How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

480 results for

Prevention of Vector-borne Infection

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Supporting and strengthening research on urban health interventions for the prevention and control of vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty: scoping reviews and research gap analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Supporting and strengthening research on urban health interventions for the prevention and control of vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty: scoping reviews and research gap analysis More than half of the world's population currently lives in urban settlements that grow both in size and number. By 2050, approximately 70% of the global population will be living in urban conglomerations, mainly in low- and middle-income countries. Mobility, poverty, different layers (...) of inequalities as well as climate variability and change are some of the social and environmental factors that influence the exposure of human populations in urban settings to vector-borne diseases, which pose eminent public health threats. Accurate, consistent, and evidence-based interventions for prevention and control of vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings are needed to implement innovative and cost-effective public policy and to promote inclusive and equitable urban

2018 Infectious diseases of poverty

2. Clinical evaluation of outdoor cats exposed to ectoparasites and associated risk for vector-borne infections in southern Italy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical evaluation of outdoor cats exposed to ectoparasites and associated risk for vector-borne infections in southern Italy Cats can be carriers of infected arthropods and be infected with several vector-borne pathogens (VBP) but there is limited knowledge about their pathogenic role in cats.A cross-sectional controlled study investigated the clinical status and antibody (Bartonella henselae, Rickettsia conorii, Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti and Leishmania (...) creatinine.A very high prevalence of exposure to zoonotic VBP was found in cats, with Rickettsia and Bartonella infections being most prevalent. Some risk factors were documented namely for Mycoplasma spp. and Bartonella spp. The lifestyle of cats is clinically relevant and requires specific preventative measures to protect their health.

2018 Parasites & vectors

3. Increased risk for autochthonous vector-borne infections transmitted by <i>Aedes albopictus</i> in continental Europe. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increased risk for autochthonous vector-borne infections transmitted by Aedes albopictus in continental Europe. Autochthonous outbreaks of chikungunya and dengue during the past decade showed that continental Europe is vulnerable to Aedes albopictus-borne infections. Ae. albopictus has spread geographically, resulting in more people exposed to risk. Timely application of adequate mosquito suppression measures may delay, or even prevent, the vector population from crossing the potential (...) epidemic abundance threshold should a pathogen be introduced. Health authorities should be on alert to detect early cases to prevent autochthonous outbreaks.

2018 Euro Surveillance

4. Prevention of Vector-borne Infection

Prevention of Vector-borne Infection Prevention of Vector-borne Infection Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Prevention (...) of Vector-borne Infection Prevention of Vector-borne Infection Aka: Prevention of Vector-borne Infection , Prevention of Mosquito Bite , Prevention of Tick-borne Infection , Vector-borne Disease Prevention II. Management: General Preventive measures Repellant to skin to clothes Perform tick checks daily after outdoor activity (at least within 36 hours of exposure) Ticks typically crawl and embed at a constriction point (e.g. skin fold, waist line) Prompt may prevent disease transmission Perform tick

2018 FP Notebook

5. Establishing research priorities in prevention and control of vector-borne diseases in urban areas: a collaborative process Full Text available with Trip Pro

Establishing research priorities in prevention and control of vector-borne diseases in urban areas: a collaborative process In 2015, following a call for proposals from the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), six scoping reviews on the prevention and control of vector-borne diseases in urban areas were conducted. Those reviews provided a clear picture of the available knowledge and highlighted knowledge gaps, as well as needs and opportunities for future (...) of health, city and regional vector control departments, and vector control programs) completed the concept mapping, answering the question: "In view of the knowledge synthesis and your own expertise, what do we still need to know about vector-borne diseases and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban areas?" Participants rated each statement on two scales from 1 to 5, one relative to 'priority' and the other to 'policy relevance', and grouped statements into clusters based on their own individual

