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Relaxation Technique

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81. Applied Relaxation for Panic Disorder

, T.D., & Hazlett-Stevens, H. (2000). New directions in progressive muscle relaxation: A guidebook for helping professionals. Westbury, CT: Praeger Publishers. Ost, L.G. (1987). Applied relaxation: Description of a coping technique and review of controlled studies. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 25, 397-409. Training Opportunities We are not aware of current training opportunities. Please the site editor if you have information to be posted here. ©2016 DIVISION 12 OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL (...) Applied Relaxation for Panic Disorder Applied Relaxation for Panic Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology Description Applied relaxation involves first identifying situations in which panic is likely, as well as early panic cues; next, individuals are taught progressive muscle relaxation, and learn to become relaxed more and more quickly over the course of treatment. Finally, patients are taught to relax in the presence of panic cues, and then in real-world situations in which panic

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

82. Relaxation Training for Insomnia

gain mastery of the relaxation techniques. Although relaxation therapy is demonstrably effective, there is little evidence suggesting differential effectiveness across the range of relaxation modalities. Key References (in reverse chronological order) Morin, C., Bootzin, R., Buysse, D., Edinger, J., Espie, C., & Lichstein, K. (2006). Psychological and behavioral treatment of insomnia: Update of the recent evidence (1998-2004). Sleep , 29, 1398-1414. Edinger, J.D., Wohlgemuth, W.K., Radtke, R.A (...) ., & Morin, C.M. (Eds.), Treatment of late-life insomnia (pp. 185-206). London: Sage Publications. Hauri, P., & Linde, S. (1996). Bedtime relaxation techniques. In Hauri, P., & Linde, S. (1996). No More Sleepless Nights (pp. 91-105). New York Press: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Bernstein, D. A., & Borkovec, T. D. (1973). Progressive relaxation training . Champaign, IL: Research Press. Training Opportunities The Sleep Research Society Trainee Manual provides a variety of resources on training opportunities

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

83. Techniques for assisting difficult delivery at caesarean section. (Abstract)

Techniques for assisting difficult delivery at caesarean section. Caesarean section involves making an incision in the woman's abdomen and cutting through the uterine muscle. The baby is then delivered through that incision. Difficult caesarean birth may result in injury for the infant or complications for the mother. Methods to assist with delivery include vacuum or forceps extraction or manual delivery utilising fundal pressure. Medication that relaxes the uterus (tocolytic medication) may

2016 Cochrane

84. Intravenous versus inhalational techniques for rapid emergence from anaesthesia in patients undergoing brain tumour surgery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. time to attain score ≥ 9, in minutes), opioid consumption, brain relaxation (as assessed by the surgeon on a 4- or 5-point scale) and complications of anaesthetic techniques, such as intraoperative haemodynamic instability in terms of hypotension or hypertension (mmHg), increased or decreased heart rate (beats/min) and brain swelling.We used standardized methods in conducting the systematic review, as described by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Two review authors (...) (RR 0.45, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.78) and greater risk of haemodynamic changes with propofol than with sevoflurane (RR 1.85, 95% CI 1.07 to 3.17), but no differences in the risk of shivering or pain. Pooled analyses for brain relaxation suggest lower risk of tense brain with propofol than with isoflurane (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.67 to 1.17, low-quality evidence), but no difference when propofol is compared with sevoflurane.The finding of our review is that the intravenous technique is comparable

2016 Cochrane

85. Equipment and Techniques in Adult Advanced Life Support

Equipment and Techniques in Adult Advanced Life Support ANZCOR Guideline 11.6 January 2016 Page 1 of 16 ANZCOR Guideline 11.6 – Equipment and Techniques in Adult Advanced Life Support Summary Who does this guideline apply to? This guideline applies to adults who require advanced life support (ALS). Who is the audience for this guideline? This guideline is for health professionals and those who provide healthcare in environments where equipment and drugs are available. Recommendations (...) concentration is used on all patients during CPR (CoSTR 2015 weak recommendation, very low quality evidence) 2 . Oxygen should never be withheld because of the fear of adverse effects. There is insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of passive oxygen delivery during compression only CPR to improve outcomes (ROSC, hospital discharge rate and improve neurological survival) when compared with oxygen delivery by positive pressure ventilation. 2 Airway 2.1 Airway manoeuvres The BLS techniques of chin

