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Sexual Assault of Male Victim

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1. Needs of Male Sexual Assault Victims in the U.S. Armed Forces (PubMed)

Needs of Male Sexual Assault Victims in the U.S. Armed Forces In the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, Congress included a requirement to improve prevention of and response to sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of the U.S. armed forces. To support this effort, RAND researchers reviewed previous research on male sexual assault and specifically considered research on male sexual assault in the U.S. military. The researchers also conducted interviews (...) with individuals who provide support services to U.S. military personnel and with civilian experts who study male sexual assault or provide services to male victims. Although research considering the needs of and services for male sexual assault victims is more limited than research addressing female victims of sexual assault, the available research provides initial information on the prevalence, characteristics, consequences, and public perceptions of male sexual assault. This literature-along

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2018 Rand health quarterly

2. Sexually Transmitted Infection Positivity Rate and Treatment Uptake Among Female and Male Sexual Assault Victims Attending The Amsterdam STI Clinic Between 2005 and 2016 (PubMed)

Sexually Transmitted Infection Positivity Rate and Treatment Uptake Among Female and Male Sexual Assault Victims Attending The Amsterdam STI Clinic Between 2005 and 2016 Victims could become infected with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during a sexual assault. Several guidelines recommend presumptive antimicrobial therapy for sexual assault victims (SAVs). We assessed the STI positivity rate and treatment uptake of female and male SAVs at the Amsterdam STI clinic.Sexual assault victims (...) answered assault-related questions and were tested for bacterial STI (chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis), hepatitis B, and HIV during their initial visits. Sexual assault victim characteristics were compared with non-SAV clients. Backward multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess whether being an SAV was associated with a bacterial STI. The proportion of those returning for treatment was calculated.From January 2005 to September 2016, 1066 (0.6%) of 168,915 and 135 (0.07

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2018 Sexually transmitted diseases

3. Towards a more integrated and gender-sensitive care delivery for victims of sexual assault: key findings and recommendations from the Belgian sexual assault care centre feasibility study (PubMed)

of the current sexual assault health services and their potential transition to the Sexual Assault Care Centre model was then executed.Despite adequate equipment, the clear fragmentation of health services and limited follow-up hamper an integrated care delivery in most hospitals. Only three hospitals differentiated their sexual assault care protocol based on the victim's gender, gender identity and sexual orientation. A striking unawareness among health professionals of sexual assault in male victims (...) Towards a more integrated and gender-sensitive care delivery for victims of sexual assault: key findings and recommendations from the Belgian sexual assault care centre feasibility study Sexual assault remains a major threat to public health, affecting every gender, gender identity and sexual orientation. Following the Belgian ratification of the Istanbul Convention in 2016, the feasibility of a Belgian sexual assault centre model was investigated, aiming to provide more integrated and patient

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2018 International journal for equity in health

4. Effects of bystander programs on the prevention of sexual assault among adolescents and college students: a systematic review

& Charles, 2009), with males being less likely than females to intervene (Banyard, 2008; Burn, 2009; Edwards, Rodenhizer-Stampfli, & Eckstein, 2015; Exner & Cummings, 2011; McMahon, 2010). 16 The Campbell Collaboration | www.campbellcollaboration.org Thus, bystander programs seek to sensitize young people to warning signs of sexual assault, create attitudinal change that fosters bystander responsibility for intervening (e.g., creating empathy for victims), and build requisite skills/tactics for taking (...) victims as worthy of assistance, and building skills necessary to intervene (e.g., providing strategies for what to do and say). Although most bystander programs share the common goal of promoting such prerequisites for intervention, their specific program content and framing of sexual assault varies. 17 The Campbell Collaboration | www.campbellcollaboration.org Research has indicated that, relative to males, females are overwhelmingly the victims of sexual assault (Foshee, 1996; Gressard, Swahn

2019 Campbell Collaboration

5. Sexual abuse and assault

Sexual abuse and assault Sexual abuse and assault - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Sexual abuse and assault Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: May 2018 Summary Sexual assault is common and can affect adults of any age. Young women are most at risk, but males are also sexually violated. The majority of children presenting for a sexual abuse evaluation have normal findings on physical examination (...) . Sexually transmitted infections are uncommon in sexually abused pre-pubertal children. Time elapsed since the most recent sexual assault, and the pubertal status of the child, determine the appropriate management strategy in the acute setting. Girls have a higher risk than boys of victimisation such as sexual abuse. Definition The World Health Organization defines sexual violence as "any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic or otherwise

