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Self Skin Exam

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141. Skin autofluorescence predicts incident type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and mortality in the general population. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Skin autofluorescence predicts incident type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and mortality in the general population. Earlier studies have shown that skin autofluorescence measured with an AGE reader estimates the accumulation of AGEs in the skin, which increases with ageing and is associated with the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we examined whether the measurement of skin autofluorescence can predict 4 year risk of incident type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular (...) disease (CVD) and mortality in the general population.For this prospective analysis, we included 72,880 participants of the Dutch Lifelines Cohort Study, who underwent baseline investigations between 2007 and 2013, had validated baseline skin autofluorescence values available and were not known to have diabetes or CVD. Individuals were diagnosed with incident type 2 diabetes by self-report or by a fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/l or HbA1c ≥48 mmol/mol (≥6.5%) at follow-up. Participants were diagnosed

2018 Diabetologia

142. Consumer Acceptance and Expectations of a Mobile Health Application to Photograph Skin Lesions for Early Detection of Melanoma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Consumer Acceptance and Expectations of a Mobile Health Application to Photograph Skin Lesions for Early Detection of Melanoma. Mobile teledermoscopy may facilitate skin self-examinations (SSEs) and further improve monitoring and detection of melanoma.To assess consumer acceptability and expectations of a mobile health app used to: (i) instruct SSE and (ii) conduct consumer-performed mobile teledermoscopy.People aged 18 years and above were invited to participate in either (i) an online survey (...) males in the focus groups (61%, 17/28) compared to the online survey (19%, 17/88). Regular SSEs were conducted by 56 (64%) of the online survey participants. Barriers to SSE were forgetfulness (44%), low self-perceived risk of melanoma (25%) and low confidence in conducting SSEs (25%). The large majority of online survey participants (95%) would consider sending photos of their skin lesions to a medical practitioner via an app. Focus group participants reported that they would accept using mobile

2018 Dermatology

143. Fat intake and risk of skin cancer in US adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fat intake and risk of skin cancer in US adults. Background: Fat intake has been associated with certain cancers, including colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers. However, literature on dietary fat and skin cancer has been limited.Methods: We examined the association between fat intake and risk of skin cancer including cutaneous malignant melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) within two prospective studies: the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and the Health (...) Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). Dietary information on total, saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega-6, and omega-3 fat and cholesterol was repeatedly assessed generally every 4 years. Incident cases were identified by self-report. Diagnosis on melanoma and SCC was confirmed by pathologic records.Results: A total of 794 melanoma, 2,223 SCC, and 17,556 BCC in the NHS (1984-2012) and 736 melanoma, 1,756 SCC, and 13,092 BCC in the HPFS (1986-2012) were documented. Higher polyunsaturated fat

2018 Cancer Epidemiology & Biomarkers and Prevention

144. Prevalence and Correlates of Skin Cancer Screening Among Indoor Tanners and Nontanners. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence and Correlates of Skin Cancer Screening Among Indoor Tanners and Nontanners. The US Food and Drug Administration recommends that indoor tanners (ITs) be screened regularly for skin cancer (SC).To investigate the association between indoor tanning and SC screening.The 2015 National Health Interview Survey was a multistage, clustered, cross-sectional design with 30 352 US adults participating. The response rate for the sample adult data used in this study was 55.20% after excluding (...) 1099 individuals who reported a history of SC and 2221 individuals with unknown SC screening or indoor tanning history. To examine the independent correlates of screening, we conducted multiple logistic regressions separately for ITs and nontanners (NTs), simultaneously including all preselected variables of interest as potential predictors. Formal interaction analyses were also performed to determine if the covariate effects differed significantly between ITs and NTs.Indoor tanning as well

2018 JAMA dermatology (Chicago, Ill.)

145. A skin cancer prevention photoageing intervention for secondary schools in Brazil delivered by medical students: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. The primary end point is the group difference in the 30-day prevalence of daily sunscreen use at a 6-month follow-up. Secondary end points include (1) the difference in daily sunscreen use at a 3-month follow-up, (2) if a self-skin examination in accordance with the ABCDE rule was performed within the 6-month follow-up and (3) the number of tanning sessions.Ethical approval was obtained from the ethics committee of the University of Itauna. Results will be disseminated at conferences and in peer-reviewed (...) A skin cancer prevention photoageing intervention for secondary schools in Brazil delivered by medical students: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. The incidence of melanoma is increasing faster than any other major cancer both in Brazil and worldwide. The Southeast of Brazil has especially high incidences of melanoma, and early detection is low. Exposure to UV radiation represents a primary risk factor for developing melanoma. Increasing attractiveness is a major motivation

