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Relaxation Technique

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6521. Electroencephalographic (EEG) measurements of mindfulness-based Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique: a pilot study. (Abstract)

Electroencephalographic (EEG) measurements of mindfulness-based Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique: a pilot study. The "Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique" (TBRT) is a form of ancient Chinese mindfulness-based meditation professed to give rise to positive emotions and a specific state of consciousness in which deep relaxation and internalized attention coexist. The purpose of this study was to examine the EEG pattern generated during the practice of this mindfulness exercise

2008 Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6522. Breast core-needle biopsy: clinical trial of relaxation technique versus medication versus no intervention for anxiety reduction. (Abstract)

Breast core-needle biopsy: clinical trial of relaxation technique versus medication versus no intervention for anxiety reduction. To evaluate effectiveness of oral anxiolytic medication versus relaxation technique for anxiety reduction in women undergoing breast core-needle biopsy (CNB).The institutional review board reviewed and approved the study. Informed consent was obtained from 143 consecutive women scheduled for breast CNB. Women were randomized as follows: no anxiety intervention (usual (...) care group), relaxation therapy with an audiotape of classical music and ocean sounds during CNB (relaxation group), and 0.5-mg of alprazolam administered orally 15 minutes before CNB (medication group). Anxiety before, during, and 24 hours after the procedure was assessed with State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and self-reported visual analog scale from 0 (no anxiety) to 10 (worst anxiety). Data analysis was performed with statistical software. Descriptive statistics were computed for all variables

2005 Radiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6523. EEG spectral analysis of relaxation techniques. (Abstract)

EEG spectral analysis of relaxation techniques. The acute central nervous system effects of relaxation techniques (RT) have not been systematically studied. We conducted a controlled, randomized study of the central nervous system effects of RT using spectral analysis of EEG activity. Thirty-six subjects were randomized to either RT or a music comparison condition. After listening to an RT audiotape or music audiotapes daily for 6 weeks, the acute central nervous system effects of RT and music

2004 Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6524. The effects of prayer, relaxation technique during general anesthesia on recovery outcomes following cardiac surgery. (Abstract)

The effects of prayer, relaxation technique during general anesthesia on recovery outcomes following cardiac surgery. During general anesthesia the possibility of subconscious perception of intraoperative events is a controversial subject. Some studies found that positive verbal suggestions, or music improved intraoperative relaxation and postoperative recovery. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of prayer and relaxation technique applied while patients are under general (...) anesthesia for open-heart surgery. A randomized, controlled, double-blind trial study included 78 patients who underwent cardiac surgery. During the surgery the patients used a headphone connected to a CD player. They were randomly divided into three groups. One group listened to prayer during the surgery, the other listened to relaxation technique and one, placebo. There was only one significant finding: the prayer group is less likely to believe that prayer would assist conventional medical treatments

2007 Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice Controlled trial quality: predicted high

6525. Relaxation techniques for reducing pain and anxiety during screening mammography. (Abstract)

Relaxation techniques for reducing pain and anxiety during screening mammography. The purpose of this study was to determine whether listening to a relaxation audiotape before and during mammography decreases subjective reports of pain and anxiety.Listening to a relaxation or music audiotape before and during mammography does not reduce subjective reports of anxiety or pain. Women undergoing screening mammography report minimal levels of distress.

2005 AJR. American journal of roentgenology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6526. Effects of flotation-restricted environmental stimulation technique on stress-related muscle pain: what makes the difference in therapy--attention-placebo or the relaxation response? (Abstract)

Effects of flotation-restricted environmental stimulation technique on stress-related muscle pain: what makes the difference in therapy--attention-placebo or the relaxation response? The purpose of the present study was to examine the potential effects of attention-placebo on flotation tank therapy. Flotation-restricted environmental stimulation technique is a method whereby an individual lies in a floating tank and all stimuli are reduced to a minimum.Thirty-two patients were diagnosed (...) as having stress-related muscular pain. In addition, 16 of the participants had received the diagnosis of burnout depression. The patients were treated with flotation-restricted environmental stimulation technique for six weeks. One-half of the patients were also given special attention for 12 weeks (high attention), while the remainder received attention for only six weeks (normal attention).The participants exhibited lowered blood pressure, reduced pain, anxiety, depression, stress and negative

