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Shoulder Range of Motion

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1. Effects of deceleration-focused exercise strategies on shoulder range of motion and throwing velocity in baseball and softball athletes. (PubMed)

Effects of deceleration-focused exercise strategies on shoulder range of motion and throwing velocity in baseball and softball athletes. This study examined the effects of deceleration-focused exercises on shoulder range of motion and throwing velocity in both softball and baseball players. Volunteers included 28 Division III William Paterson University baseball and softball athletes (18 females and 10 males), who were evenly distributed across two groups both undertaking 14 sessions of either (...) resistance band or handheld medicine ball exercises (band vs. ball group). A pre-test and post-test measured participants' best active internal/external shoulder rotation and best throwing velocity at a target 40 ft away. A two-tailed, independent t-test showed no significant differences in velocity, internal rotation or external rotation (p < 0.01) between the band and ball groups. However, the average change in velocity in the ball group was double that of the band group (1.50 ± 2.06 m/s versus 0.73

2019 Sports biomechanics

2. Acute effects of a single tennis match on passive shoulder rotation range of motion, isometric strength and serve speed in professional tennis players. (PubMed)

Acute effects of a single tennis match on passive shoulder rotation range of motion, isometric strength and serve speed in professional tennis players. Shoulder pain has been associated with glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) and a reduction in external rotation (ER) strength; however, in tennis players, there is scarce evidence regarding the impact of a single match on shoulder range of motion (ROM), strength and serve speed. The aim of this study was to determine the acute effect (...) of a single tennis match on shoulder rotation ROM, isometric strength and serve speed. Twenty-six professional tennis players participated in the study (20.4±4.4 years; 10.5±3.2 years tennis expertise; 20.5±5.4 h/week training). Passive shoulder external (ER-ROM) and internal rotation ROM (IR-ROM), ER and IR isometric strength were measured before and after a single tennis match (80.3±21.3 min) in both shoulder´s. Moreover, the total arc of motion (TAM) and ER/IR strength ratio were calculated. Video

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2019 PLoS ONE

3. Motor-driven continuous passive motion (CPM) devices after interventions on the knee and shoulder joint

approach and likely in an outpatient setting. For the outcome pain, there was an indication of greater benefit of CPM versus physical therapy for the indication shoulder stiffness. For the outcome range of motion, there was no hint of benefit or harm. Rotator cuff rupture: CPM versus physical therapy Two studies were available on this research question. The CPM device was used post- operatively, likely in a domestic setting. Beyond the outcomes mentioned above, the outcomes range of motion and pain (...) Motor-driven continuous passive motion (CPM) devices after interventions on the knee and shoulder joint 1 Translation of the key statement of the final report N16-03 Einsatz von motorbetriebenen Bewegungsschienen (CPM) nach Interventionen am Knie- oder am Schultergelenk (Version 1.1; Status: 23 July 2018). Please note: This document was translated by an external translator and is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely

2019 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG)

4. Mobile technology and telemedicine for shoulder range of motion: validation of a motion-based machine-learning software development kit. (PubMed)

Mobile technology and telemedicine for shoulder range of motion: validation of a motion-based machine-learning software development kit. Mobile technology offers the prospect of delivering high-value care with increased patient access and reduced costs. Advances in mobile health (mHealth) and telemedicine have been inhibited by the lack of interconnectivity between devices and software and inability to process consumer sensor data. The objective of this study was to preliminarily validate (...) °.The SDK has the potential to remotely substitute for a shoulder range of motion examination within 5° of goniometer measurements. An open-source motion-based SDK that can learn complex movements, including clinical shoulder range of motion, from consumer sensors offers promise for the future of mHealth, particularly in telemonitoring before and after orthopedic surgery.Copyright © 2018 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

5. Early return to baseline range of motion and strength after anterior shoulder instability surgery: a Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) shoulder group cohort study. (PubMed)

Early return to baseline range of motion and strength after anterior shoulder instability surgery: a Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) shoulder group cohort study. Patients often return to higher-level activities and sports at 4 to 8 months after anterior shoulder stabilization procedures. It is unknown what percentage of patients have regained normal function at this time frame and what factors predict residual deficits, range of motion (ROM), and strength after anterior shoulder (...) 348 patients identified who underwent surgical treatment for anterior shoulder instability. Of these, 259 patients (74.0%) returned to baseline, and 89 (26.0%) did not return to baseline shoulder ROM (≥20° loss of ROM) or strength. A higher Beighton score (P = .01) and number of dislocations (P < .01) were associated with failure to regain baseline ROM and strength at early follow-up. No surgical variables were found to influence return to baseline function, including open vs. arthroscopic surgery

