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School Refusal

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1. Collaboration teams as treatment for school refusals

Collaboration teams as treatment for school refusals Collaboration teams as treatment for school refusals We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Collaboration teams as treatment for school refusals Share: Reading time approx. 1 minute The reasons for prolonged school absence, so called school refusal, is complex and often caused by several (...) factors which all together make the child refuse school attendance. The treatments used for school refusal differ and can be delivered both as a single component and as an intervention package involving the school, parents, and psychiatric services. However, the common goal for both types of intervention is to bring the child back to school. Question Is there evidence that collaboration teams are effective as treatment for school refusals? The complete Enquiry response is published in Swedish. Click

2018 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

2. Psychosocial Interventions for School Refusal with Primary and Secondary School Students: A Systematic Review

Psychosocial Interventions for School Refusal with Primary and Secondary School Students: A Systematic Review 404 - The Campbell Collaboration Media Centre Blog Newsletter Sign Up ARCHIE login Menu to return to the home page. What were you looking for? To report a broken link, please send an email to . Remember to include the URL (web page address) that you used, or tell us about the content you were looking for. Thank you. Useful links News and Jobs In order to provide you with the best online

2015 Campbell Collaboration

3. Refusal and resistance to care by people living with dementia being cared for within acute hospital wards: an ethnographic study

Refusal and resistance to care by people living with dementia being cared for within acute hospital wards: an ethnographic study Refusal and resistance to care by people living with dementia being cared for within acute hospital wards: an ethnographic study Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website (...) search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Staff approaches towards people living with dementia in acute hospitals are often both a response and trigger to the high levels of resistance to care observable in the setting. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , & . Katie Featherstone 1, * , Andy Northcott 2 , Jane Harden 1 , Karen Harrison Denning 3 , Rosie Tope 4 , Sue Bale 5 , Jackie Bridges 6 1 School

2019 NIHR HTA programme

4. Adverse events reported by anxious school refusing adolescents receiving cognitive behavioral therapy with and without fluoxetine. (PubMed)

Adverse events reported by anxious school refusing adolescents receiving cognitive behavioral therapy with and without fluoxetine. Investigating adverse events associated with antidepressant treatments in adolescents is important given the concerns about increased risk of suicidal ideation and behavior in this age group. The aim of this study is to investigate adverse and serious adverse events associated with the treatment of anxiety (cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-only, CBT-plus-placebo (...) , and CBT-plus-fluoxetine) in anxious school-refusing adolescents.A side-effect symptom checklist was completed by participants prior to commencing treatment and during treatment (weekly/fortnightly).CBT-plus-fluoxetine was well tolerated and not associated with higher levels of adverse events than the other treatments. Adverse events in all groups decreased over time, and the only adverse event distinct to fluoxetine was nausea. Baseline anxiety predicted higher levels of adverse events. There was one

2019 Clinical child psychology and psychiatry

5. The Experience of Psychiatric Care of Adolescents with Anxiety-based School Refusal and of their Parents: A Qualitative Study (PubMed)

The Experience of Psychiatric Care of Adolescents with Anxiety-based School Refusal and of their Parents: A Qualitative Study Anxiety-based school refusal in adolescence is a complex, sometimes difficult to treat disorder that can have serious academic and psychiatric consequences. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore how teens with this problem and their parents experience the psychiatric care received.This qualitative multicenter study took place in France, where we (...) conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents receiving psychiatric care for anxiety-based school refusal and with their parents. Data collection by purposive sampling continued until we reached theoretical sufficiency. Data analysis was thematic.This study included 20 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years and 21 parents. Two themes emerged from the analysis: (1) the goals of psychiatric care with two sub-themes, "self-transformation" and problem solving; and, (2) the therapeutic levers identified

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2018 Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

