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Secondary Gain

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1. Association between consistent weight gain tracking and gestational weight gain: Secondary analysis of a randomized trial. (PubMed)

Association between consistent weight gain tracking and gestational weight gain: Secondary analysis of a randomized trial. The effective components of interventions for reducing excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) remain to be identified. This study investigated the sociodemographic, physical, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of online GWG tracking and its independent association with GWG outcomes.Eight hundred ninety-eight women in the intervention arms of a randomized trial (...) assessing the effectiveness of an integrated online and mobile phone behavioral intervention to decrease the prevalence of excessive GWG were included in this secondary analysis. Data were analyzed using χ2 analysis and modified Poisson and linear regression approaches.Only 16.5% of low-income (Medicaid-eligible) women consistently tracked GWG, as did 34.2% of not-low-income women. More highly educated, older, and white women were more likely to be consistent GWG trackers. Among not-low-income women

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2017 Obesity

2. Knee extensor strength gains mediate symptom improvement in knee osteoarthritis: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Knee extensor strength gains mediate symptom improvement in knee osteoarthritis: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial. To determine if an increase in knee extensor strength mediates the effect of a 12-week knee extensor strength training program on pain and physical function improvement in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA).Secondary analysis from a randomised controlled trial comparing the effects of a 12-week knee extensor strengthening exercise program to a control group

2018 Osteoarthritis and Cartilage

3. Diet Quality in a Weight Gain Prevention Trial of Reproductive Aged Women: A Secondary Analysis of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Diet Quality in a Weight Gain Prevention Trial of Reproductive Aged Women: A Secondary Analysis of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Reproductive-aged women are at high risk for obesity development. Limited research exploring weight gain prevention initiatives and associated modifiable risk factors, including diet quality exists. In a secondary analysis of a 12 month, cluster randomized controlled trial for weight gain prevention in reproductive-aged women, we evaluated change in diet (...) in diet quality score over time β -0.66 (95%CI -1.2, -0.12) p = 0.02. The percentage of energy from protein (%) 0.009 (95%CI 0.002, 0.15) p = 0.01 and glycemic index -1.2 (95%CI -2.1, -0.24) p = 0.02 were also improved following the intervention, compared to the control group. Overall, a low-intensity lifestyle intervention effectively improves diet quality, with associated weight gain preventions, in women of reproductive age.

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2018 Nutrients

4. Does Usage of an eHealth Intervention Reduce the Risk of Excessive Gestational Weight Gain? Secondary Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Does Usage of an eHealth Intervention Reduce the Risk of Excessive Gestational Weight Gain? Secondary Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) contributes to the development of obesity in mother and child. Internet-based interventions have the potential for delivering innovative and interactive options for prevention of excessive GWG to large numbers of people.The objective of this study was to create a novel measure of Internet-based intervention (...) usage patterns and examine whether usage of an Internet-based intervention is associated with reduced risk of excessive GWG.The website featured blogs, local resources, articles, frequently asked questions (FAQs), and events that were available to women in both the intervention and control arm. Weekly reminders to use the website and to highlight new content were emailed to participants in both arms. Only intervention arm participants had access to the weight gain tracker and diet and physical

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2017 Journal of medical Internet research

5. Induced vomiting for attention seeking and secondary gain: An unusual cause of pseudo-resistant hypertension (PubMed)

Induced vomiting for attention seeking and secondary gain: An unusual cause of pseudo-resistant hypertension In patients with complex psychosocial history presenting with resistant hypertension, observed therapy should be implemented early on to avoid unnecessary investigations and delayed diagnosis.

