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Relaxation Technique

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6461. [Muscle relaxants for kidney transplantation. A comparison between vecuronium and atracurium]. (Abstract)

[Muscle relaxants for kidney transplantation. A comparison between vecuronium and atracurium]. A total of 26 patients with end-stage renal failure were assigned randomly to receive either atracurium (A) or vecuronium (V) for intra-operative relaxation during kidney transplantation. Following the induction of balanced anesthesia an initial bolus dose of A 0,5 mg/kg body weight (BW) or V 0,1 mg/kg BW was administered. Relaxation was maintained by repeated doses of A 0,1 mg/kg BW or V 0,02 mg/kg (...) BW whenever the twitch height (T1) recovered to 20% of the control value. Neuromuscular function was monitored throughout using the train-of-four twitch technique. There were no significant differences in time of onset (A: 219 +/- 87 s, V: 206 +/- 70 s), initial clinical duration (T1 = 0% to T1 = 20%; A: 39 +/- 12 min, V 39 +/- 8 min) or recovery index (A: 19 +/- 6 min, V: 22 +/- 7 min). The clinical duration (T1 = 20% to T1 = 20%) was significantly different for A, with 27 +/- 9 min than for V

1990 Der Anaesthesist Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6462. A randomized clinical trial of alprazolam versus progressive muscle relaxation in cancer patients with anxiety and depressive symptoms. (Abstract)

A randomized clinical trial of alprazolam versus progressive muscle relaxation in cancer patients with anxiety and depressive symptoms. A randomized nonblinded study was performed in three cancer centers to test over a 10-day period the efficacy of (1) a triazolobenzodiazepine, alprazolam, 0.5 mg three times a day and (2) use of a behavioral technique in which patients were trained in progressive muscle relaxation at an initial session with a behavioral psychologist and then asked to listen (...) at home to an audiotape of the session three times a day. Of 147 cancer patients who met entry levels of distress and completed the study, uncontrolled for site or disease stage, 70 were randomized to drug, 77 to relaxation. Four measures of anxiety and depression were used: Covi, Raskin, Affects Balance, and Symptoms Checklist-90 (SCL-90). Results showed that both treatment arms resulted in significant (P less than .001) decrease in observer and patient-reported anxious and depressed mood symptoms

1991 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6463. Relaxation and the relief of cancer pain. (Abstract)

Relaxation and the relief of cancer pain. Progressive muscle relaxation combined with guided imagery has the potential to promote relief of cancer pain. The techniques appear to produce a relaxation response that may break the pain-muscle-tension-anxiety cycle and facilitate pain relief through a calming effect. The techniques can be taught by nurses and readily learned by patients. The techniques provide a self-care strategy that, to a limited extent, shifts the locus of control from clinician

1995 The Nursing clinics of North America Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6464. Use of relaxation to reduce side effects of chemotherapy in Japanese patients. (Abstract)

Use of relaxation to reduce side effects of chemotherapy in Japanese patients. Nausea and vomiting have been recognized as the most distressing side effects of chemotherapy, and are experienced by 66-91% of chemotherapy patients in Japan. Relaxation measures have been used for patients with various other diagnoses, but this technique has never been applied to patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. This pilot study examined the effects of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) to reduce nausea

1995 Cancer nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6465. Applied relaxation vs cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of panic disorder. (Abstract)

Applied relaxation vs cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of panic disorder. The present study investigated the efficacy of a coping-technique, applied relaxation (AR) and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), in the treatment of panic disorder. Thirty-eight outpatients fulfilling the DSM-III-R criteria for panic disorder with no (n = 30) or mild (n = 8) avoidance were assessed with independent assessor ratings, self-report scales and self-observation of panic attacks before and after

1995 Behaviour research and therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6466. Effects of self-relaxation methods and visual imagery on IOP in patients with open-angle glaucoma. (Abstract)

session. However, during the course of the BP as well as of the AP a relevant decrease in IOP could be measured. Twenty-four-hour IOP profiles as well as the water drinking test also showed significant reductions of IOP during time. Medication could be reduced for 56% of the initially treated patients. The findings suggest that relaxation and visual imagery techniques can be beneficial in reducing elevated IOP levels in patients with open-angle glaucoma though the conclusiveness of the data is limited (...) Effects of self-relaxation methods and visual imagery on IOP in patients with open-angle glaucoma. In this study, the effects of a training in relaxation and visual imagery on the intra-ocular pressure (IOP) of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma were investigated. Twenty-three patients, aged 24-69 years, were assigned either to a training group or to a waiting-list control group. The intervention included a basic programme (BP) of standard autogenic relaxation exercises and an advanced

