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1. Correction: From Glacier to Sauna: RNA-Seq of the Human Pathogen Black Fungus Exophiala dermatitidis under Varying Temperature Conditions Exhibits Common and Novel Fungal Response. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: From Glacier to Sauna: RNA-Seq of the Human Pathogen Black Fungus Exophiala dermatitidis under Varying Temperature Conditions Exhibits Common and Novel Fungal Response. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127103.].

2018 PLoS ONE

2. The blood pressure and heart rate during sauna bath correspond to cardiac responses during submaximal dynamic exercise. (Abstract)

The blood pressure and heart rate during sauna bath correspond to cardiac responses during submaximal dynamic exercise. In the present study, the reaction of blood pressure and heart rate are examined during and after a single acute sauna application.In 19 healthy adult volunteers (7 women, aged 46.4±10.2 years, BMI 24.4±2 kg /m2), blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were measured during a 25-minute sauna session (93°C, 13 % humidity) and during a subsequent 30-minute rest period (...) . The parameters obtained were compared with the BP and HR responses during submaximal dynamic exercise testing.The heat exposure resulted in a significant (p<0.01) and progressive increase in systolic and diastolic BP. After the sauna bath, BP decreased and showed significantly (p<0.001) lower values compared to baseline. HR also increased continuously during heat application (p<0.001), resulting in a significant increase (p<0.001) in systolic BP x HR as a measure of myocardial oxygen consumption. After

2019 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

3. A hot topic for health: Results of the Global Sauna Survey. (Abstract)

A hot topic for health: Results of the Global Sauna Survey. Sauna-bathing is an ancient tradition that is gaining popularity across the world as a wellness tool. There is a growing body of medical evidence supporting the role of saunas, or whole-body thermotherapy, as a form of treatment for a range of health issues. However, the demographics, motivations and experiences of current sauna bathers have not yet been explored on a global scale. This study is designed to explore these themes.An (...) online 71-item questionnaire compiling information on the individual characteristics, sauna-related habits and perceived health and wellness experiences of regular sauna bathers was conducted from October 2016 to October 2017. The validated 'SF-12' quality of life scoring tool was incorporated into the questionnaire to measure physical and mental indicators of well-being.Of 572 logins recorded, 482 valid responses were generated. Both men (51.3%) and women (48.7%) were represented, and respondents

2019 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

4. Finnish sauna bathing does not increase or decrease the risk of cancer in men: A prospective cohort study. (Abstract)

Finnish sauna bathing does not increase or decrease the risk of cancer in men: A prospective cohort study. Evidence suggests that heat therapy can be used to prevent and treat cancer; anecdotal reports suggest passive heat therapies may increase cancer risk. Finnish sauna bathing has been linked to a reduced risk of chronic diseases, but its association with cancer risk is unknown. We aimed to assess the prospective association between frequency of sauna bathing and the risk of all-cause (...) and site-specific cancers using the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease prospective cohort.Baseline sauna bathing habits were assessed in 2173 men aged 42-61 years with no history of cancer. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for cancer were calculated using Cox proportional hazard models. We corrected for within-person variability in sauna bathing habits using data from repeat assessments taken 11 years apart.During a median follow-up of 24.3 years, 588 (27.1%) all-cause cancer cases

2019 European Journal of Cancer

5. Acute effect of Finnish sauna bathing on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation and reactive hyperemia in healthy middle-aged and older adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute effect of Finnish sauna bathing on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation and reactive hyperemia in healthy middle-aged and older adults. Regular Finnish sauna bathing is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in middle-aged and older adults. Potential acute physiological adaptations induced by sauna bathing that underlie this relationship remain to be fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to determine if typical Finnish sauna sessions acutely (...) improve brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and reactive hyperemia (RH) in healthy middle-aged and older adults. Using a randomized crossover design, FMD and RH were evaluated in 21 healthy adults (66 ± 6 years, 10 men/11 women) before and after each of the following conditions: (1) 1 × 10 min of Finnish sauna bathing (80.2 ± 3.2°C, 23 ± 2% humidity); (2) 2 × 10 min of sauna bathing separated by 10 min of rest outside the sauna; (3) a time control period (10 min of seated rest outside

2019 Physiological reports Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6. Recovery from sauna bathing favorably modulates cardiac autonomic nervous system. (Abstract)

