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Prevention of Waterborne Illness

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121. Preparing for a Hurricane or a Tropical Storm

or a Tropical Storm Posted on May 31, 2018 by Blog Administrator You can’t stop a tropical storm or hurricane, but you can take steps now to protect you and your family. If you live in areas at risk, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages you to begin preparing for hurricane season. The Atlantic hurricane season is June 1 through November 30 each year. Please follow these important hurricane preparedness tips from CDC: : Take basic steps now to ensure your safety should a storm hit (...) safely. After you have read these tips, please review the other resources available on the website. You can also check out CDC’s new reference document that contains key messages on hurricane and flood related health threats. The can help local responders quickly create and adapt health communication products for affected communities. The document contains messages on various topics including food safety, carbon monoxide poisoning, waterborne diseases, and mold. CDC strongly recommends that you print

2018 CDC Your Health - Your Environment Blog

122. The Africa Regional Data Cube: Harnessing Satellites for SDG Progress

hundreds of people and displacing hundreds of thousands. Cholera, a waterborne illness, is now reportedly spreading in areas such as the Dadaab refugee camp in the north of the country. Climate change, environment, infrastructure, sustainable cities – these are just a few of the many, interconnected issues that we, as a global community, are tackling through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). But the global goals will be achieved through national and local action. At the (GPSDD) , hosted (...) people. The Kenyan government can use the ARDC to monitor land degradation over time as a preventative measure, and eventually develop stronger early warning systems for flooding. The ARDC is an illustration of what is possible when we leverage partnerships, data, and innovation to power progress toward the SDGs. It was developed by the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) in partnership with the Group on Earth Observations, Amazon Web Services, Office of the Deputy President – Kenya

2018 United Nations Foundation blog

123. Endoscope Disinfection - a Resource-Sensitive Approach

principles applying to all levels of resources Step General recommendations Precleaning • Preclean immediately Cleaning • Always perform leak testing and block testing before immersing the endoscope in a detergent or soap solution, as this may help prevent expensive repairs later Rinsing • Always rinse between cleaning and disinfection Disinfection • Always immerse the endoscope and valves in a disinfectant solution of proven efficacy (see below) • Always irrigate all channels with a syringe until air (...) water after each use to avoid concentration of the disinfectant and thus damage to mucosa • Never use the same container for the first and final rinsing Drying • Always dry the endoscope properly before storage to prevent microorganism growth in the endoscope channels Storage • Never store in a transport container 1.3 WGO cascades—a resource-sensitive approach A gold standard approach is feasible in regions and countries in which the full range of options is available for endoscope disinfection

2011 World Gastroenterology Organisation

124. WEO/WGO Guidelines on endoscope disinfection: a resource-sensitive approach

. Table 1 Endoscope processing: general principles applying to all levels of resources Step General recommendations Precleaning • Preclean immediately Cleaning • Always perform leak testing and block testing before immersing the endoscope in a detergent or soap solution, as this may help prevent expensive repairs later Rinsing • Always rinse between cleaning and disinfection Disinfection • Always immerse the endoscope and valves in a disinfectant solution of proven efficacy (see below) • Always (...) by the manufacturer Final rinsing • Always discard the rinse water after each use to avoid concentration of the disinfectant and thus damage to mucosa • Never use the same container for the first and final rinsing Drying • Always dry the endoscope properly before storage to prevent microorganism growth in the endoscope channels Storage • Never store in a transport container 1.3 WGO cascades—a resource-sensitive approach A gold standard approach is feasible in regions and countries in which the full range

2011 World Endoscopy Organization

125. Does Food Handler Training Improve Food Safety?

individual reports of illness associated with food or water (7). According to a 2003 Peel Public Health report on food-borne disease, there was a general decline in the incidence of the most common food-borne diseases between 1993 and 2002 (1). b) Reasons behind the push for mandatory food handler training in Ontario The Canadian Institute of Public Health Inspectors, Ontario Chapter (CIPHI) has been calling on the Ontario Government for a number of years to amend the O. Reg. 562 (Food Premises) to make (...) themselves as not working in the food service industry. 1.2 Literature Review A conceptual model (see Appendix A) was designed with Peel public health inspectors to show what interventions (food safety training, inspections, etc) the health department can use to prevent food-borne illness within the context of the entire food safety system. Research Question The question that was used to guide this literature review was: Does food handler training improve food safety? A Critical Appraisal

