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Skin of Color

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41. Sun-Exposed Skin Color Is Associated with Changes in Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Racially/Ethnically Diverse Children. (PubMed)

Sun-Exposed Skin Color Is Associated with Changes in Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Racially/Ethnically Diverse Children. UVB light from the sun increases serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration, but this relation may depend on skin pigmentation among different racial/ethnic groups.We used quantitative measures of exposed (facultative) and unexposed (constitutive) skin color to examine relations between serum 25(OH)D concentration, tanning, race/ethnicity, and constitutive skin color (...) over the summer, following winter vitamin D supplementation.The subjects (n= 426, mean age 11.7 ± 1.4 y, 51% female) were racially/ethnically diverse schoolchildren (57% non-white/Caucasian) enrolled in a 6-mo vitamin D supplementation trial (October-December to April-June). In this secondary analysis, measures of serum 25(OH)D concentration and skin color, with the use of reflectance colorimetry, were taken over a 6-mo period after supplementation, from pre-summer (April-June) to post-summer

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2017 The Journal of nutrition

42. Psoriasis in Skin of Color: Insights into the Epidemiology, Clinical Presentation, Genetics, Quality-of-Life Impact, and Treatment of Psoriasis in Non-White Racial/Ethnic Groups. (PubMed)

Psoriasis in Skin of Color: Insights into the Epidemiology, Clinical Presentation, Genetics, Quality-of-Life Impact, and Treatment of Psoriasis in Non-White Racial/Ethnic Groups. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition affecting diverse racial/ethnic groups throughout the world. Large population-based studies suggest that psoriasis occurs most often in individuals of European ancestry, followed by black and Hispanic individuals, although the true prevalence of psoriasis in non-white (...) , quality-of-life impact, and treatment nuances of psoriasis in patients with skin of color.

2017 American journal of clinical dermatology

43. Increased vitamin D intake differentiated according to skin color is needed to meet requirements in young Swedish children during winter: a double-blind randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Increased vitamin D intake differentiated according to skin color is needed to meet requirements in young Swedish children during winter: a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Background: Dark skin and low exposure to sunlight increase the risk of vitamin D insufficiency in children.Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the amount of vitamin D needed to ascertain that most children >4 y of age attain sufficient serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [S-25(OH)D; i.e., ≥50 nmol/L] during winter (...) regardless of latitude and skin color.Design: In a longitudinal, double-blind, randomized, food-based intervention study, 5- to 7-y-old children from northern (63°N) and southern (55°N) Sweden with fair (n = 108) and dark (n = 98) skin were included. Children, stratified by skin color by using Fitzpatrick's definition, were randomly assigned to receive milk-based vitamin D3 supplements that provided 2 (placebo), 10, or 25 μg/d during 3 winter months.Results: Mean daily vitamin D intake increased from 6

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2017 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

44. Race/skin color and mental health disorders in Brazil: a systematic review of the literature.

Race/skin color and mental health disorders in Brazil: a systematic review of the literature. Mental health disorders contribute a significant burden to society. This systematic literature review aims to summarize the current state of the literature on race/skin color and mental health disorders in Brazil.PubMed and Lilacs were searched using descriptors for mental health disorders (depression, anxiety, Common Mental Disorders, psychiatric morbidity, etc.) and race to find studies conducted (...) in Brazil. Studies of non-population groups, that did not analyze race/skin color, or for which the mental disorder was not the object of study were excluded. After evaluation of quality, 14 articles were selected for inclusion. There was an overall higher prevalence of mental health disorders in non-Whites. Of the six multivariate analyses that found statistically significant results, five indicated a greater prevalence or odds of mental health disorder in non-Whites compared to Whites (measure

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2017 Ciencia & saude coletiva

45. Is Skin Coloration Measured by Reflectance Spectroscopy Related to Intake of Nutrient-Dense Foods? A Cross-Sectional Evaluation in Australian Young Adults (PubMed)

Is Skin Coloration Measured by Reflectance Spectroscopy Related to Intake of Nutrient-Dense Foods? A Cross-Sectional Evaluation in Australian Young Adults The current study examines associations between the dietary intakes of nutrient-dense foods, measured using brief indices and skin coloration, measured using reflectance spectroscopy in young adults. This is a cross-sectional analysis of 148 young Australian males and females (55% female) aged 18 to 25 years. Dietary intake was assessed using (...) for the ARFS (ρ = 0.30, p < 0.001) and FAVVA score (ρ = 0.39, p < 0.001). These remained significant after adjustment for confounders (total fat intake, sex, skin lightness) and for agreement based on categorical rankings. Results suggest that measurement of skin coloration by reflectance spectroscopy can be used as an indicator of overall dietary quality and variety in young adults. Further exploration in diverse populations is required.

