How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

64,306 results for

Screening Bias

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

61. Cytology versus HPV testing for cervical cancer screening in the general population. (PubMed)

Cytology versus HPV testing for cervical cancer screening in the general population. Cervical cancer screening has traditionally been based on cervical cytology. Given the aetiological relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical carcinogenesis, HPV testing has been proposed as an alternative screening test.To determine the diagnostic accuracy of HPV testing for detecting histologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (CIN) of grade 2 or worse (CIN 2 (...) +), including adenocarcinoma in situ, in women participating in primary cervical cancer screening; and how it compares to the accuracy of cytological testing (liquid-based and conventional) at various thresholds.We performed a systematic literature search of articles in MEDLINE and Embase (1992 to November 2015) containing quantitative data and handsearched the reference lists of retrieved articles.We included comparative test accuracy studies if all women received both HPV testing and cervical cytology

2017 Cochrane

62. Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions. (PubMed)

to September 2008.We included published randomized controlled trials comparing decision aids to usual care and/or alternative interventions. For this update, we excluded studies comparing detailed versus simple decision aids.Two reviewers independently screened citations for inclusion, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. Primary outcomes, based on the International Patient Decision Aid Standards (IPDAS), were attributes related to the choice made and the decision-making process.Secondary outcomes (...) Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions. Decision aids are interventions that support patients by making their decisions explicit, providing information about options and associated benefits/harms, and helping clarify congruence between decisions and personal values.To assess the effects of decision aids in people facing treatment or screening decisions.Updated search (2012 to April 2015) in CENTRAL; MEDLINE; Embase; PsycINFO; and grey literature; includes CINAHL

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Cochrane

63. Screen-based activities and children and young people’s mental health and psychosocial wellbeing: a systematic map of reviews

quality. When exploring risk of bias within individual domains we found: - Low risk of bias was identified in seven domains as most reviews: o reported an explicit aim/question and inclusion criteria (n=10) o reported reliable methods of duplicate data screening (n=7) o reported reliable methods of duplicate data extraction (n=6) o provide a full description of the included studies (n=7) o conducted quality appraisal (n=8) o reported conflicts of interest (n=7) - Unclear/moderate risk of bias (...) Screen-based activities and children and young people’s mental health and psychosocial wellbeing: a systematic map of reviews Screen-based activities and children and young people’s mental health and psychosocial wellbeing: a systematic map of reviews Department of Health Reviews Facility To support national policy development and implementation The Department of Health Reviews Facility is a collaboration between the following centres of excellence Dickson K, Richardson M, Kwan I, MacDowall W

2018 EPPI Centre

64. Effect of screening sigmoidoscopy and screening colonoscopy on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies

studies; Ι²=0). Results for distal and proximal incidence and mortality were reported and showed that reductions were no longer statistically significant for proximal mortality with sigmoidoscopy or proximal and distal cancer incidence with colonoscopy. Results from indirect comparisons were reported. There was no evidence of significant publication bias. Authors' conclusions Consistent evidence from RCTs and observational studies showed that screening sigmoidoscopy and screening colonoscopy prevented (...) Effect of screening sigmoidoscopy and screening colonoscopy on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies Effect of screening sigmoidoscopy and screening colonoscopy on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies Effect of screening sigmoidoscopy and screening colonoscopy on colorectal cancer incidence

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2014 DARE.

65. Public health guidance on antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA ? addressing the vulnerable populations

Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. On 1 April 2015, Embase was searched for relevant literature through Embase.com. All studies published between 1 January 2000 and 2 March/1 April 2015 were included. Of the 504 articles retrieved, 54 were retained. There were no studies on vulnerable groups that compared screening with non-screening options. The risk of bias in cohort studies was evaluated using the checklists provided by the Critical Appraisal Skills (...) Public health guidance on antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA ? addressing the vulnerable populations SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA – addressing the vulnerable populations www.ecdc.europa.euECDC SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in the EU/EEA – addressing the vulnerable populations ii This report

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

66. Recommendations on screening for breast cancer in women 40-74 years of age who are not at increased risk

: Table 1: Breast cancer mortality using mammography with or without clinical breast examination* In relation to harms of breast cancer screening using mammography, 3 trials – and 6 cohort studies – were identified that reported on overdiagnosis. However, only the Canadian RCT estimated rates of overdiagnosis by age in a trial judged to be at moderate risk of bias; these findings are presented in . Risk of bias may include such issues as failure to conceal allocation to group, failure to blind, loss (...) in the direction of its previous recommendations on breast cancer screening with mammography, although the certainty of evidence (previously referred to as “quality of evidence”) was downgraded upon reappraisal because of serious concerns regarding risk of bias in the original studies. As mentioned previously, no evidence was identified on the benefits and harms of screening women aged 75 years and older. The absolute benefit of breast cancer screening with mammography remains lowest for younger women

