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Serum Glucose

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221. Drinking water with consumption of a jelly filled doughnut has a time dependent effect on the postprandial blood glucose level in healthy young individuals. (Abstract)

Drinking water with consumption of a jelly filled doughnut has a time dependent effect on the postprandial blood glucose level in healthy young individuals. An elevated postprandial glucose (PPG) level in plasma or blood is a risk factor for chronic disorders like obesity, diabetes mellitus type II and related cardiovascular conditions. Therefore, it is important to identify mechanisms that increase the value of postprandial glucose PPG levels. Hence in the present study we investigated (...) the time dependent effect of drinking water during a meal on the level of PPG. Thirty-five volunteers were randomly assigned to five groups. Group A was given a jelly filled doughnut and group B, C, D and E had a similar doughnut in combination with a bottle of water along with the doughnut, thirty minutes before, thirty minutes after, and a second doughnut with water thirty minutes after the first one, respectively. Glucose was measured in capillary blood at intervals of 30 min up to 150 min (reg

2018 Clinical nutrition ESPEN Controlled trial quality: uncertain

222. The effect of diabetes self-management education on psychological status and blood glucose in newly diagnosed patients with diabetes type 2. (Abstract)

The effect of diabetes self-management education on psychological status and blood glucose in newly diagnosed patients with diabetes type 2. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of self-management education on psychological outcomes and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus.Patients were randomly assigned to education group and control group. Education group received professional education and control group received routine outpatient education.A total of 118 patients (...) were randomly assigned to two groups (education group, n = 63; control group, n = 55). Compared with control group, the anxiety score (36.00 vs. 42.50, P < 0.05) and depression score (35.50 vs. 44.00, P < 0.05) significantly decreased at the sixth month in education group, respectively. Compared with control group, fasting blood glucose (6.78 mmol/L vs. 7.70 mmol/L, P < 0.00), postprandial blood glucose (7.90 mmol/L vs. 10.58 mmol/L, P < 0.00) and glycosylated haemoglobin A1C level [6.20 (5.80

2018 Patient education and counseling Controlled trial quality: uncertain

223. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Frequency of Blood Glucose Monitoring: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Frequency of Blood Glucose Monitoring: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 29064960 2018 07 16 2018 12 02 1873-233X 130 5 2017 11 Obstetrics and gynecology Obstet Gynecol Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Frequency of Blood Glucose Monitoring: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 1158 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002341 Murphy Colleen C St. George's University, Grenada, West Indies Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx, New York. Rashid Waqarun W Henderson Cassandra E (...) CE eng Journal Article Comment United States Obstet Gynecol 0401101 0029-7844 0 Blood Glucose 0 Glycated Hemoglobin A AIM IM Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Jul;130(1):163-170 28594772 Blood Glucose Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Female Glycated Hemoglobin A analysis Humans Pregnancy 2017 10 25 6 0 2017 10 25 6 0 2018 7 17 6 0 ppublish 29064960 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002341 00006250-201711000-00034

2018 Obstetrics and Gynecology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

224. Dietary Management of Blood Glucose in Medical Critically Ill Overweight and Obese Patients: An Open-Label Randomized Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dietary Management of Blood Glucose in Medical Critically Ill Overweight and Obese Patients: An Open-Label Randomized Trial. Enteral nutrition (EN) increases hyperglycemia due to high carbohydrate concentrations while providing insufficient protein. The study tested whether an EN formula with very high-protein- and low-carbohydrate-facilitated glucose control delivered higher protein concentrations within a hypocaloric protocol.This was a multicenter, randomized, open-label clinical trial (...) and 1.1 ± 0.3 g/kg ideal body weight/day (P = .83), and 18.2 ± 6.0 and 12.5 ± 3.7 kcals/kg ideal body weight/day (P < .0001), respectively. The combined rate of glucose events outside the range of >110 and ≤150 mg/dL were not different (P = .54, primary endpoint); thereby the trial was terminated. The mean blood glucose for the control and the experimental groups were 138 (-SD 108, +SD 177) and 126 (-SD 99, +SD 160) mg/dL (P = .004), respectively. Mean rate of glucose events >150 mg/dL decreased (Δ

