How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

58,942 results for

Screening Bias

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

21. Prehospital stroke scales as screening tools for early identification of stroke and transient ischemic attack. (PubMed)

Prehospital stroke scales as screening tools for early identification of stroke and transient ischemic attack. Rapid and accurate detection of stroke by paramedics or other emergency clinicians at the time of first contact is crucial for timely initiation of appropriate treatment. Several stroke recognition scales have been developed to support the initial triage. However, their accuracy remains uncertain and there is no agreement which of the scales perform better.To systematically identify (...) and review the evidence pertaining to the test accuracy of validated stroke recognition scales, as used in a prehospital or emergency room (ER) setting to screen people suspected of having stroke.We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid) and the Science Citation Index to 30 January 2018. We handsearched the reference lists of all included studies and other relevant publications and contacted experts in the field to identify additional studies or unpublished data.We included studies evaluating

2019 Cochrane

22. Screening hysteroscopy in subfertile women and women undergoing assisted reproduction. (PubMed)

in subfertile women wishing to conceive spontaneously, or before undergoing IUI or IVF.We independently screened studies, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias. The primary outcomes were live birth rate and complications following hysteroscopy. We analysed data using risk ratio (RR) and a fixed-effect model. We assessed the quality of the evidence by using GRADE criteria.We retrieved 11 studies. We included one trial that evaluated screening hysteroscopy versus no hysteroscopy, in women (...) women who had no hysteroscopy prior to IVF. Main limitations in the quality of evidence were inadequate reporting of study methods and higher statistical heterogeneity. Eight of the ten trials had unclear risk of bias for allocation concealment.Performing a screening hysteroscopy before IVF may increase live birth rate (RR 1.26, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.43; 6 RCTs; participants = 2745; I² = 69 %; low-quality evidence). For a typical clinic with a 22% live birth rate, performing a screening hysteroscopy

2019 Cochrane

23. Public health guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA

Public health guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA www.ecdc.europa.euECDC SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA ii This report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC (...) Prevention and Control. Public health guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA. Stockholm: ECDC; 2018. Stockholm, November 2018 ISBN 978-92-9498-280-3 doi: 10.2900/154411 Catalogue number TQ-04-18-919-EN-N © European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2018 Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived

2019 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

24. The Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Tendon and Ligament Healing: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis With Bias Assessment

using the visual analog scale (VAS) to measure pain intensity. Injury subgroups (rotator cuff, tendinopathy, anterior cruciate ligament, and lateral epicondylitis) were evaluated. Funnel plots and the Egger test were used to screen for publication bias, and sensitivity analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of potential outliers by removing studies one at a time.Thirty-seven articles were included in this review, 21 (1031 participants) of which could be included in the quantitative analysis (...) The Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Tendon and Ligament Healing: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis With Bias Assessment There has been a surge in high-level studies investigating platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for tendon and ligament injuries. A number of meta-analyses have been published, but few studies have focused exclusively on tendon and ligament injuries.To perform a meta-analysis assessing the ability of PRP to reduce pain in patients with tendon and ligament injuries.Systematic

2018 EvidenceUpdates

25. Detecting and measuring alcohol attention bias in social drinkers: a meta-analysis of eye tracking and visual probe methodology

Detecting and measuring alcohol attention bias in social drinkers: a meta-analysis of eye tracking and visual probe methodology Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2019 PROSPERO

26. A machine learning aided systematic review and meta-analysis of attentional bias to somatosensory stimuli in chronic pain patients

A machine learning aided systematic review and meta-analysis of attentional bias to somatosensory stimuli in chronic pain patients Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record (...) criteria: Example: Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal

2019 PROSPERO

27. Has the prevalence of outcome reporting bias in surgical randomised trials changed? An updated systematic review

Has the prevalence of outcome reporting bias in surgical randomised trials changed? An updated systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) : Screening will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3

2019 PROSPERO

28. Community screening for visual impairment in older people. (PubMed)

of follow-up ranged from one to five years. Three of these studies were cluster-randomised trials whereby general practitioners or family physicians were randomly allocated to undertake vision screening or no vision screening. All studies were funded by government agencies. Overall we judged the studies to be at low risk of bias and only downgraded the certainty of the evidence (GRADE) for imprecision.Seven trials compared vision screening as part of a multi-component screening versus no screening. Six (...) Community screening for visual impairment in older people. Visual problems in older people are common and frequently under-reported. The effects of poor vision in older people are wide reaching and include falls, confusion and reduced quality of life. Much of the visual impairment in older ages can be treated (e.g. cataract surgery, correction of refractive error). Vision screening may therefore reduce the number of older people living with sight loss.The objective of this review was to assess

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Cochrane

29. Interventions to increase attendance for diabetic retinopathy screening. (PubMed)

Interventions to increase attendance for diabetic retinopathy screening. Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS) in reducing the risk of sight loss, attendance for screening is consistently below recommended levels.The primary objective of the review was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) interventions that seek to increase attendance for DRS in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Secondary objectives were:To use validated (...) taxonomies of QI intervention strategies and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to code the description of interventions in the included studies and determine whether interventions that include particular QI strategies or component BCTs are more effective in increasing screening attendance;To explore heterogeneity in effect size within and between studies to identify potential explanatory factors for variability in effect size;To explore differential effects in subgroups to provide information on how

