How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

8,159 results for

Prevention of Vector-borne Infection

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

41. Prevention, Diagnosis & Management of infective endocarditis

Prevention, Diagnosis & Management of infective endocarditis CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES FOR THE PREVENTION, DIAGNOSIS & MANAGEMENT OF INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITISPUBLISHED BY: Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) Secretariat c/o Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Unit Medical Development Division Ministry of Health Malaysia 4 th floor, Block E1, Parcel E 62590 Putrajaya COPYRIGHT The owners of this publication are the National Heart Association of Malaysia (NHAM) and the Academy of Medicine Malaysia (...) committee, a multidisciplinary team will be formed for the specific purpose of updating this CPG.TABLE OF CONTENTS FORWARD BY THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF HEALTH 4 INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES EXPERT PANEL 5 EXTERNAL REVIEWERS 7 GRADES OF RECOMMENDATION AND LEVELS OF EVIDENCE 10 RATIONALE AND PROCESS OF THE INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS GUIDELINES DEVELOPMENT 11 SUMMARY OF THE CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES FOR THE PREVENTION, DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS 15 1.0

2017 Ministry of Health, Malaysia

42. New study suggests risk of birth defects in babies born to women on HIV medicine dolutegravir

at babies born to 11,558 HIV-infected women in Botswana, showed that 0.9% of babies (4 of 426) whose mothers became pregnant while taking dolutegravir had a neural tube defect, compared with 0.1% of babies (14 of 11,173) whose mothers took other HIV medicines. Final results are expected in about a year. Women who have been prescribed dolutegravir should not stop taking their medicine without first consulting their doctor. EMA will update the recommendations as necessary when it concludes its assessment (...) in the EU will be sent a dear healthcare professional letter concerning these recommendations. More about the medicine Dolutegravir is an integrase inhibitor. This means that it blocks an enzyme called integrase that is needed by the HIV virus to make new copies of itself in the body. When it is given with other medicines, it helps to prevent the spread of HIV and keep the amount of the virus in the blood at a low level. Dolutegravir does not cure HIV infection or AIDS, but it may hold off damage

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

43. Clinical Trial for Valuation of the Effectiveness of Lactoferrine in the Prevention of Sepsis in New Premature Born. Bimonitorization of the Antinflammatory Mechanisms, Antioxidants and the Intestinal Microbiote.

Clinical Trial for Valuation of the Effectiveness of Lactoferrine in the Prevention of Sepsis in New Premature Born. Bimonitorization of the Antinflammatory Mechanisms, Antioxidants and the Intestinal Microbiote. Clinical Trial for Valuation of the Effectiveness of Lactoferrine in the Prevention of Sepsis in New Premature Born. Bimonitorization of the Antinflammatory Mechanisms, Antioxidants and the Intestinal Microbiote. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record (...) managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Clinical Trial for Valuation of the Effectiveness of Lactoferrine in the Prevention of Sepsis in New Premature Born. Bimonitorization of the Antinflammatory Mechanisms, Antioxidants and the Intestinal Microbiote. (LACTOPREM) The safety

2018 Clinical Trials

44. Guidelines for malaria vector control

activities against vector-borne diseases.viii larval source management Management of aquatic habitats (water bodies) that are potential habitats for mosquito larvae in order to prevent completion of development of the immature stages. Note: The four types of larval source management are: i) habitat modification, which is a permanent alteration of the environment, e.g. land reclamation; ii) habitat manipulation, which is a recurrent activity, e.g. flushing of streams; iii) larviciding, which (...) ), demonstration of public health value is required for WHO to issue a policy recommendation. public health value* A product has public health value if it has proven protective efficacy to reduce or prevent infection and/ or disease in humans. Note: Public health value = epidemiological impact receptivity Receptivity of an ecosystem to transmission of malaria. Note: A receptive ecosystem should have e.g. the presence of competent vectors, a suitable climate and a susceptible population. repellent Any substance

2019 World Health Organisation Guidelines

45. Antibiotics for neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid. (PubMed)

Antibiotics for neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid. Approximately 1 in 10 pregnancies is affected by meconium passage at delivery, which can result in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). MAS can cause respiratory complications and, very rarely, death. Antibiotics have been prescribed for neonates exposed to meconium in amniotic fluid, with the intention of preventing infection due to potential bacterial contaminants.We conducted this review to assess the efficacy and safety (...) of antibiotics for:1. prevention of infection, morbidity, and mortality among infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) who are asymptomatic at birth; and2. prevention of infection, morbidity, and mortality among infants born through MSAF who have signs and symptoms compatible with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS).We performed a literature search using the following databases: MEDLINE (1966 to July 2016); Embase (1980 to July 2016); the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health

