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Sexually Transmitted Disease in HIV

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1. Overview of sexually transmitted diseases

Overview of sexually transmitted diseases Overview of sexually transmitted infections - Summary of relevant conditions | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Overview of sexually transmitted infections Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: September 2018 Introduction The term sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), includes a range of clinical syndromes that can be acquired (...) and transmitted through sexual activity and may be caused by various types of pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. Early detection and treatment of STIs reduces the spread of infection and may avoid or delay serious complications and consequences. Related conditions Condition Description Genital chlamydia is the most common bacterial STI in resource-rich countries. Workowski KA, Bolan GA; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sexually transmitted diseases treatment

2018 BMJ Best Practice

2. School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents. (PubMed)

School-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents. School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).To evaluate (...) the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents.We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) for published peer-reviewed journal articles; and ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for prospective trials; AIDS Educaton and Global Information System

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2016 Cochrane

3. Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS (PubMed)

Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS One of the most important public health issues is men's sexual and reproductive health. Men are the most important counterparts in the prevention of sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. A low level of men's referral to utilize healthcare services and the stigmatization of reporting sexually transmitted diseases in society due to cultural issues calls for the designation (...) of strategies for improving the men's healthcare conditions. In addition, it is required to assess men's healthcare needs with consideration of cultural-contextual, social, and economic issues. The aim of this study was to explore the reproductive healthcare needs of men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS.This was a qualitative study with 34 men and six women from the general population; health policymakers, reproductive health providers, and clergies were collected in two large cities

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2017 Electronic physician

4. Community-level HIV stigma as a driver for HIV transmission risk behaviors and sexually transmitted diseases in Sierra Leone: a population-based study (PubMed)

Community-level HIV stigma as a driver for HIV transmission risk behaviors and sexually transmitted diseases in Sierra Leone: a population-based study Although HIV stigma has been identified as an important risk factor for HIV transmission risk behaviors, little is known about the contribution of community-level HIV stigma to HIV transmission risk behaviors and self-reported sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or how gender may modify associations.We pooled data from the 2008 and 2013 Sierra (...) Leone Demographic and Health Surveys. For HIV stigma, we examined HIV stigmatizing attitudes and HIV disclosure concerns at both individual and community levels. Outcomes of HIV transmission risk behaviors were recent condom usage, consistent condom usage, and self-reported STDs. We assessed associations with multivariable logistic regressions. We also analyzed gender as an effect modifier of these associations.Of 34,574 respondents, 24,030 (69.5%) who had heard of HIV were included in this analysis

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2017 Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

5. Overview of sexually transmitted infections

Overview of sexually transmitted infections Overview of sexually transmitted infections - Summary of relevant conditions | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Overview of sexually transmitted infections Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: September 2018 Introduction The term sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), includes a range of clinical syndromes that can be acquired (...) and transmitted through sexual activity and may be caused by various types of pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. Early detection and treatment of STIs reduces the spread of infection and may avoid or delay serious complications and consequences. Related conditions Condition Description Genital chlamydia is the most common bacterial STI in resource-rich countries. Workowski KA, Bolan GA; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sexually transmitted diseases treatment

2018 BMJ Best Practice

6. Presenting national HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted disease research in Brazil (PubMed)

Presenting national HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted disease research in Brazil 29794602 2018 07 23 2018 11 14 1536-5964 97 1S Suppl 1 2018 05 Medicine Medicine (Baltimore) Presenting national HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted disease research in Brazil. S1-S2 10.1097/MD.0000000000010109 Benzaken Adele Schwartz AS Department of Surveillance, Prevention and Control of STIs, HIV/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis, Ministry of Health, Brasília, Brazil. Oliveira Maria Cristina Pimenta MCP Pereira Gerson (...) Sexually Transmitted Diseases epidemiology 2018 5 26 6 0 2018 5 26 6 0 2018 7 24 6 0 ppublish 29794602 10.1097/MD.0000000000010109 00005792-201805251-00009 PMC5991535 PLoS Med. 2006 Apr;3(4):e124 16519553 N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 11;365(6):493-505 21767103 Clin Trials. 2013;10(1 Suppl):S5-S36 22547421 Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Apr;14(4):281-90 24602844

