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Primary Dysmenorrhea

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1. Primary Dysmenorrhea Consensus Guideline

Primary Dysmenorrhea Consensus Guideline No. 345-Primary Dysmenorrhea Consensus Guideline - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Volume 39, Issue 7, Pages 585–595 No. 345-Primary Dysmenorrhea Consensus Guideline x Margaret Burnett Correspondence Corresponding Author: Dr. Margaret Burnett, Clinical Practice Gynaecology Committee , MD (Principal Author) ∗ , x Margaret Burnett Correspondence Corresponding Author: Dr (...) . Margaret Burnett, Clinical Practice Gynaecology Committee Winnipeg, MB x Madeleine Lemyre , MD (Principal Author) Québec, QC No 345 July 2017 (Replaces No 169, December 2005) DOI: To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Figures Figure 1 Primary dysmenorrhea treatment algorithm. Abstract Objective This guideline reviews the investigation and treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Intended Users Health care providers. Target Population Women

2017 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

2. Physical activity for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Physical activity for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Primary dysmenorrhea is cramping abdominal pain associated with menses. It is prevalent, affects quality of life, and can cause absenteeism. Although evidence-based medical treatment options exist, women may not tolerate these or may prefer to use nonmedical treatments. Physical activity has been recommended by clinicians for primary dysmenorrhea since the 1930s, but there is still (...) and citation searching of previous reviews were also conducted. Studies were selected using the following PICOS criteria: participants were nonathlete females experiencing primary dysmenorrhea; intervention was physical activity delivered for at least 2 menstrual cycles; comparator was any comparator; outcomes were pain intensity or pain duration; and study type was randomized controlled trials. Study quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Random effects meta-analyses for pain intensity

2018 EvidenceUpdates

3. The efficacy and safety of moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials

The efficacy and safety of moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) . No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data

2019 PROSPERO

4. Dangguijagyag-san (herbal medicine) for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Dangguijagyag-san (herbal medicine) for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) . No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data

2019 PROSPERO

5. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) will be performed in two phases, namely initial screening based on title and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary

2019 PROSPERO

6. Herbal medicine (Hyeolbuchukeo-tang or Xuefu Zhuyu decoction) for treating primary dysmenorrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (PubMed)

Herbal medicine (Hyeolbuchukeo-tang or Xuefu Zhuyu decoction) for treating primary dysmenorrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Primary dysmenorrhea is a condition characterized by painful menstrual cramps that usually occurs in the absence of any identifiable pathological condition among menstruating women, with the prevalence estimates varying between 45% and 95%. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are considered as a standard treatment (...) for primary dysmenorrhea; however, the failure rate of NSAIDs is often 20% to 25% and these drugs commonly cause adverse effects. In this review, we investigated the current evidence related to the effectiveness of Xuefu Zhuyu decoction (XZD) or Hyeolbuchukeo-tang, a traditional herbal formula, as a treatment for primary dysmenorrhea.Literature search was conducted about randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for XZD on primary dysmenorrhea. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, China National Knowledge

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2019 Medicine

7. Effect of chlorella supplementation on systematic symptoms and serum levels of prostaglandins, inflammatory and oxidative markers in women with primary dysmenorrhea. (PubMed)

Effect of chlorella supplementation on systematic symptoms and serum levels of prostaglandins, inflammatory and oxidative markers in women with primary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is one of the most commonly reported disorders for women that have unfavorable effects on patient's quality of life. Based on the evidences that suggest the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of chlorella, this double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effects (...) of Chlorella supplementation on the severity of menstrual pain in a group of young women with primary dysmenorrhea.In this clinical trial, 44 girls with primary dysmenorrhea were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. Patients in the intervention group received 1500 mg/day of chlorella as 5 soft gel and the control group received placebo soft gels for eight weeks. Menstrual and food information were collected using a previously validated and published questionnaire. Anthropometric

2019 European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology

8. Comparison of the Effects of Piroxicam and Diclofenac Sodium as Treatments for Primary Dysmenorrhea. (PubMed)

Comparison of the Effects of Piroxicam and Diclofenac Sodium as Treatments for Primary Dysmenorrhea. BACKGROUND NSAIDs are the most common agents used in dysmenorrhea treatment. They reduce menstrual pain by reducing uterine pressure and PGF2alpha levels in the menstrual fluid. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of piroxicam and diclofenac sodium as treatments for primary dysmenorrhea. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was conducted using a randomized and double-blind method (...) group and 41 patients in the proxicam group needed analgesics again in the 24-hour period after treatment (p=0.150). CONCLUSIONS At the end of our study, it was observed that there was no difference in the results of primary dysmenorrhea treatment with 20 mg piroxicam or 75 mg diclofenac sodium.

