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Relaxation Technique

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221. Imaging Cellular Dynamics with Spectral Relaxation Imaging Microscopy: Distinct Spectral Dynamics in Golgi Membranes of Living Cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

Imaging Cellular Dynamics with Spectral Relaxation Imaging Microscopy: Distinct Spectral Dynamics in Golgi Membranes of Living Cells Spectral relaxation from fluorescent probes is a useful technique for determining the dynamics of condensed phases. To this end, we have developed a method based on wide-field spectral fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy to extract spectral relaxation correlation times of fluorescent probes in living cells. We show that measurement of the phase and modulation (...) of fluorescence from two wavelengths permit the identification and determination of excited state lifetimes and spectral relaxation correlation times at a single modulation frequency. For NBD fluorescence in glycerol/water mixtures, the spectral relaxation correlation time determined by our approach exhibited good agreement with published dielectric relaxation measurements. We applied this method to determine the spectral relaxation dynamics in membranes of living cells. Measurements of the Golgi-specific C6

2016 Scientific reports

222. The effects of progressive muscular relaxation as a nursing procedure used for those who suffer from stress due to multiple sclerosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

). The Progressive Muscle Relaxation technique was used. The control variables were collected through interviews that were recorded on forms and on the Perceived Stress Scale that we used. Five meetings were held every fortnight covering a period of eight weeks. The experimental group was advised to carry out daily progressive muscle relaxation activities. After eight weeks of these activities, they were evaluated again to measure their levels of stress. In order to analyze the data used, the software package (...) The effects of progressive muscular relaxation as a nursing procedure used for those who suffer from stress due to multiple sclerosis to evaluate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation as a nursing procedure on the levels of stress for sufferers of multiple sclerosis.random clinical trials conducted at the Neurology outpatients unit at a University Hospital. The sample consisted of 40 patients who were being monitored as outpatients (20 in a control group and 20 in an experimental group

2016 Revista latino-americana de enfermagem Controlled trial quality: uncertain

223. Comparison of Toric Foldable Iris-Fixated Phakic Intraocular Lens Implantation and Limbal Relaxing Incisions for Moderate-to-High Myopic Astigmatism Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of Toric Foldable Iris-Fixated Phakic Intraocular Lens Implantation and Limbal Relaxing Incisions for Moderate-to-High Myopic Astigmatism To compare the effectiveness of toric foldable iris-fixated phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation and non-toric foldable iris-fixated pIOL implantation with limbal relaxing incisions (LRIs) for correcting moderate-to-high astigmatism in myopic eyes.The medical records of 146 patients (195 eyes) with myopic astigmatism who underwent toric (...) and LRI group eyes, respectively. The toric group had lower mean residual cylindrical error (-0.67±0.39 D vs. -1.14±0.56 D; p<0.001) and greater mean cylindrical error change (2.17±0.56 D vs. 1.63±0.72 D; p<0.001) than the LRI group, regardless of the preoperative astigmatic severity. The mean correction index (1.10±0.16 vs. 0.72±0.24; p<0.001) and success index (0.24±0.14 vs. 0.42±0.21; p<0.001) also differed significantly between the groups.Both surgical techniques considerably reduced astigmatism

2016 Yonsei medical journal

224. Initiating therapeutic relaxation in Britain: a twentieth-century strategy for health and wellbeing Full Text available with Trip Pro

Initiating therapeutic relaxation in Britain: a twentieth-century strategy for health and wellbeing In 1972, a British charity, Relaxation for Living, was established "to promote the teaching of physical relaxation, to combat stress, strain, anxiety and the tension of modern life, and to reduce fatigue". This article explores the origins and development of "physical relaxation" techniques and ideologies, starting in the interwar period, and the development of practical, therapeutic, social (...) and cultural frameworks necessary for such an organization to come into being in 1970s Britain. It traces how relaxation was reconstituted as a scientifically-based skill that could be learnt and taught, imbued with therapeutic value for combating and preventing specific physical ailments and enhancing individual health and wellbeing. The article explores how relaxation techniques gained currency among particular demographic and clinical groups, ranging from middle-class, child-bearing women to middle-aged

2016 Palgrave communications

225. Measurement of Bound and Pore Water T1 Relaxation Times in Cortical Bone Using Three-Dimensional Ultrashort Echo Time Cones (3D UTE Cones) Sequences Full Text available with Trip Pro

