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261. Myocarditis Associated with Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Myocarditis Associated with Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature BACKGROUND Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a clinical syndrome that can be life-threatening, depending on the organs involved. Although DRESS commonly presents with skin lesions, myocarditis and pericarditis associated with DRESS, although rare, can be fatal. A case of DRESS associated with myocarditis is presented (...) with a review of the literature of 43 reported cases of DRESS associated with myocarditis that included the present case, to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment of DRESS with corticosteroids. CASE REPORT A 33-year-old man presented with fever, diarrhea, and a diffuse maculopapular rash, four weeks after being treated with antibiotics and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). He developed renal failure, liver dysfunction, and profound hypotension with severe left ventricular dysfunction

2018 The American journal of case reports

262. Scoping Review of Systems to Train Psychomotor Skills in Hearing Impaired Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Scoping Review of Systems to Train Psychomotor Skills in Hearing Impaired Children The aim of this work is to provide a scoping review to compile and classify the systems helping train and enhance psychomotor skills in hearing impaired (HI) children.Based on an exhaustive review on psychomotor deficits in HI children, the procedure used to carry out a scoping review was: select keywords and identify synonyms, select databases and prepare the queries using keywords, analyze the quality (...) of the works found using the PEDro Scale, classify the works based on psychomotor competences, analyze the interactive systems (e.g., sensors), and the achieved results.Thirteen works were found. These works used a variety of sensors and input devices such as cameras, contact sensors, touch screens, mouse and keyboard, tangible objects, haptic and virtual reality (VR) devices.From the research it was possible to contextualize the deficits and psychomotor problems of HI children that prevent their normal

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

263. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Their Potential Therapeutic Role in Cardiovascular System Disorders—A Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Their Potential Therapeutic Role in Cardiovascular System Disorders—A Review Cardiovascular diseases are described as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in modern societies. Therefore, the importance of cardiovascular diseases prevention is widely reflected in the increasing number of reports on the topic among the key scientific research efforts of the recent period. The importance of essential fatty acids (EFAs) has been recognized in the fields

2018 Nutrients

264. Evolution of Iran’s health research system over the past 50 years: a narrative review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evolution of Iran’s health research system over the past 50 years: a narrative review A substantial growth has been reported in Iran's health research output over the last recent decades, throughout the times of economic, social, and political instability. This study reviewed the existing literature to provide a better understanding of the evolution of Iran's health research system over this period.A narrative review of studies addressing health research system (HRS) in Iran was performed (...) the funding allocation mechanisms; improving the education curriculum; and promoting the use of evidence. The findings emphasized that improvement of HRS functions requires addressing context-specific problems. This review provides essential lessons to share with other low- and middle-income countries and international organizations, eg, the WHO.

2018 Journal of global health

265. Smart Contract-Based Review System for an IoT Data Marketplace Full Text available with Trip Pro

Smart Contract-Based Review System for an IoT Data Marketplace Internet of Things (IoT)-based devices, especially those used for home automation, consist of their own sensors and generate many logs during a process. Enterprises producing IoT devices convert these log data into more useful data through secondary processing; thus, they require data from the device users. Recently, a platform for data sharing has been developed because the demand for IoT data increases. Several IoT data (...) marketplaces are based on peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, and in this type of marketplace, it is difficult for an enterprise to trust a data owner or the data they want to trade. Therefore, in this study, we propose a review system that can confirm the reputation of a data owner or the data traded in the P2P data marketplace. The traditional server-client review systems have many drawbacks, such as security vulnerability or server administrator's malicious behavior. However, the review system developed

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

266. Endoscopic Management of Lacrimal System Dysgenesis and Dacryocystoceles in Fraser Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Endoscopic Management of Lacrimal System Dysgenesis and Dacryocystoceles in Fraser Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review Fraser syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized primarily by syndactyly, cryptophthalmos, urinary tract anomalies, ambiguous genitalia, and laryngeal anomalies. A 28-year-old man with Fraser syndrome presented with cryptophthalmos, microphthalmia, lacrimal system dysgenesis, and chronic sinusitis.The patients' clinical condition and surgical treatment (...) are described. A literature review was conducted, and articles relevant to the case are presented.Case report.To our knowledge, this is the first published case report of endonasal management of dacryocystoceles in a Fraser syndrome patient. The patient was treated via endoscopic endonasal marsupialization and drainage.Fraser syndrome patients may initially present to many different specialties as the spectrum of clinical manifestations is broad. Physicians treating these patients should take

2018 Allergy & Rhinology

267. An updated review on factors and their inter-linked influences on photovoltaic system performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