2018 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

146. Innovative organotypic in vitro models for safety assessment: aligning with regulatory requirements and understanding models of the heart, skin, and liver as paradigms Full Text available with Trip Pro

from simpler, self-organized three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures up to more advanced scaffold-based co-cultures consisting of multiple cell types. This review provides an overview of recent developments in the field of toxicity testing with in vitro models for three major organ types: heart, skin, and liver. This review also examines regulatory aspects of such models in Europe and the UK, and summarizes best practices to facilitate the acceptance and appropriate use of advanced in vitro models. (...) Innovative organotypic in vitro models for safety assessment: aligning with regulatory requirements and understanding models of the heart, skin, and liver as paradigms The development of improved, innovative models for the detection of toxicity of drugs, chemicals, or chemicals in cosmetics is crucial to efficiently bring new products safely to market in a cost-effective and timely manner. In addition, improvement in models to detect toxicity may reduce the incidence of unexpected post

2018 Archives of toxicology

147. Physician-diagnosed eczema is an independent risk factor for incident mouse skin test sensitization in adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

workers at a mouse production and research facility.New employees at The Jackson Laboratory enrolled in a cohort study and underwent skin-prick testing (SPT) at baseline and every 6 months to mouse and to a panel of aeroallergens (net wheal ≥3 mm indicated a positive SPT result). Mouse allergen exposure was measured every 6 months by using personal air monitors. Physician-diagnosed eczema was defined as self-reported physician-diagnosed eczema. Cox proportional hazard modeling was used to examine (...) Physician-diagnosed eczema is an independent risk factor for incident mouse skin test sensitization in adults. The disrupted skin barrier in eczema has been associated with an increased risk of immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization in childhood. However, it is unclear whether eczema, independent of atopy, is a risk factor for the development of allergic sensitization in adulthood.To determine if skin barrier dysfunction, independent of atopy, is a risk factor for incident sensitization in adult

2018 Allergy and Asthma Proceedings

148. Acne Scarring in Skin of Color: Laser vs Microneedling

Acne Scarring in Skin of Color: Laser vs Microneedling Acne Scarring in Skin of Color: Laser vs Microneedling - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Acne Scarring in Skin of Color: Laser vs (...) provided by (Responsible Party): Boston University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Atrophic acne scars are a common and important sequelae of acne that affect up to 43-55% of patients with acne. Scarring impacts quality of life with reports of diminished self-esteem and frustration/sadness; additionally, some individuals report that their appearance even interferes with their professional lives. Though many treatments for acne scarring exist including ablative and nonablative

2018 Clinical Trials

149. Tales of Survival: Physical Exam

Tales of Survival: Physical Exam Tales of Survival: Physical Exam – Clinical Correlations Search Tales of Survival: Physical Exam July 15, 2011 6 min read By John Hwang General Patient is a demented, chronically ill elderly male lying in bed attached to a ventilator, appearing anything but his stated age. Contracted in a fetal position, huddled under the bed sheet with only his bald head and wrinkled skin showing, he alternately resembles a centenarian or a newborn child—someone very much (...) at the brink of life. Mental Status Exam Patient awake and alert, but severely cognitively impaired. Completely nonverbal and does not repeat or respond to commands. He looks observers in the eye, but he does not recognize faces and generally remains expressionless. On occasion, though, he spontaneously breaks into a beaming, ear-to-ear toothless smile that always surprises me, and at which I cannot help but sheepishly smile back. The entire room seems to light up, if only briefly, and even the doctors

2011 Clinical Correlations

150. Prevention of skin cancer

5.1.3. Performance of skin cancer screening 119 5.1.4. Screening of at-risk persons 123 5.1.5. Examination intervals 124 5.1.6. What negative consequences can be associated with which screening? 125 5.2. Screening test / presumptive diagnostic procedures 128 5.2.1. Introduction 128 5.2.2. Screening test 129 5.2.3. Previous history and self-examination 132 5.2.4. Presumptive diagnostic procedures 133 5.3. Confirmatory diagnostic procedures 142 5.3.1. Confirmatory diagnostic methods 142 5.3.2. Conduct (...) in Northern Germany SCS Skin cancer screening SHH-Gen Sonic hedgehog SHI Statutory health insurance SIGN Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network SMO Smoothened protein SPF Sun protection factor SSE Skin self-examination SSK Radiation Protection Commission SSM Superficial spreading melanoma TNM classification Staging of malignant tumours (tumour, lymph nodes (nodes), metastases) UICC International Union Against Cancer UNEP United Nations Environment Programme UPF Ultraviolet protection factor URS