2018 Infectious diseases of poverty

6. Approach to identifying research gaps on vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings: scoping review protocol from the VERDAS consortium and reflections on the project’s implementation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Approach to identifying research gaps on vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings: scoping review protocol from the VERDAS consortium and reflections on the project’s implementation This paper presents the overall approach undertaken by the "VEctor boRne DiseAses Scoping reviews" (VERDAS) consortium in response to a call issued by the Vectors, Environment and Society unit of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases hosted by the World (...) Health Organization. The aim of the project was to undertake a broad knowledge synthesis and identify knowledge gaps regarding the control and prevention of vector-borne diseases in urban settings.The consortium consists of 14 researchers, 13 research assistants, and one research coordinator from seven different institutions in Canada, Colombia, Brazil, France, Spain, and Burkina Faso. A six-step protocol was developed for the scoping reviews undertaken by the consortium, based on the framework

2018 Infectious diseases of poverty

7. High prevalence of vector-borne pathogens in domestic and wild carnivores in Iraq. (Abstract)

High prevalence of vector-borne pathogens in domestic and wild carnivores in Iraq. Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) of domestic and wild carnivores are of major public health concern both in industrialized and developing countries, especially in poor socioeconomic settings. War-torn areas specifically suffer from absence of veterinary surveillance of VBDs, resulting in lack of scientific knowledge on this topic. To investigate occurence and prevalence of several vector-borne pathogens (VBPs (...) , possibly sharing the same tick vectors. Large-scale surveys are urgently needed to further assess VBPs distribution in Iraq and establish preventative strategies in domestic animals to minimize the risk of infection for animals and humans.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

2019 Acta Tropica

8. Clustered Breeding Sites: Shelters for Vector-Borne Diseases Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clustered Breeding Sites: Shelters for Vector-Borne Diseases Here, the propagation of vector-borne diseases is modeled by using a probabilistic cellular automaton. Numerical simulations considering distinct spatial distributions and time variations of the vector abundance are performed, in order to investigate their impacts on the number of infected individuals of the host population. The main conclusion is as follows: in the clustered distributions, the prevalence is lower, but the eradication (...) is more difficult to be achieved, as compared to homogeneous distributions. This result can be relevant in the implementation of preventive surveillance measures.

2018 Computational and mathematical methods in medicine

9. Surveillance of vector-borne pathogens under imperfect detection: lessons from Chagas disease risk (mis)measurement Full Text available with Trip Pro

Surveillance of vector-borne pathogens under imperfect detection: lessons from Chagas disease risk (mis)measurement Vector-borne pathogens threaten human health worldwide. Despite their critical role in disease prevention, routine surveillance systems often rely on low-complexity pathogen detection tests of uncertain accuracy. In Chagas disease surveillance, optical microscopy (OM) is routinely used for detecting Trypanosoma cruzi in its vectors. Here, we use replicate T. cruzi detection data (...) was ~100% specific but only ~55% sensitive. In routine surveillance, examination of a single OM slide per vector missed ~50-75% of infections and wrongly scored as infected ~7% of the bugs. qPCR-based and model-based infection frequency estimates were nearly three times higher, on average, than OM-based indices. We conclude that the risk of vector-borne Chagas disease may be substantially higher than routine surveillance data suggest. The hierarchical modelling approach we illustrate can help enhance

2018 Scientific reports

10. Criteria for the prioritization of public health interventions for climate-sensitive vector-borne diseases in Quebec. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Criteria for the prioritization of public health interventions for climate-sensitive vector-borne diseases in Quebec. Prioritizing resources for optimal responses to an ever growing list of existing and emerging infectious diseases represents an important challenge to public health. In the context of climate change, there is increasing anticipated variability in the occurrence of infectious diseases, notably climate-sensitive vector-borne diseases. An essential step in prioritizing efforts (...) of these criteria for research, surveillance and disease prevention and control objectives. A preliminary list of criteria was identified following a review of the literature. Discussions with stakeholders were held to consolidate and validate this list of criteria and examine their effects on disease prioritization. After this validation phase, a total of 21 criteria were retained. A pilot vector-borne disease prioritization exercise was conducted using PROMETHEE to examine the effects of the retained criteria

