How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,197 results for

Prenatal Vitamin

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

121. Prevention of Vitamin K deficiency bleeding in newborn infants: a position paper by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. (PubMed)

and for newborns who have cholestasis or impaired intestinal absorption or are too unwell to take oral vitamin K1, or those whose mothers have taken medications that interfere with vitamin K metabolism. Parents who receive prenatal education about the importance of vitamin K prophylaxis may be more likely to comply with local procedures. (...) Prevention of Vitamin K deficiency bleeding in newborn infants: a position paper by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) due to physiologically low vitamin K plasma concentrations is a serious risk for newborn and young infants and can be largely prevented by adequate vitamin K supplementation. The aim of this position paper is to define the condition, describe the prevalence, discuss current prophylaxis practices and outcomes, and to provide recommendations

2016 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

122. Effects of Pre-Natal Vitamin D Supplementation with Partial Correction of Vitamin D Deficiency on Early Life Healthcare Utilisation: A Randomised Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Effects of Pre-Natal Vitamin D Supplementation with Partial Correction of Vitamin D Deficiency on Early Life Healthcare Utilisation: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Some observational studies have suggested that higher prenatal Vitamin D intake may be associated with improved health outcomes in childhood. However there have been mixed results in this area with some negative studies, especially for effects on atopic and respiratory outcomes. We examined the effect of prenatal Vitamin D (...) %CI -2.63, 1.06; adjusted -1.40, 95%CI -2.45, 1.24). There were no adverse effects of supplementation reported during the trial.We found no evidence that prenatal vitamin D supplementation from 27 weeks gestation to delivery, at doses which failed to completely correct maternal vitamin D deficiency, influence overall healthcare utilisation in children in the first 3 years.Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN68645785.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2015 PloS one

123. The Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial (VDAART): Rationale, design, and methods of a randomized, controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy for the primary prevention of asthma and allergies in children. (PubMed)

, the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial (VDAART) was developed. VDAART is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in pregnant women to determine whether prenatal supplementation can prevent the development of asthma and allergies in women's offspring. A secondary aim is to determine whether vitamin D supplementation can prevent the development of pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia, preterm birth, and gestational diabetes. Women were randomized (...) The Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial (VDAART): Rationale, design, and methods of a randomized, controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy for the primary prevention of asthma and allergies in children. There is intense interest in the role of vitamin D in the development of asthma and allergies. However, studies differ on whether a higher vitamin D intake or status in pregnancy or at birth is protective against asthma and allergies. To address this uncertainty

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2014 Contemporary clinical trials

124. Maternal and child`s vitamin D supplement use and vitamin D level in relation to childhood lung function: the KOALA Birth Cohort Study (PubMed)

Maternal and child`s vitamin D supplement use and vitamin D level in relation to childhood lung function: the KOALA Birth Cohort Study Vitamin D is associated with lung function in adults, but its relation with childhood lung function is still unclear.To investigate whether prenatal and postnatal vitamin D supplementation and plasma level is associated with childhood lung function.In the KOALA Birth Cohort Study, children's lung function (n=436) was measured at age 6-7 years by means (...) of spirometry and presented as forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) z scores and forced vital capacity z scores. The mother and child's 25-hydroxyvitamin D plasma level was determined around 36 weeks of pregnancy and at age 2 years. Vitamin D supplement intake during pregnancy was defined based on the amount of vitamin D in supplements, and trimester and duration of use. Data on child's vitamin D supplement use were collected through questionnaires at ages 1, 2 and 6-7 years.25-Hydroxyvitamin D level

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 EvidenceUpdates

125. Prenatal interventions to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia in animal models: a systematic review. (PubMed)

of glucocorticoids, the other studies described therapy with epidermal growth factor, interleukin 1b, beta-naphthoflavone, or vitamin D. Outcomes were survival, pulmonary histology, lung function, and/or biochemical analysis.Though many in vivo experimental studies in animal models for bronchopulmonary dysplasia have been done, only few have looked into the effect of prenatal interventions and measured outcomes after at least 48 h of life. Most involve the use of antenatal glucocorticoids, although still only (...) Prenatal interventions to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia in animal models: a systematic review. The objective of this study is to identify and systematically review in vivo animal studies on antenatal medical interventions to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia.An automated literature search was conducted using MEDLINE (Pubmed) and Embase including all studies using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and keywords following a step-by-step approach. All in vivo prenatal intervention studies

