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Six-Minute Walk Test

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1. Six-minute walk test and incremental shuttle walk test in the evaluation of functional capacity in Chagas heart disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Six-minute walk test and incremental shuttle walk test in the evaluation of functional capacity in Chagas heart disease Chagas heart disease (CHD) leads to a progressive functional impairment. Field tests, as the 6-min walk test (6MWT) and the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), may be inexpensive approaches in the evaluation of functional capacity of these patients. The present study was addressed to compare the 6MWT and the ISWT measures, and to determine the accuracy of these tests (...) in the identification of functional impairment in patients with CHD. Thirty-five patients with CHD (47.1±8.2 years, NYHA I-III) were evaluated by echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), 6MWT, and ISWT. Correlations between the CPET (peak oxygen uptake [peak VO2] and the ratio between ventilation and the carbon dioxide production [VE/VCO2 slope]) and the field tests (walking distances) were also performed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was selected to identify the best distances

2018 Journal of exercise rehabilitation

2. Correlation of echocardiographic findings of pulmonary hypertension with six-minute walk test and plasma pro b-type natriuretic peptide level in systemic lupus erythematous Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correlation of echocardiographic findings of pulmonary hypertension with six-minute walk test and plasma pro b-type natriuretic peptide level in systemic lupus erythematous Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an increasingly recognized complication of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), which may remain undiagnosed if asymptomatic.This study aimed to determine the correlation between echocardiographic findings of PAH and six-minute walk test (6WMT) and serum pro b-type natriuretic peptide (...) test or Mann-Whitney U test, using SPSS 22.In general, five out of fifty patients were diagnosed to have PAH with sPAP>30 mmHg (range: 31-40 mmHg) based on echocardiographic findings. Spirometric parameters did not show any differences between the two groups (p>0.05), while the difference in total distance walked during six minutes and serum proBNP level between SLE patients with and without PAH was significant (P<0.05). A high correlation was found between PAP and serum proBNP level

2017 Electronic physician

3. Comparing the effects of upper limb and breathing exercises on six-minute walking distance among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a three-group randomized controlled clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and diaphragmatic breathing exercises four times daily for one month at their homes. However, the patients in the control group received no exercise intervention. Six-minute walk test was performed by each participant both before and after the study intervention. The SPSS for Windows program (v. 23.0) was used to analyze the data via the Chi-square test, the paired-sample t test, and the one-way analysis of variance.Before the intervention, the groups did not significantly differ from each other respecting six (...) Comparing the effects of upper limb and breathing exercises on six-minute walking distance among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a three-group randomized controlled clinical trial. Physical exercise can improve patient outcomes and reduce hospitalization and mortality rates among subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This study aimed to compare the effects of upper limb and breathing exercises on six-minute walking distance among these patients.This three

2019 Advances in respiratory medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4. Comparing modalities of conducting the six-minute walk test in healthy children and adolescents. (Abstract)

Comparing modalities of conducting the six-minute walk test in healthy children and adolescents. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in children can be performed in the conventional way, or by using a measuring wheel. This study aimed to compare these test modalities and to determine influencing factors.The study included 317 healthy children (172 boys) between 6 and 15 years from elementary schools and high schools, who were randomly assigned to perform a 6MWT either with or without a measuring (...) wheel according to the guidelines of the American Thoracic Society. The 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) was compared between the two measuring modalities as well as different school types.The use of a measuring wheel during the 6MWT led to a significantly greater 6MWD compared to conventional walking. Students of sports schools walked substantially farther than those attending general high schools, irrespective of test modality. In multivariate regression analysis height, post-test heart rate, male

2019 Minerva pediatrica Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Confirming a beneficial effect of the six-minute walk test on exercise confidence in patients with heart failure. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Confirming a beneficial effect of the six-minute walk test on exercise confidence in patients with heart failure. Low confidence to exercise is a barrier to engaging in exercise in heart failure patients. Participating in low to moderate intensity exercise, such as the six-minute walk test, may increase exercise confidence.To compare the effects of a six-minute walk test with an educational control condition on exercise confidence in heart failure patients.This was a prospective, quasi (...) -experimental design whereby consecutive adult patients attending an out-patient heart failure clinic completed the Exercise Confidence Scale prior to and following involvement in the six-minute walk test or an educational control condition.Using a matched pairs, mixed model design (n=60; 87% male; Mage=58.87±13.16), we identified a significantly greater improvement in Total exercise confidence (F(1,54)=4.63, p=0.036, partial η2=0.079) and Running confidence (F(1,57)=4.21, p=0. 045, partial η2=0.069