2018 BMJ Best Practice

6. Sexual Assault of Male Victim

Sexual Assault of Male Victim Sexual Assault of Male Victim Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Sexual Assault of Male (...) Victim Sexual Assault of Male Victim Aka: Sexual Assault of Male Victim , Male Rape Victim From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology lifetime : 1.4% of U.S. men (typically before at 25 years old) However, this number may be an underestimate with some studies with lifetime as high as 3-7% Contrast with rape lifetime of 18% in women However, lifetime of other sexual is approximately 5% for both genders Perpetrators of male victim rape are also male in 80% of cases However females are more common

2018 FP Notebook

7. How Men’s Sexual Assault Victimization Experiences Differ Based on Their Sexual History (PubMed)

sexual activity and tactics (i.e., physically forced attempted or completed rape), and report both male and female perpetrators, compared with MSW. Community, nonproblem drinking men, ages 21 to 30 ( N = 311), reported on their sexual assault victimization experiences since age 14 using a modified version of the Sexual Experiences Survey. Six items were used to assess participants' number of unwanted sexual experiences (i.e., unwanted sexual contact, attempted and completed rape) that included (...) the use of intoxication, physical force, both, or neither. For each item, participants indicated if the perpetrator(s) was/were male, female, or both male and female. Two fifths of men reported experiencing sexual assault, the majority of which involved attempted or completed rape. Replicating and extending previous research, MSW/M were significantly more likely to be victims (65% vs. 39%), experienced a significantly greater number of sexual assault acts since age 14, were more likely to have

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2017 Journal of interpersonal violence

8. Sexual Assault of Male Victim

Sexual Assault of Male Victim Sexual Assault of Male Victim Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Sexual Assault of Male (...) Victim Sexual Assault of Male Victim Aka: Sexual Assault of Male Victim , Male Rape Victim From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology lifetime : 1.4% of U.S. men (typically before at 25 years old) However, this number may be an underestimate with some studies with lifetime as high as 3-7% Contrast with rape lifetime of 18% in women However, lifetime of other sexual is approximately 5% for both genders Perpetrators of male victim rape are also male in 80% of cases However females are more common

2017 FP Notebook

9. CRACKCast E067 – Sexual Assault

(Outside Vancouver) for timely and convenient clinical advice on HIV/AIDS treatment and management. REACH provides consultation services from infectious disease specialists, physicians, and/or pharmacists experienced in HIV management. This service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. [8] What differences should be considered with male victims of sexual assault? Much less common: 8% of SA outside of incarceration environments Likely lower reporting rates due to cultural/societal factors (...) in which consent is not obtained or not freely given ” Does not require (but may involve) penetration, completion, or even non-physical contact (e.g. voyeurism) The past 30 years have seen the development of sexual assault response teams (SARTs) and sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) to respond to episodes of sexual assault and support the victims (SAVs). In the US, all SAVs must be offered forensic examination regardless of cooperation with police – this can cause issues regarding storage

2017 CandiEM

10. Forensic Nurse Examiners versus Doctors for the Forensic Examination of Rape and Sexual Assault Complainants: A Systematic Review

Nurse Examiners compared to Physicians for the initial forensic examination of the victims of rape and sexual assault Patient or population: patients with the initial forensic examination of the victims of rape and sexual assault Settings: Intervention: Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners Comparison: Physicians Outcomes Illustrative comparative risks* (95% CI) Relative effect (95% CI) No of Participants (studies) Quality of the evidence (GRADE) Comments Assumed risk Corresponding risk Non-SANE health (...) Forensic Nurse Examiners versus Doctors for the Forensic Examination of Rape and Sexual Assault Complainants: A Systematic Review Campbell Systematic Reviews 2014:5 First published: 01 May, 2014 Search executed February, 2012 Forensic Nurse Examiners versus Doctors for the Forensic Examination of Rape and Sexual Assault Complainants: A Systematic Review Clare Toon & Kurinchi Gurusamy Colophon Title Forensic Nurse Examiners versus Doctors for the Forensic Examination of Rape and Sexual Assault

2014 Campbell Collaboration

11. Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections Among People Attending the Sexual Assault Centre in Oslo, Norway.

