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Speech Delay

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41. Is there an association between age at first words and speech sound disorders among 4- to 5-year-old children? An epidemiological cross-sectional study based on parental reports. (PubMed)

impairment (p < 0.001) and stuttering (p = 0.001) which resulted significantly associated to SSD, age at first words does not seem to be a predictor of SSD (p = 0.11); however, it remains a useful indicator of language delay and, when considered in association with other language milestones, can be a reason of concern for parents and caregivers about their children's developmental and speech therapy needs.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (...) Is there an association between age at first words and speech sound disorders among 4- to 5-year-old children? An epidemiological cross-sectional study based on parental reports. To investigate the role of the period of emergence of the first words and its interactions with other risk factors in predicting the development of speech sound disorder (SSD) among 4- to 5-year-old children.After 373 children underwent otolaryngology and speech pathology examinations, their parents answered

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

42. Internet delivery of intensive speech and language therapy for children with cerebral palsy: a pilot randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Internet delivery of intensive speech and language therapy for children with cerebral palsy: a pilot randomised controlled trial. To test the feasibility of recruitment, retention, outcome measures and internet delivery of dysarthria therapy for young people with cerebral palsy in a randomised controlled trial.Mixed methods. Single blind pilot randomised controlled trial, with control offered Skype therapy at end of study. Qualitative study of the acceptability of therapy delivery via (...) Skype.Nine speech and language therapy departments in northern England recruited participants to the study. Skype therapy was provided in a university setting.Twenty-two children (14 M, 8 F) with dysarthria and cerebral palsy (mean age 8.8 years (SD 3.2)) agreed to take part. Participants were randomised to dysarthria therapy via Skype (n=11) or treatment as usual (n=11).Children received either usual speech therapy from their local therapist for 6 weeks or dysarthria therapy via Skype from a research

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2019 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

43. Screening for Speech and Language Delay in Children 5 Years Old and Younger: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Screening for Speech and Language Delay in Children 5 Years Old and Younger: A Systematic Review. No recommendation exists for or against routine use of brief, formal screening instruments in primary care to detect speech and language delay in children through 5 years of age. This review aimed to update the evidence on screening and treating children for speech and language since the 2006 US Preventive Services Task Force systematic review.Medline, the Cochrane Library, PsycInfo, Cumulative (...) tools, sensitivity ranged between 50% and 94%, and specificity ranged between 45% and 96%. Twelve treatment studies improved various outcomes in language, articulation, and stuttering; little evidence emerged for interventions improving other outcomes or for adverse effects of treatment. Risk factors associated with speech and language delay were male gender, family history, and low parental education. A limitation of this review is the lack of well-designed, well-conducted studies addressing

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2015 Pediatrics

44. Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Aged 5 Years or Younger: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. (PubMed)

Screening for Speech and Language Delay and Disorders in Children Aged 5 Years or Younger: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. This report is an update of the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2006 recommendation on screening for speech and language delay in preschool-aged children.The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on screening for speech and language delay and disorders in children aged 5 years or younger, including the accuracy of screening in primary care (...) for speech and language delay and disorders in children aged 5 years or younger (I statement).Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

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2015 Pediatrics

45. Speech, language, hearing delays: Time for early intervention? (PubMed)

Speech, language, hearing delays: Time for early intervention? A wait-and-see approach may not be best for the child exhibiting delayed development. This review--complete with extensive resource lists--can facilitate an expeditious referral.

2015 Journal of Family Practice

46. The effects of delayed auditory and visual feedback on speech production (PubMed)

The effects of delayed auditory and visual feedback on speech production Monitoring the sensory consequences of articulatory movements supports speaking. For example, delaying auditory feedback of a speaker's voice disrupts speech production. Also, there is evidence that this disruption may be decreased by immediate visual feedback, i.e., seeing one's own articulatory movements. It is, however, unknown whether delayed visual feedback affects speech production in fluent speakers. Here (...) , the effects of delayed auditory and visual feedback on speech fluency (i.e., speech rate and errors), vocal control (i.e., intensity and pitch), and speech rhythm were investigated. Participants received delayed (by 200 ms) or immediate auditory feedback, while repeating sentences. Moreover, they received either no visual feedback, immediate visual feedback, or delayed visual feedback (by 200, 400, and 600 ms). Delayed auditory feedback affected fluency, vocal control, and rhythm. Immediate visual