Recovery from sauna bathing favorably modulates cardiac autonomic nervous system. Sauna bathing is becoming a common activity in many countries and it has been linked to favorable health outcomes. However, there is limited data on the heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) responses to an acute sauna exposure.We conducted a single-group, longitudinal study utilizing a pre-post design to examine acute effects of sauna bathing on the autonomic nervous system as reflected by HRV. A total (...) of 93 participants (mean [SD] age: 52.0 [8.8] years, 53.8% males) with cardiovascular risk factors were exposed to a single sauna session (duration: 30 min; temperature: 73 °C; humidity: 10-20%) and data on HRV variables were collected before, during and after sauna.Time and frequency-domain HRV variables were significantly modified (p < 0.001) by the single sauna session, with most of HRV variables tending to return near to baseline values after 30 min recovery. Resting HR was lower at the end

2019 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

7. Sauna exposure leads to improved arterial compliance: Findings from a non-randomised experimental study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sauna exposure leads to improved arterial compliance: Findings from a non-randomised experimental study. Background Heat therapy has been suggested to improve cardiovascular function. However, the effects of hot sauna exposure on arterial compliance and the dynamics of blood flow and pressure have not been well documented. Thus, we investigated the short-term effects of sauna bathing on arterial stiffness and haemodynamics. Design The design was an experimental non-randomised study. Methods (...) There were 102 asymptomatic participants (mean age, 51.9 years) who had at least one cardiovascular risk factor. Participants were exposed to a single sauna session (duration: 30 min; temperature: 73℃; humidity: 10-20%). Pulse wave velocity, augmentation index, heart rate, blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, pulse pressure, augmented pressure and left ventricular ejection time were assessed before, immediately after, and 30 min after a single sauna session. Results Sauna bathing led to reductions

2018 European journal of preventive cardiology

8. Cardiovascular and Other Health Benefits of Sauna Bathing: A Review of the Evidence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cardiovascular and Other Health Benefits of Sauna Bathing: A Review of the Evidence. Sauna bathing, an activity that has been a tradition in Finland for thousands of years and mainly used for the purposes of pleasure and relaxation, is becoming increasingly popular in many other populations. Emerging evidence suggests that beyond its use for pleasure, sauna bathing may be linked to several health benefits, which include reduction in the risk of vascular diseases such as high blood pressure (...) , cardiovascular disease, and neurocognitive diseases; nonvascular conditions such as pulmonary diseases; mortality; as well as amelioration of conditions such as arthritis, headache, and flu. The beneficial effects of sauna bathing on these outcomes have been linked to its effect on circulatory, cardiovascular, and immune functions. It has been postulated that regular sauna bathing may improve cardiovascular function via improved endothelium-dependent dilatation, reduced arterial stiffness, modulation

2018 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

9. Sauna bathing reduces the risk of stroke in Finnish men and women: A prospective cohort study. (Abstract)

Sauna bathing reduces the risk of stroke in Finnish men and women: A prospective cohort study. To assess the association between frequency of sauna bathing and risk of future stroke.Baseline habits of sauna bathing were assessed in 1,628 adult men and women aged 53-74 years (mean age, 62.7 years) without a known history of stroke in the Finnish Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease prospective cohort study. Three sauna bathing frequency groups were defined: 1, 2-3, and 4-7 sessions per week. Hazard (...) ratios (HRs) (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) were estimated for incident stroke.During a median follow-up of 14.9 years, 155 incident stroke events were recorded. Compared with participants who had one sauna bathing session per week, the age- and sex-adjusted HR (95% CI) for stroke was 0.39 (0.18-0.83) for participants who had 4-7 sauna sessions per week. After further adjustment for established cardiovascular risk factors and other potential confounders, the corresponding HR (95% CI) was 0.39 (0.18

2018 Neurology

10. Sauna bathing is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality and improves risk prediction in men and women: a prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sauna bathing is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality and improves risk prediction in men and women: a prospective cohort study. Previous evidence indicates that sauna bathing is related to a reduced risk of fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in men. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between sauna habits and CVD mortality in men and women, and whether adding information on sauna habits to conventional cardiovascular risk factors is associated (...) with improvement in prediction of CVD mortality risk.Sauna bathing habits were assessed at baseline in a sample of 1688 participants (mean age 63; range 53-74 years), of whom 51.4% were women. Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated to investigate the relationships of frequency and duration of sauna use with CVD mortality.A total of 181 fatal CVD events occurred during a median follow-up of 15.0 years (interquartile range, 14.1-15.9). The risk of CVD mortality decreased linearly