Measurement of Bound and Pore Water T1 Relaxation Times in Cortical Bone Using Three-Dimensional Ultrashort Echo Time Cones (3D UTE Cones) Sequences We present three-dimensional ultrashort echo time Cones (3D UTE Cones) techniques for quantification of total water T1 ( T1TW), bound water T1 ( T1BW), and pore water T1 ( T1PW) in vitro and in vivo using a 3 Tesla (T) scanner.T1TW, T1BW, and T1PW were measured with three-dimensional (3D) Cones and adiabatic inversion recovery Cone (IR-Cone (...) ) sequences. Two-dimensional (2D) nonselective ultrashort echo time (UTE) techniques, including saturation recovery, variable repetition times (TRs), and inversion recovery (IR) preparation approaches were compared with 3D-Cones techniques on bovine cortical bone samples (n = 8). The 3D Cones sequences were used to measure T1TW, T1BW, and T1PW in the tibial midshaft of healthy volunteers (n = 8).Comparable T1 images were achieved for cortical bone between 3D Cones and 2D UTE techniques as well as those

2016 Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

226. Graph Matching: Relax at Your Own Risk Full Text available with Trip Pro

theoretical support for their performance. A common technique is to relax the discrete problem to a continuous problem, therefore enabling practitioners to bring gradient-descent-type algorithms to bear. We prove that an indefinite relaxation (when solved exactly) almost always discovers the optimal permutation, while a common convex relaxation almost always fails to discover the optimal permutation. These theoretical results suggest that initializing the indefinite algorithm with the convex optimum might (...) Graph Matching: Relax at Your Own Risk Graph matching-aligning a pair of graphs to minimize their edge disagreements-has received wide-spread attention from both theoretical and applied communities over the past several decades, including combinatorics, computer vision, and connectomics. Its attention can be partially attributed to its computational difficulty. Although many heuristics have previously been proposed in the literature to approximately solve graph matching, very few have any

2016 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence

227. Follow-up of Myocardial T1 Relaxation Time in Patients With Anderson Fabry Disease

complications. It was shown that pending the absence of myocardial replacement fibrosis, substitution therapy could improve myocardial morphology and function as well as exercise capacity. Today, there is no available marker of the efficacy of the treatment on the heart morphology and function. The T1 time (or longitudinal relaxation time) is one of the major components of the image formation in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (along with T2 time and proton density). Several techniques have been described (...) Follow-up of Myocardial T1 Relaxation Time in Patients With Anderson Fabry Disease Follow-up of Myocardial T1 Relaxation Time in Patients With Anderson Fabry Disease - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before

2016 Clinical Trials

228. Progressive Muscle Relaxation Effect on Sleep Quality, Depression and Stress in People With Multiple Sclerosis

group) in outpatient follow-up. The progressive muscle relaxation technique was employed. In order to collect the data, we adopted the interview with form filling technique, using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Perceived Stress Scale and Beck Depression Inventory. Blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate of experimental group were measured before and after the progressive muscle relaxation intervention. In order to treat statistical data, we used Statistical Package for Social Sciences (...) ), Practice of other relaxation techniques (yoga, pilates, meditation, psychotherapy) Contacts and Locations Go to No Contacts or Locations Provided More Information Go to Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number): Layout table for additonal information Responsible Party: Paolla Gabrielle Nascimento Novais, Principal investigator, Federal University of Espirito Santo ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: Other Study ID Numbers: 618.841/2014 First Posted

2016 Clinical Trials

229. Relaxation Training for People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart Information provided by (Responsible Party): Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi Onlus Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) suffer from dyspnoea, which may be exacerbated by psychological outcomes including anxiety and depression. Previous studies suggest that relaxation techniques may have positive effects on pulmonary rehabilitation. The main aim of this study is to explore both the respiratory (...) and psychological impact of a quick, one-session, relaxation training for people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Behavioral: Guided Relaxation Technique Other: Documentary Movie Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 39 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking

2016 Clinical Trials

230. Breathing Interventions for Relaxation: Dosing Through Extended Exhale

Breathing Interventions for Relaxation: Dosing Through Extended Exhale Breathing Interventions for Relaxation: Dosing Through Extended Exhale - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Breathing (...) Interventions for Relaxation: Dosing Through Extended Exhale The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02870868 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : August 17, 2016 Last Update Posted : January 11, 2019 Sponsor: Vanderbilt University Medical Center Collaborator: National Center

