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Skin of Color

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1. Relationship between tooth value and skin color in patients visiting Royal Medical Services clinics of Jordan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship between tooth value and skin color in patients visiting Royal Medical Services clinics of Jordan Facial and dental aesthetics are becoming of great concern for patients, especially for the younger generation. Tooth color matching and selection is considered a vital element in order to create an attractive beautiful smile. The importance of tooth color matching is to adjust tooth colors to obtain a good match with adjacent teeth and the skin. This is considered a challenge (...) especially if adjacent teeth were lost or records of patients' teeth color were not available.The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between skin complexion and tooth value in a Jordanian population.A cross-sectional study of 520 individuals who were randomly selected and belonging to different age groups, ranging from 15-65 years, with equal sex distribution. These patients visited the dental clinics at different Jordanian military hospitals. The study was carried out over a period

2018 Electronic physician

2. Crocodiles Alter Skin Color in Response to Environmental Color Conditions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Crocodiles Alter Skin Color in Response to Environmental Color Conditions Many species alter skin color to varying degrees and by different mechanisms. Here, we show that some crocodylians modify skin coloration in response to changing light and environmental conditions. Within the Family, Crocodylidae, all members of the genus Crocodylus lightened substantially when transitioned from dark enclosure to white enclosures, whereas Mecistops and Osteolaemus showed little/no change. The two members (...) of the Family Gavialidae showed an opposite response, lightening under darker conditions, while all member of the Family Alligatoridae showed no changes. Observed color changes were rapid and reversible, occurring within 60-90 minutes. The response is visually-mediated and modulated by serum α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), resulting in redistribution of melanosomes within melanophores. Injection of crocodiles with α-MSH caused the skin to lighten. These results represent a novel description

2018 Scientific reports

3. High correlation between skin color based on CIELAB color space, epidermal melanocyte ratio, and melanocyte melanin content Full Text available with Trip Pro

High correlation between skin color based on CIELAB color space, epidermal melanocyte ratio, and melanocyte melanin content To treat skin color disorders, such as vitiligo or burns, melanocytes are transplanted for tissue regeneration. However, melanocyte distribution in the human body varies with age and location, making it difficult to select the optimal donor skin to achieve a desired color match. Determining the correlations with the desired skin color measurement based on CIELAB color (...) , epidermal melanocyte numbers, and melanin content of individual melanocytes is critical for clinical application.Fifteen foreskin samples from Asian young adults were analyzed for skin color, melanocyte ratio (melanocyte proportion in the epidermis), and melanin concentration. Furthermore, an equation was developed based on CIELAB color with melanocyte ratio, melanin concentration, and the product of melanocyte ratio and melanin concentration. The equation was validated by seeding different ratios

2018 PeerJ

4. One Thousand Five Hundred Fifty Nanometer Erbium-Doped Nonablative Fractional Laser for the Treatment of Striae Distensae in Patients of Skin of Color (Fitzpatrick Skin Types IV-VI). (Abstract)

One Thousand Five Hundred Fifty Nanometer Erbium-Doped Nonablative Fractional Laser for the Treatment of Striae Distensae in Patients of Skin of Color (Fitzpatrick Skin Types IV-VI). 29140866 2018 08 13 2018 08 13 1524-4725 44 8 2018 08 Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.] Dermatol Surg One Thousand Five Hundred Fifty Nanometer Erbium-Doped Nonablative Fractional Laser for the Treatment of Striae Distensae in Patients of Skin (...) of Color (Fitzpatrick Skin Types IV-VI). 1151-1153 10.1097/DSS.0000000000001411 Park Kelly K KK Pinnacle Dermatology, Joliet, Illinois Dermatology Section, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota Division of Dermatology, Loyola University, Maywood, Illinois. Roberts Erin E Tung Rebecca C RC eng Letter Randomized Controlled Trial United States Dermatol Surg 9504371 1076-0512 IM Abdomen Female Humans Laser Therapy methods Lasers, Solid

