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Relaxation Technique

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61. Evaluation of Residual Stress Distribution and Relaxation on In Situ TiB2/7050 Al Composites Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of Residual Stress Distribution and Relaxation on In Situ TiB2/7050 Al Composites Interior residual stresses induced by quenching may cause distortion during subsequent machining processes. Hence, various strategies have been employed to relieve the interior residual stress, such as stretching, post treatment, and other techniques. In this study, the stress distribution inside TiB₂/7050 Al composite extrusions was investigated and the effects of different methods on relieving

2018 Materials

62. Data on tensile tests and NMR measurements of poly(vinilidene fluoride) before and after stress relaxation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Data on tensile tests and NMR measurements of poly(vinilidene fluoride) before and after stress relaxation Poly(vinilidene fluoride) was characterized before and after stress relaxation by tensile tests and time-domain nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR). Tensile tests were performed to provide mechanical properties, focused on the data of elastic modulus for this matter. The TD-NMR technique was used to calculate the fraction of crystalline, constrained amorphous and free amorphous phase (...) , and the transversal relaxation time of each of these phases.

2018 Data in brief

63. The relaxation effect of prolonged expiratory breathing Full Text available with Trip Pro

The relaxation effect of prolonged expiratory breathing This study was performed to confirm that autonomic nervous activity is affected by breathing speed. I hypothesized that prolonged expiratory breathing would promote parasympathetic dominance, whereas rapid breathing would promote sympathetic dominance. Ten healthy men, ages 21-28 years old, were instructed to perform prolonged expiratory breathing (6 seconds expiration, 4 seconds inspiration) after spontaneous breathing and rapid breathing (...) is an indirect, non-invasive method with clear limitations. The use of additional techniques should be considered to clarify the relationships between the breathing speed and the mind.

2018 Mental illness

64. Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy Reveals Dynamics and Mechanisms of Solvent-Driven Inertial Relaxation in Polar BODIPY Dyes Full Text available with Trip Pro

visualization of the phenomenon. The analysis of the 2D data in terms of 2D frequency-frequency decay associated maps provides indeed not only the time scale of the relaxation process but also the starting and the final point of the energy flow and the associated reorganization energy, identified by looking at the coordinates of a negative signature below the diagonal. The sensitivity of the 2DES technique to vibrational coherence dynamics also allowed the identification of a possible relaxation mechanism (...) Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy Reveals Dynamics and Mechanisms of Solvent-Driven Inertial Relaxation in Polar BODIPY Dyes In this work, we demonstrate the use of two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy (2DES) to study the mechanism and time scale of the femtosecond Stokes shift dynamics in molecules characterized by intramolecular charge transfer, such as distyryl-functionalized boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) molecules. The obtained results demonstrate that 2DES allows clear and direct

2018 The journal of physical chemistry letters

65. The effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety, and depression of pregnant women referred to health centers Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety, and depression of pregnant women referred to health centers If anxiety and depression do not detect in pregnant women, they may cause complications for the mother, child, and family, including postpartum depression. With regard to the administrative capability of relaxation in health centers, this study was conducted to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety (...) ) and control group (n = 33). DASS-21 was again completed in the 4th-7th weeks of beginning of the study by all women.Analysis of variance with repeated measures indicated significant differences in mean of scores of stress, anxiety, and depression at three different times in relaxation group (P < 0.05) whereas found no significant differences in the mean of scores of stress, anxiety, and depression in the control group.In this study, relaxation could reduce stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnant women

2018 Journal of education and health promotion Controlled trial quality: uncertain

66. Hemodynamic and Metabolic Assessment of Neonates With Punctate White Matter Lesions Using Phase-Contrast MRI and T2-Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging (TRUST) MRI Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hemodynamic and Metabolic Assessment of Neonates With Punctate White Matter Lesions Using Phase-Contrast MRI and T2-Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging (TRUST) MRI The brain's hemodynamic and metabolism of punctate white matter lesions (PWML) is poorly understood due to a scarcity of non-invasive imaging techniques. The aim of this study was to apply new MRI techniques to quantify cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2), global cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen saturation fractions in venous blood (...) (Yv) and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in neonates with PWML, for better understanding of the pathophysiology of PWML. Fifty-one newborns were recruited continuously, including 23 neonatal patients with PWML and 28 normal control neonates. Phase-contrast (PC) MRI and T2-Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging (TRUST) MRI were performed for the measurement of CBF and Yv. OEF and CMRO2 were calculated from the CBF and Yv values. The total maturation score (TMS) was assessed for each neonate on standard T1

