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Prevention of Vector-borne Infection

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81. Seroconversion for Infectious Pathogens among UK Military Personnel Deployed to Afghanistan, 2008-2011. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Seroconversion for Infectious Pathogens among UK Military Personnel Deployed to Afghanistan, 2008-2011. Military personnel are at high risk of contracting vector-borne and zoonotic infections, particularly during overseas deployments, when they may be exposed to endemic or emerging infections not prevalent in their native countries. We conducted seroprevalence testing of 467 UK military personnel deployed to Helmand Province, Afghanistan, during 2008-2011 and found that up to 3.1% showed (...) seroconversion for infection with Rickettsia spp., Coxiella burnetii, sandfly fever virus, or hantavirus; none showed seroconversion for infection with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus. Most seroconversions occurred in personnel who did not report illness, except for those with hantavirus (70% symptomatic). These results indicate that many exposures to infectious pathogens, and potentially infections resulting from those exposures, may go unreported. Our findings reinforce the need for continued

2014 Emerging Infectious Diseases

82. Using internet search queries for infectious disease surveillance: screening diseases for suitability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

correlations were performed to assess the potential for search terms to be used in construction of early warning systems.Notifications for 17 infectious diseases (26.6%) were found to be significantly correlated with a selected search term. The use of internet metrics as a means of surveillance has not previously been described for 12 (70.6%) of these diseases. The majority of diseases identified were vaccine-preventable, vector-borne or sexually transmissible; cross correlations, however, indicated (...) that vector-borne and vaccine preventable diseases are best suited for development of early warning systems.The findings of this study suggest that internet-based surveillance systems have broader applicability to monitoring infectious diseases than has previously been recognised. Furthermore, internet-based surveillance systems have a potential role in forecasting emerging infectious disease events, especially for vaccine-preventable and vector-borne diseases.

2014 BMC Infectious Diseases

83. Approach to Parasitic Infections

are poor or where vector-borne diseases are endemic. For example, fever in the returning traveler suggests the possibility of malaria. Experience indicates that people who have immigrated from endemic areas to developed countries and who return home to visit friends and relatives are at particular risk. They frequently do not seek or cannot afford pretravel advice on disease prevention and are more likely to enter high-risk settings than tourists who stay at resort facilities. Although less frequent (...) infections is available from experts at major medical and public health centers and travel clinics, at the , in textbooks of infectious diseases and tropical medicine, and in summary form from The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics . Drugs for unusual parasitic infections can often be obtained from the or the manufacturer. Prevention Despite substantial investment and research, no vaccines are yet available for prevention of human parasitic infections. Prevention is based on avoidance strategies

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

84. Insecticidal School Uniforms for Dengue Prevention in Thailand

the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor. Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01563640 Locations Layout table for location information Thailand Centre of Excellence for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Mahidol University Salaya, Thailand Sponsors and Collaborators Umeå University European Union Investigators Layout table (...) Insecticidal School Uniforms for Dengue Prevention in Thailand Insecticidal School Uniforms for Dengue Prevention in Thailand - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Insecticidal School Uniforms

2012 Clinical Trials

85. Infectious Diseases Seen in a Primary Care Clinic in Leogane, Haiti. Full Text available with Trip Pro

disease (18.1%)--and skin and soft tissue infections, including multiple cases of tinea capitis (12.8%). Of the 255 patients presenting with undifferentiated fever, 76 (29.8%) were diagnosed with falciparum malaria. Other vector-borne diseases included 13 cases of filariasis and 6 cases of dengue fever. Human immunodeficiency virus infection was diagnosed in 19 patients. Four cases of mumps were detected among unimmunized children. A large proportion of these infections are preventable. Concerted (...) Infectious Diseases Seen in a Primary Care Clinic in Leogane, Haiti. All diseases diagnosed in a primary healthcare clinic situated in Leogane, Haiti, were recorded prospectively during a 7-month period. Among the patients in this cohort, 2,821 of 6,631 (42.6%) presented with an infectious disease. The three most common syndromes among the patients presenting with infections were respiratory tract infections (33.5%), suspected sexually transmitted diseases--mostly among females with recurrent

