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Relaxation Technique

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6521. Relaxing retinotomy with silicone oil or long-acting gas in eyes with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Silicone Study Report 5. The Silicone Study Group. (Abstract)

eyes. We conclude that eyes undergoing a vitreous operation for the first time for the treatment of proliferative vitreoretinopathy can in most instances be successfully treated by conventional techniques without the need for relaxing retinotomy. Retinotomy may be required more often in patients undergoing repeat vitreous surgery for proliferative vitreoretinopathy, in which case both silicone oil and long-acting perflouropropane gas appear to be equally effective. (...) Relaxing retinotomy with silicone oil or long-acting gas in eyes with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Silicone Study Report 5. The Silicone Study Group. In the Silicone Study, 117 of 404 eyes (29%) with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy (> or = C-3, full-thickness retinal folds in three or more quadrants) enrolled in the study were treated with vitrectomy, underwent a relaxing retinotomy, and were randomly assigned to treatment with long-acting gas or silicone oil. Forty-six eyes

1993 American journal of ophthalmology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6522. Controlled examination of effects of progressive relaxation training on seizure reduction. (Abstract)

a decrease in seizure frequency (p less than 0.01), and in the QS group, 7 reported a decrease (p greater than 0.05). The mean decrease in seizure frequency was 29% for the PRT group (p less than 0.01) but only 3% for the QS group (p greater than 0.05). This is the fifth recent report of a controlled study documenting the success of progressive relaxation therapy in seizure reduction. PRT is inexpensive and noninvasive and facilitates patient participation. Such a technique should be incorporated (...) Controlled examination of effects of progressive relaxation training on seizure reduction. We determined the efficacy of progressive muscle relaxation in reducing seizure frequency. Subjects were 24 people with epilepsy attending an urban neurology clinic. The experimental design consisted of an 8-week baseline period, a treatment period of six sessions of progressive relaxation training (PRT, n = 13) or quiet sitting (QS, n = 11) and an 8-week follow up. In the PRT group, 11 subjects reported

1992 Epilepsia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6523. [Shortest possible muscle relaxation in children using atracurium and/or vecuronium]. (Abstract)

minutes later by a main dose of V 0.04 mg kg-1 BW or A 0.2 mg kg-1 BW were found to be in good or even very good intubation condition. These minimal doses afforded very short relaxation times, which are next in line to succinylcholin. A combination of V and A in the "priming"-technique did not lead to better conditions of any clinical relevance. Medium range non-depolarising muscle blockers, as they are available to the pediatric anesthetist nowadays, seem to compare favourable with the use (...) [Shortest possible muscle relaxation in children using atracurium and/or vecuronium]. The aim of this study was to monitor accelographically the impact of atracurium (A) and/or vecuronium (V) on intubation anaesthesia in infants and/or children for elective surgery or minor short-term surgery. An intra-individual evaluation is valid even though a very practical but less established monitoring method is used. Infants receiving a "priming"-dose of V 0.01 mg kg-1 BW or A 0.05 mg kg-1 BW followed 3

1993 Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6524. Propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia without muscle relaxants allow the early extubation of myasthenic patients. (Full text)

Propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia without muscle relaxants allow the early extubation of myasthenic patients. To compare two non-muscle relaxant anesthetic techniques in myasthenic patients undergoing trans-sternal thymectomy, evaluating the intra- and postoperative conditions including the early extubation in the operating room.Sixty-eight consecutive myasthenic patients undergoing trans-sternal thymectomy were prospectively randomized in two groups: propofol and sevoflurane. In both groups (...) patients. We did not observe any other significant differences between the two groups studied.Our data show that these two anesthetic techniques allow the early extubation of myasthenic patients in the operating room.