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2019 Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research

9. Experimental Evaluation of Central Pain Processes in Young Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea. (PubMed)

Experimental Evaluation of Central Pain Processes in Young Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea (PD; menstrual pain without an underlying medical condition) is associated with enhanced pain sensitivity and temporal summation in adult women, which may reflect the presence of central pain processes. Research in this area has been limited by focusing on only adult populations and incomplete assessments of central sensitization. The current study explored both excitatory

2019 Pain

10. Altered amygdalar volume and functional connectivity in primary dysmenorrhea during the menstrual cycle. (PubMed)

Altered amygdalar volume and functional connectivity in primary dysmenorrhea during the menstrual cycle. Primary dysmenorrhoea (PDM), characterized as menstrual pain without pelvic pathology, is associated with pain-related negative mood and hormone fluctuations. Previous studies strongly supported the link between pain and negative mood in affected individuals; however, it remains largely unknown in patients with PDM.We focused on the effects how spontaneous pain, negative mood and hormone

2019 European Journal of Pain

11. The effectiveness of self-care and lifestyle interventions in primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

The effectiveness of self-care and lifestyle interventions in primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Menstrual pain is very common amongst young women. Despite the significant impact that menstrual pain has on academic attendance and performance, social activities and quality of life, most young women do not seek medical treatment but prefer to use self-care; commonly OTC analgesic medications and rest. Many women do not get significant pain relief from these methods

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2019 BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

12. A comparison of the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicines in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: A network meta-analysis protocol. (PubMed)

A comparison of the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicines in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: A network meta-analysis protocol. Chinese herbal medicines (CHM) have been commonly used in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea in East Asia. Several systematic reviews have been conducted to assess the clinical efficacy of CHM in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. However, their comparative efficacy is still unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to conduct a network meta-analysis (...) herbal drugs or plant extracts or herbal medicine or herbal extract or herb or traditional Chinese medicine) and (primary dysmenorrhea or dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation) and (randomized controlled trial). The language will be limited to Chinese and English, and the search date will be up to May 2019. The included studies must be randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with patients diagnosed with primary dysmenorrhea. CHM must be used as interventions in the experimental group. While in the control

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2019 Medicine

13. Dysmenorrhea and Endometriosis in the Adolescent

accepted any commercial involvement in the development of the content of this published product. Dysmenorrhea and Endometriosis in the Adolescent ABSTRACT: Dysmenorrhea, or menstrual pain, is the most common menstrual symptom among adolescent girls and young women. Most adolescents experiencing dysmenorrhea have primary dysmenorrhea , defined as painful menstruation in the absence of pelvic pathology. When the patient’s history suggests primary dysmenorrhea, empiric treatment should be initiated. When (...) The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists makes the following recommendations and conclusions: Most adolescents experiencing dysmenorrhea have primary dysmenorrhea , defined as painful menstruation in the absence of pelvic pathology. Primary dysmenorrhea characteristically begins when adolescents attain ovulatory cycles, usually within 6–12 months of menarche. Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to painful menses due to pelvic pathology or a recognized medical condition. The most common cause

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

14. Naproxen, paracetamol and pamabrom versus paracetamol, pyrilamine and pamabrom in primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. (PubMed)

Naproxen, paracetamol and pamabrom versus paracetamol, pyrilamine and pamabrom in primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. Dysmenorrhea is caused by the discharge of prostaglandins into the uterine tissue; therefore, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the established initial therapy for dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea therapy may include the administration of drug monotherapy or combination therapy. However, clinical scientific evidence on the efficacy (...) of medications with two or three drugs combined is scarce or nonexistent.To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of two oral fixed-dose combinations for the relief of the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea among Mexican women. One of the combinations is widely used in Mexico (paracetamol, pyrilamine and pamabrom) and the selected comparison was a medication with naproxen sodium, paracetamol and pamabrom based on the pathophysiology of primary dysmenorrhea.This was a single-centre, double blind

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2016 Medwave

15. Effects of a Yoga Program on Menstrual Cramps and Menstrual Distress in Undergraduate Students with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Single-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Effects of a Yoga Program on Menstrual Cramps and Menstrual Distress in Undergraduate Students with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Single-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial. To investigate the effects of a yoga program on menstrual cramps and menstrual distress in undergraduate students with primary dysmenorrhea.Single-blind, randomized controlled trial.40 randomly selected undergraduate nursing students, with 20 each assigned to an exercise or a control group.The participants engaged in a yoga (...) intensity (group difference, -0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.47 to -0.42; p = 0.001) and menstrual distress (group difference, -1.13; 95% CI, -1.43 to -0.82; p < 0.0001) scores decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with the control group.These findings indicate that yoga interventions may reduce menstrual cramps and menstrual distress in female undergraduate students with primary dysmenorrhea.

