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Speech Language Pathology

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181. The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech 20749187 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 1 957 1879 May 03 British medical journal Br Med J The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech. 653-5 Bristowe J S JS eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1879 5 3 0 0 1879 5 3 0 1 ppublish 20749187 PMC2240302

1879 British medical journal

182. The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech 20749194 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 1 958 1879 May 10 British medical journal Br Med J The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech. 691-4 Bristowe J S JS eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1879 5 10 0 0 1879 5 10 0 1 ppublish 20749194 PMC2240309

1879 British medical journal

183. The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech 20749201 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 1 959 1879 May 17 British medical journal Br Med J The Lumleian Lectures on the Pathological Relations of the Voice and Speech. 731-4 Bristowe J S JS eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1879 5 17 0 0 1879 5 17 0 1 ppublish 20749201 PMC2240346

1879 British medical journal

184. Analysis and Pathological Physiology of the Troubles of Speech in the General Paralysis of the Insane Full Text available with Trip Pro

Analysis and Pathological Physiology of the Troubles of Speech in the General Paralysis of the Insane 20747896 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 1 755 1875 Jun 19 British medical journal Br Med J Analysis and Pathological Physiology of the Troubles of Speech in the General Paralysis of the Insane. 807-8 Voisin A A eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1875 6 19 0 0 1875 6 19 0 1 ppublish 20747896 PMC2295837

1875 British medical journal

185. Surgery for Triple Pathology of Giant Vestibular Schwannoma Associated with Carotid Artery Stenosis and Intracranial Aneurysm: Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Surgery for Triple Pathology of Giant Vestibular Schwannoma Associated with Carotid Artery Stenosis and Intracranial Aneurysm: Case Report Here we report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with a highly unusual combination of three pathologies, namely a giant left-sided vestibular schwannoma, severe stenosis of the left internal carotid artery, and a right anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. The chosen approach comprised three consecutive surgical procedures, namely (1) aneurysm (...) embolization, (2) carotid stenosis stenting, and (3) vestibular schwannoma excision. This approach avoided complications and achieved a satisfactory functional outcome. To the best of our knowledge, this combination of three conditions has not been previously reported in the English-language literature.

2018 Journal of neurological surgery reports

186. Management of Pathological Fractures in Children

? Guidelines for management or treatment of pathological fractures, prevention of pathological fractures, identification of pathological fractures (particularly in non-verbal children) ? Impact of pathological fractures on function (e.g., strength, coordination, gait, etc.) Study Designs Health technology assessment reports, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, evidence-based guidelines RESULTS Rapid Response reports are organized so that the higher quality evidence is presented first. Therefore, health (...) Management of Pathological Fractures in Children Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time allowed. Rapid responses should be considered along with other

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

187. Putting the patient at the centre of pathology: an innovative approach to patient education-MyPathologyReport.ca. (Abstract)

safety, pathologists are being called upon to play a more direct role in patient care. Novel approaches have been undertaken by pathologists to address this need, including the addition of patient-friendly summaries at the beginning of pathology reports and the development of patient education tools. MyPathologyReport.ca is a novel website exclusively providing pathology education to patients. It has been designed to help patients understand the language of pathology and to effectively navigate (...) Putting the patient at the centre of pathology: an innovative approach to patient education-MyPathologyReport.ca. In many centres, patients now have access to their electronic medical record (EMR) and laboratory results, including pathology reports, are amongst the most frequently accessed pieces of information. The pathology report is an important but highly technical medical document that can be difficult for patient and clinicians alike to interpret. To improve communication and patient

2020 Journal of Clinical Pathology

188. The association between Ki-67 expression and the clinical pathological characteristics of colorectal cancer: A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The association between Ki-67 expression and the clinical pathological characteristics of colorectal cancer: A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. This study will explore the association between Ki-67 expression and clinical pathological characteristics (CPC) of colorectal cancer (CC).We will search relevant studies from electronic databases (Cochrane Library, PUBMED, EMBASE, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, China Biology Medicine, and China (...) National Knowledge Infrastructure) from beginning to April 1, 2020 without language and publication time limitations. We will consider all case-controlled studies (CCSs) or randomized controlled studies (RCSs) investigating the association between Ki-67 expression and CPC of CC. We will appraise study quality of CCSs by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, and RCSs by Cochrane risk of bias tool. Statistical analysis will be carried out by Review Manager 5.3 software.The present study will explore the association

2020 Medicine

189. Is Complete Pathologic Response in Pancreatic Cancer Overestimated? A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies. (Abstract)

and Medline with the terms "neoadjuvant OR preoperative", "pancreatic OR pancreas" and "cancer OR adenocarcinoma OR tumor" led to the identification of 3128 papers. We restricted the search to humans, last 10 years and English language articles resulting in 1158 eligible articles to review. Extended paper revision led to the inclusion of 27 papers. Complete pathologic response ranged 0-11.11%, at the meta-analysis 4% (95% CI 3-5%), in prospective studies 0-9.09% and in prospective databases 1.63-11.11 (...) Is Complete Pathologic Response in Pancreatic Cancer Overestimated? A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies. In literature, percentages of pathologic complete response (pCR) in patients presenting with resectable (RES), borderline resectable (BLR) or locally advanced (LA) pancreatic cancer (PaC) after neoadjuvant treatment (NADT) are variable, ranging 0-33%. Those data come mostly from retrospective reviews of single centres. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the incidence