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2015 The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

47. Will diminishing cochlear delay affect speech perception in noise? (PubMed)

Will diminishing cochlear delay affect speech perception in noise? Normal auditory systems appear well habituated to time/phase delays inherent to sound encoding along the hearing organ, sending frequency information non-simultaneously to the central auditory system. Eliminating, or simply perturbing, the cochlear delay might be expected to decrease speech recognition ability, especially under demanding listening conditions. Resources of a larger-scale investigation permitted a preliminary (...) examination of this issue, particularly on a relevant timescale of empirically demonstrated cochlear delays.In a randomized controlled trial study, word recognition was tested for mono-syllabic tokens treated digitally to exacerbate, if not diminish/nullify, such delays. Speech-weighted noise was used to interfere with listening to time-frequency reversed (nominally no delay) versus non-reversed (natural timing) transforms under three treatments of speech tokens: (1) original-digitally recorded; digitally

2015 International journal of audiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

48. What an Otolaryngologist Should Know About Evaluation of a Child Referred for Delay in Speech Development. (PubMed)

What an Otolaryngologist Should Know About Evaluation of a Child Referred for Delay in Speech Development. Otolaryngologists are asked to evaluate children who a parent, physician, or someone else believes is slow in developing speech. Therefore, an otolaryngologist should be familiar with milestones for normal speech development, the causes of delay in speech development, and the best ways to help assure that children develop the ability to speak in a normal way.To provide information (...) for otolaryngologists that is helpful in the evaluation and management of children perceived to be delayed in developing speech.Data were obtained via literature searches, online databases, textbooks, and the most recent national guidelines on topics including speech delay and language delay and the underlying disorders that can cause delay in developing speech. Emphasis was placed on epidemiology, pathophysiology, most common presentation, and treatment strategies. Most of the sources referenced were published

2014 JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery

49. A case report of de novo missense FOXP1 mutation in a non-Caucasian patient with global developmental delay and severe speech impairment (PubMed)

A case report of de novo missense FOXP1 mutation in a non-Caucasian patient with global developmental delay and severe speech impairment The FOXP protein family (FOXP1-4) is a group of transcription factors that play important roles in embryological, immunological, hematological, and speech and language development. Here, we report FOXP1 de novo mutation and severe speech delay in an individual belonging to a non-Caucasian population.

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2014 Clinical Case Reports

50. Developmental rheumatology in children. Scenario: Delayed walking in children

neuromuscular diseases and neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy, particularly if there is also global delay with speech, hearing, vision, and fine motor milestones [ ; ]. Spina bifida and lysosomal storage disorders can cause delayed motor milestones, and hypermobility and developmental hip dysplasia may also present with delayed walking [ ; ]. Limp Limp For more information on managing a limping child, see the CKS topic on . Out-toeing Out-toeing Out-toeing describes lateral or external rotation (...) Developmental rheumatology in children. Scenario: Delayed walking in children Developmental rheumatology in children - NICE CKS Share Developmental rheumatology in children: Summary Musculoskeletal complaints are a common cause of visits to primary care, but a large proportion of these are for children and adolescents who are entirely healthy or who are developmentally within a normal physiological range. Presentations in children include: Back pain — in school-age children and adolescents

2019 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

51. Slurring of Speech and Lip Paresthesia: Symptoms of Levodopa End of Dose Wearing Off in Parkinson's Disease (PubMed)

Slurring of Speech and Lip Paresthesia: Symptoms of Levodopa End of Dose Wearing Off in Parkinson's Disease The prolonged use of levodopa for treating Parkinson's disease is associated with motor and nonmotor complications. These include wearing-off, delayed-on, partial-on, no-on, and on-off phenomena. In the wearing-off effect, symptoms return before a patient's next scheduled dose of levodopa. Patients may present with motor, sensory, or autonomic fluctuations. In this report, we present (...) a female patient experiencing numbness of lips and slurred speech as a symptom of wearing-off effect. The major differential for sudden numbness of lips and slurred speech includes transient ischemic attacks. Therefore, it is imperative to identify the cause of these episodes so that appropriate treatment can be initiated. Our patient underwent extensive cardiac and neurological investigations, the findings of which were unremarkable. Her symptoms were likely due to levodopa wearing-off. Her condition