2019 European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

6. Six-Minute Walk Test Performance in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis While Using Passive or Powered Ankle-Foot Orthoses. (Abstract)

Six-Minute Walk Test Performance in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis While Using Passive or Powered Ankle-Foot Orthoses. To determine whether a powered ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) that provides dorsiflexor and plantar flexor assistance at the ankle can improve walking endurance of persons with multiple sclerosis (MS).Short-term intervention.University research laboratory.Participants (N=16) with a neurologist-confirmed diagnosis of MS and daily use of a prescribed custom unilateral passive (...) AFO.Three 6-minute walk tests (6MWTs), 1 per footwear condition: shoes (no AFO), prescribed passive AFO, and portable powered AFO (PPAFO). Assistive devices were worn on the impaired limb.Distance walked and metabolic cost of transport were recorded during each 6MWT and compared between footwear conditions.Each participant completed all three 6MWTs within the experimental design. PPAFO use resulted in a shorter 6MWT distance than did a passive AFO or shoe use. No differences were observed in metabolic

2019 Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7. The Importance of the Double Product in the Six-Minute Walk Test to Predict Myocardial Function Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Importance of the Double Product in the Six-Minute Walk Test to Predict Myocardial Function The Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a widely used test to measure the physical performance of patients to assess the effectiveness of treatment, to qualify for rehabilitation, and to evaluate its effects..This paper focuses on the assessment of the growth of a double product (DP) during the 6MWT and its diagnostic value in the assessment of patients with heart failure.The paper has retrospective (...) increase was still higher compared to the control group. The mean DP increase corresponding to one meter of walk was the only one that correlated negatively with the left ventricular ejection fraction.The assessment of the increase of the DP during the march test seems to be a better parameter reflecting the efficiency of the myocardium from the distance of the march.

2018 BioMed research international

8. Prediction of Maximal Oxygen Uptake by Six-Minute Walk Test and Body Mass Index in Healthy Boys. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prediction of Maximal Oxygen Uptake by Six-Minute Walk Test and Body Mass Index in Healthy Boys. To develop an equation to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) based on the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and body composition in healthy boys.Direct VO2max, 6-minute walk distance, and anthropometric characteristics were measured in 349 healthy boys (12.49 ± 2.72 years). Multiple regression analysis was used to generate VO2max prediction equations. Cross-validation of the VO2max prediction equations (...) was assessed with predicted residual sum of squares statistics. Pearson correlation was used to assess the correlation between measured and predicted VO2max.Objectively measured VO2max had a significant correlation with demographic and 6MWT characteristics (R = 0.11-0.723, P < .01). Multiple regression analysis revealed the following VO2max prediction equation: VO2max (mL/kg/min) = 12.701 + (0.06 × 6-minute walk distance m) - (0.732 × body mass indexkg/m2) (R2 = 0.79, standard error of the estimate [SEE

2018 Journal of Pediatrics

9. Learning and Encouragement Effects on Six-Minute Walking Test in Children. (Abstract)

Learning and Encouragement Effects on Six-Minute Walking Test in Children. To evaluate learning and encouragement effects on the 6-minute walk test in children between 6 and 12 years of age.Two 6-minute walk tests separated by a 10-minute resting period were performed by healthy children between 6 and 12 years of age to evaluate the learning (part 1) and encouragement effects (part 2; randomization with and without encouragement). Distance and cardiorespiratory variables were used as outcomes (...) .148 children were recruited. The intraclass correlation coefficient estimates were 0.927 (95% CI, 0.893-0.951; part 1) and 0.844 (95% CI, 0.744-0.907; part 2). The test-retest agreement was verified for distance (P = .679) with a bias of 1.1 m (95% CI, -4 to 6), but the increase in distance with encouragement was significantly and clinically relevant (P < .001; +41 m; 95% CI, 33-50).No training is required for the 6-minute walk test in children, in contrast with adults

2018 Journal of Pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Association between six-minute walk test parameters and the health-related quality of life in patients with pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association between six-minute walk test parameters and the health-related quality of life in patients with pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex disease. Pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (pMAC) disease is a chronic, slowly progressive disease. The aim of the present study was to determine the association of six-minute walk test (6MWT) parameters with pulmonary function and the health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with pMAC disease.This cross-sectional study included adult (...) patients with pMAC and was conducted at Keio University Hospital. We investigated the relationship of 6MWT parameters with clinical parameters, including pulmonary function, and HRQL, which was assessed using the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ).In total, 103 consecutive patients with pMAC participated in 6MWT (median age, 64 years; 80 women) and completed SF-36 and SGRQ. The six-minute walk distance (6MWD) showed significant negative