2020 Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

190. MONOLINGUAL OR BILINGUAL INTERVENTION FOR PRIMARY LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT? A RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL. (Abstract)

not suggest that the therapy had resulted in gains in the home language.The intervention used in this study is in line with current recommendations of major speech-language pathology organizations. However, the findings indicate that the bilingual treatment created through collaboration with parents was not effective in creating a sufficiently intense bilingual context to make it significantly different from the monolingual treatment. Further studies are needed to assess the gains associated with clinical (...) MONOLINGUAL OR BILINGUAL INTERVENTION FOR PRIMARY LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT? A RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL. This study investigated the clinical effectiveness of monolingual versus bilingual language intervention, the latter involving speech-language pathologist-parent collaboration. The study focuses on methods that are currently being recommended and that are feasible within current clinical contexts.Bilingual children with primary language impairment who speak a minority language as their home

2014 Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR Controlled trial quality: uncertain

191. Integration of multimodal MRI data via PCA to explain language performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integration of multimodal MRI data via PCA to explain language performance Neuroimaging research has predominantly focused on exploring how cortical or subcortical brain abnormalities are related to language dysfunction in patients with neurological disease through the use of single modality imaging. Still, limited knowledge exists on how various MRI measures relate to each other and to patients' language performance. In this study, we explored the relationship between measures of regional (...) cortical thickness, gray-white matter contrast (GWMC), white matter diffusivity [mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA)] and the relative contributions of these MRI measures to predicting language function across patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and healthy controls. T1- and diffusion-weighted MRI data were collected from 56 healthy controls and 52 patients with TLE. By focusing on frontotemporal regions implicated in language function, we reduced each domain of MRI data to its

2014 NeuroImage : Clinical

192. Specific language impairment: a convenient label for whom? Full Text available with Trip Pro

impairment' from DSM-5 and conclude that the term has been a convenient label for researchers, but that the current classification is unacceptably arbitrary. Furthermore, we argue there is no empirical evidence to support the continued use of the term SLI and limited evidence that it has provided any real benefits for children and their families. In fact, the term may be disadvantageous to some due to the use of exclusionary criteria to determine eligibility for and access to speech pathology services (...) an agreed definition and set of criteria for language impairment. Given the rich data now available in population studies it is possible to test the validity of these definitions and criteria. Consultation with service users and policy-makers should be incorporated into the decision-making process.© 2014 The Authors International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists.

2014 International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

193. Evaluating a web-based clinical decision support system for language disorders screening in a nursery school. Full Text available with Trip Pro

is to enhance the screening of language disorders at a nursery school. The common lack of early diagnosis of language disorders led us to deploy an easy-to-use CDSS in order to evaluate its accuracy in early detection of language pathologies. This CDSS can be used by pediatricians to support the screening of language disorders in primary care.This paper details the evaluation results of the "Gades" CDSS at a nursery school with 146 children, 12 educators, and 1 language therapist. The methodology embraces (...) a few questions about speech production and pragmatic abilities. The refinement of the KB will address these issues and include the requested improvements, with the support of the experts who took part in the original KB development.This research demonstrated the benefit of a Web-based CDSS to monitor children's neurodevelopment via the early detection of language delays at a nursery school. Current next steps focus on the design of a model that includes pseudo auto-learning capacity, supervised

2014 Journal of medical Internet research

194. Treatment Efficacy for Developmental Motor Speech Disorders

in Windsor, The ErinoakKids Centre for Treatment and Development in Mississauga, and The Speech and Stuttering Institute in Toronto. The study integrity will be monitored by an arms-length, external agency, The Applied Health Research Centre (AHRC) at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. The study is coordinated by the Department of Speech-Language Pathology at the University of Toronto and funded by the PROMPT Institute in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study (...) related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Intervention Group - PROMPT therapy Prompts for Restructuring Oral Muscular Phonetic Targets (PROMPT) Behavioral: PROMPT The PROMPT approach utilizes a motor-speech hierarchy (MSH) to guide speech language pathologists (SLP) in selecting speech movement goals for treatment. PROMPT treatment generally proceeds systematically in a bottom-up fashion starting with the lowest subsystem in the hierarchy where a child has