1995 Ophthalmologica. Journal international d'ophtalmologie. International journal of ophthalmology. Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6467. The effects of music and muscle relaxation on patient anxiety in a coronary care unit. (Abstract)

The effects of music and muscle relaxation on patient anxiety in a coronary care unit. To test the efficacy of music and muscle relaxation techniques in reducing the anxiety of patients admitted to a coronary care unit with ischemic heart disease.Randomized, controlled trial.Seven-bed coronary care unit of an Australian tertiary care hospital.Fifty-six patients admitted to a coronary care unit with unstable angina pectoris or acute myocardial infarction.Psychologic (State Trait Anxiety (...) . No significant differences (p < 0.05) between groups were demonstrated for the psychologic or physiologic variables; that is, no significant reductions in anxiety were achieved for patients using music or muscle relaxation interventions when compared with the control group. The effect size of the interventions on the outcome measures was 0.19 to 0.22, indicating a small effect. Resultant power was at a low level.These results differ from those of similar studies but may be related to the high probability

1994 Heart & Lung Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6468. Changes in cellular immune function after immune specific guided imagery and relaxation in high and low hypnotizable healthy subjects. (Abstract)

between the results of the limited number of investigations studying the effects of guided imagery and relaxation on immune function. These differences may in part be explained by differences in methodology, time intervals between blood sampling, and subject characteristics such as age, health status and hypnotizability. The inconsistent results make it premature to make inferences about possible benefits of the application of these techniques in the treatment of immune related diseases, and further (...) Changes in cellular immune function after immune specific guided imagery and relaxation in high and low hypnotizable healthy subjects. This article presents the results of two investigations, each measuring cellular immune function on 3 investigation days 1 week apart in 15 high and 15 low hypnotizable healthy subjects randomly selected for three groups: (1) a guided imagery group receiving instructions to enhance cellular immune function: (2) a relaxation group which did not receive

1994 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6469. The use of relaxation for the promotion of comfort and pain relief in persons with advanced cancer. (Abstract)

The use of relaxation for the promotion of comfort and pain relief in persons with advanced cancer. The efficacy of a relaxation technique involving deep breathing, muscle relaxation, and imagery was tested as a nursing intervention for the promotion of comfort and pain relief in hospitalized oncology patients. The intervention was implemented in accordance with Orem's self-care approach to nursing practice. Sixty-seven new admissions to an oncology ward were randomly assigned to receive (...) relaxation training by audio tapes, live relaxation training by nurses, or no relaxation training. Relaxation training was conducted twice weekly over a period of three weeks. All subjects were pretested and post-tested with the McGill Pain Questionnaire and Visual Analogue Scale for pain. Analgesic medication was monitored throughout the study. Data analysis showed significant reductions in subjective pain ratings by subjects receiving relaxation training. There was also a significant reduction in non

1994 Contemporary nurse Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6470. The effects of behavioural relaxation on cognitive performance in adults with severe intellectual disabilities. (Abstract)

The effects of behavioural relaxation on cognitive performance in adults with severe intellectual disabilities. Behavioural relaxation training has been found to be effective in the treatment of generalized anxiety in people with intellectual disability. The present study is designed to assess whether or not these techniques can help individuals in more generalized aspects of their life. Two groups of 10 adults with a severe intellectual disability formed a relaxation group and a control group (...) . The relaxation group were given a course in behavioural relaxation training and the control group were given a quiet reading period for the same amount of time. Each subject was given a digit span test, a test of long-term memory and an incidental learning test after each session. Results suggest behavioural relaxation training has a beneficial effect on performance on tests of short-term memory and incidental learning, but no effect upon long-term memory.