2003 Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthesie Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

6525. Efficacy of IV Buscopan as a muscle relaxant in CT colonography. (Abstract)

Efficacy of IV Buscopan as a muscle relaxant in CT colonography. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of IV Buscopan as a muscle relaxant in CT colonography in terms of colonic distension and polyp detection, and to determine its particular efficacy in patients with diverticular disease. Seventy-three consecutive patients were randomised to receive IV Buscopan or no muscle relaxant prior to CT colonography. CT colonography was performed using a Siemens Somatom 4-detector multislice (...) to supine scanning was found to be the most useful technique for maximising colonic distension. Intravenous Buscopan at CT colonography does not improve the overall adequacy of colonic distension nor the accuracy of polyp detection. In patients with sigmoid diverticular disease IV Buscopan improves distension of more proximal colonic segments and may be useful in selected cases, but our results do not support its routine use for CT colonography.

2003 European radiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6526. Relaxation and imagery for anxiety and depression control in community patients with advanced cancer. (Abstract)

relaxation training, (2) guided imagery training, (3) both of these treatments, and (4) control group. Subjects were tested before and after learning muscle relaxation and guided imagery techniques for anxiety, depression, and quality of life using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and the Functional Living Index-Cancer scale. There was no significant improvement for anxiety; however, significant positive changes occurred for depression and quality of life. (...) Relaxation and imagery for anxiety and depression control in community patients with advanced cancer. A community-based nursing study was conducted in Sydney, Australia, to compare the effects of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on anxiety, depression, and quality of life in people with advanced cancer. In this study, 56 people with advanced cancer who were experiencing anxiety and depression were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment conditions: (1) progressive muscle

2002 Cancer nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6527. Sensory stimulation (snoezelen) versus relaxation: a potential strategy for the management of chronic pain. (Abstract)

Sensory stimulation (snoezelen) versus relaxation: a potential strategy for the management of chronic pain. The sensory environment (Snoezelen) has been advocated by those working in the field of learning disabilities and mental health as a strategy to induce relaxation. The purpose of the current study was to explore this potential within the field of pain management where the use of relaxation techniques is often employed as a strategy for the management of chronic pain. Thus the current (...) study was designed in order to determine the use of the sensory environment compared against a traditional relaxation programme used within a District General hospital pain clinic.Seventy three patients were randomly allocated into either a control or experimental group. Data collection involved the administration of questionnaires, which were selected in order to reflect the multidimensional nature of the chronic pain experience. Hence measures included: pain intensity, pain quality, anxiety

2000 Disability and rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6528. Functional relaxation as a somatopsychotherapeutic intervention: a prospective controlled study. (Abstract)

will report less pain than before they learned this technique.Randomized, prospective, single-blind, controlled trial. Standardized elements of functional relaxation were compared to a placebo-relaxation technique, a simple isotomic exercise of the hand.Primary care, ambulatory private practice.Twelve matched pairs were chosen according to age, sex, and initial pain intensity. This poststratification was performed on patients, who kept a complete pain diary covering 60 days before and 60 days after (...) Functional relaxation as a somatopsychotherapeutic intervention: a prospective controlled study. Functional relaxation is based on concentration on body perception while moving the joints of the skeleton smoothly and simultaneously breathing out. Case reports have shown that patients with headaches can profit from functional relaxation.To examine whether patients with chronic tension headaches (International Headache Society diagnosis) who use functional relaxation as a complementary treatment

2000 Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6529. The use of relaxation, hypnosis, and imagery in sport psychiatry. (Abstract)

The use of relaxation, hypnosis, and imagery in sport psychiatry. Hypnosis is a procedure during which a mental health professional suggests that a patient experience changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, or behavior. The purpose of this article is to briefly describe the use of various methods of relaxation, hypnosis, and imagery techniques available to enhance athletic performance. The characteristics that these techniques have in common include relaxation, suggestibility

2005 Clinics in Sports Medicine

6530. Applied relaxation vs. cognitive therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. (Abstract)

Applied relaxation vs. cognitive therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. The present study investigated the efficacy of a coping-technique, applied relaxation (AR) and cognitive therapy (CT), in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Thirty-six outpatients fulfilling the DSM-III-R criteria for generalized anxiety were assessed with independent assessor ratings and self-report scales before and after treatment and at a 1 yr follow-up. The patients were randomized

2000 Behaviour research and therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6531. A novel S-nitrosothiol (RIG200) causes prolonged relaxation in dorsal hand veins with damaged endothelium. (Abstract)

