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Prevention of Waterborne Illness

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1. Prevention of Waterborne Illness

Prevention of Waterborne Illness Prevention of Waterborne Illness Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Prevention (...) of Waterborne Illness Prevention of Waterborne Illness Aka: Prevention of Waterborne Illness , Prevention of Water-borne Illness II. Prevention: Traveler's Diarrhea Do not drink tap water outside of countries with advanced filtration and chemical purification systems See for effective methods does not typically disinfect Freezing does not disinfect Keep a bottle of sterilized water (filtered, boiled, or chemically treated) near the sink Serves as a reminder to prevent contamination of es, dentures and other

2018 FP Notebook

2. Prevention of Waterborne Illness

Prevention of Waterborne Illness Prevention of Waterborne Illness Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Prevention (...) of Waterborne Illness Prevention of Waterborne Illness Aka: Prevention of Waterborne Illness , Prevention of Water-borne Illness II. Prevention: Traveler's Diarrhea Do not drink tap water outside of countries with advanced filtration and chemical purification systems See for effective methods does not typically disinfect Freezing does not disinfect Keep a bottle of sterilized water (filtered, boiled, or chemically treated) near the sink Serves as a reminder to prevent contamination of es, dentures and other

2017 FP Notebook

3. Waterborne Illness

Waterborne Illness Waterborne Illness Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Waterborne Illness Waterborne Illness Aka (...) infections are rare (e.g. , ) Neurologic Illness (rare, Naegleria fowleri complication) Skin or soft tissue infection ( , schistosome mediated) (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) Typical l ( , ) Pseudomonas aeruginosa ( ) (risk of ) VI. Prevention See See VII. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Waterborne Illness." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies

2018 FP Notebook

4. Waterborne Illness

Waterborne Illness Waterborne Illness Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Waterborne Illness Waterborne Illness Aka (...) infections are rare (e.g. , ) Neurologic Illness (rare, Naegleria fowleri complication) Skin or soft tissue infection ( , schistosome mediated) (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) Typical l ( , ) Pseudomonas aeruginosa ( ) (risk of ) VI. Prevention See See VII. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Waterborne Illness." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies

2017 FP Notebook

5. Waterborne Disease Outbreaks Associated With Environmental and Undetermined Exposures to Water — United States, 2013–2014 (PubMed)

Waterborne Disease Outbreaks Associated With Environmental and Undetermined Exposures to Water — United States, 2013–2014 Waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States are associated with a wide variety of water exposures and are reported annually to CDC on a voluntary basis by state and territorial health departments through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS). A majority of outbreaks arise from exposure to drinking water (1) or recreational water (2), whereas others (...) are caused by an environmental exposure to water or an undetermined exposure to water. During 2013-2014, 15 outbreaks associated with an environmental exposure to water and 12 outbreaks with an undetermined exposure to water were reported, resulting in at least 289 cases of illness, 108 hospitalizations, and 17 deaths. Legionella was responsible for 63% of the outbreaks, 94% of hospitalizations, and all deaths. Outbreaks were also caused by Cryptosporidium, Pseudomonas, and Giardia, including six

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2017 MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

6. Risk Factors and Surveillance Systems for Foodborne Illness Outbreaks in Canada

is only 10,000 cases but with a substantial cost of 30 million USD since the pathogens can cause severe illness. 13 Current Federal Surveillance Systems Regional authorities, P/T governments, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), and other federal government organizations, including the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and Health Canada, are all involved in the overall food safety system that works to prevent foodborne illness in Canada. 3 The food safety system includes foodborne illness (...) are also able to publish their outbreak summaries here. 78 Gaps in the Literature and Surveillance Systems Assessment of risk factors in relation to consumers remains the least studied in the farm-to-fork continuum. A considerable amount of food preparation and handling occurs in the domestic environment; therefore, research regarding the risk of unsafe food-handling practices is an essential element towards prevention of foodborne disease. Foodborne illness is vastly underreported in Canada, a trend