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Cochrane

30. Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defects. (PubMed)

Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defects. Health outcomes are improved when newborn babies with critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) are detected before acute cardiovascular collapse. The main screening tests used to identify these babies include prenatal ultrasonography and postnatal clinical examination; however, even though both of these methods are available, a significant proportion of babies are still missed. Routine pulse oximetry has been reported (...) as an additional screening test that can potentially improve detection of CCHD.• To determine the diagnostic accuracy of pulse oximetry as a screening method for detection of CCHD in asymptomatic newborn infants• To assess potential sources of heterogeneity, including:○ characteristics of the population: inclusion or exclusion of antenatally detected congenital heart defects;○ timing of testing: < 24 hours versus ≥ 24 hours after birth;○ site of testing: right hand and foot (pre-ductal and post-ductal) versus

2018 Cochrane

31. Vision screening for correctable visual acuity deficits in school-age children and adolescents. (PubMed)

of life, costs, and adverse effects. We graded the certainty of the evidence using GRADE.We identified seven relevant studies. Five of these studies were conducted in China with one study in India and one in Tanzania. A total of 9858 children aged between 10 and 18 years were randomised in these studies, 8240 of whom (84%) were followed up between one and eight months after screening. Overall we judged the studies to be at low risk of bias. None of these studies compared vision screening (...) Vision screening for correctable visual acuity deficits in school-age children and adolescents. Although the benefits of vision screening seem intuitive, the value of such programmes in junior and senior schools has been questioned. In addition there exists a lack of clarity regarding the optimum age for screening and frequency at which to carry out screening.To evaluate the effectiveness of vision screening programmes carried out in schools to reduce the prevalence of correctable visual acuity

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Cochrane

32. Are There Tools to Screen Children and Adolescents in the Emergency Department With Mental Health and Substance Abuse Issues?

Are There Tools to Screen Children and Adolescents in the Emergency Department With Mental Health and Substance Abuse Issues? TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Modest-quality evidence suggests that clinical decision instruments may be useful in identifying children and adolescents at increased risk for alcohol abuse, suicide, and need for mental health admission. Are There Tools to Screen Children and Adolescents in the Emergency Department With Mental Health and Substance Abuse Issues? EBEM Commentators (...) Michael P. Wilson, MD, PhD Rawle A. Seupaul, MD Department of Emergency Medicine University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Little Rock, AR Results Table 1. Helpful ED screening tools. Positive LR Negative LR Sensitivity, % (95% CI) Speci?city, % (95% CI) HEADS-ED 6.3 0.21 82 (NR) 87 (NR) ASQ 2.8 0.04 98 (91.7–99.7) 66 (55.2–75.0) DSM-IV 8.8 0.13 88 (NR) 90 (NR) LR, Likelihood ratio; CI, con?dence interval; NR, not reported; ASQ, Ask Suicide-Screening Questions. The HEADS-ED tool is used to predict

2018 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

33. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) - asymptomatic women attending breast screening

studies were rated as having a low risk of bias, but one was rated as having an unclear risk of bias (Lourenco et al, 2014). Houssami et al 2016 9 This rapid review focused on the evidence relating to DBT screening in women with dense breasts, with the aim of estimating additional breast cancer detection attributable to DBT in comparison with standard 2D mammography. Eight studies were included. Four were prospective trials comparing both modalities (DBT plus FFDM versus FFDM alone) in the same (...) Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) - asymptomatic women attending breast screening 77 1 Health technology description Questions addressed The aim of this evidence note is to establish whether the existing evidence supports the addition of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) to the breast screening pathway. The specific questions addressed are: ? In asymptomatic women attending for breast screening, what is the evidence that DBT and full- field digital mammography or synthetic 2D (FFDM or 2SD

2018 Evidence Notes from Healthcare Improvement Scotland

34. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) - breast screening recall

15, 17 . The retrospective studies mostly involved readers evaluating two sets of images for each study participant: (1) the screening mammograms with the DBT images, and (2) the screening mammograms with the SMVs 5, 15, 17, 18, 20, 23 . To reduce bias from readers’ memories, most (but not all) studies stated that the DBT and SMVs for each participant were reviewed at different times (varying between 2 and 9 weeks apart). Most studies also stated that the readers were blinded to the assessment (...) Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) - breast screening recall 76 1 Health technology description Questions addressed ? In women who have been recalled from breast screening for further assessment, what is the evidence that digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in place of coned views improves cancer detection? ? How does breast density and type/stage of cancer influence the results? Key points ? Evidence from ten studies suggests that, from a diagnostic perspective, digital breast tomosynthesis