2014 German Guideline Program in Oncology

151. Reliability of skin-type self-assessment: agreement of adolescents' repeated Fitzpatrick skin phototype classification ratings during a cohort study. (Abstract)

Reliability of skin-type self-assessment: agreement of adolescents' repeated Fitzpatrick skin phototype classification ratings during a cohort study. The Fitzpatrick Skin Phototype Classification (FSPC) is the most commonly used measure of skin type. In questionnaire-based surveys, self-rated FSPC is often used as a measure of respondents' skin type.The objective of this analysis was to assess test-retest reliability of the self-rated FSPC within a 12-month cohort study that examined (...) the psychological sequelae of acne.Participants were students aged 14-17 years in four Australian secondary schools; two-government system schools and two private schools. The primary outcomes were a number of psychological measures. The FSPC was assessed by a single concise questionnaire item. Test-retest agreement (as measured by quadratic weighted kappa) of participants' self-rated FSPC at three time-points (baseline, 6 and 12 months) was calculated.Of the 244 participating students, 209 students (86

2012 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

152. The effectiveness of beauty care on self-rated health among community-dwelling older people. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effectiveness of beauty care on self-rated health among community-dwelling older people. The maintenance and improvement of self-rated health is important for prolonging healthy life expectancy in a well-aged society. In the present study, we examined the effectiveness of beauty care on self-rated health among community-dwelling older people through a quasi- randomized controlled trial by propensity score matching (PSM).One hundred twelve community-dwelling older people who were recruited (...) from the local community, participated in a beauty care program that consisted of two training sessions per month for 3 months and daily enforcement of facial skin care (intervention group). Seven hundred fifty-nine participants who received a comprehensive geriatric assessment were treated as a control group. Sex, age, BMI, lifestyle habits, hand grip strength, walking speed, skeletal muscle mass, bone density, medical history and life function (Kihon Checklist) were matched by the PSM method. We

2018 Nihon Ronen Igakkai zasshi. Japanese journal of geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

153. Oral Nutraceutical Supplement With Standardized Botanicals in Males With Self-Perceived Thinning Hair and Loss

Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Males between 21-45 years of age, inclusive Have self-reported thinning or hair loss for more than 3 months prior to screening Clinically confirmed to have hair loss or thinning by the investigator via physical exam, including subjects with male pattern hair loss with frontal and vertex patterns II, IIIv or IV using the Norwood Hamilton Hair Loss Scale (NHS). In good general health, as determined by the Investigator Willing and able to attend all study visits Willing (...) Oral Nutraceutical Supplement With Standardized Botanicals in Males With Self-Perceived Thinning Hair and Loss Oral Nutraceutical Supplement With Standardized Botanicals in Males With Self-Perceived Thinning Hair and Loss - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2018 Clinical Trials

154. Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) and Self-Estimated Sun Sensitivity Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) and Self-Estimated Sun Sensitivity The incidence of skin cancer is increasing worldwide, mostly because of increasing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) questionnaire, developed in Linköping and validated in Sweden and Australia, is used to map sun habits, sun protection behaviour, and readiness to increase sun protection. We sought to examine differences in sun habits or sun protection (...) behaviour and propensity to increase sun protection, based on SEPI as related to self-estimated skin UV sensitivity according to the Fitzpatrick classification. The study population comprised students at Linköping University, who were asked to complete the SEPI questionnaire. We examined differences in sun habits and sun protection behaviour according to skin type and gender. Individuals with lower UV sensitivity had significantly riskier sun habits and sun protection behaviour and were significantly

2018 The journal of primary prevention

155. Self-injury in schizophrenia as predisposing factor for otomycosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Self-injury in schizophrenia as predisposing factor for otomycosis Ear self-mutilation have been reported in schizophrenia, Mechanical damages to the auditory canal, like cleaning ear with hard and unsterile objects are predisposing factors of otomycosis. We present a case of repeated self-induced auricular trauma in schizophrenic patient. Aural swab were collected and examined by direct microscopy and culture, revealing Aspergillus flavus. A traumatized external ear canal skin can present

