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Review of Systems

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241. Utilizing novel telepathology system in preclinical studies and peer review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Utilizing novel telepathology system in preclinical studies and peer review The demand for board certified toxicologic pathologists and expansion of IT capabilities has resulted in an increase of "virtual" and "distance" pathology (telepathology), and a need for greater flexibility in real time consultations. Newly developed microscope-integrated telepathology systems enable geographically remote stakeholders to view the live histopathology slide as seen by the microscope user. Simultaneous

2018 Journal of toxicologic pathology

242. Using EMR-enabled computerized decision support systems to reduce prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications: a narrative review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using EMR-enabled computerized decision support systems to reduce prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications: a narrative review Prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) that pose more risk than benefit in older patients is a common occurrence across all healthcare settings. Reducing such prescribing has been challenging despite multiple interventions, including educational campaigns, audits and feedback, geriatrician assessment and formulary restrictions (...) . With the increasing uptake of electronic medical records (EMRs) across hospitals, clinics and residential aged care facilities (RACFs), integrated with computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and e-prescribing, opportunities exist for incorporating clinical decision support systems (CDSS) into EMR at the point of care. This narrative review assessed the process and outcomes of using EMR-enabled CDSS to reduce the prescribing of PIMs. We searched PubMed for relevant articles published up to January 2018

2018 Therapeutic advances in drug safety

243. Real-Time Early Warning System Design for Pluvial Flash Floods—A Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Real-Time Early Warning System Design for Pluvial Flash Floods—A Review Pluvial flash floods in urban areas are becoming increasingly frequent due to climate change and human actions, negatively impacting the life, work, production and infrastructure of a population. Pluvial flooding occurs when intense rainfall overflows the limits of urban drainage and water accumulation causes hazardous flash floods. Although flash floods are hard to predict given their rapid formation, Early Warning (...) Systems (EWS) are used to minimize casualties. We performed a systematic review to define the basic structure of an EWS for rain flash floods. The structure of the review is as follows: first, Section 2 describes the most important factors that affect the intensity of pluvial flash floods during rainfall events. Section 3 defines the key elements and actors involved in an effective EWS. Section 4 reviews different EWS architectures for pluvial flash floods implemented worldwide. It was identified

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

244. A Review of PZT Patches Applications in Submerged Systems Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Review of PZT Patches Applications in Submerged Systems Submerged systems are found in many engineering, biological, and medicinal applications. For such systems, due to the particular environmental conditions and working medium, the research on the mechanical and structural properties at every scale (from macroscopic to nanoscopic), and the control of the system dynamics and induced effects become very difficult tasks. For such purposes in submerged systems, piezoelectric patches (PZTp (...) ), which are light, small and economic, have been proved to be a very good solution. PZTp have been recently used as sensors/actuators for applications such as modal analysis, active sound and vibration control, energy harvesting and atomic force microscopes in submerged systems. As a consequence, in these applications, newly developed transducers based on PZTp have become the most used ones, which has improved the state of the art and methods used in these fields. This review paper carefully analyzes

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

245. A Review on Systems-Based Sensory Gloves for Sign Language Recognition State of the Art between 2007 and 2017 Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Review on Systems-Based Sensory Gloves for Sign Language Recognition State of the Art between 2007 and 2017 Loss of the ability to speak or hear exerts psychological and social impacts on the affected persons due to the lack of proper communication. Multiple and systematic scholarly interventions that vary according to context have been implemented to overcome disability-related difficulties. Sign language recognition (SLR) systems based on sensory gloves are significant innovations that aim (...) to procure data on the shape or movement of the human hand. Innovative technology for this matter is mainly restricted and dispersed. The available trends and gaps should be explored in this research approach to provide valuable insights into technological environments. Thus, a review is conducted to create a coherent taxonomy to describe the latest research divided into four main categories: development, framework, other hand gesture recognition, and reviews and surveys. Then, we conduct analyses

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

246. A Retrospective Review of the Clinical Characteristics and Blood Glucose Data from Cellnovo System Users using Data Collected from the Cellnovo Online Platform Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Retrospective Review of the Clinical Characteristics and Blood Glucose Data from Cellnovo System Users using Data Collected from the Cellnovo Online Platform Technological advances have led to innovative insulin delivery systems for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. In particular, the combination of miniature engineering and software algorithms contained in continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) system pumps provide the user and the healthcare practitioner with an opportunity (...) to review and adjust blood glucose (BG) levels according to system feedback, and to modify or programme their regimen according to their needs. While CSII pumps record a number of data parameters such as BG level, carbohydrate intake, activity and insulin delivered, these data are generally 'locked in' and can only be accessed by uploading to a cloud-based system, thus information is not contemporaneous. The Cellnovo Diabetes Management System (Cellnovo, Bridgend, UK) allows data to be transmitted

2018 European Endocrinology

247. A fatal case of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage as the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus: A case report and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

A fatal case of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage as the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus: A case report and literature review Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare fatal pulmonary complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The clinical syndrome is characterized by hemoptysis, acute fall in hematocrit, hypoxemic respiratory failure, and diffuses pulmonary infiltrates. We describe a case of 23-year-old female who presented with Ludwig's angina that was complicated (...) by diffuse alveolar hemorrhage as the initial presentation of undiagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus. A high index of suspicion is need for prompt diagnosis and treatment in order to avoid the high mortality associated with such cases.