A novel S-nitrosothiol (RIG200) causes prolonged relaxation in dorsal hand veins with damaged endothelium. Reduced nitric oxide bioavailability caused by endothelial dysfunction or damage is a contributory factor in the initiation and progression of a number of cardiovascular diseases. Delivery of exogenous nitric oxide is an attractive therapeutic option, but current agents lack selectivity for areas of endothelial damage. We tested the hypothesis that a novel nitric oxide donor drug, N-(S (...) hand veins with use of the Aellig technique. In this doubleblind study, subjects were randomly assigned to receive either sodium nitroprusside or RIG200 (infusions of 0.06 and 6 nmol/min into the hand vein) before and 2 days after 15 minutes of local venous irription with distilled water. Endothelial function was assessed in all subjects on both visits with use of the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine (1 nmol/min).Irrigation of hand veins with distilled water abolished endothelium

2000 Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6532. The effect of different doses of propofol on tracheal intubating conditions without muscle relaxant in children. (Abstract)

The effect of different doses of propofol on tracheal intubating conditions without muscle relaxant in children. Situations may occur in anaesthetic practice where the use of neuromuscular blocking drugs is unsuitable or contraindicated. We investigated the use of propofol given 5 min after fentanyl to permit endotracheal intubation in children.We studied the intubating conditions and cardiovascular parameters in 60 ASA I and II children. Intravenous midazolam (0.1 mg kg(-1)) was given (...) alternative technique for tracheal intubation when neuromuscular blocking drugs are contraindicated or should be avoided.

2001 European Journal of Anaesthesiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6533. The effects of relaxation response meditation on the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome: results of a controlled treatment study. (Abstract)

The effects of relaxation response meditation on the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome: results of a controlled treatment study. In this study, Herbert Benson's (1975) Relaxation Response Meditation program was tested as a possible treatment for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Participants were 16 adults who were matched into pairs based on presence of Axis I disorder, primary IBS symptoms and demographic features and randomized to either a six week meditation condition or a six week wait (...) list symptom monitoring condition. Thirteen participants completed treatment and follow-up. All subjects assigned to the Wait List were subsequently treated. Patients in the treatment condition were taught the meditation technique and asked to practice it twice a day for 15 minutes. Composite Primary IBS Symptom Reduction (CPSR) scores were calculated for each patient from end of baseline to two weeks post-treatment (or to post wait list). One tailed independent sample t-tests revealed

2001 Behaviour research and therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6534. A pilot study of the use of progressive muscle relaxation training in the management of post-chemotherapy nausea and vomiting. (Abstract)

A pilot study of the use of progressive muscle relaxation training in the management of post-chemotherapy nausea and vomiting. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the effectiveness of using progressive muscle relaxation training (PMRT) in the management of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting in Chinese breast cancer patients receiving doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide as well as feasibility issues for a larger study. Eight patients were randomly assigned to receive either oral anti (...) . The duration and intensity of vomiting were also lower in the experimental group. Delayed nausea and vomiting was observed in both groups. Despite the small sample size, the study showed that PMRT is an effective adjuvant method to decrease nausea and vomiting in chemotherapy patients. This has implications for nursing practice, as it is a low-cost and easy-to-leam technique that can be incorporated in the care planning of patients receiving chemotherapy.

2000 European journal of cancer care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6535. The impact of foot massage and guided relaxation following cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

relaxation to improve psychological wellbeing. Both interventions were well received by the subjects.These interventions appear to be effective, noninvasive techniques for promoting psychological wellbeing in this patient group. Further investigation is indicated. (...) The impact of foot massage and guided relaxation following cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial. Because of the widely presumed association between heart disease and psychological wellbeing, the use of so-called 'complementary' therapies as adjuncts to conventional treatment modalities have been the subject of considerable debate. The present study arose from an attempt to identify a safe and effective therapeutic intervention to promote wellbe ing, which could be practicably

2002 Journal of advanced nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6536. The effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation training in managing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in Chinese breast cancer patients: a randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

The effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation training in managing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in Chinese breast cancer patients: a randomised controlled trial. This study was a randomised controlled trial designed to assess the effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation training (PMRT) in the clinical management of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting as an adjuvant intervention to accompany pharmacological antiemetic treatment (metoclopramide and dexamethasone i.v (...) .). Seventy-one chemotherapy-naive breast cancer patients of an outpatient oncology unit of a university hospital in Hong Kong participated, with 38 subjects randomised to the experimental group and 33 to the control group. The intervention included the use of PMRT 1 h before chemotherapy was administered and daily thereafter for another 5 days (for a total of six PMRT sessions). Each session lasted for 25 min and was followed by 5 min of imagery techniques. The instruments used for data collection

2002 Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6537. The effects of movement, relaxation, and education on the stress levels of women with subclinical levels of bulimia. (Abstract)

for the study, participants had to be female, not be anorexic, and meet one of four criteria indicating that they had some of the symptoms of BN. Following the screening, 12 females were randomly assigned to a control group (C, n=6) or an intervention group (I, n=6). The I group then participated in an 8-week multidisciplinary intervention program consisting of small group discussions, movement improvisation, and relaxation techniques. Dependent variables consisted of scores from standardized instruments (...) The effects of movement, relaxation, and education on the stress levels of women with subclinical levels of bulimia. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a multidisciplinary intervention program on the attitudes and symptoms associated with bulimia nervosa (BN). The Bulimia Test (BULIT) and subscales from the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2) associated with BN were administered to 373 females to determine eligibility for participation in the study. In order to qualify

2003 Eating behaviors Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6538. Muscle relaxants in neurosurgical anaesthesia: a critical appraisal. (Abstract)

Muscle relaxants in neurosurgical anaesthesia: a critical appraisal. The use of muscle relaxants, considered until recently as common practice in current neurosurgical anaesthesia protocols, becomes increasingly more questionable today. The reasons rely on the evolution of neurosurgery including the advent of new surgical techniques, the evolution of anaesthesia having the benefit of new drugs and devices, and the rationale for using muscle relaxants balanced against their potential side

2003 European Journal of Anaesthesiology

6539. T(1rho) relaxation can assess longitudinal proteoglycan loss from articular cartilage in vitro. (Abstract)

digestions with trypsin on a 2T whole-body magnet. Proteoglycan and collagen loss induced by the trypsin digestion was measured using standard biochemical techniques. The correlation between changes in relaxation times and PG loss were tested with regression analysis. T(1rho) MRI was also performed on a clinical 1.5T MRI system to determine whether the spatial distribution of PG loss could be detected. The MRI results were compared with histology sections of native and PG-depleted tissue. Results (...) The results of this study demonstrate that T(1rho) relaxation changes are correlated with PG loss in vitro. Furthermore, T(1rho) measurements alone can be used to indicate PG loss data. T(1rho) MRI may thus be developed into a useful adjunct to existing techniques for the evaluation of cartilage disease.Copyright 2002 OsteoArthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

2002 Osteoarthritis and Cartilage

6540. The molecular site of action of K(ATP) channel inhibitors determines their ability to inhibit iNOS-mediated relaxation in rat aorta. (Abstract)

The molecular site of action of K(ATP) channel inhibitors determines their ability to inhibit iNOS-mediated relaxation in rat aorta. ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are important modulators of vascular tone. Abnormal activation of these channels via over production of nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in endotoxin-induced hypotension. However, based on studies with the sulphonylurea K(ATP) channel inhibitor, glibenclamide, there is little evidence to support their role (...) in mediating vasorelaxation to endotoxin in isolated blood vessels. In the present study, we investigated whether NO derived from inducible NO synthase (iNOS) modulates K(ATP) channel function in rat aorta.Using standard organ bath techniques, the effects of structurally unrelated K(ATP) channel inhibitors on the vasorelaxant responses to L-arginine (iNOS substrate), NO, levcromakalim (K(ATP) channel opener) and forskolin were investigated in endothelium-denuded aortic rings exposed to endotoxin

2002 Cardiovascular Research

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