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Relaxation Technique

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61. Pre-service Teachers and Stress During Microteaching: An Experimental Investigation of the Effectiveness of Relaxation Training with Biofeedback on Psychological and Physiological Indices of Stress. (PubMed)

Pre-service Teachers and Stress During Microteaching: An Experimental Investigation of the Effectiveness of Relaxation Training with Biofeedback on Psychological and Physiological Indices of Stress. Pre-service teacher stress is an understudied research area, with the majority of research focusing on subjective reports of stress. The present study sought to examine the influence of stress-reduction techniques on both subjective and objective indicators of stress during microteaching (...) in preservice teachers. A sample of 44 preservice teachers were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups; biofeedback, relaxation, or control. Participants in the biofeedback group received relaxation-assisted biofeedback training designed to teach participants the physiological signs of the stress response using HeartMath monitor, along with the HeartMath Quick Coherence® technique. Those in the relaxation group were given training in the HeartMath Quick Coherence relaxation technique

2018 Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback Controlled trial quality: uncertain

62. The Effects of the Relaxation Response on Nurses' Level of Anxiety, Depression, Well-Being, Work-Related Stress, and Confidence to Teach Patients. (PubMed)

The Effects of the Relaxation Response on Nurses' Level of Anxiety, Depression, Well-Being, Work-Related Stress, and Confidence to Teach Patients. The purpose of this pilot study was threefold: to teach nurses the Relaxation Response ( RR), a relaxation technique created by Benson; to measure the effects of the RR on nurses' levels of anxiety, depression, well-being, and work-related stress; and to explore nurses' confidence in teaching their patients the RR.A wait-list, randomized-control (...) quantitative study design was used.Nurses in the intervention group were trained on the benefits and the technique of the RR and were then asked to practice the RR over an 8-week period.No statistical significance was found in nurses' reported level of anxiety, depression, well-being, and work-related stress. However, the nurses reported greater confidence in teaching this technique to patients ( p < .001).As a strategy for self-care in the workplace, nurses were receptive to learning the RR and reported

2018 Journal of holistic nursing : official journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

63. Awareness of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session affects future quality of life and autonomic function: a prospective cohort study on the expectations of therapy (PubMed)

Awareness of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session affects future quality of life and autonomic function: a prospective cohort study on the expectations of therapy High expectations regarding therapy are reported to have positive effects on future therapeutic course and related behavior. Some individuals are aware of feelings of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session.Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) therapy using a relaxation technique called resonant

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2018 BioPsychoSocial medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

64. Personalised relaxation practice to improve sleep and functioning in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (PubMed)

Personalised relaxation practice to improve sleep and functioning in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and depression: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are both debilitating but heterogeneous conditions sharing core features of fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, and impaired functioning. The aetiology of these conditions is not fully understood, and 'best-practice' treatments are only moderately effective (...) in relieving symptoms. Unrecognised individual differences in the response to such treatments are likely to underlie poor treatment outcomes.We are undertaking a two-group, parallel, randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing the effects of a personalised relaxation intervention on sleep quality, daytime symptoms, and functioning in patients with CFS (n = 64) and MDD (n = 64). Following identification of the method that best enhances autonomic responding (such as heart rate variability), participants

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2018 Trials

65. Hotspot relaxation time of NbN superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors on various substrates (PubMed)

Hotspot relaxation time of NbN superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors on various substrates Hotspot relaxation time (τ th ) is one of the essential parameter which defines the maximum count rate of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs). We studied the τ th for NbN-based SNSPDs on various substrates using the two-photon detection method based on the pump-probe spectroscopy technique. We observed that τ th strongly increased with increasing bias current in the two (...) -photon detection regime. In addition, the minimum hotspot relaxation time (τ th )min was not significantly affected by the bath temperature; this is different from the previous observations reported for WSi SNSPDs. In addition, a strong dependency of (τ th )min on the substrate was found. The minimum (τ th )min was 11.6 ps for SNSPDs made of 5.5-nm-thick NbN on MgO (100), whereas the maximum (τ th )min was 34.5 ps for SNSPDs made of 7.5-nm-thick NbN on Si (100). We presented a direct correlation