2012 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

86. Successes and failures in the control of infectious diseases in Brazil: social and environmental context, policies, interventions, and research needs. Full Text available with Trip Pro

policies. Diseases for which control has failed (such as dengue fever and visceral leishmaniasis) are vector-borne diseases with changing epidemiological profiles and major difficulties in treatment (in the case of dengue fever, no treatment is available). Diseases for which control has been partly successful have complex transmission patterns related to adverse environmental, social, economic, or unknown determinants; are sometimes transmitted by insect vectors that are difficult to control (...) Successes and failures in the control of infectious diseases in Brazil: social and environmental context, policies, interventions, and research needs. Despite pronounced reductions in the number of deaths due to infectious diseases over the past six decades, infectious diseases are still a public health problem in Brazil. In this report, we discuss the major successes and failures in the control of infectious diseases in Brazil, and identify research needs and policies to further improve

2011 Lancet

87. Guidelines for malaria vector control

activities against vector-borne diseases.viii larval source management Management of aquatic habitats (water bodies) that are potential habitats for mosquito larvae in order to prevent completion of development of the immature stages. Note: The four types of larval source management are: i) habitat modification, which is a permanent alteration of the environment, e.g. land reclamation; ii) habitat manipulation, which is a recurrent activity, e.g. flushing of streams; iii) larviciding, which (...) of dwellings with a residual insecticide to kill or repel endophilic mosquitoes. infectious Capable of transmitting infection; a term commonly applied to human hosts. infective Capable of producing infection; a term commonly applied to parasites (e.g. gametocytes, sporozoites) or to the vector (mosquito). infectivity* Ability of a Plasmodium strain to establish an infection in an anopheline mosquito species and undergo development until the mosquito has sporozoites in its salivary glands. insecticide

2019 World Health Organisation Guidelines

88. Zika virus and safety of substances of human origin: a guide for preparedness activities in Europe ? first update

of Zika infection in an area 15 Zika virus and safety of substances of human origin: preparedness activities in Europe – first update SCIENTIFIC ADVICE iv Abbreviations BE Blood establishments BM Bone marrow CDTR Communicable disease threats report CNS Central nervous system DG SANTE Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety, European Commission EATB European Association of Tissue Banks EBMT European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ECDC European Centre for Disease Prevention (...) ). ? Four additional countries (Bolivia, Curaçao, Trinidad and Tobago, and Saint Martin) reported at least one case of Guillain–Barré (GBS) syndrome potentially associated with Zika virus infection. No locally acquired cases by vector-borne transmission have been reported by EU/EEA countries in continental Europe as of week 10/2017. Since week 26/2015, 21 countries have reported 2 130 travel-associated Zika virus infections through The European Surveillance System (TESSy). The latest week of exposure

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

89. Guidance for healthcare workers on the use of personal protective equipment in the management of bubonic and pneumonic plague patients

management. Working Group on Civilian Biodefense. JAMA. 2000 May 03;283(17):2281-90. 4. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control - National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases - Division of Vector-Borne Diseases - Bacterial Diseases Branch. Protect yourself from plague [cited 2017 Oct 19]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/plague/resources/235098_plaguefactsheet_508.pdf. 5. Public Health Agency of Canada. The Plague [updated 2017 Oct 16; cited 2017 Oct 19]. Available from: https (...) Health - Emergency Medical Services. Plague [updated 2007 May; cited 2017 Oct 19]. Available from: http://dhss.delaware.gov/dph/files/plagueems.pdf. 11. Jane D. Siegel MD, Emily Rhinehart RN MPH CIC, Marguerite Jackson PhD, Linda Chiarello RN MS, the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings 2007 [cited 2017 Oct 19]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/pdf

