1994. 36(1): p. 49-53. 5. Patil, P.G., D.A. Turner

2016 Washington State Department of Labor and Industries

248. Polymyalgia rheumatica

might it be? Exclusion of other conditions is essential to making a working of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Disorders that can cause similar symptoms to PMR include: Degenerative disorders (may coexist with PMR and increase the need for steroid treatment). These include: Cervical and lumbar spondylosis — neck and back pain. For more information, see the CKS topics on and . Osteoarthritis — commonly involves hands, hips, knees, and spine. Pain improves with rest and increases with joint use

2019 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

249. Cerebral palsy

, adults with CP are more likely to have bone and joint disorders. Refer to a specialist orthopaedic or musculoskeletal service if a bone or joint disorder is suspected and causing pain or affecting posture or function. These may include osteoarthritis, cervical instability or spondylosis (including athetosis), spinal deformity (including scoliosis, kyphosis and lordosis), subluxation of the hips, wrist and shoulders, biomechanical knee problems, and abnormalities of the foot structure. Be aware

2019 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

250. Ankylosing spondylitis

might it be? Differential diagnoses of axial spondyloarthritis include: Degenerative or mechanical problems (most common) — for example degenerative disc disease, spondylosis, congenital vertebral anomalies, degenerative changes in the intevertebral (facet) joints, osteoarthritis of sacroiliac joints. Fractures. Infectious sacroiiitis. Bone metastasis. Primary bone tumours. Spinal stenosis. Hypermobility. Basis for recommendation Basis for recommendation This information is based on expert opinion

2019 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

251. In vivo three-dimensional kinematics of the cervical spine during maximal active head rotation. (PubMed)

In vivo three-dimensional kinematics of the cervical spine during maximal active head rotation. The aim of this study was to measure the movement of the cervical spine in healthy volunteers and patients with cervical spondylosis (CS) and describe the actual motion of the cervical spine using a three-dimensional (3D) CT reconstruction method. The results can enrich current biomechanical data of cervical spine and help to find the differences between the noted two groups.20 healthy volunteers

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2019 PLoS ONE

252. Urinary incontinence in neurological disease: assessment and management

cord conditions cord conditions Spinal dysraphism (such as myelomeningocoele) Spinal cord injury Multiple sclerosis Cervical spondylosis with myelopathy Sacr Sacral spinal cord or al spinal cord or peripher peripheral nerv al nerve e conditions conditions Spinal dysraphism Sacral agenesis Anorectal anomalies Cauda equina syndrome Spinal cord injury Peripheral nerve injury from radical pelvic surgery Peripheral neuropathy Urinary incontinence in neurological disease: assessment and management (CG148

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

254. Neck pain - acute torticollis

for recommendation This information is based on expert opinion in narrative reviews ABC of Rheumatology: pain in neck, shoulder and arm [ ], Advances in the diagnosis and management of neck pain [ ], Cervical spondylosis and neck pain [ ], The diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific neck pain and whiplash [ ], and a chapter on neck pain in the Oxford textbook of primary medical care [ ]. Red flags The negative predictive value of these red flags is high. If no red flags are present, then it is unlikely (...) , shoulder, and arm. 310 ( 6973 ), 183 - 186 . Binder,A.I. ( 2007a ) Cervical spondylosis and neck pain. British Medical Journal. 334 ( 7592 ), 527 - 531 . Binder,A. ( 2007b ) The diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific neck pain and whiplash. Europa Medicophysica. 43 ( 1 ), 79 - 89 . [ ] BMJ ( 2018a ) Assessment of neck pain. BMJ Best Practice . BMJ ( 2018b ) Acquired torticollis. BMJ Best Practice . Cohen, S.P. ( 2015 ) Epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of neck pain. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 90 ( 2