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2017 Nutrients

46. Assessment of Dermatologists at Skin of Color Clinics

Assessment of Dermatologists at Skin of Color Clinics Assessment of Dermatologists at Skin of Color Clinics - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Assessment of Dermatologists at Skin of Color (...) Description Go to Brief Summary: As a physician, narrowing ones' practice to a particular pathology or group of people is common. Dermatologists are able to concentrate within a number of different areas: cancer, cosmetics, pediatrics or ethnic populations to name a few. Recently, there has been an emphasis on developing skin of color (SOC) clinics and recruiting dermatologists who focus on skin diseases that effect patients with skin of color. In this study, patients with SOC is defined to encompass

2017 Clinical Trials

47. Multiple Skin Colored Nodules on both Legs in Patient with Positive QuantiFERON®-TB Gold Test (PubMed)

Multiple Skin Colored Nodules on both Legs in Patient with Positive QuantiFERON®-TB Gold Test Nodular tuberculid (NT) was originally described by Jordaan et al. in 2000 in 4 patients from South Africa. It appeared as nodules on the legs; the pathologic changes were situated in the deep dermis and adjacent subcutaneous fat. A 34-year-old woman visited our hospital with subcutaneous skin-colored or slightly erythematous round to oval nodules. Skin biopsies revealed granulomatous inflammation (...) at the dermo-subcutaneous junction with vasculitis. Chest X-ray, tuberculosus (TB)-polymerase chain reaction and TB culture of the skin specimen were normal. A QuantiFERON®-TB Gold test (QUIAGEN, Germany) was positive, which suggested a diagnosis of latent TB infection. The patient was treated with anti-TB medication and her condition has not recurred. Herein, we report a case of a patient with latent TB diagnosed by a positive QuantiFERON®-TB Gold test whose skin lesions had the clinical

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2017 Annals of dermatology

48. Infant Skin Maturation: Preliminary Outcomes for Color and Biomechanical Properties (PubMed)

Infant Skin Maturation: Preliminary Outcomes for Color and Biomechanical Properties Newborn infant skin changes after birth but studies have focused on the epidermal barrier. Dermal properties are relevant for care, but literature on postnatal changes is sparse. We further characterized skin maturational changes in lightness, color and response to biomechanical stress.Normal skin sites from subsets of participants in a trial on the progression and stage of infantile hemangiomas were (...) retrospectively examined. Standardized photographs were analyzed as L*, a*, and b* images. Biomechanics were measured with the Cutometer® .Color changed significantly with increasing age. Skin was darker and redder at 2.0 vs. 5.4, 8.5 and 12.8 months. Yellow color increased, with higher values at 12.8 vs. 2.0, 3.5 and 5.4 months. Chest tissue was consistently more elastic than arm and face sites, with significantly higher elasticity for the youngest and oldest age groups. Biological elasticity, elastic

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2017 Skin research and technology : official journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI)

49. Racial differences in cancer susceptibility and survival: More than the color of the skin? (PubMed)

Racial differences in cancer susceptibility and survival: More than the color of the skin? Epidemiological studies point to race as a determining factor in cancer susceptibility. In US registries recording cancer incidence and survival by race (distinguishing 'black versus white'), individuals of African ancestry have a globally increased risk of malignancies compared with Caucasians and Asian Americans. Differences in socioeconomic status and health-care access play a key role. However

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2017 Trends in Cancer

50. Picosecond Lasers: A New and Emerging Therapy for Skin of Color, Minocycline-induced Pigmentation, and Tattoo Removal (PubMed)

Picosecond Lasers: A New and Emerging Therapy for Skin of Color, Minocycline-induced Pigmentation, and Tattoo Removal 28360964 2018 11 13 1941-2789 10 3 2017 Mar The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology J Clin Aesthet Dermatol Picosecond Lasers: A New and Emerging Therapy for Skin of Color, Minocycline-induced Pigmentation, and Tattoo Removal. 14-15 Jakus Jeannette J Department of Dermatology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York. Kailas Ajay A Department of Dermatology

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2017 The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology

