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Review of Systems

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101. What is the role of cultural intelligence in systems leadership?

What is the role of cultural intelligence in systems leadership? Knowledge & Library Services (KLS) Evidence Briefing What is the role of cultural intelligence in systems leadership? Nicola Pearce-Smith May 20 th 2020 What is the role of cultural intelligence in systems leadership? KLS Evidence Briefing May 20 th 2020 This briefing summarises the evidence on the relationship between cultural intelligence and leadership, from January 1 st 2009 to March 10th 2020. Key messages • Cultural (...) Intelligence (CQ) captures a person’s capability to adapt effectively to new cultural contexts • No articles relating CQ and systems leadership specifically were found, but there were papers looking at CQ and leadership in general • CQ is comprised of four factors – behavioural, cognitive, metacognitive and motivational • The 20-item CQ scale has been utilised the most for measurement of CQ • Leaders with CQ can impact their team interaction, which leads to trust, a significant indicator of performance

2020 Public Health England - Evidence Briefings

102. Classification systems for lower extremity amputation prediction in subjects with active diabetic foot ulcer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Classification systems for lower extremity amputation prediction in subjects with active diabetic foot ulcer: a systematic review and meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2014 DARE.

103. Do either early warning systems or emergency response teams improve hospital patient survival? A systematic review

Do either early warning systems or emergency response teams improve hospital patient survival? A systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2014 DARE.

104. Airglove air warming system for venous access

invited from clinical specialists working in the field and relevant patient organisations. The comments received are individual opinions and do not represent NICE's view. Three specialists and 1 additional reviewer commented on the technology. Airglove air warming system for venous access (MIB151) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 5 of 8Level of innovation The additional reviewer had used the technology (...) groups who would particularly benefit from this technology. Potential system impact A reduction in staff time spent on getting venous access and a better patient experience were identified as potential system benefits. One expert further noted that repeated failed attempts at cannulation can increase the risk of infection and thrombosis. The technology was considered likely to be cost saving by 1 expert, cost incurring by 2, and cost neutral to potentially saving by the additional reviewer. General

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

105. Axonics sacral neuromodulation system for overactive bladder and faecal incontinence

by contacting mibs@nice.org.uk. Axonics sacral neuromodulation system for overactive bladder and faecal incontinence (MIB164) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 6 of 13Published evidence One post-market clinical follow-up study involving 51 people with overactive bladder, and a single- centre case series involving 5 people with faecal incontinence, are summarised in this briefing. Two publications reviewing (...) the procedural and technical considerations of the rechargeable sacral neuromodulation (SNM) device were also identified but are not included in this briefing. One of these was based on 1 clinician's experience of 11 Axonics SNM system implant cases, done at a single Canadian centre. The other was an expert review done by urologists from a centre in the US. T able 2 summarises the clinical evidence as well as its strengths and limitations. Overall assessment of the evidence Two of the publications included

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

106. Use of Topical and Systemic Retinoids in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Update and Review of the Current Literature. (Abstract)

Use of Topical and Systemic Retinoids in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Update and Review of the Current Literature. Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are at an increased risk of epithelial malignancies, mainly squamous cell carcinoma, and its precursor lesions such as actinic keratoses, warts, and porokeratosis, which may respond to retinoid therapy.To review the published evidence on the efficacy and safety of topical and systemic retinoids for the treatment and prophylaxis (...) of malignant and premalignant conditions that mostly afflict SOTRs.Systematic review of the literature to summarize the level of evidence and grade of recommendation for retinoid therapy with emphasis in the SOTR population.Acitretin has the highest strength of recommendation (Grade A) for prophylaxis of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and treatment and prophylaxis of actinic keratoses in SOTR. In nonimmunosuppressed patients, acitretin and isotretinoin have a Grade B recommendation for treatment

2019 Dermatologic Surgery

107. From Focal Lipid Storage to Systemic Inflammation: JACC Review Topic of the Week. (Abstract)

From Focal Lipid Storage to Systemic Inflammation: JACC Review Topic of the Week. Concepts of atherogenesis have evolved considerably with time. Early animal experiments showed that a cholesterol-rich diet could induce fatty lesion formation in arteries. The elucidation of lipoprotein metabolism ultimately led to demonstrating the clinical benefits of lipid lowering. The view of atheromata as bland accumulations of smooth muscle cells that elaborated an extracellular matrix that could entrap

2019 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

108. A review of measurement practice in studies of clinical decision support systems 1998-2017. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A review of measurement practice in studies of clinical decision support systems 1998-2017. To assess measurement practice in clinical decision support evaluation studies.We identified empirical studies evaluating clinical decision support systems published from 1998 to 2017. We reviewed titles, abstracts, and full paper contents for evidence of attention to measurement validity, reliability, or reuse. We used Friedman and Wyatt's typology to categorize the studies.There were 391 studies (...) in problem impact studies with the majority of measures being clinical or patient reported outcomes with validity measured elsewhere.Measurement methodology is frequently ignored in empirical studies of clinical decision support systems and particularly so in field user effect studies. Authors may in fact be attending to measurement considerations and not reporting this or employing methods of unknown validity and reliability in their studies. In the latter case, reported study results may be biased