2018 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

6. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PASSIVE SHOULDER ROTATION RANGE OF MOTION, ISOMETRIC ROTATION STRENGTH AND SERVE SPEED BETWEEN ELITE TENNIS PLAYERS WITH AND WITHOUT HISTORY OF SHOULDER PAIN (PubMed)

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PASSIVE SHOULDER ROTATION RANGE OF MOTION, ISOMETRIC ROTATION STRENGTH AND SERVE SPEED BETWEEN ELITE TENNIS PLAYERS WITH AND WITHOUT HISTORY OF SHOULDER PAIN Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit and external rotation strength have been associated with the development of shoulder pain in overhead athletes.To examine the bilateral passive shoulder rotational range of motion (ROM), the isometric rotational strength and unilateral serve speed in elite tennis players (...) with and without shoulder pain history (PH and NPH, respectively) and compare between dominant and non-dominant limbs and between groups.Cohort study.Fifty-eight elite tennis players were distributed into the PH group (n = 20) and the NPH group (n = 38). Serve velocity, dominant and non-dominant passive shoulder external and internal rotation (ER and IR) ROM, total arc of motion (TAM: the sum of IR and ER ROM), ER and IR isometric strength, bilateral deficits and ER/IR strength ratio were measured in both

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2018 International journal of sports physical therapy

7. A new method to evaluate the influence of the glenosphere positioning on stability and range of motion of a reverse shoulder prosthesis. (PubMed)

A new method to evaluate the influence of the glenosphere positioning on stability and range of motion of a reverse shoulder prosthesis. Shoulder instability and reduced range of motion are two common complications of a total reverse shoulder arthroplasty. In this work, a new approach is proposed to estimate how the glenoid component positioning can influence the stability and the range of motion of a reverse shoulder prosthesis.A standard reverse shoulder prosthesis has been analysed (...) different configurations obtained by changing the glenoid component tilt and the lateral position of the glenosphere, modified through the insertion of a cylindrical spacer. For the analysed case study, it was found that the interposition of a spacer (between the baseplate and the glenoid) and 15° inferior tilt of the glenosphere allow improving the range of motion and the stability of the shoulder.Some common complications of the reverse shoulder arthroplasty could be effectively reduced by a suitable

2019 Injury

8. Digital data acquisition of shoulder range of motion and arm motion smoothness using Kinect v2. (PubMed)

Digital data acquisition of shoulder range of motion and arm motion smoothness using Kinect v2. Range of motion (ROM) is a clinically important parameter in evaluating joint function. However, dynamic evaluation to determine the quality of the arm motion using digitized measurement is often overlooked during clinical assessment. We evaluated the accuracy of Kinect v2 (Microsoft, Redmond, WA, USA) as a digital tool for measuring shoulder ROM objectively and proposed a concept of motion (...) smoothness reflecting the quality of arm motion.Ten male participants were included in a 2-stage experiment. First, shoulder ROM was measured in 4 static poses (flexion, abduction, external rotation, and internal rotation) with Kinect v2, a 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system, and goniometry. Second, participants performed a point-to-point arm motion as naturally as possible. Kinematic data were collected with Kinect v2 and the 3D motion analysis system and then postprocessed to acquire parameters

2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

9. The immediate effects of serving on shoulder rotational range of motion in tennis players. (PubMed)

The immediate effects of serving on shoulder rotational range of motion in tennis players. This study aimed to investigate the immediate effects of serving on shoulder rotational range of motion (ROM) in tennis players by comparing to groundstrokes.Same-subject, randomised, crossover study.Indoor hard courts.Eighteen male and 12 female professional and university level tennis players.Passive glenohumeral internal and external rotation ROM measurements, using a digital inclinometer, were (...) undertaken at baseline and immediately following serving and groundstroke tasks on both dominant and non-dominant shoulders. Total rotation was calculated as the sum of internal and external rotation.On the dominant and non-dominant shoulders there was no significant interaction effect between the factors of tennis task (serving and groundstrokes) and time (pre and post) (p = <0.05). Indicating that change in rotational ROM was not specific to tennis task. On the dominant shoulder there was a significant

2018 Physical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine

10. RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE HALO DIGITAL GONIOMETER FOR SHOULDER RANGE OF MOTION IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS (PubMed)

RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE HALO DIGITAL GONIOMETER FOR SHOULDER RANGE OF MOTION IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS Range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder is an integral component of assessment of musculoskeletal shoulder impairments. ROM is typically measured using a universal goniometer (UG). The UG has demonstrated good intra and inter-rater reliability for measuring shoulder ROM, although limitations exist. In recent years, alternative measurement devices such as smartphone applications and digital (...) each motion twice with each device (HALO and the UG) per shoulder. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) for reliability and validity/agreement between devices was calculated using a two-way mixed model with a 95% confidence interval.Data were analyzed for 75 shoulders from 41 participants (seven participants had only one shoulder evaluated). Intra-rater reliability ICCs are between 0.82 and 0.91 for the HALO, and 0.83 to 0.95 for the UG. Inter-rater reliability for the HALO was 0.89