2017 Cochrane

46. Tick-borne encephalitis complex (flavi) viruses

Tick-borne encephalitis complex (flavi) viruses Tick-borne encephalitis complex (flavi) viruses - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Tick-borne encephalitis complex (flavi) viruses Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: November 2017 Summary A flavivirus infection of the central nervous system characterised by a biphasic meningoencephalitis. Transmission is usually by hard ticks of the Ixodes genus (...) without long-term sequelae. Four widely used vaccines in paediatric and adult populations are available in Canada, Europe, and Russia. Definition Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a flavivirus infection of the central nervous system, characterised by a biphasic meningoencephalitis. Hawker J, Begg N, Blair I, et al. Communicable disease control and health protection handbook. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell; 2012. It is transmitted usually by hard ticks of the Ixodes genus. Barlow G, Irving WL, Moss PJ

2017 BMJ Best Practice

47. Prevention and Control Strategies to Counter Zika Virus, a Special Focus on Intervention Approaches against Vector Mosquitoes—Current Updates (PubMed)

-derived medicinal products. Added to this, strengthening of the surveillance and monitoring of ZIKV as well as avoiding travel to Zika infected areas would aid in keeping viral infection under check. Here, we discuss the salient advances in the prevention and control strategies to combat ZIKV with a focus on highlighting various intervention approaches against the vector mosquitoes of this viral pathogen along with presenting an overview regarding human intervention measures to counter other modes (...) Prevention and Control Strategies to Counter Zika Virus, a Special Focus on Intervention Approaches against Vector Mosquitoes—Current Updates Zika virus (ZIKV) is the most recent intruder that acquired the status of global threat creating panic and frightening situation to public owing to its rapid spread, attaining higher virulence and causing complex clinical manifestations including microcephaly in newborns and Guillain Barré Syndrome. Alike other flaviviruses, the principal mode of ZIKV

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in microbiology

48. Vector control efficacy of fly nets on preventing bovine leukemia virus transmission (PubMed)

Vector control efficacy of fly nets on preventing bovine leukemia virus transmission Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is horizontally transmitted among cattle through infected blood. This 3-year field study (2013-2016) aimed to confirm the potential of the blood-sucking stable fly as a risk factor of BLV transmission and to determine the efficacy of vector control on preventing the transmission of BLV. The BLV-positive conversion rate during summer was higher than that during winter in a model dairy (...) farm, where many stable flies were observed during the summer. After fly nets were fixed onto the barn to prevent fly invasion, the BLV-positive conversion rate during the summer was significantly decreased compared with that in the absence of fly nets (P<0.01). These findings suggest that vector control using a fly net may inhibit BLV transmission.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

49. HIV-1 transmission and survival according to feeding options in infants born to HIV-infected women in Yaoundé, Cameroon. (PubMed)

HIV-1 transmission and survival according to feeding options in infants born to HIV-infected women in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Evidence of 24-months survival in the frame of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade-care is scare from routine programs in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings. Specifically, data on infant outcomes according to feeding options remain largely unknown by month-24, thus limiting its breath for public-health recommendations toward eliminating new pediatric (...) HIV-1 infections and improving care. We sought to evaluate HIV-1 vertical transmission and infant survival rates according to feeding options.A retrospective cohort-study conducted in Yaounde from April 2008 through December 2013 among 1086 infants born to HIV-infected women and followed-up throughout the PMTCT cascade-care until 24-months. Infants with documented feeding option during their first 3 months of life (408 on Exclusive Breastfeeding [EBF], 663 Exclusive Replacement feeding [ERF], 15

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 BMC Pediatrics

50. Distinction between serological responses following tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) infection vs vaccination, Sweden 2017. (PubMed)

Distinction between serological responses following tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) infection vs vaccination, Sweden 2017. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is an important European vaccine-preventable pathogen. Discrimination of vaccine-induced antibodies from those elicited by infection is important. We studied anti-TBEV IgM/IgG responses, including avidity and neutralisation, by multiplex serology in 50 TBEV patients and 50 TBEV vaccinees. Infection induced antibodies reactive (...) to both whole virus (WV) and non-structural protein 1 (NS1) in 48 clinical cases, whereas 47 TBEV vaccinees had WV, but not NS1 antibodies, enabling efficient discrimination of infection/vaccination.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Euro Surveillance