2018 Respiratory Medicine Case Reports

248. Sustainable Monitoring and Surveillance Systems to Improve HIV Programs: Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sustainable Monitoring and Surveillance Systems to Improve HIV Programs: Review HIV programs have provided a major impetus for investments in surveillance data, with 5-10% of HIV program budgets recommended to support data. However there are questions concerning the sustainability of these investments. The Sustainable Development Goals have consolidated health into one goal and communicable diseases into one target (Target 3.3). Sustainable Development Goals now introduce targets focused (...) specifically on data (Targets 17.18 and 17.19). Data are seen as one of the three systemic issues (in Goal 17) for implementing Sustainable Development Goals, alongside policies and partnerships. This paper reviews the surveillance priorities in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals and highlights the shift from periodic measurement towards sustainable disaggregated, real-time, case, and patient data, which are used routinely to improve programs. Finally, the key directions in developing person

2018 JMIR public health and surveillance

249. Staphylococcus Lugdunensis Endocarditis and Cerebrovascular Accident: A Systemic Review of Risk Factors and Clinical outcome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Staphylococcus Lugdunensis Endocarditis and Cerebrovascular Accident: A Systemic Review of Risk Factors and Clinical outcome Infective endocarditis (IE) secondary to Staphylococcus lugdunensis has been increasingly recognized since 1988. IE-related thromboembolism represents an associated complication of the disease and carries a dismal prognosis. However, the incidence of cerebrovascular accident secondary to S. lugdunensis IE is relatively uncommon and its treatment has not been clearly (...) elucidated yet. We performed an extensive literature search using Pubmed, Medline, Scopus, and Google Scholar to identify the articles using the following keywords: 'Staphylococcus lugdunensis', 'infective endocarditis', 'stroke', and 'cerebrovascular accident.' Patient characteristics, risk factors, severity of neurological deficit, echocardiographic findings, medical management, required surgical intervention, complications and mortality rate were reviewed in detail. Eighteen cases (mean age of 47.8

2018 Cureus

250. Multiple Myeloma of the Central Nervous System: 13 Cases and Review of the Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple Myeloma of the Central Nervous System: 13 Cases and Review of the Literature Central nervous system involvement is a rare complication of multiple myeloma with extremely poor prognosis as it usually fails to respond to therapy. We present 13 cases diagnosed at two centers in Budapest and review the current literature. The majority of our cases presented with high-risk features initially; two had plasma cell leukemia. Repeated genetic tests showed clonal evolution in 3 cases. Treatments

2018 Journal of oncology

251. Cerebral vasculitis and lateral rectus palsy – two rare central nervous system complications of dengue fever: two case reports and review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cerebral vasculitis and lateral rectus palsy – two rare central nervous system complications of dengue fever: two case reports and review of the literature Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne viral illness with a clinical spectrum ranging from a simple febrile illness to potentially life-threatening complications such as dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Dengue infection can affect many organs, including the central nervous system. The neurological manifestations (...) reported in dengue infections are meningitis, encephalitis, stroke, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome.We report the cases of two interesting patients with confirmed dengue infection who presented with complications of possible central nervous system vasculitis and cranial nerve palsy. The first patient was a 53-year-old previously healthy Singhalese woman who developed acute-onset slurring of speech and ataxia with altered sensorium 1 day after recovery from a critical

2018 Journal of medical case reports

252. A review of the Australian healthcare system: A policy perspective Full Text available with Trip Pro

A review of the Australian healthcare system: A policy perspective This article seeks to review the Australian healthcare system and compare it to similar systems in other countries to highlight the main issues and problems. A literature search for articles relating to the Australian and other developed countries' healthcare systems was conducted by using Google and the library of Victoria University, Melbourne. Data from the websites of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Australian Institute (...) of Health and Welfare, the Australian Productivity Commission, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Bank have also been used. Although care within the Australian healthcare system is among the best in the world, there is a need to change the paradigm currently being used to measure the outcomes and allocate resources. The Australian healthcare system is potentially dealing with two main problems: (a) resource allocation, and (b) performance and patient outcomes

2018 SAGE open medicine

253. A Review of Planar PIV Systems and Image Processing Tools for Lab-On-Chip Microfluidics Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Review of Planar PIV Systems and Image Processing Tools for Lab-On-Chip Microfluidics Image-based sensor systems are quite popular in micro-scale flow investigations due to their flexibility and scalability. The aim of this manuscript is to provide an overview of current technical possibilities for Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) systems and related image processing tools used in microfluidics applications. In general, the PIV systems and related image processing tools can be used (...) to extract the relevant information from the raw images. In particular, three main application areas are covered: Micro mixing, droplet formation, and flow around microscopic objects. For each application, a flow field investigation is performed using Micro-Particle Image Velocimetry (µPIV). Both two-component (2C) and three-component (3C) µPIV systems are used to generate the reported results, and a brief description of these systems are included. The results include detailed velocity, concentration