2019 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

109. Herb induced liver injury after using herbal medicine: A systemic review and case-control study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Herb induced liver injury after using herbal medicine: A systemic review and case-control study. In Taiwan, traditional herbal medication was included in Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) system since 1996 and in 9 out of 10 hospitals have developed their own departments of traditional medicine. This study aims to address the herb-induced liver injury (HILI) after using herbal medicine on the relationship between age, gender, epidemiology, laboratory data, pathogenesis, mobility (...) , and mortality.We searched the PubMed database with "hepatitis after herbal medicine" and "in human" till 2018 April and returned 163 articles in a systemic review manner. Two cases reports describing in-vitro liver injury were excluded. Reviews and articles without the detailed report, laboratory data and history were excluded from this study. In the end, there were 53 articles enrolled in this study. These enrolled literatures are from France (n = 13), Germany (n = 12), Switzerland (n = 5) United States

2019 Medicine

110. Implementing advance care planning with community-dwelling frail elders requires a system-wide approach: An integrative review applying a behaviour change model. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Implementing advance care planning with community-dwelling frail elders requires a system-wide approach: An integrative review applying a behaviour change model. Facilitating advance care planning with community-dwelling frail elders can be challenging. Notably, frail elders' vulnerability to sudden deterioration leads to uncertainty in recognising the timing and focus of advance care planning conversations.To understand how advance care planning can be better implemented for community-dwelling (...) frail elders and to develop a conceptual model to underpin intervention development.A structured integrative review of relevant literature.CINAHL, Embase, Ovid Medline, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and University of York Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Further strategies included searching for policy and clinical documents, grey literature, and hand-searching reference lists. Literature was searched from 1990 until October 2018.From 3043 potential papers, 42 were included. Twenty-nine were

2019 Palliative medicine

111. Understanding patient engagement in health system decision-making: a co-designed scoping review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Understanding patient engagement in health system decision-making: a co-designed scoping review. With healthcare striving to shift to a more person-centered delivery model, patient and family involvement must have a bigger role in shaping this. While many initiatives involving patients and family members focus on self-care, a broader understanding of patient participation is necessary. Ensuring a viable and sustainable critical number of qualified patients and family members to support (...) this shift will be of utmost importance. The purpose of this study was to understand how health systems are intentionally investing in the training and skill development of patients and family members.Patient co-investigators and researchers conducted a scoping review of the existing literature on methods adopted by healthcare systems to build the skills and capacity of patients to participate in healthcare decision-making using a recognized methodological framework. Six electronic databases were

2019 Systematic reviews

112. The impact of income support systems on healthcare quality and functional capacity in workers with low back pain: a realist review protocol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of income support systems on healthcare quality and functional capacity in workers with low back pain: a realist review protocol. Low back pain is the greatest contributor to the global burden of disease and can result in work disability. Previous literature has examined the influence of personal factors, the healthcare system, workplace, and income support systems on work disability due to low back pain. Income support systems may also influence healthcare and the workplace, leading (...) to an impact on healthcare quality and functional capacity. However, there has been little insight as to how or in what contexts this influence occurs. This realist review aims to provide an explanation of how and in what contexts income support systems impact the healthcare quality and functional capacity of people who are unable to work due to low back pain.Realist reviews are a type of literature review that seek to determine how and in what contexts a social programme such as income support leads

2019 Systematic reviews

113. Systemic therapy in cervical cancer: 30 years in review. (Abstract)

Systemic therapy in cervical cancer: 30 years in review. Advanced-inoperable cervical cancer is a challenging entity due to increased percentage of locoregional and distant recurrences. Furthermore, recurrent cervical cancer not amenable to radical treatment as well as de novo metastatic disease are considered incurable with dismal prognosis. Well-designed clinical trials conducted during the last 30 years have revealed the active chemotherapeutic agents as well as their optimal combinations

2019 Critical reviews in oncology/hematology

114. Associations between patient and system characteristics and MET review within 48 h of admission to a teaching hospital: A retrospective cohort study. (Abstract)

Associations between patient and system characteristics and MET review within 48 h of admission to a teaching hospital: A retrospective cohort study. The Medical Emergency Team (MET) has enhanced the recognition and response to clinical deterioration in acute healthcare. However, patients reviewed by the MET are at increased risk of in-hospital death. Identifying patients at risk of deterioration may improve patient outcomes. AIM: To identify patient demographic, medical characteristics (...) and healthcare systems and processes at the time of admission (baseline), associated with Medical Emergency Team (MET) review within 48 h (MET-48 h) of admission. METHODS: Single-site, year-long, retrospective cohort comprising patients admitted for at least 24 h, using routinely collected hospital data. A three-stage modelling approach was used to identify baseline factors associated with MET-48 h RESULTS: The study included 15,695 patients with mean age 62.1 years (SD 19.6), male (53.5%), born in Australia