2017 PLoS ONE

11. Zika virus infection: Past and present of another emerging vector-borne disease. (Abstract)

Zika virus infection: Past and present of another emerging vector-borne disease. Zika virus infection is an emerging mosquito-borne disease, first identified in Uganda in 1947. It is caused by the Zika arbovirus, and transmitted by the bites of infected mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. For almost half a century, the Zika virus was reported as the causative agent of sporadic human infections. In 2007, the Zika virus emerged outside Asia and Africa causing an epidemic on the Island of Yap (...) of Guillain-Barrι syndrome and microcephaly were associated with Zika virus infection, giving rise to fears of further global spread of the virus. Prevention and vector control strategies have to be urgently implemented by national health authorities in order to contain future outbreaks in vulnerable populations. This review summarizes the existing information on Zika virus characteristics, pathogenesis and epidemiology, the available methods for the diagnosis of Zika virus infection and recent approaches

2016 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

12. Infection and exposure to vector-borne pathogens in rural dogs and their ticks, Uganda Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infection and exposure to vector-borne pathogens in rural dogs and their ticks, Uganda In rural parts of Africa, dogs live in close association with humans and livestock, roam freely, and usually do not receive prophylactic measures. Thus, they are a source of infectious disease for humans and for wildlife such as protected carnivores. In 2011, an epidemiological study was carried out around three conservation areas in Uganda to detect the presence and determine the prevalence of vector-borne (...) %), including R. conorii and R. massiliae; Ehrlichia sp. (18.9%), including E. chaffeensis and Anaplasma platys; and B. rossi (1.7%). Bartonella spp. was not detected in any of the blood or tick samples.This study confirms the presence of previously undetected vector-borne pathogens of humans and animals in East Africa. We recommend that dog owners in rural Uganda be advised to protect their animals against ectoparasites to prevent the transmission of pathogens to humans and wildlife.

2015 Parasites & vectors

13. Clinical and molecular investigation of a canine distemper outbreak and vector-borne infections in a group of rescue dogs imported from Hungary to Switzerland Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Because dogs were put under strict quarantine until CDV shedding ceased, CDV did not spread to any other dogs. The CDV isolates showed 99 % sequence identity in the HA gene among each other and belonged to the Arctic-like lineage of CDV.The present study highlights the imminent risks of spreading contagious viral and vector-borne infections through the non-selective import of sick dogs and dogs with incomplete vaccination from Eastern Europe. CDV shedding was detected for several months after (...) the cessation of clinical signs, which emphasised the roles of asymptomatic carriers in CDV epidemiology. A long-term follow-up using sensitive PCR and strict quarantine measures is of upmost importance in preventing the spread of infection. Dog owners and animal welfare organisations should be educated regarding the importance of complete vaccinations and the impact of dog imports on the spread of viral and vector-borne pathogens.

2015 BMC veterinary research

14. Intestinal parasites and vector-borne pathogens in stray and free-roaming cats living in continental and insular Greece Full Text available with Trip Pro

cats living in areas of Greece under examination may be exposed to a plethora of internal parasites and vector-borne pathogens, some of them potentially able to infect humans. Therefore, epidemiological vigilance and appropriate control measures are crucial for the prevention and control of these infections and to minimize the risk of infection for people. (...) examined with different microscopic, serological and molecular assays aiming at evaluating the occurrence of intestinal parasites, and exposure to or presence of vector-borne infections. A total of 135 cats (90%) was positive for one or more parasites and/or pathogens transmitted by ectoparasites. Forty-four (29.3%) cats were positive for one single infection, while 91 (60.7%) for more than one pathogen. A high number of (n. 53) multiple infections caused by feline intestinal and vector-borne agents

2017 PLoS neglected tropical diseases

15. Integrating Environmental Monitoring and Mosquito Surveillance to Predict Vector-borne Disease: Prospective Forecasts of a West Nile Virus Outbreak Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integrating Environmental Monitoring and Mosquito Surveillance to Predict Vector-borne Disease: Prospective Forecasts of a West Nile Virus Outbreak Predicting the timing and locations of future mosquito-borne disease outbreaks has the potential to improve the targeting of mosquito control and disease prevention efforts. Here, we present and evaluate prospective forecasts made prior to and during the 2016 West Nile virus (WNV) season in South Dakota, a hotspot for human WNV transmission (...) in the United States.We used a county-level logistic regression model to predict the weekly probability of human WNV case occurrence as a function of temperature, precipitation, and an index of mosquito infection status. The model was specified and fitted using historical data from 2004-2015 and was applied in 2016 to make short-term forecasts of human WNV cases in the upcoming week as well as whole-year forecasts of WNV cases throughout the entire transmission season. These predictions were evaluated

