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Skin of Color

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121. Manipulation of parasite load induces significant changes in the structural-based throat color of male iberian green lizards Full Text available with Trip Pro

, as well as changes in endo- and ectoparasitic load and body condition. Additionally, after the experiment, we measured the skin inflammatory response to a mitogen. The fipronil treatment was effective in reducing ticks and it was associated with a significant reduction of hemoparasite load. Throughout the season, individuals treated with fipronil tended to maintain the brightness of the UV-blue throat coloration while control lizards tended to increase it. However, individuals treated with fipronil (...) Manipulation of parasite load induces significant changes in the structural-based throat color of male iberian green lizards The honesty of structural-based ornaments is controversial. Sexual selection theory predicts that the honesty of a sexual signal relies on its cost of production or maintenance. Therefore, environmental factors with negative impact on individuals could generate high costs and affect the expression of these sexual signals. In this sense, parasites are a main cost

2017 Current zoology

122. Stress‐induced changes in color expression mediated by iridophores in a polymorphic lizard Full Text available with Trip Pro

electron microscopy (TEM) of iridophore cells indicated that luminance increased with increasing density of iridophore cells and increased spacing (and/or reduced size) of crystalline guanine platelets within them. Crystal spacing within iridophores also differed between skin colors, being greater in cream than either gray or yellow skin and greater in orange than yellow skin. Our results demonstrate that stress detectably impacts signal expression (luminance and patterning), which may provide (...) Stress‐induced changes in color expression mediated by iridophores in a polymorphic lizard Stress is an important potential factor mediating a broad range of cellular pathways, including those involved in condition-dependent (i.e., honest) color signal expression. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying the relationship between stress and color expression are largely unknown. We artificially elevated circulating corticosterone levels in male tawny dragon lizards, Ctenophorus decresii

2017 Ecology and evolution

123. Regulatory pathway analysis of coat color genes in Mongolian horses Full Text available with Trip Pro

Regulatory pathway analysis of coat color genes in Mongolian horses Studies on the molecular genetics of horse skin pigmentation have typically focused on very few genes and proteins. In this study, we used Illumina sequencing to determine the global gene expression profiles in horses with white-colored coats and those with black-colored coats, with the goal of identifying novel genes that could regulate horse coat color.Genes encoding ribosomal-associated proteins were highly expressed (...) in horse skin. We found a total of 231 unigenes that were differentially expressed between horses with white coats and horses with black coats; 119 were down-regulated, and 112 were up-regulated. Many of the up-regulated genes in black horses, such as genes related to tyrosine metabolism, may directly regulate dark coat color. Keratin genes, MIA family genes, fatty acid-related genes, and melanoma-associated genes were also differentially regulated, which suggests that they may play important roles

2017 Hereditas

124. Endoscopic Stalk Resection of a Toe Ganglion With Color-aided Visualization Full Text available with Trip Pro

large skin incisions. We have treated toe ganglion cysts using endoscopy in the ganglion cyst by injecting methylene blue into the tendon sheath that connects to the ganglion stalk. The result has been favorable, without recurrence. The advantages of our technique include the following: (1) Endoscopy using a color aid can show the location of a ganglion stalk, and removing the stalk can prevent recurrence. (2) Endoscopic stalk-only resection is minimally invasive, allowing early mobilization (...) Endoscopic Stalk Resection of a Toe Ganglion With Color-aided Visualization Ganglion cysts are common cystic lesions filled with a jelly-like substance and originate from a joint capsule or tendon sheath through a stalk. Ganglion cysts mostly occur in the hand region, for which surgical excision usually results in good outcomes. In contrast, toe ganglions are relatively rare, and surgical treatment is associated with a high recurrence rate because of unidentifiable ganglion stalks, requiring

2017 Arthroscopy techniques

125. Colored and fluorescent nanofibrous silk as a physically transient chemosensor and vitamin deliverer Full Text available with Trip Pro

Colored and fluorescent nanofibrous silk as a physically transient chemosensor and vitamin deliverer Biodegradable and physically transient optics represent an emerging paradigm in healthcare devices by harnessing optically active system and obviating issues with chronic uses. Light emitting components that can efficiently interact with their environments have advantages of high sensitivity, visibility, and wireless operation. Here, we report a novel combination of silk biopolymer and optically (...) using four water soluble dyes: rhodamine B, sodium fluorescein, stilbene 420, and riboflavin. The FSN with sodium fluorescein especially, showed a sensing capability for hazardous and volatile hydrochloric acid vapors. Delivering riboflavin (vitamin B2, an important nutrient for skin care) in the FSN to a biological tissue could be observed by tracing the fluorescence of riboflavin.