2005 Pain research & management : the journal of the Canadian Pain Society = journal de la société canadienne pour le traitement de la douleur

6527. Efficacy of 'functional relaxation' in comparison to terbutaline and a 'placebo relaxation' method in patients with acute asthma. A randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled, crossover experimental investigation. (Abstract)

Efficacy of 'functional relaxation' in comparison to terbutaline and a 'placebo relaxation' method in patients with acute asthma. A randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled, crossover experimental investigation. 'Functional relaxation' (FR) according to Marianne Fuchs is a body-oriented psychotherapy that involves teaching the patient a type of relaxation techniques aimed at maintaining equilibrium of the nervous system.In order to determine whether the practice of elementary parts (...) of this therapy has an immediate beneficial effect on pulmonary function, a randomized, single-blind, prospective crossover study was done with 21 asthmatics with acute bronchoconstriction. On 3 consecutive days they were given either (1) a 5-min verbal standard instruction in elementary exercises of FR (eFR), which they were to practice during subsequent bodyplethysmographic measurement or (2) inhalative terbutaline (IT), a beta(2)-sympathomimetic drug, or (3) an unspecific 'placebo relaxation' technique

2001 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6528. The Relaxation Inventory: self-report scales of relaxation training effects. (Abstract)

The Relaxation Inventory: self-report scales of relaxation training effects. The development of a self-report measure to assess the effects of relaxation training was examined. A rigorous statistical method of scale construction consisting of a modification of the scale discrimination technique was employed, resulting in a 45-item questionnaire representing three orthogonally derived scales. The three scales, Physiological Tension, Physical Assessment, and Cognitive Tension, demonstrated (...) adequate internal consistency with KR20 reliability coefficients of .89, .95, and .81, respectively. In a second study of predictive validity, 40 individuals were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: relaxation training, tension inducement, pre-postcontrol, or postcontrol. Univariate analysis of variance indicated significant findings for each of the three dimensions of the inventory. The Physiological Tension Scale detected significant increases in tension following tension inducement, whereas

1989 Journal of personality assessment Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6529. Effectiveness of relaxation and visualization techniques as an adjunct to phototherapy and photochemotherapy of psoriasis. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of relaxation and visualization techniques as an adjunct to phototherapy and photochemotherapy of psoriasis. 3049703 1988 11 07 2018 04 14 0190-9622 19 3 1988 Sep Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. Effectiveness of relaxation and visualization techniques as an adjunct to phototherapy and photochemotherapy of psoriasis. 572-4 Benhard J D JD Kristeller J J Kabat-Zinn J J eng Clinical Trial Letter Randomized Controlled Trial United States J Am Acad (...) Dermatol 7907132 0190-9622 IM Combined Modality Therapy Humans PUVA Therapy Psoriasis therapy Random Allocation Relaxation Therapy 1988 9 1 1988 9 1 0 1 1988 9 1 0 0 ppublish 3049703 S0190-9622(88)80329-3

1988 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6530. The effect of cervical spine isometric contract-relax technique on hamstring extensibility. (Abstract)

The effect of cervical spine isometric contract-relax technique on hamstring extensibility. Objectives: To re-investigate the effect of a cervical isometric contract-relax technique on hamstring extensibility and examine the duration of any treatment effect.Methods: Forty asymptomatic participants were randomly assigned equally to either an experimental or control group. Both groups underwent pre and post hamstring extensibility measurements using passive knee extension with the thigh (...) extensibility differences between or within the groups, immediately or at 30 minutes.Conclusion: The cervical isometric contract-relax treatment produced no significant effect to the extensibility of the hamstring. This study does not support the use of cervical techniques to alter hamstring extensibility.