2015 The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians

126. Prenatal diagnosis using genetic sequencing and identification of a novel mutation in MMACHC. (PubMed)

Prenatal diagnosis using genetic sequencing and identification of a novel mutation in MMACHC. Combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria, cobalamin(cbl)C deficiency, is a rare disorder of intracellular vitamin B12(cbl) metabolism caused by mutations in the MMACHC gene. Both genetic and biochemical approach have been established to diagnose children and fetuses with cblC deficiency, while in China there is no report of prenatal genetic diagnosis of cblC deficiency. The aim of the present (...) study was to characterize the mutational spectrum of cblC deficiency and investigate the feasibility of genetic-sequencing-based prenatal diagnosis for cblC deficiency.10 pedigrees were recruited in this study with the probands clinically and biochemically confirmed combined methymalonic aciduria and homocystinuria. Peripheral blood samples were collected for MMACHC genetic test from the probands and their parents (4 probands had already dead) and 50 control subjects. The entire coding region

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2015 BMC Medical Genetics

127. Optimizing Periconceptional and Prenatal Folic Acid Supplementation

Library of Medicine related topics: available for: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: PregVit-Folic 5®-5 mg folic acid Prenatal multivitamin-mineral supplement called PregVit-folic 5® contains 5 mg of folic acid. All other vitamin and mineral doses are identical between the 2 supplements, except for folic acid. Both supplements are taken as 2 tablets daily, one tablet in the morning (am) and one tablet in the evening (pm). Both multivitamins are appropriate (...) . All other vitamin and mineral doses are identical between the 2 supplements, except for folic acid. Both supplements are taken as 2 tablets daily, one tablet in the morning (am) and one tablet in the evening (pm). Both multivitamins are appropriate for periconceptional, prenatal, and post-partum supplementation. Drug: PregVit® contains 1.1 mg of folic acid Participants are randomly allocated to one of two groups: PregVit-Folic 5® (group1) contains 5 mg folic acid or PregVit® (group 2) contains 1.1

2014 Clinical Trials

128. Provider Adherence to Recommended Prenatal Care Content: Does It Differ for Obese Women? (PubMed)

-income, minority women from 2003 to 2004. Sample content items included procedures delivered at every visit (blood pressure, urinalysis, maternal weight, fetal heart rate check), timed screenings for birth defects and gestational diabetes, prenatal vitamin prescriptions, and depression screening. Weight gain, preterm deliveries, cesareans, and birthweight were compared between obese women with low and medium versus high adherence to PNC content using multivariable logistic regression. High provider (...) Provider Adherence to Recommended Prenatal Care Content: Does It Differ for Obese Women? The objective of this study was to examine provider adherence to prenatal care (PNC) content in obese and non-obese women and perinatal outcomes in obese women experiencing low and medium versus high adherence to PNC content. Provider adherence to PNC content (low <50%, medium 50-79%, and high ≥80%) was compared between obese (n = 69) and non-obese (n = 128) women in a linked database of deliveries to low

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2014 Maternal and child health journal

129. Maternal Fetal Attachment, Locus of Control and Adherence to STI/HIV Prevention and Prenatal Care Promotion Behaviors in Urban Women (PubMed)

this is beneficial, pregnant women in non-monogamous relationships may discount the importance of condom use during pregnancy. Prenatal care providers can provide education about condom use as a beneficial prenatal care behavior similar to taking prenatal vitamins. (...) Maternal Fetal Attachment, Locus of Control and Adherence to STI/HIV Prevention and Prenatal Care Promotion Behaviors in Urban Women Young women of childbearing age are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV. In particular, young women have more frequent and more serious health problems from STI or HIV infection than men, and among women, African American women have especially high rates of infection. Pregnancy is an important time for beginning

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2014 International journal of gynecological obstetrical and reproductive medicine research

130. Prenatal investments, breastfeeding, and birth order. (PubMed)

Prenatal investments, breastfeeding, and birth order. Mothers have many opportunities to invest in their own or their child's health and well-being during pregnancy and immediately after birth. These investments include seeking prenatal care, taking prenatal vitamins, and breastfeeding. In this paper, we investigate a potential determinant of mothers' investments that has been largely overlooked by previous research-birth order. Data are from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1979 (...) that mothers are 6.6 percent less likely to take prenatal vitamins in a fourth or higher-order birth than in a first and are 10.6 percent less likely to receive early prenatal care. Remarkably, mothers are 15.4 percent less likely to breastfeed a second-born child than a first, and are 20.9 percent less likely to breastfeed a fourth or higher-order child. These results are not explained by changing attitudes toward investments over time. These findings suggest that providers may want to increase efforts