2016 Clinical Trials

231. A Prospective Study Investigating the Use of Relaxation Prior to Medical Procedures.

release of cortisol, a naturally produced steroid hormone known to hinder the immune response. In response to high levels of stress, a patient's tolerance for pain decreases and the perceived pain level increases. Relaxation techniques can assist in reducing the stress and anxiety levels of a patient, which allows for lower perceived pain and more rapid healing. Many relaxation techniques exist, including acupuncture, child life intervention, breathing therapy and guided imagery. Buddhify, a mobile (...) -P00016464 First Posted: February 24, 2016 Results First Posted: December 21, 2018 Last Update Posted: December 21, 2018 Last Verified: December 2018 Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement: Plan to Share IPD: No Keywords provided by Gianmichel Corrado, Boston Children’s Hospital: Buddhify Stress Anxiety Relaxation Technique

2016 Clinical Trials

232. Intestinal and vascular smooth muscle relaxant effect of Viscum album explains its medicinal use in hyperactive gut disorders and hypertension. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intestinal and vascular smooth muscle relaxant effect of Viscum album explains its medicinal use in hyperactive gut disorders and hypertension. Viscum album has shown inhibitory effect on different smooth muscles but underlying mechanisms in gut and vascular smooth muscles are not well defined. Additionally, the plant has also importance in managing hyperactive gut and cardiovascular disorders. The current study was aimed to probe a pharmacological base of the smooth muscle relaxant effect of V (...) . album in gut and vascular preparations.V. album crude extract (Va. Cr) and its ethyl acetate fraction (Va. EtAc) were studied using in vitro techniques. The antispasmodic activity was performed using isolated rabbit jejunum while the vasorelaxant effects were studied in rabbit aortic rings.Va. Cr and Va. EtAc inhibited spontaneous and high K(+)-induced contractions with EC50 values of 0.31 mg/mL (0.15-0.57) and 0.62 mg/mL (0.3-0.95), respectively. This advocates an antispasmodic effect probably

2016 BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

233. The benefit of heart rate variability biofeedback and relaxation training in reducing trait anxiety. (Abstract)

The benefit of heart rate variability biofeedback and relaxation training in reducing trait anxiety. Previous research studies have indicated that biofeedback treatment and relaxation techniques are effective in reducing psychological and physical symptoms (Hammond, 2005; Manzoni, G. M., Pagnini, F., Castelnuovo, G., & Molinari, E., 2008). However, dearth of studies has compared heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback treatment and relaxation training to reduce trait anxiety. The objective (...) of this study was to determine the effect of HRV biofeedback treatment and relaxation training in reducing trait anxiety compared to control group without any treatment using students in a science and engineering university of South Korea. For the present study, a total of 15 graduate students with moderate level of trait anxiety were recruited for 4 individual sessions every two weeks. They were randomly assigned into three groups: biofeedback treatment (n = 5), relaxation training (n = 5

2016 Han'guk Simni Hakhoe chi. Kon'gang = The Korean journal of health psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

234. Preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum complementing chemical component relaxation in complex ventral hernia repair. (Abstract)

Preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum complementing chemical component relaxation in complex ventral hernia repair. A rarely used technique for enabling closure of large ventral hernias with loss of domain is preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum (PPP), which uses intermittent insufflation to gradually stretch the contracted abdominal wall muscles, increasing the capacity of the abdominal cavity. This allows the re-introduction of herniated viscera into the abdominal cavity and assists

2016 Surgical endoscopy

235. A Sleep Hygiene and Relaxation Intervention for Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Sleep Hygiene and Relaxation Intervention for Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Sleep disturbance and fatigue are common and distressing pediatric cancer-related outcomes. Sleep hygiene education and relaxation techniques are recommended to improve sleep in healthy children and adult cancer survivors. No studies have tested these interventions to improve sleep and fatigue for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the home (...) setting.The aim of this study is to establish the feasibility and acceptability of a sleep hygiene and relaxation intervention to improve sleep and fatigue for children receiving maintenance chemotherapy for ALL. The child's fatigue and sleep data were collected to inform sample size calculations for a future trial.In this pilot randomized controlled trial, 20 children were allocated randomly to the sleep intervention or control group. The sleep intervention group received a 60-minute educational session