2018 Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.] Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Aging in skin of color: Disruption to elastic fiber organization is detrimental to skin's biomechanical function. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aging in skin of color: Disruption to elastic fiber organization is detrimental to skin's biomechanical function. Skin aging is a complex process involving the additive effects of time-dependent intrinsic aging and changes elicited via skin's interaction with the environment. Maintaining optimal skin function is essential for healthy aging across global populations; yet most research focuses on lightly pigmented skin (Fitzpatrick phototypes I-III), with little emphasis on skin of color (...) , and was accompanied by effacement of rete ridges with reduced deposition of both elastic fibers and fibrillar collagens. In chronically photoexposed dorsal forearm, significant impairment of all biomechanical functions was identified, with complete flattening of rete ridges and marked depletion of elastic fibers and fibrillar collagens. We conclude that in skin of color, both intrinsic aging and photoaging significantly impact skin function and composition, despite the additional photoprotective properties

2018 Journal of Investigative Dermatology

6. Skin Color, Cultural Capital, and Beauty Products: An Investigation of the Use of Skin Fairness Products in Mumbai, India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Skin Color, Cultural Capital, and Beauty Products: An Investigation of the Use of Skin Fairness Products in Mumbai, India The use of skin fairness products that frequently contain toxic ingredients is associated with significant adverse health side effects. Due to the high prevalence of use in Asian and African countries, skin fairness product use is recognized as a growing public health concern. The multi-million-dollar skin fairness product industry has also been criticized for perpetuating (...) racism and social inequalities by reinforcing beliefs about the benefits of skin fairness for cultural capital. No quantitative studies have assessed people's beliefs about fairness and reasons for using or not using these products in India, one of the largest global markets for skin fairness products. The current study explored skin fairness product use among 1,992 women and men aged 16-60 years in the city of Mumbai, India using a self-report questionnaire. A total of 37.6% of the sample reported

2018 Frontiers in public health

7. Updates in the understanding and treatments of skin & hair disorders in women of color Full Text available with Trip Pro

Updates in the understanding and treatments of skin & hair disorders in women of color Skin of color comprises a diverse and expanding population of individuals. In particular, women of color represent an increasing subset of patients who frequently seek dermatologic care. Acne, melasma, and alopecia are among the most common skin disorders seen in this patient population. Understanding the differences in the basic science of skin and hair is imperative in addressing their unique needs. Despite (...) the paucity of conclusive data on racial and ethnic differences in skin of color, certain biologic differences do exist, which affect the disease presentations of several cutaneous disorders in pigmented skin. While the overall pathogenesis and treatments for acne in women of color are similar to Caucasian men and women, individuals with darker skin types present more frequently with dyschromias from acne, which can be difficult to manage. Melasma is an acquired pigmentary disorder seen commonly in women

2017 International journal of women's dermatology

8. Skin color as a predictor of mental health in young Latinx children. (Abstract)

Skin color as a predictor of mental health in young Latinx children. Racial phenotype shapes the ways in which others perceive and interact with children, with implications for their immediate and long-term well-being. Still, few empirical studies have examined these links in Latinx children.The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between skin color, as a salient marker of racial phenotype, and the mental health of young, Latinx children.The present study was conducted (...) in the United States between 2010 and 2013. Participants (N = 684) were Mexican- and Dominican origin 4 - 5-year olds who were rated based on their skin tone as "moderately dark" (54%), "honorary white" (35%), and "collective black" (11%). Regression models were used to estimate the association between skin color (measured at age 4-5) and internalizing and externalizing behaviors (measured at the end of first grade).By the end of first grade, "collective black" children had higher ratings on several

2019 Social Science & Medicine

9. Darker skin color is associated with a lower likelihood of smoking cessation among males but not females. (Abstract)

Darker skin color is associated with a lower likelihood of smoking cessation among males but not females. Darker skin color is associated with discrimination and unfair treatment and may contribute to persisting health disparities. This study examined whether darker skin color was associated with smoking cessation and whether this association was moderated by sex and race. This study also explored whether biological and psychosocial factors, including nicotine and cotinine concentrations (...) , discrimination, distrust, and neuroticism, mediated this association. The data for this study came from a prospective smoking cessation intervention that included 224 Black and 225 White adults from Kansas City, Missouri. Skin color was assessed using a DermaSpectrometer to measure melanin contained within the skin. Point prevalence smoking abstinence was biochemically-verified and assessed at weeks 4 and 26. Hierarchical logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate hypothesized relations between

2019 Social Science & Medicine

10. Patient-Reported Outcomes in Acne Patients With Skin of Color Using Adapalene 0.3%-Benzoyl Peroxide 2.5%: A Prospective Real-World Study (Abstract)