2018 Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care

67. Pharmacoperone rescue of vasopressin 2 receptor mutants reveals unexpected constitutive activity and coupling bias. (PubMed)

protein, but only modestly compared with the WT receptor. Fourteen V2R mutant pharmacoperones, of multiple chemical classes, obtained from a high throughput screen of a 660,000 structure library, and one V2R peptidomimetic antagonist rescues L83Q. The rescued mutant shows similar bias with all pharmacoperones identified, suggesting that the bias is intrinsic to the mutant protein's structure, rather than due to the chemical class of the pharmacoperone. In the case of V2R mutant Y128S, rescue (...) Pharmacoperone rescue of vasopressin 2 receptor mutants reveals unexpected constitutive activity and coupling bias. Pharmacoperones are small molecules that diffuse into cells and rescue misfolded, mistrafficked protein mutants, restoring their function. These substances act with high target specificity, serving as templates to fold (or refold) receptors, enzymes, ion channels or other proteins and enable them to pass the scrutiny of the cellular quality control system ("rescue

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 PLoS ONE

68. The scoring bias in reverse docking and the score normalization strategy to improve success rate of target fishing. (PubMed)

The scoring bias in reverse docking and the score normalization strategy to improve success rate of target fishing. Target fishing often relies on the use of reverse docking to identify potential target proteins of ligands from protein database. The limitation of reverse docking is the accuracy of current scoring funtions used to distinguish true target from non-target proteins. Many contemporary scoring functions are designed for the virtual screening of small molecules without special (...) optimization for reverse docking, which would be easily influenced by the properties of protein pockets, resulting in scoring bias to the proteins with certain properties. This bias would cause lots of false positives in reverse docking, interferring the identification of true targets. In this paper, we have conducted a large-scale reverse docking (5000 molecules to 100 proteins) to study the scoring bias in reverse docking by DOCK, Glide, and AutoDock Vina. And we found that there were actually some

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 PLoS ONE

69. Evaluating association between linguistic characteristics of abstracts and risk of bias: Case of Japanese randomized controlled trials. (PubMed)

to efficiently screen articles worth reading, this study aims 1) to quantify the linguistic features of articles and 2) to build a document assessment model to evaluate quality of RCTs using only the abstract. All RCTs that were conducted in Japan in 2010 as original articles were included in the analysis. Data were independently assessed by two reviewers using a risk-of-bias tool. Three aspects of linguistic style were quantitatively measured, and a document model was constructed to evaluate the RCTs (...) topics had a significant association with quality. Despite a number of articles published about RCTs in Japan, significant differences exist in several textual features between high- and low-quality RCTs. Instead of the risk-of-bias tool, these results can be used as the new criteria to rapidly screen valuable articles and it also revealed quality control of RCT articles is urgently needed in Japan.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 PLoS ONE

70. Strategies to Prevent or Reduce Gender Bias in Peer Review of Research Grants: A Rapid Scoping Review. (PubMed)

Strategies to Prevent or Reduce Gender Bias in Peer Review of Research Grants: A Rapid Scoping Review. To review the literature on strategies implemented or identified to prevent or reduce gender bias in peer review of research grants.Studies of any type of qualitative or quantitative design examining interventions to reduce or prevent gender bias during the peer review of health-related research grants were included. Electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Education Resources (...) Information Center (ERIC), PsycINFO, Joanna Briggs, the Cochrane Library, Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Reviews, and the Campbell Library were searched from 2005 to April 2016. A search for grey (i.e., difficult to locate or unpublished) literature was conducted and experts in the field were consulted to identify additional potentially relevant articles. Two individuals screened titles and abstracts, full-text articles, and abstracted data with discrepancies resolved by a third person consistently.After