2014 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

7. NASPGHAN Clinical Report: Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Infectious Diseases in Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Receiving Tumor Necrosis Factor - alpha Inhibitors

NASPGHAN Clinical Report: Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Infectious Diseases in Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Receiving Tumor Necrosis Factor - alpha Inhibitors Copyright © ESPGHAL and NASPGHAN. All rights reserved. NASPGHAN Clinical Report: Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Infectious Diseases in Pediatric Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Receiving Tumor Necrosis Factor-a Inhibitors Monica I. Ardura, y Sima S. Toussi, z Jane D. Siegel, § Ying (...) literature regarding infections in pediatric patients with IBD receiving anti-TNFa therapies. The objective of this document is to provide comprehensive information for prevention, surveillance, and diagnosis of infections based on current knowledge, until additional pediatric data are available to inform evidence-based recommendations. Key Words: infections, pediatric in?ammatory bowel disease, tumor necrosis factor a inhibitors (JPGN 2016;63: 130–155) T reatment of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease

2016 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

8. Effectiveness of Point-of-use Water Treatment Technologies to Prevent Stunting Among Children in South Africa

Effectiveness of Point-of-use Water Treatment Technologies to Prevent Stunting Among Children in South Africa Effectiveness of Point-of-use Water Treatment Technologies to Prevent Stunting Among Children in South Africa - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effectiveness of Point-of-use Water Treatment Technologies to Prevent Stunting Among Children in South Africa The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03012048 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : January 6

2017 Clinical Trials

9. Healthcare-Associated Outbreaks Associated with a Water Reservoir and Infection Prevention Strategies. (PubMed)

Healthcare-Associated Outbreaks Associated with a Water Reservoir and Infection Prevention Strategies. Hospital water may serve as a reservoir of healthcare-associated pathogens, and contaminated water can lead to outbreaks and severe infections. The clinical features of waterborne outbreaks and infections as well as prevention strategies and control measures are reviewed. The common waterborne pathogens were bacteria, including Legionella and other gram-negative bacteria, and nontuberculous (...) mycobacteria, although fungi and viruses were occasionally described. These pathogens caused a variety of infections, including bacteremia and invasive and disseminated diseases, particularly among immunocompromised hosts and critically ill adults as well as neonates. Waterborne outbreaks occurred in healthcare settings with emergence of new reported reservoirs, including electronic faucets (Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Legionella), decorative water wall fountains (Legionella), and heater-cooler devices used

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2016 Clinical Infectious Diseases

10. Diarrhoea - prevention and advice for travellers

Diarrhoea - prevention and advice for travellers Diarrhoea - prevention and advice for travellers - NICE CKS Clinical Knowledge Summaries Share Diarrhoea - prevention and advice for travellers: Summary Travellers' diarrhoea is a clinical syndrome associated with contaminated food or water, that occurs during or shortly after travel. Acute watery diarrhoea and abdominal pain and cramps are experienced in 80% of cases of travellers' diarrhoea. For 20–50% of cases of travellers' diarrhoea (...) of hygiene and sanitation. Advice should be offered regarding self-management and when to seek medical advice if they develop diarrhoea during their travels. For people at high risk of travellers' diarrhoea: The importance of personal hygiene, food hygiene, and safe drinking water should be emphasized. Warn about the risk of waterborne infection and avoidance of contaminated recreational water. Antibiotic prophylaxis may be appropriate for certain high-risk travellers. Consider whether a prescription

2013 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

11. Foodborne illness

pathogens [ ] Many foodborne illnesses remain poorly understood. , Aeromonas caviae , Aeromonas sobria Preventing bacterial food poisoning [ ] Proper storage and of help in the prevention of food poisoning Prevention is mainly the role of the state, through the definition of strict rules of and a of surveying of animal products in the food chain, from to the transformation industry and delivery (shops and ). This regulation includes: : in a final product, it must be possible to know the origin (...) of the ingredients (originating farm, identification of the harvesting or of the animal) and where and when it was processed; the origin of the illness can thus be tracked and solved (and possibly penalized), and the final products can be removed from the sale if a problem is detected; enforcement of hygiene procedures such as and the " "; power of control and of law enforcement of . In August 2006, the United States approved which involves spraying meat with viruses that infect bacteria, and thus preventing

