How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,351 results for

Red Reflex

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

41. Short-term adaptive changes in the human vestibulo-ocular reflex arc (PubMed)

Short-term adaptive changes in the human vestibulo-ocular reflex arc 1. Two sets of experiments have examined the vestibulo-ocular response (VOR) to repeated sinusoidal rotation (A) in the dark and (B) after attempting visual tracking of a mirror-reversed image of the visual surround.2. In both A and B a horizontal sinusoidal rotational stimulus of 1/6 Hz and 60 degrees /sec angular velocity amplitude was employed, specifically chosen to lie within the presumed range of natural stimulation (...) the three times scales of a run, a day and the 3-day experiment.5. In B the same subjects underwent a similar pattern of vestibular stimulation, but during eight of the 2-min daily runs they attempted the reversed visual tracking task. VOR gain was measured during the 1st, 6th and last runs which were conducted in the dark for this purpose. Constancy of EOG gain was maintained by using red light throughout.6. The results of B showed a substantial (approx. 25%) and highly significant (P < 0.001

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1976 The Journal of physiology

42. The role of education in the promotion of red reflex assessments (PubMed)

The role of education in the promotion of red reflex assessments To assess the impact of an information poster on rate and accuracy of referrals of abnormal red reflex from general practioners (GP) and hospital doctors involved in the care of children.A retrospective audit of all referrals for abnormal red reflex received between the periods September 2005 to September 2006 was carried out. Posters were sent to 200 GP practices in East London as well as our local hospital. Pathways (...) for referrals were given, and a prospective re-audit was conducted from October 2006 to March 2008.The Royal London Hospital and practices serving the East End of London.GPs serving the East End of London and hospital doctors involved in child care.(1) Increase in the referral rate for abnormal red reflex finding; and (2) accuracy of referral for abnormal red reflex.Prior to posters being sent, there were no referrals of abnormal red reflexes to our department. Following the posters being sent, 21 abnormal

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2010 JRSM short reports

43. The detection of simulated retinoblastoma by using red-reflex testing. (PubMed)

The detection of simulated retinoblastoma by using red-reflex testing. To determine the ability to detect simulated retinoblastoma by using the red-reflex test.Discs that simulated retinoblastoma lesions were affixed to the retina of model eyes with an 8- or 3-mm pupil. The diameter, height, and location of the discs varied. Five examiners evaluated the red reflex with direct ophthalmoscopy by using straight-on and oblique viewing. The generalized estimating equation was used to assess (...) was better when lesions were large and when oblique viewing and dilation were used. Peripheral location was negatively associated with detection. Red-reflex testing to detect leukocoria may be improved with oblique viewing and pharmacologic dilation.

2010 Pediatrics

44. Developmental Red Flags

problems Evaluate maternal Consider or child neglect in severe cases IV. Red Flags: 6 to 12 months Persistence of primitive reflexes after 6 months Evaluate for neuromuscular disorder Absent babbling by 6 months Evaluate for hearing deficit Absent stranger anxiety by 7 months May be related to multiple care providers W-sitting and bunny hopping at 7 months Evaluate for adductor spasticity or hypotonia Inability to localize sound by 10 months Evaluate for unilateral Persistent mouthing of objects at 12 (...) Developmental Red Flags Developmental Red Flags Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Developmental Red Flags Developmental

2015 FP Notebook

45. Characterization of pupil responses to blue and red light stimuli in autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa due to NR2E3 mutation. (PubMed)

Characterization of pupil responses to blue and red light stimuli in autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa due to NR2E3 mutation. We characterized the pupil responses that reflect rod, cone, and melanopsin function in a genetically homogeneous cohort of patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP).Nine patients with Gly56Arg mutation of the NR2E3 gene and 12 control subjects were studied. Pupil and subjective visual responses to red and blue light flashes over a 7 log-unit (...) range of intensities were recorded under dark and light adaptation. The pupil responses were plotted against stimulus intensity to obtain red-light and blue-light response curves.In the dark-adapted blue-light stimulus condition, patients showed significantly higher threshold intensities for visual perception and for a pupil response compared to controls (P = 0.02 and P = 0.006, respectively). The rod-dependent, blue-light pupil responses decreased with disease progression. In contrast, the cone

