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Relaxation Technique

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6501. [Muscle relaxants for kidney transplantation. A comparison between vecuronium and atracurium]. (Abstract)

[Muscle relaxants for kidney transplantation. A comparison between vecuronium and atracurium]. A total of 26 patients with end-stage renal failure were assigned randomly to receive either atracurium (A) or vecuronium (V) for intra-operative relaxation during kidney transplantation. Following the induction of balanced anesthesia an initial bolus dose of A 0,5 mg/kg body weight (BW) or V 0,1 mg/kg BW was administered. Relaxation was maintained by repeated doses of A 0,1 mg/kg BW or V 0,02 mg/kg (...) BW whenever the twitch height (T1) recovered to 20% of the control value. Neuromuscular function was monitored throughout using the train-of-four twitch technique. There were no significant differences in time of onset (A: 219 +/- 87 s, V: 206 +/- 70 s), initial clinical duration (T1 = 0% to T1 = 20%; A: 39 +/- 12 min, V 39 +/- 8 min) or recovery index (A: 19 +/- 6 min, V: 22 +/- 7 min). The clinical duration (T1 = 20% to T1 = 20%) was significantly different for A, with 27 +/- 9 min than for V

1990 Der Anaesthesist Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6502. A controlled evaluation of the addition of cognitive therapy to a home-based biofeedback and relaxation treatment of vascular headache. (Abstract)

A controlled evaluation of the addition of cognitive therapy to a home-based biofeedback and relaxation treatment of vascular headache. Seventy-six patients with vascular (migraine or mixed migraine and tension) headache (HA) participated in a controlled evaluation of a minimal-therapist-contact, largely home-based, treatment program which combined relaxation (R) training with thermal biofeedback (TBF). One group received TBF + R administered in 3 office visit over 8 weeks, supplemented (...) by audio tapes and manuals. A second group received the TBF + R plus instruction in cognitive stress coping techniques, all of which was administered in 5 office visits over 8 weeks. A third group monitored headache activity for 8 weeks. Evaluations, based on 4 weeks of HA diary at pre-treatment and after treatment, revealed significantly greater reductions in HA activity and medication consumption for both treated groups than the HA monitoring controls who did not change. Significantly more

1990 Headache

6503. Relaxation imagery used for stress reduction in the prevention of smoking relapse. (Abstract)

Relaxation imagery used for stress reduction in the prevention of smoking relapse. Many ex-smokers fail to remain abstinent after the completion of a formal cessation programme, and relapse rates of 60% to 80% are common. Smokers identify stress as a major factor in relapse. Healthy coping skills are required to prevent a return to smoking. The effectiveness of relaxation imagery was investigated for reducing stress and prolonging abstinence in adult ex-smokers. Volunteer subjects (n = 76) were (...) solicited after completing a local smoking cessation programme, and participants were randomly assigned to an experimental imagery group (n = 39) and to a control group (n = 37). Both groups met for a 3-month period, and experimental group members received instruction in imagery techniques. A 2 x 3 repeated-measures MANOVA with post hoc procedures demonstrated significant changes in variables over time, resulting in enhanced imagery effectiveness, reduced stress, and greater abstinence for the group

1992 Journal of advanced nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6504. A randomized clinical trial of alprazolam versus progressive muscle relaxation in cancer patients with anxiety and depressive symptoms. (Abstract)

A randomized clinical trial of alprazolam versus progressive muscle relaxation in cancer patients with anxiety and depressive symptoms. A randomized nonblinded study was performed in three cancer centers to test over a 10-day period the efficacy of (1) a triazolobenzodiazepine, alprazolam, 0.5 mg three times a day and (2) use of a behavioral technique in which patients were trained in progressive muscle relaxation at an initial session with a behavioral psychologist and then asked to listen (...) at home to an audiotape of the session three times a day. Of 147 cancer patients who met entry levels of distress and completed the study, uncontrolled for site or disease stage, 70 were randomized to drug, 77 to relaxation. Four measures of anxiety and depression were used: Covi, Raskin, Affects Balance, and Symptoms Checklist-90 (SCL-90). Results showed that both treatment arms resulted in significant (P less than .001) decrease in observer and patient-reported anxious and depressed mood symptoms