2012 Wikipedia

12. Preparing HIV-infected children and adolescents for travel

126 Vienna units per ml (VIEU/ml) (25). The vaccine course consists of 3 doses, the first on day 0, the second 1-3 months after the first, and the third 5-12 months after the second. An accelerated course is possible. To achieve immunity before the beginning of the seasonal tick activity, which is in spring, the first and second dose should preferably be given in the winter months. 17 Prevention of non-vaccine preventable diseases Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya are viral illnesses spread by Aedes (...) Preparing HIV-infected children and adolescents for travel 1 Guideline: Preparing HIV-infected children and adolescents for travel Authors: Natalie Prevatt Date of preparation: February 2017 Next review date: February 2019 Contents Summary 2 Introduction to the guideline 2 General travel health and safety advice for travel 2 Traveller’s diarrhoea: prevention and treatment 4 Malaria prevention 4 Personal protection 6 Chemoprophylaxis 6 Important interactions between antimalarials and ART 7

2018 The Children's HIV Association

13. Viral gastroenteritis

and is responsible for 80% of the gastroenteritis cases in the US. Person-to-person transmission is responsible for infection in most sporadic cases. Foodborne and waterborne epidemic outbreaks have the potential to involve large numbers of people. Mostly caused by norovirus. Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhoea in young children. It also causes symptomatic infection in older people and in immunocompromised adults. Diagnosis is usually made clinically. Although not routinely necessary (...) , confirmation is by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), antigen-detecting enzyme immunoassays (EIAs), immunofluorescence assays (IFAs), microscopy, serology, and viral culture. Optimal management is with oral rehydration therapy for mild and moderate cases and intravenous fluids for severe cases, plus adequate nutrition. Routine use of antibiotics, antidiarrhoeal agents, and anti-emetics is not recommended and may cause harm. Prevention through good hygiene is the key to controlling viral gastroenteritis

2017 BMJ Best Practice

14. Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies. A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice

actions to better manage the ongoing West African Ebola virus disease outbreak and passed a resolution rec- ognizing the urgent need for countries to build strong, resilient and integrated health systems capable of fully implementing the IHR (2005) (1). The resolution explicitly “requests the Director-General to continue to develop and implement an Organization-wide communications strategy to improve rou- tine communications, messaging about preventive measures, risk communication, and emergency

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

15. Identifying and Addressing the Public Health Risks of Splash Parks

- reational water in the United States. Int J Environ Health Res. 2005 Aug;15(4):243-62. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/16175741. 12.Carpenter C, Fayer R, Trout J, Beach MJ. Chlorine disinfection of recreational water for Cryptosporidium parvum. Emerg Infect Diseas- es. 1999;5(4):579. Available from: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/arti- cle/5/4/99-0425_article. 13.Castor ML, Beach M. Prevention of recreational water illnesses. Preven- tion. 2004;17(5). Available from: https://www.cdc.gov (...) /healthywater/pdf/ swimming/pools/prevention-rwi-in-children-slack.pdf. 14.Clayton JL, Miller S, Shepherd C, Dunn JR, Schaffner W, Jones TF. Water quality survey of splash pads after a waterborne Salmonellosis outbreak --Tennessee, 2014. J Environ Health. 2017 06;79(10):8-12. Available from: https://www.neha.org/node/59102. 15.de Man H, Bouwknegt M, van Heijnsbergen E, Leenen EJ, van Knap- en F, de Roda Husman AM. Health risk assessment for splash parks that use rainwater as source water. Water Res. 2014