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2012 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

46. Evaluation of Phenol Red Thread test versus Schirmer test in dry eyes: A comparative study (PubMed)

Evaluation of Phenol Red Thread test versus Schirmer test in dry eyes: A comparative study Dry eye is the most common ocular morbidity found in elderly patients. There is no gold standard/standard test for diagnosing dry eye.The present study was conducted to compare the potential of Phenol Red Thread (PRT) test versus Schirmer Test in diagnosing dry eye.The study was conducted on 50 patients, aged 40 years and above. History of dry eye symptoms was taken and the symptoms were graded. Six (...) -questions Bandeen Rosch questionnaire was administered to those having symptoms of dry eye. Patients whose response to any of the questions was often/all the time were included in the study. After performing standard clinical examination, Schirmer and PRT tests were done.PRT is equally sensitive in detecting dry eye, and in addition, it has many advantages as compared to Schirmer. PRT is simpler and more comfortable to the patient and can be done in children. It causes less reflex tearing. Most

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research

47. Combination between Schirmer I test and Phenol Red Thread as a rescue strategy for diagnosis of ocular dryness associated with Sjogren's syndrome. (PubMed)

Combination between Schirmer I test and Phenol Red Thread as a rescue strategy for diagnosis of ocular dryness associated with Sjogren's syndrome. To define a combination of the Schirmer I and phenol red thread (PRT) tests that improves the screening of patients with ocular sicca syndrome.The PRT test was performed before (PRT1) and after (PRT2) the Schirmer I test, in both eyes of 143 patients complaining of ocular dryness secondary to Sjögren's syndrome or sicca asthenia polyalgia syndrome (...) with the Schirmer I test. If PRT1 alone was ineffective to screen SGS from control patients, the comparison between PRT1 and PRT2 (so-called "DeltaPRT") was found as a good marker to detect patients with persistent tear reflex. Interestingly, the combination of positive Schirmer I, PRT 2, and/or ΔPRT tests was found to be highly predictive of severe ocular sicca syndrome.The combination of the Schirmer I and PRT tests strongly improves the screening procedure to detect patients with ocular dryness related

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

48. Impact of cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody reflex testing in the transfusion service on management of CMV-seronegative blood inventory. (PubMed)

system). A solid-phase red blood cell (RBC) adherence antibody detection system was validated to detect CMV antibodies in plasma samples (received for ABO/Rh type and RBC antibody screen) with acceptable sensitivity and specificity. We evaluated the impact of this CMV antibody reflex testing on the management of RBC and platelet (PLT) inventory for patients requiring CMV-compatible blood.Over a 16-month period, implementation of CMV antibody reflex testing identified 361 (34%) of 1063 previously CMV (...) Impact of cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody reflex testing in the transfusion service on management of CMV-seronegative blood inventory. Our goal is to minimize unnecessary cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seronegative blood transfusion to preserve the CMV-seronegative blood inventory for patients who are identified as CMV seronegative.We implemented a CMV antibody reflex testing protocol for patients who require CMV-compatible blood but in whom a CMV serostatus is unknown (coded as CMVT in our computer

2010 Transfusion

49. Suspected neurological conditions: recognition and referral

, and brisk deep tendon reflexes, to have an assessment for possible brain or spine disease. 1.10.5 Suspect migraine with aura in adults who have sensory symptoms that occur with or without headache and: are fully reversible and and develop over at least 5 minutes and and last between 5 and 60 minutes. For recommendations on diagnosing and managing migraine with aura, see the NICE guideline on headaches in over 12s. 1.10.6 For adults with persistent, distally predominant ('stocking' or 'glove and stocking (...) ') altered sensation in the limbs and depressed deep tendon reflexes: be alert to the possibility of peripheral neuropathy and consider checking: vitamin B12 deficiency thyroid function for evidence of coeliac disease in line with the NICE guideline on coeliac disease renal function blood glucose ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) alcohol consumption, using a tool such as AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Suspected neurological conditions: recognition and referral (NG127) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

