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1. Public health guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings

Public health guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings SCIENTIFIC ADVICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Public health guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settingsECDC AND EMCDDA SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settings ii This report (...) ). The authors would like to acknowledge the field researchers who contributed to the project: Ruth Gray, Sofia Victoria Casado Hoces, Leon Weichert and Deborah Iwanikow. The authors would like to acknowledge Jan Malinowski for his input on the human rights sections, Sergio Babudieri and Roberto Monarca for their input on considerations related to communicable diseases and prison settings, Roberto Monarca for his input on challenges of research in prison settings in this guidance report. The authors would

2019 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

2. Guidance in brief: Prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings

Guidance in brief: Prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings GUIDANCE IN BRIEF Prevention and control of blood- borne viruses in prison settings Selected findings from ECDC and EMCDDA scientific guidance, 2018 I Scope and purpose of this guidance This evidence-based guidance aims to support the planning and implementation of effective programmes to prevent and control the transmission of infectious diseases in prison settings in the European region. It focuses on three (...) high-burden blood-borne viruses (BBV) in the prison population, namely hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ( 1 ). The infections caused by these viruses are characterised by the same modes of blood-borne transmission and similar prevention and control interventions. The key areas covered by this guidance are prevention, treatment and care of BBVs in prison settings. This guidance is intended for policymakers responsible for the planning

2019 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

3. The effectiveness of the Older prisoner Health and Social Care Assessment and Plan (OHSCAP): a randomised controlled trial

The effectiveness of the Older prisoner Health and Social Care Assessment and Plan (OHSCAP): a randomised controlled trial The effectiveness of the Older prisoner Health and Social Care Assessment and Plan (OHSCAP): a randomised controlled trial Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above (...) to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} The Older Prisoner Health and Social Care Assessment and Plan did not address more unmet health needs than treatment as usual, due in part to widespread operational pressures affecting prison staff. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , , & . Katrina Forsyth 1 , Laura Archer-Power 1 , Jane Senior 1, * , Rachel Meacock 2 , Roger Webb 3 , Richard Emsley 4 , Dawn

2018 NIHR HTA programme

4. Preventing and managing bacterial wound infections in prison

Preventing and managing bacterial wound infections in prison Management and prevention of bacterial wound infections in prescribed places of detention Guidelines for healthcare, custodial staff and responding health protection services Management and prevention of bacterial wound infections in prescribed places of detention 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world (...) in PPDs 8 Isolation and cohorting of symptomatic persons 10 Treatment 11 Infection control measures in PPDs 11 Restrictions on movement of prisoners/detainees 11 Recommendations for PPD custodial staff 12 Reception screening 12 Isolation and cohorting of symptomatic persons 12 Infection control measures in PPDs 12 Environmental cleaning 14 Laundry 15 Restrictions on movement of prisoners/detainees 15 Restrictions on visits 16 Recommendations for local health protection services 17 Case identification

2019 Public Health England

5. Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial

Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need (...) . >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Critical time intervention' increased severely mentally ill released prisoners' contact with community mental health teams 6 weeks after discharge by about 25%. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , & . Jenny Shaw 1 , Sarah Conover 2 , Dan Herman 2 , Manuela Jarrett 3 , Morven Leese 3 , Paul McCrone 3 , Caroline Murphy 4 , Jane Senior 1, * , Ezra Susser 5, 6 , Graham Thornicroft 3 , Nat Wright 7

2017 NIHR HTA programme

6. Physical health of people in prison

Physical health of people in prison Ph Physical health of people in prison ysical health of people in prison NICE guideline Published: 2 November 2016 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng57 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising (...) . Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Physical health of people in prison (NG57) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 36Contents Contents Overview 4 Who is it for? 4 Recommendations 5 1.1 Assessing health 5 1.2 Communication