2018 BMC pulmonary medicine

11. Six-minute walk test as a determinant of the functional capacity of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Six-minute walk test as a determinant of the functional capacity of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis: A systematic review. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem disorder. The involvement of the respiratory system is frequent and culminates in dyspnea and exercise intolerance. Functional capacity is an important diagnostic tool, because it reflects the cardiorespiratory status, quality of life and prognosis. This systematic review aims to assess the reproducibility and validity (...) of the six minute walk test (6MWT) to reflect the functional capacity of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis, and also the correlation between 6MWT and lung function. Searches for articles were performed in eight databases using MeSH/DeCS keywords. A total of 695 articles were found and, after verifying all eligibility criteria, six articles were included for analysis and scoring regarding the methodological quality according to the QUADAS scale (Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy

2018 Respiratory medicine

12. Six-Minute Walk Test as a Predictive Measure of Exercise Capacity in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Six-Minute Walk Test as a Predictive Measure of Exercise Capacity in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. The 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a measure that is routinely used to assess a response to treatment for cardiopulmonary diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis and congestive heart failure. The measure has never been verified as a valid measure of exercise capacity in the highly prevalent patient population of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). This study investigated the correlation between the 6MWT and graded (...) exercise testing (GXT) in an effort to validate the 6MWT as a quality tool for assessing exercise capacity in adults with T2DM.This is a secondary data analysis of Program ACTIVE II, a randomized controlled trial designed to assess the effectiveness of two behavioral interventions on depression and glycemic outcomes in adults with T2DM. The correlation of 6MWT and predicted VO2 max (PVO2M) using GXT was examined in a subsample of participants at the time of study enrollment and at post

2018 Cardiopulmonary physical therapy journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

13. Prognostic value of serial six-minute walk tests using tele-accelerometry in patients with chronic heart failure: A pre-specified sub-study of the TIM-HF-Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prognostic value of serial six-minute walk tests using tele-accelerometry in patients with chronic heart failure: A pre-specified sub-study of the TIM-HF-Trial. The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is an established functional test assessing exercise capacity and is used to predict clinical prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Tele-accelerometry is a novel approach to activity monitoring using telemedical data transfer and allows a Tele-6MWT to be performed in an outpatient setting (...) . It offers patients the option of performing simple serial follow-up tests in their own home.The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of serial Tele-6MWTs using tele-accelerometry in patients with HF.In this proof-of-concept study, 155 patients with HF completed the Tele-6MWT in an outdoor setting once per month over a period of 0.25-21 months. We analysed the differences in the number of steps over time to predict hospitalization as a result of HF or death.Patients with at least one

2018 European journal of preventive cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

14. Comparison between stair-climbing test and six-minute walk test after lung resection using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison between stair-climbing test and six-minute walk test after lung resection using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy [Purpose] Currently, the six-minute walk distance (6MWD) is used to evaluate exercise capacity in people following lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer. However, it is unclear whether the 6MWD can detect changes in cardiorespiratory fitness induced by exercise training or lung resection. Conversely, the stair-climbing test is used frequently (...) for the preoperative evaluation of lung resection candidates. It is considered a sensitive method for detecting changes associated with training, but is not used to evaluate exercise capacity after lung resection. The purpose of this study was to compare the stair-climbing test and the six-minute walk test (6MWT) after lung resection. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen patients undergoing lung resection completed the stair-climbing test and the 6MWT preoperatively, and one month postoperatively. The postoperative

2017 Journal of physical therapy science

15. Six minute walk distance and reference values in healthy Italian children: A cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Six minute walk distance and reference values in healthy Italian children: A cross-sectional study. The 6-minute walking test (6MWT) is a simple assessment tool to evaluate exercise capacity. The result of the test is the distance that a subject can walk at a constant and normal pace within 6 minutes (6MWD) and reflects the aerobic/fitness performance related to walking function. Use of 6MWT has been relevant to assess exercise tolerance either in healthy children or in patients with, heart (...) , lung and metabolic diseases. Our aim was to find 6MWT reference values in healthy Italian children. The 6MWT was performed in 5614 children aged 6-11 years recruited from primary Italian schools. Age related reference percentiles of the covered distance were gender-modeled. A linear and quadratic regression model was used to predict 6MWT performance. Males walked longer distances than females, respectively 598.8±83.9 m vs 592.1±77.6 m (p = 0.0016). According to the regression analysis, 6MWD