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 PLoS ONE

71. Cervical cancer screening program and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) testing, part II: Update on HPV primary screening

is substantially more sensitive than cytology in identifying underlying CIN2+ and CIN3+. However, one drawback is the lower specificity. A wide spread of accuracy estimates is observed in certain developing countries possibly explainable by variability in the reference standard. Further variation is observed according to the intensity of verification and methods to adjust for verification bias. 6, 7 2.1.2. Efficacy of HPV-based compared to cytology-based screening Higher cross-sectional sensitivity of hrHPV (...) Cervical cancer screening program and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) testing, part II: Update on HPV primary screening 2015 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 238Cs SYNTHESIS CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING PROGRAM AND HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) TESTING, PART II: UPDATE ON HPV PRIMARY SCREENING Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre The Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre (KCE) is an organization of public interest, created on the 24 th of December 2002 under the supervision of the Minister of Public Health

2015 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

72. Effect of Dysphagia Screening Strategies on Clinical Outcomes After Stroke: A Systematic Review for the 2018 Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke

reflex to routine dysphagia screening. A smaller RCT randomly assigned 2 hospital wards to a stroke care pathway including dysphagia screening or regular care and found that patients on the stroke care pathway were less likely to require intubation and mechanical ventilation; however, the study was small and at risk for bias. Conclusions—There were insufficient RCT data to determine the effect of dysphagia screening protocols on reducing the rates of pneumonia, death, or dependency after stroke (...) and signs and a water swallow test to screen for aspiration risk. Nurses in the intervention stroke units attended an in-service training by a speech language pathologist and were required to pass a competency examina- tion. They then applied the tool in clinical practice. The study quality was high, with the only risk for bias being that blind- ing of the intervention was not possible (Table 2). Compared with patients treated in the control stroke units (n=451), those treated in the intervention stroke

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 American Heart Association

73. Final recommendation statement: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: screening.

Final recommendation statement: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: screening. Final recommendation statement: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: screening. | National Guideline Clearinghouse success fail May JUN 09 2017 2018 2019 19 May 2018 - 13 Jul 2018 COLLECTED BY Organization: Formed in 2009, the Archive Team (not to be confused with the archive.org Archive-It Team) is a rogue archivist collective dedicated to saving copies of rapidly dying or deleted websites for the sake of history (...) at . TIMESTAMPS Search Sign In Username or Email * Password * Remember Me Don't have an account? The AHRQ National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC, guideline.gov) Web site will not be available after July 16, 2018 because federal funding through AHRQ will no longer be available to support the NGC as of that date. For additional information, read our . Guideline Summary NGC:011319 2018 Jan NEATS Assessment Final recommendation statement: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: screening. Final recommendation statement

2018 National Guideline Clearinghouse (partial archive)

74. Dental radiograph as an opportunistic screening tool for a colorectal cancer syndrome (CAT#3342)

Dental radiograph as an opportunistic screening tool for a colorectal cancer syndrome (CAT#3342) UTCAT3342, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Dental radiograph as an opportunistic screening tool for a colorectal cancer syndrome Clinical Question Does dental radiograph serve as an opportunistic screening tool for early detection of extraintestinal manifestations of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP (...) ) in children and adults? Clinical Bottom Line Incidental findings on dental radiographs could serve as screening tools for systemic diseases and syndromes. The attention should be raised when gene mutation, congenitally diseases or familial colorectal cancer are reported by patients during the medical history questionnaire. For patients with risk of FAP, the Dental panoramic radiographic score (DPRS) is inexpensive, and reinforce the referral for the further clinical investigation, gene mapping

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

75. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) - breast screening recall: Advice Statement

Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) - breast screening recall: Advice Statement File name: 20180301 Tomosynthesis Recall AS v1.0.docx Version: 1.0 Date: 25 April 2018 Produced by: Page: 1 Review date: Advice Statement 004/18 April 2018 In women who have been recalled from breast screening, what is the clinical and cost effectiveness of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) compared with coned views? Advice for NHSScotland Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) can be used to aid diagnosis for women who (...) have been recalled from initial breast screening for further assessment. Eight studies have compared DBT with supplementary mammographic views (SMVs, which is the current standard of care). In six studies the diagnostic accuracy was comparable, and in two the diagnostic accuracy of DBT was superior. DBT takes an image of the whole breast. Coned mammographic views require careful positioning of the patient to avoid potential errors resulting from lesions being placed outside the field of compression