2011 Peel Health Library

126. Bridges and roads are also important to your health

are not the only situations where fractures in infrastructure impact health. In Uganda – a country with a high prevalence of preventable and treatable illnesses, such as respiratory infections – the is a matter of life and death. While effective, low-cost treatments exist, the leading causes of childhood mortality include pneumonia, malaria and diarrheal diseases. As in the U.S., rural children in Uganda are at a greater risk of death than those living in cities. In fact, children living in the rural northeast (...) technologies shore up , including the delivery of medications and other health supplies, other areas of infrastructure are not only deteriorating but also do not address imminent, or recurring, public health threats. I fear that America is slowly returning to its status in the early 19th century as a developing nation. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, cities throughout the U.S. eradicated the spread of waterborne diseases, such as typhoid, by investing in . However, as the Flint water crisis of 2014

2017 KevinMD blog

127. Parasitologist for the People

see rapid spread of infectious disease. When there is famine, those affected have a compromised immune system, allowing them to contract illnesses easier. For these reasons it is vital that public health staff from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is on the scene. While we cannot always control the causes and breadth of these emergencies, we can minimize the negative public health impact. CDC experts have served those most affected by emergencies for many years. CDC promotes (...) , a vital public health issue. Our world’s water crises necessitate experts who can address waterborne diseases and sanitation issues that threaten the public’s health. Even though the hours are long and exhausting, Alaine is happy to answer the call to action, “In the US we have the knowledge and tools to protect ourselves and our families from many diseases. However, outside the US, obstacles to health and quality of life are often related to challenges in accessing safe drinking water

2017 CDC Our Global Voices

128. Everyone Needs Somewhere to Go: World Toilet Day

services by 2030, making sanitation a global development priority. To raise awareness of this issue, the United Nations General Assembly designated November 19 as . The Center for Global Health’s Emergency Response and Recovery Branch ( ) , with support from the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious DiseasesWaterborne Disease Prevention Branch ( ), joined the United Nations and other development partners to reach the Sustainable Development Goal by evaluating the safety (...) for health, human dignity, and improved education. Sadly, 2.3 billion people lack even a basic sanitation service, which in many ways represents an ongoing public health crisis that puts much of the world’s population at risk for diseases such as cholera, dysentery, hepatitis, and typhoid fever. Almost 1 billion face the indignity every day of defecating outside without privacy. The 2015 include a target to ensure universal access to adequate and equitable sanitation and use of safely managed sanitation

2017 CDC Our Global Voices

129. The Consequences of Contaminated Water

, enter your email address: Enter Email Address Submit Button The Consequences of Contaminated Water Posted on March 21, 2017 by Adrienne Lefevre, MPH, CHES Thank you to CDC’s Rick Gelting, Tom Handzel and Eric Mintz for their assistance in writing this story. March 22 is World Water Day. CDC highlights the need for all people to have access to safe water, and to prevent sickness and death from waterborne diseases such as cholera World Water Day We all remember when a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck (...) for all people to have access to safe water, and to prevent sickness and death from waterborne diseases such as cholera. Dr. Brinel, formerly part of the Field Epidemiology Training Program, learns how to collect stool samples to test them for cholera in October 2016 in Haiti (Photo courtesy of Coralie Giese) Cholera persists in Haiti primarily because many people lack access to clean water and proper sanitation. CDC continues to work with partners to improve access to safe water, such as increasing

2017 CDC Our Global Voices

130. Identifying and Addressing the Daily Needs of Contacts of an Ebola Patient During Investigation, Monitoring, and Movement Restriction, Ohio Full Text available with Trip Pro

, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Atlanta, GA, USA. Erme Marguerite M Summit County Public Health, Akron, OH, USA. Kippes Chris C Cuyahoga County Board of Health, Parma, OH, USA. Quinn Kim K Ohio Department of Health, Columbus, OH, USA. de Fijter Sietske S Ohio Department of Health, Columbus, OH, USA. DiOrio Mary M Ohio Department of Health, Columbus, OH, USA. Braden Christopher C Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Atlanta, GA (...) Identifying and Addressing the Daily Needs of Contacts of an Ebola Patient During Investigation, Monitoring, and Movement Restriction, Ohio 28123205 2018 01 05 2018 11 13 1468-2877 131 5 2016 09 Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) Public Health Rep Identifying and Addressing the Daily Needs of Contacts of an Ebola Patient During Investigation, Monitoring, and Movement Restriction, Ohio. 661-665 10.1177/0033354916660087 McCarty Carolyn L CL Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

2016 Public Health Reports

131. Giardiasis outbreaks in the United States, 1971–2011 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Giardiasis outbreaks in the United States, 1971–2011 Giardia intestinalis is the leading parasitic aetiology of human enteric infections in the United States, with an estimated 1·2 million cases occurring annually. To better understand transmission, we analysed data on all giardiasis outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1971-2011. The 242 outbreaks, affecting ~41 000 persons, resulted from waterborne (74·8%), foodborne (15·7%), person-to-person (2·5 (...) . Produce was implicated most often in foodborne outbreaks. Additionally, foods were most commonly prepared in a restaurant and contaminated by a food handler. Lessons learned from examining patterns in outbreaks over time can help prevent future disease. Groundwater and distribution system vulnerabilities, inadequate pool disinfection, fruit and vegetable contamination, and poor food handler hygiene are promising targets for giardiasis prevention measures.

