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Serum Magnesium

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41. Relationship between serum total magnesium and serum potassium in emergency surgical patients in a tertiary hospital in Ghana (PubMed)

Relationship between serum total magnesium and serum potassium in emergency surgical patients in a tertiary hospital in Ghana Potassium and magnesium are the two most abundant intra-cellular cations. They play pivotal roles in many essential biological processes. Deficiencies of these electrolytes are of clinical importance in hospitalised patients.To determine the relationship between serum total magnesium and potassium levels in adult patients requiring an emergency intra-abdominal surgery (...) and the clinical utility of this relationship in the care of patients.A cross sectional study was conducted over a five month period at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. All 101 adult patients admitted for emergency intra-abdominal surgery, who met the inclusion criteria and gave informed consent, were consecutively recruited and enrolled into the study. Patients' characteristics preoperative total serum magnesium, serum potassium and albumin levels were determined. Regression analysis and correlation

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2016 Ghana Medical Journal

42. Implementation of Clinical Decision Support Rules to Reduce Repeat Measurement of Serum Ionized Calcium, Serum Magnesium, and N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Intensive Care Unit Inpatients. (PubMed)

Implementation of Clinical Decision Support Rules to Reduce Repeat Measurement of Serum Ionized Calcium, Serum Magnesium, and N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Intensive Care Unit Inpatients. We assessed the impact of clinical decision support (CDS) rules within the electronic health record for ionized calcium (iCa), serum magnesium (Mg), and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in intensive care unit (ICU) inpatients at a large academic center.A repeat order

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2016 Clinical Chemistry

43. Magnesium

the effect of magnesium supplementation on the depression status of depressed patients suffering from magnesium deficiency. Sixty depressed people suffering from hypomagnesemia participated in this trial. The individuals were randomly categorized into two groups of 30 members; one receiving two 250-mg tablets of magnesium oxide (MG) daily and the other receiving placebo (PG) for 8 wk. The Beck Depression Inventory-II was conducted and the concentration of serum magnesium 2017 Follow us: © 2019 Trip (...) Magnesium Top results for magnesium - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

44. Serum Magnesium Levels in Preterm Infants Are Higher Than Adult Levels: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis. (PubMed)

Serum Magnesium Levels in Preterm Infants Are Higher Than Adult Levels: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis. Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral in the body, impacting the synthesis of biomacromolecules, bone matrix development, energy production, as well as heart, nerve, and muscle function. Although the importance of Mg is evident, reference values for serum Mg (sMg) in pediatric patients (more specifically, in neonates) are not well established. This systematic literature (...) review and meta-analysis (using 47 eligible studies) aims to quantify normal and tolerable ranges of sMg concentrations during the neonatal period and to highlight the factors influencing Mg levels and the importance of regulating sMg levels during pregnancy and birth. In newborns without Mg supplementation during pregnancy, magnesium levels at birth (0.76 (95% CI: 0.52, 0.99) mmol/L) were similar to that of mothers during pregnancy (0.74 (95% CI: 0.43, 1.04) mmol/L), but increased during the first

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2017 Nutrients

45. Serum magnesium is associated with the risk of dementia. (PubMed)

Serum magnesium is associated with the risk of dementia. To determine if serum magnesium levels are associated with the risk of all-cause dementia and Alzheimer disease.Within the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study, we measured serum magnesium levels in 9,569 participants, free from dementia at baseline (1997-2008). Participants were subsequently followed up for incident dementia, determined according to the DSM-III-R criteria, until January 1, 2015. We used Cox proportional hazard (...) regression models to associate quintiles of serum magnesium with incident all-cause dementia. We used the third quintile as a reference group and adjusted for age, sex, Rotterdam Study cohort, educational level, cardiovascular risk factors, kidney function, comorbidities, other electrolytes, and diuretic use.Our study population had a mean age of 64.9 years and 56.6% were women. During a median follow-up of 7.8 years, 823 participants were diagnosed with all-cause dementia. Both low serum magnesium

2017 Neurology

46. Serum magnesium concentrations and all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality among U.S. adults: Results from the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. (PubMed)