2014 Social Science & Medicine

131. Neither absence nor excess of FGF23 disturbs murine fetal-placental phosphorus homeostasis or prenatal skeletal development and mineralization. (PubMed)

Neither absence nor excess of FGF23 disturbs murine fetal-placental phosphorus homeostasis or prenatal skeletal development and mineralization. Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) controls serum phosphorus largely through actions on the kidneys to excrete phosphorus and reduce calcitriol. Although these actions are well established in adults and children, the role that FGF23 plays in regulating fetal phosphorus metabolism has not been previously studied. We used several mouse models to study (...) . Placentas and fetal kidneys abundantly express FGF23 target genes. Cyp24a1 was significantly reduced in Fgf23 null kidneys and was significantly increased in Phex null placentas and fetal kidneys. Phex null kidneys also showed reduced expression of Klotho. However, these changes in gene expression did not disturb any physiological parameter related to phosphorus. A 50% reduction in FGF23 also failed to affect renal phosphorus excretion into amniotic fluid when either PTH or the vitamin D receptor were

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2014 Endocrinology

132. Prenatal Nutrition (Treatment)

is not recommended. Both iron and copper compete with zinc at absorption sites. Zinc supplementation is recommended when elemental iron supplementation exceeds 60 mg/d. Likewise, whenever zinc supplements are used, copper should also be supplemented. Different prenatal vitamin formulations contain different amounts of copper and zinc. Usually, copper or zinc supplementation can be accomplished by appropriate selection of a prenatal vitamin formulation. [ ] Sodium Sodium is present in large quantities (...) in the average American diet. The RDA is 1.5 mg during pregnancy, lactation, and the non-pregnant state. Whether pregnant or not, sodium should neither be restricted nor used excessively. [ ] Well-balanced diets "salted to taste" satisfy sodium requirements and obviate any need for supplementation. Pregnant women should be counseled that most processed and pre-prepared foods are high in sodium. [ ] Previous Next: Prenatal Vitamin Supplements A standard prenatal vitamin formulation contains: Iron - 30 mg Zinc

2014 eMedicine.com

133. Prenatal Nutrition (Overview)

is not recommended. Both iron and copper compete with zinc at absorption sites. Zinc supplementation is recommended when elemental iron supplementation exceeds 60 mg/d. Likewise, whenever zinc supplements are used, copper should also be supplemented. Different prenatal vitamin formulations contain different amounts of copper and zinc. Usually, copper or zinc supplementation can be accomplished by appropriate selection of a prenatal vitamin formulation. [ ] Sodium Sodium is present in large quantities (...) in the average American diet. The RDA is 1.5 mg during pregnancy, lactation, and the non-pregnant state. Whether pregnant or not, sodium should neither be restricted nor used excessively. [ ] Well-balanced diets "salted to taste" satisfy sodium requirements and obviate any need for supplementation. Pregnant women should be counseled that most processed and pre-prepared foods are high in sodium. [ ] Previous Next: Prenatal Vitamin Supplements A standard prenatal vitamin formulation contains: Iron - 30 mg Zinc

2014 eMedicine.com

134. Prenatal Nutrition (Follow-up)

is not recommended. Both iron and copper compete with zinc at absorption sites. Zinc supplementation is recommended when elemental iron supplementation exceeds 60 mg/d. Likewise, whenever zinc supplements are used, copper should also be supplemented. Different prenatal vitamin formulations contain different amounts of copper and zinc. Usually, copper or zinc supplementation can be accomplished by appropriate selection of a prenatal vitamin formulation. [ ] Sodium Sodium is present in large quantities (...) in the average American diet. The RDA is 1.5 mg during pregnancy, lactation, and the non-pregnant state. Whether pregnant or not, sodium should neither be restricted nor used excessively. [ ] Well-balanced diets "salted to taste" satisfy sodium requirements and obviate any need for supplementation. Pregnant women should be counseled that most processed and pre-prepared foods are high in sodium. [ ] Previous Next: Prenatal Vitamin Supplements A standard prenatal vitamin formulation contains: Iron - 30 mg Zinc

2014 eMedicine.com

135. Prenatal Nutrition (Diagnosis)

is not recommended. Both iron and copper compete with zinc at absorption sites. Zinc supplementation is recommended when elemental iron supplementation exceeds 60 mg/d. Likewise, whenever zinc supplements are used, copper should also be supplemented. Different prenatal vitamin formulations contain different amounts of copper and zinc. Usually, copper or zinc supplementation can be accomplished by appropriate selection of a prenatal vitamin formulation. [ ] Sodium Sodium is present in large quantities (...) in the average American diet. The RDA is 1.5 mg during pregnancy, lactation, and the non-pregnant state. Whether pregnant or not, sodium should neither be restricted nor used excessively. [ ] Well-balanced diets "salted to taste" satisfy sodium requirements and obviate any need for supplementation. Pregnant women should be counseled that most processed and pre-prepared foods are high in sodium. [ ] Previous Next: Prenatal Vitamin Supplements A standard prenatal vitamin formulation contains: Iron - 30 mg Zinc