51. Inference on the Genetic Basis of Eye and Skin Color in an Admixed Population via Bayesian Linear Mixed Models (PubMed)

Inference on the Genetic Basis of Eye and Skin Color in an Admixed Population via Bayesian Linear Mixed Models Genetic association studies in admixed populations are underrepresented in the genomics literature, with a key concern for researchers being the adequate control of spurious associations due to population structure. Linear mixed models (LMMs) are well suited for genome-wide association studies (GWAS) because they account for both population stratification and cryptic relatedness (...) and achieve increased statistical power by jointly modeling all genotyped markers. Additionally, Bayesian LMMs allow for more flexible assumptions about the underlying distribution of genetic effects, and can concurrently estimate the proportion of phenotypic variance explained by genetic markers. Using three recently published Bayesian LMMs, Bayes R, BSLMM, and BOLT-LMM, we investigate an existing data set on eye (n = 625) and skin (n = 684) color from Cape Verde, an island nation off West Africa

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2017 Genetics

52. Nonablative Fractional Laser Resurfacing in Skin of Color: Evidence-based Review (PubMed)

Nonablative Fractional Laser Resurfacing in Skin of Color: Evidence-based Review Background: Nonablative laser resurfacing represents one of the major advances in procedural dermatology over the past decade. However, its use in darker skin types is limited by safety concerns and a relative lack of available data. Aim: To provide evidence-based recommendations for the use of fractional lasers in darker skin types. Evidence review: A broad literature search of PubMed/Medline database (...) was conducted in April 2016 using the term fractional lasers. A free text search of keywords including fractional resurfacing, nonablative lasers, skin type, skin of color, ethnic skin, Fitzpatrick skin type, Asian skin, African Americans, Afro-Caribbean, and Hispanics was also executed. An in-depth review of all the relevant articles fitting the authors' inclusion/exclusion criteria was performed. Thereafter, each study was assigned levels of evidence per the Modified Criteria by Oxford Center of Evidence

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2017 The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology

53. Background and Room Illumination in Color Identification of Skin Lesions: A Cross-sectional Study (PubMed)

Background and Room Illumination in Color Identification of Skin Lesions: A Cross-sectional Study 28564694 2019 01 28 2019 01 28 2168-6084 153 10 2017 10 01 JAMA dermatology JAMA Dermatol Background and Room Illumination in Color Identification of Skin Lesions: A Cross-sectional Study. 1059-1061 10.1001/jamadermatol.2017.1016 Maymone Mayra B C MBC Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts. Neamah Hind H HH Department of Dermatology, Boston University (...) , Massachusetts. Vashi Neelam A NA Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts. eng Journal Article United States JAMA Dermatol 101589530 2168-6068 AIM IM Adult Aged Color Perception physiology Cross-Sectional Studies Dermatology methods Environment, Controlled Female Humans Light Male Middle Aged Skin Diseases diagnosis Skin Pigmentation Young Adult 2017 6 1 6 0 2019 1 29 6 0 2017 6 1 6 0 ppublish 28564694 2629948 10.1001/jamadermatol.2017.1016 PMC5817596 J Vis

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2017 JAMA dermatology

54. Assessment of the influence of gender and skin color on the preference of tooth shade in Saudi population (PubMed)

Assessment of the influence of gender and skin color on the preference of tooth shade in Saudi population The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of gender and skin color on the preference of different teeth shades in general population.Two standardized frontal smile photographs of male and female subjects were manipulated using photoshop to represent 4 skin colors [(type II, III, IV, and V) (Fitzpatrick scale)]. The teeth shades under each skin color were digitally manipulated (...) to represent one of 6 teeth shades (BL1, BL2, BL3, BL4, B1 and A1). A questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics (age, nationality, gender, education level, occupation, and income) along with the satisfaction of their smiles. Male and female set of pictures with combination of skin colors and teeth shades were presented and participants were asked to select the most esthetically pleasing teeth shade with regard to gender and skin color. Cross-tabulations and chi-squared tests were used to perform

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2017 The Saudi dental journal

55. Adaptation of human skin color in various populations (PubMed)

Adaptation of human skin color in various populations Skin color is a well-recognized adaptive trait and has been studied extensively in humans. Understanding the genetic basis of adaptation of skin color in various populations has many implications in human evolution and medicine.Impressive progress has been made recently to identify genes associated with skin color variation in a wide range of geographical and temporal populations. In this review, we discuss what is currently known about (...) the genetics of skin color variation. We enumerated several cases of skin color adaptation in global modern humans and archaic hominins, and illustrated why, when, and how skin color adaptation occurred in different populations. Finally, we provided a summary of the candidate loci associated with pigmentation, which could be a valuable reference for further evolutionary and medical studies.Previous studies generally indicated a complex genetic mechanism underlying the skin color variation, expanding our