Serum magnesium concentrations and all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality among U.S. adults: Results from the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Few studies have examined the associations of serum magnesium (Mg) concentrations with total and cause-specific mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. We investigate the dose-response relationships of baseline serum Mg concentrations with risk of mortalities in a large, nationally representative sample of US (...) adults.We analyzed prospective data of 14,353 participants aged 25-74 years with measures of serum Mg concentrations at baseline (1971-1975) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study (NHEFS). Mortality data was linked through December 31, 2011. We estimated the mortality hazard ratios (HRs), for participants within serum Mg categories of <0.7, 0.7-0.74, 0.75-0.79, 0.8-0.89 (referent), 0.9-0.94, 0.95-0.99, and ≥1.0 mmol/L using weighted multivariate

2017 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

47. Effects of Canagliflozin on Serum Magnesium in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Post Hoc Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. (PubMed)

Effects of Canagliflozin on Serum Magnesium in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Post Hoc Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, on serum magnesium in hypomagnesemic patients with type 2 diabetes.This post hoc analysis was based on pooled data from four placebo-controlled studies of canagliflozin (N = 2313). The proportion of patients with baseline serum magnesium (...) <0.74 mmol/L who achieved serum magnesium ≥0.74 mmol/L at week 26 was evaluated.At week 26, canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg increased serum magnesium versus placebo in patients with baseline serum magnesium <0.74 mmol/L (17.0% and 19.0% vs 3.9%) and ≥0.74 mmol/L (4.9% and 7.0% vs -1.4%). More patients with baseline serum magnesium <0.74 mmol/L had serum magnesium ≥0.74 mmol/L at week 26 with canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg versus placebo (74.1% and 80.6% vs 28.8%).Canagliflozin was associated

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2017 Diabetes therapy : research, treatment and education of diabetes and related disorders

49. Serum magnesium and the risk of prediabetes: a population-based cohort study. (PubMed)

Serum magnesium and the risk of prediabetes: a population-based cohort study. Previous studies have found an association between serum magnesium and incident diabetes; however, this association may be due to reverse causation, whereby diabetes may induce urinary magnesium loss. In contrast, in prediabetes (defined as impaired fasting glucose), serum glucose levels are below the threshold for urinary magnesium wasting and, hence, unlikely to influence serum magnesium levels. Thus, to study (...) the directionality of the association between serum magnesium levels and diabetes, we investigated its association with prediabetes. We also investigated whether magnesium-regulating genes influence diabetes risk through serum magnesium levels. Additionally, we quantified the effect of insulin resistance in the association between serum magnesium levels and diabetes risk.Within the population-based Rotterdam Study, we used Cox models, adjusted for age, sex, lifestyle factors, comorbidities, kidney function

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2017 Diabetologia

50. Serum Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc and Copper Levels in Sudanese Women with Preeclampsia. (PubMed)

Serum Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc and Copper Levels in Sudanese Women with Preeclampsia. Although the exact pathophysiology of preeclampsia is not fully understood, several elemental micronutrient abnormalities have been suggested to play a contributory role in preeclampsia.To investigate the levels of calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper in women with preeclampsia.A case-control study was conducted in Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Sudan, during the period of September through December 2014 (...) . The cases were women with preeclampsia while healthy pregnant women were the controls. The medical and obstetrics history was gathered using questionnaires. The serum levels of calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometer.There was no significant difference between the two groups in their age, gestational age, parity and body mass index. Zinc and copper levels were not significantly different between the two groups. In comparison with the controls, women

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2016 PLoS ONE

51. Lower serum magnesium is associated with vascular calcification in peritoneal dialysis patients: a cross sectional study. (PubMed)