1996 Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6471. Effects of a pain programme on nurses' psychosocial, physical and relaxation interventions. (Abstract)

Effects of a pain programme on nurses' psychosocial, physical and relaxation interventions. The effectiveness of a continuing education programme on pain assessment and management was investigated in 106 surgical cancer nurses. It was found that the programme led to a more positive attitude towards physical and relaxation interventions (such as the use of relaxation, distraction and massage techniques). In addition, an increase in the duration and quality of psychosocial interventions (...) (provision of information, emotional support, and promotion of autonomy) was established. Furthermore, the programme resulted in an increase in the quality of physical and relaxation interventions. However, the programme did not lead to more positive attitudes towards psychosocial interventions, or to increases in the numbers of psychosocial, physical and relaxation interventions.

1996 Patient education and counseling Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6472. Secretory immunoglobulin A increases during relaxation in children with and without recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. (Abstract)

. The findings indicate that a disturbance in mucosal immunity in children with recurrent colds and flu does not limit increases in sIgA during relaxation. Higher preinfection levels of sIgA correlate with resistance to upper respiratory tract infection, so enhancing the sIgA concentration with relaxation techniques may help children with recurrent infection problems. (...) Secretory immunoglobulin A increases during relaxation in children with and without recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. A diminished mucosal concentration of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) in the upper respiratory tract may increase susceptibility to colds and flu. The aim of the present study was to determine whether sIgA increases during relaxation in children aged between 8 and 12 years with recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. Forty-five healthy children and 45

1996 Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6473. Effects of relaxation intervention in phase II cardiac rehabilitation: replication and extension. (Abstract)

RG subjects, who also had a higher number of dose reductions. RG subjects reported frequent practice of the technique, rated it as helpful, and reported lower subjective tension levels after practice.Findings in this study did not support those of Bohachik (who reported lowered state anxiety and fewer somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, and depression symptoms). More instruction sessions on the relaxation method may have resulted in more positive outcomes. However, the within-group scores (...) Effects of relaxation intervention in phase II cardiac rehabilitation: replication and extension. To examine the effects of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on psychological and physiologic outcomes in adults with cardiovascular disease who were participating in a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. To examine tension levels, practice patterns, and perceived helpfulness of the intervention reported by subjects.Prospective, quasi-experimental, with random group assignment

1997 Heart & Lung Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6474. Voluntary control of vascular tone by using skin-temperature biofeedback-relaxation in patients with advanced heart failure. (Abstract)

Voluntary control of vascular tone by using skin-temperature biofeedback-relaxation in patients with advanced heart failure. Advanced heart failure is characterized by activation of the sympathetic nervous system and intense vasoconstriction. Biofeedback-relaxation techniques have been used successfully to treat conditions with similar pathophysiological features.The purpose of this study was to determine if conscious control of skin temperature via a biofeedback-relaxation technique could (...) relaxation. Skin temperature, systemic vascular resistance, cardiac output, plasma levels of norepinephrine and epinephrine, oxygen consumption, respiratory rate, and pulmonary wedge pressure were measured before and after the biofeedback session. Control patients had the same measurements made but were not given instruction in biofeedback-relaxation techniques.Patients in the biofeedback-relaxation and control groups had comparable clinical profiles at baseline. Patients undergoing biofeedback

1997 Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6475. A comparison of the neuropathological effects of vigabatrin and carbamazepine in patients with newly diagnosed localization-related epilepsy using MR-based cerebral T2 relaxation time measurements. (Abstract)

A comparison of the neuropathological effects of vigabatrin and carbamazepine in patients with newly diagnosed localization-related epilepsy using MR-based cerebral T2 relaxation time measurements. Magnetic resonance (MR)-based T2 relaxation time measurement is a sensitive technique to detect neuropathological changes such as intramyelinic edema in vivo.To determine whether vigabatrin (VGB) causes an increase in T2 relaxation time in patients with newly diagnosed localization-related epilepsy (...) over 1 year.Patients with newly diagnosed localization-related epilepsy who participated in a VGB-carbamazepine (CBZ) monotherapy trial were included. All were scanned on a 1.5 T Siemens SP63 Magnetom scanner. T2 maps of the brain were obtained at baseline and at follow-up 1 year later. Nine control subjects had repeated hippocampal T2 maps with a median interval of approximately 2 years.23 patients (12 on VGB and 11 on CBZ) were included. There were no increased T2 relaxation times in the VGB