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

255. Neck pain - cervical radiculopathy

disc herniation and spondylosis. Cervical radiculopathy is most prevalent in people aged 50 to 54 years, and the annual incidence in: Men is 107 per 100,000. Women is 64 per 100,000. Most people with cervical radiculopathy will improve regardless of the treatment. Around 88 per cent of people improve within four weeks with non-operative management. Assessment of people with suspected cervical radiculopathy should include: Excluding red flags features which suggest a serious spinal pathology. Asking (...) Assessment of neck pain [ ], expert opinion in narrative reviews Advances in the diagnosis and management of neck pain [ ], Nonoperative management of cervical radiculopathy [ ], Cervical spondylosis and neck pain [ ], The diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific neck pain and whiplash [ ], and a chapter on neck pain in the Oxford textbook of primary medical care [ ]. This CKS topic covers the management of neck pain with symptoms and/or signs of nerve root compression or injury (cervical radiculopathy

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

256. Neck pain - non-specific

and management of neck pain [ ] Cervical spondylosis and neck pain [ ], The diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific neck pain and whiplash [ ], and a chapter on neck pain in the Oxford textbook of primary medical care [ ]. Signs and symptoms What are the signs and symptoms of non-specific neck pain? The clinical features of non-specific neck pain include: Pain that is aggravated by particular movements, posture, and activities. Pain that radiates in a non-segmental distribution down the arm, up into the head (...) in post–menopausal women). Minor trauma may fracture the spine in people with osteoporosis. Risk factors for osteoporosis. For more information, see the CKS topic on . A history of neck surgery. Basis for recommendation Basis for recommendation This information is based on expert opinion in narrative reviews Advances in the diagnosis and management of neck pain [ ], Cervical spondylosis and neck pain [ ], The diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific neck pain and whiplash [ ], and a chapter on neck pain

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

257. The Dynamic Functional Nucleus is a Potential Biomarker for Structural Degeneration in Cervical Spine Discs. (PubMed)

, that is, the disc region that underwent little to no additional compression during dynamic movements. The size and location of the dynamic functional nucleus was determined for 10 C5/C6 spondylosis patients, 10 C5/C6/C7 spondylosis patients, and 10 asymptomatic controls. The dynamic functional nucleus size was sensitive (significantly smaller than controls in 5 of 6 measurements at the diseased disc) and specific (no difference from controls in 9 of 10 measurements at non-diseased discs) to pathologic disc

2019 Journal of Orthopaedic Research

258. Ankylosing Spondylitis: MRI

to ankylosing spondylitis, suggesting other forms of spondyloarthritis, most commonly psoriatic arthritis. Ankylosis —Bony bridges and new bone formation occur in the intervertebral disks in long-standing disease. Differentials Degenerative or infective sacroilitis . Osteitis condensans ilii. Osteophytes of lumbar spondylosis. Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Modic lesion. Infective spondyldiskits. Ankylosing Spondylitis: MRI Reviewed by Sumer Sethi on Friday, January 11, 2019 Rating: 5 Tags

2019 Sumer's Radiology Blog

259. Association between rainfall and diagnoses of joint or back pain: retrospective claims analysis. (PubMed)

related conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, spondylosis, intervertebral disc disorders, and other non-traumatic joint disorders) was compared between rainy days and non-rainy days, adjusting for patient characteristics, chronic conditions, and geographic fixed effects (thereby comparing rates of joint or back pain related outpatient visits on rainy days versus non-rainy days within the same area).Of the 11 673 392 outpatient visits by Medicare beneficiaries, 2 095 761 (18.0%) occurred

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2017 BMJ

260. A comparative study for the usage of Fidji cervical cages after multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. (PubMed)

A comparative study for the usage of Fidji cervical cages after multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Postoperative dysphagia is one major concern in the treatment for patients with cervical spine spondylosis by using anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with plating and cage system.To evaluate the influence of two types of surgery for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) on postoperative dysphagia, namely ACDF with cage alone (ACDF-CA) using Fidji cervical

2019 Injury

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