Lower serum magnesium is associated with vascular calcification in peritoneal dialysis patients: a cross sectional study. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent among dialysis patients and is associated with increased cardiovascular and all cause mortality. Magnesium (Mg) inhibits vascular calcification in animal and in-vitro studies but whether the same effect occurs in humans is uncertain.A single centre cross-sectional study of 80 prevalent peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (...) ; on PD only for a minimum of 3 months. A radiologist blinded to patient status calculated their abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) scores on lateral lumbar spine radiographs, a validated surrogate for CAC.Eighty patients provided informed consent and underwent lumbar spine radiography. The mean serum Mg was 0.8 mmol/L (standard deviation 0.2) and mean AAC score 8.9 (minimum 0, maximum 24). A higher serum Mg level was associated with a lower AAC score (R 2 = 0.06, unstandardized coefficient [B

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2017 BMC Nephrology

52. Randomized Trial of the Effect of Magnesium Sulfate Continuous Infusion on IL-6 and CRP Serum Levels Following Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Surgery. (PubMed)

Randomized Trial of the Effect of Magnesium Sulfate Continuous Infusion on IL-6 and CRP Serum Levels Following Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Surgery. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is widely considered as the disease of elderly white men. Inflammation is one of the most well-known mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of AAA. Magnesium is one of the most important minerals in the body with established anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of Mg loading

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2017 Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research : IJPR

53. The Effects of Serum Proteins on Magnesium Alloy Degradation in Vitro (PubMed)

The Effects of Serum Proteins on Magnesium Alloy Degradation in Vitro Magnesium (Mg) alloys are promising materials for biodegradable implants, but their clinical translation requires improved control over their degradation rates. Proteins may be a major contributing factor to Mg alloy degradation, but are not yet fully understood. This article reports the effects of fetal bovine serum (FBS), a physiologically relevant mixture of proteins, on Mg and Mg alloy degradation. FBS had little impact (...) or oxidized surfaces and on MgY alloy with oxidized surfaces. The results demonstrated that serum proteins had significant interactions with Mg-based biodegradable metals, and these interactions may be modified by alloy composition and processing. Therefore, proteins should be taken into account when designing experiments to assess degradation of Mg-based implants.

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2017 Scientific reports

54. Ionized and total serum magnesium in hemodialysis: predictors and variability. A longitudinal cross-sectional study (PubMed)

Ionized and total serum magnesium in hemodialysis: predictors and variability. A longitudinal cross-sectional study Ionized Magnesium (ion-Mg) represents the active biological fraction of the serum magnesium content. The assessment of total serum Mg (tot-Mg) might not accurately identify patients with hypo-or hyper-magnesaemie. In hemodialysis, serum tot-Mg levels in the upper part of the distribution, have been associated with reduced mortality and fewer vascular calcifications; thus (...) by high intra- and inter-individual variabilities particularly in younger women and those with better nutrition. Patients with greater variability could potentially be at risk if exposed to higher concentrations of magnesium in the dialysate. An interventional study, with controlled increase of magnesium concentrations in the dialysate has been planned.

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2017 Clinical and experimental nephrology

55. Comparison between serum magnesium levels of asphyxiated neonates and normal cases (PubMed)

Comparison between serum magnesium levels of asphyxiated neonates and normal cases Background: Asphyxia is one the most important causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity. It is suggested that magnesium may have a protective role against cellular damage during hypoxic brain insult, or change effect post-asphyxia consequences. Our study was performed for comparison of serum magnesium in neonates with and without asphyxia. Methods: This study was done in Neonatal Ward of Ali-Asghar hospital (...) , from January 2010 to 2011 in Tehran, Iran. Serum magnesium levels of seventy-six cases with a diagnosis of asphyxia grade 2 were compared with 76 normal newborns. Collected data including gestational age, sex, birth weight and serum magnesium levels were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: Of 152 neonates, 81 (53.3%) were male. Mean gestational age was 37.9 ± 1.07 weeks. Mean birth weights were 3172.9± 411.20 grams. Mean serum magnesium levels were compared in asphyxiated and normal neonates

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2017 Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

56. Serum Magnesium Concentrations in the Canadian Population and Associations with Diabetes, Glycemic Regulation, and Insulin Resistance (PubMed)