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

90. Environmental Factors Associated with Increased Rat Populations: A Focused Practice Question

. Himsworth CG, Parsons KL, Jardine C, Patrick DM. (2013). Rats, cities, people, and pathogens: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of literature regarding the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses in urban centers. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 13(6):349-59. 21 4. Leibler JH, Zakhour CM, Gadhoke P, Gaeta JM. (2016). Zoonotic and Vector-Borne Infections Among Urban Homeless and Marginalized People in the United States and Europe, 1990-2014. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 16(7):435-44. 5. Public Health (...) provides education to residents on prevention and control measures. The PHI may also work in collaboration with the municipal by-law department if a private residential property is the source of a rat infestation. In Canada, communicable diseases are identified by the federal, provincial and territories’ governments as priorities for monitoring and control efforts 2 . Each year National Notifiable disease data are voluntarily submitted by the provinces and territories through the Canadian Notifiable

2018 Peel Health Library

91. Communicating with Physicians to Influence Practice ? Rapid Review Update

habits. 2 Context The Region of Peel is home to 1,599 physicians; 939 are General Practitioners (GPs) or Family Physicians (FPs) and 660 are specialists. The intersection between their clinical 8 practice and public health is important. Examples of this intersection include vaccine provision, and notice of infectious and vector-borne diseases such as West Nile Virus and Lyme Disease. Communicating effectively with these physicians is essential to the health of Peel’s population. Currently, PPH (...) . 2010 onwards) because of the large volume of research. The databases searched included National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), PubMed, TRIP database, Ovid Medline, Ovid Healthstar, the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH), Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Health Systems

2018 Peel Health Library

93. Improving the health of the public by 2040

and genetic determinants of health and health inequalities. Yet there remains much we do not know about the complex array of interlinking factors that influence the health of the public, and about how to prevent and solve the many health challenges we face as a population, including obesity, diabetes, dementia, depression, cancer and persisting and emerging infections. We do not yet have a robust understanding of the long-term impacts of many of the wider drivers of health that cut across local, national (...) and ageing population with multiple morbidities and more years spent in ill health, resource depletion, persistent inequalities, climate change, a rise in obesity and sedentary behaviour, and emerging and resistant infectious diseases. Our aspiration for 2040, around a generation’s time, is for health gains which significantly exceed those we might expect based on current trajectories; for a future in which the UK population experiences substantial and ongoing improvements in physical health, mental

2017 Academy of Medical Sciences

94. Vector control with a focus on Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes - Literature review and analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increased risk for autochthonous vector-borne infections transmitted by aedes albopictus in continental europe 2018 Follow us: Footer Navigation © European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) 2019 Other sites: Search Search Search Search (...) for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). A call for evidence was launched by ECDC’s emerging and vector-borne diseases (EVD) programme to collect further technical materials, which may not have been published by the EU Member States. Once identified, documents were sifted using inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data was extracted into tables using headings based on ECDC’s pre-specified areas of interest. These headings form the basis of the analysis, with additional themes reported in the findings

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Literature Reviews

95. Investment for health and well-being: a review of the social return on investment from public health policies to support implementing the Sustainable Development Goals by building on Health 2020

environmental, occupational, food safety; health promotion, including social determinants of health and health inequity; disease prevention and early detection; governance; a sufficient and competent workforce; a sustainable organization, structures and financing; advocacy, communication and social mobilization for health; and public health research to inform policy and practice. A core focus of public health is health promotion and early prevention of NCDs, communicable diseases and unhealthy behaviours (...) . Results 10 ? 2.1. Improving health for all and reducing health inequalities 10 ? 2.2. Supporting health through a life-course approach and empowering citizens 14 ? 2.3. Tackling Europe’s major burdens of NCDs and communicable diseases 19 ? 2.4. Strengthening people-centred health systems and public health capacity, including preparedness and response capacity for dealing with emergencies 24 ? 2.5. Creating supportive environments and resilient communities 32 ? 3. Discussion 38 ? 3.1. Strengths