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2018 Scientific reports

66. A quick relaxation exercise for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: explorative randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

A quick relaxation exercise for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: explorative randomized controlled trial People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) suffer from dyspnoea, which may be increased by anxiety. Previous studies suggest that relaxation techniques may have positive effects in pulmonary rehabilitation. The main aim of this study is to explore the clinical impact of a quick, one-session, relaxation training for people with COPD.In this perspective, 38 (...) participants with COPD were recruited and randomly assigned to listen to a relaxing audio or to watch a neutral stimulus, during their routine exams. Participants were assessed for psychological and physiological variables, analysed through non-parametric tests.Those who joined the relaxation training showed more positive outcomes about respiratory and cardiac assessments, as well as for state anxiety and positive affections, in comparison with the baseline and the control group.Study results suggest

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2018 Multidisciplinary respiratory medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

67. Evaluation of Residual Stress Distribution and Relaxation on In Situ TiB2/7050 Al Composites (PubMed)

Evaluation of Residual Stress Distribution and Relaxation on In Situ TiB2/7050 Al Composites Interior residual stresses induced by quenching may cause distortion during subsequent machining processes. Hence, various strategies have been employed to relieve the interior residual stress, such as stretching, post treatment, and other techniques. In this study, the stress distribution inside TiB₂/7050 Al composite extrusions was investigated and the effects of different methods on relieving

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2018 Materials

68. A Review of Apps for Calming, Relaxation, and Mindfulness Interventions for Pediatric Palliative Care Patients (PubMed)

of the 22 apps identified were included in the final analysis. The apps operated on either iOS or Android platforms. All were available in English with four available in Spanish. Apps featured a relaxation approach (12/16), soothing images (8/16), and breathing techniques (8/16). Mood and sleep patterns were the main symptoms targeted by apps. Provision of mobile apps resource summary has the potential to foster pediatric palliative care providers' knowledge of app functionality and applicability (...) A Review of Apps for Calming, Relaxation, and Mindfulness Interventions for Pediatric Palliative Care Patients Patients and families increasingly use mobile apps as a relaxation and distraction intervention for children with complex, chronic medical conditions in the waiting room setting or during inpatient hospitalizations; and yet, there is limited data on app quality assessment or review of these apps for level of engagement, functionality, aesthetics, or applicability for palliative

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2018 Children

69. Data on tensile tests and NMR measurements of poly(vinilidene fluoride) before and after stress relaxation (PubMed)

Data on tensile tests and NMR measurements of poly(vinilidene fluoride) before and after stress relaxation Poly(vinilidene fluoride) was characterized before and after stress relaxation by tensile tests and time-domain nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR). Tensile tests were performed to provide mechanical properties, focused on the data of elastic modulus for this matter. The TD-NMR technique was used to calculate the fraction of crystalline, constrained amorphous and free amorphous phase (...) , and the transversal relaxation time of each of these phases.

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2018 Data in brief

70. Functional Exercise Response on osteoArthritis Relaxation Imaging

disease can be diagnosed with X-ray, CT, and conventional MRI, but there are no validated methods to image early changes in cartilage microstructure, which are direly needed in early phase clinical development. Newly developed therapies and evaluation techniques are required at earlier stages of disease to offset the growing numbers and costs of end-stage disease. MRI can probe soft-tissue with physical measurements that are not available through other methods. Quantitative MRI signal relaxation (...) to these relaxation times, recovers within an hour after exercise in healthy runners, with the menisci lagging in their volume recovery rate. Previous exercise studies have not measured post-exercise cartilage recovery using compositional techniques, such as physiologically-sensitive T1ρ and T2, nor probed compositional responses with OA subjects. The investigators will examine a single knee of an initial 18 participants with MR. Participants will be drawn from two groups: (1) 12 participants aged 40-60 years old

2018 Clinical Trials

71. The relaxation effect of prolonged expiratory breathing (PubMed)

The relaxation effect of prolonged expiratory breathing This study was performed to confirm that autonomic nervous activity is affected by breathing speed. I hypothesized that prolonged expiratory breathing would promote parasympathetic dominance, whereas rapid breathing would promote sympathetic dominance. Ten healthy men, ages 21-28 years old, were instructed to perform prolonged expiratory breathing (6 seconds expiration, 4 seconds inspiration) after spontaneous breathing and rapid breathing (...) is an indirect, non-invasive method with clear limitations. The use of additional techniques should be considered to clarify the relationships between the breathing speed and the mind.