2018 Frontiers in physiology

67. Neurologic adverse event avoidance in lateral lumbar interbody fusion: technical considerations using muscle relaxants Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neurologic adverse event avoidance in lateral lumbar interbody fusion: technical considerations using muscle relaxants The retroperitoneal trans-psoas extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) technique has improved over the last decade with increased efficiency and an emphasis on complication avoidance. After all known procedural safeguards are enacted, the most common failure of neuro-monitoring precision may be the use of non-depolarizing muscle relaxants (MR) for induction that is standard (...) MRs prior to intubation.A retrospective review of 74 consecutive patients treated at 150 levels with XLIF and no muscle relaxants (NMR) were compared to a group of 124 consecutive XLIF patients treated at 238 levels with MR. The surgeon upon discovering a small dose of rocuronium was used for intubation, questioned the effect on the neuromonitoring and NMR group was begun. All procedural technique details remained the same. All patients had XLIF at L3-4, L4-5, or both levels. Perioperative

2018 Journal of Spine Surgery

68. Therapist-Assisted Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Progressive Relaxation in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

included psychoeducation, mood and behavioral management, exposure and response prevention (ERP), cognitive therapy, and relapse prevention; the iPRT intervention included psychoeducation and relaxation techniques as a way of managing OCD-related anxiety but did not incorporate ERP or other CBT elements. Both treatments included audiovisual content, case stories, demonstrations of techniques, downloadable audio content and worksheets, and expert commentary. All participants received 1 weekly email (...) Therapist-Assisted Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Progressive Relaxation in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Randomized Controlled Trial. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a highly disabling psychological disorder with a chronic course if left untreated. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be an effective treatment, but access to face-to-face CBT is not always possible. Internet-based CBT (iCBT) has become an increasingly viable option. However, no study

2018 Journal of medical Internet research Controlled trial quality: predicted high

69. Comparison of basal lamella relaxing incision and combined conventional medialisation and controlled synechiae in functional endoscopic sinus surgery: a randomised prospective study. (Abstract)

the middle meatal area. A pocket smell test was used to assess olfaction.There were no significant differences in operative middle meatal access and post-operative medialisation of the middle turbinate. Post-operative olfaction was affected more in the combined conventional medialisation and controlled synechiae group, compared to the basal lamella relaxing incision group, but this finding was not statistically significant.Basal lamella relaxing incision is an effective single-step technique (...) Comparison of basal lamella relaxing incision and combined conventional medialisation and controlled synechiae in functional endoscopic sinus surgery: a randomised prospective study. To compare combined conventional Freer medialisation and controlled synechiae, performed for middle meatal access (during the initial steps of functional endoscopic sinus surgery) and post-operative middle turbinate medialisation, with basal lamella relaxing incision, the latter of which is a single step

2018 Journal of Laryngology & Otology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

70. Functional Exercise Response on osteoArthritis Relaxation Imaging

disease can be diagnosed with X-ray, CT, and conventional MRI, but there are no validated methods to image early changes in cartilage microstructure, which are direly needed in early phase clinical development. Newly developed therapies and evaluation techniques are required at earlier stages of disease to offset the growing numbers and costs of end-stage disease. MRI can probe soft-tissue with physical measurements that are not available through other methods. Quantitative MRI signal relaxation (...) to these relaxation times, recovers within an hour after exercise in healthy runners, with the menisci lagging in their volume recovery rate. Previous exercise studies have not measured post-exercise cartilage recovery using compositional techniques, such as physiologically-sensitive T1ρ and T2, nor probed compositional responses with OA subjects. The investigators will examine a single knee of an initial 18 participants with MR. Participants will be drawn from two groups: (1) 12 participants aged 40-60 years old