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2017 JRSM open

6. Supporting people in social housing gain and maintain employment

having been moved out of inner city concentrations of poverty and 14 SUPPORTING PEOPLE IN SOCIAL HOUSING GAIN AND MAINTAIN EMPLOYMENT | SAX INSTITUTE into more affluent suburban areas, had higher employment rates, and their children were more likely to remain in school, secure employment and had higher earnings. Also in the US, Wiseman and Riccio 2 undertook a secondary analysis intended to identify evidence on which aspects of programs designed to improve employment outcomes for recipients (...) Supporting people in social housing gain and maintain employment Supporting people in social housing gain and maintain employment An Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute for NSW Family and Community Services. March 2018. An Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute for NSW Family and Community Services. March 2018. This report was prepared by: Chris Leishman, Andreas Cebulla and Kirstie Petrou. March 2018 © Sax Institute 2018 This work is copyright. It may

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

7. Secondary Gain

Secondary Gain Secondary Gain Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Secondary Gain Secondary Gain Aka: Secondary Gain (...) , Malingering , Factitious Disorder From Related Chapters II. Definitions Factitious Disorder Adoption of physical symptoms for unconscious internal gain Malingering Purposeful feigning of physical symptoms for external gain III. Differential Diagnosis Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Secondary Gain." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database

2018 FP Notebook

8. Outcomes Associated with Weight Gain During Pregnancy: A Rapid Review

). ? Five case-control studies examined GWG as a continuous variable and pooled results indicate that women with LBW infants had a significantly lower GWG (unadjusted WMD -1.93kg; 95% CI -3.34 to - 0.51kg) compared to women without a LBW infant. ? For those studies that did not stratify by pre-pregnancy BMI overall results were similar in a secondary analysis using weight gain ranges for normal weight or overweight women as a reference group. Relative risks of LBW ( 10 studies. ? Some studies did (...) . ? The unadjusted pooled OR for LGA was similar to the pooled AOR. Secondary outcomes: Macrosomia (>4000g or >4500g) (3 studies – 1 moderate and 2 low quality) ? Obese women who gained below recommended weight during pregnancy had lower odds (AOR 0.64; 95% CI 0.54 to 0.77; I 2 = 0%, p=0.70) of delivering a macrosomic infant than obese woman who gained within the guidelines. Gestational hypertension (2 studies – 1 moderate and 1 low quality) ? Obese women who gained below recommended weight during 63 pregnancy

2018 Peel Health Library

9. A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain

A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain Discover Portal Discover Portal A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain Published on 13 February 2018 doi: The Healthy Lifestyle Programme delivered to 9-10-year-old school children did not reduce their weight over the course of two years. Around a third remained overweight (...) ) standard deviation score (SDS) at 24 months post baseline measures (12 months post intervention). The secondary outcomes comprised waist circumference SDS, percentage body fat SDS, proportion of children overweight and obese at 18 and 24 months, accelerometer-assessed physical activity and food intake at 18 months, and cost-effectiveness. Results We recruited 32 schools and 1324 children. We had a rate of 94% follow-up for the primary outcome. No difference in BMI SDS was found at 24 months [mean

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

10. Polyunsaturated fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. (PubMed)

Polyunsaturated fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Evidence on the health effects of total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is equivocal. Fish oils are rich in omega-3 PUFA and plant oils in omega-6 PUFA. Evidence suggests that increasing PUFA-rich foods, supplements or supplemented foods can reduce serum cholesterol, but may increase body weight, so overall cardiovascular effects are unclear.To assess effects of increasing total PUFA intake (...) (MD -0.12 mmol/L, 95% CI -0.20 to -0.04, 20 trials, 3905 participants), but has little or no effect on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (MD -0.01 mmol/L, 95% CI -0.02 to 0.01, 18 trials, 4674 participants) or low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (MD -0.01 mmol/L, 95% CI -0.09 to 0.06, 15 trials, 3362 participants). Increasing PUFA probably causes slight weight gain (MD 0.76 kg, 95% CI 0.34 to 1.19, 12 trials, 7100 participants).Effects of increasing PUFA on serious adverse events such as pulmonary embolism

2018 Cochrane

11. Rapid 5 lb weight gain is not associated with readmission in patients with heart failure. (PubMed)

Rapid 5 lb weight gain is not associated with readmission in patients with heart failure. Heart failure (HF) patients are taught to identify a rapid 5 lb body-weight gain for early detection of cardiac decompensation. Few data support this common advice. The study aim was to determine whether a 5 lb weight gain in 1 week and signs and symptoms of HF increased risk for unplanned physician or emergency department (ED) visits or hospital admission in rural HF patients.This was a secondary (...) analysis of a randomized trial. Patients tracked body weight and HF symptoms using diaries. We included patients adherent to daily diaries >50% over 24 months (N = 119). Mean age was 69 ± 11 years; 77% (65) were male, and 67% completed diaries. A weight gain of 5 lb over 7 days was associated with a greater risk for ED visits but not hospital admission [hazard ratio (HR) 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04, 1.08; P < 0.0001 vs. HR 1.01, 95% CI 0.88, 1.16; P = 0.79]. Increased dyspnoea over 7 days