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2018 International journal of sports physical therapy

11. Optimizing reverse shoulder arthroplasty component position in the setting of advanced arthritis with posterior glenoid erosion: a computer-enhanced range of motion analysis. (PubMed)

Optimizing reverse shoulder arthroplasty component position in the setting of advanced arthritis with posterior glenoid erosion: a computer-enhanced range of motion analysis. Our study purpose was to determine the optimal glenoid and humeral reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) component design and position in osteoarthritic shoulders with severe glenoid retroversion deformities.Computed tomography scans from 10 subjects were analyzed with advanced software including RSA range of motion (ROM (...) ) analysis. Variables included glenoid component retroversion of 0°, 5°, 10°, 15°, and 20° and baseplate lateralization of 0, 5, and 10 mm. Humeral variables included 135°, 145°, and 155° angle of inclination (AOI) combined with variable humeral offset.Glenoid component lateralization had the greatest influence on ROM. In comparing each ROM direction among all lateralization options independently, there were significantly greater adduction, abduction, external rotation, extension, and flexion motions

2018 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

12. Validity and reliability of POM-Checker in measuring shoulder range of motion: Protocol for a single center comparative study. (PubMed)

Validity and reliability of POM-Checker in measuring shoulder range of motion: Protocol for a single center comparative study. Assessments of the range of motion (ROM) in human joints have been widely used to evaluate the joint condition. Although maker based motion capture system is the most popular and practical method in the clinical field, there have been limitations such as the relatively long time required in procedure or influence of attached markers on natural movement. Recently (...) of the POM-Checker in measuring the shoulder ROM. This study will also provide a standard procedure to measure the shoulder ROM with the POM-Checker and 3D motion analysis system simultaneously.This protocol is for a single institution comparative study to evaluate the validity and reliability of POM-Checker. Six participants will be recruited. We will measure the angles of shoulder abduction and flexion with POM-Checker and 3D motion analysis system simultaneously. The primary outcome is the angles

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2018 Medicine

13. Patients who are candidates for subacromial decompression have more pronounced range of motion deficits, but do not differ in self-reported shoulder function, strength or pain compared to non-candidates. (PubMed)

Patients who are candidates for subacromial decompression have more pronounced range of motion deficits, but do not differ in self-reported shoulder function, strength or pain compared to non-candidates. Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is associated with low self-reported shoulder function, impairments in shoulder strength and range of motion (ROM), and pain. It is not known how the symptomatology associated with SIS is reflected in the choice of treatment. This study compares self (...) 132 were not. SAD candidates had significantly lower Abd-ROM (87° vs. 112°, p = 0.011, effect size = 0. 15) and IR-ROM (114° vs. 123°, p = 0.026, effect size = 0.58) additional to higher pain during test of Abd-strength (5.3 vs. 3.7, p = 0.02, effect size = 0.21). No other differences were found between the groups.A decrease in abduction and internal rotation range of motion, and increased pain during maximal abduction strength effort are associated with being considered a candidate

2018 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

14. Shoulder and elbow range of motion for the performance of activities of daily living: A systematic review.

Shoulder and elbow range of motion for the performance of activities of daily living: A systematic review. The loss of range of motion (ROM) in the upper extremities can interfere with activities of daily living (ADL) and, therefore, many interventions focus on improving impaired ROM. The question, however, is what joint angles are needed to naturally perform ADL. The present review aimed to compile and synthesize data from literature on shoulder and elbow angles that unimpaired participants (...) used when performing ADL tasks. A search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, CINAHL, and PEDro. Studies were eligible when shoulder (flexion, extension, abduction, adduction) and/or elbow (flexion, extension) angles were measured in unimpaired participants who were naturally performing ADL tasks, and angles were provided per task. Thirty-six studies involving a total of 66 ADL tasks were included. Results demonstrated that unimpaired participants used up to full elbow flexion (150

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2018 Physiotherapy theory and practice

15. Effects of Arthroscopic Coracohumeral Ligament Release on Range of Motion for Patients with Frozen Shoulder (PubMed)

Effects of Arthroscopic Coracohumeral Ligament Release on Range of Motion for Patients with Frozen Shoulder A thickened coracohumeral ligament is a highly specific manifestation of, and primary restraint against external rotation in frozen shoulders.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of complete arthroscopic coracohumeral ligament release on range of motion in frozen shoulder.Fifty-two consecutive shoulders in 52 patients were treated between April 2015 and June 2016 (...) .The average age of the patients was significantly higher in Group 1, but there were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to sex, affected side, preoperative range of motion, or American Shoulder and Elbow Society Score. Abduction, external rotation at adduction, and external and internal rotations at 90° of flexion in Group 1 were significantly greater than those in Group 2. After the additional release of the remaining coracohumeral ligaments in Group 2, all ranges of motion

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2018 The open orthopaedics journal

16. In adults with adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder) does the use of distension injections improve pain, function and range of movent when compared to lower volume, steroid injections?