2016 Australian Resuscitation Council

86. Effectiveness and Underlying Mechanisms of Applied Relaxation as Indicated Preventive Intervention

interventions targeted to those with initial symptomatology appear particularly promising. Applied relaxation (AR) is a well-established intervention technique proven to effectively reduce tension/distress, anxiety and depressive symptoms in the context of treatment of a wide variety of manifest mental disorders as well as somatic illnesses. However, it has not been studied so far whether AR as indicated preventive intervention in subjects with initial symptomatology but no full-threshold mental disorder (...) Effectiveness and Underlying Mechanisms of Applied Relaxation as Indicated Preventive Intervention Effectiveness and Underlying Mechanisms of Applied Relaxation as Indicated Preventive Intervention - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove

2017 Clinical Trials

87. Acoustic Anomalies and Fast Relaxation Dynamics of Amorphous Progesterone as Revealed by Brillouin Light Scattering Full Text available with Trip Pro

by using a Brillouin inelastic light scattering technique. The Brillouin spectrum of the longitudinal acoustic mode exhibited distinct changes at the glass transition and the cold-crystallization temperatures. The acoustic dispersions of the longitudinal sound velocity and the acoustic absorption coefficient were attributed to the fast and possibly the secondary relaxation processes in the glassy and supercooled liquid states, while the structural relaxation process was considered as the dominant (...) Acoustic Anomalies and Fast Relaxation Dynamics of Amorphous Progesterone as Revealed by Brillouin Light Scattering The amorphous state of pharmaceuticals has attracted much attention due to its high bioavailability and other advantages. The stability of the amorphous state in relation with the local molecular mobility is important from both fundamental and practical points of view. The acoustic properties of amorphous progesterone, one of the representative steroid hormones, were investigated

2017 Materials

88. Validation Relaxation: A Quality Assurance Strategy for Electronic Data Collection. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validation Relaxation: A Quality Assurance Strategy for Electronic Data Collection. The use of mobile devices for data collection in developing world settings is becoming increasingly common and may offer advantages in data collection quality and efficiency relative to paper-based methods. However, mobile data collection systems can hamper many standard quality assurance techniques due to the lack of a hardcopy backup of data. Consequently, mobile health data collection platforms have (...) errors to be committed, detected, and monitored.We analyzed data collected during a cluster sample population survey in rural Liberia using an electronic data collection system (Open Data Kit). We first developed a classification scheme for types of detectable errors and validation alterations required to detect them. We then implemented the following validation relaxation techniques to enable data error conduct and detection: intentional redundancy, removal of "required" constraint, and illogical

2017 Journal of medical Internet research

89. Post-keratoplasty astigmatism management by relaxing incisions: a systematic review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Relaxing incisions can be made in the graft, graft-host interface or host cornea. Despite the unpredictability of the method because the flat and steep meridians are usually not orthogonal after penetrating keratoplasty, with asymmetric power distribution, all the studies showed an overall reduction of refractive, keratometric or topographic astigmatism, ranging from 30% to 72% with manual or femtosecond-assisted techniques. Most patients with astigmatism higher than 6 diopters had residual cylinder (...) Post-keratoplasty astigmatism management by relaxing incisions: a systematic review. Postoperative visual acuity can be limited by post-keratoplasty astigmatism, even with a clear corneal graft. Astigmatism management can be performed by selective suture removal, adjustment of sutures, optical correction, photorefractive procedures, wedge resection, intra-ocular lens implantation, intracorneal ring segments, relaxing incisions with or without compression sutures and repeated keratoplasty

2017 Eye and vision (London, England)

90. Chloroform Extract of <i>Artemisia annua</i> L. Relaxes Mouse Airway Smooth Muscle. Full Text available with Trip Pro

K+-elicited (80 mM) contractions of mouse tracheal rings (TRs). Patch-clamp technique and ion channel blockers were employed to explore the underlying mechanisms of the relaxant effect of CEAA. In whole-cell current recording, CEAA almost fully abolished voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel (VDCC) currents and markedly enhanced large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channel currents on airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). In single channel current recording, CEAA increased the opening probability (...) Chloroform Extract of Artemisia annua L. Relaxes Mouse Airway Smooth Muscle. Artemisia annua L. belongs to the Asteraceae family, which is indigenous to China. It has valuable pharmacological properties, such as antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. However, whether it possesses antiasthma properties is unknown. In the current study, chloroform extract of Artemisia annua L. (CEAA) was prepared, and we found that CEAA completely eliminated acetylcholine (ACh) or high