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2018 Medicine

7. Measuring Progress in Reducing Disparities in HIV, Tuberculosis, Viral Hepatitis, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the United States: A Summary of This Theme Issue (PubMed)

Measuring Progress in Reducing Disparities in HIV, Tuberculosis, Viral Hepatitis, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the United States: A Summary of This Theme Issue 30383428 2018 11 14 1541-0048 108 S4 2018 Nov American journal of public health Am J Public Health Measuring Progress in Reducing Disparities in HIV, Tuberculosis, Viral Hepatitis, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the United States: A Summary of This Theme Issue. S240-S241 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304761 Truman Benedict I BI All (...) of the authors are with the Office of the Director, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. They are also guest editors for this supplement issue. Mermin Jonathan H JH All of the authors are with the Office of the Director, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. They are also guest editors for this supplement issue. Dean Hazel D HD

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2018 American Journal of Public Health

8. CONCOMITANT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES IN PATIENTS WITH DIAGNOSED HIV/AIDS: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY (PubMed)

CONCOMITANT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES IN PATIENTS WITH DIAGNOSED HIV/AIDS: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which weaken the human immune system and thus increasing the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and vice versa.A retrospective study of STIs in HIV/AIDS patients in Unit Perawatan Intermediate Penyakit Infeksi (UPIPI) Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya was conducted from (...) students. The five highest prevalence of STIs were condylomata acuminate (43.9%), non-specific genital ulcers (11.5%), syphilis (10.7%), genital herpes (10.1%), and scabies (8.1%). The sexual predilections consisted of heterosexual (70.9%), homosexual (12.2%), bisexual (2.0%), and no data (14.9%). Patients with the number of CD4+ <200 mm3 was 52.0% and 79.1% of the patients received ARV therapy.STIs and HIV/AIDS were closely related. HIV/AIDS could increase the incidence of STIs and STIs could elevate

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2018 African journal of infectious diseases

9. Using Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity to Monitor Disparities in HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis. (PubMed)

Using Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity to Monitor Disparities in HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis. To quantify sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) disparities in incidence of HIV, other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and viral hepatitis.We performed a records-based study of 19 933 patients visiting a federally qualified health center in Los Angeles, California, between November 2016 and October 2017 that examined HIV, STIs, and viral hepatitis (...) incidence proportions. We created multivariable logistic regression models to examine the association between incidence proportions and SOGI among people living with HIV and HIV-negative patients.Among those who were HIV-negative at baseline (n = 16 757), 29% tested positive for any STI during the study period, compared with 38% of people living with HIV. Stratified by birth sex, STI positivity was 32% among men and 11% among women. By SOGI, STI positivity was 35% among gay and bisexual cisgender men

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2018 American Journal of Public Health

10. The traditional use of Vachellia nilotica for sexually transmitted diseases is substantiated by the antiviral activity of its bark extract against sexually transmitted viruses. (PubMed)

The traditional use of Vachellia nilotica for sexually transmitted diseases is substantiated by the antiviral activity of its bark extract against sexually transmitted viruses. Vachellia (Acacia) nilotica and other plants of this genus have been used in traditional medicine of Asian and African countries to treat many disorders, including sexually transmitted diseases, but few studies were performed to validate their anti-microbial and anti-viral activity against sexually transmitted (...) infections.The present study was undertaken to explore whether the ethnomedical use of V.nilotica to treat genital lesions is substantiated by its antiviral activity against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and the human papillomavirus (HPV).The antiviral activity of V.nilotica was tested in vitro by virus-specific inhibition assays using HSV-2 strains, sensible or resistant to acyclovir, HIV-1IIIb strain and HPV-16 pseudovirion (PsV). The potential mode of action

2017 Journal of Ethnopharmacology

11. The effects of free condom distribution on HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in men who have sex with men. (PubMed)

condom distribution on incidence and burden of disease of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.A static model was constructed to calculate the impact of free condom distribution on HIV, hepatitis C, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis among men who have sex with men visiting these venues. Outcomes included new infections averted and disability-adjusted life years averted. Scenario studies were performed to predict the effects of a further increase of condom use, condom effectiveness (...) , the number of infections reduced more extensively. Over 99% of the decrease in burden of disease was due to HIV. The intervention was cost-effective and cost-saving (for every €1 spent on condom distribution, €5.51 was saved) and remained this in all sensitivity analyses.Free condoms at public sex venues could reduce the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Condom distribution is an affordable and easily implemented intervention that could reduce the burden of disease in men who