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

7. Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings

Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings SCIENTIFIC ADVICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settingsECDC AND EMCDDA SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settings ii This guidance (...) , Gianfranco Spiteri, Judit Takacs, Marieke van der Werf (all ECDC), and Linda Montanari and Marica Ferri (EMCDDA). The authors would also like to acknowledge the field researchers who contributed to the project: Ruth Gray, Sofia Victoria Casado Hoces, Leon Weichert and Deborah Iwanikow. Additional thanks go to Jan Malinowski for his input on the human rights sections, Sergio Babudieri and Roberto Monarca for their input on considerations related to communicable diseases in prison settings, and Roberto

2018 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

8. Views of prison staff in Scotland on the potential benefits and risks of e-cigarettes in smoke-free prisons: a qualitative focus group study. (PubMed)

Views of prison staff in Scotland on the potential benefits and risks of e-cigarettes in smoke-free prisons: a qualitative focus group study. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) were introduced into all Scottish prisons in February 2018, some months after prisons began preparing in 2017 for a smoking ban implemented in November 2018. In 2016/2017, prison staff views on the potential benefits and risks of e-cigarettes were explored in advance of the introduction of: (1) a smoking ban and (2) e (...) -cigarettes.Fourteen prisons in Scotland.Seventeen focus groups and two paired interviews were conducted with 132 staff in 14 Scottish prisons 4-9 months before plans for a smoking ban were announced in July 2017. Both smoking and non-smoking staff were invited to participate.Prison staff highlighted three potential risks of e-cigarettes in smoke-free prisons: staff health risks from e-cigarette vapour; prisoner health risks from vaping; and risks to both groups from e-cigarette misuse, defects or accidents

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2019 BMJ open

9. Dementia-friendly prisons: a mixed-methods evaluation of the application of dementia-friendly community principles to two prisons in England. (PubMed)

Dementia-friendly prisons: a mixed-methods evaluation of the application of dementia-friendly community principles to two prisons in England. To apply and evaluate dementia-friendly community (DFC) principles in prisons.A pilot study and process evaluation using mixed methods, with a 1-year follow-up evaluation period.Two male prisons: a category C sex offender prison (prison A) and a local prison (prison B).68 participants-50 prisoners, 18 staff.The delivery of dementia information sessions (...) , and the formulation and implementation of dementia-friendly prison action plans.Study-specific questionnaires; Alzheimer's Society DFC criteria; semi-structured interview and focus group schedules.Both prisons hosted dementia information sessions which resulted in statistically significant (p>0.05) increases in attendees' dementia knowledge, sustained across the follow-up period. Only prison A formulated and implemented a dementia action plan, although a prison B prisoner dedicated the prisoner magazine

2019 BMJ open

10. Problem-solving training: assessing the feasibility and acceptability of delivering and evaluating a problem-solving training model for front-line prison staff and prisoners who self-harm. (PubMed)

Problem-solving training: assessing the feasibility and acceptability of delivering and evaluating a problem-solving training model for front-line prison staff and prisoners who self-harm. Problem-solving skills training is adaptable, inexpensive and simple to deliver. However, its application with prisoners who self-harm is unknown. The study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a problem-solving training (PST) intervention for prison staff and prisoners who self-harm, to inform (...) the design of a large-scale study.A mixed-methods design used routinely collected data, individual outcome measures, an economic protocol and qualitative interviews at four prisons in Yorkshire and Humber, UK.(i) Front-line prison staff, (ii) male and female prisoners with an episode of self-harm in the previous 2 weeks.The intervention comprised a 1 hour staff training session and a 30 min prisoner session using adapted workbooks and case studies.We assessed the study processes-coverage of training

2019 BMJ open

11. Efficacy of prison-based cognitive behavioral rehabilitation intervention on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons. (PubMed)

Efficacy of prison-based cognitive behavioral rehabilitation intervention on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons. Evidence showed that reoffending habits are increasing among offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Given the recidivism rates, a psychotherapeutic intervention becomes imperative. This study examined the efficacy of prison-based cognitive behavioral rehabilitation intervention (PCBRI) on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian (...) offenders in Nigerian prisons exposed to the PCBRI programme when compared to the no-intervention group. Result also showed a significant interaction effect of time and group on sex offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Follow-up tests showed significant decrease in violent sexual behaviors after 6 months for the PCBRI group in comparison to the control group.This study concluded that PCBRI approach is a type of psychotherapy that reduces violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Southeast