2017 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

91. Developing BrightHearts: a pediatric biofeedback mediated relaxation app to manage procedural pain and anxiety. (Abstract)

feedback on prototype designs. Children 7 to 18 years of age participated in interactive exhibitions of the prototypes and were interviewed about their experiences using BrightHearts.Twenty-four clinicians participated in 6 group interviews. Thirty-nine children participated in interactive exhibitions, and 21 were interviewed. Clinicians placed high value on the following factors in the management of procedural pain: providing children with an element of control, the use of relaxation techniques (...) Developing BrightHearts: a pediatric biofeedback mediated relaxation app to manage procedural pain and anxiety. The objective of this study was to develop a child-friendly biofeedback-mediated relaxation device called BrightHearts.Qualitative data were collected at a tertiary pediatric hospital to inform an iterative design process. Clinicians participated in expert group interviews to identify practical considerations that would facilitate the use of BrightHearts during procedures and provide

2017 Pain Practice

92. Is cognitive-behavioural therapy more effective than relaxation therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders? A meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Is cognitive-behavioural therapy more effective than relaxation therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders? A meta-analysis. It is not clear whether relaxation therapies are more or less effective than cognitive and behavioural therapies in the treatment of anxiety. The aims of the present study were to examine the effects of relaxation techniques compared to cognitive and behavioural therapies in reducing anxiety symptoms, and whether they have comparable efficacy across disorders.We (...) conducted a meta-analysis of 50 studies (2801 patients) comparing relaxation training with cognitive and behavioural treatments of anxiety.The overall effect size (ES) across all anxiety outcomes, with only one combined ES in each study, was g = -0.27 [95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.41 to -0.13], favouring cognitive and behavioural therapies (number needed to treat = 6.61). However, no significant difference between relaxation and cognitive and behavioural therapies was found for generalized anxiety

2017 Psychological Medicine

93. Effect of Limbal relaxing incisions during implantable collamer lens surgery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Limbal relaxing incisions during implantable collamer lens surgery. The limbal relaxing incisions (LRIs) technique is a safe and an inexpensive procedure, which is simple for experts to perform. It can effectively reduce astigmatism and result in a rapid visual rehabilitation. But there are few reports about reducing pre-existing corneal astigmatism by LRI in ICL surgery. Our research was aimed to study the effect of limbal relaxing inci sions during implantable collamer lens (ICL (...) ) surgery.A prospective analysis reviewing consecutive cases of corneal astigmatism that had either independent ICL surgery (control group) or combined with LRIs (LRIs group). The study population consisted of 45 patients, 85 eyes, with high myopia and regular corneal astigmatism more than 0.50 diopter (D) and less than 3.00 D. The first group received ICL surgery combined with LRIs (limbal relaxing incisions); the control group received only ICL surgery alone. The outcomes considered were uncorrected

2017 BMC Ophthalmology

94. Determination of intra-axial brain tumors cellularity through the analysis of T2 Relaxation time of brain tumors before surgery using MATLAB software Full Text available with Trip Pro

Determination of intra-axial brain tumors cellularity through the analysis of T2 Relaxation time of brain tumors before surgery using MATLAB software Timely diagnosis of brain tumors could considerably affect the process of patient treatment. To do so, para-clinical methods, particularly MRI, cannot be ignored. MRI has so far answered significant questions regarding tumor characteristics, as well as helping neurosurgeons. In order to detect the tumor cellularity, neuro-surgeons currently have (...) the brain tumor cellularity, compared with the biopsy.These findings illustrate the need for more T2 relaxation time decreases, the higher classes of tumors will stand out in the designed table. In this study, the results show T2 relaxation time with a 85% diagnostic weight, compared with the biopsy, to determine the brain tumor cellularity (p<0.05).Our results indicate that the T2 relaxation time feature is the best method to distinguish and present the degree of intra-axial brain tumors cellularity

2016 Electronic physician

95. Simultaneous Determination of Metabolite Concentrations, T1 and T2 Relaxation Times Full Text available with Trip Pro

Simultaneous Determination of Metabolite Concentrations, T1 and T2 Relaxation Times To simultaneously measure concentration and T1 and T2 values of metabolites in the human brain in a single scan session.A new pulse sequence with multiple variable acquisition parameters was proposed to encode metabolite T1 and T2 information into the acquired data. A linear combination-fitting algorithm was developed in-house to simultaneously determine metabolite concentrations and relaxation (...) times.Concentration, T1 , and T2 values of N-acetyl-aspartate, total creatine, total choline, and glutamate were reliably measured in the frontal gray matter and white matter regions of nine healthy volunteers at 7 tesla in less than 10 minutes of scan time per voxel. T1 and T2 values of glutamine, as well as T1 of glutathione, were also measured in the frontal gray matter region with reasonable precision.The proposed technique allows multiparametric characterization of brain metabolites in a single scan session