An updated review on factors and their inter-linked influences on photovoltaic system performance Globally installed solar photovoltaics (PV) capacity has crossed three hundred gigawatts and is increasing each year. As the share of solar PV in the energy mix of a country increases, forecasting PV power available will be crucial. To forecast the instantaneous and long-term PV power output, understanding the factors influencing them is necessary. In this view, this work elaborates on the factors (...) that impact the PV system through tabulation and graphical explanation. Further, a discussion of the articles related to the dust-induced change in performance is made. To understand the impact of dust on solar PV systems in depth, advanced instrumentation and methodologies have been used in the past few years. One of the methods is the measurement of spectral transmittance/reflectance/absorptance of the dust layer on the PV panel. This has led to the question whether a thin layer of some specific dust

2018 Heliyon

268. Combined modality treatment in mesothelioma: a systemic literature review with treatment recommendations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Combined modality treatment in mesothelioma: a systemic literature review with treatment recommendations In spite of recent progress, malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) remains synonymous with poor prognosis. A selected minority (<10%) of patients is eligible for a radical treatment with a combination of systemic chemotherapy (CT) and/or surgery and/or radiotherapy (RT), in an effort to maintain locoregional tumor control after achieving a macroscopically complete resection (MCR). However (...) or mentioning this treatment option. In this systematic review, we analyze the available data in order to address the following questions: Is combined modality better than single modality? What is the optimal regimen within each modality? What is the optimal sequence of combined modality?

2018 Translational Lung Cancer Research

269. Orbital decompression in the system of treatment for complicated thyroid eye disease: case report and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Orbital decompression in the system of treatment for complicated thyroid eye disease: case report and literature review Orbital decompression is a surgical procedure aimed at increasing the orbital volume and/or decreasing the volume of the orbital fat. The indications for orbital decompression are determined in the course of thorough eye examination. An important objective of examination of a patient with thyroid eye disease (TED) is determination of inflammation activity and severity. Orbital (...) and strabismus. In addition, other parameters may change as well, including the position of the globe, the eyelids, the angle of deviation of the eye, and intraocular pressure. Thus, bone orbital decompression is a major step of a comprehensive, often multistage, system of rehabilitation of patients with severe refractory TED.

2018 International medical case reports journal

270. Acute liver failure secondary to severe systemic disease from fatal hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: Case report and systematic literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute liver failure secondary to severe systemic disease from fatal hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: Case report and systematic literature review To systematically review liver disease associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), propose reasonable contraindications for liver transplantation for liver failure in HLH, and report an illustrative case.Systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines of hepatic manifestations of HLH using computerized literature search via PubMed (...) of articles published since 1980 with keywords ("hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis" or "HLH") AND ("liver" or "hepatic"). Two authors independently performed literature search and incorporated articles into this review by consensus. Illustrative case report presented based on review of medical chart, and expert re-review of endoscopic photographs, radiologic images, and pathologic slides.A 47-year-old Caucasian male, was hospitalized with high-grade pyrexia, rash, total bilirubin = 45 g/dL, moderately

2018 World journal of hepatology

271. Salivarian Trypanosomosis: A Review of Parasites Involved, Their Global Distribution and Their Interaction With the Innate and Adaptive Mammalian Host Immune System Full Text available with Trip Pro

Salivarian Trypanosomosis: A Review of Parasites Involved, Their Global Distribution and Their Interaction With the Innate and Adaptive Mammalian Host Immune System Salivarian trypanosomes are single cell extracellular parasites that cause infections in a wide range of hosts. Most pathogenic infections worldwide are caused by one of four major species of trypanosomes including (i) Trypanosoma brucei and the human infective subspecies T. b. gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense, (ii) Trypanosoma (...) evansi and T. equiperdum, (iii) Trypanosoma congolense and (iv) Trypanosoma vivax. Infections with these parasites are marked by excessive immune dysfunction and immunopathology, both related to prolonged inflammatory host immune responses. Here we review the classification and global distribution of these parasites, highlight the adaptation of human infective trypanosomes that allow them to survive innate defense molecules unique to man, gorilla, and baboon serum and refer to the discovery of sexual

2018 Frontiers in immunology

272. A review of dual health care system use by veterans with cardiometabolic disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

A review of dual health care system use by veterans with cardiometabolic disease Many Veterans Affairs (VA) patients with the complications of cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) use both VA and community providers and facilities outside of VA. Although dual health care systems increase care options, dual use also increases coordination needs. The fragmentation and duplication of health care due to the use of multiple facilities and providers may hinder effective care coordination, result in less (...) efficient and more costly care, and lead to poorer outcomes. This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews the evidence on dual use of VA and community health care by Veterans for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF), and diabetes mellitus, the most common CMS complications requiring acute care and post-acute care services. A total of 179 articles were identified. After screening the full texts or abstracts of the 179 articles, 11 studies met

2018 Journal of hospital management and health policy

273. The 8th lung cancer TNM classification and clinical staging system: review of the changes and clinical implications Full Text available with Trip Pro

The 8th lung cancer TNM classification and clinical staging system: review of the changes and clinical implications Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women. Clinical staging plays a crucial role in predicting survivor as well as influencing management option in lung cancer patients. Guidelines are constantly being reviewed as more data becomes available to provide the most accurate prognostic markers, hence aiding in the clinical detection and staging of lung