Patient-Reported Outcomes in Acne Patients With Skin of Color Using Adapalene 0.3%-Benzoyl Peroxide 2.5%: A Prospective Real-World Study Background: Patients with skin of color (SOC) and Fitzpatrick skin types (FST) IV–VI frequently develop acne. Objective: Evaluate subject-reported outcomes after treatment with adapalene 0.3%/ benzoyl peroxide 2.5% gel (0.3% A/BPO) in subjects with SOC and moderate to severe acne vulgaris. Methods: This was an open-label interventional study conducted in 3 (...) countries (Mauritius, Singapore, and USA) in subjects of Asian, Latin-American, or black/African-American ethnicity, with an Investigator’s Global Assessment (IGA) of moderate or severe facial acne (enrollment 2:1), and FST IV to VI. For 16 weeks, subjects applied 0.3% A/BPO (once daily) and utilized a skin care regimen (oil control foam wash and oil control moisturizer SPF30). Assessments included quality of life (QoL) and subject questionnaires, IGA, Investigator’s Global Assessment of Improvement

2019 Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. Early fractional carbon dioxide laser intervention for postsurgical scars in skin of color. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early fractional carbon dioxide laser intervention for postsurgical scars in skin of color. Fractional CO2 laser is one of the most effective treatment options used to resurface scars.To evaluate the efficacy and safety of early treatment of postsurgical scar by fractional ablative CO2 laser.A total of 27 Egyptian patients with recent postoperative scars were enrolled in this study. Three sessions of fractional CO2 laser with a 1-month interval were started 4 weeks after surgery. Vancouver Scar

2019 Clinical, cosmetic and investigational dermatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Evaluation of in vitro testing strategies for hazard assessment of the skin sensitization potential of "real-life" mixtures: the case of henna-based hair coloring products containing p-phenylenediamine. (Abstract)

Evaluation of in vitro testing strategies for hazard assessment of the skin sensitization potential of "real-life" mixtures: the case of henna-based hair coloring products containing p-phenylenediamine. Allergic contact dermatitis reported to henna-based hair coloring products (HPs) has been associated with adulteration of henna with p-phenylenediamine (PPD).To develop a testing approach based on in vitro techniques that address key events within the skin sensitization adverse outcome pathway (...) to evaluate allergenic potential of HPs.The following in vitro assays were used to test the sensitizing capacity of hair dye ingredients: micro-direct peptide reactivity assay (mDPRA); HaCaT keratinocytes-associated IL-18 assay; U937 cell line activation test (USENS)/IL-8 levels; blood monocyte-derived dendritic cell test; genomic allergen rapid detection (GARD skin). Those techniques with better human concordance were selected to evaluate the allergenic potential of ten HPs.Contrasting to the label's

2019 Contact Dermatitis

13. Longitudinal progress of transepidermal water loss, color, and sensory elements in split-thickness skin graft donor sites in East Asians. (Abstract)

Longitudinal progress of transepidermal water loss, color, and sensory elements in split-thickness skin graft donor sites in East Asians. There is little research available that describes the natural progression of split-thickness skin graft (STSG) donor site wounds after re-epithelialization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the longitudinal clinical progress of transepidermal water loss (TEWL), color, and sensory elements in STSG donor sites in East Asians.Eighteen patients (...) participated in this study. The TEWL, color, pressure threshold, and static two-point discrimination were evaluated from the center and upper lateral corner of the wounds and adjacent normal skin preoperatively and at 1, 2, 7, and 12 months postoperatively.The age was negatively correlated with preoperative values of TEWL (r = -0.49, P = 0.039). The elevated TEWL level from the STSG donor sites did not return to normal until 12 months after surgery. In the measurement of skin color, the elevated L* value

2019 International Journal of Dermatology

14. Treating Acne in Patients With Skin of Color. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treating Acne in Patients With Skin of Color. Patients with skin of color are more likely to develop acne and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Many therapies for acne have demonstrated efficacy in darker skin types and in the treatment of PIH. Semin Cutan Med Surg 37(supp3):S71-S73 © 2018 published by Frontline Medical Communications.2018 published by Frontline Medical Communications.