2014 eMedicine.com

136. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) of vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy in a population with endemic vitamin D deficiency. (PubMed)

Randomized controlled trial (RCT) of vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy in a population with endemic vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D (vD) deficiency in pregnancy is a global health problem and the amount of vD supplementation to prevent vD deficiency is controversial.The objective of the study was to determine effectiveness and safety of prenatal 2000 IU and 4000 IU/d compared with 400 IU/d vD3 supplementation in a randomized controlled trial in population in which vD deficiency

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2013 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

137. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) of vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy in a population with endemic vitamin D deficiency. (PubMed)

Randomized controlled trial (RCT) of vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy in a population with endemic vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D (vD) deficiency in pregnancy is a global health problem and the amount of vD supplementation to prevent vD deficiency is controversial.The objective of the study was to determine effectiveness and safety of prenatal 2000 IU and 4000 IU/d compared with 400 IU/d vD3 supplementation in a randomized controlled trial in population in which vD deficiency

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2013 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism

138. Early pregnancy vitamin D status and risk for adverse maternal and infant outcomes in a bi-ethnic cohort: the Behaviors Affecting Baby and You (B.A.B.Y.) Study. (PubMed)

Early pregnancy vitamin D status and risk for adverse maternal and infant outcomes in a bi-ethnic cohort: the Behaviors Affecting Baby and You (B.A.B.Y.) Study. Vitamin D deficiency is common during pregnancy and higher in Hispanic as compared with non-Hispanic white women. However, the association between vitamin D deficiency and adverse pregnancy outcomes remains unclear and may vary across ethnic groups, in part because of genetic variation in the metabolism of vitamin D. Few studies have (...) included Hispanic women. Therefore, we investigated this association among 237 participants in the Behaviors Affecting Baby and You Study, a randomised trial of an exercise intervention among ethnically diverse prenatal care patients in Massachusetts. Baseline serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured at 15·2 (sd 4·7) weeks' gestation. Information on adverse pregnancy outcomes was abstracted from medical records. Mean 25(OH)D was 30·4 (sd 12·0) ng/ml; 53·2 % of participants had insufficient (<30

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2015 The British journal of nutrition

139. Effect of Vitamin D Replacement on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes

) recommends 600 IU of vitamin D per day to reach a 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level ≥ 20 ng/ml, the Endocrine Society (ES) recommends 1,500-2,000 IU/day to reach a level ≥ 30 ng/ml, and the WHO guidelines do not recommend any supplementation as part of routine prenatal care. They do however underscore the fact that subjects with the lowest levels may be the ones to benefit most from vitamin D replacement. The benefits of such an approach and the doses needed to reach desirable levels have not been (...) years Vitamin D supplementation ≤ 200 IU daily (If daily vitamin D supplementation > 200 IU daily, at enrollment, the pregnant women will be advised to adjust prenatal multivitamin doses in such a way that total vitamin D supplementation per week doesn't exceed 1400 IU per week, in consultation with primary Obstetric and Gynecology (OB-GYN) physician.) Exclusion Criteria: 25(OH)D level < 10 ng/ml or > 30 ng/ml. Known metabolic bone disease Current medications likely to interfere with vitamin D

2015 Clinical Trials

140. Vitamin D deficiency in BALB/c mouse pregnancy increases placental transfer of glucocorticoids. (PubMed)

the fetus from inappropriate glucocorticoid exposure. There was a corresponding increase in placental and fetal expression of the highly glucocorticoid-sensitive factor glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper. Furthermore, placental expression of the angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor-A was reduced in vitamin D-deficient pregnancies, with a corresponding decline in fetal capillary volume within the placenta. Overall, we show that prenatal vitamin D deficiency leads to an increase (...) Vitamin D deficiency in BALB/c mouse pregnancy increases placental transfer of glucocorticoids. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy is increasing and implicated in adverse consequences for the health of offspring in later life. The aim of this study was to determine whether vitamin D deficiency increases fetal exposure to glucocorticoids, which are known to alter fetal development and result in adverse adult health outcomes. Female BALB/c mice were placed on either a vitamin D

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2015 Endocrinology

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>