2016 Epidemiology and infection

132. Mycobacterium chimaera infections associated with heater-cooler units (HCU): closing another loophole in patient safety Full Text available with Trip Pro

Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden. Plachouras Diamantis D European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden. eng Editorial Sweden Euro Surveill 100887452 1025-496X IM Euro Surveill. 2016 Nov 24;21(47): 27922449 Cross Infection etiology Equipment Contamination Humans Mycobacterium isolation & purification Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous etiology Patient Safety Surgical Equipment microbiology Water Microbiology Mycobacterium chimaera (...) Mycobacterium chimaera infections associated with heater-cooler units (HCU): closing another loophole in patient safety 27918256 2017 04 17 2018 11 13 1560-7917 21 46 2016 Nov 17 Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin Euro Surveill. Mycobacterium chimaera infections associated with heater-cooler units (HCU): closing another loophole in patient safety. 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.46.30397 30397 Struelens Marc J MJ European

2016 Eurosurveillance

133. Authors’ correction for Euro Surveill. 2016;21(46) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Authors’ correction for Euro Surveill. 2016;21(46) 27922449 2017 04 17 2018 04 17 1560-7917 21 47 2016 11 24 Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin Euro Surveill. Authors' correction for Euro Surveill. 2016;21(46). 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.47.30404 30404 Eurosurveillance editorial team European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden. eng Journal Article Published Erratum Sweden Euro (...) Surveill 100887452 1025-496X Euro Surveill. 2016 Nov 17;21(46): 27918256 Mycobacterium chimaera device-associated infections patient safety waterborne infections 2016 12 7 6 0 2016 12 7 6 0 2016 12 7 6 1 ppublish 27922449 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.47.30404 30404 PMC5291143

2016 Eurosurveillance

134. Water systems, sanitation, and public health risks in remote communities: Inuit resident perspectives from the Canadian Arctic. (Abstract)

human exposure to waterborne health risks were also found to exist and may be increasing in the settlements. While water and wastewater system design decisions are often based on best practices proven suitable in similar environmental conditions, this study reinforces the argument for inclusion of social, cultural, and economic variables in such decisions, particularly in remote and economically challenged contexts in Canada or elsewhere around the world. The results also indicate that the addition (...) Water systems, sanitation, and public health risks in remote communities: Inuit resident perspectives from the Canadian Arctic. Safe drinking water and wastewater sanitation are universally recognized as critical components of public health. It is well documented that a lack of access to these basic services results in millions of preventable deaths each year among vulnerable populations. Water and wastewater technologies and management practices are frequently tailored to local environmental

2015 Social Science & Medicine

135. Colorectal Cancer Screening

for inclusion in the analysis. All patients provided one stool sample taken within a week before colonoscopy preparation, which was collected according to instructions in a container that was kept refrigerated or frozen until rendered to the clinic on the day of colonoscopy, and the patients agreed to complete a standard questionnaire regarding the use of analgesics and low-dose aspirin (for prevention of cardiovascular disease). Stool samples were thawed within a median of 4 days after arrival (...) worldwide [ ] and the third leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States.[ ] It is estimated that there will be 145,600 new cases diagnosed in the United States in 2019 and 51,020 deaths due to this disease. From 2006 to 2015, CRC incidence declined by 3.7% per year among adults aged 55 years and older. However, from 2006 to 2015, in adults younger than 55 years, CRC incidence rates have been increasing by 1.8% per year. From 2007 to 2016, mortality from CRC declined by 2.7% per year among adults