2018 Medical mycology case reports

156. Novel mutations in Darier disease and association to self-reported disease severity. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Novel mutations in Darier disease and association to self-reported disease severity. Darier disease is a rare and severe autosomal dominant skin disease characterised by malodorous keratotic papules in seborrheic areas of the skin. Darier disease affects up to 1 in 30 000 people and is caused by mutations in the ATP2A2 gene, which encodes to the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase isoform 2 that pumps calcium into the endoplasmic reticulum. Although many ATP2A2 variants have been (...) , three frameshifts, two in-frame deletions, four nonsense and one synonymous mutations. This study also found ten patients who harbour more than one ATP2A2 variant. The phenotype of the patient cohort was assessed by photography and by patient questionnaires. The genotype-phenotype association was examined for all variants in relation to the patient's disease severity score, and no correlation could be established.

2017 PLoS ONE

157. Identifying Objective Physiological Markers and Modifiable Behaviors for Self-Reported Stress and Mental Health Status Using Wearable Sensors and Mobile Phones: Observational Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

phones, together with methods that improve their data integrity. The aim of this study was to examine, using machine learning, how accurately these measures could identify conditions of self-reported high stress and poor mental health and which of the underlying modalities and measures were most accurate in identifying those conditions.We designed and conducted the 1-month SNAPSHOT study that investigated how daily behaviors and social networks influence self-reported stress, mood, and other health (...) factors associated with self-reported poststudy stress and mental health, including behaviors that can be possibly modified by the individual to improve these measures.We identified the physiological sensor, phone, mobility, and modifiable behavior features that were best predictors for stress and mental health classification. In general, wearable sensor features showed better classification performance than mobile phone or modifiable behavior features. Wearable sensor features, including skin

2018 Journal of medical Internet research

158. Screening for skin cancer in bank and insurance employees: risk profile and correlation of self and physician's assessment. (Abstract)

risk. Twenty-seven employees (3.7%) with suspicious lesions were transferred to the clinics for further evaluation.Screening for skin cancer in a working population reveals low numbers of suspicious lesions. The focus of mass screenings should be on education and teaching of self-examinations.© 2014 The International Society of Dermatology. (...) Screening for skin cancer in bank and insurance employees: risk profile and correlation of self and physician's assessment. Self-assessment and knowledge of individual risk factors can be a reasonable strategy to detect cutaneous malignancies in an early curable stage.Bank and insurance employees were voluntarily screened for skin cancer. They had to fill in a questionnaire asking for their skin and hair color, ultraviolet exposure and tanning ability, number and size of typical and atypical

2014 International Journal of Dermatology

159. A survey of self-reported skin disease in the elderly African-American population. (Abstract)

/pruritus (40.6%), moles (27.7%), hair loss (25.7%), skin discoloration (20.8%), and wrinkles (15.8%). Overall, 40.6% of participants reported concern about skin cancer, and 75.2% reported examining their skin regularly. However, 34.7% did not believe that people with darker skin types should be concerned about skin cancer.This study provides an important overview of the most common self-reported skin conditions in elderly African-Americans. Substantial age-related differences in the frequencies of skin (...) A survey of self-reported skin disease in the elderly African-American population. In the USA, the geriatric population, almost 12% of which will be comprised of African-Americans, is expected to exceed 88 million by 2050. Data on dermatologic conditions in elderly African-Americans are deficient.This study aimed to identify prevalences of self-reported skin disease and skin-related concerns in elderly African-Americans, and to assess participants' perceptions of skin disease and awareness

2014 International Journal of Dermatology

160. On Modality Effects in Bilingual Emotional Language Processing: Evidence from Galvanic Skin Response Full Text available with Trip Pro

On Modality Effects in Bilingual Emotional Language Processing: Evidence from Galvanic Skin Response Though previous research has shown a decreased sensitivity to emotionally-laden linguistic stimuli presented in the non-native (L2) compared to the native language (L1), studies conducted thus far have not examined how different modalities influence bilingual emotional language processing. The present experiment was therefore aimed at investigating how late proficient Polish (L1)-English (L2 (...) ) bilinguals process emotionally-laden narratives presented in L1 and L2, in the visual and auditory modality. To this aim, we employed the galvanic skin response (GSR) method and a self-report measure (Polish adaptation of the PANAS questionnaire). The GSR findings showed a reduced galvanic skin response to L2 relative to L1, thus suggesting a decreased reactivity to emotional stimuli in L2. Additionally, we observed a more pronounced skin conductance level to visual than auditory stimuli, yet only in L1

2017 Journal of psycholinguistic research

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