2018 Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery

15. Enstilar® Foam in the Treatment of Chronic Plaque Psoriasis in Patients With Skin of Color

Enstilar® Foam in the Treatment of Chronic Plaque Psoriasis in Patients With Skin of Color Enstilar® Foam in the Treatment of Chronic Plaque Psoriasis in Patients With Skin of Color - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Enstilar® Foam in the Treatment of Chronic Plaque Psoriasis in Patients With Skin of Color The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03506477 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted

2018 Clinical Trials

16. Aczone Gel 7.5% in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris in Patients With Skin of Color

Aczone Gel 7.5% in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris in Patients With Skin of Color Aczone Gel 7.5% in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris in Patients With Skin of Color - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. Aczone Gel 7.5% in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris in Patients With Skin of Color The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03681470 Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting First Posted : September 24, 2018

2018 Clinical Trials

17. Reversible reddish skin color change in a patient with compressive radial neuropathy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reversible reddish skin color change in a patient with compressive radial neuropathy. The motor and sensory symptoms caused by compressive radial neuropathy are well-known, but the involvement of the autonomic nervous system or the dermatologic symptoms are less well known. We report an unusual case of compressive radial neuropathy with reversible reddish skin color change.A 42-year-old man was referred for left wrist drop, finger drop and a tingling sensation over the lateral dorsum (...) of the left hand. Based on clinical information, neurologic examinations and electrophysiologic studies, he was diagnosed with compressive radial neuropathy. In addition, a reddish skin color change was observed at the area of radial sensory distribution. After two weeks of observation without specific treatment, the skin color had recovered along with a marked improvement in weakness and aberrant sensation.Compressive radial neuropathy with a reversible reddish skin color change is unusual

2018 BMC Neurology

18. Global Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Rosacea, Highlighting Skin of Color: Review and Clinical Practice Experience. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Global Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Rosacea, Highlighting Skin of Color: Review and Clinical Practice Experience. Rosacea has been reported less frequently among individuals with skin of color than in those with white skin, but rosacea is not a rare disease in this population. In fact, rosacea might be underreported and underdiagnosed in populations with skin of color because of the difficulty of discerning erythema and telangiectasia in dark skin. The susceptibility of persons (...) with highly pigmented skin to dermatologic conditions like rosacea, whose triggers include sun exposure, is probably underestimated. Many people with skin of color who have rosacea might experience delayed diagnosis, leading to inappropriate or inadequate treatment; greater morbidity; and uncontrolled, progressive disease with disfiguring manifestations, including phymatous rosacea. In this article, we review the epidemiology of rosacea in skin of color and highlight variations in the clinical

2018 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

19. Comparative microRNA-seq Analysis Depicts Candidate miRNAs Involved in Skin Color Differentiation in Red Tilapia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparative microRNA-seq Analysis Depicts Candidate miRNAs Involved in Skin Color Differentiation in Red Tilapia Differentiation and variation in body color has been a growing limitation to the commercial value of red tilapia. Limited microRNA (miRNA) information is available on skin color differentiation and variation in fish so far. In this study, a high-throughput Illumina sequencing of sRNAs was conducted on three color varieties of red tilapia and 81,394,491 raw reads were generated (...) . A total of 158 differentially expressed miRNAs (|log₂(fold change)| ≥ 1 and q-value ≤ 0.001) were identified. Target prediction and functional analysis of color-related miRNAs showed that a variety of putative target genes—including slc7a11, mc1r and asip—played potential roles in pigmentation. Moreover; the miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was illustrated to elucidate the pigmentation differentiation, in which miR-138-5p and miR-722 were predicted to play important roles in regulating

2018 International journal of molecular sciences

20. Skin color-specific and spectrally-selective naked-eye dosimetry of UVA, B and C radiations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Skin color-specific and spectrally-selective naked-eye dosimetry of UVA, B and C radiations Spectrally-selective monitoring of ultraviolet radiations (UVR) is of paramount importance across diverse fields, including effective monitoring of excessive solar exposure. Current UV sensors cannot differentiate between UVA, B, and C, each of which has a remarkably different impact on human health. Here we show spectrally selective colorimetric monitoring of UVR by developing a photoelectrochromic ink (...) that consists of a multi-redox polyoxometalate and an e- donor. We combine this ink with simple components such as filter paper and transparency sheets to fabricate low-cost sensors that provide naked-eye monitoring of UVR, even at low doses typically encountered during solar exposure. Importantly, the diverse UV tolerance of different skin colors demands personalized sensors. In this spirit, we demonstrate the customized design of robust real-time solar UV dosimeters to meet the specific need of different

2018 Nature communications

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