2017 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

16. Handbook on implementing syndromic surveillance in migrant reception/detention centres and other refugee settings

Handbook on implementing syndromic surveillance in migrant reception/detention centres and other refugee settings TECHNICAL DOCUMENT Handbook on implementing syndromic surveillance in migrant reception/detention centres and other refugee settings www.ecdc.europa.eu ECDC TECHNICAL DOCUMENT Handbook on implementing syndromic surveillance in migrant reception/detention centres and other refugee settings ii This report was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC (...) Ciancio, Joana Gomes Dias, Chantal Quinten, Mike Catchpole, all provided detailed comments on the draft version of this report. Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Handbook on implementing syndromic surveillance in migrant reception/detention centres and other refugee settings. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016. Stockholm, October 2016 ISBN 978-92-9193-991-6 doi 10.2900/22710 Catalogue number TQ-06-16-112-EN-N © European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2016

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

17. Best practices in ranking emerging infectious disease threats: A literature review

Best practices in ranking emerging infectious disease threats: A literature review TECHNICAL REPORT Best practices in ranking emerging infectious disease threats A literature review www.ecdc.europa.eu ECDC TECHNICAL REPORT Best practices in ranking emerging infectious disease threats A literature review ii This report was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), coordinated by Jonathan Suk, and produced by Bazian Ltd, London. Declarations of interest were (...) Prevention and Control. Best practices in ranking emerging infectious disease threats. Stockholm: ECDC; 2015. Stockholm, February 2015 ISBN 978-92-9193-621-2 doi 10.2900/653753 Catalogue number TQ-04-15-110-EN-N Cover photo: Thomas Mathie, licenced under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND 2.0) license © European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2015 Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged TECHNICAL REPORT Best practices in ranking emerging infectious disease threats iii

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Literature Reviews

18. Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diarrhea

Professor of Pediatrics and Interim Clinical Division Chief, Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Marcus Professor of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, Emory University School of Medicine and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, 2015 Uppergate Drive NE, Rm. 504A, Atlanta, GA 30322. ( ). Search for other works by this author on: Rajal K Mody, MD Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia Search for other works (...) of Travelers’ Diarrhea DuPont et al [113] Medical Considerations Before International Travel Freedman et al [207] The Yellow Book CDC Travelers Health CDC Immunocompromised hosts Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents CDC/NIH/HIVMA/IDSA Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children CDC/NIH/HIVMA/IDSA Foodborne and waterborne Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

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2017 Infectious Diseases Society of America

19. Physical activity: walking and cycling

- motorised transport an easier option.) National actions to support walking and cycling, such as fiscal measures and other policy interventions to alter the balance between active and motorised travel in terms of cost and convenience. Measures to reduce the risk of unintentional injuries from walking and cycling. (See NICE's guidance on strategies to prevent unintentional injuries among under-15s.) Who is this guidance for? The guidance is for commissioners, managers and practitioners involved (...) of the scale of changes needed to encourage the population to change its behaviour. Ensure programmes take account of recommendations on developing local and regional programmes (recommendations 13–18) in NICE's guidance on preventing cardiovascular disease, in particular those relating to the need for long-term action. Ensure programmes take account of the geography of the surrounding area (for instance, connections with neighbouring local authority areas), as well as local factors such as major road

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

20. Measures to Mitigate Risk of Contaminated Hauled Water: A Focused Practice Question

introduce potential avenues for contamination of the water, which may lead to waterborne illness in consumers. In accordance with the Drinking Water Protocol under the Ontario Public Health Standards, boards of health are required to inspect water hauling vehicles transporting drinking water annually using the Drinking Water Haulage Guidance Document (2008) 1 . Currently, there are no requirements under the Health Protection and Promotion Act regulating the operation of water haulage vehicles. Although (...) Description of Included Articles 5 8 Synthesis of Findings 7 9 Limitations and Gaps 10 10 Relevance to Practice 10 References 11 Appendices 13 Appendix A: Search Strategy 14 Appendix B: Literature Search Flowchart 16 Appendix C: Critical Appraisal of Environmental Health Procedures (Protocols) 17 Appendix D: Data Extraction Tables 19 1 Key Messages Key mitigation measures to prevent contaminated hauled water include: 1. Ensuring the use of an approved water source 2. Ensuring the design of the hauling

2015 Peel Health Library

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