after a sexual assult. Results from this study will also be compared with findings of STI in the general population. At the Sexual Assault Centre in Oslo, Norway, patients are routinely offered three medical follow up consultations. Consequently, if the attendance at follow up visits turns out to be adequate, prophylactic (antibiotic) treatment can potentially be omitted. Since victims of assault are in a vulnerable situation, it would be useful to be able to inform them more precisely about (...) information Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by Odd Martin Vallersnes, University of Oslo: Sexual assault Sexually transmitted diseases Chlamydia trachomatis Mycoplasma genitalium Neisseria gonorrhoeae Hepatitis B and C HIV Syphilis Follow up visits after sexual assault Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Sexually Transmitted Diseases Infection Virus Diseases Genital Diseases, Male Genital Diseases

2017 Clinical Trials

12. Collecting sexual assault history and forensic evidence from adult women in the emergency department: a retrospective study. (PubMed)

a broader application of sexual assault management, particularly during the taking of case history.The Laboratory of Forensic Genetics of Padua University have processed samples from 122 sexual assault cases over a period of 5 years.Of the 103 cases in which the victim reported a penetration and ejaculation, only 67 (55% of all the samples) correlated with positive feedback match from the laboratory. In 36 cases in which the patient reported penetration with ejaculation, no male DNA was found (...) Collecting sexual assault history and forensic evidence from adult women in the emergency department: a retrospective study. The objective of this retrospective study was to examine the discrepancy between information derived from written medical reports and the results of forensic DNA analyses on swabs collected from the victims in 122 cases of alleged sexual assault treated at the Emergency Department of Padua Hospital. The examination of discrepant results has proved useful to support

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2018 BMC health services research

13. Bros Will Be Bros? The Effect of Fraternity Membership on Perceived Culpability for Sexual Assault. (PubMed)

Bros Will Be Bros? The Effect of Fraternity Membership on Perceived Culpability for Sexual Assault. To examine the link between fraternity membership and sexual assault perpetration, we used an experimental design to assess the role of perceptions in an ambiguous sexual assault scenario. Undergraduates ( N = 408) were randomly assigned to either an experimental group where the perpetrator is a fraternity member or a control group where no fraternity information is given. Males rated (...) perpetrators as less guilty and victims as more culpable when the perpetrator was a fraternity member, suggesting that sexual violence may be reinforced among fraternity members as they are both more likely to perpetrate sexual assault and less likely to be blamed.

2018 Violence against women

14. Facing the Threat of Hepatitis B Following Sexual Coercion or Assault

of sexual violence around the world, which endangers public health on many levels. There is the mental trauma victims experience and there is the spread of sexually-transmitted infections, such as hepatitis B and HIV. Hepatitis B is 50- to 100-times more infectious than HIV and can be passed through the exchange of body fluids, such as semen, vaginal fluids and blood. The CDC recommends the to protect against hepatitis B following sexual assault. When the perpetrator has hepatitis B (is positive (...) Facing the Threat of Hepatitis B Following Sexual Coercion or Assault Facing the Threat of Hepatitis B Following Sexual Coercion or Assault - Hepatitis B Foundation , Facing the Threat of Hepatitis B Following Sexual Coercion or Assault Image courtesy of tuelekza at FreeDigitalPhotos.net. By Christine Kukka Around the world, the most common way hepatitis B is spread is through sex — and sometimes it’s not consensual. In the United States, sexual transmission of hepatitis B accounts for nearly

2017 hepbblog

15. The Impact of Drinking Age Laws on Perpetration of Sexual Assault Crimes in Canada, 2009-2013. (PubMed)

The Impact of Drinking Age Laws on Perpetration of Sexual Assault Crimes in Canada, 2009-2013. Sexual-assault crimes, primarily perpetrated by males against female victims, impose a substantial burden on societies worldwide, especially on youth. Given that approximately half of all sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator or victim, it is reasonable to expect that minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions might have an effect on sexual-assault patterns. Canadian MLDA (...) involvement indicator.Nationally, in comparison to males slightly younger than the MLDA, those just older had significant and immediate increases in sexual-assault perpetration of 31.9% (95% confidence interval: 8.7%-54.5%, p = .007). In MLDA-19 provinces, there was an immediate post-MLDA increase of 56.0% (95% confidence interval: 18.9%-90.8%, p = .004) in sexual-assault crimes by males just older than 19 years, whereas in MLDA-18 provinces no significant effect was found. For females