51. Resources to address stigma related to sexuality, substance use and sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (PubMed)

Resources to address stigma related to sexuality, substance use and sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Canada Communicable Disease Report

52. Incident HIV infection has fallen rapidly in men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia (2013-2017) but not in the newly-arrived Asian-born. (PubMed)

Incident HIV infection has fallen rapidly in men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia (2013-2017) but not in the newly-arrived Asian-born. We examined differences in incident HIV infection between newly-arrived Asian-born and other men who have sex with men (MSM) after the introduction of universal HIV treatment guidelines in 2015 and pre-exposure prophylaxis in 2016.Clinical, demographic, laboratory and behavioural data on MSM presenting for HIV testing at the Melbourne Sexual Health (...) Centre from July 2013 to June 2017 were extracted. We compared the proportion of newly-arrived (four years or less in Australia), Asian-born and other MSM tested each year who were diagnosed with incident HIV infection (negative test within one year or diagnosis with indeterminate or negative Western Blot).We analysed 35,743 testing episodes in 12,180 MSM, including 2781 testing episodes in 1047 newly-arrived Asian-born MSM. The proportion of other MSM tested each year who were diagnosed

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 BMC Infectious Diseases

53. Blood-borne viral infections in pediatric hemodialysis. (PubMed)

leading to increased morbidity and mortality, as compared to the healthy population. The hemodialysis population is at increased risk of blood-borne viral infections as compared to the general population due to multiple factors. Here we review risk factors of blood-borne viral infections, strategies for prevention, and approach to therapy in the pediatric hemodialysis population. (...) Blood-borne viral infections in pediatric hemodialysis. Hemodialysis patients are at increased risk for development of blood-borne viral infections. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a once fatal infection, has become treatable, but continues to be associated with increased mortality. Hepatitis B and C viral infections can lead to acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, or hepatocellular carcinoma. Young children and immunocompromised patients are more likely to develop chronic disease

2018 Pediatric Nephrology

54. Initiation of anti-retroviral therapy before pregnancy reduces the risk of infection-related hospitalization in HIV-exposed uninfected infants born in a high-income country. (PubMed)

and predicted the risk of infant hospitalization.These observations indicate that initiation of maternal ART before pregnancy reduces the susceptibility of HEU infants born in a HIC to severe infections and that this effect could be related to the prevention of immune alterations during fetal life. (...) Initiation of anti-retroviral therapy before pregnancy reduces the risk of infection-related hospitalization in HIV-exposed uninfected infants born in a high-income country. Epidemiological studies conducted in low and high-income countries showed that infants exposed to maternal HIV but not infected themselves by the virus have a high risk of severe infections. Immune alterations during fetal life have been proposed as a possible mechanism.This prospective study was conducted to assess

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Clinical Infectious Diseases

55. Meta-Analyses of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection, Dissemination, and Transmission Rates in Vectors. (PubMed)

Meta-Analyses of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection, Dissemination, and Transmission Rates in Vectors. The objective of this work was to summarize and quantify Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infection, dissemination, and transmission rates in mosquitoes, using a meta-analysis approach. Data were obtained from experimental studies, gathered by means of a systematic review of the literature. Random-effects subgroup meta-analysis models by mosquito species were fitted to estimate pooled (...) estimates and to calculate the variance between studies for three outcomes of interest: JEV infection, dissemination, and transmission rates in mosquitoes. To identify sources of heterogeneity among studies and to assess the association between different predictors (mosquito species, virus administration route, incubation period, and diagnostic method) with the outcome JEV infection rate in vectors, we fitted univariable meta-regression models. Mosquito species and administration route represented

2018 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

56. Infection history of the blood-meal host dictates pathogenic potential of the Lyme disease spirochete within the feeding tick vector (PubMed)

Infection history of the blood-meal host dictates pathogenic potential of the Lyme disease spirochete within the feeding tick vector Lyme disease in humans is caused by several genospecies of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) complex of spirochetal bacteria, including B. burgdorferi, B. afzelii and B. garinii. These bacteria exist in nature as obligate parasites in an enzootic cycle between small vertebrate hosts and Ixodid tick vectors, with humans representing incidental hosts (...) . During the natural enzootic cycle, infected ticks in endemic areas feed not only upon naïve hosts, but also upon seropositive infected hosts. In the current study, we considered this environmental parameter and assessed the impact of the immune status of the blood-meal host on the phenotype of the Lyme disease spirochete within the tick vector. We found that blood from a seropositive host profoundly attenuates the infectivity (>104 fold) of homologous spirochetes within the tick vector without