50. Assessment of haemoptysis

. Pseudohaemoptysis can occur when: Lyons HA. Differential diagnosis of hemoptysis and its treatment. Basics Respir Dis. 1976;5:26-30. Haematemesis is aspirated into the lungs Bleeding from the upper airway or the mouth stimulates a cough reflex Material is expectorated that looks like blood but is not (e.g., Serratia marcescens infection). Characteristically, haemoptysis tends to be indicated by bright red, frothy sputum that is alkaline. Blood from extrapulmonary sources tends to be darker, may have admixed

2019 BMJ Best Practice

51. Recommendations for good practice in Ultrasound: Oocyte retrieval

the hypothetical effect of the anaesthetic drugs on the oocyte quality; airway difficulties; airway reflex loss for up to 4 hours post procedure due to a supraglottic mask airway devices or intubation; and longer recovery times. For these reasons all patients undergoing OPU fast as before a general anaesthetic, 6 h for food and 2 h for clear fluids (Checketts, 2016). For a general anaesthetic to take place a full anaesthetic team for safety of the patient (an anaesthetist and operation department personnel (...) in Hb level (8.84 g/dL) that continued (8.66 g/dL) despite blood transfusion Laparoscopy - the tear was successfully coagulated with an accurate hemostasis. (Kart et al., 2011) None OPU + 10 days: - Severe abdominal pain - Vomiting - Vaginal bleeding for 3 days. Transfusion with 2 units of fresh-frozen plasma and packed red blood cell Percutaneous transcatheter pelvic angiography + immediate bilateral uterine artery embolization Massive retroperitoneal bleeding (Azem et al., 2000) OPU + 10h

2019 European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

52. Musculoskeletal lower back pain

://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=736814 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17909209?tool=bestpractice.com History and exam obesity, stress, and psychiatric comorbidities history of prior lower back pain history of prior treatment pain radiation does not extend beyond the knee absence of red-flag symptoms absence of fever, fluctuance, exquisite tenderness to palpation sensory, motor, and deep-tendon reflex examinations within normal limits negative straight- or crossed straight-leg raise test dull

2018 BMJ Best Practice

53. Assessment of haemoptysis

. Pseudohaemoptysis can occur when: Lyons HA. Differential diagnosis of hemoptysis and its treatment. Basics Respir Dis. 1976;5:26-30. Haematemesis is aspirated into the lungs Bleeding from the upper airway or the mouth stimulates a cough reflex Material is expectorated that looks like blood but is not (e.g., Serratia marcescens infection). Characteristically, haemoptysis tends to be indicated by bright red, frothy sputum that is alkaline. Blood from extrapulmonary sources tends to be darker, may have admixed

2018 BMJ Best Practice

54. Musculoskeletal lower back pain

://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=736814 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17909209?tool=bestpractice.com History and exam obesity, stress, and psychiatric comorbidities history of prior lower back pain history of prior treatment pain radiation does not extend beyond the knee absence of red-flag symptoms absence of fever, fluctuance, exquisite tenderness to palpation sensory, motor, and deep-tendon reflex examinations within normal limits negative straight- or crossed straight-leg raise test dull

2018 BMJ Best Practice

55. Assessment of cranial nerve mononeuropathy

and 4 paired subnuclei can be distinguished. The most dorsal subnucleus contains the visceral Edinger-Westphal nucleus and the levator palpebrae nucleus. The Edinger-Westphal nucleus mediates pupillary constriction. Laterally the dorsal, intermediate, and ventral subnuclei provide innervation to the ipsilateral inferior rectus, inferior oblique, and medial rectus, respectively. The third nerve fascicles leave the nucleus and pass ventrally through the red nucleus before exiting just medial (...) cortex. Efferent motor fibres originate in the motor nucleus of the trigeminal nerve in the mid-pons and travel with V3 through the foramen ovale to supply the muscles of mastication (masseter, temporalis, mylohyoid, medial and lateral pterygoid, and anterior belly of the digastric), as well as the tensor tympani and tensor veli palatini. The trigeminal nerve and its branches also mediate the afferent limbs of the corneal blink and lacrimal reflexes, and both afferent and efferent limbs of the jaw