2018 JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

225. White Sesame Seed Oil Mitigates Blood Glucose Level, Reduces Oxidative Stress, and Improves Biomarkers of Hepatic and Renal Function in Participants with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. (Abstract)

White Sesame Seed Oil Mitigates Blood Glucose Level, Reduces Oxidative Stress, and Improves Biomarkers of Hepatic and Renal Function in Participants with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. The study was designed to investigate the impact of white sesame seed oil (WSSO) consumption on fasting blood glucose (GLU), insulin (INS), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and hepatic antioxidant enzymes. A secondary aim was to check the influence on serum biochemistry, hepatic, cardiac, and renal functions.Forty-six (...) participants with type 2 diabetes were recruited and randomly divided into two equal groups: diabetic control (DCON) and diabetic sesame oil (DSO). At baseline and 30, 60, and 90 days, blood samples were drawn and analyzed. Two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to evaluate the difference between groups and across time.In both groups, GLU, INS, and HbA1c were not significantly different at baseline (mean 187.07 ± 5.63 mg/dl, mean 12.12 ± 1.03 μU/ml, and mean 7.55 ± 0.37%, respectively

2018 Journal of the American College of Nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

226. Efficacy of self-monitoring blood glucose as a key component of a chronic care model versus usual care in type 2 diabetes patients treated with oral agents: results of a randomized trial. (Abstract)

Efficacy of self-monitoring blood glucose as a key component of a chronic care model versus usual care in type 2 diabetes patients treated with oral agents: results of a randomized trial. 29138925 2018 10 18 1432-5233 55 3 2018 Mar Acta diabetologica Acta Diabetol Efficacy of self-monitoring blood glucose as a key component of a chronic care model versus usual care in type 2 diabetes patients treated with oral agents: results of a randomized trial. 295-299 10.1007/s00592-017-1072-0 Musacchio

2018 Acta diabetologica Controlled trial quality: uncertain

227. Effects of a Web-Based Self-Management Program on the Behavior and Blood Glucose Levels of Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. (Abstract)

Effects of a Web-Based Self-Management Program on the Behavior and Blood Glucose Levels of Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus suffer from anxiety and depression, which make controlling blood glucose levels difficult.This quasi-experimental study uses a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design to investigate the effects of a web-based self-care program on self-care behaviors, anxiety, depression, and blood glucose in patients (...) with gestational diabetes mellitus.The subjects of the study were outpatients being treated in the Department of Endocrinology at Hospital G, located in Seoul near University C, from July 15, 2015, to December 31, 2016. The experimental and control groups contained 22 participants each. The experimental group received a 12-week web-based program and one session of nutrition education; the control group received nutrition education. Using the SPSS program, pre-post changes in blood glucose, anxiety, depression

2018 Telemedicine journal and e-health : the official journal of the American Telemedicine Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

228. Corrigendum to "Short-term effect of add on bell pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum) juice with integrated approach of yoga therapy on blood glucose levels and cardiovascular functions in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled s Full Text available with Trip Pro

Corrigendum to "Short-term effect of add on bell pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum) juice with integrated approach of yoga therapy on blood glucose levels and cardiovascular functions in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled s 29609932 2018 04 03 1873-6963 37 2018 Apr Complementary therapies in medicine Complement Ther Med Corrigendum to "Short-term effect of add on bell pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum) juice with integrated approach of yoga therapy on blood (...) glucose levels and cardiovascular functions in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled study." [Comp. Ther. Med. 34 (2017) 42-45]. 185 S0965-2299(17)30818-X 10.1016/j.ctim.2017.11.010 Nagasukeerthi Padakandla P Department of Yoga and Naturopathy, The School of Yoga and Naturopathic Medicine, S-VYASA University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. Mooventhan A A Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Department of Research and Development, S-VYASA University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