2018 Clinical Trials

71. Brief relaxation training is not sufficient to alter tolerance to experimental pain in novices. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Brief relaxation training is not sufficient to alter tolerance to experimental pain in novices. Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and muscle relaxation, are aspects common to most forms of mindfulness training. There is now an abundance of research demonstrating that mindfulness training has beneficial effects across a wide range of clinical conditions, making it an important tool for clinical intervention. One area of extensive research is on the beneficial effects of mindfulness (...) on experiences of pain. However, the mechanisms of these effects are still not well understood. One hypothesis is that the relaxation components of mindfulness training, through alterations in breathing and muscle tension, leads to changes in parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system functioning which influences pain circuits. The current study seeks to examine how two of the relaxation subcomponents of mindfulness training, deep breathing and muscle relaxation, influence experiences of pain in healthy

2017 PLoS ONE Controlled trial quality: uncertain

72. Awareness of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session affects future quality of life and autonomic function: a prospective cohort study on the expectations of therapy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session affects future quality of life and autonomic function: a prospective cohort study on the expectations of therapy High expectations regarding therapy are reported to have positive effects on future therapeutic course and related behavior. Some individuals are aware of feelings of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session.Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) therapy using a relaxation technique called resonant

2018 BioPsychoSocial medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

73. Effects of Different Relaxation Interventions on Reducing Stress in Chinese Breastfeeding Mothers

: University College, London Information provided by (Responsible Party): Mary Fewtrell, University College, London Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This pilot study aims to find the most effective relaxation technique to help primiparous mothers who are breastfeeding their infant. The effect of five different relaxation techniques on physical and psychological changes in Chinese mothers will be investigated. The interventions to be used in this study include: guided relaxation (...) Effects of Different Relaxation Interventions on Reducing Stress in Chinese Breastfeeding Mothers Effects of Different Relaxation Interventions on Reducing Stress in Chinese Breastfeeding Mothers - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove

2018 Clinical Trials

74. Hotspot relaxation time of NbN superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors on various substrates Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hotspot relaxation time of NbN superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors on various substrates Hotspot relaxation time (τ th ) is one of the essential parameter which defines the maximum count rate of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs). We studied the τ th for NbN-based SNSPDs on various substrates using the two-photon detection method based on the pump-probe spectroscopy technique. We observed that τ th strongly increased with increasing bias current in the two (...) -photon detection regime. In addition, the minimum hotspot relaxation time (τ th )min was not significantly affected by the bath temperature; this is different from the previous observations reported for WSi SNSPDs. In addition, a strong dependency of (τ th )min on the substrate was found. The minimum (τ th )min was 11.6 ps for SNSPDs made of 5.5-nm-thick NbN on MgO (100), whereas the maximum (τ th )min was 34.5 ps for SNSPDs made of 7.5-nm-thick NbN on Si (100). We presented a direct correlation

2018 Scientific reports

75. A Review of Apps for Calming, Relaxation, and Mindfulness Interventions for Pediatric Palliative Care Patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the 22 apps identified were included in the final analysis. The apps operated on either iOS or Android platforms. All were available in English with four available in Spanish. Apps featured a relaxation approach (12/16), soothing images (8/16), and breathing techniques (8/16). Mood and sleep patterns were the main symptoms targeted by apps. Provision of mobile apps resource summary has the potential to foster pediatric palliative care providers' knowledge of app functionality and applicability (...) A Review of Apps for Calming, Relaxation, and Mindfulness Interventions for Pediatric Palliative Care Patients Patients and families increasingly use mobile apps as a relaxation and distraction intervention for children with complex, chronic medical conditions in the waiting room setting or during inpatient hospitalizations; and yet, there is limited data on app quality assessment or review of these apps for level of engagement, functionality, aesthetics, or applicability for palliative

2018 Children

76. Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) and Self-Regulation: A Comprehensive Review and Comparison of the Japanese Body Movement Approach Full Text available with Trip Pro

of SART as a bodymind approach by critically examining evidence and research gaps for future studies, comparing it with techniques established in the literature, and positing a self-regulatory framework for SART as a tool to become aware of bodily states, regulate mood, and manage stress through the deliberate practice of relaxation. (...) Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) and Self-Regulation: A Comprehensive Review and Comparison of the Japanese Body Movement Approach Relaxation programs are known for their versatility, cost-effectiveness, and ability to help people obtain skills to regulate their mental states and promote and maintain health. Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) is a body-oriented approach to psychological rehabilitation that grew out of the suite of movement tasks developed in the Japanese psychotherapy