2019 Medicine

12. Health care in Belgian prisons

Health care in Belgian prisons Health care in Belgian prisons - KCE Other official information and services: en en search Health care in Belgian prisons Health care in Belgian prisons KCE Reports 293 (2017) Table of Contents Chapter 1: Chapter 2: Chapter 3: Chapter 4: Chapter 5: Chapter 6: Chapter 7: Chapter 8: Chapter 9: Chapter 10: Chapter 11: Publication year : Report number : 293 Type : Health Services Research (HSR) Authors : , , , , , Language : English Keywords : , , , , , , , Documents

2017 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

13. Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial

Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial Shaw J, Conover S, Herman D, Jarrett M, Leese M, McCrone P, Murphy C, Senior J, Susser E, Thornicroft G, Wright N, Edge D, Emsley R, Lennox C, Williams A, Cust H, Hopkin G & Stevenson C Record (...) Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Shaw J, Conover S, Herman D, Jarrett M, Leese M, McCrone P, Murphy C, Senior J, Susser E, Thornicroft G, Wright N, Edge D, Emsley R, Lennox C, Williams A, Cust H, Hopkin G & Stevenson C. Critical time Intervention for Severely mentally ill Prisoners (CrISP): a randomised controlled trial. Health Services

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

14. Second-hand smoke levels in Scottish prisons equivalent to living with a smoker

Second-hand smoke levels in Scottish prisons equivalent to living with a smoker Second-hand smoke levels in Scottish prisons equivalent to living with a smoker Discover Portal Discover Portal Second-hand smoke levels in Scottish prisons equivalent to living with a smoker Published on 17 October 2017 doi: Staff in Scottish prisons inhale roughly the same amount of second-hand smoke at work as they would in the average smoking household (32μg of fine particulate matter per m3). Some activities (...) , like inspecting a smoky prison cell, exposed staff to far higher levels (up to 753.6μg per m3). Despite smoking bans in public spaces across the UK, around three-quarters of prisoners smoke. This poses health threats from second-hand smoke to staff and prisoners alike. This NIHR study detailed the second-hand smoke exposure in all 15 prisons in Scotland using static and staff-wearable airborne particle and nicotine monitors. Pre- and post-shift salivary nicotine measurements corroborated

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

15. Active Case Finding for Communicable Diseases in Prison Settings: Increasing Testing Coverage and Uptake Among the Prison Population in the European Union/European Economic Area (PubMed)

Active Case Finding for Communicable Diseases in Prison Settings: Increasing Testing Coverage and Uptake Among the Prison Population in the European Union/European Economic Area Prison populations are disproportionally affected by communicable diseases when compared with the general community because of a complex mix of socioeconomic determinants and environmental factors. Tailored and adequate health care provision in prisons has the potential to reach vulnerable and underserved groups (...) and address their complex needs. We investigated the available evidence on modalities and effectiveness of active case-finding interventions in prisons by searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for records on prison and active case finding with no language limit. Conference abstracts and unpublished research reports also were retrieved. We analyzed the findings by testing modality, outcomes, and study quality. The included 90 records-63 peer-reviewed, 26 from gray literature, and 1 systematic

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2018 Epidemiologic Reviews

16. Interventions at the Transition from Prison to the Community for Prisoners with Mental Illness: A Systematic Review (PubMed)

Interventions at the Transition from Prison to the Community for Prisoners with Mental Illness: A Systematic Review Prisoners have high rates of mental illness and the transition from prison to the community is a problematic time for the provision of mental health services and a range of negative outcomes have been identified in this period. A systematic review was conducted to identify interventions for prisoners with diagnosed mental health conditions that targeted this transition period (...) . Fourteen papers from 13 research studies were included. The interventions identified in this review were targeted at different stages of release from prison and their content differed, ranging from Medicaid enrolment schemes to assertive community treatment. It was found that insurance coverage, and contact with mental health and other services can be improved by interventions in this period but the impact on reoffending and reincarceration is complex and interventions may lead to increased return