1991 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6505. Effect of relaxation therapy on post-myocardial infarction patients' rehabilitation. (Abstract)

Effect of relaxation therapy on post-myocardial infarction patients' rehabilitation. This research measured the physical and psychosocial effects of the practice of Benson's relaxation technique by male postmyocardial infarction patients enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation program and determined if the patient's behavioral style (Type A or Type B) was related to the outcomes. Twenty-seven subjects completed the experimental condition; 30, the control condition. Outcome measures included blood (...) pressure, heart rate, aerobic conditioning level (MET level), and psychosocial functioning, as measured by the Sickness Impact Profile. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to determine if relaxation therapy and/or behavior style had an effect on measures of the effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation. The practice of relaxation was found to have a significant effect on diastolic blood pressure. Behavior style was unrelated to the outcome measures.

1988 Nursing research

6506. The effects of movement, relaxation, and education on the stress levels of women with subclinical levels of bulimia. (Abstract)

for the study, participants had to be female, not be anorexic, and meet one of four criteria indicating that they had some of the symptoms of BN. Following the screening, 12 females were randomly assigned to a control group (C, n=6) or an intervention group (I, n=6). The I group then participated in an 8-week multidisciplinary intervention program consisting of small group discussions, movement improvisation, and relaxation techniques. Dependent variables consisted of scores from standardized instruments (...) The effects of movement, relaxation, and education on the stress levels of women with subclinical levels of bulimia. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a multidisciplinary intervention program on the attitudes and symptoms associated with bulimia nervosa (BN). The Bulimia Test (BULIT) and subscales from the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2) associated with BN were administered to 373 females to determine eligibility for participation in the study. In order to qualify

2003 Eating behaviors Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6507. Muscle relaxants in neurosurgical anaesthesia: a critical appraisal. (Abstract)

Muscle relaxants in neurosurgical anaesthesia: a critical appraisal. The use of muscle relaxants, considered until recently as common practice in current neurosurgical anaesthesia protocols, becomes increasingly more questionable today. The reasons rely on the evolution of neurosurgery including the advent of new surgical techniques, the evolution of anaesthesia having the benefit of new drugs and devices, and the rationale for using muscle relaxants balanced against their potential side

2003 European Journal of Anaesthesiology

6508. The use of relaxation, hypnosis, and imagery in sport psychiatry. (Abstract)

The use of relaxation, hypnosis, and imagery in sport psychiatry. Hypnosis is a procedure during which a mental health professional suggests that a patient experience changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, or behavior. The purpose of this article is to briefly describe the use of various methods of relaxation, hypnosis, and imagery techniques available to enhance athletic performance. The characteristics that these techniques have in common include relaxation, suggestibility

2005 Clinics in Sports Medicine

6509. Relaxation training as a treatment for chronic pain caused by ulcerative colitis. (Abstract)

Relaxation training as a treatment for chronic pain caused by ulcerative colitis. Relaxation training was found to be highly successful in ameliorating pain in a population that has not been studied before--individuals with ulcerative colitis. Twenty subjects with chronic pain due to ulcerative colitis received 6 weekly training sessions of 75 min duration in the technique of progressive relaxation, and another 20 subjects with the same condition constituted an attention control group

1987 Pain

6510. Relaxation and memory training in 39 elderly patients. (Abstract)

Relaxation and memory training in 39 elderly patients. A group of 39 elderly subjects whose mean age was 76 years were taught a standard mnemonic technique to improve face and name recall. About half of the subjects (the experimental group) received relaxation training before learning the mnemonic, and the remainder (the control group) were taught a nonspecific method to improve attitudes. Final performance on name and face recall improved significantly more in the experimental group (...) , and this improvement was significantly correlated with decreased state anxiety scores. These results indicate that relaxation training may enhance the ability of elderly individuals to benefit from memory and similar training programs.