2017 Scientific reports

126. Minocycline induced lupus with yellow colored chylous exudative pleural effusion Full Text available with Trip Pro

Minocycline induced lupus with yellow colored chylous exudative pleural effusion Ninety years old male was admitted to hospital due to breathlessness. The prominent findings were extensive blue-grey skin pigmentation and large left chylothorax. Drug induced lupus was diagnosed due to either minocycline chronic treatment or no alternative illness to explain his sub-acute disease. Minocycline therapy was stopped with gradual improvement of pleural effusion and skin discoloration. This case

2017 Respiratory Medicine Case Reports

127. Newborn Stool Color

Newborn Stool Color Newborn Stool Color Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Newborn Stool Color Newborn Stool Color Aka (...) : Newborn Stool Color , Neonatal Gastrointestinal Bleeding , Newborn Stool Blood , Acholic Stool in Newborns , Neonatal Black Stool , Neonatal Red Stool II. Exam: Normal Stool First few newborn stools are normally black and tarry (meconium) Subsequent stools become yellow-brown with a seedy consistency Normal stools may also vary from green to a darker brown frequency varies between several times daily to every few days III. Causes: Dark or black stool or bloody Emesis (upper gastrointestinal source

2019 FP Notebook

128. Color Doppler Ultrasonography in Prediction of Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation in Hemodialysis Patients

the opportunity of correction or appropriate treatment . Criteria for maturation after arteriovenous fistula creation: Vein diameter larger than 4 mm remote from the site of fistula. Vein located at a depth of <5 mm from skin surface. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants Observational Model: Cohort Time Perspective: Other Official Title: Role of Color Doppler Ultrasonography in Prediction of Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation (...) Color Doppler Ultrasonography in Prediction of Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation in Hemodialysis Patients Color Doppler Ultrasonography in Prediction of Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation in Hemodialysis Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100

2017 Clinical Trials

129. The modern Japanese color lexicon. Full Text available with Trip Pro

terms (aka/red, ki/yellow, midori/green, ao/blue, pink, orange, cha/brown, and murasaki/purple) plus eight additional terms: mizu ("water")/light blue, hada ("skin tone")/peach, kon ("indigo")/dark blue, matcha ("green tea")/yellow-green, enji/maroon, oudo ("sand or mud")/mustard, yamabuki ("globeflower")/gold, and cream. Of these additional terms, mizu was used by 98% of informants, and emerged as a strong candidate for a 12th Japanese basic color term. Japanese and American English color-naming (...) The modern Japanese color lexicon. Despite numerous prior studies, important questions about the Japanese color lexicon persist, particularly about the number of Japanese basic color terms and their deployment across color space. Here, 57 native Japanese speakers provided monolexemic terms for 320 chromatic and 10 achromatic Munsell color samples. Through k-means cluster analysis we revealed 16 statistically distinct Japanese chromatic categories. These included eight chromatic basic color

2017 Journal of vision

130. Color Doppler Ultrasound Early Diagnoses Simulator of Proliferative Nodule in Congenital Melanocytic Nevus. (Abstract)

Color Doppler Ultrasound Early Diagnoses Simulator of Proliferative Nodule in Congenital Melanocytic Nevus. 28319285 2017 09 14 1468-3083 31 9 2017 Sep Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Colour Doppler ultrasound early diagnoses simulator of proliferative nodule in congenital melanocytic nevus. e416-e418 10.1111/jdv.14231 Giavedoni P P Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clinic, 08036, Barcelona, Spain. Aranibar L L Department (...) of Dermatology, Hospital Clinico U. Chile, University of Chile, 8380456, Santiago, Chile. Wortsman X X Department of Imaging and Department of Dermatology, Institute for Diagnostic Imaging and Research of the Skin and Soft Tissues, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, 7591018, Santiago, Chile. eng Letter 2017 04 17 England J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 9216037 0926-9959 2017 3 21 6 0 2017 3 21 6 0 2017 3 21 6 0 ppublish 28319285 10.1111/jdv.14231