2019 European journal of internal medicine

115. Conceptual analysis of health systems resilience: A scoping review. (Abstract)

Conceptual analysis of health systems resilience: A scoping review. System resilience has long been an area of study, and the term has become increasingly used across different sectors. Studies on resilience in health systems are more recent, multiplying particularly since the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. The World Health Organization (WHO) is calling for national governments to increase the resilience of their health systems. Concepts help define research objects and guide the analysis (...) . Yet, to be useful, concepts need to be clear and precise. We aimed to improve the conceptual understanding of health systems resilience by conducting a scoping review to describe the state of knowledge in this area. We searched for literature in 10 databases, and analyzed data using a list of themes. We evaluated the clarity and the precision of the concept of health systems resilience using Daigneault & Jacob's three dimensions of a concept: term, sense, and referent. Of the 1091 documents

2019 Social Science & Medicine

116. Multiple food-borne trematodiases with profound systemic involvement: a case report and literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple food-borne trematodiases with profound systemic involvement: a case report and literature review. Food-borne trematodiases are an important group of neglected global diseases. Affected patients in regions with low prevalence usually experience delayed diagnosis, especially when presenting with atypical clinical symptoms. Here, we presented a rare case of a Chinese patient infected with three food-borne trematodiases.A 42-year-old man presented with diarrhea, lower extremity edema (...) stool examination, from which eggs of Clonorchis sinensis, Heterophyidae and Echinostomatidae were identified. Deposition of Clonorchis sinensis eggs was also observed from ileocecal squash slides. The patient was successfully treated with three cycles of praziquantel.Food-borne trematodiases may present with systemic involvement. Patients with dietary history of high risk or atypical ingestions should be evaluated for parasitic infection, even in non-endemic areas.

2019 BMC Infectious Diseases

117. Context-Aware Systems for Chronic Disease Patients: Scoping Review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Context-Aware Systems for Chronic Disease Patients: Scoping Review. Context-aware systems, also known as context-sensitive systems, are computing applications designed to capture, interpret, and use contextual information and provide adaptive services according to the current context of use. Context-aware systems have the potential to support patients with chronic conditions; however, little is known about how such systems have been utilized to facilitate patient work.This study aimed (...) to characterize the different tasks and contexts in which context-aware systems for patient work were used as well as to assess any existing evidence about the impact of such systems on health-related process or outcome measures.A total of 6 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ACM Digital, Web of Science, and Scopus) were scanned using a predefined search strategy. Studies were included in the review if they focused on patients with chronic conditions, involved the use of a context-aware system to support

2019 Journal of medical Internet research

118. Persuasive System Design Principles and Behavior Change Techniques to Stimulate Motivation and Adherence in Electronic Health Interventions to Support Weight Loss Maintenance: Scoping Review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Persuasive System Design Principles and Behavior Change Techniques to Stimulate Motivation and Adherence in Electronic Health Interventions to Support Weight Loss Maintenance: Scoping Review. Maintaining weight after weight loss is a major health challenge, and eHealth (electronic health) solutions may be a way to meet this challenge. Application of behavior change techniques (BCTs) and persuasive system design (PSD) principles in eHealth development may contribute to the design of technologies (...) that positively influence behavior and motivation to support the sustainable health behavior change needed.This review aimed to identify BCTs and PSD principles applied in eHealth interventions to support weight loss and weight loss maintenance, as well as techniques and principles applied to stimulate motivation and adherence for long-term weight loss maintenance.A systematic literature search was conducted in PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE (including PubMed), EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and AMED, from January 1

2019 Journal of medical Internet research

119. Strategizing health technology assessment for containment of cancer drug costs in a universal health care system: Case of the pan-Canadian oncology drug review. (Abstract)

Strategizing health technology assessment for containment of cancer drug costs in a universal health care system: Case of the pan-Canadian oncology drug review. A universal health care system has been a source of both identity and pride for Canadians for the last 6 decades. Currently, Canada actively negotiates the prices of cancer drugs but is not immune to their overwhelming financial toxicities. Prices of cancer drugs are set to ensure maximal profit based on what the market will bear rather (...) than by the value they offer or solely because of the cost of research and development, as often is claimed by the manufacturers. The pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review (pCODR) is mandated to provide funding recommendations to Canada's provinces and territories. For the most part, the pCODR has been crucial in assessing the cost-effectiveness and feasibility of new drugs in the Canadian context but it could assist more in safeguarding payers against extreme drug costs. Herein, the author suggests

2019 Cancer

120. Renal Denervation Update From the International Sympathetic Nervous System Summit: JACC State-of-the-Art Review. (Abstract)

Renal Denervation Update From the International Sympathetic Nervous System Summit: JACC State-of-the-Art Review. Three recent renal denervation studies in both drug-naïve and drug-treated hypertensive patients demonstrated a significant reduction of ambulatory blood pressure compared with respective sham control groups. Improved trial design, selection of relevant patient cohorts, and optimized interventional procedures have likely contributed to these positive findings. However, substantial (...) variability in the blood pressure response to renal denervation can still be observed and remains a challenging and important problem. The International Sympathetic Nervous System Summit was convened to bring together experts in both experimental and clinical medicine to discuss the current evidence base, novel developments in our understanding of neural interplay, procedural aspects, monitoring of technical success, and others. Identification of relevant trends in the field and initiation of tailored

2019 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

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