6. Aggression Profiles in the Spanish Child Population: Differences in Perfectionism, School Refusal and Affect (PubMed)

Aggression Profiles in the Spanish Child Population: Differences in Perfectionism, School Refusal and Affect The aim of this study was to identify the existence of combinations of aggression components (Anger, Hostility, Physical Aggression and Verbal Aggression) that result in different profiles of aggressive behavior in children, as well as to test the differences between these profiles in scores of perfectionism, school refusal and affect. It is interesting to analyze these variables given (...) scores between -1.36 and -1.58). These profiles were found for 49.08%, 38.46% and 12.48% of the sample, respectively. High Aggression scored significantly higher than Moderate Aggression and Low Aggression on Socially Prescribed Perfectionism (SPP), Self-Oriented Perfectionism (SOP), the first three factors of school refusal (i.e., FI. Negative Affective, FII. Social Aversion and/or Evaluation, FIII. To Pursue Attention), and Negative Affect (NA). In addition, Moderate Aggression also reported

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2018 Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience

7. Validation of the Visual Analogue Scale for Anxiety-Revised and school refusal across anxiety profiles (PubMed)

Validation of the Visual Analogue Scale for Anxiety-Revised and school refusal across anxiety profiles This paper aimed to validate the Spanish version of scores of the Visual Analogue Scale for Anxiety-Revised (VAA-R) in child population, and to verify the existence of anxiety profiles and to relate them to school refusal.The sample was made up of 911 Spanish students between 8 and 12 years old (M = 9.61, SD = 1.23). The measures used were the VAA-R and the School Refusal Assessment Scale (...) -Revised for Children (SRAS-R-C).Confirmatory factorial analysis supported the three-dimensional VAA-R structure: Anticipatory Anxiety (AA), School-based performance Anxiety (SA) and Generalized Anxiety (GA). The VAA-R has an adequate reliability and structural invariance across sex and age. No latent mean differences were found across sex, but did occur through age in AA and GA factors. Cluster analysis identified four child anxiety profiles: High Anxiety, High Anxiety School-type, Low Anxiety

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2018 International journal of clinical and health psychology : IJCHP

8. A Systematic Review of Pharmacologic Treatments for School Refusal Behavior. (PubMed)

A Systematic Review of Pharmacologic Treatments for School Refusal Behavior. School refusal is an important pediatric problem with significant negative short- and long-term outcomes. Specific psychosocial treatments appear effective in reducing school refusal, but many children do not respond to these treatments. Although systematic reviews have examined the efficacy of psychological interventions for school refusal, no systematic reviews on pharmacological interventions exist.We conducted (...) a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Embase for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-experimental pharmacologic trials in children and adolescents with school refusal reported in English or Spanish until July 1, 2017. Two authors screened study titles and abstracts for eligibility. Data regarding the population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes for each trial were extracted and reported. Effect sizes for school attendance are presented.The search identified 6

2018 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

9. Practitioner Review: School refusal: developments in conceptualisation and treatment since 2000. (PubMed)

Practitioner Review: School refusal: developments in conceptualisation and treatment since 2000. A generation has passed since the literature on the conceptualisation, assessment and treatment of school refusal was reviewed in this journal (Elliott, ). In the light of considerable gaps in the literature, identified at that time, and growing international interest, the current paper sought to identify progress subsequently made this century.We open with discussion of continuing conceptual (...) uncertainty as to whether school refusal should incorporate both truancy and absenteeism marked by anxiety and distress. We then consider progress in treatment, and conclude by examining prognosis and subsequent adult functioning. In selecting intervention studies for review, our primary focus has been upon RCTS, systematic reviews and meta-analyses.The literature review indicates that, since the turn of the century, there has been little substantial advance in knowledge that can guide practitioners. Many

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2017 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

10. Jehovah's Witnesses and patients who refuse blood

Consultant Surgeon, Liverpool Vascular and Endovascular Service, Liverpool, UK and School of Physical Sciences, University of Liverpool and Royal College of Surgeons representative 11 Hospital Information Services for Jehovah’s Witnesses, London Summary There are approximately 8.5 million Jehovah’s Witnesses and around 150,000 live in Great Britain and Ireland. Based on their beliefs and core values, Jehovah’s Witnesses refuse blood component transfusion (including red cells, plasma and platelets (...) Jehovah's Witnesses and patients who refuse blood Guidelines Anaesthesia and peri-operative care for Jehovah’s Witnesses and patients who refuse blood July 2018Guidelines AssociationofAnaesthetists:anaesthesiaandperi-operative careforJehovah’sWitnessesandpatientswhorefuseblood A. A.Klein, 1 C. R.Bailey, 2 A.Charlton, 3 C.Lawson, 4 A.F.Nimmo, 5 S.Payne, 6 A.RuckKeene, 7 R.Shortland, 8 J.Smith, 9 F.Torella 10 andP.Wade 11 1Consultant,DepartmentofAnaesthesiaandIntensiveCare,RoyalPapworthHospital