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2019 ESC heart failure

12. Small class sizes for improving student achievement in primary and secondary schools: a systematic review

this conclusion up (Finn, Gerber, Achilles, & Boyd-Zaharias, 2001; Smith, Molnar, & Zahorik, 2003). Of course, there is still the possibility that smaller classes may also be advantageous at later strategic points of transition, for example, in the first year of secondary education. Research evidence on this possibility is, however, needed. For intensity, the question is: how small does a class have to be in order to optimize the advantage? For example, large gains are attainable when class size is below 20 (...) Small class sizes for improving student achievement in primary and secondary schools: a systematic review A Campbell Systematic Review 2018:10 Education Coordinating Group Trine Filges, Christoffer Scavenius Sonne-Schmidt, Bjørn Christian Viinholt Nielsen Small class sizes for improving student achievement in primary and secondary schools: a systematic review Published: October 2018 Search executed: February 2017The Campbell Library comprises: • Systematic reviews (titles, protocols and reviews

2018 Campbell Collaboration

13. ?No Excuses? charter schools for increasing math and literacy achievement in primary and secondary education

?No Excuses? charter schools for increasing math and literacy achievement in primary and secondary education A Campbell Systematic Review 2017:9 Education Coordinating Group Sarah Krowka, Alexandria Hadd, and Robert Marx “No Excuses” Charter Schools for Increasing Math and Literacy Achievement in Primary and Secondary Education Published: August 2017 Search executed: June 2016The Campbell Library comprises: • Systematic reviews (titles, protocols and reviews) • Policies and Guidelines Series (...) • Methods Series Go to the library to download these resources, at: www.campbellcollaboration.org/library/ Better evidence for a better worldColophon Title “No Excuses” charter schools for increasing math and literacy achievement in primary and secondary education: a systematic review Institution The Campbell Collaboration Authors Krowka, Sarah Hadd, Alexandria Marx, Robert DOI 10.4073/csr.2017.9 No. of Pages 67 Last updated 24 August 2017 Citation Krowka S. K., Hadd A. R., Marx R. A., “No Excuses

2017 Campbell Collaboration

14. A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain

A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain Discover Portal Discover Portal A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain Published on 13 February 2018 doi: The Healthy Lifestyle Programme delivered to 9-10-year-old school children did not reduce their weight over the course of two years. Around a third remained overweight (...) ) standard deviation score (SDS) at 24 months post baseline measures (12 months post intervention). The secondary outcomes comprised waist circumference SDS, percentage body fat SDS, proportion of children overweight and obese at 18 and 24 months, accelerometer-assessed physical activity and food intake at 18 months, and cost-effectiveness. Results We recruited 32 schools and 1324 children. We had a rate of 94% follow-up for the primary outcome. No difference in BMI SDS was found at 24 months [mean

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

15. Non-medical Prescription Stimulant Use among Post-secondary Students

-secondary institutions to gain information about the nature of substance use on Canadian campuses. By better understanding the surrounding issues and factors contributing to non-medical prescription stimulants use, people who work in harm-reduction will be better equipped to identify at-risk student populations and develop prevention programs that are grounded in evidence. This summary is intended for a broad audience, including those working with post-secondary students, healthcare professionals (...) Non-medical Prescription Stimulant Use among Post-secondary Students www.ccsa.ca • www.ccdus.ca April 2018 Topic Summary Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction • Centre canadien sur les dépendances et l’usage de substances Page 1 Non-medical Prescription Stimulant Use among Post-secondary Students Introduction A stimulant is a type of substance that increases brain activity. There are many forms of stimulants, such as caffeine, nicotine, methamphetamine or cocaine. Prescription