2018 BMJ Best Practice

56. Amblyopia

://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5498493?tool=bestpractice.com History and exam presence of risk factors infant not tracking parent's face abnormal red reflex asymptomatic subnormal visual acuity for age in 1 or both eyes asymmetric corneal light reflex unequal behavioural response to alternate eye occlusion abnormal cover/uncover testing blurred vision eye strain congenital nystagmus abnormal pupil exam abnormal external eye exam age <9 years prematurity FHx of amblyopia or strabismus strabismus (misalignment (...) (perception of depth or 3-dimensionality) and binocular vision testing assessment of fixation, ocular alignment, and ocular motility anterior segment examination using a slit lamp dilated fundoscopy cycloplegic retinoscopy binocular red reflex test (Brückner test) visual evoked potentials Treatment algorithm ONGOING Contributors Authors Professor of Ophthalmology Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour University of Leicester Ulverscroft Eye Unit Leicester Royal Infirmary UK Disclosures IG

2018 BMJ Best Practice

57. Cataracts

or acquired), medications, or congenital problems. This topic mainly addresses acquired cataract. History and exam presence of risk factors subjective decrease in vision blurred or cloudy vision glare washed-out colour vision reduced visual acuity defects in the red reflex inadequate glasses prescription disruption in activities of daily living age >65 years smoking long-term UV exposure diabetes mellitus other metabolic or hereditary conditions eye trauma long-term ocular corticosteroid use FHx

2018 BMJ Best Practice

58. Assessment of gait disorders in children

., infection, tumours, child abuse). Appropriate evaluation requires an understanding and knowledge of normal and abnormal gait patterns, potential causes, and 'red flags'. Beresford MW, Cleary AG. Evaluation of a limping child. Curr Pediatr. 2005;15:15-22. The assessment of limp will depend on whether the presentation is acute or not. Kimura Y. Common presenting problems. In: Arthritis in children and adolescents: juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Szer I, Kimura Y, Malleson PN, et al (eds). Oxford: Oxford (...) , neurological, and developmental assessments. Foster HE, Cabral DA. Is musculoskeletal history and examination so different in paediatrics? Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2006;20:241-262. Further information about paediatric musculoskeletal medicine, including red flags, video demonstrations of joint examinations (pGALS, pREMS), investigations, and referral guidance, is available at Paediatric Musculoskeletal Medicine (PMM). Normal motor milestones [Figure caption and citation for the preceding image starts

2018 BMJ Best Practice

59. Vitamin B3 deficiency

, and dementia. Death results if the condition is untreated. History and exam presence of risk factors dermatitis insomnia, depression, or memory loss intermittent stupor hallucinations or delirium weakness peripheral neuropathy oppositional hypertonus or myoclonus cogwheel rigidity primitive reflexes ataxia nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea glossitis, cheilitis, or stomatitis fatigue anxiety or paranoia anorexia, weight loss, or cachexia headache vertigo incontinence constipation heartburn angular palpebritis (...) biopsy photosensitivity testing FBC serum albumin serum protein LFTs gamma-GT serum total iron iron-binding capacity ferritin transketolase activity thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) riboflavin coefficient serum pyridoxal-5-phosphate serum cyanocobalamin serum folic acid red cell folic acid stool examination neutral aminoaciduria serum serotonin platelet serotonin urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid HIV antibodies mental-state examination ECG Treatment algorithm ACUTE Contributors Authors Senior Research

2018 BMJ Best Practice

60. Optimisation of RIZIV – INAMI lump sums for incontinence

of neurological conditions such as different forms of paralysis, spina bifida, stroke, multiple sclerosis, motor neurone disease, but also diabetes. Patients can have UUI or dysfunction of sphincter(s) with or without FI. Neurological disorders affecting the brain, spinal cord, or the peripheral nervous system have FI due to impaired anal sphincter control, reduced or absent anorectal sensibility, or abnormal anorectal reflexes. Diabetic patients can have neuropathy of the anal canal or chronic diarrhoea (...) Faecal incontinence Faecal continence is a complex interaction of the internal anal sphincter muscle (IAS), the external anal sphincter muscle (EAS), the rectal smooth muscle, the puborectalis muscle, sensory nerve cells of the anal canal, and the anal sampling reflex. Any disturbance of the factors above can make a subject incontinent. FI is considered secondary when an underlying pathology can be demonstrated whereas primary FI is functional or idiopathic and without a pathology. Conditions

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>