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2019 BMC Infectious Diseases

12. Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Togo: a national cross-sectional survey. (PubMed)

Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Togo: a national cross-sectional survey. Sub-Saharan Africa is a region of both high HIV and cervical cancer incidence. We conducted the first national study in Togo to assess HPV, HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) prevalence among Female Sex Workers (FSW).A multicentric cross-sectional study was conducted among FSW recruited in hot spots (clubs, streets) in four (...) Togolese cities. HPV and STIs were tested from cervical and anal swabs. HIV and syphilis were screened with rapid tests.310 FSW were recruited; HIV and cervical high-risk HPV (hrHPV) prevalence were 10.6% (n=33/310) and 32.9% (n=102/310), respectively. The most frequent hrHPV types were HPV58 (13.6%, n=19/140), HPV35 (12.9%, n=18/140), HPV31 (12.1%, n=17/140) and HPV16 (10.7%, n=15/140). hrHPV prevalence and multiple hrHPV infections showed higher rates in HIV-positive than in HIV-negative FSW (48.5

2019 Clinical Microbiology and Infection

13. Prevalence of HIV and syphilis co-infection and associated factors among non-commercial men who have sex with men attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic in Shenzhen, China. (PubMed)

Prevalence of HIV and syphilis co-infection and associated factors among non-commercial men who have sex with men attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic in Shenzhen, China. Although HIV and syphilis co-infection has been frequently observed in men who have sex with men (MSM), only few studies have focused on it. Different subgroups of MSM might exhibit heterogeneous HIV and syphilis risk profiles, indicating that interventions for HIV and HIV-related co-infections may vary (...) with different subgroups of MSM. However, no previous study has investigated HIV and syphilis co-infection among non-commercial MSM (ncMSM) attending a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the prevalence of HIV and syphilis co-infection and associated factors among ncMSM attending an STD clinic in Shenzhen, China.NcMSM attending the STD clinic of Shenzhen Center for Chronic Disease Control were recruited in this cross-sectional study every Monday between March

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2017 BMC Infectious Diseases

14. Knowledge of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases among men who have sex with men in Finland. (PubMed)

Knowledge of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases among men who have sex with men in Finland. The purpose of this study was to describe what is known about HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, infection transmission routes, care, and sources of information, from the viewpoint of men having sex with men.National data (n = 2,072) was collected from June to August 2010 in Finland as part of a joint internet-based survey conducted in 38 countries (EMIS, European (...) MSM Internet Sex Survey).The respondents' age, place of residence, highest education and employment status were statistically significantly related to how often the respondent sought information on HIV, testing and treatments, and what they knew about infection transmission routes. The respondents' information seeking behavior was not seen as active regarding HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases.We should also consider the possibility of using internet-based interventions

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2017 BMC Infectious Diseases

15. Modeling ecodevelopmental context of sexually transmitted disease/HIV risk and protective behaviors among African-American adolescents (PubMed)

Modeling ecodevelopmental context of sexually transmitted disease/HIV risk and protective behaviors among African-American adolescents Risk and protective processes are integrated developmental processes that directly or indirectly affect behavioral outcomes. A better understanding of these processes is needed, in order to gauge their contribution to sexual risk behaviors. This retrospective cross-sectional study modeled the ecodevelopmental chain of relationships to examine the social contexts (...) of African-American (AA) adolescents associated with sexually transmitted disease (STD)- and HIV-risk behaviors. We used data from 1,619 AA adolescents with an average age of 16±1.8 years obtained from the first wave of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health for this study. Confirmatory factor analysis followed by structural equation modeling was conducted to identify the latent constructs that reflect the social-interactional components of the ecodevelopmental theory. Among contextual

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2017 HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.)