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2018 Administration and Policy in Mental Health

17. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression among Prisoners in Jimma Town Prison, South West Ethiopia (PubMed)

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression among Prisoners in Jimma Town Prison, South West Ethiopia Mental disorder is one of the greatest challenges that current and future generations will face. Currently among all people suffering from depression, 85% of them live in low- and middle-income countries. Previous studies reported the global burden/prevalence of depression to be five to ten times higher among prisoners than the general population. However, the prevalence of depression among (...) prisoners in our study area is not known.This study therefore aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among prisoners in Jimma town in 2017.A cross-sectional study design was employed on 332 prisoners selected by systematic random sampling method. Data was collected by a face to face interview using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) scale. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 20.The study revealed that 41.9% (n = 139) of participants among prisoners had depression

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2018 Psychiatry journal

18. Yield and Efficiency of Mental Disorder Screening at Intake to Prison: A Comparison of DIA-X Short- and Long-Screening-Protocols in Compensation Prisoners (PubMed)

Yield and Efficiency of Mental Disorder Screening at Intake to Prison: A Comparison of DIA-X Short- and Long-Screening-Protocols in Compensation Prisoners Background: Inmates are several times more likely to suffer from mental disorders than the general population.In order to take appropriate curative or preventive measures, a precise psychiatric diagnosis at detention start would therefore be imperative, but is frequently not carried out for reasons of time. The computer-aided expert system (...) DIA-X enables a rapid and reliable diagnosis of psychiatric disorders. DIA-X is available as a short screening questionnaire with a processing time of a few minutes and as a standardized interview, which takes ~1 h to complete. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency and accuracy of the DIA-X short screening questionnaire. Methods: One hundred detainees were recruited randomly from compensation prisoners, who were imprisoned because they were unwilling or unable to pay a fine

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2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry

19. Contemporary women prisoners health experiences, unique prison health care needs and health care outcomes in sub Saharan Africa: a scoping review of extant literature. (PubMed)

Contemporary women prisoners health experiences, unique prison health care needs and health care outcomes in sub Saharan Africa: a scoping review of extant literature. Sub Saharan African (SSA) prisons have seen a substantial increase in women prisoners in recent years. Despite this increase, women prisoners constitute a minority in male dominated prison environments, and their special health needs are often neglected. Research activity on prison health remains scant in SSA, with gathering (...) of strategic information generally restricted to infectious diseases (human immunodeficiency virus infection HIV/tuberculosis TB), and particularly focused on male prisoners. Health care provisions for women (and pregnant women) in SSA prisons are anecdotally reported to fall far short of the equivalence care standards mandated by human rights and international recommendations, and the recent agreements set out in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Minimum Standards for HIV in Prisons.A

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2018 BMC international health and human rights

20. Ageing and dying in the contemporary neoliberal prison system: Exploring the 'double burden' for older prisoners. (PubMed)

Ageing and dying in the contemporary neoliberal prison system: Exploring the 'double burden' for older prisoners. Prison populations across the world are increasing. In the United Kingdom, numbers have doubled in the last two decades, and older prisoners now constitute the fastest growing section of the prison population. One key reason for this shifting prisoner demographic is the growing numbers of men convicted of 'historic' sexual offences, many of whom are imprisoned for the first time (...) in old age, and housed in prisons not suited to their needs. These demographic changes have profound consequences, including increased demand for health and social care in prison, and rising numbers of anticipated deaths in custody. Using the findings from a recently completed study of palliative care in prison, this paper proposes that older prisoners face a 'double burden' when incarcerated. This double burden means that as well as being deprived of their liberty, older people experience additional

2018 Social Science & Medicine

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