2017 The Journal of Adolescent Health

16. A Systematic Review of Sexual Assaults in Nursing Homes. (PubMed)

excluded. Sexual assault was not restricted to a single definition, study method, or country.Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria. Sexual assault was the least reported type of assault in NH. Victims of sexual assault were likely to be females with cognitive or physical impairments. Perpetrators were likely to be male residents, although staff members were also substantiated. Forensic characteristics and investigative data were limited. Study limitation included inconsistencies between study purposes (...) victim/perpetrator sociodemographic and relationship characteristics as well as the forensic characteristics of sexual assaults occurring in NH.A 7 database systematic search of studies published between January 1, 1949 and October 26, 2015 was conducted that examined sexual assaults in NH. Articles reporting on sexual assault in NH and other institutional settings were eligible. Community-dwelling populations and studies not describing sexual assault or physical aspects of sexual assault were

2017 The Gerontologist

17. The Effect of Gender on Perceptions of Credibility in Child Sexual Assault Cases: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

The Effect of Gender on Perceptions of Credibility in Child Sexual Assault Cases: A Systematic Review. Child sexual assault cases have one of the highest attrition rates throughout the justice system, with jurors' perceptions of the credibility of the child playing a critical role in the judicial process and resulting outcomes. One of the most prominent influences on credibility is gender, specifically victim and perceiver gender. This article reports the findings of a systematic search (...) of the literature exploring the impact of these factors on perceptions of victim credibility. Results suggest that overall females tend to rate victim credibility higher than do males; however, this gender effect is minimized when the alleged perpetrator is not the biological parent of the victim. There is little support for a victim gender effect, such that potential jurors' ratings of victim credibility does not appear to be influenced by the gender of the victim. The review highlights the lack of consistent

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2017 Journal of child sexual abuse

18. The male victim of sexual assault. (PubMed)

The male victim of sexual assault. Under-reporting by male victims is more pronounced than for females victims, and so male victims remain a rarity for most sexual assault aftercare service providers. In this chapter, I present a review of forensic medical and psycho-social literature on male-on-male rape and sexual assault. Where appropriate, comparison is made with female victims, as that is the context with which most aftercare service providers are familiar. The following aspects (...) are covered: prevalence; definitions; social perceptions of perpetrators and victims of sexual assault on males; characteristics of victims and assaults; physiological and psychological responses; and implications for forensic medical investigation.Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2013 Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology

19. A victim of sexual harassment as a medical student

A victim of sexual harassment as a medical student A victim of sexual harassment as a medical student A victim of sexual harassment as a medical student | | February 17, 2017 58 Shares When I was a third-year medical student, I was a victim of sexual harassment. I had a patient (I no longer remember his name, so let’s call him Mr. X) who was in his eighties and I had to do a rectal exam on him. I had been on the team taking care of Mr. X for a while, and I was fine doing the rectal exam (...) patients don’t understand the hierarchy at a teaching hospital. And some patients assume that if you’re female that you’re the nurse or nursing student. Mr. X would treat me appropriately when there were other members in the room. When I went to check on him on my own, he was sexist in his answers and made me uncomfortable. I didn’t report him. I was overheard by my (all male) team talking about what happened. My attending asked if I would attend a hospital meeting about sexual harassment. Again I felt

2017 KevinMD blog

20. Trends and patterns of sexual assaults in Lagos south-western Nigeria (PubMed)

retrieved from medical records department. Relevant information was extracted and managed with SPSS for windows version 19.Steady increase in the proportion of reported cases of sexual violence over the years (P < 0.0001) was observed. Sexual assaults were recorded among the males (6.1%), although female victims were in the majority (93.9%). Sexual assault was found to be higher in person's <20 years and the unmarried. Most sexual assault occurred during the day time. Assailants were mostly persons (...) Trends and patterns of sexual assaults in Lagos south-western Nigeria Sexual assault is a severely traumatic experience that disproportionally affects women and girls. Yet there is limited information on the subject in our environment. This study was conducted to determine the trend and pattern of sexual assault among Nigerians.A retrospective study of sexual assault victims managed at a large clinic in south west Nigeria. Victims were identified from the programme data base and case files

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2016 The Pan African medical journal

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