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2018 Mental illness

72. Neurologic adverse event avoidance in lateral lumbar interbody fusion: technical considerations using muscle relaxants (PubMed)

Neurologic adverse event avoidance in lateral lumbar interbody fusion: technical considerations using muscle relaxants The retroperitoneal trans-psoas extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) technique has improved over the last decade with increased efficiency and an emphasis on complication avoidance. After all known procedural safeguards are enacted, the most common failure of neuro-monitoring precision may be the use of non-depolarizing muscle relaxants (MR) for induction that is standard (...) MRs prior to intubation.A retrospective review of 74 consecutive patients treated at 150 levels with XLIF and no muscle relaxants (NMR) were compared to a group of 124 consecutive XLIF patients treated at 238 levels with MR. The surgeon upon discovering a small dose of rocuronium was used for intubation, questioned the effect on the neuromonitoring and NMR group was begun. All procedural technique details remained the same. All patients had XLIF at L3-4, L4-5, or both levels. Perioperative

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2018 Journal of Spine Surgery

73. Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) and Self-Regulation: A Comprehensive Review and Comparison of the Japanese Body Movement Approach (PubMed)

of SART as a bodymind approach by critically examining evidence and research gaps for future studies, comparing it with techniques established in the literature, and positing a self-regulatory framework for SART as a tool to become aware of bodily states, regulate mood, and manage stress through the deliberate practice of relaxation. (...) Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) and Self-Regulation: A Comprehensive Review and Comparison of the Japanese Body Movement Approach Relaxation programs are known for their versatility, cost-effectiveness, and ability to help people obtain skills to regulate their mental states and promote and maintain health. Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) is a body-oriented approach to psychological rehabilitation that grew out of the suite of movement tasks developed in the Japanese psychotherapy

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2018 Frontiers in human neuroscience

74. Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy Reveals Dynamics and Mechanisms of Solvent-Driven Inertial Relaxation in Polar BODIPY Dyes (PubMed)

visualization of the phenomenon. The analysis of the 2D data in terms of 2D frequency-frequency decay associated maps provides indeed not only the time scale of the relaxation process but also the starting and the final point of the energy flow and the associated reorganization energy, identified by looking at the coordinates of a negative signature below the diagonal. The sensitivity of the 2DES technique to vibrational coherence dynamics also allowed the identification of a possible relaxation mechanism (...) Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy Reveals Dynamics and Mechanisms of Solvent-Driven Inertial Relaxation in Polar BODIPY Dyes In this work, we demonstrate the use of two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy (2DES) to study the mechanism and time scale of the femtosecond Stokes shift dynamics in molecules characterized by intramolecular charge transfer, such as distyryl-functionalized boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) molecules. The obtained results demonstrate that 2DES allows clear and direct

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2018 The journal of physical chemistry letters

75. 15N detection harnesses the slow relaxation property of nitrogen: Delivering enhanced resolution for intrinsically disordered proteins (PubMed)

techniques. Here, we develop a suite of 3D 15N-detected experiments that take advantage of the slower transverse relaxation property of 15N nuclei, the associated narrower linewidth, and the greater chemical shift dispersion compared with those of 1H and 13C resonances. The six 3D experiments described here start with aliphatic 1H magnetization to take advantage of its higher initial polarization, and are broadly applicable for backbone assignment of proteins that are disordered, dynamic, or have (...) 15N detection harnesses the slow relaxation property of nitrogen: Delivering enhanced resolution for intrinsically disordered proteins Studies over the past decade have highlighted the functional significance of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs). Due to conformational heterogeneity and inherent dynamics, structural studies of IDPs have relied mostly on NMR spectroscopy, despite IDPs having characteristics that make them challenging to study using traditional 1H-detected biomolecular NMR