2016 Cancer nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

236. Guided Imagery And Progressive Muscle Relaxation as a Cluster of Symptoms Management Intervention in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy: A Randomized Control Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-behavioural and relaxation techniques in symptom clusters. The study reflects this gap in the literature and aimed to test the effectiveness of Guided Imagery (GI) and Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) on a cluster of symptoms experienced by patients undergoing chemotherapy.This was a randomized control trial with 208 patients equally assigned either in the intervention or the control group. Measurements in both groups were collected at baseline and at completion of intervention (4 weeks). Patients were (...) Guided Imagery And Progressive Muscle Relaxation as a Cluster of Symptoms Management Intervention in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy: A Randomized Control Trial. Patients receiving chemotherapy often experience many different symptoms that can be difficult to alleviate and ultimately negatively influence their quality of life. Such symptoms include pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and retching, anxiety and depression. There is a gap in the relevant literature on the effectiveness of cognitive

2016 PloS one Controlled trial quality: uncertain

237. Progressive muscle relaxation as a supportive intervention for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Progressive muscle relaxation as a supportive intervention for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A systematic review. Many cancer patients use a wide variety of techniques to improve their physical and mental well-being, including relaxation therapy and, specifically, Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR). However, there is no strong evidence that supports the efficacy of this technique.Our aim was to review the evidence regarding the use of PMR as a supportive intervention for cancer (...) , the need to run more high-quality trials testing the efficacy of this technique is warranted before suggesting its adoption as part of standard cancer care.

2016 Palliative & supportive care

238. Effect of yoga based techniques on stress and health indices using electro photonic imaging technique in managers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of yoga based techniques on stress and health indices using electro photonic imaging technique in managers Meditation techniques are known to elicit relaxation response in which moving meditation which combines the practice of yoga postures and guided relaxation is known as Cyclic Meditation reported helpful in reducing the sympathetic arousal and improving health of practitioners.The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Cyclic Meditation on stress and health indices (...) in managers as measured by Electro Photonic Imaging (EPI) technique.EPI technique was used to assess participants before and after 35 min of Cyclic Meditation (CM) and equal duration of Supine Rest (SR) session. A total of sixty six male managers, age ranges from 35 to 60 years (mean ± SD 53.97 ± 5.96) were included in the study. EPI parameters, including Activation Coefficient, Integral Area left and right and Integral Entropy, left and right were taken for statistical analyses.Cyclic Meditation has

2016 Journal of Ayurveda and integrative medicine

239. Effect of progressive relaxation exercises on fatigue and sleep quality in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). (Abstract)

Effect of progressive relaxation exercises on fatigue and sleep quality in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). This research was conducted to investigate the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique on fatigue and sleep quality in patients with COPD. This research was performed as a single-group pretest/post-test pretrial model.The study was conducted with 45 patients who met the research criteria and agreed to participate in the study. A Personal Information Form (...) was used as a data collection tool, Fatigue Severity Scale was used for measuring fatigue, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used for evaluating the sleep quality.It was determined that PMRT decreased patients' fatigue level and improved their sleep quality, patients' fatigue level increased as their sleep quality decreased.Progressive relaxation exercises programs represent effective therapeutic intervention approaches for relieving COPD-associated fatigue and sleep quality. PMRT programs

2015 Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

240. Subcomponents of brain T2* relaxation in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and siblings: A Gradient Echo Plural Contrast Imaging (GEPCI) study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Subcomponents of brain T2* relaxation in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and siblings: A Gradient Echo Plural Contrast Imaging (GEPCI) study. Investigating brain tissue T2* relaxation properties in vivo can potentially guide the uncovering of neuropathology in psychiatric illness, which is traditionally examined post mortem. We use an MRI-based Gradient Echo Plural Contrast Imaging (GEPCI) technique that produces inherently co-registered images allowing quantitative assessment of tissue (...) cellular and hemodynamic properties. Usually described as R2* (=1/T2*) relaxation rate constant, recent developments in GEPCI allow the separation of cellular-specific (R2*C) and hemodynamic (BOLD) contributions to the MRI signal decay. We characterize BOLD effect in terms of tissue concentration of deoxyhemoglobin, i.e. CDEOXY, which reflects brain activity. 17 control (CON), 17 bipolar disorder (BPD), 16 schizophrenia (SCZ), and 12 unaffected schizophrenia sibling (SIB) participants were scanned

2015 Schizophrenia Research

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