How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,201 results for

Prenatal Vitamin

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

81. Associations between maternal vitamin D levels during pregnancy and allergic outcomes in the offspring in the first 5 years of life. (PubMed)

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 9106718 0905-6157 1406-16-2 Vitamin D IM Adult Child, Preschool Cohort Studies Female Humans Hypersensitivity epidemiology etiology Infant Male Pregnancy Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects Prospective Studies Risk Factors Singapore Skin Tests Vitamin D blood Vitamin D Deficiency complications epidemiology allergic outcomes eczema family history of allergy maternal vitamin D 2019 08 01 2018 10 20 6 0 2019 3 20 6 0 2018 10 20 6 0 ppublish 30338862 10.1111/pai.12995 PMC6358006 (...) Associations between maternal vitamin D levels during pregnancy and allergic outcomes in the offspring in the first 5 years of life. 30338862 2019 03 19 2019 03 19 1399-3038 30 1 2019 02 Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Pediatr Allergy Immunol Associations between maternal vitamin D levels during pregnancy and allergic outcomes in the offspring in the first 5 years of life. 117-122 10.1111/pai.12995 Loo Evelyn

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

82. Prenatal exposure to maternal bereavement and offspring psoriasis: a Danish nationwide cohort study. (PubMed)

Prenatal exposure to maternal bereavement and offspring psoriasis: a Danish nationwide cohort study. Prenatal stress may alter immune competence of the fetus. Limited data exist on the role of antenatal stress in psoriasis development.To investigate whether prenatal exposure to maternal bereavement increases the risk of offspring psoriasis.This register-based cohort study included 1 811 917 live singletons born from 1978 to 2008 in Denmark. The children were assigned to the bereaved group (...) if their mothers lost a child, partner/spouse, parent or sibling during pregnancy or up to 12 months before pregnancy. Follow-up started at the date of birth and ended at the date of first hospital treatment for psoriasis or a prescription redeemed for topical vitamin D derivatives (often used to treat psoriasis), emigration, death or 31 December 2010, whichever came first. We evaluated the hazard ratio (HR) of psoriasis in bereaved children using Cox proportional hazards regressions, compared

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 British Journal of Dermatology

83. Dietary Nutrient Intake in School-Aged Children with Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (PubMed)

Dietary Nutrient Intake in School-Aged Children with Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Nutrition is an important factor that affects brain development. Nutritional deficiencies can exacerbate alcohol's damaging effects. Conversely, nutritional supplementation can serve a protective role against alcohol damage and may prove to be a worthwhile intervention strategy. This study investigated dietary intake in school-aged children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure to understand their nutritional (...) status, compared to a national sample of typically developing children and Dietary Reference Intakes.Dietary intake data were collected from children with confirmed histories of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure (5 to 10 years, n = 55) using the Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Recall (ASA24). Observed nutrient levels were compared to the Dietary Reference Intakes to evaluate adequacy of nutrient intake as well as to national averages for same-aged children (What We Eat in America, NHANES

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research

84. Investigation of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase pathway to elucidate off-target prenatal effects of pharmaceuticals: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Investigation of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase pathway to elucidate off-target prenatal effects of pharmaceuticals: a systematic review. Mendelian diseases contain important biological information regarding developmental effects of gene mutations that can guide drug discovery and toxicity efforts. In this review, we focus on Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS), a rare Mendelian disease characterized by compound heterozygous mutations in 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7) resulting in severe (...) fetal deformities. We present a compilation of SLOS-inducing DHCR7 mutations and the geographic distribution of those mutations in healthy and diseased populations. We observed that several mutations thought to be disease causing occur in healthy populations, indicating an incomplete understanding of the condition and highlighting new research opportunities. We describe the functional environment around DHCR7, including pharmacological DHCR7 inhibitors and cholesterol and vitamin D synthesis. Using

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 The pharmacogenomics journal

85. Neonatal Metabolomic Profiles Related to Prenatal Arsenic Exposure (PubMed)

Neonatal Metabolomic Profiles Related to Prenatal Arsenic Exposure Prenatal inorganic arsenic (iAs) exposure is associated with health effects evident at birth and later in life. An understanding of the relationship between prenatal iAs exposure and alterations in the neonatal metabolome could reveal critical molecular modifications, potentially underpinning disease etiologies. In this study, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy-based metabolomic analysis was used to identify (...) metabolites in neonate cord serum associated with prenatal iAs exposure in participants from the Biomarkers of Exposure to ARsenic (BEAR) pregnancy cohort, in Gómez Palacio, Mexico. Through multivariable linear regression, ten cord serum metabolites were identified as significantly associated with total urinary iAs and/or iAs metabolites, measured as %iAs, %monomethylated arsenicals (MMAs), and %dimethylated arsenicals (DMAs). A total of 17 metabolites were identified as significantly associated