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2018 Cureus

52. Sonority's Effect as a Surface Cue on Lexical Speech Perception of Children With Cochlear Implants. (PubMed)

), a grammatical phonotactic rule, which facilitates the recognition and segmentation of syllables within speech. The more nonsonorous the onset of a syllable is, the larger is the degree of sonority rise to the nucleus, and the more optimal the SSP. Children with CIs may experience hindered or delayed development of the language-learning rule SSP, as a result of their deprived/degraded auditory experience. The purpose of the study was to explore sonority's role in speech perception and lexical access (...) Sonority's Effect as a Surface Cue on Lexical Speech Perception of Children With Cochlear Implants. Sonority is the relative perceptual prominence/loudness of speech sounds of the same length, stress, and pitch. Children with cochlear implants (CIs), with restored audibility and relatively intact temporal processing, are expected to benefit from the perceptual prominence cues of highly sonorous sounds. Sonority also influences lexical access through the sonority-sequencing principle (SSP

2018 Ear and hearing

53. Medical Attention Seeking After Transient Ischemic Attack and Minor Stroke Before and After the UK Face, Arm, Speech, Time (FAST) Public Education Campaign: Results From the Oxford Vascular Study. (PubMed)

took place from July 1, 2013, to March 2, 2015.Face, Arm, Speech, Time (FAST) public education campaign in the United Kingdom.Number of early recurrent strokes in patients who delayed or failed to seek medical attention, as well as the odds of seeking urgent attention after TIA and minor stroke before vs after initiation of the public education campaign.Among 2243 consecutive patients with first TIA or stroke (mean [SD] age, 73.6 [13.4] years; 1126 [50.2%] female; 96.3% of white race/ethnicity (...) Medical Attention Seeking After Transient Ischemic Attack and Minor Stroke Before and After the UK Face, Arm, Speech, Time (FAST) Public Education Campaign: Results From the Oxford Vascular Study. Risk of major stroke is high during the hours and days after transient ischemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke but is substantially reduced by urgent medical treatment. Public education campaigns have improved the response after major stroke, but their association with behavior after TIA and minor

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2018 JAMA neurology

54. Emotional speech processing deficits in bipolar disorder: The role of mismatch negativity and P3a. (PubMed)

delayed MMN latency and reduced P3a amplitude in response to the emotional syllables compared to HC.Small sample size, lack of control of psychopharmacological intervention and no inclusion of an affective prosody-labelling task.The finding that changes in emotional speech prosody in the pre-attentive stages of processing (MMN) were unimpaired in individuals with BD; while automatic orientation towards emotionally salient speech (P3a) was reduced compared to HC, suggests that vocal emotional cues may (...) Emotional speech processing deficits in bipolar disorder: The role of mismatch negativity and P3a. Deficits in emotional prosody processing have been observed in bipolar disorder (BD). While recent neural studies have explored impaired processing of facial expressions, little is known about deficits in emotional speech processing, or the specific stages of processing at which they occur. This study examined if pre-attentive detection and attention to emotional speech is impaired in BD, relative

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

55. Sensorimotor Representation of Speech Perception. Cross-Decoding of Place of Articulation Features during Selective Attention to Syllables in 7T fMRI (PubMed)

shape the processing and performance of speech perception tasks. Whether and where sensorimotor integration takes place during attentive speech perception remains to be explored. Here, we investigate articulatory feature representations of spoken consonant-vowel (CV) syllables during two distinct tasks. Fourteen healthy humans attended to either the vowel or the consonant within a syllable in separate delayed-match-to-sample tasks. Single-trial fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses (...) Sensorimotor Representation of Speech Perception. Cross-Decoding of Place of Articulation Features during Selective Attention to Syllables in 7T fMRI Sensorimotor integration, the translation between acoustic signals and motoric programs, may constitute a crucial mechanism for speech. During speech perception, the acoustic-motoric translations include the recruitment of cortical areas for the representation of speech articulatory features, such as place of articulation. Selective attention can

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2018 eNeuro

56. The Effects of Fluency Enhancing Conditions on Sensorimotor Control of Speech in Typically Fluent Speakers: An EEG Mu Rhythm Study (PubMed)