2017 PLoS currents

16. Mosquitoes on a plane: Disinsection will not stop the spread of vector-borne pathogens, a simulation study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mosquitoes on a plane: Disinsection will not stop the spread of vector-borne pathogens, a simulation study Mosquito-borne diseases are increasingly being recognized as global threats, with increased air travel accelerating their occurrence in travelers and their spread to new locations. Since the early days of aviation, concern over the possible transportation of infected mosquitoes has led to recommendations to disinsect aircraft. Despite rare reports of mosquitoes, most likely transported (...) the incidental transportation of infected mosquitoes. Thus, while disinsection may serve a role in preventing the spread of vector species and other invasive insects, it is unlikely to impact the spread of mosquito-borne pathogens.

2017 PLoS neglected tropical diseases

17. Serological and molecular prevalence of canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) in Korea Full Text available with Trip Pro

prevalence rates of both "Ca. M. haematoparvum" and Mycoplasma haemocanis in dogs from Korea indicate that these organisms may be transmitted by vectors other than Rhipicephalus sanguineus because this tick species has rarely been found in Korea. This is the first nationwide survey for canine haemotropic mycoplasma infections in Korea.This study showed that the risk of exposure to major vector-borne diseases in dogs is quite high throughout all areas of South Korean Peninsula. Since achieving full (...) Serological and molecular prevalence of canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) in Korea Previous surveys in dogs from Korea indicated that dogs are exposed to a variety of vector- borne pathogens, but perception for a nation-wide canine vector-borne disease (CVBD) occurrence has been missing. We report here results of both serological and molecular prevalence studies for major CVBDs of dogs from all over the South Korean Peninsula except for Jeju Island.Serological survey of 532 outdoor dogs

2017 Parasites & vectors

18. Treatment and prevention of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer) in Australia: guideline update Full Text available with Trip Pro

and vector-borne notifiable diseases, Victoria, Australia. Emerg Infect Dis 2009; 15: 614-615. Fyfe JA, Lavender CJ, Handasyde KA, et al. A major role for mammals in the ecology of Mycobacterium ulcerans . PLOS Negl Trop Dis 2010; 4: e791. Pouillot R, Matias G, Wondje CM, et al. Risk factors for buruli ulcer: a case control study in Cameroon. PLOS Negl Trop Dis 2007; 1: e101. Landier J, Boisier P, Fotso Piam F, et al. Adequate wound care and use of bed nets as protective factors against Buruli ulcer (...) Treatment and prevention of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer) in Australia: guideline update Treatment and prevention of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer) in Australia: guideline update | The Medical Journal of Australia mja-search search Use the for more specific terms. Title contains Body contains Date range from Date range to Article type Author's surname Volume First page doi: 10.5694/mja__.______ Search Reset  close Individual Login Purchase options Connect

2014 MJA Clinical Guidelines

19. Vector Borne Disease

Vector Borne Disease Vector Borne Disease Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Vector Borne Disease Vector Borne Disease (...) English Vector-borne transmission of infection Hungarian vector-által terjesztett fertőzés Portuguese Transmissão da infecção por meio de vector Spanish Transmisión de la infección por vectores Dutch vectoriële overdracht van infectie French Transmission par un vecteur German durch einen Vektor uebertragene Infektion Derived from the NIH UMLS ( ) Related Topics in Tick-Borne Disease About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians

2018 FP Notebook

20. Prevention of Vector-borne Infection

Prevention of Vector-borne Infection Prevention of Vector-borne Infection Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Prevention (...) of Vector-borne Infection Prevention of Vector-borne Infection Aka: Prevention of Vector-borne Infection , Prevention of Mosquito Bite , Prevention of Tick-borne Infection , Vector-borne Disease Prevention II. Management: General Preventive measures Repellant to skin to clothes Perform tick checks daily after outdoor activity (at least within 36 hours of exposure) Ticks typically crawl and embed at a constriction point (e.g. skin fold, waist line) Prompt may prevent disease transmission Perform tick

2015 FP Notebook

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>