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2018 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

76. The effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety, and depression of pregnant women referred to health centers (PubMed)

The effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety, and depression of pregnant women referred to health centers If anxiety and depression do not detect in pregnant women, they may cause complications for the mother, child, and family, including postpartum depression. With regard to the administrative capability of relaxation in health centers, this study was conducted to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety (...) ) and control group (n = 33). DASS-21 was again completed in the 4th-7th weeks of beginning of the study by all women.Analysis of variance with repeated measures indicated significant differences in mean of scores of stress, anxiety, and depression at three different times in relaxation group (P < 0.05) whereas found no significant differences in the mean of scores of stress, anxiety, and depression in the control group.In this study, relaxation could reduce stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnant women

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2018 Journal of education and health promotion Controlled trial quality: uncertain

77. Hemodynamic and Metabolic Assessment of Neonates With Punctate White Matter Lesions Using Phase-Contrast MRI and T2-Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging (TRUST) MRI (PubMed)

Hemodynamic and Metabolic Assessment of Neonates With Punctate White Matter Lesions Using Phase-Contrast MRI and T2-Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging (TRUST) MRI The brain's hemodynamic and metabolism of punctate white matter lesions (PWML) is poorly understood due to a scarcity of non-invasive imaging techniques. The aim of this study was to apply new MRI techniques to quantify cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2), global cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen saturation fractions in venous blood (...) (Yv) and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in neonates with PWML, for better understanding of the pathophysiology of PWML. Fifty-one newborns were recruited continuously, including 23 neonatal patients with PWML and 28 normal control neonates. Phase-contrast (PC) MRI and T2-Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging (TRUST) MRI were performed for the measurement of CBF and Yv. OEF and CMRO2 were calculated from the CBF and Yv values. The total maturation score (TMS) was assessed for each neonate on standard T1

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2018 Frontiers in physiology

78. Investigating the Effects of the Progressive Muscle Relaxation-Guided Imagery Combination on Patients With Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy Treatment: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Investigating the Effects of the Progressive Muscle Relaxation-Guided Imagery Combination on Patients With Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy Treatment: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Previous systematic reviews indicate that progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and guided imagery (GI) are both effective interventions to decrease the psychological impact and to alleviate the adverse events in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment. To date, no review studies have (...) statement. Original articles investigating the application of both PMR and GI through a randomized trial on patients receiving chemotherapy were included. Those using PMR or GI alone and those combining other techniques together with PMR and GI were excluded. The trials' quality was assessed using the Jadad Scale.Eight papers reporting the results of seven independent trials were finally included. All of them included only breast cancer patients, apart from a single trial using a mixed sample of breast

2018 Explore (New York, N.Y.)

79. Effects of Different Relaxation Interventions on Reducing Stress in Chinese Breastfeeding Mothers

: University College, London Information provided by (Responsible Party): Mary Fewtrell, University College, London Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This pilot study aims to find the most effective relaxation technique to help primiparous mothers who are breastfeeding their infant. The effect of five different relaxation techniques on physical and psychological changes in Chinese mothers will be investigated. The interventions to be used in this study include: guided relaxation (...) Effects of Different Relaxation Interventions on Reducing Stress in Chinese Breastfeeding Mothers Effects of Different Relaxation Interventions on Reducing Stress in Chinese Breastfeeding Mothers - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove

2018 Clinical Trials

80. Therapeutic Relaxation, Health and Quality of Life

controlled trial aims to examine the effects of two therapeutic interventions programs based on the relaxation techniques mentioned above in health and quality of life indicators (daily activities, psychomotor abilities, cognitive functioning, emotional states, pain perception, quality of sleep, body awareness and body image) of community dwelling Portuguese elderly people. Subjects above 60 years living in the community will be invited to participate in this study and will be randomized by three groups (...) Therapeutic Relaxation, Health and Quality of Life Therapeutic Relaxation, Health and Quality of Life - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Therapeutic Relaxation, Health and Quality of Life

2018 Clinical Trials

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