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

136. Andrew Wakefield claims “natural Herd Immunity” is better than anything vaccines can do, never mind all that suffering

that getting sick is morbidity! Seriously, if you get sick with measles, even if you recover (as the vast majority do), you have suffered significant morbidity, and if there’s a vaccine suffering that morbidity is potentially preventable! Basically, Wakefield redefines morbidity as only permanent sequelae to make this deeply dishonest argument. I could much more reasonably define morbidity as being ill with vaccine-preventable disease (because that is morbidity, albeit temporary) and point out that, since (...) of student guest posts for my class on infectious causes of chronic disease. First one this year is by Dana Lowry. Humans have a long history of illness and death from infectious diseases. It wasn’t until the 1790s that we had a solution. Edward Jenner… If you want to know the single most important class of public health interventions with respect to infectious diseases in the 20th century it wasn't vaccines but provision of clean water and food supplies. But vaccines may be next. With major waterborne

2016 Respectful Insolence

137. Catching up with the Authors: Aurélie Jeandron and Ayse Ercumen on Clean Water Supply in the DRC and India

Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Post navigation in Uncategorized Source: AddThis Sharing Buttons above Last October PLOS Medicine published two research articles from separate groups investigating the association between continuous clean water supply and waterborne diseases. found that interruptions to the piped water supply to Ulvira, a town in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were followed (...) . It is expected to significantly improve the town’s access to drinking water by 2018 and thereby potentially reduce cholera and other diarrhoeal diseases incidence. One goal of the project was to improve the reliability of the tap water supply by building a hydro-electric generator to prevent the frequent power cuts that prevent treated water being pumped through the system. Further engineering plans, however, determined that the geological setting was inappropriate to build a small dam at an affordable cost

2016 PLOS Blogs Network

138. Assessing the contributions of an academic health department for a school of public health in New York State Full Text available with Trip Pro

and Biostatistics, and is currently the Associate Director for Food Safety, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia. Morse Dale D Millicent Eidson is a Research Scientist with the NYSDOH Office of Public Health Practice and an Associate Professor in the UA-SPH Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, both in Albany, New York. Eva Pradhan is a Research (...) Scientist with the NYSDOH Cancer Registry in Albany. Dale Morse was the former Assistant Commissioner of Science at the NYSDOH and former Chair and Professor in the UA-SPH Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and is currently the Associate Director for Food Safety, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia. eng Journal Article United States

2014 Public Health Reports

139. Toxoplasmosis (Diagnosis)

lesions in children with toxoplasmosis who were not treated during the first year of life. Am J Ophthalmol . 2008 Sep. 146(3):375-384. . . Holland GN. Ocular toxoplasmosis: a global reassessment. Part II: disease manifestations and management. Am J Ophthalmol . 2004 Jan. 137(1):1-17. . Jones JL, Dubey JP. Foodborne toxoplasmosis. Clin Infect Dis . 2012 Sep. 55(6):845-51. . Jones JL, Dubey JP. Waterborne toxoplasmosis--recent developments. Exp Parasitol . 2010 Jan. 124(1):10-25. . Jabs DA, Green WR (...) , Copyright © 1994-2019 by WebMD LLC. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties. Close encoded search term (Ocular Toxoplasmosis) and Ocular Toxoplasmosis What to Read Next on Medscape Related Conditions and Diseases Medscape Consult News & Perspective Tools Most Popular Articles According to Infectious Disease Physicians Recommended 2002 2044905-overview Diseases & Conditions Diseases & Conditions 2002 229969-overview Diseases & Conditions Diseases & Conditions 2002 1208706-overview

2014 eMedicine.com

140. Mycobacterium Marinum (Diagnosis)

MJ. Nodular lymphangitis: a distinctive but often unrecognized syndrome. Ann Intern Med . 1993 Jun 1. 118(11):883-8. . Lewis FM, Marsh BJ, von Reyn CF. Fish tank exposure and cutaneous infections due to Mycobacterium marinum: tuberculin skin testing, treatment, and prevention. Clin Infect Dis . 2003 Aug 1. 37(3):390-7. . Nguyen C. Images in clinical medicine. Mycobacterium marinum. N Engl J Med . 2004 Feb 26. 350(9):e8. . Petrini B. Mycobacterium marinum: ubiquitous agent of waterborne (...) region. New Microbiol . 2005 Jan. 28(1):89-92. . Griffith DE, Aksamit T, Brown-Elliott BA, et al. An official ATS/IDSA statement: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of nontuberculous mycobacterial diseases. Am J Respir Crit Care Med . 2007 Feb 15. 175(4):367-416. . Harth M, Ralph ED, Faraawi R. Septic arthritis due to Mycobacterium marinum. J Rheumatol . 1994 May. 21(5):957-60. . Hartmark-Hill JR, Kanodia AK, Frey KA. 53-year-old man with a swollen finger. Mayo Clin Proc . 2008 Feb. 83(2):217-20

2014 eMedicine.com

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