2003 Australasian chiropractic & osteopathy : journal of the Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6531. Muscle relaxation techniques: a therapeutic tool for family physicians. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Muscle relaxation techniques: a therapeutic tool for family physicians. Muscle relaxation techniques are important adjunctive therapy for anxiety-related conditions. Family physicians can learn to teach the techniques so as to try helping anxious patients themselves rather than automatically referring them to a psychiatrist. The exercises are generally acceptable to patients, are easy to learn and do not require expensive equipment. They are beneficial in insomnia and tension headache, of some (...) value in chronic anxiety states and a useful adjunct in hypertension. In this paper the evidence supporting the value of muscle relaxation therapy is briefly reviewed, methods of teaching and of practising the techniques are described in detail, and answers to some of the questions and problems that may arise are presented.

1984 Canadian Medical Association Journal

6532. Biofeedback, Relaxation Techniques and Attitudinal Changes in Adolescents with Migraines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Biofeedback, Relaxation Techniques and Attitudinal Changes in Adolescents with Migraines From 3.2% to 9% of school-age children suffer from migraine headaches. Many physicians are concerned that pharmacological treatment of migraines can have undesirable side-effects, as well as lead to drug dependence in adolescents. A number of review articles have shown that biofeedback, behaviour modification and relaxation exercises can significantly help migraine sufferers. This article describes

1987 Canadian Family Physician

6533. Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: a meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: a meta-analysis. Hand and computer searches located studies on the effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety. Effect sizes for the different treatments (e.g., Progressive Relaxation, EMG Biofeedback, various forms of meditation, etc.) were calculated. Most of the treatments produced similar effect sizes except that Transcendental Meditation had significantly larger effect size (p less than .005), and meditation

1990 Journal of clinical psychology

6534. Personal power imagery and relaxation techniques used in smoking cessation programs. (Abstract)

Personal power imagery and relaxation techniques used in smoking cessation programs. Theoretically-based interventions are necessary for enhancing the power of self-control behaviors in smokers attempting to quit smoking cigarettes. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of guided imagery and relaxation techniques as interventions for smoking cessation. The relationship of imagery and self-control was also examined.A convenience sample of 84 adult smokers participated in one (...) of three treatment conditions: power imagery (n = 28), relaxation imagery (n = 29), and "placebo" control (n = 27). Treatment group members were taught imagery during a six-session smoking cessation program, and the control group was provided imagery training upon study completion.Smoking quit rates were 67% for the power imagery group, 69% for the relaxation group, and 27% for the control group. At a three-month follow-up, the power imagery group had a continued abstinence rate of 52% (relapse rate

1993 American journal of health promotion : AJHP

6535. Relaxation techniques for acute pain management: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Relaxation techniques for acute pain management: a systematic review. This review aims to document the effectiveness of relaxation techniques, when used alone for the management of acute pain, after surgery and during procedures. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was undertaken. Seven studies involving 362 patients were eligible for this review. One hundred and fifty patients received active relaxation as the sole intervention. Reports were sought by searching MEDLINE (...) , psycLIT, CINAHL, and the Oxford Pain Relief Database. The outcome measures used were pain and psychological factors. A meta-analysis was not possible, due to lack of primary data. Three of the seven studies demonstrated significantly less pain sensation and or pain distress in those who had relaxation. Four studies did not detect any difference. There was some weak evidence to support the use of relaxation in acute pain. However, this was not conclusive and many of both the positive and the negative

1998 Journal of advanced nursing

6536. Tracheal intubation without the use of muscle relaxants: a technique using propofol and varying doses of alfentanil. (Abstract)