2018 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

16. Health Literacy and Cardiovascular Disease: Fundamental Relevance to Primary and Secondary Prevention: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Health Literacy and Cardiovascular Disease: Fundamental Relevance to Primary and Secondary Prevention: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Health Literacy and Cardiovascular Disease: Fundamental Relevance to Primary and Secondary Prevention: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 February 2019 February (...) 2019 February 2019 February 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Health Literacy and Cardiovascular Disease: Fundamental Relevance to Primary and Secondary Prevention: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association , MD, MSc, FAHA, Chair , PhD, MS, FAHA , MD, MPH , MD, MPH, FAHA , PhD, RN, FAHA , MD

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2018 American Heart Association

17. Management of specific situations in polycythaemia vera and secondary erythrocytosis

Management of specific situations in polycythaemia vera and secondary erythrocytosis A guideline for the management of specific situations in polycythaemia vera and secondary erythrocytosis - McMullin - 2019 - British Journal of Haematology - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Guideline (...) Open Access A guideline for the management of specific situations in polycythaemia vera and secondary erythrocytosis A British Society for Haematology Guideline Centre for Medical Education, Queen's University, Belfast, UK MRC Molecular Haematology Unit, MRC Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Castle Hill Hospital, Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, UK Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK The Royal

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2018 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

18. Elective hospital admissions: secondary data analysis and modelling with an emphasis on policies to moderate growth

Elective hospital admissions: secondary data analysis and modelling with an emphasis on policies to moderate growth Elective hospital admissions: secondary data analysis and modelling with an emphasis on policies to moderate growth Elective hospital admissions: secondary data analysis and modelling with an emphasis on policies to moderate growth Chalkley M, McCormick B, Anderson R, Aragon M J, Nessa N, Nicodemo C, Redding S & Wittenberg R Record Status This is a bibliographic record (...) of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Chalkley M, McCormick B, Anderson R, Aragon M J, Nessa N, Nicodemo C, Redding S & Wittenberg R. Elective hospital admissions: secondary data analysis and modelling with an emphasis on policies to moderate growth. Health Services and Delivery Research 2017; 5(7) Authors' objectives The English NHS faces financial pressures that may render the growth

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

19. Recommendations for prevention of weight gain and use of behavioural and pharmacologic interventions to manage overweight and obesity in adults in primary care

Recommendations for prevention of weight gain and use of behavioural and pharmacologic interventions to manage overweight and obesity in adults in primary care Guidelines CMAJ ©2015 8872147 Canada Inc. or its licensors CMAJ 1 T he prevalence of obesity in adults has increased worldwide and has almost dou- bled in Canada, from 14% in 1978/79 1 to 26% in 2009–2011, 2 with 2% of men and 5% of women having a body mass index (BMI) score greater than 40 (Appendix 1, available at www .cmaj.ca/lookup (...) /suppl/doi :10.1503/cmaj .140887 /-/DC1). 3 Over two-thirds of Canadian men (67%) and more than half of Canadian women (54%) are overweight or obese, based on measured weight. 2–4 Excess weight is a well-recognized risk factor for several common chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 dia- betes, osteoarthritis and back pain. 5 About two-thirds of adults who are overweight or obese were in the healthy weight range as adolescents, but gained weight in adulthood (about 0.5

2015 CPG Infobase

20. Weight Control Program and Gestational Weight Gain in Disadvantaged Women with Overweight or Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial

, and secondary outcomes included both weekly and total GWG.Compared with the standard PAT group in the intent-to-treat analysis, the PAT + group gained less weekly (0.4 kg vs. 0.5 kg/wk; P = 0.04) and total (8.0 kg vs. 9.6 kg; P = 0.02) weight during gestation. Fewer participants in the PAT + group had excessive total GWG (36.1% vs. 45.9%), but the difference between groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.11).PAT + reduced the weekly and total GWG in SED African American women with overweight (...) Weight Control Program and Gestational Weight Gain in Disadvantaged Women with Overweight or Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a home-based lifestyle intervention delivered through Parents as Teachers (PAT) to reduce excessive gestational weight gain (GWG).This was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial conducted as part of the LIFE-Moms consortium at a single university-based tertiary care institution from October 2012 to March 2016

2018 EvidenceUpdates

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