2018 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

11. School Refusal

School Refusal School Refusal Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 School Refusal School Refusal Aka: School Refusal (...) , School Phobia , Anxious School Refusal From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Affects up to 5% of school age children Most common in ages 5-6 years and 10-11 years III. Cause Separation anxiety Avoidance of school-associated fears Avoidance of uncomfortable social situations IV. Risk Factors of Dysfunctional family factors Detachment or disordered cohesiveness within family Significant conflict among family members Isolated from community outside of nuclear family V. Clinical features Emotional

2018 FP Notebook

12. Augmenting Cognitive Behavior Therapy for School Refusal with Fluoxetine: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Augmenting Cognitive Behavior Therapy for School Refusal with Fluoxetine: A Randomized Controlled Trial. This study investigates whether the augmentation of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with fluoxetine improves outcomes in anxious school refusing adolescents (11-16.5 years). Sixty-two participants were randomly allocated to CBT alone, CBT + fluoxetine or CBT + placebo. All treatments were well tolerated; with one suicide-attempt in the CBT + placebo group. All groups improved significantly (...) in the CBT + fluoxetine group than the CBT alone group. These results indicate the chronicity of school refusal, and the need for future research into how to best improve school attendance rates.

2016 Child psychiatry and human development

13. School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised: Factorial Invariance and Latent Means Differences across Gender and Age in Spanish Children (PubMed)

School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised: Factorial Invariance and Latent Means Differences across Gender and Age in Spanish Children The aim of this study was to analyze the factorial invariance and latent means differences of the Spanish version of the School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised for Children (SRAS-R-C) in a sample of 1,078 students (50.8% boys) aged 8-11 years (M = 9.63, SD = 1.12). The results revealed that the proposed model in this study, with a structure of 18 items divided (...) , the differences were significant and higher in younger age groups compared to 11-year-olds. Appropriate indexes of reliability were obtained for SRAS-R-C subscales (0.70, 0.79, 0.87, and 0.72). Finally, the founded correlation coefficients of scores of the SRAS-R-C revealed a predictable pattern between school refusal and positive/negative affect and optimism/pessimism.

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2016 Frontiers in psychology

14. CBT for school refusal

CBT for school refusal CBT for school refusal Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » CBT for school refusal Jun 18 2015 Posted by Refusing to attend school is a common problem amongst children and adolescents and can cause significant disruption for both the young person, including problems with social adjustment and academic achievement, and their family. This recent systematic review provides a clearer picture as to whether psychosocial interventions (most commonly (...) , CBT) help young people and their families overcome problems with school refusal (Maynard et al, 2015). What it tells us is that CBT does produce a significant positive effect on school attendance but not on a child’s anxiety levels. What is school refusal? School refusal refers to a young person’s difficulty in attending school. It is often linked to severe emotional distress, most commonly anxiety, but also depression. 50% of school refusers meet the criteria for an anxiety disorder (Walter et al

2015 The Mental Elf

15. Protocol: school-based interventions to address school refusal/avoidance with high school students

Protocol: school-based interventions to address school refusal/avoidance with high school students Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2018 PROSPERO