Tracheal intubation without the use of muscle relaxants: a technique using propofol and varying doses of alfentanil. We have noted that tracheal intubation can be accomplished in many patients after induction of anesthesia with propofol and alfentanil without the simultaneous use of muscle relaxants. This study was designed to evaluate airway and intubating conditions after administration of propofol and alfentanil in 75 ASA physical status I or II outpatients with Mallampati class I airways (...) undergoing various surgical procedures. The patients were randomly assigned to one of five groups for induction of anesthesia. All patients received midazolam 1 mg IV before induction of anesthesia. Group I patients (n = 15) received d-tubocurarine 3 mg, thiamylal 4 mg/kg, and succinylcholine 1 mg/kg IV. Groups II-V patients (n = 15 each) received alfentanil 30, 40, 50, or 60 micrograms/kg followed by propofol 2 mg/kg IV. No muscle relaxants were given to patients in groups II-V. Airway management

1992 Anesthesia and analgesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6537. Using relaxation techniques and positive self-esteem to improve academic achievement of college students. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using relaxation techniques and positive self-esteem to improve academic achievement of college students. This study examined whether after 20 sessions over 10 weeks of Jacobson's muscle relaxation accompanied by encouragement of positive self-esteem academic examination scores of 22 undergraduate college students would improve by comparison with those of a control group of 30 students. The relaxation group had significantly higher examination grades than the control group

1995 Psychological reports Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6538. Effects of myofascial release leg pull and sagittal plane isometric contract-relax techniques on passive straight-leg raise angle. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of myofascial release leg pull and sagittal plane isometric contract-relax techniques on passive straight-leg raise angle. Experimental evidence does not currently exist to support the claims of clinical effectiveness for myofascial release techniques. This presents an obvious need to document the effects of myofascial release. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two techniques, sagittal plane isometric contract-relax and myofascial release leg pull for increasing (...) that while both contract-relax and leg pull techniques can significantly increase hip flexion ROM in normal subjects, contract-relax treatment may be more effective and efficient than leg pull treatment.

1994 The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6539. [Group techniques and relaxation in the treatment of several subtypes of anxiety: a non-randomized controlled trial]. (Abstract)

[Group techniques and relaxation in the treatment of several subtypes of anxiety: a non-randomized controlled trial]. To evaluate the impact of group relaxation on women suffering distress and general anxiety disorders.A non-randomised study with a control.A sample of 32 women between 25 and 55 in each group (intervention and control) was used. They belonged to the El Naranjo Health District and fitted the diagnostic criteria. The intervention group underwent a course of group techniques (...) and relaxation. Anxiety was evaluated using the STAI state-characteristic test, before and after intervention, for both groups. A qualitative evaluation using discussion groups was also made.At the start of the study, the two groups were homogeneous regarding all the variables. The anxiety-state mean in the post-test for the study group was 22.96 +/- 13.3; and for the control group, 33.3 +/- 13.17, a statistically significant difference (p = 0.004). The post-test mean of the anxiety characteristic

1997 Atencion primaria / Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria

6540. Intubation without muscle relaxant: an alternative technique for rapid tracheal intubation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intubation without muscle relaxant: an alternative technique for rapid tracheal intubation. The quality of laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation with propofol augmented by alfentanil was investigated as an alternative technique for rapid tracheal intubation. 119 patients aged between 18 and 60 years (ASA 1 and 2) undergoing elective surgery were prospectively studied in a randomized double-blind controlled fashion. Tracheal intubation facilitated by suxamethonium 1.0 mg/kg alfentanil 15 mu g/kg (...) alfentanil 30 mu g/kg or saline control was compared after propofol induction. The quality of laryngoscopy and intubation were graded according to jaw relaxation, ease of insertion of the endotracheal tube and coughing on intubation. Failure to intubate occurred in 4% and 17% with alfentanil 15 mu g/kg and saline control respectively Tracheal intubation was successful in all patients with alfentanil 30 mu g/kg and suxamethonium 1.0 mg/kg. Alfentanil 15 mu g/kg was not statistically significantly

1996 Anaesthesia and intensive care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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