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Environmental science & technology

86. Maternal prenatal intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients and risk of childhood leukemia (PubMed)

Maternal prenatal intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients and risk of childhood leukemia Folate, vitamins B12 and B6, riboflavin, and methionine are critical nutrients for the one-carbon metabolism cycle involved in DNA synthesis and epigenetic processes. We examined the association between maternal intake of these nutrients before pregnancy and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in a matched case-control study.Maternal dietary intake (...) and vitamin supplement use in the year before pregnancy was assessed by food frequency questionnaire for 681 ALL cases, 103 AML cases, and 1076 controls. Principal component analysis was used to construct a variable representing combined nutrient intake, and conditional logistic regression estimated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the association of ALL and AML with the principal component and each nutrient.Higher maternal intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients from food

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Cancer causes & control : CCC

87. Vitamin D supplementation: Recommendations for Canadian mothers and infants

for their supply of vitamin D, which crosses the placenta and is reflected both in infant stores and in the amount of vitamin D available in breast milk. It is important that mothers have levels of vitamin D sufficient to meet their own needs and those of their infants. How much maternal supplementation is sufficient? Health Canada has suggested 200 IU/day (5 µg/day) . The existing prenatal supplements contain 400 IU of vitamin D3 per suggested daily dose. Subscripts refer to the type of vitamin D used – D 3 (...) Vitamin D supplementation: Recommendations for Canadian mothers and infants Vitamin D supplementation: Recommendations for Canadian mothers and infants | Canadian Paediatric Society CPS In this section Protecting and promoting the health and well-being of children and youth CPS Policy & Advocacy Clinical Practice Education & Events News & Publications Programs Membership About the CPS Position statement Vitamin D supplementation: Recommendations for Canadian mothers and infants Posted: Oct 1

2012 Canadian Paediatric Society

88. Vitamin D levels and perinatal depressive symptoms in women at risk: a secondary analysis of the mothers, omega-3, and mental health study. (PubMed)

Vitamin D levels and perinatal depressive symptoms in women at risk: a secondary analysis of the mothers, omega-3, and mental health study. Vitamin D insufficiency may be associated with depressive symptoms in non-pregnant adults. We performed this study to evaluate whether low maternal vitamin D levels are associated with depressive symptoms in pregnancy.This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized trial designed to assess whether prenatal omega-3 fatty acid supplementation would (...) prevent depressive symptoms. Pregnant women from Michigan who were at risk for depression based on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Score or history of depression were enrolled. Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview at 12-20 weeks, 26-28 weeks, 34-36 weeks, and 6-8 weeks postpartum. Vitamin D levels were measured at 12-20 weeks (N = 117) and 34-36 weeks (N = 112). Complete datasets were available on 105 subjects. Using

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 BMC pregnancy and childbirth

89. Vitamin D Status and Metabolism in Human Pregnancy

status consumed equivalent intakes of vitamin D (511 IU/d), calcium (1.6 g/d) and phosphorus (1.9 g/d) from the study diet and prenatal multivitamin supplement (Pregnancy Plus; Fairhaven Health LLC) for ≥ 10 weeks. Dependent variables: Blood biomarkers of vitamin D metabolism at week 0 (study-baseline) and week 10 (representing study-end) Placental biomarkers of vitamin D metabolism at delivery Markers of bone metabolism in maternal and fetal cord blood as well as maternal urine Ethical (...) Vitamin D Status and Metabolism in Human Pregnancy Vitamin D Status and Metabolism in Human Pregnancy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Vitamin D Status and Metabolism in Human Pregnancy

2017 Clinical Trials

90. Marginal vitamin A deficiency facilitates Alzheimer's pathogenesis. (PubMed)

Marginal vitamin A deficiency facilitates Alzheimer's pathogenesis. Deposition of amyloid β protein (Aβ) to form neuritic plaques in the brain is the unique pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ is derived from amyloid β precursor protein (APP) by β- and γ-secretase cleavages and turned over by glia in the central nervous system (CNS). Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) has been shown to affect cognitive functions. Marginal vitamin A deficiency (MVAD) is a serious and widespread public (...) health problem among pregnant women and children in developing countries. However, the role of MVAD in the pathogenesis of AD remains elusive. Our study showed that MVAD is approximately twofold more prevalent than VAD in the elderly, and increased cognitive decline is positively correlated with lower VA levels. We found that MVAD, mostly prenatal MVAD, promotes beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1)-mediated Aβ production and neuritic plaque formation, and significantly exacerbates memory deficits