2018 PLoS ONE

16. Association between six-minute walk distance and long-term outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: Data from the randomized SERAPHIN trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

distance data at Month 6 were dichotomized as above or below the median six-minute walk distance (400 m) and assessed for future risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension-related death or hospitalization and all-cause death. Additionally, six-minute walk distance values at baseline, Month 6 and the change from baseline to Month 6 were categorized by quartiles. All associations were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method using a log-rank test and Cox regression models.Patients with a six-minute walk distance (...) Association between six-minute walk distance and long-term outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: Data from the randomized SERAPHIN trial. Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension who achieve a six-minute walk distance of 380-440 m may have improved prognosis. Using the randomized controlled trial of macitentan in pulmonary arterial hypertension (SERAPHIN), the association between six-minute walk distance and long-term outcomes was explored.Patients with six-minute walk

2018 PLoS ONE Controlled trial quality: uncertain

17. Blood pressure response to six-minute walk test in hypertensive subjects exposed to high altitude: effects of antihypertensive combination treatment. (Abstract)

Blood pressure response to six-minute walk test in hypertensive subjects exposed to high altitude: effects of antihypertensive combination treatment. 27261929 2017 08 02 2018 12 02 1874-1754 219 2016 Sep 15 International journal of cardiology Int. J. Cardiol. Blood pressure response to six-minute walk test in hypertensive subjects exposed to high altitude: effects of antihypertensive combination treatment. 27-32 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.169 S0167-5273(16)30892-0 Lang Morin M Dept (...) drug effects physiology Double-Blind Method Drug Therapy, Combination Female Humans Hypertension diagnosis drug therapy physiopathology Male Middle Aged Nifedipine administration & dosage Telmisartan Treatment Outcome Walk Test methods Blood pressure Exercise High altitude hypoxia Hypertension Six-minute walk test 2016 03 17 2016 04 29 2016 04 30 2016 6 5 6 0 2016 6 5 6 0 2017 8 3 6 0 ppublish 27261929 S0167-5273(16)30892-0 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.169

2017 International journal of cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

18. Immediate effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on six-minute walking test, Borg scale questionnaire and hemodynamic responses in patients with chronic heart failure Full Text available with Trip Pro

Immediate effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on six-minute walking test, Borg scale questionnaire and hemodynamic responses in patients with chronic heart failure [Purpose] This study examined the immediate effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on a six-minute walking test, Borg scale questionnaire and hemodynamic responses in patients with chronic heart failure. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients with stable systolic chronic heart failure came (...) to the pathophysiology laboratory three times. The tests were randomly performed in three sessions. In one session, current was applied to the quadriceps muscles of both extremities for 30 minutes and a six-minute walking test was performed immediately afterward. In another session, the same procedure was followed except that the current intensity was set to zero. In the third session, the patients walked for six minutes without application of a current. The distance covered in each session was measured. At the end

2017 Journal of physical therapy science

19. The Value and Application of the Six Minute Walk Test in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. (Abstract)

The Value and Application of the Six Minute Walk Test in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. The 6-minute-walk test is a commonly used assessment of performance ability in a variety of cardiopulmonary diseases. It provides important functional information that is not captured in standardized pulmonary function testing. The test may be influenced by factors other than the severity of lung disease, including frailty, deconditioning, and musculoskeletal issues. The primary output measure from the 6 (...) -minute-walk test is the distance walked, which appears to confer prognostic information in many diverse disease states. The 6-minute-walk test distance has served as a primary endpoint in many drug trials, most notably in the field of pulmonary arterial hypertension, and to a lesser extent in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Although the 6-minute-walk test has been used in clinical practice and research trials of IPF, there are no specific guidelines regarding its implementation in this growing

2017 Annals of the American Thoracic Society

20. Resting and exercise haemodynamics in relation to six-minute walk test in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Resting and exercise haemodynamics in relation to six-minute walk test in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction. Patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are characterized by functional impairment and an abnormal haemodynamic response to exercise. The six-minute walk test (6MWT) serves as a standardized test for functional capacity quantification in heart failure patients, and is associated with cardiovascular outcomes. However

2017 European Journal of Heart Failure

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