2017 WHO Health Evidence Network

96. CRACKCast E130 – Viruses

clinicians must be familiar with emerging infections that are spreading beyond their endemic origins. Most emerging viruses originate in animals and are vector-borne or zoonotic diseases. Newer infections are avian influenza (won’t be covered here), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) – outbreak in 2014 -, and Zika virus. Other diseases continue to emerge – which we don’t have time to cover – such as: Heartland virus, Bourbon virus, variegated squirrel bornavirus (...) concepts: Recent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable childhood infections secondary to unvaccinated individuals and travel to areas where disease is still endemic demonstrate that these rare diseases are the rise! Look out for them! Herpes simplex encephalitis is a severe disease that is fatal if left untreated. Clinicians should suspect this diagnosis when evaluating severely ill patients for suspected meningitis or encephalitis, and promptly institute empirical therapy with IV acyclovir while awaiting

2017 CandiEM

97. Prophylactic platelet transfusion does not reduce risk of clinical bleeding in adults with dengue and thrombocytopaenia

vector-borne viral disease worldwide afflicting nearly 390 million people in 2010 with 96 million having clinically apparent infection. 1 The clinical spectrum of dengue infection can vary from asymptomatic infection to life-threatening dengue shock syndrome. 2 3 Thrombocytopaenia is a common manifestation of dengue infection. However, a correlation between platelet count and risk of clinical bleeding in dengue has not been established. A number of observational studies 4 and a small randomised trial (...) 5 have shown lack of effectiveness of prophylactic platelet transfusion in preventing clinical bleeding in adults with dengue and thrombocytopaenia. This larger … Request Permissions If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways. Copyright information: © Article author(s) (or their employer

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine

98. Assessing the yellow fever outbreak in Angola

. UNICEF) staff ? Reviewing available epidemiological information ? Field visits: healthcare facilities (hospitals, primary care centres), provincial and municipal health authorities, public health activities (vaccinations, risk communication, vector control). Disease background information Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic vector-borne disease affecting humans and non-human primates in tropical areas of Africa and South America. It is caused by a virus of the Flavivirus genus (...) ]. On 19 January, samples from three patients were confirmed for yellow fever infection by PCR at the Zoonosis and Emerging Disease Laboratory of the National Institute for Communicable Diseases in Johannesburg, South Africa. On 29 January, the samples were also confirmed by the regional yellow fever reference laboratory at the Pasteur Institute in Dakar, Senegal. Following the confirmation of cases of yellow fever infection in Luanda province and other provinces of Angola, the national reporting

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

99. Zika virus and safety of substances of human origin ? A guide for preparedness activities in Europe

. The first case needs to be confirmed; probable cases can be included in the total number of cases. B. An affected area with sporadic transmission ? ? is a single NUTS 3 territorial unit in which the total number of cases does not exceed ten locally- transmitted, vector-borne, confirmed or probable Zika cases within a three-month period. This guide provides measures for areas with widespread transmission, with sporadic transmission, and non-affected areas. ECDC’s Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases (...) to prevent Zika virus infections nor is any specific antiviral treatment available. Zika virus infection can be confirmed by direct detection of Zika virus RNA or specific viral antigens in clinical samples. Virus-specific antibodies can usually be detected from day 4 or 5 of illness, but serological results should be interpreted with caution due to cross-reactivity with other flaviviruses and according to the vaccination status against flaviviruses. More information on Zika virus disease can be found

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

100. Future Infectious Disease Threats to Europe. Full Text available with Trip Pro

: extensively drug-resistant bacteria, vector-borne diseases, sexually transmitted infections, food-borne infections, a resurgence of vaccine-preventable diseases, health care-associated infections, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and pandemic influenza. Preemptive measures to be taken by the public health community to counteract these threats were identified. (...) Future Infectious Disease Threats to Europe. We examined how different drivers of infectious disease could interact to threaten control efforts in Europe. We considered projected trends through 2020 for 3 broad groups of drivers: globalization and environmental change, social and demographic change, and health system capacity. Eight plausible infectious disease threats with the potential to be significantly more problematic than they are today were identified through an expert consultation

2011 American Journal of Public Health

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