2018 Evidence Notes from Healthcare Improvement Scotland

35. Accuracy of Self-Report for Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening

no studies that reported on clinical outcomes or adverse events or unintended consequences of accepting self-report. In addition, there was significant heterogeneity among studies, which may be due to differences between the populations studied. Most studies had unclear risk of bias due to unclear reporting of blinding and incomplete medical record review. Implications for VHA Policy/Practice Although VA has good systems for tracking screening services delivered by VA, many women Veterans obtain some Pap (...) Accuracy of Self-Report for Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Management Briefs eBrief-no152 -- Accuracy of Self-Report for Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no152 -- Accuracy of Self-Report for Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 152 » Issue 152 April 2019

2019 Veterans Affairs - R&D

36. Translating a rodent measure of negative bias into humans: the impact of induced anxiety and unmedicated mood and anxiety disorders. (PubMed)

Translating a rodent measure of negative bias into humans: the impact of induced anxiety and unmedicated mood and anxiety disorders. Mood and anxiety disorders are ubiquitous but current treatment options are ineffective for many sufferers. Moreover, a number of promising pre-clinical interventions have failed to translate into clinical efficacy in humans. Improved treatments are unlikely without better animal-human translational pipelines. Here, we translate a rodent measure of negative (...) affective bias into humans, exploring its relationship with (1) pathological mood and anxiety symptoms and (2) transient induced anxiety.Adult participants (age = 29 ± 11) who met criteria for mood or anxiety disorder symptomatology according to a face-to-face neuropsychiatric interview were included in the symptomatic group. Study 1 included N = 77 (47 = asymptomatic [female = 21]; 30 = symptomatic [female = 25]), study 2 included N = 47 asymptomatic participants (25 = female). Outcome measures were

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 Psychological Medicine

37. Bias of Inaccurate Disease Mentions in Electronic Health Record-based Phenotyping. (PubMed)

Bias of Inaccurate Disease Mentions in Electronic Health Record-based Phenotyping. Electronic health record (EHR)-based phenotyping is an automated technique for identifying patients diagnosed with a particular disease using EHR data. However, EHR-based phenotyping has difficulties in achieving satisfactorily high performance because clinical notes include disease mentions that ultimately signify something other than the patient's diagnosis (such as differential diagnosis or screening). Our (...) such disease mentions.Among the patients whose clinical notes included disease mentions without any modifier or indicator, the proportion of patients whose disease mentions signified the patients' diagnosis was 78.1% (on average). This value can be interpreted as the bias of disease mentions that did not signify the patient's diagnosis on the precision of EHR-based phenotyping by extracting disease mentions from clinical notes.This study quantified the bias occurred owing to disease mentions

2019 International journal of medical informatics

38. Exploring attentional bias towards threatening faces in chimpanzees using the dot probe task. (PubMed)

Exploring attentional bias towards threatening faces in chimpanzees using the dot probe task. Primates have evolved to rapidly detect and respond to danger in their environment. However, the mechanisms involved in attending to threatening stimuli are not fully understood. The dot-probe task is one of the most widely used experimental paradigms to investigate these mechanisms in humans. However, to date, few studies have been conducted in non-human primates. The aim of this study (...) was to investigate whether the dot-probe task can measure attentional biases towards threatening faces in chimpanzees. Eight adult chimpanzees participated in a series of touch screen dot-probe tasks. We predicted faster response times towards chimpanzee threatening faces relative to neutral faces and faster response times towards faces of high threat intensity (scream) than low threat intensity (bared teeth). Contrary to prediction, response times for chimpanzee threatening faces relative to neutral faces did

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 PLoS ONE

39. "A Prospective Approach to Inform and Treat 1,340 Patients at Risk for BIA-ALCL." (PubMed)

"A Prospective Approach to Inform and Treat 1,340 Patients at Risk for BIA-ALCL." Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma's increasing incidence and associated mortality has become alarming. However, many patients remain unaware of their risk for BIA-ALCL and may overlook early warning signs of the cancer. The authors aim to contact all breast implant patients at a single institution to educate them on the disease and provide screening and treatment as indicated.All patients (...) who had breast implants placed at Penn State Hershey Medical Center from 1979 to November 2017 were mailed a letter to describe BIA-ALCL and to encourage a follow-up visitation. Patient information regarding demographics, implant type, the number of calls and follow up visits, physical exam findings, as well as patient decisions after being informed of the disease were recorded prospectively.One thousand two hundred and eighty-four letters were mailed with 1,020 (79.4%) to patients with smooth

2019 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

40. School dental screening programmes for oral health. (PubMed)

(RCTs) (cluster or parallel) that evaluated school dental screening compared with no intervention or with one type of screening compared with another.We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane.We included six trials (four were cluster-RCTs) with 19,498 children who were 4 to 15 years of age. Four trials were conducted in the UK and two were based in India. We assessed two trials to be at low risk of bias, one trial to be at high risk of bias and three trials to be at unclear (...) School dental screening programmes for oral health. School dental screening refers to visual inspection of children's oral cavity in a school setting followed by making parents aware of their child's current oral health status and treatment needs. Screening at school intends to identify children at an earlier stage than symptomatic disease presentation, hence prompting preventive and therapeutic oral health care for the children. This review evaluates the effectiveness of school dental

2017 Cochrane

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>