2017 Acta neuropathologica

91. High maternal vitamin D levels in early pregnancy may protect against behavioral difficulties at preschool age: the Rhea mother-child cohort, Crete, Greece. (PubMed)

High maternal vitamin D levels in early pregnancy may protect against behavioral difficulties at preschool age: the Rhea mother-child cohort, Crete, Greece. Animal studies suggest that prenatal vitamin D status may affect fetal brain growth. However, human studies are scarce with conflicting results. We aimed to investigate the association of maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] levels with multiple neurodevelopmental outcomes at 4 years of age. We included 487 mother-child pairs from (...) the prospective pregnancy cohort, "Rhea" in Crete, Greece. Maternal serum 25(OH) D concentrations were measured at the first prenatal visit (13 ± 2.4 weeks). Cognitive functions at 4 years were assessed by means of the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities. Behavioral difficulties were assessed by means of Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Test. Children of women in the high 25(OH) D tertile (>50.7 nmol/l) had 37% decreased number of hyperactivity

2017 European child & adolescent psychiatry

92. Developmental Vitamin D Deficiency Affects Spatial Learning in Wistar Rats. (PubMed)

Developmental Vitamin D Deficiency Affects Spatial Learning in Wistar Rats. Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a global problem. Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D is involved in brain development and function. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with poor cognitive function in adults, but the effect of developmental vitamin D deficiency (DVDD) on cognitive function and brain development in children has not been well established.Objective: We explored the effects of DVDD on cognitive (...) functions and brain morphology of rat pups.Methods: Wistar rat pups born to control and vitamin D-deficient dams were divided into 4 groups: control (C), deficient during gestation (dG), deficient during lactation (dL), and deficient during gestation and lactation (dGL). Spatial learning and memory were assessed by the Morris water maze test at postnatal day (PND) 24 and PND 45. Cortical thickness at the level of the hippocampus was measured at PND 63, and synapses were counted in specified areas

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of Nutrition

93. Neonatal vitamin D status from archived dried blood spots and future risk of fractures in childhood: results from the D-tect study, a population-based case-cohort study. (PubMed)

maternal vitamin D status and childhood fractures. Further studies are needed to examine fracture risk in relation to prenatal vitamin D status in a randomized controlled setting.© 2017 American Society for Nutrition. (...) Neonatal vitamin D status from archived dried blood spots and future risk of fractures in childhood: results from the D-tect study, a population-based case-cohort study. Background: Whether antenatal and neonatal vitamin D status have clinical relevance in fracture prevention has not been examined extensively, although observational studies indicate that fetal life may be a sensitive period in relation to bone growth and mineralization during childhood.Objective: We examined whether 25

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

94. Vitamin D Deficiency Increases the Risk of Adverse Neonatal Outcomes in Gestational Diabetes. (PubMed)

prenatal monitoring were included in this cohort and had blood sampled for 25-hydroxyvitamin D measurement. Vitamin D was measured by chemiluminescence and deficiency was defined as < 20 ng/mL. Participants were followed until puerperium and adverse neonatal outcomes were evaluated.Newborns of women with vitamin D deficiency had higher incidences of hospitalization in intensive care units (ICU) (32 vs 19%, P = 0.048), of hypoglycemia (any, 17.3 vs 7.1%, P = 0.039requiring ICU, 15.3 vs 3.6%, P = 0.008 (...) Vitamin D Deficiency Increases the Risk of Adverse Neonatal Outcomes in Gestational Diabetes. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and vitamin D deficiency have been associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes but the consequences of both conditions simultaneously present in pregnancy have not yet been evaluated. Our objective was to study the influence of vitamin D deficiency in neonatal outcomes of pregnancies with GDM.184 pregnant women with GDM referred to specialized

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 PLoS ONE

95. Vitamin D treatment during pregnancy prevents autism-related phenotypes in a mouse model of maternal immune activation (PubMed)

Vitamin D treatment during pregnancy prevents autism-related phenotypes in a mouse model of maternal immune activation Prenatal exposure to infection is a recognized environmental risk factor for neuropsychiatric disorders of developmental origins such as autism or schizophrenia. Experimental work in animals indicates that this link is mediated by maternal immune activation (MIA) involving interactions between cytokine-associated inflammatory events, oxidative stress, and other (...) that were exposed to MIA, juveniles display similar deficits in social approach behavior. Juvenile MIA offspring also show abnormal stereotyped digging and impaired acquisition and expression of tone-cued fear conditioning. Importantly, our study reveals that prenatal administration of 1,25OHD abolishes all these behavioral deficits in poly(I:C)-treated juveniles. However, prenatal administration of vitamin D had no effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in dams or in fetal brains suggesting