1998 Epilepsy research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6476. Relaxation imagery used for stress reduction in the prevention of smoking relapse. (Abstract)

Relaxation imagery used for stress reduction in the prevention of smoking relapse. Many ex-smokers fail to remain abstinent after the completion of a formal cessation programme, and relapse rates of 60% to 80% are common. Smokers identify stress as a major factor in relapse. Healthy coping skills are required to prevent a return to smoking. The effectiveness of relaxation imagery was investigated for reducing stress and prolonging abstinence in adult ex-smokers. Volunteer subjects (n = 76) were (...) solicited after completing a local smoking cessation programme, and participants were randomly assigned to an experimental imagery group (n = 39) and to a control group (n = 37). Both groups met for a 3-month period, and experimental group members received instruction in imagery techniques. A 2 x 3 repeated-measures MANOVA with post hoc procedures demonstrated significant changes in variables over time, resulting in enhanced imagery effectiveness, reduced stress, and greater abstinence for the group

1992 Journal of advanced nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6477. Comparison of integrated group therapy and group relaxation training for fibromyalgia. (Abstract)

Comparison of integrated group therapy and group relaxation training for fibromyalgia. The efficacy of an integrated, psychological treatment program was tested in a controlled study involving 27 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain (fibromyalgia).The experimental treatment program consisted of instruction in various self-help techniques (e.g., cognitive behavioral strategies, relaxation, physical exercises) as well as information on chronic pain. Control groups were instructed only

1998 Clinical Journal of Pain Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6478. Effects of relaxation on anxiety in primary caregivers of chronically ill children. (Abstract)

Effects of relaxation on anxiety in primary caregivers of chronically ill children. To evaluate the effects of self-applied breathing and guided imagery relaxation techniques, separately and in combination, and a reinforcement tool on primary caregivers (PCGs) coping with anxiety when caring for a chronically ill child.Twenty PCGs, aged 25-57, of chronically ill children were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. The State Anxiety Scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (...) (Form Y) was used to measure state anxiety across three test administrations.While there were no statistically significant changes in state anxiety, behavioral evaluations indicated that PCGs used both the self-applied relaxation techniques and the reinforcement tool more than twice daily.Relaxation techniques may be useful for those people caring for chronically ill children.

1998 Pediatric nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6479. Effect of a back massage and relaxation intervention on sleep in critically ill patients. (Abstract)

Effect of a back massage and relaxation intervention on sleep in critically ill patients. Critically ill patients are deprived of sleep and its potential healing qualities, although many receive medications to promote sleep. No one has adequately evaluated holistic nonpharmacological techniques designed to promote sleep in critical care practice.To determine the effects of (1) a back massage and (2) combined muscle relaxation, mental imagery, and a music audiotape on the sleep of older men (...) with a cardiovascular illness who were hospitalized in a critical care unit.Sixty-nine subjects were randomly assigned to a 6-minute back massage (n=24); a teaching session on relaxation and a 7.5-minute audiotape at bedtime consisting of muscle relaxation, mental imagery, and relaxing background music (n=28); or the usual nursing care (controls, n=17). Polysomnography was used to measure 1 night of sleep for each patients. Sleep efficiency index was the primary variable of interest. One-way analysis of variance

1998 American journal of critical care : an official publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6480. Cardiorespiratory effects of breathing and relaxation instruction in myocardial infarction patients. (Abstract)

Cardiorespiratory effects of breathing and relaxation instruction in myocardial infarction patients. The effect of individual instruction in relaxation and breathing, additional to an exercise training program, was investigated in 76 post-myocardial infarction patients after rehabilitation and at 3 months follow-up. Respiration rate (RR), heart rate (HR) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were the outcome variables used to compare experimental (exercise plus relaxation) and control (...) (exercise without relaxation) groups. HR and RR decreased slightly during 20-min sessions of supine measurement. This response did not vary between sessions (pre-rehabilitation, post-rehabilitation and after 3-month follow-up). RSA tended to decrease during the sessions. The within-session reduction in RSA became more apparent in the control group after treatment and less so in the experimental group. RR decreased in the experimental group after rehabilitation, but not in the control group. HR decreased

1998 Biological psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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