2018 SHTG Advice Statements

76. Screening of fetal aneuploidies whereby non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT)

Screening of fetal aneuploidies whereby non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT) Dec2015 © EUnetHTA, 2015. Reproduction is authorised provided EUnetHTA is explicitly acknowledged 1 EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 Version 1.5, 23 rd February 2018 Rapid assessment of other technologies using the HTA Core Model ® for Rapid Relative Effectiveness Assessment SCREENING OF FETAL TRISOMIES 21, 18 AND 13 BY NONINVASIVE PRENATAL TESTING Project ID: OTCA03 Screening of fetal trisomies 21, 18 and 13 by noninvasive (...) Cunqueiro Hospital, Spain, who had undergone NIPT participated in the draft project plan consultation phase. Screening of fetal trisomies 21, 18 and 13 by noninvasive prenatal testing Version 1.5, 23rd February 2018 EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 3 Consultation of the draft rapid assessment Manufacturers [v 1.2] (factual accuracy check) Sequenom Laboratories, San Diego, CA, USA Ariosa Diagnostics Inc./Roche Sequencing Solutions Inc., San Jose, California, USA Natera ® , San Carlos, CA, USA Premaitha Health

2018 EUnetHTA

77. Comparison of FMF and NICE Algorithms in Early Preeclampsia Screening at 11-13 Weeks Gestation

multicenter cohort studies. Conclusion: The FMF algorithm which combines maternal factors with biophysical and biochemical markers is superior in screening for preeclampsia during weeks 11-13 gestation compared to the NICE algorithm. The quality of evidence is at a low to very low due to risk of publication bias and incomplete blinding. Recommended Citation Voelker, Lauren and Gemeda, Mergitu, "Comparison of FMF and NICE Algorithms in Early Preeclampsia Screening at 11-13 Weeks Gestation" (2019). School (...) Comparison of FMF and NICE Algorithms in Early Preeclampsia Screening at 11-13 Weeks Gestation "Comparison of FMF and NICE Algorithms in Early Preeclampsia Screening " by Lauren Voelker and Mergitu Gemeda < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-10-2019 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Rights . Abstract Background:Approximately 3% of pregnant women develop preeclampsia at some time during their pregnancy. Preeclampsia

2019 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

78. Screening for genital chlamydia infection. (PubMed)

and detection bias.We included six trials involving 359,078 adult women and men. One trial was at low risk of bias in all six specific domains assessed. Two trials examined the effect of multiple rounds of chlamydia screening on C. trachomatis transmission. A cluster-controlled trial in women and men in the general population in the Netherlands found no change in chlamydia test positivity after three yearly invitations (intervention 4.1% vs control 4.3%, RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.84 to 1.09, 1 trial, 317,304 (...) , the risk of PID was lower in women in intervention than control groups, with little evidence of between-trial heterogeneity (RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.49 to 0.94, I2 7%, 4 trials, 21,686 participants, moderate quality evidence). In a sensitivity analysis, the estimated effect of chlamydia screening in two RCTs at low risk of detection bias (RR 0.80, 95% CI 0.55 to 1.17) was compatible with no effect and was lower than in two RCTs at high or unclear risk of detection bias (RR 0.42, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.83).The risk

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Cochrane

79. Systematic screening for the detection of atrial fibrillation. (PubMed)

no language restrictions.Randomised controlled trials comparing screening for AF with routine practice in people 40 years of age and older were eligible. Two review authors (PM and CT) independently selected trials for inclusion.Two review authors (PM and CT) independently assessed risk of bias and extracted data. We used odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to present results for the primary outcome, which is a dichotomous variable. As we identified only one study for inclusion, we (...) Systematic screening for the detection of atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Screening for AF in asymptomatic patients has been proposed as a way of reducing the burden of the disease by detecting people who would benefit from prophylactic anticoagulation therapy before the onset of symptoms. However, for screening to be an effective intervention, it must improve the detection of AF

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Cochrane

80. Recommendations on screening for developmental delay

Recommendations on screening for developmental delay Guidelines CMAJ ©2016 8872147 Canada Inc. or its licensors CMAJ 1 CME Competing interests: None declared. This article has been peer reviewed. *The complete list of authors appears at the end of the article. The complete list of current members of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care is available at www.canadian taskforce.ca/members_eng. html Correspondence to: Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care, info (...) -based screening of all preschool children has been pro- posed to facilitate early identification and treat- ment. For example, the province of Ontario rec- ommends developmental screening of all children at 18 months, 10 and the American Acad- emy of Pediatrics recommends developmental screening at 9, 18 and 30 months and autism screening at 24 and 30 months. 11,12 The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care assessed the evidence on the effectiveness of population- based screening

2016 CPG Infobase

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>