2016 Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)

16. Comparison of lifestyles of young women with and without primary dysmenorrhea (PubMed)

Comparison of lifestyles of young women with and without primary dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecologic disorders that affects women's quality of life and social activities. Lifestyle, eating behaviors, and general health are essential to the management of menstrual symptoms. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between lifestyle and primary dysmenorrhea in students at Sari University of Medical Sciences in 2015 in order to facilitate the performance (...) of lifestyle-improving interventions among young women.This study was conducted on 250 students with and without primary dysmenorrhea at Sari University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Data were collected using personal-social and lifestyle questionnaires (addressing nutrition, physical activity, stress, social relationships, improper health behaviors, and self-care). The data were analyzed by SPSS software, version 18, using the independent-samples t-test, the chi-squared test, and logistic regression

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2016 Electronic physician

17. Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Management of Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Management of Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Dysmenorrhea constitutes one of the most frequent disorders in women of a fertile age. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture in the management of primary dysmenorrhea.Sixty females aged 17-23 years were randomly assigned to either a study group or a control group. The study group received acupuncture for the duration of 20 minutes/day, for 15 days/month (...) package for the social sciences, version 16.This study showed a significant reduction in all the variables such as the visual analog scale score for pain, menstrual cramps, headache, dizziness, diarrhea, faint, mood changes, tiredness, nausea, and vomiting in the study group compared with those in the control group.Acupuncture could be considered as an effective treatment modality for the management of primary dysmenorrhea.Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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2018 Journal of acupuncture and meridian studies

18. Serum vitamin D concentrations in young Turkish women with primary dysmenorrhea: A randomized controlled study. (PubMed)

Serum vitamin D concentrations in young Turkish women with primary dysmenorrhea: A randomized controlled study. This study aims to investigate the possible role of vitamin D deficiency in primary dysmenorrhea by assessing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 levels in a cohort which includes young Turkish women with primary dysmenorrhea and healthy controls.A total of 683 women who were aged between 18 and 25 years and who were consecutively admitted to the study center were eligible. After the exclusion (...) of 55 women, 184 women with primary dysmenorrhea were randomly assigned into the dysmenorrhea group and 184 women without dysmenorrhea were randomly allocated into the control group.The dysmenorrhea group had significantly less consumption of dairy products (p = 0.001), lower serum calcium (p = 0.001), lower serum vitamin D (p = 0.001) and higher serum parathyroid hormone (p = 0.001) than those of the control group. Hyperparathyroidism was significantly less frequent whereas vitamin D deficiency

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2018 Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology

19. Effect of yoga on the menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of life of young women with primary dysmenorrhea. (PubMed)

Effect of yoga on the menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of life of young women with primary dysmenorrhea. The aim of the present study was to investigate effect of specially designed yoga program on the menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of life (QOL) of non-athlete women with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) aged 18-22 years. Thirty-four volunteers were randomly assigned into control and yoga groups. Menstrual pain, physical fitness, and QOL were evaluated at baseline

2018 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies

20. Use of ginger versus stretching exercises for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Use of ginger versus stretching exercises for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized controlled trial. Dysmenorrhea is a common gynecologic problem. In some cases, non-medical treatments are considered to be more effective, with fewer side effects. Ginger and exercise are alternative treatments for dysmenorrhea, but in the present study they were not combined.In this study, the effects of ginger and exercise on primary dysmenorrhea were compared.This randomized controlled trial (...) was performed in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Two groups of female students were recruited by simple random allocation. In each group, 61 students with moderate to severe primary dysmenorrhea with regular menstrual cycles and without a history of regular exercise were assessed. The ginger group received 250 mg ginger capsules from the onset of menstruation. In the exercise group, belly and pelvic stretching exercises were performed for 10 min, 3 times per week.Intensity of pain

2018 Journal of integrative medicine

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