1984 The American Journal of Psychiatry

6511. Leukocyte relaxation properties. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Leukocyte relaxation properties. Study of the mechanical properties of leukocytes is useful to understand their passage through narrow capillaries and interaction with other cells. Leukocytes are known to be viscoelastic and their properties have been established by micropipette aspiration techniques. Here, the recovery of leukocytes to their normal spherical form is studied after prolonged deformation in a pipette which is large enough to permit complete entry of the leukocyte. The recovery

1988 Biophysical journal

6512. Mindfulness Relaxation Compared With Relaxing Music and Standard Symptom Management Education in Treating Patients Who Are Undergoing Chemotherapy For Newly Diagnosed Solid Tumors

a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00086762 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : July 12, 2004 Last Update Posted : July 12, 2018 Sponsor: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Collaborator: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Information provided by (Responsible Party): M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: RATIONALE: Mindfulness relaxation, a technique (...) undergo mindfulness relaxation (MR) therapy comprising listening to instructions on breathing techniques and other mind and body relaxation practices on compact disc for 30 minutes before and during each chemotherapy session AND at least once daily for the entire duration of chemotherapy treatment. (Pilot phase completed as of 3/10/2012.) Randomized phase: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients undergo MR therapy as in the pilot phase. Arm II: Patients listen to relaxing

2004 Clinical Trials

6513. Mozart versus new age music: relaxation states, stress, and ABC relaxation theory. (Abstract)

psychological relaxation and less stress than either those who listened to New Age music or read popular recreational magazines. Results suggest the usefulness of ABC relaxation theory in comparing the different effects of music and relaxation techniques. (...) Mozart versus new age music: relaxation states, stress, and ABC relaxation theory. Smith's (2001) Attentional Behavioral Cognitive (ABC) relaxation theory proposes that all approaches to relaxation (including music) have the potential for evoking one or more of 15 factor-analytically derived relaxation states, or "R-States" (Sleepiness, Disengagement, Rested / Refreshed, Energized, Physical Relaxation, At Ease/Peace, Joy, Mental Quiet, Childlike Innocence, Thankfulness and Love, Mystery, Awe

2004 Journal of music therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6514. Relaxation strategies and enhancement of hypnotic susceptibility: EEG neurofeedback, progressive muscle relaxation and self-hypnosis. (Abstract)

Relaxation strategies and enhancement of hypnotic susceptibility: EEG neurofeedback, progressive muscle relaxation and self-hypnosis. Hypnosis has been shown to be efficacious in a range of clinical conditions, including the management of chronic pain. However, not all individuals are able to enter a hypnotic state, thereby limiting the clinical utility of this technique. We sought to determine whether hypnotic susceptibility could be increased using three methods thought to facilitate (...) relaxation, with particular interest in an EEG neurofeedback protocol which elevated the theta to alpha ratio. This was compared with progressive muscle relaxation and self-hypnosis. Ten subjects with moderate levels of susceptibility (2-7/12) were randomly assigned to each condition and assessed for hypnotic susceptibility prior to and upon completion of 10 sessions of training. Hypnotic susceptibility increased post-training in all groups, providing further evidence that operant control over the theta

2006 Brain research bulletin Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6515. Intraoperative relaxed muscle positioning technique for strabismus repair in thyroid eye disease. (Abstract)

Intraoperative relaxed muscle positioning technique for strabismus repair in thyroid eye disease. To describe the outcomes of a relaxed muscle technique for treatment of dysthyroid strabismus.Retrospective consecutive case series.Twenty-four patients with thyroid-related orbitopathy (TRO) underwent strabismus surgery using a novel relaxed muscle technique.Charts of all patients who underwent rectus muscle recession surgery using a relaxed muscle technique between 1997 and 2004 were reviewed (...) to eliminate diplopia (maximum R2 = 0.7292). There were no complications.The relaxed muscle technique provides excellent ocular alignment and relief from diplopia in a majority of patients with TRO-associated strabismus. Patients who develop diplopia only after orbital decompression may have a higher success rate.