16. Sexually Transmitted Disease Testing and Uptake of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in a Large Online Survey of US Men Who Have Sex With Men at Risk for HIV Infection, 2012 (PubMed)

Sexually Transmitted Disease Testing and Uptake of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in a Large Online Survey of US Men Who Have Sex With Men at Risk for HIV Infection, 2012 National guidelines recommend annual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease testing for sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) and vaccination against human papillomavirus for MSM through age 26. A 2012 online survey of 2,794 MSM found that 51%, 36%, and 14% reported receiving human (...) immunodeficiency virus testing, sexually transmitted disease testing, and human papillomavirus vaccination, respectively.

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2017 Sexually transmitted diseases

17. Canadian guidelines on sexually transmitted infections : interim syphilis treatment guidelines during the Bicillin L-A shortage

Canadian guidelines on sexually transmitted infections : interim syphilis treatment guidelines during the Bicillin L-A shortage Interim Syphilis Treatment Guidelines during the Benzathine Penicillin G (Bicillin L-A) Shortage 2016 Background • The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has been recently informed of a national shortage of benzathine penicillin G (Bicillin L-A) which is estimated to last until July 2016. • Pfizer is the only Canadian supplier of Bicillin L-A at present (...) by PHAC, in collaboration with the Expert Working Group for the Canadian Guidelines on Sexually Transmitted Infections. These recommendations are intended for use during the Bicillin shortage only and until further notice. They may differ from the preferred and alternative treatment recommendations in the Syphilis chapter of the Canadian Guidelines on Sexually Transmitted Infections. Close clinical and/or serologic follow-up is especially important when non-penicillin regimens are used for treatment

2016 CPG Infobase

18. A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the impact of sexual health clinic based automated text message reminders on testing of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in men who have sex with men in China: protocol for the T2T Study. (PubMed)

A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the impact of sexual health clinic based automated text message reminders on testing of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in men who have sex with men in China: protocol for the T2T Study. The frequency of screening for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is still low in China.A sexual health clinic based randomised controlled trial will be conducted in Guangzhou, Wuxi and Shenzhen (...) , China, enrolling 600 MSM. Eligibility will be judged by the pre-programed iPad based questionnaire: (1) age ≥18 years and (2) have had two or more male anal sex partners, or condomless anal sex with a casual male sex partner, or an STI history, in the past 6 months, and (3) provides a valid mobile phone number. Eligible men will be randomly allocated 1:1 to the intervention arm (with monthly text messages reminding them to test for HIV/STIs) or to the control arm (with no reminders). Men in both

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2017 BMJ open

19. Men find self-testing acceptable to test for sexually transmitted infections

Men find self-testing acceptable to test for sexually transmitted infections Men find self-testing acceptable to test for sexually transmitted infections Discover Portal Discover Portal Men find self-testing acceptable to test for sexually transmitted infections Published on 28 March 2017 doi: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common and treatable but men are more reluctant than women to have a test. Self-testing is known to be accurate, but can men use this more? Most men aged 18-35 (...) should work towards a rate of at least 2,300 chlamydia diagnoses per 100,000 population aged 15 to 24 years. The British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (2012) recommends that people with chlamydia should be offered at least one discussion (face-to-face or telephone) to begin the partner notification process. A plan should be agreed with the infected person about who to contact and how. What are the implications? These studies indicate that providing easy access to STI self-testing kits

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

20. HIV and sexually transmitted infections: responding to the “newest normal” (PubMed)

HIV and sexually transmitted infections: responding to the “newest normal” 29989338 2018 11 14 1758-2652 21 7 2018 Jul Journal of the International AIDS Society J Int AIDS Soc HIV and sexually transmitted infections: responding to the "newest normal". e25164 10.1002/jia2.25164 Mayer Kenneth H KH http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7460-733X Fenway Health, The Fenway Institute, Boston, MA, USA. Department of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. Harvard Medical (...) School, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA. de Vries Henry H Department of Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Dermatology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Amsterdam Infection and Immunity Institute (AI&II), Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. eng Journal Article Switzerland J Int AIDS Soc 101478566 1758-2652 HIV care continuum PrEP STD STI Treatment

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2018 Journal of the International AIDS Society

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