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 PLoS pathogens

57. Safety, Reactogenicity and Immunogenicity of Adenovirus Serotype 26 (Ad26)- and Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA)-Vectored Vaccine Components in Otherwise Healthy Women With Persistent Human Papillomavirus HPV16 or HPV18 Infection of the Cervix

Safety, Reactogenicity and Immunogenicity of Adenovirus Serotype 26 (Ad26)- and Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA)-Vectored Vaccine Components in Otherwise Healthy Women With Persistent Human Papillomavirus HPV16 or HPV18 Infection of the Cervix Safety, Reactogenicity and Immunogenicity of Adenovirus Serotype 26 (Ad26)- and Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA)-Vectored Vaccine Components in Otherwise Healthy Women With Persistent Human Papillomavirus HPV16 or HPV18 Infection of the Cervix - Full Text (...) See Sponsor: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. Collaborator: Bavarian Nordic Information provided by (Responsible Party): Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The main purpose of this study is to assess safety and reactogenicity of the 3 vaccine regimens. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Human Papillomavirus Infections Biological: Ad26.HPV16 Biological: Ad26.HPV18 Biological: MVA.HPV16/18 Biological: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

2018 Clinical Trials

58. Integrated analysis of human-animal-vector surveillance: West Nile virus infections in Austria, 2015–2016 (PubMed)

Integrated analysis of human-animal-vector surveillance: West Nile virus infections in Austria, 2015–2016 The results of integrated human and veterinary surveillance for West Nile virus (WNV) infections in Austria during the transmission seasons 2015 and 2016 are shown. Altogether WNV nucleic acid was detected in 21 humans, horses, wild birds and mosquito pools. In detail: in four human clinical cases [two cases of West Nile fever (WNF) and two cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND (...) between severity of disease and the analyzed genetic virulence/neuroinvasiveness markers. Results of integrated human-animal-vector surveillance presented in this paper provide a comprehensive description of WNV activity in the region and will facilitate proactive public health measures to prevent or mitigate potential outbreaks.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Emerging Microbes & Infections

59. Therapeutic Efficacy of Vectored PGT121 Gene Delivery in HIV-1-Infected Humanized Mice (PubMed)

Therapeutic Efficacy of Vectored PGT121 Gene Delivery in HIV-1-Infected Humanized Mice Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) are being explored for HIV-1 prevention and cure strategies. However, administration of purified bNAbs poses challenges in resource-poor settings, where the HIV-1 disease burden is greatest. In vivo vector-based production of bNAbs represents an alternative strategy. We investigated adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) and adeno-associated virus serotype 1 (AAV1) vectors (...) . In HIV-1-infected BLT humanized mice, Ad5.PGT121 resulted in a greater reduction of viral loads than did AAV1.PGT121. Ad5.PGT121 also led to more-sustained virologic control than purified PGT121 IgG. Ad5.PGT121 afforded more rapid, robust, and durable antiviral efficacy than AAV1.PGT121 and purified PGT121 IgG in HIV-1-infected humanized mice. Further evaluation of vector delivery of HIV-1 bNAbs is warranted, although approaches to prevent the generation of antiantibody responses may also

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Journal of virology

60. Infection and exposure to vector-borne pathogens in rural dogs and their ticks, Uganda (PubMed)

Infection and exposure to vector-borne pathogens in rural dogs and their ticks, Uganda In rural parts of Africa, dogs live in close association with humans and livestock, roam freely, and usually do not receive prophylactic measures. Thus, they are a source of infectious disease for humans and for wildlife such as protected carnivores. In 2011, an epidemiological study was carried out around three conservation areas in Uganda to detect the presence and determine the prevalence of vector-borne (...) %), including R. conorii and R. massiliae; Ehrlichia sp. (18.9%), including E. chaffeensis and Anaplasma platys; and B. rossi (1.7%). Bartonella spp. was not detected in any of the blood or tick samples.This study confirms the presence of previously undetected vector-borne pathogens of humans and animals in East Africa. We recommend that dog owners in rural Uganda be advised to protect their animals against ectoparasites to prevent the transmission of pathogens to humans and wildlife.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2015 Parasites & vectors

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>