2018 Complementary Therapies In Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

229. Pilates Method Training: Functional and Blood Glucose Responses of Older Women With Type 2 Diabetes. (Abstract)

Pilates Method Training: Functional and Blood Glucose Responses of Older Women With Type 2 Diabetes. Melo, KCB, Araújo, FdS, Cordeiro Júnior, CCM, de Andrade, KTP, and Moreira, SR. Pilates method training: Functional and blood glucose responses of older women with type 2 diabetes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks (wk) of Pilates method on the functional capacity (FC) and glycemic control of older women with type 2 (...) diabetes (T2D). Twenty-two women with T2D were randomized into the control (CONTROL: 67.5 ± 6.3 years; 154.7 ± 6.1 cm; 73.5 ± 6.1 kg) and Pilates groups (PILATES: 65.5 ± 5.5 years; 155.0 ± 4.5 cm; 66.2 ± 5.4 kg), which held sessions of 60 minutes 3× per week during 12 weeks. Blood glucose was measured before and after sessions in PILATES, as well as in moments of pre, rest, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks of the PILATES and CONTROL interventions. The glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) before and after 12 weeks

2018 Journal of Strength And Conditioning Research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

230. Effect of carbohydrate-electrolyte consumption on insulin, cortisol hormones and blood glucose after high-intensity exercise. (Abstract)

Effect of carbohydrate-electrolyte consumption on insulin, cortisol hormones and blood glucose after high-intensity exercise. This study aimed to examine the effect of CHO-E consumption after high-intensity exercise on insulin, cortisol hormones and blood glucose responses, which is important for performance and recovery in athletes.Sixteen volunteers, male athletes, participated into this study. Athletes were divided into two groups as experiment (CHO-E) and placebo (PLA). Blood was taken from

2018 Archives of physiology and biochemistry

231. Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. (Abstract)

Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Consumption of pulses is associated with many health benefits by mechanisms that are not fully understood. This study sought to identify the starch component(s) in cooked lentils responsible for lowering postprandial glycemic response (PPGR). Rapidly digestible (RDS), slowly digestible (SDS (...) . Multiple linear regression of in vitro data resulted in an equation [SHAUCest = 30.9RDS - 63.6RS + 9680] that accounted for 70% of the variance in SHAUC, with SDS excluded due to collinearity. In the human trial all 8 lentils had low GI values (10 to 23). Neither GI nor area under the glucose response curve (AUC) was significantly related to RDS, SDS or RS (minimum p = 0.24). However, SHAUC and SHAUCest, respectively, were related to both GI (r = 0.704, p = 0.051; r = 0.773, p = 0.024) and AUC (r

2018 Food & function Controlled trial quality: uncertain

232. Association between Blood Glucose Levels the Day after Targeted Temperature Initiation and Outcome in Traumatic Brain Injury: A Post-Hoc Analysis of the B-HYPO Study. (Abstract)

Association between Blood Glucose Levels the Day after Targeted Temperature Initiation and Outcome in Traumatic Brain Injury: A Post-Hoc Analysis of the B-HYPO Study. We investigated associations between blood glucose levels and clinical outcomes in participants of the multi-center randomized controlled Brain-Hypothermia (B-HYPO) study. Patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI, Glasgow Coma Scale 4-8) were assigned to therapeutic hypothermia (TH, 32-34°C, n = 98) or fever control (35.5 (...) -37.0°C, n = 50) groups. TH patients were cooled as soon as possible for ≥72 h and rewarmed at a rate of <1°C/d. We recorded blood glucose (BG) levels on days 0, 1, and 3 after treatment initiation, and day 1 after rewarming. The Glasgow Outcome Scale was assessed at 6 months. Median BG levels decreased from day 0 to day 1 (163 vs. 132 mg/dL, p = 0.0062) in the fever control group. In contrast, a decrease was observed from day 1 to day 3 (157.5 vs. 126 mg/dL, p < 0.001) in the TH group. Day 1 BG