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2017 Hereditas

56. Extreme “cannon A waves” and pulsatile skin color in complete heart block (PubMed)

Extreme “cannon A waves” and pulsatile skin color in complete heart block 29062706 2018 11 13 2214-0271 3 10 2017 Oct HeartRhythm case reports HeartRhythm Case Rep Extreme "cannon A waves" and pulsatile skin color in complete heart block. 493 10.1016/j.hrcr.2017.06.012 Morin Daniel P DP Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana. Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland, New Orleans, Louisiana. Bernard Michael L ML Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana. eng Journal

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2017 HeartRhythm Case Reports

57. Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta in skin of color: new observations by dermoscopy (PubMed)

Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta in skin of color: new observations by dermoscopy Pityriasis lichenoides is an uncommon skin disease that presents in three different forms: pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC) and febrile ulceronecrotic-Mucha-Habermann disease. These represent a spectrum of a disease. PLEVA presents as skin eruption of multiple, small, red papules that develop into polymorphic lesions with periods of varying

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2017 Dermatology practical & conceptual

58. BEYOND RACE/ETHNICITY: SKIN COLOR AND CARDIOMETABOLIC HEALTH AMONG BLACKS AND HISPANICS IN THE UNITED STATES (PubMed)

BEYOND RACE/ETHNICITY: SKIN COLOR AND CARDIOMETABOLIC HEALTH AMONG BLACKS AND HISPANICS IN THE UNITED STATES We investigated whether darker interviewer-ascribed skin color is associated with worse cardiometabolic health among young adult Blacks and Hispanics in the United States. Our sample was comprised of 2,128 non-Hispanic Blacks and 1603 Hispanics aged 24-32, who were in high school in the United States in 1994. We used logistic and OLS regression to predict obesity, hypertension, diabetes (...) , and cardiometabolic risk. We tested the interaction between Hispanic immigrant generation and ascribed skin color. Darker ascribed skin color predicted worse cardiometabolic health among both young adult Blacks and Hispanics. Among Hispanics, the associations were strongest among third and higher generation respondents. Our findings suggest that among US Blacks and Hispanics how individuals are perceived by others via their skin color is significantly associated with their health and well-being. Gradients

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2017 Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

59. Effects of Lip Color on Perceived Lightness of Human Facial Skin (PubMed)

Effects of Lip Color on Perceived Lightness of Human Facial Skin Whereas geometric illusions in human faces have been reported by several studies, illusions of color or lightness in faces have seldom been explored. Here, we psychophysically investigated whether lip color influences facial skin's perceived lightness. Results of Experiment 1 demonstrated that redder lips lightened and darker lips darkened the perceived complexion. These lightness or darkness inducing effects differ from (...) the classical illusion of lightness contrast in nonface objects for two reasons. First, illusory effects are more assimilative than contrastive. Second, the inducing area (i.e., lips) is much smaller than the influenced area (facial skin). Experiment 2 showed that the assimilative lightness induction was caused by holistic processing of faces. This is the first study to scientifically substantiate the claim of cosmetics manufacturers and makeup artists that lip colors can alter perceived facial skin color

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2017 i-Perception

60. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and Its Associations with Skin Color in Pregnant Women in the First Trimester in a Sample from Switzerland (PubMed)

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and Its Associations with Skin Color in Pregnant Women in the First Trimester in a Sample from Switzerland Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy has negative clinical consequences, such as associations with glucose intolerance, and has been shown to be distributed differently in certain ethnic groups. In some countries, a difference in the rate of vitamin D deficiency was detected in pregnant women depending on their skin color. We examined the prevalence (...) of vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/mL) in women in early pregnancy in Switzerland and evaluated the association of skin color with vitamin D deficiency. In a single-center cohort study, the validated Fitzpatrick scale and objective melanin index were used to determine skin color. Of the 204 pregnant women included, 63% were vitamin D deficient. The mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration was 26.1 ng/mL (95% confidence interval (CI) 24.8-27.4) in vitamin D-sufficient women and 10.5 ng/mL (95% CI 9.7

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2017 Nutrients

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