2017 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

131. Genomic expression differences between cutaneous cells from red hair color individuals and black hair color individuals based on bioinformatic analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genomic expression differences between cutaneous cells from red hair color individuals and black hair color individuals based on bioinformatic analysis The MC1R gene plays a crucial role in pigmentation synthesis. Loss-of-function MC1R variants, which impair protein function, are associated with red hair color (RHC) phenotype and increased skin cancer risk. Cultured cutaneous cells bearing loss-of-function MC1R variants show a distinct gene expression profile compared to wild-type MC1R cultured (...) cutaneous cells. We analysed the gene signature associated with RHC co-cultured melanocytes and keratinocytes by Protein-Protein interaction (PPI) network analysis to identify genes related with non-functional MC1R variants. From two detected networks, we selected 23 nodes as hub genes based on topological parameters. Differential expression of hub genes was then evaluated in healthy skin biopsies from RHC and black hair color (BHC) individuals. We also compared gene expression in melanoma tumors from

2016 Oncotarget

132. Testing the feasibility of augmented digital skin imaging to objectively compare the efficacy of topical treatments for radiodermatitis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Testing the feasibility of augmented digital skin imaging to objectively compare the efficacy of topical treatments for radiodermatitis. Radiation-induced dermatitis (RID) is routinely graded by visual inspection. Inter-observer variability makes this approach inadequate for an objective assessment of the efficacy of different topical treatments. In this study we report on the first clinical application of a new image-analysis tool developed to measure the relevant effects quantitatively (...) Events (CTCAE). For quantitative evaluation, the irradiated breast and the non-irradiated contralateral breast were photographed in a standardized manner including a color reference card. For analysis, all images were converted into the color space L*a*b* and mean values were calculated for each of the color parameters.The CTCAE-based grading revealed statistically significant inter-observer variability in the scoring of RID Grades 1, 2 and 3 (p<0.001). A difference between the two topical products

2019 PLoS ONE

133. Classification of skin lesions using transfer learning and augmentation with Alex-net. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of transfer learning and the pre-trained deep neural network. The transfer learning has been applied to the Alex-net in different ways, including fine-tuning the weights of the architecture, replacing the classification layer with a softmax layer that works with two or three kinds of skin lesions, and augmenting dataset by fixed and random rotation angles. The new softmax layer has the ability to classify the segmented color image lesions into melanoma and nevus or into melanoma, seborrheic keratosis (...) Classification of skin lesions using transfer learning and augmentation with Alex-net. Skin cancer is one of most deadly diseases in humans. According to the high similarity between melanoma and nevus lesions, physicians take much more time to investigate these lesions. The automated classification of skin lesions will save effort, time and human life. The purpose of this paper is to present an automatic skin lesions classification system with higher classification rate using the theory

2019 PLoS ONE

134. Genetics of zonal leaf chlorosis and genetic linkage to a major gene regulating skin anthocyanin production (MdMYB1) in the apple (Malus × domestica) cultivar Honeycrisp. Full Text available with Trip Pro

' was associated with increased ZLC incidence in offspring in both years and all families evaluated. The LG9 QTL was 5 to 10 cM from MdMYB1, which is a major gene regulating fruit skin anthocyanin production. 'Honeycrisp' is heterozygous for red fruit skin overcolor at MdMYB1. The 'Honeycrisp' haplotype at the LG9 QTL associated with increased ZLC is in linkage phase with the allele at MdMYB1 associated with red color. Selection for the red allele from 'Honeycrisp' at MdMYB1 will result in most offspring also (...) Genetics of zonal leaf chlorosis and genetic linkage to a major gene regulating skin anthocyanin production (MdMYB1) in the apple (Malus × domestica) cultivar Honeycrisp. 'Honeycrisp' is a widely grown and acclaimed apple cultivar that is commonly used in breeding programs. It also has a well-documented tendency to develop the physiological disorder, zonal leaf chlorosis (ZLC). This disorder causes reduced photosynthetic capacity and is thought to be due to a problem with phloem loading

2019 PLoS ONE

135. Hyperpigmentation after surgery for a deep dermal burn of the dorsum of the hand: partial-thickness debridement followed by medium split-thickness skin grafting vs full-thickness debridement followed by thick split-thickness skin grafting Full Text available with Trip Pro