2014 Clinical Trials

195. Enhancing Speech Fluency With Non-invasive Brain Stimulation in Developmental Stuttering

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: Other Study ID Numbers: MSD-IDREC-C2-2014-013 First Posted: November 11, 2014 Last Update Posted: January 31, 2017 Last Verified: January 2017 Keywords provided by University of Oxford: Stammering Brain stimulation Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Disease Stuttering Speech Disorders Pathologic Processes Language Disorders Communication Disorders Neurobehavioral Manifestations Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Signs and Symptoms (...) /treatment Phase Stuttering Fluency Disorders Speech Disorders Device: Anodal TDCS Behavioral: Fluency Training Not Applicable Detailed Description: Studies using TDCS have shown improvements in motor performance, and in expressive language skills in clinical and healthy populations. The benefits of single sessions of TDCS are short-lived. However, stimulation over multiple sessions can increase and prolong learning effects that can persist for several weeks after the end of the stimulation period. We

2014 Clinical Trials

196. Anatomic and Advanced Adenoma Detection Rates as Quality Metrics Determined via Natural Language Processing. (Abstract)

Anatomic and Advanced Adenoma Detection Rates as Quality Metrics Determined via Natural Language Processing. The objectives of this study were to use an open-source natural language-processing tool (NLP) to accurately assess total, anatomic (left and right colon), and advanced adenoma detection rates (ADRs) and to determine how these metrics differ between high- and low-performing endoscopists.An NLP tool was developed using the Apache Unstructured Information Management Architecture (...) and queried all procedure records for screening colonoscopies performed in patients aged 50-75 years at a single institution from April 1998 to December 2013. Validation was performed on 200 procedures and associated pathology reports. The total, left colon, right colon, and advanced ADRs were calculated and physicians were stratified by total ADR (<20% and ≥20%). Comparisons of colonoscopy characteristics and ADR comparisons (advanced, left, right, and right/left ratio) were determined by t-tests

2014 American Journal of Gastroenterology

197. Effect of Normal Aging on Language Processing

Effect of Normal Aging on Language Processing Effect of Normal Aging on Language Processing - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effect of Normal Aging on Language Processing (SEMVIE) The safety (...) Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to understand the effect of age on language abilities. The investigators aim at investigating the cerebral modifications that take place in normal aging, at the functional an anatomical level. Condition or disease Cognition Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Actual Enrollment : 33 participants Observational Model: Other Time Perspective: Prospective Official Title: Cognitive Mechanisms and Cerebral

2014 Clinical Trials

198. Using Natural Language Processing to Improve Efficiency of Manual Chart Abstraction in Research: The Case of Breast Cancer Recurrence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using Natural Language Processing to Improve Efficiency of Manual Chart Abstraction in Research: The Case of Breast Cancer Recurrence. The increasing availability of electronic health records (EHRs) creates opportunities for automated extraction of information from clinical text. We hypothesized that natural language processing (NLP) could substantially reduce the burden of manual abstraction in studies examining outcomes, like cancer recurrence, that are documented in unstructured clinical (...) text, such as progress notes, radiology reports, and pathology reports. We developed an NLP-based system using open-source software to process electronic clinical notes from 1995 to 2012 for women with early-stage incident breast cancers to identify whether and when recurrences were diagnosed. We developed and evaluated the system using clinical notes from 1,472 patients receiving EHR-documented care in an integrated health care system in the Pacific Northwest. A separate study provided the patient

2014 American Journal of Epidemiology

199. Velopharyngeal incompetence in patients with cleft palate, flexible video pharyngoscopy and perceptual speech assessment: a correlational pilot study. (Abstract)

-patient clinics was performed. The velar defect type was determined using a flexible endoscope and findings were video recorded. Speech pathology was assessed using the cleft palate audit protocol for speech.A significant, clinically relevant relationship was noted between the perceived characteristics of hypernasality and velopharyngeal insufficiency type. Hypernasal speech was a definite clinical indicator of velopharyngeal incompetence, and the type 1 velopharyngeal defect was most common. Type 1 (...) Velopharyngeal incompetence in patients with cleft palate, flexible video pharyngoscopy and perceptual speech assessment: a correlational pilot study. To assess the role of video endoscopy in evaluating velopharyngeal incompetence and investigate a possible relationship between velopharyngeal incompetence type and speech defect in cleft palate patients.A prospective study of 28 pre- or post-operative cleft palate patients with speech defects who attended Plastic Surgery-Cleft Palate and ENT out

2014 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

200. The correlation between central auditory processing in autistic children and their language processing abilities. (Abstract)

The correlation between central auditory processing in autistic children and their language processing abilities. To study the auditory profile at different levels of the auditory system in children with ASD and to verify the role of (Central) auditory processing disorder as an essential pathology of the autistic disorder or as an associated co-morbidity, and to establish the correlation between CAP findings and the language delay in these cases.The study included 30 children with definite (...) autistic disorder according to DSM-IV-TR criteria and ADI-R among those attending the outpatient neuropsychiatry clinic of Alexandria University Children Hospital at El Shatby. An informed consent was taken from all patients in this part of the study. Confidentiality of the records was maintained.All cases were subjected to complete history taking and examination; special assessment to language skills and evoked potentials were done.The results concluded that (central) auditory processing disorder

2014 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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