, delayed auditory feedback (DAF), prolonged speech and pseudostuttering). Independent component analysis (ICA) was used to identify sensorimotor μ components from EEG recordings. Time-frequency analyses measured μ-alpha (8-13 Hz) and μ-beta (15-25 Hz) event-related synchronization (ERS) and desynchronization (ERD) during each speech condition. Results: 19/24 participants contributed μ components. Relative to the control condition, the choral and DAF conditions elicited increases in μ-alpha ERD (...) The Effects of Fluency Enhancing Conditions on Sensorimotor Control of Speech in Typically Fluent Speakers: An EEG Mu Rhythm Study Objective: To determine whether changes in sensorimotor control resulting from speaking conditions that induce fluency in people who stutter (PWS) can be measured using electroencephalographic (EEG) mu rhythms in neurotypical speakers. Methods: Non-stuttering (NS) adults spoke in one control condition (solo speaking) and four experimental conditions (choral speech

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2018 Frontiers in human neuroscience

57. Neural preservation underlies speech improvement from auditory deprivation in young cochlear implant recipients (PubMed)

Neural preservation underlies speech improvement from auditory deprivation in young cochlear implant recipients Although cochlear implantation enables some children to attain age-appropriate speech and language development, communicative delays persist in others, and outcomes are quite variable and difficult to predict, even for children implanted early in life. To understand the neurobiological basis of this variability, we used presurgical neural morphological data obtained from MRI (...) of individual pediatric cochlear implant (CI) candidates implanted younger than 3.5 years to predict variability of their speech-perception improvement after surgery. We first compared neuroanatomical density and spatial pattern similarity of CI candidates to that of age-matched children with normal hearing, which allowed us to detail neuroanatomical networks that were either affected or unaffected by auditory deprivation. This information enables us to build machine-learning models to predict

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2018 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

58. The cerebral hemodynamic response to phonetic changes of speech in preterm and term infants: The impact of postmenstrual age (PubMed)

The cerebral hemodynamic response to phonetic changes of speech in preterm and term infants: The impact of postmenstrual age Higher brain dysfunction, such as language delay, is a major concern among preterm infants. Cerebral substrates of cognitive development in preterm infants remain elusive, partly because of limited methods. The present study focuses on hemodynamic response patterns for brain function by using near-infrared spectroscopy. Specifically, the study investigates gestational (...) differences in the hemodynamic response pattern evoked in response to phonetic changes of speech and cerebral hemispheric specialization of the auditory area in preterm infants (n = 60) and term infants (n = 20). Eighty neonates born between 26 and 41 weeks of gestational age (GA) were tested from 33 to 41 weeks of postmenstrual age (PMA). We analyzed the hemodynamic response pattern to phonemic and prosodic contrasts for multiple channels on temporal regions and the laterality index of the auditory area

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2018 NeuroImage : Clinical

59. Neural Indices of Intervention Outcomes in Children With Speech Sound Disorders

Typical hearing abilities Typical overall development No apparent organic anomalies of the speech mechanism No global cognitive delays No receptive language impairments Inclusion criteria (children with speech sound disorders): Speech production abilities below the 10th percentile Exclude a minimum of 4 English consonants from sound repertoire No prior speech and/or language intervention services Prior diagnosis of speech sound disorder (SSD) Inclusion criteria (typically developing children): - All (...) Neural Indices of Intervention Outcomes in Children With Speech Sound Disorders Neural Indices of Intervention Outcomes in Children With Speech Sound Disorders - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more

2018 Clinical Trials

60. Evaluation of the Effect of a Speech Detection Tool on the Improvement of Phonation in Neuromuscular Patients Dependent on Mechanical Ventilation

in patients dependant either on NIV or IVT. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Neuromuscular Diseases Mechanical Ventilation Speech Device: speech trials during different ventilation conditions Other: speech trial Not Applicable Detailed Description: Nowadays, the first line treatment of chronic respiratory failure in neuromuscular disorder is non invasive ventilation (NIV). However, while NIV can compensate the respiratory disability and significantly delays significantly the necessity (...) Evaluation of the Effect of a Speech Detection Tool on the Improvement of Phonation in Neuromuscular Patients Dependent on Mechanical Ventilation Evaluation of the Effect of a Speech Detection Tool on the Improvement of Phonation in Neuromuscular Patients Dependent on Mechanical Ventilation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save

2018 Clinical Trials

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