2006 Ophthalmology

6516. Relaxation technique and postoperative pain in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. (Abstract)

Relaxation technique and postoperative pain in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A two-group pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design was used to determine the effectiveness of a slow, deep-breathing relaxation technique in relieving postoperative pain after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. A convenience sample of 29 subjects was divided into an experimental group (n = 15), who received relaxation training on the evening before surgery and performed the technique after surgery (...) , and a control group (n = 14), who did not receive relaxation training. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. Significant decreases were demonstrated as a result of relaxation, in blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and report of pain on the visual descriptor scale. No significant differences were seen in analgesic use or visual analogue scale scores. Eleven subjects (73.3%) said the technique was helpful in their pain management. All experimental subjects stated that the relaxation

1990 Heart & lung : the journal of critical care

6517. A randomized trial of the effect of training in relaxation and guided imagery techniques in improving psychological and quality-of-life indices for gynecologic and breast brachytherapy patients. (Abstract)

A randomized trial of the effect of training in relaxation and guided imagery techniques in improving psychological and quality-of-life indices for gynecologic and breast brachytherapy patients. The randomized study aimed to determine the efficacy of psychological intervention consisting of relaxation and guided imagery to reduce anxiety and depression in gynecologic and breast cancer patients undergoing brachytherapy during hospitalization.Sixty-six patients programmed to receive brachytherapy (...) : Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida QL-CA-AFex (CCV), prior to, during and after brachytherapy.The study group demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in anxiety (p=0.008), depression (p=0.03) and body discomfort (p=0.04) compared with the control group.The use of relaxation techniques and guided imagery is effective in reducing the levels of anxiety, depression and body discomfort in patients who must remain isolated while undergoing brachytherapy. This simple and inexpensive intervention enhances

2007 Psycho-oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6518. Differential effects of relaxation techniques on ultraweak photon emission. (Abstract)

Differential effects of relaxation techniques on ultraweak photon emission. Evidence has accumulated favoring the possible role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases. Meditation is utilized as an adjunct to conventional medical treatment for several clinical conditions. A few studies suggest a role of long-term meditation in the control of the free-radical metabolism. Many techniques for recording reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been made available. However, most (...) are invasive and none are applicable to all conditions. Attention has recently been drawn to spontaneous ultraweak photon emission (UPE). However, the application of this method in meditation studies is very limited.The present study recorded spontaneous UPE at multiple anatomic locations of subjects with long-term experience in transcendental meditation (TM) and compared this with a group that practiced other meditation techniques (OMT) and with subjects having no meditation experience.The study examined

2008 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

6519. Electroencephalographic (EEG) measurements of mindfulness-based Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique: a pilot study. (Abstract)

Electroencephalographic (EEG) measurements of mindfulness-based Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique: a pilot study. The "Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique" (TBRT) is a form of ancient Chinese mindfulness-based meditation professed to give rise to positive emotions and a specific state of consciousness in which deep relaxation and internalized attention coexist. The purpose of this study was to examine the EEG pattern generated during the practice of this mindfulness exercise

2008 Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6520. Breast core-needle biopsy: clinical trial of relaxation technique versus medication versus no intervention for anxiety reduction. (Abstract)

Breast core-needle biopsy: clinical trial of relaxation technique versus medication versus no intervention for anxiety reduction. To evaluate effectiveness of oral anxiolytic medication versus relaxation technique for anxiety reduction in women undergoing breast core-needle biopsy (CNB).The institutional review board reviewed and approved the study. Informed consent was obtained from 143 consecutive women scheduled for breast CNB. Women were randomized as follows: no anxiety intervention (usual (...) care group), relaxation therapy with an audiotape of classical music and ocean sounds during CNB (relaxation group), and 0.5-mg of alprazolam administered orally 15 minutes before CNB (medication group). Anxiety before, during, and 24 hours after the procedure was assessed with State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and self-reported visual analog scale from 0 (no anxiety) to 10 (worst anxiety). Data analysis was performed with statistical software. Descriptive statistics were computed for all variables

2005 Radiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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