2018 Journal of neurotrauma Controlled trial quality: uncertain

233. Effects of linagliptin monotherapy compared with voglibose on postprandial lipid profiles in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: linagliptin study of effects on postprandial blood glucose (L-STEP) sub-study 1. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of linagliptin monotherapy compared with voglibose on postprandial lipid profiles in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: linagliptin study of effects on postprandial blood glucose (L-STEP) sub-study 1. Recently, we reported that linagliptin had equivalent efficacy to voglibose in reducing postprandial blood glucose levels in drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes (L-STEP Study). As a sub-study of the L-STEP Study we examined the effect of linagliptin on postprandial lipids profile (...) to endpoint in the linagliptin group were lower (p < 0.001, p = 0.025 and p < 0.001). 4-h postprandial ApoB48 at endpoint was lower in the linagliptin group (p = 0.007), and positive correlation was detected between change of ApoB48 and changes in both triglyceride (r = 0.67, p < 0.001) and RLP-C (r = 0.73, p < 0.001) at 4 h. This study revealed that in drug-naïve Japanese patients with relatively mild type 2 diabetes mellitus, linagliptin improves not only postprandial blood glucose level but also levels

2018 Endocrine journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

234. Effect of transmucosal corn syrup application on postoperative blood glucose concentrations in kittens. (Abstract)

Effect of transmucosal corn syrup application on postoperative blood glucose concentrations in kittens. Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a common clinical practice, the transmucosal (TM) application of corn syrup, on postoperative blood glucose concentrations in kittens. Methods This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five kittens between the age of 8 and 16 weeks scheduled for surgical sterilization by gonadectomy at an animal shelter (...) were enrolled. Kittens were randomly assigned to either a routine treatment group that received the shelter's typical postoperative application of corn syrup immediately following gonadectomy or to a control group that did not receive typical treatment. Three blood glucose measurements were obtained per kitten: baseline reading prior to preoperative examination, immediately postoperatively and 20 mins postoperatively. The median values of the 20 min postoperative blood glucose reading

2018 Journal of feline medicine and surgery

235. Diet enriched with fresh coconut decreases blood glucose levels and body weight in normal adults. (Abstract)

Diet enriched with fresh coconut decreases blood glucose levels and body weight in normal adults. 29461972 2018 12 11 2018 12 11 1553-3840 15 3 2018 Feb 20 Journal of complementary & integrative medicine J Complement Integr Med Diet enriched with fresh coconut decreases blood glucose levels and body weight in normal adults. 10.1515/jcim-2017-0097 /j/jcim.2018.15.issue-3/jcim-2017-0097/jcim-2017-0097.xml Vijayakumar Venugopal V Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, S-VYASA University, Bengaluru (...) . Anju Sood S S-VYASA University, and MD, Diet and Weight Management Health Centre, Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Bengaluru, India. Manjunath N K NK Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, and Head, Department of Research and Development, S-VYASA University, Bengaluru, Karnataka,India. eng Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial 2018 02 20 Germany J Complement Integr Med 101313855 1553-3840 0 Blood Glucose 0 Insulin 0 Plant Preparations IM Adult Blood Glucose metabolism Body Weight drug effects

2018 Journal of complementary & integrative medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

236. Effects of chocolate-based products intake on blood glucose, insulin and ghrelin levels and on satiety in young people: a cross-over experimental study. (Abstract)