Serum Magnesium Concentrations in the Canadian Population and Associations with Diabetes, Glycemic Regulation, and Insulin Resistance Total serum magnesium (Mg) concentration (SMC) is commonly used to assess Mg status. This study reports current SMCs of Canadians and their associations with demographic factors, diabetes, and measures of glycemic control and insulin resistance using results from the Canadian Health Measures Survey cycle 3 (2012-2013). Associations were examined in adults aged 20 (...) was associated with 0.04 to 0.07 mmol·L-1 lower SMC compared to not having diabetes in the various models. Body mass index, glycated hemoglobin, serum glucose and insulin concentrations, and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance were negatively associated with SMC. This is the first study to report SMCs in a nationally representative sample of the Canadian population. A substantial proportion of Canadians are hypomagnesaemic in relation to a population-based reference interval, and SMC

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2017 Nutrients

57. Is an Increase in Serum Magnesium One of the Causes of Cardiovascular Events Reduction in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME Study? (PubMed)

Is an Increase in Serum Magnesium One of the Causes of Cardiovascular Events Reduction in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME Study? 28392867 2018 11 13 1918-3003 9 5 2017 May Journal of clinical medicine research J Clin Med Res Is an Increase in Serum Magnesium One of the Causes of Cardiovascular Events Reduction in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME Study? 449-450 10.14740/jocmr3014w Yanagawa Tatsuo T Department of Medicine, Nerima General Hospital and Public Interest Incorporated Foundation, Tokyo Healthcare Foundation

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2017 Journal of clinical medicine research

58. Low serum magnesium levels are associated with increased risk of fractures: a long-term prospective cohort study (PubMed)

Low serum magnesium levels are associated with increased risk of fractures: a long-term prospective cohort study Magnesium, which is an essential trace element that plays a key role in several cellular processes, is a major component of bone; however, its relationship with risk of major bone fractures is uncertain. We aimed to investigate the association of baseline serum magnesium concentrations with risk of incident fractures. We analyzed data on 2245 men aged 42-61 years in the Kuopio (...) Ischemic Heart Disease prospective cohort study, with the assessment of serum magnesium measurements and dietary intakes made at baseline. Hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals (CI)] for incident total (femoral, humeral, and forearm) and femoral fractures were assessed. During a median follow-up of 25.6 years, 123 total fractures were recorded. Serum magnesium was non-linearly associated with risk of total fractures. In age-adjusted Cox regression analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) (95% CIs) for total

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2017 European journal of epidemiology

59. Serum magnesium concentration is independently associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (PubMed)

Serum magnesium concentration is independently associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis The pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has not been well recognized yet.This study aimed to investigate the association between serum magnesium concentration and NAFLD.Study participants were healthy individuals who had undergone liver biopsies between January 2012 and August 2015 as a routine pre-transplant check-up before living donor liver (...) transplantation. Liver biopsy specimens were evaluated by an expert pathologist regarding presence of hepatic steatosis and steatohepatitis. Serum magnesium concentration was measured and compared in those with normal liver biopsy and those with steatosis and steatohepatitis.A total of 226 individuals were included. Eighty-two individuals (36.2%) had hepatic steatosis and 22 (9.7%) individuals had steatohepatitis and steatosis in their liver histology. Lower serum magnesium concentration was independently

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2017 United European gastroenterology journal

60. Serum magnesium and calcium in preeclampsia: a comparative study at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana (PubMed)

Serum magnesium and calcium in preeclampsia: a comparative study at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana A large percentage (16% of maternal mortality in developed countries, compared to 9% in developing countries), is due to hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The etiology of preeclampsia remains unknown, with poorly understood pathophysiology. Magnesium and calcium play an important role in vascular smooth muscle function and therefore a possible role in the development of preeclampsia.We (...) aimed to compare serum magnesium and total calcium levels of preeclamptic and normal pregnant women at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Ghana.A comparative cross-sectional study involving 30 normal pregnant and 30 preeclamptic women with >30 weeks gestation and aged 18-35 years, was conducted at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. Magnesium and calcium were determined using a flame atomic absorption spectrometer.Mean serum magnesium and total calcium levels in preeclamptic women were 0.70±0.15 and 2.13

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2017 Integrated blood pressure control

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