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Molecular autism

96. Relationship between the Nutritional Status of Vitamin A per Trimester of Pregnancy with Maternal Anthropometry and Anemia after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (PubMed)

above the recommended range showed 100% of inadequacy of this nutrient in the third trimester. Among the pregnant women with anemia, 90.9% had VAD and 86.4% had NB. This study highlights the importance of monitoring the nutritional status of vitamin A in prenatal care, due to its relationship with TGWG and the high percentage of VAD and NB found since the beginning of pregnancy. It also reaffirms the use of the cut-off <1.05 μmol/L for determining VAD. (...) Relationship between the Nutritional Status of Vitamin A per Trimester of Pregnancy with Maternal Anthropometry and Anemia after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A per trimester of pregnancy, as well as to assess its influence on pre-pregnancy BMI, total gestational weight gain (TGWG) and presence of anemia in women who had previously undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). An analytical, longitudinal and retrospective study

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Nutrients

97. Untangling the most probable role for vitamin D3 in autism (PubMed)

Untangling the most probable role for vitamin D3 in autism Recent studies indicate an important role for vitamin D3 in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), although its mechanism is not completely understood. The most puzzling aspect of ASD is that identical twins, who share identical DNA, do not have 100% concordance rates (∼88% for identical and ∼31% for fraternal twins). These findings provide major clues into the etiology: ASD must involve an environmental factor present in the prenatal milieu (...) that both identical twins are not always exposed to because they do not always share it (i.e., placentas). Combined with the exponential increasing rates of ASD around the world, these observations suggest a contagious disease is probably transferred to the fetus via the placenta becoming infected by a cervical virus. Vitamin D3 boosts immune responses clearing viral infections and increases serotonin and estrogen brain levels. Here we review the different roles and untangle the most probable one

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Dermato-endocrinology

98. The protective role of vitamin E on the testicular tissue in rats exposed to sodium arsenite during the prenatal stage till sex maturity: A stereological analysis (PubMed)

The protective role of vitamin E on the testicular tissue in rats exposed to sodium arsenite during the prenatal stage till sex maturity: A stereological analysis Vitamin E is an effective antioxidant, protecting cells against oxidative stress.In this investigation the protective effect of vitamin E on the testis during development and spermatogenesis in rats exposed to sodium arsenite was evaluated.Pregnant Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n=8) control, sodium arsenite (8 mg/kg/day (...) , spermatocyte, spermatid and sertoli cells reduced significantly in sodium arsenite group compared to the control. Co-administration of vitamin E and sodium arsenite compensated the adverse effects of sodium arsenite on the above parameters.We concluded co-treatment of rats with sodium arsenite and vitamin E could prevent the adverse effects of sodium arsenite exposure on the testicular tissue during the prenatal stage till sex maturity.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2012 Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine

99. Prenatal Vitamin

Prenatal Vitamin Prenatal Vitamin Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Prenatal Vitamin Prenatal Vitamin Aka: Prenatal (...) Vitamin II. Indications Start prior to conception of pregnancy III. Preparations: Key components (Higher doses than standard Vitamins) 400 mcg or 600 Dietary Equivalents or DFE (See for references) Dose is higher if increased risk 4000 mcg started 3 months before pregnancy (continue for first trimester) Prior Use of or 800 mcg daily (1200 Dietary Equivalents or DFE) Anti-epileptic drugs other than or Most important component in Prenatal Vitamins Reduces s by 50% at conception Reduced fetal risk

2015 FP Notebook

100. The impact of prenatal vitamin A and zinc supplementation on growth of children up to 2 years of age in rural Java, Indonesia. (PubMed)

The impact of prenatal vitamin A and zinc supplementation on growth of children up to 2 years of age in rural Java, Indonesia. To determine whether prenatal vitamin A and/or Zn supplementation affects postnatal growth.Follow-up of a randomized controlled trial monitoring growth in children from birth up to 24 months of age.Central Java, Indonesia.Children (n 343) of mothers participating in a double-blinded, randomized controlled study of vitamin A and/or Zn supplementation during pregnancy. We (...) report the effects of prenatal supplementation on infant growth, measured as weight-for-age Z-scores (WAZ), height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ) and weight-for-height Z-scores (WHZ ), from 0 to 24 months, as well as differences in growth faltering among the supplementation groups.For HAZ, the absolute differences between the vitamin A-only and vitamin A + Zn groups at 3 and 9 months were 0·34 SD and 0·37 SD, respectively, and the absolute difference between the vitamin A-only and Zn-only groups at 18 months

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Public health nutrition

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>