Effects of chocolate-based products intake on blood glucose, insulin and ghrelin levels and on satiety in young people: a cross-over experimental study. This cross-over experimental study aimed to examine the effects of filled chocolate consumption on blood glucose, insulin and ghrelin levels in 20 volunteers. After a one-week run-in period, study participants consumed two chocolate-based products, the tested biscuit or water for 21 days as a morning snack. After a two-week wash-out period (...) , participants consumed another tested food for another 21 days. Each participant consumed all four test foods within an 18-week period. The participants' blood insulin increased slowly after two chocolate-based products intakes on the first day and satiety levels after eating chocolate-based products and the tested biscuit were the same. Chocolate consumption for three weeks had no adverse effects on blood glucose, insulin or ghrelin levels. In conclusion, compared to eating the tested biscuit, 21-day

2018 International journal of food sciences and nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

237. Contribution of Structured Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose to the Glycemic Control and the Quality of Life in Both Insulin- and Noninsulin-Treated Patients with Poorly Controlled Diabetes. (Abstract)

Contribution of Structured Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose to the Glycemic Control and the Quality of Life in Both Insulin- and Noninsulin-Treated Patients with Poorly Controlled Diabetes. The rate of glycemic control among diabetes patients in China is currently low. The current study aims at determining the effect of structured self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) on blood glucose control as well as quality of life (QoL) in Chinese diabetes patients.In a 24-week, single-center, randomized

2018 Diabetes technology & therapeutics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

238. [The effect of nutrition intervention on the body composition and blood glucose in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with overweight and obesity]. (Abstract)

[The effect of nutrition intervention on the body composition and blood glucose in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with overweight and obesity]. Objective: To study the effect of nutrition intervention on the body composition and blood glucose in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with overweight and obesity. Methods: A total of 84 newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with overweight and obesity (...) . After 3-month intervention, blood glucose, body composition and dietary status were examined again. Relevant indicators of patients were compared before and after the intervention. All patients were divided into three groups according to the degree of body mass index (BMI)'s change: <5%, 5%-10% and >10%. The differences of body weight, muscle, body fat rate, visceral fat index and blood glucose level among three groups were quantified. Results: There were 53 male patients with age (41.5±8.9) years

2018 Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]

239. Nebulized salbutamol diminish the blood glucose fluctuation in the treatment of non-oliguric hyperkalemia of premature infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-oliguric hyperkalemia in premature infants.Forty premature infants (gestation age ≤36 weeks) with non-oliguric hyperkalemia (central serum potassium level greater than 6.0 mmol/L) within 72 h of birth were enrolled in this study. These infants were randomly assigned into two groups. One group received a regular insulin bolus with glucose infusion (Group A; n = 20), and the other received salbutamol (Ventolin®) by nebulization (Group B; n = 20). Potassium level, blood sugar, heart rate, and blood (...) Nebulized salbutamol diminish the blood glucose fluctuation in the treatment of non-oliguric hyperkalemia of premature infants. Hyperkalemia is a risky and potentially life-threatening condition in pre-term infants. Glucose-insulin infusion has been considered a major therapeutic way for non-oligouric hyperkalemia but affects the stability of blood sugar level. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of salbutamol nebulization compared to glucose-insulin infusion for the treatment of non

2018 Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

240. Acute blood glucose, cardiovascular and exaggerated responses to HIIT and moderate-intensity continuous training in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus. (Abstract)

Acute blood glucose, cardiovascular and exaggerated responses to HIIT and moderate-intensity continuous training in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Optimizing exercise-induced physiological responses without increasing the risk of negative exaggerated responses is an important aspect of exercise prescription for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, knowledge of acute responses, including exaggerated responses, of different training modalities is limited. The aim of the study (...) -minute bouts at 95% eWLmax interspersed with 1-minute bouts at 40% eWLmax.While energy expenditure and peak systolic and diastolic blood pressure responses were similar between groups (P=0.47, P=0.71, P=0.56, respectively), peak heart rate, workload and perceived exertion were higher in the HIIT group (P=0.04, P<0.001, and P<0.001, respectively). Acute exaggerated responses were similar (P=0.39) for MICT (64%) and HIIT (36%) participants.While structured MICT and HIIT sessions resulted in comparable

2018 The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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