2018 BMC Medicine

11. Safety and tolerability of sauna detoxification for the protracted withdrawal symptoms of substance abuse Full Text available with Trip Pro

Safety and tolerability of sauna detoxification for the protracted withdrawal symptoms of substance abuse Protracted drug withdrawal symptoms can last months or years after drug cessation, often precipitating a return to substance misuse. We evaluated the safety and preliminary health benefits of a unique chemical exposure regimen based on exercise, sauna and therapeutic nutrients.This was a prospective evaluation of 109 individuals sequentially enrolled into a sauna detoxification component (...) of a multi-modal, long-term residential substance abuse treatment centre.Data from medical charts, client self-reports and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) responses indicated that the Hubbard sauna detoxification method was well tolerated, with a 99% completion rate, including one human immunodeficiency virus and nine hepatitis C positive clients. There were no cases of dehydration, overhydration or heat illness. Statistically significant improvements were seen in both mental and physical SF-36 scores

2018 The Journal of international medical research

12. Feasibility and Safety in the Management of Fluid Overload in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients Through Sweat Stimulation With the Use of Portable Sauna Bath, Pilot Study

Feasibility and Safety in the Management of Fluid Overload in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients Through Sweat Stimulation With the Use of Portable Sauna Bath, Pilot Study Feasibility and Safety in the Management of Fluid Overload in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients Through Sweat Stimulation With the Use of Portable Sauna Bath, Pilot Study - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x (...) × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Feasibility and Safety in the Management of Fluid Overload in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients Through Sweat Stimulation With the Use of Portable Sauna Bath, Pilot Study (SWEAT) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been

2018 Clinical Trials

13. Sauna Bathing to Improve Vascular Health of Adults With Heart Disease

Sauna Bathing to Improve Vascular Health of Adults With Heart Disease Sauna Bathing to Improve Vascular Health of Adults With Heart Disease - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Sauna Bathing (...) : Montreal Heart Institute Information provided by (Responsible Party): Montreal Heart Institute Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study is a clinical trial that will determine if sauna bathing improves blood vessel health in adults aged 50-70 years with heart disease. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Coronary Artery Disease Other: Lifestyle intervention Not Applicable Detailed Description: Mounting evidence suggests that heat therapy may improve cardiovascular

2018 Clinical Trials

14. Characteristics of sauna deaths in Korea in relation to different blood alcohol concentrations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Characteristics of sauna deaths in Korea in relation to different blood alcohol concentrations Although the benefits of sauna bathing have been demonstrated in epidemiological studies, sauna deaths have been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and forensic characteristics associated with different blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) in sauna deaths in Korea. In this retrospective analysis, data were collected from a nationwide pool in Korea between January 2008 (...) and December 2015 to determine the role of alcohol intoxication in sauna deaths based on the subjects' BAC and to evaluate the demographic and forensic characteristics associated with different BACs. One hundred and three deaths were classified into 2 groups: the non-intoxication (NI) group (BAC,<0.08%; n = 27) and the intoxication (I) group (BAC,≥0.08%; n = 76). Demographic and forensic characteristics were compared between the groups using a multinomial logistic regression analysis. The proportions

2018 Forensic science, medicine, and pathology

15. Longitudinal associations of sauna bathing with inflammation and oxidative stress: The KIHD prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Longitudinal associations of sauna bathing with inflammation and oxidative stress: The KIHD prospective cohort study. We sought to determine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of frequency of sauna bathing with high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), fibrinogen, leucocyte count and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT).Baseline sauna bathing habits were assessed in 2269 men aged 42-61 years. Concentrations of hsCRP, fibrinogen, leucocyte count, and GGT were determined at baseline (...) and 11 years later. The associations of sauna bathing frequency with baseline and 11-year hsCRP, fibrinogen, leucocyte count, and GGT levels were examined using robust multivariate regression analyses.In baseline analysis, 4-7 sauna sessions/week (compared with 1 sauna session/week) was associated with -0.84 mg/l (95% CI, -1.55, -0.14; p = .019) lower hsCRP; -0.07 g/l (95% CI, -0.15, 0.02; p = .112) lower fibrinogen; and -0.28 × 109/l (95% CI, -0.51, -0.06; p = .015) lower leucocyte count, after