, arthrographic distension Comparison, if any Clinically guided standard steroid injection. Steroid injection, intra-articular injection, clinician guided, blind, local anaesthetic Outcomes of interest Pain, range of motion, function Visual/ Verbal analogue scale Function SPADI DASH Types of studies RCTs, systematic reviews. Exclusion: Shoulder (gleno-humeral joint) osteo-arthritis (OA),fractures, malignancy. Sub-acrimial injections. Children (under age 18) Routine Databases Searched Clinical Knowledge (...) In adults with adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder) does the use of distension injections improve pain, function and range of movent when compared to lower volume, steroid injections? Getting Evidence into Clinical Practice: Musculoskeletal Research Facilitation Group (CAT Group) Date: February 2017 CAT Lead: Ben Jeeves Date CAT completed: February 2017 Email: ben.jeeves@ssotp.nhs.uk Specific Question: ‘In adults with adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder) does the use of distension injections

2017 Public Health England

17. Immediate versus delayed passive range of motion following total shoulder arthroplasty. (PubMed)

Immediate versus delayed passive range of motion following total shoulder arthroplasty. The goal of this study was to compare immediate with delayed range of motion (ROM) following total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). The hypothesis was that ROM gains would occur earlier with immediate motion but that there would be no difference in ultimate ROM or functional outcome.Sixty patients were randomized to immediate motion (IM) or delayed motion (DM) following TSA. A lesser tuberosity osteotomy (...) levels (P < .05). The 2 groups regained motion differently, but there were no significant differences in final ROM or functional outcome scores between the 2 groups. The IM group had higher functional outcome scores initially, but by 3 months postoperatively, there was no difference. The rate of osteotomy healing was 81% in the IM group compared with 96% in the DM group (P = .101).Immediate ROM provides a more rapid return of function compared with a delayed ROM protocol following TSA. However

2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

18. Effect of a Novel Stretching Technique on Shoulder Range of Motion and Voluntary Contraction in Overhead Athletes With Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficits "GIRD"

Effect of a Novel Stretching Technique on Shoulder Range of Motion and Voluntary Contraction in Overhead Athletes With Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficits "GIRD" Effect of a Novel Stretching Technique on Shoulder Range of Motion and Voluntary Contraction in Overhead Athletes With Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficits "GIRD" - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x (...) × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effect of a Novel Stretching Technique on Shoulder Range of Motion and Voluntary Contraction in Overhead Athletes With Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficits "GIRD" (GIRD) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been

2017 Clinical Trials

19. Shoulder Passive Range of Motion and Positioning Exercise on Hemiplegic Stroke Patients

Shoulder Passive Range of Motion and Positioning Exercise on Hemiplegic Stroke Patients Shoulder Passive Range of Motion and Positioning Exercise on Hemiplegic Stroke Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies (...) before adding more. Shoulder Passive Range of Motion and Positioning Exercise on Hemiplegic Stroke Patients The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03045432 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : February 7, 2017 Last Update Posted : February 7, 2017 Sponsor: Chang Gung Memorial

2017 Clinical Trials

20. The influence of humeral neck shaft angle and glenoid lateralization on range of motion in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. (PubMed)

The influence of humeral neck shaft angle and glenoid lateralization on range of motion in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Recent developments in reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) have focused on changes in several design-related parameters, including humeral component design, to allow for easier convertibility. Alterations in humeral inclination and offset on shoulder kinematics may have a relevant influence on postoperative outcome. This study used a virtual computer simulation to evaluate (...) the influence of humeral neck shaft angle and glenoid lateralization on range of motion in onlay design RSA.Three-dimensional RSA computer templating was created from computed tomography (CT) scans in 20 patients undergoing primary total shoulder arthroplasty for concentric osteoarthritis (Walch A1). Two concurrent factors were tested for impingement-free range of motion: humeral inclination (135° vs. 145°) and glenoid lateralization (0 mm vs. 5 mm).Decreasing the humeral neck shaft angle demonstrated

2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

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