16. Risk factors associated with treatment refusal in lung cancer (PubMed)

< 0.05). In logistic regression analysis, age (odds ratio [OR] 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.13), educational status lower than high school (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.2-3.2), no history of surgery (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.4-3.7), body mass index < 18.5 (OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.3-4.7), and a high Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score of 3 or 4 (OR 5.02, 95% CI 2.3-10.8) were significant factors for refusal of cancer treatment.Individual factors, such as old age, low educational status, low weight, and poor (...) Risk factors associated with treatment refusal in lung cancer The incidence of lung cancer is increasing with longer life expectancy. Refusal of active treatment for cancer is prone to cause patients to experience more severe symptoms and shorten survival. The purpose of this study was to define the factors related to refusal or abandonment of active therapy in lung cancer.We retrospectively reviewed the data of 617 patients from medical records from 2010 to 2014. Two groups were formed: 149

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2017 Thoracic cancer

17. Refusing to walk past the old sexist standards in medicine

23 men). Southlake Regional Health Centre, where this investigation is currently ongoing, is a teaching hospital at the University of Toronto’s medical school. Residents and medical students are still rotating through Southlake’s emergency department, which until just recently was completely male and headed by a chief who reportedly refused to supervise female trainees himself and once told a woman, “It’s too bad you are a good resident, because you will have children and your training (...) Refusing to walk past the old sexist standards in medicine Refusing to walk past the old sexist standards in medicine Refusing to walk past the old sexist standards in medicine | | March 3, 2019 658 Shares When I was a third-year medical student in 2006, I was assigned to spend the day at a well-known women’s health clinic in Toronto. I walked into the procedure room and introduced myself to the attending. His first words to me were: “Are you married?” I replied that I wasn’t married, and he

2019 KevinMD blog

18. School, child care and camp exclusion policies for chickenpox: A rational approach

School, child care and camp exclusion policies for chickenpox: A rational approach Widespread varicella vaccination in Canada since 2007 has changed the epidemiology of chickenpox, with a significant decline in varicella-related hospitalizations. However, there will always be a varicella-susceptible population because of immune-compromising treatments or conditions and/or parental vaccine refusal. This document updates and replaces a 1999 statement by the Canadian Paediatric Society. The CPS (...) position on school and child care exclusion policies has not changed since the original statement, but because there have been two published reports of varicella outbreaks associated with summer camp attendance since 1999, this revision provides additional recommendations to mitigate risk for varicella transmission at summer camps. Keywords: Chickenpox; Child care; Exclusion; IMPACT; Summer camp; Vaccine; Varicella

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society

19. Factors Associated with HPV Vaccine Refusal among Young Adult Women after Ten Years of Vaccine Implementation (PubMed)

Factors Associated with HPV Vaccine Refusal among Young Adult Women after Ten Years of Vaccine Implementation In Italy, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination was implemented for twelve years old girls in 2007, but its coverage was lower than the recommended level. Sicily is one of the Italian administrative regions with lower vaccination coverage, with a value of 59% for those born in 1996 increasing to 62% coverage for those born in 1999. The aim of the study was to investigate factors (...) associated with the refusal of HPV vaccination among young adult women of Palermo, Italy. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Policlinico “Paolo Giaccone” Hospital (Palermo 1) and the questionnaire was validated in a convenience sample representing 10% of the young women. A cross-sectional study was conducted through the administration of a telephone questionnaire, consisting of 23 items on HPV infection and vaccination knowledge based on the Health Belief Model framework

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

20. The Social Basis of Vaccine Questioning and Refusal: A Qualitative Study Employing Bourdieu’s Concepts of ‘Capitals’ and ‘Habitus’ (PubMed)

The Social Basis of Vaccine Questioning and Refusal: A Qualitative Study Employing Bourdieu’s Concepts of ‘Capitals’ and ‘Habitus’ This article is an in-depth analysis of the social nature of vaccine decision-making. It employs the sociological theory of Bourdieu and Ingram to consider how parents experience non-vaccination as a valued form of capital in specific communities, and how this can affect their decision-making. Drawing on research conducted in two Australian cities, our (...) qualitative analysis of new interview data shows that parents experience disjuncture and tugs towards 'appropriate' forms of vaccination behavior in their social networks, as these link to broader behaviors around food, school choices and birth practices. We show how differences emerge between the two cities based on study designs, such that we are able to see some parents at the center of groups valorizing their decisions, whilst others feel marginalized within their communities for their decisions

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

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