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

254. Effectiveness of corticosteroid in the treatment of dengue – A systemic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of corticosteroid in the treatment of dengue – A systemic review Corticosteroids are used therapeutically for a broad spectrum of diseases including autoimmune, allergic and inflammatory diseases. However in trials, the evidence for using corticosteroids in dengue is inconclusive and the quality of evidence is low. This systemic review is conducted to review clinical trials on dengue and steroid therapy to identify the current strength and weakness of evidence for the use (...) of corticosteroids. We searched MEDLINE/PUBMED and Google scholar for publications on steroid use in dengue and the relevant authors of the study were contacted for additional information, as required. This review includes thirteen studies enrolling 1293 children and adult participants. There was no evidence of viremia and no significant side effects after the administration of low and high doses of oral corticosteroids and high doses of intravenous corticosteroids. Beneficial therapeutic effects were seen

2018 Heliyon

255. Systemic scleroderma and lupus panniculitis with atypical clinical features: A case report and comprehensive review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Systemic scleroderma and lupus panniculitis with atypical clinical features: A case report and comprehensive review 30246128 2019 02 26 2352-5126 4 8 2018 Sep JAAD case reports JAAD Case Rep Systemic scleroderma and lupus panniculitis with atypical clinical features: A case report and comprehensive review. 789-793 10.1016/j.jdcr.2018.03.022 Mangold Aaron R AR Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, Arizona. Costello Collin M CM Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic Arizona

2018 JAAD Case Reports

256. The Role of Polyphenols in Human Health and Food Systems: A Mini-Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Role of Polyphenols in Human Health and Food Systems: A Mini-Review This narrative mini- review summarizes current knowledge of the role of polyphenols in health outcomes-and non-communicable diseases specifically-and discusses the implications of this evidence for public health, and for future directions for public health practice, policy, and research. The publications cited originate mainly from animal models and feeding experiments, as well as human cohort and case-control studies (...) . The implications of food processing on the bioavailability of polyphenols are also assessed, in addition to the health claims and marketing of polyphenols as a functional food. Finally, this mini-review asserts the need for increased regulation and guidelines for polyphenol consumption and supplementation in order to ensure consumers remain safe and informed about polyphenols.

2018 Frontiers in nutrition

257. Furcation Involvement Classification: A Comprehensive Review and a New System Proposal Full Text available with Trip Pro

Furcation Involvement Classification: A Comprehensive Review and a New System Proposal Various classification systems have been proposed to describe furcation lesions and Glickman's classification for many years seems to have been the most widely utilized in the sole clinical diagnosis with no reference to the prognostic value of the lesion itself. This article reviews the previous classification systems and proposes a new method to classify furcation lesions based on the position

2018 Dentistry Journal

258. Topical Application of 5-Fluorouracil Associated with Distant Seborrheic Dermatitis-like Eruption: Case Report and Review of Seborrheic Dermatitis Cutaneous Reactions after Systemic or Topical Treatment with 5-Fluorouracil Full Text available with Trip Pro

Topical Application of 5-Fluorouracil Associated with Distant Seborrheic Dermatitis-like Eruption: Case Report and Review of Seborrheic Dermatitis Cutaneous Reactions after Systemic or Topical Treatment with 5-Fluorouracil 5-Fluorouracil is a fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic medication that is used to topically treat actinic keratoses. Although local adverse effects to the drug are common and anticipated, distant skin reactions are rare and unexpected. In this case report, we describe a patient

2018 Dermatology and therapy

259. Energy Harvesting Sources, Storage Devices and System Topologies for Environmental Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Energy Harvesting Sources, Storage Devices and System Topologies for Environmental Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review The operational efficiency of remote environmental wireless sensor networks (EWSNs) has improved tremendously with the advent of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies over the past few years. EWSNs require elaborate device composition and advanced control to attain long-term operation with minimal maintenance. This article is focused on power supplies that provide energy to run (...) the wireless sensor nodes in environmental applications. In this context, EWSNs have two distinct features that set them apart from monitoring systems in other application domains. They are often deployed in remote areas, preventing the use of mains power and precluding regular visits to exchange batteries. At the same time, their surroundings usually provide opportunities to harvest ambient energy and use it to (partially) power the sensor nodes. This review provides a comprehensive account of energy

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

260. Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus associated with increased activity of lupus nephritis: a case report and review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus associated with increased activity of lupus nephritis: a case report and review of the literature 30206461 2018 11 14 1642-395X 35 4 2018 Aug Postepy dermatologii i alergologii Postepy Dermatol Alergol Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus associated with increased activity of lupus nephritis: a case report and review of the literature. 431-433 10.5114/ada.2018.77676 Żychowska Magdalena M Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical

2018 Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii

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