2017 Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

96. T2 relaxation time for intervertebral disc degeneration in patients with upper back pain: initial results on the clinical use of 3.0 Tesla MRI Full Text available with Trip Pro

T2 relaxation time for intervertebral disc degeneration in patients with upper back pain: initial results on the clinical use of 3.0 Tesla MRI Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful non-invasive tool for evaluating abnormalities of intervertebral discs. However, there are few studies which applied functional MRI techniques to investigate degenerative changes in cervical and cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) spine among adults. The aim of this study was to compare T2 relaxation time (...) measurement evaluation with morphological grading for assessing cervical and CTJ intervertebral discs (IVD) in the patients suffering neck, shoulder, and upper back pain.Sixty-three patients (378 IVDs) and 60 asymptomatic volunteers (360 IVDs) of the cervical and CTJ discs were assessed using a 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol, including an sagittal T2 relaxation time protocol. The relaxation time values of the nucleus pulposus (NP) were recorded and all discs were visually graded according

2017 BMC Medical Imaging

97. Assessing the effects of subject motion on T2 relaxation under spin tagging (TRUST) cerebral oxygenation measurements using volume navigators Full Text available with Trip Pro

Assessing the effects of subject motion on T2 relaxation under spin tagging (TRUST) cerebral oxygenation measurements using volume navigators Subject motion may cause errors in estimates of blood T2 when using the T2 -relaxation under spin tagging (TRUST) technique on noncompliant subjects like neonates. By incorporating 3D volume navigators (vNavs) into the TRUST pulse sequence, independent measurements of motion during scanning permit evaluation of these errors.The effects of integrated vNavs

2017 Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

98. SyMRI of the Brain: Rapid Quantification of Relaxation Rates and Proton Density, With Synthetic MRI, Automatic Brain Segmentation, and Myelin Measurement Full Text available with Trip Pro

SyMRI of the Brain: Rapid Quantification of Relaxation Rates and Proton Density, With Synthetic MRI, Automatic Brain Segmentation, and Myelin Measurement Conventional magnetic resonance images are usually evaluated using the image signal contrast between tissues and not based on their absolute signal intensities. Quantification of tissue parameters, such as relaxation rates and proton density, would provide an absolute scale; however, these methods have mainly been performed in a research (...) setting. The development of rapid quantification, with scan times in the order of 6 minutes for full head coverage, has provided the prerequisites for clinical use. The aim of this review article was to introduce a specific quantification method and synthesis of contrast-weighted images based on the acquired absolute values, and to present automatic segmentation of brain tissues and measurement of myelin based on the quantitative values, along with application of these techniques to various brain

2017 Investigative radiology

99. In Situ Probing the Relaxation Properties of Ultrathin Polystyrene Films by Using Electric Force Microscopy Full Text available with Trip Pro

In Situ Probing the Relaxation Properties of Ultrathin Polystyrene Films by Using Electric Force Microscopy The rapid development of nanoscience and nanotechnology involves polymer films with thickness down to nanometer scale. However, the properties of ultrathin polymer films are extremely different from that of bulk matrix or thin films. It is challenging to distinguish the changes of physical properties in ultrathin films using conventional techniques especially when it locates near

2017 Nanoscale research letters

100. Diffusion-Relaxation Correlation Spectroscopic Imaging (DR-CSI): A Multidimensional Approach for Probing Microstructure Full Text available with Trip Pro

, multiexponential estimation is known to be difficult and ill-posed. Observing that this ill-posedness is theoretically reduced in higher dimensions, diffusion-relaxation correlation spectroscopic imaging uses a novel multidimensional imaging experiment that jointly encodes diffusion and relaxation information, and then uses a novel constrained reconstruction technique to generate a multidimensional diffusion-relaxation correlation spectrum for every voxel. The peaks of the multidimensional spectrum (...) Diffusion-Relaxation Correlation Spectroscopic Imaging (DR-CSI): A Multidimensional Approach for Probing Microstructure To propose and evaluate a novel multidimensional approach for imaging subvoxel tissue compartments called Diffusion-Relaxation Correlation Spectroscopic Imaging.Multiexponential modeling of MR diffusion or relaxation data is commonly used to infer the many different microscopic tissue compartments that contribute signal to macroscopic MR imaging voxels. However

2017 Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

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