2018 Frontiers in human neuroscience

77. 15N detection harnesses the slow relaxation property of nitrogen: Delivering enhanced resolution for intrinsically disordered proteins Full Text available with Trip Pro

techniques. Here, we develop a suite of 3D 15N-detected experiments that take advantage of the slower transverse relaxation property of 15N nuclei, the associated narrower linewidth, and the greater chemical shift dispersion compared with those of 1H and 13C resonances. The six 3D experiments described here start with aliphatic 1H magnetization to take advantage of its higher initial polarization, and are broadly applicable for backbone assignment of proteins that are disordered, dynamic, or have (...) 15N detection harnesses the slow relaxation property of nitrogen: Delivering enhanced resolution for intrinsically disordered proteins Studies over the past decade have highlighted the functional significance of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs). Due to conformational heterogeneity and inherent dynamics, structural studies of IDPs have relied mostly on NMR spectroscopy, despite IDPs having characteristics that make them challenging to study using traditional 1H-detected biomolecular NMR

2018 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

78. Applied Relaxation for Panic Disorder

, T.D., & Hazlett-Stevens, H. (2000). New directions in progressive muscle relaxation: A guidebook for helping professionals. Westbury, CT: Praeger Publishers. Ost, L.G. (1987). Applied relaxation: Description of a coping technique and review of controlled studies. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 25, 397-409. Training Opportunities We are not aware of current training opportunities. Please the site editor if you have information to be posted here. ©2016 DIVISION 12 OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL (...) Applied Relaxation for Panic Disorder Applied Relaxation for Panic Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology Description Applied relaxation involves first identifying situations in which panic is likely, as well as early panic cues; next, individuals are taught progressive muscle relaxation, and learn to become relaxed more and more quickly over the course of treatment. Finally, patients are taught to relax in the presence of panic cues, and then in real-world situations in which panic

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

79. Relaxation Training for Insomnia

gain mastery of the relaxation techniques. Although relaxation therapy is demonstrably effective, there is little evidence suggesting differential effectiveness across the range of relaxation modalities. Key References (in reverse chronological order) Morin, C., Bootzin, R., Buysse, D., Edinger, J., Espie, C., & Lichstein, K. (2006). Psychological and behavioral treatment of insomnia: Update of the recent evidence (1998-2004). Sleep , 29, 1398-1414. Edinger, J.D., Wohlgemuth, W.K., Radtke, R.A (...) ., & Morin, C.M. (Eds.), Treatment of late-life insomnia (pp. 185-206). London: Sage Publications. Hauri, P., & Linde, S. (1996). Bedtime relaxation techniques. In Hauri, P., & Linde, S. (1996). No More Sleepless Nights (pp. 91-105). New York Press: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Bernstein, D. A., & Borkovec, T. D. (1973). Progressive relaxation training . Champaign, IL: Research Press. Training Opportunities The Sleep Research Society Trainee Manual provides a variety of resources on training opportunities

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

80. Intravenous versus inhalational techniques for rapid emergence from anaesthesia in patients undergoing brain tumour surgery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. time to attain score ≥ 9, in minutes), opioid consumption, brain relaxation (as assessed by the surgeon on a 4- or 5-point scale) and complications of anaesthetic techniques, such as intraoperative haemodynamic instability in terms of hypotension or hypertension (mmHg), increased or decreased heart rate (beats/min) and brain swelling.We used standardized methods in conducting the systematic review, as described by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Two review authors (...) (RR 0.45, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.78) and greater risk of haemodynamic changes with propofol than with sevoflurane (RR 1.85, 95% CI 1.07 to 3.17), but no differences in the risk of shivering or pain. Pooled analyses for brain relaxation suggest lower risk of tense brain with propofol than with isoflurane (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.67 to 1.17, low-quality evidence), but no difference when propofol is compared with sevoflurane.The finding of our review is that the intravenous technique is comparable

2016 Cochrane

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