 < 0.01). Quantitative skin color analyses in both the RGB and HSB color spaces showed that postoperative grafted skin was significantly darker than the adjacent control area in the PTD group, but not in the FTD group.There is a possibility that FTD followed by a thick STSG is an option that can reduce the risk of hyperpigmentation after surgery for DDB of the dorsum of the hand in Japanese patients. Further investigation is needed to clarify whether the FTD or the thick STSG or both are the factor (...) Hyperpigmentation after surgery for a deep dermal burn of the dorsum of the hand: partial-thickness debridement followed by medium split-thickness skin grafting vs full-thickness debridement followed by thick split-thickness skin grafting Early excision and skin grafting are commonly used to treat deep dermal burns (DDBs) of the dorsum of the hand. Partial-thickness debridement (PTD) is one of the most commonly used procedures for the excision of burned tissue of the dorsum of the hand

2016 Burns & trauma

136. Changes in Quality Characteristics of Pork Patties Containing Antioxidative Fish Skin Peptide or Fish Skin Peptide-loaded Nanoliposomes during Refrigerated Storage Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in Quality Characteristics of Pork Patties Containing Antioxidative Fish Skin Peptide or Fish Skin Peptide-loaded Nanoliposomes during Refrigerated Storage Marine fish skin peptides (FSP) have been widely studied due to their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. We aimed to use a natural antioxidant, FSP, to replacing synthetic preservatives in a pork patty model, which is safer for human body. Moreover, nano-liposome technology can be applied for masking the fishy smell (...) and improving the stability of this peptide. Therefore, in this study, the effects of FSP and FSP-loaded liposomes (FSPL) on pork patty were evaluated through the tests of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), color, cooking loss, texture, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), and the pH value, during 14 d of refrigerated (4°C) storage. The results showed that all FSP-treated patties had lower TBARS values than control patties, which indicated an inhibitory effect of FSP on lipid oxidation. This effect

2017 Korean journal for food science of animal resources

137. Melanoma Is Skin Deep: A 3D Reconstruction Technique for Computerized Dermoscopic Skin Lesion Classification Full Text available with Trip Pro

Melanoma Is Skin Deep: A 3D Reconstruction Technique for Computerized Dermoscopic Skin Lesion Classification Melanoma mortality rates are the highest amongst skin cancer patients. Melanoma is life threating when it grows beyond the dermis of the skin. Hence, depth is an important factor to diagnose melanoma. This paper introduces a non-invasive computerized dermoscopy system that considers the estimated depth of skin lesions for diagnosis. A 3-D skin lesion reconstruction technique using (...) the estimated depth obtained from regular dermoscopic images is presented. On basis of the 3-D reconstruction, depth and 3-D shape features are extracted. In addition to 3-D features, regular color, texture, and 2-D shape features are also extracted. Feature extraction is critical to achieve accurate results. Apart from melanoma, in-situ melanoma the proposed system is designed to diagnose basal cell carcinoma, blue nevus, dermatofibroma, haemangioma, seborrhoeic keratosis, and normal mole lesions

2017 IEEE journal of translational engineering in health and medicine

138. Evaluation of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure

Evaluation of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure Evaluation of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information (...) . Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Evaluation of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does

2017 Clinical Trials

139. Comparison of Scar Formation in Syndactyly Release Surgery With Full Thickness Skin Graft Versus Skin Graft Substitute

the thickness, color (darkness), pliability, appearance, and vascularity (redness) of a scar compared to normal skin and includes assessments by both the investigators and participant/caregiver. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests will be utilized to compare total scores for the Hyalomatrix and the full-thickness skin graft as matched pairs over time. Difference in web creeping between Hyalomatrix® and full-thickness skin graft when used during syndactyly release surgery as assessed by the Web Creep Assessment Scale (...) Comparison of Scar Formation in Syndactyly Release Surgery With Full Thickness Skin Graft Versus Skin Graft Substitute Comparison of Scar Formation in Syndactyly Release Surgery With Full Thickness Skin Graft Versus Skin Graft Substitute - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum

2017 Clinical Trials

140. Assessment of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure

Assessment of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure Assessment of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information (...) . Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Assessment of the Cosmetic Benefit of a Skin Cream in Healthy Females With Mild to Advanced Photo-damaged Facial Skin Who Have Undergone a Glycolic Acid Facial Peel Procedure The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does

2017 Clinical Trials

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