2018 Quantitative imaging in medicine and surgery

274. Liquid biopsy and PCR-free ultrasensitive detection systems in oncology (Review) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Liquid biopsy and PCR-free ultrasensitive detection systems in oncology (Review) In oncology, liquid biopsy is used in the detection of next-generation analytes, such as tumor cells, cell-free nucleic acids and exosomes in peripheral blood and other body fluids from cancer patients. It is considered one of the most advanced non-invasive diagnostic systems to enable clinically relevant actions and implement precision medicine. Medical actions include, but are not limited to, early diagnosis (...) . For these reasons, the analysis of cfDNA has been mostly focused on mutations arising in, and pathognomonicity of, tumor DNA, while the analysis of cfRNA has been mostly focused on miRNA patterns strongly associated with neoplastic transformation/progression. This review lists some major applicative areas, briefly addresses how technology is bypassing liquid biopsy limitations, and places a particular emphasis on novel, PCR-free platforms. The ongoing collaborative efforts of major international consortia

2018 International journal of oncology

275. Late-Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus With Lupus Nephritis in a 74-Year-Old Male: A Brief Case and Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Late-Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus With Lupus Nephritis in a 74-Year-Old Male: A Brief Case and Review Late-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) represents a specific subgroup of SLE, and although there is no strict age cut-off, 50 years is commonly used as the minimum age for disease onset. In this report, we present a case of a 74-year-old male with late-onset SLE and biopsy-proven lupus nephritis (LN).A 74-year-old male was referred to the nephrology clinic with a rapidly rising

2018 Canadian journal of kidney health and disease

276. Global service learning and health systems strengthening: An integrative literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Global service learning and health systems strengthening: An integrative literature review The sustainability of many global interventions, in the absence of adequate local financial and human resources to sustain them in the long term, is questioned. In response, there has been a shift in focus among global health actors towards the strengthening of local health systems via global service learning to effectively, efficiently and sustainably deliver healthcare and build capacity. There has been (...) considerable research examining the benefits of global service learning experiences for students, but limited research has been conducted to determine the impact that health sciences global service learning experiences are having on the host country health systems.An integrative review of the literature was conducted to examine the linkages between global service-learning and health systems strengthening. A comprehensive search of international literature from 2005 to 2017 in PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, ERIC

2018 Heliyon

277. Argus II retinal prosthesis system: a review of patient selection criteria, surgical considerations, and post-operative outcomes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Argus II retinal prosthesis system: a review of patient selection criteria, surgical considerations, and post-operative outcomes Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a group of heterogeneous inherited retinal degenerative disorders characterized by progressive rod and cone dysfunction and ensuing photoreceptor loss. Many patients suffer from legal blindness by their 40s or 50s. Artificial vision is considered once patients have lost all vision to the point of bare light perception or no light (...) perception. The Argus II retinal prosthesis system is one such artificial vision device approved for patients with RP. This review focuses on the factors important for patient selection. Careful pre-operative screening, counseling, and management of patient expectations are critical for the successful implantation and visual rehabilitation of patients with the Argus II device.

2018 Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.)

278. Biomechanical analysis of plate systems for proximal humerus fractures: a systematic literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Biomechanical analysis of plate systems for proximal humerus fractures: a systematic literature review Proximal humerus fractures are the third most common in the human body but their management remains controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation with plates is one of the leading modes of operative treatment for these fractures. The development of technologies and techniques for these plates, during the recent decades, promise a bright future for their clinical use. A comprehensive (...) review of in vitro biomechanical studies is needed for the comparison of plates' mechanical performance and the testing methodologies. This will not only guide clinicians with plate selection but also with the design of future in vitro biomechanical studies. This review was aimed to systematically categorise and review the in vitro biomechanical studies of these plates based on their protocols and discuss their results. The technologies and techniques investigated in these studies were categorised

2018 Biomedical engineering online

279. XEN glaucoma treatment system in the management of refractory glaucomas: a short review on trial data and potential role in clinical practice Full Text available with Trip Pro

XEN glaucoma treatment system in the management of refractory glaucomas: a short review on trial data and potential role in clinical practice The recent development of new devices that are significantly less invasive, collectively termed minimally invasive glaucoma surgery, offers new perspective of intraocular pressure reduction with less risk, short operating times, and rapid recovery. The aim of this work is to provide a panoramic review of the currently published clinical data to assess

2018 Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.)

280. Central nervous system localisation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, description of two very distinct cases and a review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Central nervous system localisation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, description of two very distinct cases and a review of the literature Central nervous system (CNS) localisation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) can induce various neurological symptoms. Unfamiliarity with this manifestation causes diagnostic delay. We present two cases of leptomeningeal CLL. These cases and our literature review emphasise that CNS localisation of CLL should be considered in patients with any (...) neurological symptom, irrespectively of the stage and systemic activity of CLL.

2018 Annals of hematology

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