2018 Annals of Medicine

16. Evaluation of Post-Exposure Sauna Treatment of Firefighters

Evaluation of Post-Exposure Sauna Treatment of Firefighters Evaluation of Post-Exposure Sauna Treatment of Firefighters - A Pilot Study - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Evaluation of Post (...) -Exposure Sauna Treatment of Firefighters - A Pilot Study The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03429348 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : February 12, 2018 Last Update Posted : January 3, 2019 See

2018 Clinical Trials

17. Sauna exposure immediately prior to short-term heat acclimation accelerates phenotypic adaptation in females. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sauna exposure immediately prior to short-term heat acclimation accelerates phenotypic adaptation in females. Investigate whether a sauna exposure prior to short-term heat acclimation (HA) accelerates phenotypic adaptation in females.Randomised, repeated measures, cross-over trial.Nine females performed two 5-d HA interventions (controlled hyperthermia Tre≥38.5°C), separated by 7-wk, during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle confirmed by plasma concentrations of 17-β estradiol (...) and progesterone. Prior to each 90-min HA session participants sat for 20-min in either a temperate environment (20°C, 40% RH; HAtemp) wearing shorts and sports bra or a hot environment (50°C, 30% RH) wearing a sauna suit to replicate sauna conditions (HAsauna). Participants performed a running heat tolerance test (RHTT) 24-h pre and 24-h post HA.Mean heart rate (HR) (85±4 vs. 68±5 bpm, p≤0.001), sweat rate (0.4±0.2 vs. 0.0±0.0Lh-1, p≤0.001), and thermal sensation (6±0 vs. 5±1, p=0.050) were higher during

2018 Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Controlled trial quality: uncertain

18. Joint associations of sauna bathing and cardiorespiratory fitness on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality risk: a long-term prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Joint associations of sauna bathing and cardiorespiratory fitness on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality risk: a long-term prospective cohort study. We aimed to evaluate the joint impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and frequency of sauna bathing (FSB) on the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality.CRF measured by respiratory gas analyses and sauna exposure were assessed at baseline in a prospective study of 2277 men. CRF was categorized as low and high (median cut-offs) and FSB (...) for high CRF & high FSB; high CRF & low FSB; and low CRF & high FSB were 0.42 (0.28-0.62), 0.50 (0.39-0.63) and 0.72 (0.54-0.97), respectively. For all-cause mortality, the corresponding HRs were 0.60 (0.48-0.76), 0.63 (0.54-0.74) and 0.78 (0.64-0.96), respectively.A combination of high CRF and frequent sauna bathing confers stronger long-term protection on mortality outcomes compared with high CRF or high FSB alone. KEY MESSAGES Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and frequency of sauna bathing

2017 Annals of Medicine

19. Frequent sauna bathing may reduce the risk of pneumonia in middle-aged Caucasian men: The KIHD prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Frequent sauna bathing may reduce the risk of pneumonia in middle-aged Caucasian men: The KIHD prospective cohort study. Emerging evidence suggests sauna bathing to be linked with numerous health benefits. Having frequent sauna baths has been found to be associated with reduced risk of acute and chronic disease conditions. Sauna bathing may reduce the risk of respiratory diseases; however, the evidence is uncertain. We aimed to assess the association of frequency of sauna bathing with risk (...) of pneumonia.Baseline sauna bathing habits were assessed by administration of questionnaires in a prospective cohort of 2210 men aged 42-61 years.During a median follow-up of 25.6 years, 375 hospital diagnosed cases of pneumonia were recorded. In age-adjusted analyses, the hazard ratios (HRs) 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of pneumonia were 0.67 (0.53-0.83) and 0.53 (0.34-0.84) for participants who had 2-3 and ≥4 sauna sessions per week respectively compared with participants who had ≤ 1 sauna session per week

2017 Respiratory medicine

20. Multiple organ dysfunction due to heatstroke after sauna: case report and review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple organ dysfunction due to heatstroke after sauna: case report and review of the literature Heatstroke usually occurs in summer during heat waves, and few cases occur in winter. We report the case of a 26-year-old man who went through multiple organ dysfunction after sauna in January, and finally was diagnosed as heatstroke.

2017 JRSM open

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